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The KBO League (KoreanKBO 리그),[1][2] originally called the Korea Baseball Championship (Korean한국야구선수권대회; Romanization: Hanguk Yagu Seonsukkwon Daehoe), is the highest level league of baseball in South Korea. The KBO League was founded with six franchises in 1982, and has expanded to ten franchises.[3] Nine of the ten franchises are named after the companies or business conglomerates which own them, while one sold their naming rights (Woori Heroes in 2008, Nexen Heroes from 2010 to 2018, and Kiwoom Heroes from 2019).[4] The KBO League is the most popular sports league in South Korea.[5] Kia Tigers (formerly Haitai Tigers) are the most successful team, having won 11 out of the 37 championships.

KBO League
Current season, competition or edition:
Current sports event 2019 KBO League season
KBO League.svg
SportBaseball
Founded1982
1981 (KBO founded)
FounderKorea Baseball Organization
No. of teams10
CountrySouth Korea
Venue(s)9
Most recent
champion(s)
SK Wyverns (4th title)
Most titlesKia Tigers (11 titles)
QualificationAsia Series (2005–2013)
TV partner(s)KBS, MBC, SBS, Sky Sports, SPOTV
Official websitekoreabaseball.com


Contents

HistoryEdit

The first game was played on March 27, 1982 between Samsung Lions and the MBC Chungyong (now the LG Twins) at Dongdaemun Baseball Stadium, Seoul. Then-president Chun Doo-hwan threw the first pitch.

The inaugural franchises were:

In 1985, the Sammi Superstars became known as the Cheongbo Pintos. The next year, 1986, saw some major changes, with the OB Bears moving from Daejeon to share the Seoul's Jamsil Baseball Stadium with MBC Chungyong in Seoul. A new franchise, the Binggrae Eagles, joined to replace vacancy of Daejeon by OB's moving and expanding the league to seven franchises. 1988 saw the Cheongbo Pintos change ownership again, becoming the Pacific Dolphins. In 1990, MBC Chungyong became the LG Twins and an eighth franchise was added, the Ssangbangwool Raiders who represented the Jeollabuk-do region.

There was little change in the 1990s except for a few major sponsors: in 1993 the Binggrae Eagles became the Hanwha Eagles, in 1995 the Pacific Dolphins became the Hyundai Unicorns and the OB Bears in 1999 became the Doosan Bears. Bigger changes were affected in 2000 when the Hyundai Unicorns moved from Incheon to Suwon, and a new franchise, the SK Wyverns took their place in Incheon. The Ssangbangwool Raiders became defunct. In 2001, the Haitai Tigers became the Kia Tigers.

In 2008, the Hyundai Unicorns franchise was disbanded, re-founded as the Woori Heroes and moved to Mok-dong in Seoul. In 2010, the team's naming rights were sold to Nexen Tire and the team was renamed Nexen Heroes, until the end of the 2018 season, when its naming rights were sold to Kiwoom Securities.

Expansion resumed in the 2010s, with the addition of the NC Dinos, located in Changwon, which joined the league in 2013. It is the first team located in Changwon, the city having previously been the second home of the nearby Lotte Giants.

In 2015, the KT Wiz became the league's tenth franchise. They play their home games in Suwon, which had not had a team since the Hyundai Unicorns' disbandment.

Several KBO players have also successfully transitioned from the KBO to the Major Leagues, such as Ryu Hyun-Jin, Kang Jung-Ho or Kim Hyun-soo.

Season structureEdit

Starting with the 2015 season, each team plays 144 games in the regular season, increased from 128 due to the addition of the KT Wiz to the league. Each team plays every other team 16 times.[6]

KBO All-Star GameEdit

In mid-July of every season, the best players participate in the KBO All-Star Game. The franchises participating are divided into two sets of teams: Dream All-Stars (Doosan, KT, Lotte, Samsung, and SK) and Nanum All-Stars (Kia, Hanwha, LG, NC and Kiwoom). The KBO All-star game does not determine home-field advantage in the KBO Korean Series.

PlayoffsEdit

The KBO League's season culminates in its championship series, known as the KBO Korean Series. Currently, the top five teams qualify for the post-season based on win/loss records. The lowest-qualifying teams face off in a step-ladder playoff system, where each winner then faces the next-highest team, culminating in the Korean Series against the top-ranked team.

  • KBO Wild Card Game: 5th place team vs. 4th place team.
4th place advances with one win, 5th place must win twice to advance.
  • KBO Semi Playoffs: KBO Wild Card Game Winner vs. 3rd place team
Best of five series.
  • KBO Playoffs: KBO Semi Playoffs Winner vs. 2nd place team
Best of five series (reduced from seven games since 2009).
  • KBO Korean Series: KBO Playoffs Winner vs. 1st place team
Best of seven series.

Any playoff games ending in an official tie are replayed, thereby raising the possibility of a close series containing more than the scheduled five or seven games.

