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The Florida Portal

Florida (/ˈflɔːrɪdə/ (About this soundlisten), Spanish pronunciation: [floˈɾi.ða]) is the southernmost contiguous state in the United States. The state is bordered to the west by the Gulf of Mexico, to the northwest by Alabama, to the north by Georgia, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, and to the south by the Straits of Florida. Florida is the 22nd-most extensive (65,755 sq mi or 170,300 km2), the 3rd-most populous (21,312,211 inhabitants), and the 8th-most densely populated (384.3/sq mi or 148.4/km2) of the U.S. states. Jacksonville is the most populous municipality in the state and the largest city by area in the contiguous United States. The Miami metropolitan area is Florida's most populous urban area. Tallahassee is the state's capital.

Florida's $1.0 trillion economy is the fourth largest in the United States. If it were a country, Florida would be the 16th largest economy in the world, and the 58th most populous . In 2017, Florida's per capita personal income was $47,684, ranking 26th in the nation. The unemployment rate in September 2018 was 3.5% and ranked as the 18th in the United States. Florida exports nearly $55 billion in goods made in the state, the 8th highest among all states. The Miami Metropolitan Area is by far the largest urban economy in Florida and the 12th largest in the United States with a GDP of $345 billion . This is more than twice the number of the next metro area, the Tampa Bay Area, which has a GDP of $145 billion. Florida is home to 51 of the world's billionaires with most of them residing in South Florida.

The first European contact was made in 1513 by Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León, who called it la Florida ([la floˈɾiða] "the land of flowers") upon landing there in the Easter season, known in Spanish as Pascua Florida. Florida was a challenge for the European colonial powers before it gained statehood in the United States in 1845. It was a principal location of the Seminole Wars against the Native Americans, and racial segregation after the American Civil War.

Today, Florida is distinctive for its large Cuban expatriate community and high population growth, as well as for its increasing environmental issues. The state's economy relies mainly on tourism, agriculture, and transportation, which developed in the late 19th century. Florida is also renowned for amusement parks, orange crops, winter vegetables, the Kennedy Space Center, and as a popular destination for retirees. Florida is the flattest state in the United States. Lake Okeechobee is the largest freshwater lake in Florida.

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Surface weather analysis of the storm nearing Puerto Rico

The Okeechobee hurricane of 1928, also known as the San Felipe Segundo hurricane, was one of the deadliest hurricanes in the recorded history of the North Atlantic basin; it was the fourth tropical cyclone, third hurricane, and only major hurricane of that year's hurricane season. It developed off the west coast of Africa on September 6 as a tropical depression, but it strengthened into a tropical storm later that day, shortly before passing south of the Cape Verde islands. Further intensification was slow and halted late on September 7. About 48 hours later, the storm strengthened and became a Category 1 hurricane on the Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale. Still moving westward, the system reached Category 4 intensity before striking Guadeloupe on September 12, where it brought great destruction and resulted in 1,200 deaths. The islands of Martinique, Montserrat, and Nevis also reported damage and fatalities, but not nearly as severe as in Guadeloupe.

Around midday on September 13, the storm strengthened into a Category 5 hurricane and peaked with sustained winds of 160 mph (260 km/h). About six hours later, the system made landfall in Puerto Rico; it remains the only tropical cyclone on record to strike the island at Category 5 intensity, as of 2019. Very strong winds resulted in severe damage in Puerto Rico; 24,728 homes were destroyed and 192,444 were damaged throughout the island, leaving over 500,000 people homeless. Heavy rainfall also led to extreme damage to vegetation and agriculture. On Puerto Rico alone, there were 312 deaths and about $50 million USD ($730 million today) in damage. While crossing the island and emerging into the Atlantic, the storm weakened slightly, falling to Category 4 intensity. It began crossing through the Bahamas on September 16, where it resulted in 18 fatalities. Read more...

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Jerry Seinfeld at the Emmy Awards
My parents didn't want to move to Florida, but they turned sixty and that's the law

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Bowden pictured in 2007

Robert Cleckler Bowden (born November 8, 1929) is a retired American football coach. Bowden is best known for coaching the Florida State Seminoles football team from the 1976 to 2009 seasons.

During his time at Florida State, Bowden led FSU to an Associated Press and Coaches Poll National Title in 1993 and a BCS National Championship in 1999, as well as twelve Atlantic Coast Conference championships since FSU joined the conference in 1991. After a difficult 2009 season and amid questioning fans, Bowden was fired by President T.K. Wetherell, just weeks after his 80th birthday. He was allowed to make his final coaching appearance in the 2010 Gator Bowl game on January 1, 2010, with a 33–21 victory over his former program, West Virginia. Read more...

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Current events

November 1, 2019 –
A Grumman OV-1 Mohawk crashes at an air show in Stuart, Florida, killing the pilot. (WPTV-TV)
October 23, 2019 – Stoneman Douglas High School shooting, Fort Lauderdale airport shooting
In a special session of the Florida Senate, the chamber voted 25–15 to uphold the suspension of former Broward Sheriff Scott Israel for his agency's response to the mass shootings at both Ft. Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport and Parkland. (WPLG)
October 22, 2019 – Florida International University pedestrian bridge collapse
The National Transportation Safety Board of the United States concludes its investigation into the accident, which killed six and injured ten. It states design errors were the immediate cause, exacerbated by failures to take appropriate remedial action when cracks were discovered. (USA Today)
October 10, 2019 –
Michael Drejka, a 47-year-old white Florida man who shot and killed Markeis McGlockton, an unarmed 28-year-old African American man, in a parking space dispute, is sentenced to 20 years in prison. Drejka had cited Florida's stand-your-ground law in his defense and was not initially charged until the case was handed over to State Attorney Bernie McCabe, who charged Drejka with one count of manslaughter. (ABC News)
October 4, 2019 –
A woman in Florida is arrested and charged with explosives offences after a police raid on her home finds 24 pipe bombs and bomb-making material and several other weapons. She admits constructing the devices to harm people. Police were notified of the problem by the 27-year-old's parents. (CNN)
August 28, 2019 – Hurricane Dorian
Florida Governor Ron DeSantis declares a state of emergency in anticipation of Hurricane Dorian, which is expected to make landfall in the state within days. (WOFL) (The New York Times)

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The following are images from various Florida-related articles on Wikipedia.

