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The Cy Young Award is given annually to the best pitchers in Major League Baseball (MLB), one each for the American League (AL) and National League (NL). The award was first introduced in 1956 by Baseball Commissioner Ford Frick in honor of Hall of Fame pitcher Cy Young, who died in 1955. The award was originally given to the single best pitcher in the major leagues, but in 1967, after the retirement of Frick, the award was given to one pitcher in each league.[1][2]

Cy Young Award
Cy Young Award.jpg
The Cy Young Award
Given forMajor League Baseball's Best Regular Season Pitcher
CountryUnited States
Presented byBaseball Writers' Association of America
History
First award1956
Most recentMax Scherzer, National League
Corey Kluber, American League

Each league's award is voted on by members of the Baseball Writers' Association of America, with one representative from each team. As of the 2010 season, each voter places a vote for first, second, third, fourth and fifth place among the pitchers of each league. The formula used to calculate the final scores is a weighted sum of the votes.[A] The pitcher with the highest score in each league wins the award.[1] If two pitchers receive the same number of votes, the award is shared.[3] The current formula started in the 2010 season. Before that, dating back to 1970, writers voted for three pitchers, with the formula of 5 points for a first place vote, 3 for a second place vote and 1 for a third place vote. Prior to 1970, writers only voted for the best pitcher and used a formula of one point per vote.[1]

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Cy Young, for whom the award is named

The Cy Young Award was first introduced in 1956 by Commissioner of Baseball Ford C. Frick in honor of Hall of Fame pitcher Cy Young, who died in 1955.[1] The award would be given to pitchers only. Originally given to the single best pitcher in the major leagues, the award changed its format over time. From 1956 to 1966, the award was given to one pitcher in Major League Baseball. After Frick retired in 1967, William Eckert became the new Commissioner of Baseball. Due to fan requests, Eckert announced that the Cy Young Award would be given out both in the American League and the National League.[1] From 1956 to 1958, a pitcher was not allowed to win the award on more than one occasion; this rule was eliminated in 1959. After a tie in the 1969 voting for the Cy Young Award, the process was changed, in which each writer was to vote for three different pitchers: the first-place vote received five points, the second-place vote received three points, and the third-place vote received one point.[1]

The first recipient of the Cy Young Award was Don Newcombe of the Dodgers. In 1957, Warren Spahn became the first left-handed pitcher to win the award. In 1963, Sandy Koufax became the first pitcher to win the award in a unanimous vote; two years later he became the first multiple winner. In 1978, Gaylord Perry (age 40) became the oldest pitcher to receive the award, a record that stood until broken in 2004 by Roger Clemens (age 42).[1] The youngest recipient was Dwight Gooden (age 20 in 1985). In 2012, R.A. Dickey became the first knuckleball pitcher to win the award.[4]

In 1974, Mike Marshall won the award, becoming the first relief pitcher to win the award.[1] In 1992, Dennis Eckersley was the first modern closer (first player to be used almost exclusively in ninth-inning situations)[5][6][7] to win the award, and since then only one other relief pitcher has won the award, Éric Gagné in 2003 (also a closer). A total of nine relief pitchers have won the Cy Young Award across both leagues.[8]

Steve Carlton in 1982 became the first pitcher to win more than three Cy Young Awards, while Greg Maddux in 1994 became the first to win at least three in a row (and received a fourth straight the following year), a feat later repeated by Randy Johnson.[9]

WinnersEdit

Key
Year Each year is linked to an article about that Major League Baseball season.
ERA Earned run average
* Also named Most Valuable Player (11 occurrences as of 2017)
** Also named Rookie of the Year (1 occurrence as of 2017, by Fernando Valenzuela)
  Member of the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum (20 individuals as of 2015)

