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WikidataCon 2017-Group photo-IMG 3674.JPG
WikidataCon 2017 group photo

WikidataCon Berlin 28–29 October 2017

Logo 5th Wikidata Birthday.png
Wikidata's fifth birthday was on 29 October 2017

Under the heading rerum causas cognescere, the first ever Wikidata conference got under way in the Tagesspiegel building with two keynotes. One was on YAGO, a knowledge base conceived ten years ago featuring automatic compilation from Wikipedia. The other keynote was from manager Lydia Pintscher, on the "state of the data". Interesting rumours flourished around Magnus Manske's mix'n'match tool and its 600+ datasets, mostly in digital humanities, and its adoption by the WMF. One also heard of an imminent Wikibase incubator site. Announcements came in talks: structured data on Wikimedia Commons is scheduled to make substantive progress by 2019. The lexeme development effort on Wikidata is not expected to make the Wiktionary sites redundant, but may facilitate future automated compilation of dictionaries.

And so it went, with five strands of talks and workshops running until 11 pm on Saturday. Wikidata applies to GLAM work via metadata. It may be used in education, raises issues such as author disambiguation, and lends itself to different types of graphical display and reuse. Many millions of SPARQL queries are run on the site every day. Over the summer a large open science bibliography has come into existence there.

Wikidata's fifth birthday party on the Sunday brought WikidataCon to a close. See a dozen and more reports by other hands. CM

This piece was originally published in issue 6 of Facto Post.

Two incidents recently occurred by individuals with a special position of trust in the English Wikipedia. Both involved paid editing; one resulted in a community ban, and the other is undergoing discussion at Arbcom and noticeboards with at least three administrators asking for revocation or resignation of the sysop bit.

The first case involves KDS4444 who was granted OTRS access as part of the volunteer response team in September 2015. OTRS is the ticketing system across all Wikimedia projects and is used, among other things, by companies and individuals who ask for changes to be made in their articles without violating the conflict of interest guideline. It was alleged at the Administrators' noticeboard (AN) that KDS4444 had used his OTRS access to identify candidates for paid editing work, then email them with offers in the 300 dollar range to make edits on their articles. KDS4444 had his OTRS access revoked on 21 October and was community banned from English Wikipedia on November 17. At the AN discussion some editors wanted to use less drastic remedies on ENWP for an editor who had contributed over 150 articles. Others harshly criticized his actions "actively soliciting for paid work" in a position of trust as "completely unconscionable" and "[in] defiance of community norms".

The second case involves Mister Wiki, a commercial Wikipedia editing firm, and Salvidrim! who has been an administrator on English Wikipedia since January 2013. The Conflict of interest Noticeboard (COIN) case (permlink) was followed by an Arbcom filing (permlink). Salvidrim! and others (who are not administrators) are declared paid editors for Mister Wiki. Salvidrim! had created an alternate account for paid editing, Salvidrim! (paid) and declared that they were working for Mister Wiki. But problematic interactions between the Mister Wiki team members were identified at COIN, including approving one anothers' drafts at Articles for creation (AfC). An administrator (TonyBallioni) reviewing the activity stated that Salvidrim! "as a sysop actively asked an AfC reviewer to move an article you had been paid to edit out of draft space" and that "breach of the trust we place in administrators and is why I think you should resign as a sysop"; another administrator (Doc James) said "These sorts of activities have a significant potential to harm our shared brand" and joined at least one other administrator (JzG) in a request for either de-sysopping or a new Requests for adminship. The request for an Arbcom case was filed on November 21, after Salvidrim! declared he would not voluntarily give up the bit "today, or tomorrow, or this week".

The last well known sysop abuse of position incident was the 2015 Wifione Arbcom case which resulted in de-sysop and ban (see previous Signpost coverage).

A discussion "Should Wikipedians be allowed to use community granted tools in exchange for money?" was begun by Doc James at Village Pump before either of these two incidents was brought to ENWP noticeboards. B

Brief notes

  • New chief product officer: The WMF appointed Toby Negrin as Chief Product Officer on 8 November 2017. Negrin was previously the Interim Vice President of Product.
  • No new administrators: There are no new administrators for The Signpost to welcome; there were no requests for adminship between TonyBallioni's, which concluded on 19 October (reported in our previous issue), and Joe Roe's RFA, which started on 23 November.
  • Milestones: The following Wikipedia projects reached milestones recently: Tajik Wikipedia: 90,000 articles (21 November); Latvian Wikipedia: 80,000 articles (17 November); Albanian Wikipedia: 70,000 articles (10 November); English Wikipedia: 5,500,000 articles (28 October)



Reader comments

Administrator desysoped

Following a case that closed on 16 October 2017, Arthur Rubin was desysopped "for repeatedly not meeting the community expectations and responsibilities of administrators as outlined in WP:ADMINACCT". Specific incidents included removing permissions from a user during an ANI discussion – which reversed another admin's administrative action without prior notification or discussion – and failing to provide evidence for claims made against another user.

Current requests

  • Crosswiki issues request: Request opened 31 October 2017 by Fram, other involved party Ymblanter – motion for discussion closed 22 November probably looking at an RfC about "whether and how information from Wikidata should be used on English Wikipedia"
  • Mister Wiki case: Request opened 21 November 2017 by TonyBallioni; other involved parties Salvidrim! and Soetermans – vote reached 6/0/0 on 23 November and very likely to result in a case

Declined requests

  • Zoyetu request: Request opened 16 October 2017 by Zoyetu – declined <0/4/0/3>, opener topic banned on 7 November
  • Joefromrandb request: Request opened 20 October 2017 by TomStar81 – declined <3/7/2>
  • Conduct at Reference Desks request: Request opened 30 October 2017 by Robert McClenon – declined <0/9/0>
  • List of unofficial users of Iranian rial request: Request opened 31 October 2017 by John N Smith – unanimously declined
  • Nathan B. Forrest request: Request opened 6 November 2017 by Azarbarzin – declined <0/8/0>
  • List of European islands by population – Island of Ireland countries editing dispute: Request opened 9 November 2017 by PompeyTheGreat – declined <0/7/0>

In brief



Reader comments


Advanced Search EN collapsed.png
Advanced Search interface (collapsed view)

AdvancedSearch

AdvSearch Screen 20170620.png
AdvancedSearch's form for specifying advanced parameters

A new search interface is now available as a beta feature on MediaWiki.org. The interface enhances the Special:Search page experience, by changing the way namespaces and other advanced parameters are specified. This makes it easier for users to discover and utilise existing search features, such as intitle:.

When you click on the arrow in the advanced parameters section, it expands to give you a form to set parameters for advanced searches. Explanations on each parameter can be found next to each input field. Namespaces can be selected from the "Search in", where you can either type them in or select from a dropdown list.

The idea came from a workshop series on advanced search held by WMDE's software development department, as part of their Technical Wishes Project. The beta feature was made available to test wikis and Mediawiki.org on 21 November 2017, and will also be available on Arabic and German Wikipedias from 29 November.

