South Carolina's 2nd congressional district

The 2nd Congressional District of South Carolina is a congressional district in central and southwestern South Carolina. The district spans from Columbia to the South Carolina side of the Augusta, Georgia metropolitan area.

South Carolina's 2nd congressional district
South Carolina US Congressional District 2 (since 2013).tif
South Carolina's 2nd congressional district – since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  Joe Wilson
RSpringdale
Population (2000)668,668
Median income$58,665[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+12[2]

From 1993 through 2012, it included all of Lexington, Jasper, Hampton, Allendale and Barnwell counties; most of Richland and Beaufort counties and parts of Aiken, Calhoun and Orangeburg counties.

It was made more compact in the 2010 round of redistricting, and now comprises all of Lexington, Aiken and Barnwell counties, most of Richland County, and part of Orangeburg County. Besides Columbia (60 percent of which is in the district), other major cities in the district include Aiken and North Augusta.

The district's current configuration dates from 1933, following South Carolina losing a seat in apportionment as a result of the 1930 Census showing that the state's population had declined. Before that time, much of its territory had been within the 6th district.

As a Columbia-based district from 1933 to the early 1990s, it was a fairly compact district in the central part of the state, which was largely coextensive with the Columbia metropolitan area. As a result of the 1990 census, the state legislature was required to draw a black-majority district. In a deal between Republicans and Democrats, the 6th District, previously located in the northeastern portion of the state, was redefined to incorporate most of the old 2nd's black residents. To make up for the loss in population, the 2nd was pushed as far west as the fringes of the Augusta suburbs and as far south as Beaufort/Hilton Head.

Since 1965 the 2nd district has been held by the Republican Party, made up of white conservatives in the late 20th-century realignment of political parties in the South. In the decades after the Civil War and before disenfranchisement in 1895 under the new state constitution, members of the Republican Party in South Carolina and the South were mostly African Americans, including many freedmen enfranchised due to Republican support for amendments for emancipation, citizenship and the franchise. After white Democrats regained control of state governments across the South, in the late 19th century, they passed new constitutions from 1890 to 1908 to disenfranchise blacks, excluding them totally from the political process. The Republican Party was crippled in the region and nearly comatose.

As a result of the Civil Rights Movement, Congress passed the Voting Rights Act of 1965, which provided for federal enforcement of blacks' constitutional rights. That year, the 2nd district's second-term Democratic congressman, Albert Watson, resigned, then ran as a Republican in the ensuing special election and won, becoming the first Republican to represent South Carolina in the House since Reconstruction.

Watson gave up the seat to run for governor in 1970. His successor, state senator Floyd Spence, held the seat for more than 30 years. He was chairman of the House Armed Services Committee from 1995 to 2001, and died a few months after being elected to a 16th term. He was succeeded in a special election by one of his former aides, state senator Joe Wilson.

Wilson has since been reelected seven times. In the most recent election, held on November 4, 2014, Wilson earned almost 62.5% of the vote against former Democrat Phil Black and Labor Party candidate Harold Geddings. The district is more than 69% white.

Election results from presidential racesEdit

Year Result
2004 George W. Bush 60 - 39%
2008 John McCain 59.5 - 39.4%
2012 Mitt Romney 59.1 - 39.4%
2016 Donald Trump 56.3 - 38.6%

List of members representing the districtEdit

Member Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history District location
 
Aedanus Burke
Anti-Administration March 4, 1789 –
March 3, 1791
1st Elected in 1788.
Retired.
1789–1793:
"Beaufort-Orangeburg district"
 
South Carolina Congressional Districts, 1789–1793
  1st District, Charleston
  2nd District, Beaufort-Orangeburg
  3rd District, Georgetown-Cheraw
  4th District, Camden
  5th District, Ninety-Six
Robert Barnwell Pro-Administration March 4, 1791 –
March 3, 1793
2nd Elected in 1790.
[Data unknown/missing]
John Hunter Anti-Administration March 4, 1793 –
March 3, 1795
3rd Elected in 1793.
Moved to the 5th district and lost re-election.
1793–1797:
"Beaufort-Orangeburg district"
(Map unknown)
 
Wade Hampton
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1795 –
March 3, 1797
4th Elected January 19–20, 1795 to finish the term of member-elect Robert Barnwell, who had declined to serve.
Retired.
John Rutledge Jr. Federalist March 4, 1797 –
March 3, 1803
5th
6th
7th
Elected in 1796.
Re-elected in 1798.
Re-elected in 1800.
Lost re-election.
1797–1803:
"Beaufort district"
 
1796 election results by district
William Butler Democratic-Republican March 4, 1803 –
March 3, 1813
8th
9th
10th
11th
12th
Redistricted from the 5th district and re-elected in 1803.
Re-elected in 1804.
Re-elected in 1806.
Re-elected in 1808.
Re-elected in 1810.
[Data unknown/missing]
1803–1813:
"Beaufort and Edgefield district"
 
William Lowndes
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1813 –
May 8, 1822
13th
14th
15th
16th
17th
Redistricted from the 4th district and re-elected in 1812.
Re-elected in 1814.
Re-elected in 1816.
Re-elected in 1818.
Re-elected in 1820.
Resigned.
1813–1833:
"Beaufort district"
Vacant May 8, 1822 –
December 13, 1822
 
James Hamilton Jr.
Democratic-Republican December 13, 1822 –
March 3, 1823
17th
18th
19th
20th
Elected to finish Lowndes's term.
Re-elected in 1823.
Re-elected in 1824.
Re-elected in 1826.
Retired.
Jacksonian Democratic-Republican March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
Jackson March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1829
 
Robert W. Barnwell
Jackson March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1831
21st
22nd
Elected in 1828.
[Data unknown/missing]
Nullifier March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833
 
William J. Grayson
Nullifier March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1837
23rd
24th
[Data unknown/missing] 1833–1843:
[Data unknown/missing]
 
Robert Rhett
Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1843
25th
26th
27th
[Data unknown/missing]
Redistricted to the 7th district.
Richard F. Simpson Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1849
28th
29th
30th
[Data unknown/missing] 1843–1853:
[Data unknown/missing]
 
James L. Orr
Democratic March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1853
31st
32nd
[Data unknown/missing]
Redistricted to the 5th district.
 
