Busch Gardens Tampa
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Busch Gardens Tampa (formerly known as Busch Gardens Africa and Busch Gardens: The Dark Continent) is a 335-acre (136 ha) African-themed animal theme park located in the city of Tampa, Florida. Busch Gardens Tampa is owned and operated by SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment and is the 2nd largest park in terms of attendance behind SeaWorld Orlando. The park officially features nine roller coasters and two water rides amongst other rides and animal attractions. On April 19th, 2019, Busch Gardens opened its newest roller coaster, a Skyrocket II named Tigris.
Busch Gardens Tampa Bay logo
|Slogan||Born for Busch Gardens|
|Location||Tampa, Florida, U.S.|
|Operated by||SeaWorld Entertainment|
|Opened||March 31, 1959|
|Visitors per annum||3,961,000 (2017)|
|Area||335 acres (136 ha)|
(365 acres (148 ha)) total including Adventure Island (30 acres (12 ha))
|Total||20+ (as of 2017)|
Alongside sister waterpark Adventure Island (30-acre (12 ha)), Busch Gardens is the anchor of Tampa's 365-acre (148 ha) amusement multiplex. Currently Busch Gardens competes with other such parks in Florida and charges comparable fees. Busch Gardens is currently accredited by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA). In 2015, the park hosted 4.2 million people, placing 11th as the most-visited theme parks in the United States.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (May 2017)
Busch Gardens Tampa opened on March 31, 1959 as an admission-free hospitality facility for Tampa Anheuser-Busch; in addition to various beer tastings, they had a bird garden and the "Stairway to the Stars", which was an escalator that took guests to the roof of the brewery.
Busch Gardens continued to grow and, in 1965, opened the 29-acre (12 ha) Serengeti Plains, which allowed the African wildlife to roam freely. It continued to focus on its tropical landscape, exotic animals, and amusements to draw visitors. Busch Gardens began charging admission as the entertainment became more complex, with extra fees for the thrill rides, such as the roller coasters for which Busch Gardens is now known.
Themed areas and attractionsEdit
- The 3 ft (914 mm) narrow-gauge The Serengeti Express (a steam train) runs along the back end of the park and makes stops at the Nairobi, Congo and Stanleyville themed areas. The train track was recently renovated, and its tracks have been changed.
- The Skyride transports guests between Egypt and Stanleyville.
The park's main entrance. Treats can be purchased at the Sultan's Sweets and the Zagora Cafe. The Moroccan Palace is located here, as well as the outdoor Marrakesh Theater. Gwazi was the major ride in this area.
- Gwazi Gliders, a small hang glider flat ride relocated from the Congo section's defunct Pygmy Village kids area.
- Myombe Reserve, a 3-acre (12,000 m2) home for six lowland gorillas and nine chimpanzees located in Nairobi, opened in 1992.
- Moroccan Palace, A palace themed theater nearby Myombe Reserve chimpanzee entrance. It is home for Busch Gardens's newly award winning ice skating show, Turn It Up! The Hottest Show On Ice.
- Unknown 2020 Hybrid Roller Coaster, In 2019, Busch Gardens Tampa announced that a new hybrid coaster would be built on the space where Gwazi once stood. It will is currently being built by world famous roller coaster manufacturer Rocky Mountain Construction. When completed, it will be North America's tallest hybrid coaster and the fastest and steepest hybrid roller coaster of its kind.
Sesame Street Safari of FunEdit
Former "Land of the Dragons" children's section of the park. Land of the Dragons, which itself replaced the Dwarf Village in 1995, was replaced by Sesame Street Safari of Fun on March 27, 2010. It contains all the attractions from Land of the Dragons which are now re-themed. It also contains four new attractions.
- Telly's Jungle Jam, an interactive play area.
- Rosita's Djembe Fly-Away, a swing ride.
- Bert & Ernie's Watering hole, a water play area.
- Air Grover, a children's roller coaster. The area also houses a Komodo dragon exhibit.