Further information is available on MediaWiki.org and Meta-wiki.

Time to make a wish

English cocker Jam.jpg
Can you guess what the Community Tech mascot is wishing for?

The annual Community Tech wishlist survey is underway for 2017. Since early November, 220 proposals in 15 categories have been submitted from 284 contributors. The proposal phase has concluded; voting begins on 27 November at meta:2017 Community Wishlist Survey.

So far this year, the team has completed five of the top ten wishes: Rewrite XTools (#5), Wikitext editor syntax highlighting (#6), Warning on unsuccessful login attempts (#7), Fix Mr. Z-bot’s popular pages bot (#9), and User rights expiration (#10). Other top wishes, as well as anti-harassment tools and projects for smaller groups, are being worked on or investigated.

In brief

New user scripts to customise your Wikipedia experience

Latest tech news from the Wikimedia technical community: 2017 #43#47. Please tell other users about these changes. Not all changes will affect you. Translations are available on Meta.

  • Recent changes
    • When you search in some languages the search function could use specific other languages if the first language didn't work. This is called a fallback language. This didn't work properly and created bad searches. The search index is being fixed to work better. [1]
    • You can now block users from emailing you (mute) through the Wikimedia wikis. [2]
    • You will no longer see the patrol log on Special:Log unless you specifically select it. [3]
    • The diff you see when you compare two different versions of a page has changed on MediaWiki.org and the test wiki. This is to make it easier to find a text change in a moved paragraph. It will hopefully soon come to more wikis. You can report bugs in Phabricator. [4]
    • A new user group on Commons will be able to upload MP3 files. The plan is to have this user group from 17 November. [5]
    • Wikis using Flagged Revisions will get the New filters for Edit Review by default on the recent changes pages. It will be possible to opt-out in user preferences. [6]
    • If you use the Chrome web browser on Android you can see a download icon on the mobile website. You can download a formatted PDF. It will work in other mobile browsers in the future. [7]
    • Octicons-tools.svg You can use ccnorm_contains_any when you create an abuse filter. This can be used to look for multiple words or phrases within a string. It will find words where some characters have been replaced. You can read more in the documentation. [8]
    • Octicons-tools.svg The abuse filter now has a function called get_matches. You can use it to store matches from regular expressions – one of each capturing group. You can read more in Phabricator.
  • Future changes

Installation code

  1. ^ Copy the following code, click here, then paste:
    importScript( 'User:Eizzen/SkinSwitcher.js' ); // Backlink: User:Eizzen/SkinSwitcher.js
  2. ^ Copy the following code, click here, then paste:
    importScript( 'User:Eizzen/AutoPurge.js' ); // Backlink: User:Eizzen/AutoPurge.js
  3. ^ Copy the following code, click here, then paste:
    importScript( 'User:The Voidwalker/alwaysEditSectionLink.js' ); // Backlink: User:The Voidwalker/alwaysEditSectionLink.js
  4. ^ Copy the following code, click here, then paste:
    importScript( 'User:Mvolz/displayContributions.js' ); // Backlink: User:Mvolz/displayContributions.js
  5. ^ Copy the following code, click here, then paste:
    importScript( 'User:Anne drew Andrew and Drew/PageDetails.js' ); // Backlink: User:Anne drew Andrew and Drew/PageDetails.js
  6. ^ Copy the following code, click here, then paste:
    importScript( 'User:Anne drew Andrew and Drew/SetupAutoArchive.js' ); // Backlink: User:Anne drew Andrew and Drew/SetupAutoArchive.js
  7. ^ Copy the following code, click here, then paste:
    importScript( 'User:Kku/Scripts/BacklinkTitle.js' ); // Backlink: User:Kku/Scripts/BacklinkTitle.js
  8. ^ Copy the following code, click here, then paste:
    importScript( 'User:Eizzen/PageCreator.js' ); // Backlink: User:Eizzen/PageCreator.js
  9. ^ Copy the following code, click here, then paste:
    importScript( 'User:Eizzen/LastEditor.js' ); // Backlink: User:Eizzen/LastEditor.js
  10. ^ Copy the following code, click here, then paste:
    importScript( 'User:Mr. Stradivarius/gadgets/DiffOnly.js' ); // Backlink: User:Mr. Stradivarius/gadgets/DiffOnly.js
  11. ^ Copy the following code, click here, then paste:
    importScript( 'User:The Voidwalker/histFilter.js' ); // Backlink: User:The Voidwalker/histFilter.js
  12. ^ Copy the following code, click here, then paste:
    importScript( 'User:Evad37/rater.js' ); // Backlink: User:Evad37/rater.js



Reader comments

Lossy-page1-2658px-Nelson's Pillar, Sackville-Street, Dublin RMG PU3914 (cropped).jpg
Nelson's Pillar, c. 1830
Scott of the Antarctic crop.jpg
Robert Falcon Scott
Bottomley-trafalgar-square.jpg
Horatio Bottomley

With the promotion of S. O. Davies to a featured article (FA) in 2016, Brianboulton became Wikipedia's third featured article centurion. Despite having semi-retired from content creation in recent years, he remains an active user, and still produces the occasional FA.