RulesEdit

Traditionally, South Korean professional baseball games have a maximum number of extra innings before a game is declared an official tie. The KBO abolished this limit for the 2008 season, however it was reinstated in 2009, with a 12-innings limit imposed during regular season, 15-innings limit for playoff games.[7] The league places a cap on the number of foreign players allowed on club rosters. The foreign player limit is set at three, increased from two players from 2014.

All teams use the designated hitter rule.

TeamsEdit

Notes
  1. ^ The KBO have implemented dual league in 1999 and 2000. The leagues were named Dream League and Magic League.
  2. ^ Former Western League 1982–1998, 2001–2014
  3. ^ Former Eastern League 1982–1998, 2001–2014

Franchise locationsEdit

Locations are listed from north to south.

City 1982–1984 1985 1st half 1985 2nd half 1986–1987 1988–1989 1990–1993 1994–1995 1996–1998 1999 2000–2001 2002–2007 2008 2009 2010–2012 2013–2014 2015–2018 2019–present
Seoul MBC Chungyong, 1982–1989 LG Twins, 1989–present
  OB Bears, 1985–1998 Doosan Bears, 1999–present
  Woori Heroes, 2008 Heroes, 2009 Nexen Heroes, 2010–2018 Kiwoom Heroes, 2019–present
Incheon Sammi Superstars, 1982–1985 Chungbo Pintos, 1985–1987 Pacific Dolphins, 1988–1995 Hyundai Unicorns, 1996–1999  
  SK Wyverns, 2000–present
Suwon   Hyundai Unicorns, 2000–2007  
  KT Wiz, 2015–present
Daejeon OB Bears, 1982–1984  
  Binggrae Eagles, 1986–1993 Hanwha Eagles, 1993–present
Jeonju   Ssangbangwool Raiders, 1990–1999  
Daegu Samsung Lions, 1982–present
Gwangju Haitai Tigers, 1982–2001 Kia Tigers, 2002–present
Changwon   NC Dinos, 2013–present
Busan Lotte Giants, 1982–present

SponsorshipEdit

Period Sponsor Name
1982–1999 No sponsor Korea Professional Baseball
2000–2001 Samsung Securities Samsung Fn.com Cup Professional Baseball
2002–2004 Samsung Securities Cup Professional Baseball
2005–2008 Samsung Electronics Samsung PAVV Professional Baseball
2009–2010 CJ Internet CJ Magumagu Professional Baseball
2011 Lotte Card Lotte Card Professional Baseball
2012 Paldo Paldo Professional Baseball
2013–2014 Korea Yakult Korea Yakult 7even Professional Baseball
2015–2017 Tirebank Tirebank KBO League
2018– Shinhan Bank Shinhan Bank MY CAR KBO League

BallparksEdit

ChampionsEdit

Club Champions Runners-up Winning seasons Runners-up seasons
Kia Tigers
11
0
1983, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1991, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2009, 2017
Samsung Lions
8
10
1985, 2002, 2005, 2006, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014 1982, 1984, 1986, 1987, 1990, 1993, 2001, 2004, 2010, 2015
Doosan Bears
5
7
1982, 1995, 2001, 2015, 2016 2000, 2005, 2007, 2008, 2013, 2017, 2018
SK Wyverns
4
4
2007, 2008, 2010, 2018 2003, 2009, 2011, 2012
Hyundai Unicorns (defunct)
4
2
1998, 2000, 2003, 2004 1994, 1996
LG Twins
2
4
1990, 1994 1983, 1997, 1998, 2002
Lotte Giants
2
3
1984, 1992 1985, 1995, 1999
Hanwha Eagles
1
5
1999 1988, 1989, 1991, 1992, 2006
Kiwoom Heroes
0
1
2014
NC Dinos
0
1
2016

PostseasonsEdit

Legend
  • 1st – Champions
  • 2nd – Runners-up
  • PO – Playoff loser
  • SPO – Semi-playoff loser
  • WC – Wild card game loser
  •  -  – Did not qualify
  •      – Did not participate
Teams 1982 1983 1984 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Doosan 1st PO PO SPO 1st SPO PO 2nd
Hanwha 2nd 2nd SPO 2nd 2nd PO SPO 1st
Hyundai PO 2nd 2nd 1st 1st
Kia 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st PO 1st PO 1st SPO 1st 1st
Kiwoom
KT
LG 2nd 1st PO 1st PO 2nd 2nd PO
Lotte 1st SPO 1st 2nd 2nd SPO
NC
Samsung 2nd 2nd 2nd 2nd PO SPO 2nd PO SPO 2nd PO PO PO PO
SK
Ssangbangwool PO SPO
Number 2 2 2 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 3 4 4 4 4 5
Teams 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Total
Doosan 1st PO 2nd 2nd 2nd PO PO SPO 2nd 1st 1st 2nd 2nd 21
Hanwha SPO PO 2nd PO SPO 13
Hyundai PO SPO 1st 1st PO 10
Kia PO PO SPO SPO 1st SPO WC 1st WC 21
Kiwoom SPO 2nd SPO SPO PO 5
KT 0
LG 2nd PO PO PO 12
Lotte SPO SPO SPO PO PO SPO 12
NC SPO PO 2nd PO 4
Samsung 2nd 1st SPO 2nd 1st 1st SPO PO 2nd 1st 1st 1st 1st 2nd 28
SK 2nd SPO 1st 1st 2nd 1st 2nd 2nd WC WC 1st 11
Ssangbangwool 2
Number 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 139

Attendance figuresEdit

The league has recently enjoyed a surge in popularity, with increased attendance every year.