This section of the park is home to the park's water rides and SheiKra, which was the first and only Dive Coaster in the United States until the addition of Griffon at the sister park Busch Gardens Williamsburg. The section opened up in 1973 with the addition of the Stanley Falls Flume. The African Queen Boat Ride opened in 1977 as Busch's version of Disney's Jungle Cruise. The African Queen featured live animals, including alligators, crocodiles, rhinoceroses and spider monkeys. A colorful South American macaw rode on each boat as a first mate. There was also a cast member, dressed in African warrior regalia, who surprised each boat as it passed through a riverside village. The warrior was featured in television ads for the park in the early 1980s. In 1989, the African Queen Boat Ride was transformed into Tanganyika Tidal Wave with the addition of a 55-foot (17 m) drop that generates a giant splash. The section remained unchanged from then until 2005, when SheiKra opened, and the surrounding area was renovated.
- SheiKra, a 200-foot (61 m) Bolliger & Mabillard floorless dive roller coaster with a 90-degree vertical drop. This is North America's first vertical dive coaster. The ride used to operate with floors, but became floorless in 2006 and was repainted in 2013.
- Stanley Falls Flume, a log flume with a 43-foot (13 m) drop.
- Tigris, a Premier Rides Sky Rocket II. It is located where Tanganyika Tidal Wave once stood. After two days of soft openings, Tigris officially opened on April 19th, 2019.
This section, themed to the jungles of Congo, contains two of the park's most popular rides, Kumba and Congo River Rapids. In November 2006, Congo underwent major renovation, including the removal of the park's classic Python corkscrew roller coaster. Other former Congo attractions include the Swinging Vines, family swing flat ride closing in the early 1990's and the Monstorus Mamba octopus flat ride closing in the late 1990s. And the Pygmy Village kids area featuring three children's rides, a teacup ride, a kiddie swing ride relocated to Sesame Street Safari of Fun and the Gwazi Gliders moved to Morocco.
- Kumba, meaning roar in Swahili, is a 143-foot (44 m) steel sit-down roller coaster with seven inversions. Built in 1993 by Bolliger & Mabillard, it remains a popular ride today. The ride was repainted in 2010, and again in 2019.
- Congo River Rapids, a water ride that simulates raging whitewater rapids. The ride opened in 1982.
- Ubanga Banga Bumper Cars, a bumper cars ride.
Opened on April 5, 2008, Jungala is a 4-acre (16,000 m2) family attraction featuring up-close animal encounters, rope bridges to explore three stories of jungle life, and a water-play area for children. Also located in this area are two family attractions: Jungle Flyers, a zip line that offers three different flight patterns above the treetops of the new area, and Wild Surge, a shot tower that launches guests above a waterfall. Another attraction is Tiger Trail, which is a walkthrough with tigers where there is also a glass turret where you can look out right in the middle of the tiger enclosure. During the Kareebu Jungala atmosphere show, stiltwalkers perform with puppets and interact with guests in the heart of Jungala.
- Jungle Fliers, a zip line ride(Closed As Of 2018)
- The Wild Surge, a Moser family launch tower ride.
- Orangutan Outpost, a tree-top observation platforms to watch and interact with orangutans. As of 2017, Busch Gardens has 6 orangutans including 3 males and 3 females.
- Tiger Lodge and Tiger Trail, Observation areas, trails and a bridge to watch and interact with tigers. Busch Gardens has at least 10 tigers. On March 31, 2013, Bzui, a female Malayan tiger, gave birth to three cubs sired by Mata. She had two males and one female. The males were named Bundar(meaning round) and Rukayah(meaning delicate). The female was named Cinta(meaning love).
- Kulu Canopy, A multi-species habitat for white-cheeked gibbons, flying foxes (fruit bats) and false gharial - a reclusive and very rare crocodilian native to Indonesia and Malaysia.