  • When did you first start editing Wikipedia? What first got you interested?
  • I first became aware of Wikipedia in its early days, and would sometimes look things up. I did occasional edits as an IP – the earliest I can now trace is dated December 2005, but there are probably earlier ones. I began to appreciate WP's potential as an information source, and thought I could contribute something, so I registered this username in November 2007.
  • How did you feel when you got your first featured article approved?
  • Surprised. Back in 2008 I had no ambitions beyond GA for my polar article on the Ross Sea party 1914–1917, but someone suggested I try it at FAC. Looking at the FAC review now, I'd say I got an easy ride, and I've certainly had to update and improve the article to bring it up to today's more exacting FA standards. But the experience got my enthusiasm going, and other articles soon followed.
  • You are one of Wikipedia's most prolific featured content contributors. Could you describe your method (i.e. how you get an article to FA status)?
  • Well, I have a wide range of interests. I look out for topics in these favourite fields which are unrepresented or underdone in WP, and set about creating or expanding the article in question. The first stage is background reading and research, in particular identifying the best sources to be used. That's a tremendous learning process, I've found. I begin to draft text in sandboxes, moving to mainspace as things begin to take shape. It's quite a difficult balancing act to be thorough and concise at the same time; my advice is generally to err on the side of concision. I'll seek feedback through the peer review process before final polishing – it's usually a mistake to jump into the FAC process without prior review, however experienced an editor you are.
  • What are you most proud of doing in Wikipedia?
  • "Proud" isn't a word I'd use. I like to think I've improved the quality of content in some areas, such as polar exploration, opera, political history, etc., and I've enjoyed a number of collaborations with other editors thus widening my range of knowledge. I hope that through my reviewing I've helped to raise the standards of our best work. I am pleased that I helped to launch the mentoring scheme whereby first-time editors at FAC get guidance through what can seem an intimidating process. I also enjoyed my stint as a TFA coordinator and would do that again if the need arose.
  • What are the major frustrations of editing Wikipedia?
  • Wikipedia has changed a lot in the last ten years. Most of the editors I worked with in my most productive years have either retired altogether or have reduced their involvement, so that I no longer have the feeling I once had of being part of a kind of online common room, among colleagues with shared interests and goals. Too much time is spent by editors following their private hobby-horses – the recurrent dispute over infoboxes is a case in point – rather than pursuing the common objective of improving the encyclopedia with due respect for the opinions of others. I have observed regrettable cases of largely unpunished bullying. Overall, it seems that enthusiasm has been replaced by indifference; for example, it is painful to see how long some quite excellent articles have to wait at PR or FAC before they get any attention.
  • Building on the above question, what is the most prominent change you have seen in your many years here?
  • On the positive side, the standard of featured articles has undoubtedly risen – the review process is generally more thorough, there is very little nodding through or fan-based support, although I think the process is now unnecessarily slow. I'm sad that subjects that used to be among our strongest content areas, such as Literature and Ancient History, scarcely appear now, and I'm not keen on an apparent over-emphasis on articles concerned with video games or TV series. Also, the loss of experienced content editors seems to shifted the balance of power in Wikipedia towards what Kipling called "The Gods of the Copybook Headings". Far too much time and effort is wasted over the attempted resolution of trivial disputes more concerned with process than content. Maybe this was always the case and I just didn't notice when I was newer in the game.
  • What do you think is the most common mistake made by editors?
  • I think a common mistake among newer editors has been their interpretation of the "anyone can edit" principle as giving them the unrestricted right to make changes or additions to articles without consultation or regard to the effect on the article as a whole. The adding of unsourced trivia to featured articles is a bane that requires constant housekeeping attention.
  • Do you ever get tired?
  • I'm sure we all do.
  • What is the most interesting piece of trivia you have learned in your time here?
  • Goodness, I've encountered so many bits of trivial knowledge (some of it deeply interesting, by the way) during my article reviewing that it's difficult to answer this question. It's in the nature of trivia that it's quickly forgotten. But among the scraps I do remember are that Sir Thomas Beecham supported Blackburn Rovers FC, that the composer Delius was a promising fast bowler in his youth, and followed England's Test side all his life, and that Michael Tippett and Malcolm Sargent shared a piano tutor called Miss Tinkler.
  • Where do you see yourself, and Wikipedia as a whole in five years? Ten years?
  • I think Wikipedia will still be here, but perhaps in a different form. The commercial potential of a website with millions of daily hits is enormous, so maybe somewhere along the line the Wikimedia Foundation will decide to cash its billion-dollar chips in? Who knows? As to myself, I'll carry on as long as I continue to get some satisfaction from my involvement. I'm not as active in content creation as I once was; two or three major articles a year is about my limit. My main activities now are reviewing, mentoring, and refreshing and updating my earlier articles; how long I'll continue to do this is anyone's guess, but five years seems an awfully long time, and ten more years is very hard to envisage!
  • Anything else you'd like to add?
  • A thanks to you, for keeping Signpost going, and my very good wishes

Thank you so much for your time. I look up to you as someone to aspire to be, and I'm sure the Wikipedia community feels similarly.


Featured content from Brianboulton, 2008–2017



Reader comments

A novel approach to recruit members for your project!

Uncle Sam Wikipedia.png

Hey folks!

I've been working on some cool technology to help WikiProjects. I've learned that many WikiProject organizers struggle to get members and manage the tasks of maintaining a WikiProject, with the result that lots of WikiProjects become inactive. I made a bot that scans RecentChanges for people who have been working on or near a WikiProject's tagged articles and who are likely to be productive members of the project; it then recommends these editors to project organizers who can choose whether to invite them. So far, six WikiProjects have signed up and have been using the bot. Here's what some of them have to say:

  • "I really think Bobo.03 is on to something here. This puts some science behind recommendations, and will be a great supplement to the current processes. We've already had new members join thanks to Bobo.03's tool ..." – Peacemaker67, MILHIST
  • "I would recommend the tool to others as a valuable way to reach new editors who might otherwise slip through the cracks, and who might prove to be valuable members of the community ..." – Tom, WPVG
  • "Taking our comments into consideration, Bobo.03 provided us with recruitment lists over the course of three months, each iteration is an improvement over the previous one. An impressive number of those who were invited have joined our project ..." – Rosiestep, WiR

I'm now ready to make the tool available to more WikiProject organizers. If you're interested and want to try it for yourself, contact me on my talk page and I'll help you get set up!

In the meantime, keep reading to see an example of what the recommendations look like and read more quotes from project organizers who've already tried the tool.

Username Why we recommend this editor First Edit Date Total Edits in ENWP Recent Activity Level Invite
Deadpool Deadpool just joined Wikipedia and made the first edit on an article within the scope of your project, Article:Agent X. 2017-9-14 1 New Editor invite
Spider-Man Spider-Man just joined Wikipedia and made the first edit on an article within the scope of your project, Article:Marvel Team-Up. 2017-9-11 4 New Editor invite
Hulk Hulk made 77 out of their most recent 500 edits to articles within the scope of your project. 2010-5-24 606 Very Active invite
Wolverine Wolverine made 49 out of their most recent 500 edits to articles within the scope of your project. 2006-1-23 2132 Active invite
Iron Man Iron Man edited articles similar to articles your project members edited. For example, Iron Man and your project member Superman edited 9 of the same articles in their most recent 500 edits. 2017-7-26 191 Active invite
Thor Thor edited articles similar to articles your project members edited. For example, Thor and your project member Captain America edited 8 of the same articles in their most recent 500 edits. 2009-5-19 28552 Very Active invite
Wikipedia Editathon at Newnham College, Cambridge, March 2017 - 63.jpg
Wikipedia Editathon at Newnham College, Cambridge, March 2017

More thoughts from our interviews with some Wikipedians who already have used our system:

How important it is for your project to recruit new members?

  • "Because WikiProject Video Games is one of Wikipedia's largest such projects, it is fortunate that recruitment is not as critical as smaller projects for which membership is an existential matter. But that's not to say WP:VG doesn't do any recruitment." – Tom, WPVG
  • "Very important. We have around 1,000 members and many of them are currently inactive, so we are always looking for new editors to join Milhist." – PeaceMaker67, MILHIST
  • "The tool is most helpful with surfacing users who have shown interest in the subject area and may not know that a WikiProject page exists to solicit third opinions, get feedback, and pool sourcing expertise." – Czar, WPVG


What is your experience using our tool?