In 2016 season, A new national record of over 8 million attendance figures was set. There was massive increase of 1 million compared with previous season.[8]

The record was smashed again in 2017 season with over 8.4 million fans to their games during the regular season. Bears, Twins, Giants and Tigers all attracted over 1 million fans. The average game attendance was above 11,600 fans.[9]

This increase in popularity has been accompanied by the building of larger and more modern ballparks to further enhance the fan experience and their expenditures during games, such as Gwangju-Kia Champions Field (2014), Gocheok Sky Dome (2016), Daegu Samsung Lions Park (2016), and Changwon NC Park (2019).

AwardsEdit

See footnote[10] and Baseball awards#South Korea

Year-end regional tournamentEdit

Year Tournament Participants Round Position W L RS RA
  2005 2005 Asia Series Samsung Lions Final   2nd 2 2 17 17
  2006 2006 Asia Series Samsung Lions Group Stage   3rd 1 2 16 11
  2007 2007 Asia Series SK Wyverns Final   2nd 3 1 37 10
  2008 2008 Asia Series SK Wyverns Group Stage   3rd 2 1 23 13
  2009 KBO-NPB Club Championship 2009 Kia Tigers   Runner-up 0 1 4 9
  2010 KBO-NPB Club Championship 2010 SK Wyverns   Runner-up 0 1 0 3
  2010 CPBL-KBO Club Championship 2010   Winner (Shared) 1 1 7 5
  2011 2011 Asia Series Samsung Lions Final   1st 3 1 21 17
  2012 2012 Asia Series Samsung Lions Group Stage   3rd 1 1 9 3
Lotte Giants   Group Stage 4th 1 1 6 6
  2013 2013 Asia Series Samsung Lions Semifinals 4th 2 1 15 15
Total 16 13 155 109
  •   - Qualified as host.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The Korea Baseball Championship is the annual pennant race of first-tier professional baseball league in South Korea." Confirmed by Moon Jung-kyun, Public Relations Manager of Korea Baseball Organization. For further information, refer to the talk page of the Korean version article.
  2. ^ For the official name of the league, refer to following page: http://baseballinkorea.com/2015/03/01/kbo-brand-identity
  3. ^ "A Cheerleader Helping to Reinvigorate Pro Baseball". english.chosun.com.
  4. ^ "Korea and Baseball". koreatimes. 25 March 2009.
  5. ^ [2017 결산] 프로야구, 역대 최다 840만 관중..국민스포츠 공고 (in Korean). star.mt.co.kr. December 21, 2017. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
  6. ^ Korea Baseball Organization (2015). 2015 달라지는 점 Archived 2015-04-05 at the Wayback Machine (Korean). Accessed on April 14, 2015.
  7. ^ Kim Jae-Won (2009-01-13). KBO Abolishes Endless Overtime Rule. The Korea Times. Accessed on 2009-06-11.
  8. ^ "Korea pro baseball league KBO breaks nation's attendance record, surpasses 8 million". WBSC. 30 September 2016. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  9. ^ "KBO postseason opens in Korea, following 8.4 million regular-season attendance". WBSC. 7 October 2017. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  10. ^ Category:Korea Baseball Organization Awards. Baseball-Reference.com (Sports Reference LLC). Retrieved 2010-07-02.
  11. ^ KBO Most Valuable Player Award. Baseball-Reference.com (Sports Reference LLC). Retrieved 2010-07-02. See also: Chinese Professional Baseball League MVP of the Year Award and Nippon Professional Baseball Most Valuable Player Award.
  12. ^ KBO Rookie of the Year. Baseball-Reference.com (Sports Reference LLC). Retrieved 2010-07-02. See also: Chinese Professional Baseball League Rookie of the Year Award and Nippon Professional Baseball Rookie of the Year Award.
  13. ^ KBO Gold Gloves. Baseball-Reference.com (Sports Reference LLC). Retrieved 2010-07-02. See also: Nippon Professional Baseball Mitsui Golden Glove Award and Major League Baseball Gold Glove Award.
  14. ^ Korean Series Most Valuable Player Award. Baseball-Reference.com (Sports Reference LLC). Retrieved 2010-07-02. See also: Major League Baseball World Series MVP Award.
  15. ^ For the KBO League All-Star Game MVP, go to KBO Gold Gloves, scroll to the bottom, and click on All-Star Game MVP. Baseball-Reference.com (Sports Reference LLC). Retrieved 2016-10-13.

External linksEdit