Major Leagues combined (1956–1966)Edit

 
Don Newcombe, the first winner
Year Pitcher Team Record[B] Saves[C] ERA K's
1956 Don Newcombe* Brooklyn Dodgers (NL) 27–7 0 3.06 139
1957 Warren Spahn  Milwaukee Braves (NL) 21–11 3 2.69 111
1958 Bob Turley New York Yankees (AL) 21–7 1 2.97 168
1959 Early Wynn  Chicago White Sox (AL) 22–10 0 3.17 179
1960 Vern Law Pittsburgh Pirates (NL) 20–9 0 3.08 120
1961 Whitey Ford  New York Yankees (AL) 25–4 0 3.21 209
1962 Don Drysdale  Los Angeles Dodgers (NL) 25–9 1 2.84 232
1963 Sandy Koufax*  Los Angeles Dodgers (NL) 25–5 0 1.88 306
1964 Dean Chance California Angels (AL) 20–9 4 1.65 207
1965 Sandy Koufax  Los Angeles Dodgers (NL) 26–8 2 2.04 382
1966 Sandy Koufax  Los Angeles Dodgers (NL) 27–9 0 1.73 317

National League (1967–present)Edit

From 1991–1998 Greg Maddux, Tom Glavine, and John Smoltz combined for seven NL Cy Young Awards during their time with the Atlanta Braves.
 
Roy Halladay, one of only six pitchers in baseball history to win the Cy Young in both leagues; in 2003 with the Toronto Blue Jays and in 2010 with the Philadelphia Phillies
 
Clayton Kershaw, three-time winner
 
Tim Lincecum won consecutively in his first two full seasons, an MLB Record
 
R.A. Dickey, the first knuckleball pitcher to win the award
Year Pitcher Team Record[B] Saves[C] ERA K's
1967 Mike McCormick San Francisco Giants 22–10 0 2.85 150
1968 Bob Gibson*  St. Louis Cardinals 22–9 0 1.12 268
1969 Tom Seaver  New York Mets 25–7 0 2.21 208
1970 Bob Gibson  St. Louis Cardinals 23–7 0 3.12 274
1971 Ferguson Jenkins  Chicago Cubs 24–13 0 2.77 263
1972 Steve Carlton  Philadelphia Phillies 27–10 0 1.98 310
1973 Tom Seaver  New York Mets 19–10 0 2.08 251
1974 Mike Marshall Los Angeles Dodgers 15–12 21 2.42 143
1975 Tom Seaver  New York Mets 22–9 0 2.38 243
1976 Randy Jones San Diego Padres 22–14 0 2.74 93
1977 Steve Carlton  Philadelphia Phillies 23–10 0 2.64 198
1978 Gaylord Perry  San Diego Padres 21–6 0 2.73 154
1979 Bruce Sutter  Chicago Cubs 6–6 37 2.22 110
1980 Steve Carlton  Philadelphia Phillies 24–9 0 2.34 286
1981 Fernando Valenzuela** Los Angeles Dodgers 13–7 0 2.48 180
1982 Steve Carlton  Philadelphia Phillies 23–11 0 3.11 286
1983 John Denny Philadelphia Phillies 19–6 0 2.37 139
1984 Rick Sutcliffe Chicago Cubs 16–1 0 2.69 155
1985 Dwight Gooden New York Mets 24–4 0 1.53 268
1986 Mike Scott Houston Astros 18–10 0 2.22 306
1987 Steve Bedrosian Philadelphia Phillies 5–3 40 2.83 74
1988 Orel Hershiser Los Angeles Dodgers 23–8 1 2.26 178
1989 Mark Davis San Diego Padres 4–3 44 1.85 92
1990 Doug Drabek Pittsburgh Pirates 22–6 0 2.76 131
1991 Tom Glavine  Atlanta Braves 20–11 0 2.55 192
1992 Greg Maddux  Chicago Cubs 20–11 0 2.18 199
1993 Greg Maddux  Atlanta Braves 20–10 0 2.36 197
1994 Greg Maddux  Atlanta Braves 16–6 0 1.56 156
1995 Greg Maddux  Atlanta Braves 19–2 0 1.63 181
1996 John Smoltz  Atlanta Braves 24–8 0 2.94 276
1997 Pedro Martínez  Montreal Expos 17–8 0 1.90 305
1998 Tom Glavine  Atlanta Braves 20–6 0 2.47 157
1999 Randy Johnson  Arizona Diamondbacks 17–9 0 2.49 364
2000 Randy Johnson  Arizona Diamondbacks 19–7 0 2.64 347
2001 Randy Johnson  Arizona Diamondbacks 21–6 0 2.49 372
2002 Randy Johnson  Arizona Diamondbacks 24–5 0 2.32 334
2003 Éric Gagné Los Angeles Dodgers 2–3 55 1.20 137
2004 Roger Clemens Houston Astros 18–4 0 2.98 218
2005 Chris Carpenter St. Louis Cardinals 21–5 0 2.83 213
2006 Brandon Webb Arizona Diamondbacks 16–8 0 3.10 178
2007 Jake Peavy San Diego Padres 19–6 0 2.54 240
2008 Tim Lincecum San Francisco Giants 18–5 0 2.62 265
2009 Tim Lincecum San Francisco Giants 15–7 0 2.48 261
2010 Roy Halladay Philadelphia Phillies 21–10 0 2.44 219
2011 Clayton Kershaw Los Angeles Dodgers 21–5 0 2.28 248
2012 R.A. Dickey New York Mets 20–6 0 2.73 230
2013 Clayton Kershaw Los Angeles Dodgers 16–9 0 1.83 232
2014 Clayton Kershaw* Los Angeles Dodgers 21–3 0 1.77 239
2015 Jake Arrieta Chicago Cubs 22–6 0 1.77 236
2016 Max Scherzer Washington Nationals 20–7 0 2.96 284
2017 Max Scherzer Washington Nationals 16–6 0 2.51 268