A section originally themed after the malls and bazaars of Africa that opened up in May 1980 as Timbuktu. The Phoenix was built in 1984 and remains a popular ride to this day. The section was renovated in 2003. Important elements added during this facelift included the enclosing of the Timbuktu Theater, which replaced the park's Dolphin Theater with an indoor 4-D movie theater. The dolphins retired to other locations. The 4-D theater premieried with "R.L Stine's Haunted Lighthouse" film in 2003, followed by "Pirates 4D" in 2006 and "Sesame Street Presents: Lights! Camera! Imagination!" in 2010. In 2004, Das Festhaus was transformed into the Desert Grill, and the park's family-friendly Sand Serpent wild mouse roller coaster opened, replacing the Crazy Camel Trabant flat ride. In September 2014, Falcon's Fury, a 335-foot drop tower, opened, replacing the former Sandstorm orbiter flat ride. This section of the park was re-themed to Pantopia alongside the opening of Falcon's Fury.
- Scorpion, a steel, Schwarzkopf-designed sit-down roller coaster with one vertical loop. It is Busch Gardens' oldest operating roller coaster.
- Sand Serpent, a steel wild mouse roller coaster.
- Phoenix, an Intamin Looping Starship themed as an Egyptian cargo vessel. Currently, It is standing but not in operation.
- Pantopia Theater, an indoor theater that originally housed Opening Night Critters with the opening of Pantopia in 2014. In Spring 2019, it is now home to Critters Inn Charge after Opening Night Critters closed.
- Caravan Carousel, a carousel with horses, camels, and chariots.
- Falcon's Fury, a drop tower that has a speed of 60 miles per hour (97 km/h) and tilts 90 degrees towards the ground. It is the tallest free-standing drop tower in North America at 335 feet (102 m).
Alligators and crocodiles can be observed here up close. In Curiosity Cavern, guests can view mammal and reptile exhibits. Visitors to Nairobi can meet the Animal Ambassadors who travel the country and make educational appearances at Jambo Junction. The area also contains Myombe Reserve, a tropical rainforest that is home to Western lowland gorillas and common chimpanzees. In 2012 the Animal Care Center opened, allowing guests to observe actual veterinary procedures, as well as meet the stars of Wildlife Docs, Busch Gardens' Saturday morning television show. The main train station at Busch Gardens is located at Nairobi. Another popular attraction here is the Asian elephant exhibit.
- Animal Care Center, a nearly 16,000-square-foot (1,500 m2) attraction, allows visitors the chance to view the Busch Gardens' veterinarians at work in a new state-of-the-art veterinary hospital. The major visitor aspects of the facility include a nutrition demonstration kitchen, treatment rooms, a clinical lab and an interactive diagnostic activity. Behind the scenes the veterinary hospital also includes the animal nutrition center, animal recovery and holding rooms and vet offices. The park's former animal care center was located behind the scenes.
- Elephant Interaction Wall, the Nairobi section of the park has five female and one male (arrived from the Calgary Zoo in 2013) Asian elephants. The females are named Tina who is 50 years old, Rosie who is 49 years old, Simba who is 51 years old, Carina who is 47 years old and Carnaudi who is 29 years old, while the male is named Spike who is 38 years old (although he is no longer at the park). There are daily interactions at the Elephant Interaction and Husbandry Wall or during the Elephant Keeper Experience.
Edge of AfricaEdit
Edge of Africa is the smallest section of the park. It features a restaurant, the Cheetah Hunt roller coaster, and the Skyride station.
- Cheetah Hunt, a multi-launch steel roller coaster that opened in 2011. A suspended monorail previously occupied Cheetah Hunt's station.
- Cheetah Run, an animal exhibit located next to Cheetah Hunt. It replaced the Clydesdale Hamlet. In May 2011, Cheetah Run opened. Cheetah Run is home to Busch Gardens Tampa Bay collection of cheetahs. There are running demonstrations and Meet a Keeper sessions throughout the day. In addition, the exhibit has interactive screens with cheetah facts. One of Cheetah Run's most notable residents is Kasi, a male cheetah, who was paired with Mtani, a female Labrador Retriever, from 2011 to 2013 when they were young. Mtani now lives with a zookeeper and Kasi has been paired with a female Cheetah. As of 2013, Busch Gardens has 14 cheetahs.