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1910 Cuba hurricane1928 Okeechobee hurricane2012 Budweiser ShootoutAmerican white ibisAndrew SleddBiscayne National ParkDraining and development of the EvergladesEverglades National ParkFlorida Atlantic UniversityGeography and ecology of the EvergladesGregor MacGregorGuy BradleyHogwarts Express (Universal Orlando Resort)Hurricane AndrewIndigenous people of the Everglades regionJohn F. BoltMarjory Stoneman DouglasRestoration of the EvergladesRoman Catholic Archdiocese of MiamiRosewood massacreSci-Fi Dine-In Theater RestaurantSt. Johns RiverStephen CraneTurning Point (2008 wrestling)USS Massachusetts (BB-2)Walt Disney World RailroadWilliam Cooley

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List of Florida hurricanesList of Tampa Bay Rays seasonsList of University of Central Florida alumniList of birds of FloridaList of counties in FloridaList of governors of FloridaList of invasive species in the EvergladesList of mammals of FloridaList of municipalities in FloridaList of sister cities in FloridaSnow in Florida

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1898 Georgia hurricane1928 Florida Gators football team1976 Tampa Bay Buccaneers season1979 Tampa Bay Buccaneers season1986 Tampa Bay Buccaneers season1987 Gulf Coast tropical storm1987 Tampa Bay Buccaneers season1989 Florida's 18th congressional district special election1998 Pepsi 4002003 Budweiser Shootout2005 TNA Super X Cup Tournament2006 Daytona 5002006 Ford 4002008 TNA World X Cup Tournament2009 Budweiser Shootout2009 Ford 4002010 Cafés do Brasil Indy 3002010 Ford 4002011 Budweiser Shootout2011 Daytona 5002011 Gatorade Duels2012 Daytona 5002012 Gatorade DuelsAgainst All Odds (2005)Albert A. MurphreeAndy HansenApalachee massacreApollo 1Ashlyn HarrisBattle of Flint RiverBob TurleyBomisBound for Glory (2005)Burger KingBurger King franchisesBurger King legal issuesBurger King productsCaroline Street (Key West)Casey Donovan (actor)Catie BallChad MottolaChicago Options AssociatesChuck Baldwin 2008 presidential campaignClimate of FloridaClimate of the Tampa Bay areaCobra's CurseColonial PlazaCool Hand LukeCoral Springs, FloridaDanny Valencia

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Did You Know? Did you know? articles

WGAG-FM (2019-09-29)Maggy Hurchalla (2019-09-22)History of West Palm Beach, Florida (2019-08-24)Stony coral tissue loss disease (2019-07-27)Mike Gioulakis (2019-04-20)Florida shuffle (2019-04-09)Marjorie Paxson (2019-04-05)Wayne Messam (2019-03-15)2003 Budweiser Shootout (2019-03-05)Gaspar Jiménez (2019-02-24)Emilio Milián (2019-02-24)Steve Swindal (2019-02-15)2018 Florida Amendment 4 (2019-02-09)Steinbrenner family (2019-02-02)Reticulated siren (2018-12-24)Agnes Ballard (2018-12-15)Debbie Mucarsel-Powell (2018-12-12)Tallahassee shooting (2018-12-09)Mako (SeaWorld Orlando) (2018-10-04)Colonial Plaza (2018-10-03)Ybor Stadium (2018-09-06)Loxahatchee Groves, Florida (2018-08-02)Bradenton Riverwalk (2018-05-10)Tyler Kinley (2018-04-29)1989 Florida's 18th congressional district special election (2018-04-21)Murder of Harry and Harriette Moore (2018-04-02)Nancy Marcus (2018-03-18)Savannah Jordan (2018-02-03)Ochlockonee River State Park (2018-01-19)Marvin Pipkin (2018-01-19)Orchard Pond Parkway (2018-01-15)Loggerhead Key (2017-10-18)Reid Moore Jr. (2017-09-12)John W. Martin (2017-08-22)Disappearance of Tiffany Daniels (2017-08-12)Frank J. Canova (2017-07-20)Tomahawk chop (2017-06-04)The Visionary (2017-05-30)1966 Miami Dolphins season (2017-05-28)Maurice S. Osser (2017-05-15)Monument of States (2017-04-10)Detachment Hotel (2017-03-07)Henry L. Reaves (2017-02-16)2000 Miami Dolphins season (2017-02-15)Walt Disney World Railroad (2017-01-27)Merian C. Cooper (2016-12-08)Stephanie Murphy (2016-12-06)Wink Groover (2016-11-29)Ecology Party of Florida (2016-11-10)1970 United States Senate election in Florida (2016-11-04)

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Skyline of West Palm Beach
Credit: Andyxox

West Palm Beach, also known as West Palm, is the most populous city in Palm Beach County, Florida, USA. The city is also the oldest incorporated municipality in South Florida. According to the University of Florida's 2006 estimates, the city had a population of 107,617. West Palm has a much larger unincorporated population estimated at upwards of 250,000.

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Sources

  1. ^ "Cuba's most famous food isn't even from Cuba — or Miami". Matador Network.
  2. ^ "Viva La Cuban Sandwich!". Farmers’ Almanac. March 20, 2015.