American League (1967–present)Edit

 
CC Sabathia, one-time winner
 
Pedro Martínez, three-time winner
 
Justin Verlander won the AL Cy Young, AL Pitching Triple Crown, and AL MVP in 2011.
 
Johan Santana, two-time winner
 
Zack Greinke, one-time winner
 
Corey Kluber, two-time winner
 
Max Scherzer, three-time winner
Year Pitcher Team Record[B] Saves[C] ERA K's
1967 Jim Lonborg Boston Red Sox 22–9 0 3.16 246
1968 Denny McLain* Detroit Tigers 31–6 0 1.96 280
1969 Mike Cuellar Baltimore Orioles 23–11 0 2.38 182
1969 Denny McLain Detroit Tigers 24–9 0 2.80 181
1970 Jim Perry Minnesota Twins 24–12 0 3.04 168
1971 Vida Blue* Oakland Athletics 24–8 0 1.82 301
1972 Gaylord Perry  Cleveland Indians 24–16 1 1.92 234
1973 Jim Palmer  Baltimore Orioles 22–9 1 2.40 168
1974 Catfish Hunter  Oakland Athletics 25–12 0 2.49 143
1975 Jim Palmer  Baltimore Orioles 23–11 1 2.09 193
1976 Jim Palmer  Baltimore Orioles 22–13 0 2.51 159
1977 Sparky Lyle New York Yankees 13–5 26 2.17 68
1978 Ron Guidry New York Yankees 25–3 0 1.74 248
1979 Mike Flanagan Baltimore Orioles 23–9 0 3.08 190
1980 Steve Stone Baltimore Orioles 25–7 0 3.23 149
1981 Rollie Fingers*  Milwaukee Brewers 6–3 28 1.04 61
1982 Pete Vuckovich Milwaukee Brewers 18–6 0 3.34 105
1983 LaMarr Hoyt Chicago White Sox 24–10 0 3.66 148
1984 Willie Hernández* Detroit Tigers 9–3 32 1.92 112
1985 Bret Saberhagen Kansas City Royals 20–6 0 2.87 158
1986 Roger Clemens* Boston Red Sox 24–4 0 2.48 238
1987 Roger Clemens Boston Red Sox 20–9 0 2.97 256
1988 Frank Viola Minnesota Twins 24–7 0 2.64 193
1989 Bret Saberhagen Kansas City Royals 23–6 0 2.16 193
1990 Bob Welch Oakland Athletics 27–6 0 2.95 127
1991 Roger Clemens Boston Red Sox 18–10 0 2.62 241
1992 Dennis Eckersley*  Oakland Athletics 7–1 51 1.91 93
1993 Jack McDowell Chicago White Sox 22–10 0 3.37 158
1994 David Cone Kansas City Royals 16–5 0 2.94 132
1995 Randy Johnson  Seattle Mariners 18–2 0 2.48 294
1996 Pat Hentgen Toronto Blue Jays 20–10 0 3.22 177
1997 Roger Clemens Toronto Blue Jays 21–7 0 2.05 292
1998 Roger Clemens Toronto Blue Jays 20–6 0 2.65 271
1999 Pedro Martínez  Boston Red Sox 23–4 0 2.07 313
2000 Pedro Martínez  Boston Red Sox 18–6 0 1.74 284
2001 Roger Clemens New York Yankees 20–3 0 3.51 213
2002 Barry Zito Oakland Athletics 23–5 0 2.75 182
2003 Roy Halladay Toronto Blue Jays 22–7 0 3.25 204
2004 Johan Santana Minnesota Twins 20–6 0 2.61 265
2005 Bartolo Colón Anaheim Angels 21–8 0 3.48 157
2006 Johan Santana Minnesota Twins 19–6 0 2.77 265
2007 CC Sabathia Cleveland Indians 19–7 0 3.21 209
2008 Cliff Lee Cleveland Indians 22–3 0 2.54 170
2009 Zack Greinke Kansas City Royals 16–8 0 2.16 242
2010 Félix Hernández Seattle Mariners 13–12 0 2.27 232
2011 Justin Verlander* Detroit Tigers 24–5 0 2.40 250
2012 David Price Tampa Bay Rays 20–5 0 2.56 205
2013 Max Scherzer Detroit Tigers 21–3 0 2.90 240
2014 Corey Kluber Cleveland Indians 18–9 0 2.44 269
2015 Dallas Keuchel Houston Astros 20–8 0 2.48 216
2016 Rick Porcello Boston Red Sox 22–4 0 3.15 189
2017 Corey Kluber Cleveland Indians 18-4 0 2.25 265