  • "The tool has gone through several iterations in connection with its application for WiR. Initially, the output was rather difficult to interpret, especially as it contained many Wikipedians who have regularly created articles on women over the years but who were obviously not interested in joining. ... I was pleased to see that in later versions of the tool, most items on potential recruits also contained information on their interests." – Ipigott, WiR
  • "My experience has been positive. The majority of the recommendations have been clueful and we've had a few positive responses." – PeaceMaker67, MILHIST


What would you say to other WikiProject organizers who are considering signing up to get recommendations?

  • "I would recommend the tool to others as a valuable way to reach new editors who might otherwise slip through the cracks, and who might prove to be valuable members of the community. Early guidance in Wikipedia's rules, customs, and culture is likely to make for a smooth transition from new editor to established editor, and I believe this tool will enable established users to more effectively and systematically reach a better cross section of new potential editors for the WikiProject." – Tom, WPVG
  • "Women in Red is rather different from most of the other WikiProjects but I have also seen positive reactions from other projects where the tool has been tested. I think the more active WikiProjects would benefit from the tool if they wish to increase their membership." – Ipigott, WiR
  • "Do it. Try it out and see what you think." – PeaceMaker67, MILHIST


Some other comments from Wikipedians:

  • "One of Women in Red's 2017 goals was to develop a recruitment strategy. We know we have a lot of contributors, in addition to our members, but we didn't understand how to develop a recruitment process, let alone an automated one. After user:Bobo.03 reached out to us with his proposal, Women in Red had many conversations with him regarding our scope, our metrics, and our requirements. Taking our comments into consideration, he provided us with recruitment lists over the course of three months, each iteration an improvement over the previous one. An impressive number of those who were invited have joined our project. The short-term impact is greater awareness regarding Wikipedia's content gender gap and what one WikiProject is doing about it; the long-term impact will take time to assess. In the meantime, a big thank you to Bobo.03 for developing this tool, which I think is currently only available on ENWP but other language Wikipedias would probably find it useful." – Rosiestep, WiR
  • "I really think Bobo.03 is on to something here. To date, recruitment of new editors to Wikiproject Military history has been rather organic, with coordinators inviting them to join when we notice someone new via our watchlisted articles. But no-one has all our articles watchlisted. This puts some science behind recommendations, and will be a great supplement to the current processes. We've already had new members join thanks to Bobo.03's tool. I'm looking forward to seeing where this goes." – Peacemaker67, MILHIST


Again, if you like what you see and you want to test it out, contact me on my talk page! Bobo.03 (talk) 20:57, 4 October 2017 (UTC)



Reader comments

Mistakes were made

Flickr - Government Press Office (GPO) - A man reading a newspaper while bathing in the Dead Sea..jpg
Reading news online comes with risks.

Media reported on some errors in, or "hacking" of, Wikipedia, however short term. Maybe this is a good sign of the work's importance as a global media institution but maybe not a good sign of assumption of correctness for realtime events like a coup d'état or a televised beauty contest.

Vandalism of Phineas Gage was labeled "hacking" by the International Business Times and attributed to GNAA trolls in a campaign to smear BuzzFeed reporter Joseph Bernstein for reporting on the alt-right. (Jain, Rishabh (15 November 2017). "Wikipedia Hack Targets BuzzFeed Reporter Who Exposed Hedge Fund Billionaire's Alt-Right Connection". International Business Times.) The 2017 Zimbabwean coup d'état left the Wikipedia biography of Robert Mugabe in disarray, indicating for a period that he was no longer president, when (according to the current article revision) he was only under house arrest. (Austin, Winifred (16 November 2017). "Mugabe's Wikipedia profile updated to former president". Daily Post. Nigeria.) The International Business Times scorned Wikipedians again, holding up a revision of Miss World 2017 that listed the wrong winner – before results were actually announced, and which was reverted after seven minutes – as proof that "Wikipedia page [sic] can be edited by anyone and you cannot trust the platform." (Sharma, Dishya (18 November 2017). "Miss World 2017 winner: Miss Indonesia Achintya Holte Nilsen is the winner? Wikipedia says so!". International Business Times. India.)

And in the feature-not-a-bug category: According to a Washington Times op-ed by Robert H. Knight, "Wikipedia is Britannica — but without factual safeguards" because his edits to American Civil Rights Union with the self-identified account Truthwins09 were reverted and COI identified as a senior fellow employed by the group. Interestingly, for readers interested in finding out more about American Civil Rights Union, the Washington Times displays a synopsis of the Wikipedia article (with credit to Wikipedia). (Knight, Robert (29 October 2017). "'Whackapedia' and its error fest". The Washington Times.)

End of Wikipedia again

Wired magazine published another prediction of Wikipedia's end in "How Social Media Endangers Knowledge". The good news: "Trump's rise ... kicked in a significant flow of funds that has stabilized the nonprofit's balance sheet." The bad news: too many people are Amusing Ourselves to Death and not enough of us turning away from television-like media streams, reflected even in popular Wikipedia content which "tend[s] to revolve around television series or their cast".

Concerns about Wikipedia's accuracy and relevance go back to its very beginning; see for instance the December 2006 Signpost analysis of the previous year's Wikipedia Seigenthaler biography incident.

In brief



Do you want to contribute to "In the media" by writing a story or even just an "in brief" item? Edit next week's edition in the Newsroom or leave a tip on the suggestions page.



Reader comments

This traffic report is adapted from the Top 25 Report, prepared with commentary by igordebraga (October 29 to November 4) and OZOO (November 5 to 11).

Strange Things Have Found Us (October 29 to November 4)

"People are strange when you're in Stranger Things ... " Netflix's acclaimed sci-fi horror series tops the list for a second week, and brings in eight of its cast members to the top 25 articles for this week, more entries than It back in September and slightly less than the deaths of Carrie Fisher and Debbie Reynolds last December.

"Faces look happy when you have won..." Also heavily on the list is baseball, as the Houston Astros (#8) win their first World Series and bring along three of their players and the wife of one of them.

"Men seem wicked when you're unwanted..." Right behind Stranger Things is another sexual scandal in Hollywood (Harvey Weinstein wasn't enough!), with Kevin Spacey (#2) accused of sexual advances on a 14-year-old fellow actor (#3), leading many other men to reveal the acclaimed performer had done the same with them.

"Streets are uneven when you're down" The rest of the list has four holdovers (two Hollywood movies, a Netflix series, and the week's holiday), the Day of the Dead along with the deceased themselves (the yearly list and a Korean actor), and Reddit discovering how to literally make jewellery out of waste (#9).