Bedouin tents, authentic handicrafts and art create an Egyptian marketplace feel. The primary attraction of the Egypt-themed area is Montu, an inverted steel coaster. Tut's Tomb, a former audio guided walk-through tomb excavation closed in Winter 2013, and the interior was gutted to make way for the queue for Cobra's Curse. The former Golden Scarab Gift Shop was converted into a gift shop at the exit of the attraction.
Animal Care CenterEdit
A state-of-the-art facility that allows visitors to view animal care being conducted from treatments to x-rays.
- The Wildlife Docs, an Emmy nominated television series that follows animal caretakers treating more than 12,000 different animals living in Busch Gardens Tampa.
A free flight aviary that shows over 500 tropical birds from around the globe including parrots, flamingos, and others. The original section of the park opened in 1959. The area for the most part remains mostly gardens and animal exhibits. A staple attraction that once stood in this section was the brewery. However, the brewery closed in 1995 and Gwazi now sits where the brewery was located. In 2014, the Bird Gardens theater was demolished, and the former show (Critter Castaways) is now housed in the Pantopia Theater under the new name "Opening Night Critters".
- Walkabout Way, themed as an Australian outpost, opened in June 2010. This area allows guests to hand-feed kangaroos and wallabies, and see animals including kookaburras, magpies, black swans and tawny frogmouths. A male kangaroo, Horatio, arrived at the park in early 2014. This experience is open to all guests 5 years of age or older.
- Lory Landing, an open aviary habitat that invites guest to walk around and be visited by lorikeets. Purchasing nectar is an optional part of the habitat, providing an experience of hand-feeding the birds.
Edge of AfricaEdit
Opened in 1997, Edge of Africa is a walk-through attraction where guests can observe African animals. Among the exhibits are a Nile crocodile named Sobek, meerkats, two prides of lions, a pack of spotted hyenas, three hippos named Moyo, Kita and Devi, vultures, and a troop of lemurs.
The three newest members of the lion pride include a male named Kembe and two females named Shaba and Shtuko. They arrived at the park as cubs in 2013 from a zoo in Africa. Another pride of lions at the park include a male named Simon and two females named Rose and Iris. Iris and Rose are unable to have cubs as they have been spayed.
The hippos Moyo and Kita are never exhibited together, being father and daughter, and being unaware of this and would try to mate with each other. Therefore, both are rotated into the exhibit and holding area day by day to avoid accidental inbreeding.
The Serengeti PlainEdit
In 1965, the park opened its Serengeti Plain animal habitat, the first of its kind to offer animals in a free-roaming environment. Over the years, the habitat has expanded from 29 acres (12 ha) to its current size of 65 acres (26 ha). It is home to the Grévy's zebra, Grant's zebra, sable antelope, reticulated giraffe, Ankole-Watusi, addax, white rhinoceros, eland, impala, ostrich, and marabou stork. Also, in a secluded area of this region is a solitary female black rhinoceros named Jodi.
Real Music SeriesEdit
Food and Wine FestivalEdit
(Previously called Bud & BBQ and Bands, Brew & BBQ) For the months of March & April, Busch Gardens hosts a series of concerts in Gwazi Field, mostly from classic rock and country music acts. Sometimes the event includes alternative rock, pop, hip hop and R&B acts as well as comedians. Also, there are special culinary offerings that include a variety of ethnic food and wine samplings from various local vendors along the walkway from the Gwazi Roller Coaster to the gate in Gwazi Field.
The documentary film Blackfish and a subsequent online petition led to several popular musical groups cancelling performances at SeaWorld and Busch Gardens "Bands, Brew & BBQ" event in 2014. This caused the removal of the event in Tampa, which was replaced by the annual Food and Wine Festival, resembling the one currently at Epcot in Walt Disney World Orlando.
Viva La Musica!Edit
In the summer months, the park stays open later and includes concerts by performers like David Cassidy and Starship with Mickey Thomas. The park's Independence Day festivities add fireworks to the entertainment lineup.