Multiple winnersEdit

 
With 7, Roger Clemens has the most Cy Young Awards.
 
Randy Johnson, five-time winner

Nineteen pitchers have won the award multiple times. Roger Clemens currently holds the record for the most awards won, with seven - his first and last wins separated by eighteen years. Greg Maddux (1992–1995) and Randy Johnson (1999–2002) share the record for the most consecutive awards won. Clemens, Johnson, Pedro Martínez, Gaylord Perry, Roy Halladay and Max Scherzer are the only pitchers to have won the award in both the American League and National League; Sandy Koufax is the only pitcher who won multiple awards during the period when only one award was presented for all of Major League Baseball. Roger Clemens was the youngest pitcher to win a second Cy Young Award, while Tim Lincecum is the youngest pitcher to do so in the National League and Clayton Kershaw is the youngest left-hander to do so. Clayton Kershaw is the youngest pitcher to win a third Cy Young Award.

Pitcher # of Awards Years
Roger Clemens 7 1986, 1987, 1991, 1997, 1998, 2001, 2004
Randy Johnson   5 1995, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002
Steve Carlton   4 1972, 1977, 1980, 1982
Greg Maddux   4 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995
Sandy Koufax   3 1963, 1965, 1966
Pedro Martínez   3 1997, 1999, 2000
Jim Palmer   3 1973, 1975, 1976
Tom Seaver   3 1969, 1973, 1975
Clayton Kershaw 3 2011, 2013, 2014
Max Scherzer 3 2013, 2016, 2017
Bob Gibson   2 1968, 1970
Tom Glavine   2 1991, 1998
Roy Halladay 2 2003, 2010
Corey Kluber 2 2014, 2017
Tim Lincecum 2 2008, 2009
Denny McLain 2 1968, 1969
Gaylord Perry   2 1972, 1978
Bret Saberhagen 2 1985, 1989
Johan Santana 2 2004, 2006

Wins by teamsEdit

Only four teams have never had a pitcher win the Cy Young Award. The Brooklyn/Los Angeles Dodgers have won more than any other team with 12.