For the week of October 29 to November 4, the most popular articles on Wikipedia, as determined from the WP:5000 report were:

Rank Article Class Views Image Notes
1 Stranger Things C-Class article 2,431,740
Stranger Things logo.png
The second season of Netflix's critically acclaimed sci-fi horror series was released on October 27, returning viewers to a small town in 1980s Indiana. One year after an interdimensional monster kidnapped and/or killed a few people before being destroyed by a psychokinetic girl, the characters try to return their lives to normal. But no, it will be a scary Halloween for them.
2 Kevin Spacey C-Class article 2,254,711
Kevin Spacey at FICOD 09.jpg
Kevin Spacey is a great actor, but it's sad to see that off the screen he was capable of being a sleazeball on par with Keyser Söze, Lex Luthor, and Frank Underwood. After several men accused Spacey of sexual harrassment/assault, Hollywood turned on him, and even worse, Spacey didn't realize outing himself as a gay man as everyone is calling you a pervert is insensitive. It all started with ...
3 Anthony Rapp Start-Class article 1,264,121
Anthony Rapp SDCC 2017.jpg
... a reveal by Anthony Rapp - an actor best known for the play Rent who's currently playing an officer in Star Trek: Discovery – that Spacey had tried to molest him at the age of 14.
4 Thor: Ragnarok C-Class article 1,135,260
Mårten Eskil Winge - Tor's Fight with the Giants - Google Art Project.jpg
The 17th film in the Marvel Cinematic Universe arrived in the remaining international markets this week, including the United States, where it opened atop the box office with a hefty $121 million weekend. Heavy on the comedy and regarded as the best of the three Thor films, Ragnarok was directed by New Zealander Taika Waititi and adding the likes of Jeff Goldblum, Cate Blanchett and Tessa Thompson to previous Thor mainstays like Chris Hemsworth, Tom Hiddleston and Idris Elba, as well as roping in other MCU heroes like Mark Ruffalo's Hulk and Benedict Cumberbatch's Doctor Strange.
5 Millie Bobby Brown Start-Class article 1,057,845
Millie Bobby Brown (35377984084).jpg
Portrayer of the most memorable character of Stranger Things (#1), a girl with psychokinesis known simply as Eleven. And somehow Brown been named among the sexiest people on TV despite being only 13 (see #3 for a case of how wrong this is).
6 Halloween B-Class article 1,018,599
Jack-o'-Lantern 2003-10-31.jpg
In a reversal from last year, the holiday on October 31st got more views than Mexico's carnival of the cadaverous celebrated the following day.
7 Day of the Dead B-class 645,380
Catrinas 2.jpg
8 Houston Astros B-Class article 632,813
Houston-Astros-Logo.svg
Following a long history of either mediocrity or suffering, and a season where their hometown was hit by a hurricane, the Houston Astros finally could celebrate being the best team in baseball by winning the 2017 World Series in seven games over the LA Dodgers
9 Fordite Start-Class article 604,699
Fordite Floating Pendant.jpg
Reddit learned about this jewel made out of hardened car paint.
10 Deaths in 2017 List-Class article 586,760
Skullclose.jpg
November has arrived, marking eleven months straight without the death list leaving, even in a week light on high profile departures.

All Stranger Things, All The Time (November 5 to 11)

It's curious how the current trend for "binge watching" works, isn't it? For a conventionally broadcast series, you would expect it to stay at the top of popularity charts as viewers watched it every week, while for a series which all launches at once like how Netflix does it, you'd expect an initial burst as everyone watched at once, before a quick fall away. And yet, Stranger Things remains at number one for a third consecutive week, with star Millie Bobby Brown (#6) also making it into the list.

The only article other than ST to break a million views was baseball player Roy Halladay, who sadly died this week. Thor: Ragnarok is third. Allegations against actor Kevin Spacey (#4) make the list, as do allegations made on behalf of late actor Corey Haim (#10). The Paradise Papers (#9) was a big story making the news this week; while there's also the usual entries provided by Reddit and UFC.

For the week of November 5 to 11, the most popular articles on Wikipedia, as determined from the WP:5000 report were:

Rank Article Class Views Image Notes
1 Stranger Things C-Class article 1,619,424
Stranger Things logo.png
A third week at number one for Netflix's sci-fi-horror extravaganza, thusly becoming the second thing to threepeat in 2017. The previous was It, also a horror set in the 1980s. There's your key to success, Hollywood. Anyone wants to buy my script for a horror movie set at the 1985 World Snooker Championship final, my talk page is unprotected.
2 Roy Halladay B-Class article 1,359,778
Roy Halladay pitches allison full.jpg
Roy Halladay, American baseball player from 1998 to 2013 who played for the Toronto Blue Jays and Philadelphia Phillies in his career, died on November 7 after his ICON A5 aircraft crashed into the Gulf of Mexico. In his highly-successful career, Halladay was called up for the Major League Baseball All-Star Game eight times and twice won the prestigious Cy Young Award for best pitcher.
3 Thor: Ragnarok C-Class article 1,350,754
Beginn des Weltunterganges.jpg
The seventeenth Marvel Cinematic Universe film is still number one at the US box office. Directed by Taika Waititi, the film brings back many of the much-loved characters from past MCU films, and includes Doctor Strange. The film has thus far made $215m in the US, making it the highest grossing Thor film thus far. Does this bode well for our chances of Thor 4? That's difficult to say.
4 Kevin Spacey C-Class article 882,622
Kevin Spacey, May 2013.jpg
A series of allegations of sexual impropriety made against the actor Kevin Spacey are continuing to hit the headlines. Big news this week was the announcement that Spacey had been sacked from upcoming movie All the Money in the World, with Christopher Plummer being drafted in to refilm all his scenes. The film is still scheduled for release on December 22.
5 UFC 217 Stub-Class article 767,172
TJ Dillashaw.png
November 4 saw the 217th Ultimate Fighting Championship major event, the second to be held at Madison Square Garden in New York. Three title fights were held as part of the eleven-fight card, with all three champions surrendering their titles, with Rose Namajunas taking the UFC Women's Strawweight Championship and T.J. Dillashaw (pictured) recapturing the UFC Bantamweight Championship, before in the headline fight Georges St. Pierre defeated Michael Bisping to become the UFC Middleweight Championship holder, incidentally becoming the fourth fighter to win titles in two different UFC weight classes.
6 Millie Bobby Brown Start-Class article 756,870
Millie Bobby Brown by Gage Skidmore 2.jpg
The first of four Stranger Things stars, young English actress Brown stars as psychokinetic young girl Eleven. Brown's performance in the role in last year's season saw her nominated for a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Drama Series.
7 Christopher Paul Neil C-Class article 745,098 Reddit TIL, discussing the convicted Canadian child molester Neil, who appeared in over 200 photographs depicting child abuse. His face was obscured by a swirl effect, which was reversed by computer experts at the German Federal Criminal Police Office. Neil was arrested in Thailand in 2007.
8 Deaths in 2017 List-Class article 722,052
Skullclose.jpg
The list of those we have lost continues to be in the top 10.
9 Paradise Papers C-Class article 638,995
Queen Elizabeth II March 2015 cropped.jpg
Anything popular these days gets a sequel, so here is the follow-up to last year's Panama Papers. A number of big names have been implicated to have kept their money offshore to avoid tax, including Queen Elizabeth II (pictured). Although since she is the Queen of the Bahamas, is it really offshore to have money there? Other big names implicated in the leak include Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, President of Liberia; Yukio Hatoyama, former Prime Minister of Japan; and Paul Hewson, current Bono of U2.
10 Corey Haim C-Class article 623,374
Corey Haim.jpg
Deceased actor Corey Haim was allegedly sexually assaulted by co-star Charlie Sheen during the filming of 1986's Lucas. Actor Dominick Brascia made these allegations, which Sheen denies. Haim's mother has claimed that Sheen had not assaulted her son, and rather, Brascia had abused Corey.