William Aiken Jr.
Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1857
33rd
34th
Redistricted from the 6th district.
[Data unknown/missing]
 
William P. Miles
Democratic March 4, 1857 –
December 24, 1860
35th
36th
[Data unknown/missing]
Retired.
Vacant December 24, 1860 –
July 20, 1868
Civil War and Reconstruction
 
Christopher C. Bowen
Republican July 20, 1868 –
March 3, 1871
40th
41st
[Data unknown/missing]
 
Robert C. De Large
Republican March 4, 1871 –
January 24, 1873
42nd Seat declared vacant.
 
Alonzo J. Ransier
Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
43rd [Data unknown/missing] 1873–1883:
[Data unknown/missing]
 
Edmund W.M. Mackey
Independent Republican March 4, 1875 –
July 19, 1876
44th Seat declared vacant.
Charles W. Buttz Republican November 7, 1876 –
March 3, 1877
44th [Data unknown/missing]
 
Richard H. Cain
Republican March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1879
45th [Data unknown/missing]
 
Michael P. O'Connor
Democratic March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1881
46th contested election at end of term
 
Samuel Dibble
Democratic June 9, 1881 –
May 31, 1882
47th lost contested election
 
Edmund W.M. Mackey
Republican May 31, 1882 –
March 3, 1883
47th [Data unknown/missing]
Redistricted to the 7th district.
 
George D. Tillman
Democratic March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1893
48th
49th
50th
51st
52nd
[Data unknown/missing] 1883–1893:
[Data unknown/missing]
 
W. Jasper Talbert
Democratic March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1903
53rd
54th
55th
56th
57th
[Data unknown/missing] 1893–1903:
[Data unknown/missing]
 
George W. Croft
Democratic March 4, 1903 –
March 10, 1904
58th [Data unknown/missing]
Died.
1903–1913:
[Data unknown/missing]
Vacant March 10, 1904 –
May 17, 1904
Theodore G. Croft Democratic May 17, 1904 –
March 3, 1905
58th [Data unknown/missing]
 
James O'H. Patterson
Democratic March 4, 1905 –
March 3, 1911
59th
60th
61st
[Data unknown/missing]
 
James F. Byrnes
Democratic March 4, 1911 –
March 3, 1925
62nd
63rd
64th
65th
66th
67th
68th
[Data unknown/missing]
1913–1933:
Aiken, Bamberg, Barnwell, Beaufort, Edgefield, Hampton, Jasper, and Saluda Counties[3]
 
Butler B. Hare
Democratic March 4, 1925 –
March 3, 1933
69th
70th
71st
72nd
[Data unknown/missing]
 
Hampton Fulmer
Democratic March 4, 1933 –
October 19, 1944
73rd
74th
75th
76th
77th
78th
Redistricted from the 7th district.
Died.
1933–1943:
[Data unknown/missing]
1943–1953:
[Data unknown/missing]
Vacant October 19, 1944 –
November 7, 1944
 
Willa L. Fulmer
Democratic November 7, 1944 –
January 3, 1945
78th [Data unknown/missing]
 
John J. Riley
Democratic January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1949
79th
80th
[Data unknown/missing]
 
Hugo S. Sims Jr.
Democratic January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1951
81st [Data unknown/missing]
 
John J. Riley
Democratic January 3, 1951 –
January 1, 1962
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
[Data unknown/missing]
Died.
1953–1963:
[Data unknown/missing]
Vacant January 1, 1962 –
April 10, 1962
 
Corinne Boyd Riley
Democratic April 10, 1962 –
January 3, 1963
87th [Data unknown/missing]
 
Albert Watson
Democratic January 3, 1963 –
February 1, 1965
88th
89th
[Data unknown/missing]
Resigned.
1963–1973:
[Data unknown/missing]
Vacant February 1, 1965 –
June 15, 1965
 
Albert Watson
Republican June 15, 1965 –
January 3, 1971
89th
90th
91st
Re-elected to finish his term as a Republican
 
Floyd Spence
Republican January 3, 1971 –
August 16, 2001
92nd
93rd
94th
95th
96th
97th
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
[Data unknown/missing]
Died.
1973–1983:
[Data unknown/missing]
1983–1993:
[Data unknown/missing]
1993–2003:
[Data unknown/missing]
Vacant August 16, 2001 –
December 18, 2001
 
Joe Wilson
Republican December 18, 2001 –
present
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
113th
114th
115th
116th
Elected to finish Spence's term.
Re-elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Re-elected in 2010.
Re-elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.
Re-elected in 2018.
2003–2013:[4]
2013 – present:
Member Party Years Electoral history District location

Living former membersEdit

As of October 2019, there are no living former members of the House from the district. The most recent representative to die was Hugo S. Sims Jr. (served 1949–1951) on July 9, 2004. The most recently serving representative to die was Floyd Spence (served 1971–2001), who died in office on August 16, 2001.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=45&cd=02
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  3. ^ "South Carolina". Official congressional directory. p. 104.
  4. ^ "The national atlas". nationalatlas.gov. Archived from the original on February 22, 2014. Retrieved February 22, 2014.

Coordinates: 33°26′N 81°18′W / 33.43°N 81.30°W / 33.43; -81.30