Team # of Awards Years
Brooklyn/Los Angeles Dodgers 12 1956, 1962–1963, 1965–1966, 1974, 1981, 1988, 2003, 2011, 2013–2014
Milwaukee/Atlanta Braves 7 1957, 1991, 1993–1996, 1998
Philadelphia Phillies 7 1972, 1977, 1980, 1982–1983, 1987, 2010
Boston Red Sox 7 1967, 1986–1987, 1991, 1999–2000, 2016
Baltimore Orioles 6 1969, 1973, 1975–1976, 1979–1980
Arizona Diamondbacks 5 1999–2002, 2006
Detroit Tigers 5 1968–1969, 1984, 2011, 2013
New York Mets 5 1969, 1973, 1975, 1985, 2012
New York Yankees 5 1958, 1961, 1977–1978, 2001
Oakland Athletics 5 1971, 1974, 1990, 1992, 2002
Chicago Cubs 5 1971, 1979, 1984, 1992, 2015
Cleveland Indians 5 1972, 2007–2008, 2014, 2017
Kansas City Royals 4 1985, 1989, 1994, 2009
Minnesota Twins 4 1970, 1988, 2004, 2006
San Diego Padres 4 1976, 1978, 1989, 2007
Toronto Blue Jays 4 1996–1998, 2003
Chicago White Sox 3 1959, 1983, 1993
Houston Astros 3 1986, 2004, 2015
San Francisco Giants 3 1967, 2008–2009
St. Louis Cardinals 3 1968, 1970, 2005
Montreal Expos/Washington Nationals 3 1997, 2016–2017
Los Angeles Angels 2 1964, 2005
Milwaukee Brewers 2 1981–1982
Pittsburgh Pirates 2 1960, 1990
Seattle Mariners 2 1995, 2010
Tampa Bay Rays 1 2012
Cincinnati Reds 0 none
Colorado Rockies 0 none
Miami Marlins 0 none
Texas Rangers 0 none

Unanimous winnersEdit

There have been 17 players who unanimously won the Cy Young Award, for a total of 23 wins.

Five of these unanimous wins were accompanied with a win of the Most Valuable Player award (marked with * below; ** denotes that the player's unanimous win was accompanied with a unanimous win of the MVP).

In the National League, 11 players have unanimously won the Cy Young Award, for a total of 14 wins.

In the American League, 6 players have unanimously won the Cy Young Award, for a total of 9 wins.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  • A The formula is: Score = 7F + 4S + 3T + 2FO + 1 FI, where F is the number of first place votes, S is second place votes, T is third place votes, FO is fourth place votes and FI is fifth place votes.[1]
  • a b c See: Decision (baseball)
  • a b c In baseball, a save is credited to a pitcher who finishes a game for the winning team under certain prescribed circumstances. It became an official statistic in Major League Baseball in 1969.

ReferencesEdit

General
  • "Cy Young Award on Baseball Almanac". BaseballAlmanac.com. Retrieved October 2, 2008.
  • "Cy Young Award winners". Major League Baseball. Retrieved October 2, 2008.
  • "Most Valuable Player MVP Awards & Cy Young Awards Winners". Baseball-Reference. Retrieved October 9, 2011.
  • Cy Young Award Winners (American League). MSN. Archived from the original on October 31, 2009. Retrieved November 1, 2008.
  • "Cy Young Award voting results". Baseball Digest. 2004. Archived from the original on December 19, 2007. Retrieved November 1, 2008.
Specific
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Cy Young Award on Baseball Almanac". BaseballAlmanac.com. Retrieved October 22, 2008.
  2. ^ Cy Young Award Winners (American League). MSN. Archived from the original on October 31, 2009. Retrieved November 1, 2008.
  3. ^ "Cy Young Award voting results". Baseball Digest. 2004. Archived from the original on December 19, 2007. Retrieved November 1, 2008.
  4. ^ "R.A. Dickey wins NL Cy Young". ESPN. Retrieved November 15, 2012.
  5. ^ Zimniuch 2010, p.169
  6. ^ "MLB on Yahoo! Sports - News, Scores, Standings, Rumors, Fantasy Games". Yahoo Sports. Retrieved March 25, 2018.
  7. ^ Jenkins, Chris (September 25, 2006). "Where's the fire?". The San Diego Union-Tribune. Archived from the original on February 25, 2011.
  8. ^ Kepner, Tyler (October 1, 2016). "Zach Britton Is Perfectly Unorthodox Choice for Cy Young Award". Retrieved March 25, 2018 – via NYTimes.com.
  9. ^ "Chicago Cubs: This is not the Arrieta we were looking for". cubbiescrib.com. September 3, 2016. Retrieved March 25, 2018.