Exclusions

  • These lists excludes the Wikipedia main page, non-article pages (such as redlinks), and anomalous entries (such as DDoS attacks or likely automated views). Since mobile view data became available to the Report in October 2014, we exclude articles that have almost no mobile views (5–6% or less) or almost all mobile views (94–95% or more) because they are very likely to be automated views based on our experience and research of the issue. Please feel free to discuss any removal on the Top 25 Report talk page if you wish.
  • Per agreed consensus, XXX (franchise) is excluded.



Reader comments

MC-View from Town Hall-3 (cropped).jpg
Manchester Cenotaph in front of the town hall

This Signpost "Featured content" report covers material promoted from 12 October through 17 November. Text may be adapted from the respective articles and lists; see their page histories for attribution.

Featured articles

32 featured articles were promoted.

1904 Guilden Morden boar drawing.png
Black and white drawing of the Guilden Morden boar
Fred 2015-08-31 1215Z.jpg
Hurricane Fred over the Cape Verde Islands on August 31
Bridport's action 1795.jpg
"An exact Representation of the Capture of three Ships of the Line, and total defeat of the French Fleet, by a Squadron under Command of Admiral Lord Bridport, on the 23 of June, 1795"
Rodrigues Rail.png
Frohawk's "rather fanciful" depiction of a Rodrigues rail
Tukwila Int'l Blvd Station - 01.jpg
Tukwila International Boulevard station and parking lot, viewed from Southcenter Boulevard
Achelousaurus dinosaur.png
Reconstruction of Achelousaurus
Boat Race 2017.JPG
Oxford leading Cambridge in the Boat Races 2017's main race
Alfred John Shout at Quinns Post.jpg
Alfred Shout at Quinn's Post, Gallipoli, 1915
Mells Somerset2.JPG
Mells War Memorial, at the junction between Selwood Street and Fairview, is a Grade II* listed structure.
Raymond Lionel Leane.jpeg
Raymond Leane, "the head of the most famous family of soldiers in Australian history"
CentoProbae.jpg
The first five lines of De laudibus Christi with a depiction of the author, Faltonia Betitia Proba, holding a scroll

Featured lists

24 featured lists were promoted.

LedZeppelinmontage.jpg
Led Zeppelin recorded 108 songs during their career

Featured pictures

10 featured pictures were promoted.

Cathedral (Siena) - Dome interior.jpg
Siena Cathedral – dome interior (created and nominated by LivioAndronico)



Reader comments

Wikimedia Research Newsletter Logo.png
A monthly overview of recent academic research about Wikipedia and other Wikimedia projects, edited jointly with the Wikimedia Research Committee and republished as the Wikimedia Research Newsletter.

Who wrote this? A new dataset tracks the provenance of English Wikipedia text over 15 years

Much of the existing Wikipedia research is based on the freely licensed datasets published by the Wikimedia Foundation: Content dumps, pageview numbers, Clickstream samples, etc. But some individual researchers are giving back too. An example for this is the TokTrack dataset, described in an accompanying paper[1] as

"a dataset that contains every instance of all tokens (≈ words) ever written in undeleted, non-redirect English Wikipedia articles until October 2016, in total 13,545,349,787 instances. Each token is annotated with (i) the article revision it was originally created in, and (ii) lists with all the revisions in which the token was ever deleted and (potentially) re-added and re-deleted from its article, enabling a complete and straightforward tracking of its history."

Tracking authorship and provenance of Wikipedia article text is by no means a new topic (see e.g. meta:Research:Content persistence). However, the paper's authors assert that their method provides much higher accuracy than earlier efforts such as Wikitrust. One of them, Fabian Flöck, has been studying this problem with other researchers for years (cf. our coverage from 2012 and 2014: "Precise and efficient attribution of authorship of revisioned content", "Better authorship detection, and measuring inequality", "New algorithm provides better revert detection"; the present dataset is generated by their "Wikiwho" algorithm, which also underlies a browser extension called "Whocolor").

What's more, the paper points out that "this data would be exceedingly hard to create by an average potential user" for the entire English Wikipedia due to the computational effort involved ("around 25 days on a dedicated Ubuntu Server [...] with 122 GB RAM and 20 cores"; for comparison, a community-created tool, "WikiBlame", which is linked from every revision history page on English Wikipedia, can take several minutes to find the provenance of an individual token in a single article).

After describing the dataset and the underlying methodology, the paper also briefly presents some insights that can be derived from it about the history of English Wikipedia. First, it looks at the number of added and surviving tokens over time, observing that

"the rapid growth in added tokens leveled off around the beginning of 2007, and transformed into a slight decline before recovering towards the middle of 2014. [...] the ratio of newly added content that was good or uncontentious enough to survive 48 hours exhibits a (mostly) continuous decrease from 2001 until 2007, coinciding with the change in total added content, then stabilizes and even begins to slightly climb again until recently."

It highlights "a surprising spike in Oct. 2002 (also in absolute additions)". Although not mentioned in the paper, this is very likely the effect of bot contributions by User:Ram-Man of US geographical content. Figure 2(b) in the paper also seems to indicate that more than half of these October 2002 additions were still live 14 years later.

Analyzing the "persisting" tokens (that had not been removed within 48 hours) by user group, the authors observe:

"While it seems that the addition of persisting tokens of unregistered editors has become comparably stable since 2006, it has not been keeping up by far with the enormous increase by registered editors, which make up for over 80% of all added surviving content for most months since 2007. In fact, a small group of registered users generates the vast majority of sustained content [...]. Bots showed an increased presence from mid-2007 until 2013, when, presumably by the migration of inter-language links to Wikidata, the demand for bot-created content dropped."

The remainder of the paper uses the dataset to study editing controversies. First, the authors define two measures of how controversial an article is, both yielding evolution, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and Bob Dylan (in that order) as the three most controversial articles as of October 2016 (based on the surviving content at that time only). They also find that "barneys" was the top most conflicted string token.

Lastly, they examine the frequency of edits that undo other edits partially or totally, where the token-based data enables a more sophisticated approach than simpler types of revert analysis. They find that

"in total, 61.51% of all edits included some kind of removal or reinsertion of content (i.e., 38.49% revisions purely added content), and in 14.62% of the revisions editors correct their own edits. 14.84% of all revisions fully undid another revision and 50.65% did so partially."

However, they caution that since "content added by one revision can over (a long) time be corroded by many small changes [...] 'revert' cannot per se be equated with antagonism here, as these numbers include the complete spectrum from minor corrections to full-on opinion clashes and vandal fighting."

Briefly

Conferences and events

See the research events page on Meta-wiki for upcoming conferences and events, including submission deadlines.

Other recent publications

Other recent publications that could not be covered in time for this issue include the items listed below. contributions are always welcome for reviewing or summarizing newly published research.

  • "Public artworks and the freedom of panorama controversy: a case of Wikimedia influence"[2] From the abstract: "Freedom of panorama, an exception to copyright law, is the legal right, in some countries, to publish pictures of artworks which are in public space. A controversy emerged at the time of the discussions towards the revision of the 2001 European Copyright Directive [...]. The article decrypts the legal framework and political implications of a topic which has been polarising copyright reform lobbyists, and analyses its development within the public debate since the XIXth century." From the paper: "The analysis of the media and the lobbying campaign reveal that the main actors of the debate are collecting societies, whose revenues would be affected should the exception become compulsory, or larger. The users’ side, the analysis finds, is mainly represented by Wikipedia, an organisation at the forefront of the campaign and therefore also of this paper. While other stakeholders of the online space are affected by this legal prerogative, neither social media platforms, nor the press, chose to join the campaign towards a new or broader exception."
  • "Analysing temporal evolution of interlingual Wikipedia article pairs"[3] From the abstract: "...we present MultiWiki online demo – a novel web-based user interface that provides an overview of the similarities and differences across the article pairs originating from different language editions on a timeline. MultiWiki enables users to observe the changes in the interlingual article similarity over time and to perform a detailed visual comparison of the article snapshots at a particular time point."
  • "A productive clash of perspectives? The interplay between articles’ and authors’ perspectives and their impact on Wikipedia edits in a controversial domain"[4] From the abstract: "We chose a corpus of articles in the German-language version of Wikipedia about alternative medicine as a representative controversial issue. We extracted edits made until March 2013 and categorized them using a supervised machine learning setup as either being pro conventional medicine, pro alternative medicine, or neutral."
  • "Glaring chemical errors persist for years on Wikipedia"[5] From the abstract: "Though Wikipedia does not require the vetting of submitted material, it is undoubtedly a major resource for the 21st century chemist. Unfortunately, many errors in chemical structure are present in Wikipedia chemistry articles. Even when these mistakes are discovered and reported, articles are sometimes subsequently left uncorrected. In order to be a more useful resource, particularly for undergraduate learning, Wikipedia depends on timely fact-checking and editing by the chemical community."
  • "Emotional content in Wikipedia articles on negative man-made and nature-made events"[6] From the abstract: "... we expected that Wikipedia articles on terrorist attacks contain more anger-related and less sadness-related content than articles on earthquakes. We analyzed newly created Wikipedia articles about the two events (Study 1) as well as more current versions of those Wikipedia articles after the events had already happened (Study 2). The results supported our expectations. Surprisingly, Wikipedia articles on those two events contained more emotional content than related Wikipedia talk pages."
  • "Powerful structure: inspecting infrastructures of information organization in Wikimedia Foundation projects"[7] From the abstract: "This dissertation ... analyzes the diverse strategies that members of Wikimedia Foundation (WMF) project communities use to organize information. Key findings from this dissertation show that conceptual structures of information organization are encoded into the infrastructure of WMF projects. [...]. I use three methods in this dissertation. I conduct a qualitative content analysis of the discussions surrounding the design, implementation and evaluation of the category system; a quantitative analysis using descriptive statistics of patterns of editing among editors who contributed to the code of templates for information boxes; and a close reading of the infrastructure used to create the category system, the infobox templates, and the knowledge base of structured data."
  • "Implementation and evaluation of a framework to calculate impact measures for Wikipedia authors"[8] From the abstract: " ...ranking Wikipedia authors by calculating impact measures based on the edit history can help to identify reputational users or harmful activity such as vandalism .... However, processing millions of edits on one system can take a long time. The author implements an open source framework to calculate such rankings in a distributed way (MapReduce) and evaluates its performance on various sized datasets."
  • "280 birds with one stone: inducing multilingual taxonomies from Wikipedia using character-level classification"[9] From the abstract: " Given an English taxonomy, our approach leverages the interlanguage links of Wikipedia followed by character-level classifiers to induce high-precision, high-coverage taxonomies in other languages. Through experiments, we demonstrate that our approach significantly outperforms the state-of-the-art, heuristics-heavy approaches for six languages. As a consequence of our work, we release presumably the largest and the most accurate multilingual taxonomic resource spanning over 280 languages."
  • "Estimating the quality of articles in Russian Wikipedia using the logical-linguistic model of fact extraction"[10]From the abstract: "We present the method of estimating the quality of articles in Russian Wikipedia that is based on counting the number of facts in the article. For calculating the number of facts we use our logical-linguistic model of fact extraction. [...] We experimentally compare the effect of the density of these types of facts on the quality of articles in Russian Wikipedia. Better articles tend to have a higher density of facts."

References

  1. ^ Flöck, Fabian; Erdogan, Kenan; Acosta, Maribel (2017-05-03). TokTrack: A Complete Token Provenance and Change Tracking Dataset for the English Wikipedia. Eleventh International AAAI Conference on Web and Social Media.
  2. ^ Rosnay, Mélanie Dulong de; Langlais, Pierre-Carl (2017-02-16). "Public artworks and the freedom of panorama controversy: a case of Wikimedia influence". Internet Policy Review. ISSN 2197-6775.
  3. ^ Gottschalk, Simon; Demidova, Elena (2016). Analysing temporal evolution of interlingual Wikipedia article pairs. SIGIR '16. New York, NY, USA: ACM. pp. 1089–1092. arXiv:1702.00716. doi:10.1145/2911451.2911472. ISBN 9781450340694., Online demo
  4. ^ Jirschitzka, Jens; Kimmerle, Joachim; Halatchliyski, Iassen; Hancke, Julia; Meurers, Detmar; Cress, Ulrike (2017-06-02). "A productive clash of perspectives? The interplay between articles' and authors' perspectives and their impact on Wikipedia edits in a controversial domain". PLOS ONE. 12 (6): –0178985. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0178985. ISSN 1932-6203.
  5. ^ Mandler, Michael D. (2017-01-26). "Glaring chemical errors persist for years on Wikipedia". Journal of Chemical Education. 94 (3): 271. doi:10.1021/acs.jchemed.6b00478. ISSN 0021-9584. (letter) closed access
  6. ^ Greving, Hannah; Oeberst, Aileen; Kimmerle, Joachim; Cress, Ulrike (2017-06-29). "Emotional content in Wikipedia articles on negative man-made and nature-made events". Journal of Language and Social Psychology. 37 (3): 0261927–17717568. doi:10.1177/0261927X17717568. ISSN 0261-927X. closed access
  7. ^ Thornton, Katherine (2017-02-14). "Powerful Structure: Inspecting Infrastructures of Information Organization in Wikimedia Foundation Projects". hdl:1773/38160. (dissertation)
  8. ^ Neef, Sebastian (2017-08-26). "Implementation and evaluation of a framework to calculate impact measures for Wikipedia authors". arXiv:1709.01142 [cs.DL].
  9. ^ Gupta, Amit; Lebret, Rémi; Harkous, Hamza; Aberer, Karl (2017-04-25). "280 Birds with one stone: inducing multilingual taxonomies from Wikipedia using character-level classification". arXiv:1704.07624 [cs.CL].
  10. ^ Khairova, Nina; Lewoniewski, Włodzimierz; Węcel, Krzysztof (2017-06-28). Estimating the quality of articles in Russian Wikipedia using the logical-linguistic model of fact extraction. International Conference on Business Information Systems. Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing. Springer, Cham. pp. 28–40. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-59336-4_3. ISBN 9783319593357. closed access



Reader comments

Museo ralco.JPG
A simmering activity that not arrive
Justin Bieber Miami Beach Police Department March 04, 2014.jpg
Not one of his better moments
Gray761.png
No. 12 is the Lemniscus.
Bernhard Plockhorst - Schutzengel.jpg
An experienced editor (from the order of the Enochian Angels) guiding new editors away from contentious talk page editing.
1920 tax forms IRS.jpg
Cabal of IRS agents using "shadowy techniques."
1axc tricolor.png
DNA created by mind control though it resembles a holiday decoration as well.
The man with the longest name.png
Not a rapper but the man with the longest name.

Preamble

Please assume that all this content was created and edited in good faith. There is no need to disparage the efforts of well-meaning contributors to the encyclopedia. And some editors do not have a full grasp of the English language. You can't read the following content without multiple question marks appearing over your head (assuming that you are a cartoon character) and we often take ourselves too seriously. Some readers may be appalled that such content exists for the whole world to see on their cell phones, but so it goes. Reading Wikipedia for its entertainment value is a hobby of some (author included) and for the rest of you, well, you just don't get it. See if you can guess the article.

Your clues

You'll never guess this one. Yet it is a distant relative of Umbral calculus which is described as "polynomial equations and certain shadowy techniques used to 'prove' them." Guess the name of the article and then click on the equation to see if you got the right answer.
  • The lateral vestibular nucleus (LVN; Deiter’s nucleus) has descending efferent fibers in the vestibulocochlear nerve distributed to the motor nuclei of the anterior column and exerts an excitatory influence on ipsilateral limb extensor motoneurons while suppressing flexor motoneurons. Guess this medical symptom.
  • In mathematics, the Federer–Morse theorem, introduced by Federer and Morse (1943), states that if f is a surjective continuous map from a compact metric space X to a compact metric space Y, then there is a Borel subset Z of X such that f restricted to Z is a bijection from Z to Y. Moreover, the inverse of that restriction is a Borel section of f. Guess the theorem.
  • Alto Bío Bío, differently than how it happens now, during centuries was marked for silence, or better said, a simmering activity that did not arrive to the ears of those in the valley. Where can you find this place?
  • According to Abulnaga (2004), the ? may use -( a) a very large eye diameter - (b) an inducer or having the impeller vanes extend into the suction pipe - (c) a recirculating pipe from the discharge side of the pump with pressurized froth to break up the bubbles at the eye - (d) tandem vanes at the impeller shroud - (e) split or secondary vanes at the shroud - (f) vertical arrangement,thus: the split vanes in a slurry pump must be thick enough to resist continuous wear.thus:
  • From then until married, Talyda make arrangements to Abortion Clinic owner to deliver a fetus that has been issued and stored, to be taken by Gambir who will put it inside the abdomen of the fetus of his pregnant statue, according to him, that's why his sculptures seems alive, because there is something that is supposed to live in it. What could be the name of this internationally famous Indonesian film?
  • but your acts as a samba school happened with the arrival of the innovative Paulo Barros, who in his first year he made a parade innovative and with an allegory about DNA during the time in which Paulo Barros was the school remained the same innovation, although by the judges, not being able to be champion. Where did this event take place?
  • When Yadav tributary kings by Wagle at sidhdes Temple (Shaka 99 1) bahala at saradadevi Temple (Shaka 1 9 44) and Patna in Chandika Devi Temple (Era of the establishment pre Kalina) Shake 1128 the temples yadavarava kheunacandra and govindaraja Maurya said Shaka 1150 Ashadhi 30 Solar Eclipse on parent Mr Sant mentioned in janardanacaritra memory is the memory of open lokadarsanastava. Where is this?
  • They were then rearranged slightly and corrected in the days following: 26 June through 2 July 1584; this arrangement corresponds to the majority of prayers inh Sloane MS. 3191 (The Book of Earthly Victory and Science) and is what is given in the published versions of that text, notably Geoffrey James' Enochian Evocation / Magick and Robert Turner's Elizabethan Magic. One of the illustrations is a clue
  • This signal can supposedly be recorded, transmitted electronically, and re-emitted on another distant pure water sample, where DNA can replicate through polymerase chain reaction despite the absence of the original DNA in the new water sample. What is this?
  • Where IAS 14 required companies to base their reported business segments on the information presented in their financial statement, IFRS 8 requires them to also base this segmentation on any distinction made between business segments by key management in their decision making and information that is used internally by the company. What the ...?
  • Abu Mohammad akthar abdul rafik sastan ibn Mohammad usthad ibn abdulla ibn Mohammad ibn hassan ali khan.madani (Arabic: ابومحمد اختارعبد الرفيق ساستان ابن محمد ابن عبد الله ابن محمد ابن حسن علي خان مدني )was preast in gundmi jumma masjid (1987 to 1992) and architect design department from 2004 at Saudi binladen group group of company and also Arabic teacher from 2008 at jeddah dawa center salam dist, was prasident karnata salafi association Saudi arabaia (2012–2014)life member of udupi alpa sankyathara vedike, karnataka state ssf founding member .aditor :subahan and almunir Kannada weekly, lived from (1970 CE / 1390 AH). Born: saligrama parampalli.karnataka India .eductation start : chitrapadi school saligrama, and gundmi prathamika shaale .. and uper studies :syed madani Arabic college ullala. Mashayikh: and Usthad . syed abdul rahman kunji koya thangal, shaik ahmed bawa musliyar, shaik sadr usthad vellimukh, shaik abdulla baithar musliyar, shaik abdulla musliyar velli mukk, shaik thayakod usthad, shaik ashraf moulavi, shaik muhsin al abbad jamia madina munavara, shaik wasiyulla abbasi jamia ummul kura makkathul mukaramah, Guess who?
  • Before flying him to Atlanta, Braun wanted to "build him up more on YouTube first" and had [him] record more home videos for the channel. "I said: 'Justin, sing like there’s no one in the room. But let's not use expensive cameras.' We'll give it to kids, let them do the work, so that they feel like it's theirs", recalled Braun. Guess who?

Attribution

Almost all content in this article is taken from the linked articles; see their page histories for attribution.



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