In 2010, Busch Gardens added a new nighttime show called Kinetix, the first special effect-heavy show put on in Gwazi Field. Also, they added many new special effects (i.e. Strobe, Lighting, Fog) to the existing rides just for the Summer Nights season. Kinetix discontinued after the 2016 Summer Nights
Since 2017, Busch Gardens Summer Nights now includes party zones where guests can dance with Party Starters and DJs to the music and compete for special prizes. The most major party zones are ¡Fiesta Festa! in the Cheetah Hunt Plaza and Viben Village in Stanleyville.
Every September and October since 2000, Busch Gardens is transformed into Howl-O-Scream. This event contains haunted houses, scare zones, and shows. Howl-O-Scream is one of the top rated Halloween events in the United States. Howl-O-Scream has featured some attractions of the park turned into "horrified" attractions at night. This includes Serengeti Safari Tours, which was turned into Evening Serengeti Safari Tours, and Curiosity Caverns, which was turned into Dark Cavern, both in 2000. In 2012, Howl-O-Scream celebrated 13 "unlucky" years.
From November to December, theaters throughout the park are transformed into Christmas-themed shows (Like Christmas On Ice in the Moroccan Palace) in celebration of the holiday season for an event called Christmas Town. The whole park is decorated with over a million Christmas lights and theming. Among the more popular attractions is Snow World, in which guests can play in real snow and ride down ice slides. This event was first introduced in 2012. At Santa’s House, guests can bring their little ones and have pictures taken with Santa Claus, Mrs. Clause, and Santa’s Elves right next to the Nairobi Train Station which circles around the Serengeti Plain as the Christmas Town Sing Along Train featuring select Christmas carols and songs. Also, guests can meet the stars from Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer over in Rudolph’s Winter Wonderland since 2016. Plus, two Christmas Town princesses can be spotted in the Icy Forest (Ice Princess), and the poinsettia trees (Poinsettia Princess) which guests can also have pictures taken.
New Year's EveEdit
During New Year's Eve, Busch Gardens celebrates the new year by hosting live music throughout the park, thrill rides opened through the night, and fireworks located at the Gwazi Field. Including a park-wide countdown to the new year.
Awards and recognitionEdit
The following is a list of roller coasters at Busch Gardens Tampa that have placed on Amusement Today's award or nomination list, along with the highest ranking and year awarded or nominated. Busch Gardens Tampa has also been nominated for best landscaping in 1998 and 2007.
- "Currently Accredited Zoos and Aquariums". aza.org. AZA. Retrieved August 22, 2012.
- "TEA/AECOM 2015 Global Attractions Attendance Report Report" (PDF). Themed Entertainment Association. 2016. Retrieved June 3, 2016.
- "Park History". BGTNation. Archived from the original on March 15, 2016. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
- "Busch Gardens Tampa Bay Timeline". BGTGuide. Archived from the original on November 8, 2014. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
- "1959 – 1969". BGT History. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
- "Busch Gardens Africa History". TampaPix. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
- "Steam Locomotive Information". Steam Locomotive Information. Retrieved November 5, 2018.
- "Serengeti Railway". SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
- "Skyride". SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
- "Gwazi Gliders Review – Busch Gardens Tampa". Total Orlando. Archived from the original on May 31, 2016. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
- "Myombe Reserve". SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
- "Telly's Jungle Jam Review – Busch Gardens Tampa". Total Orlando. Archived from the original on April 19, 2017. Retrieved November 5, 2018.
- "Rosita's Djembe Fly-Away Review – Busch Gardens Tampa". Total Orlando. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved November 5, 2018.
- "Bert and Ernie's Watering Hole Review – Busch Gardens Tampa". Total Orlando. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved November 5, 2018.
- "Air Grover". SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
- "SheiKra". SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
- "Stanley Falls". SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
- "Kumba". SeaWorld Parks and Entertainment. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
- "Congo River Rapids". SeaWorld Parks and Entertainment. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
- "Busch Gardens Tampa Bay - Ubanga-Banga Bumper Cars - Attraction & Ride Details". Parks Info 2 Go. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
- "Jungala". SeaWorld Parks and Entertainment. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
- "Jungle Flyers". SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
- "The Wild Surge". SeaWorld Parks and Entertainment. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
- "It's tiger time at Busch Gardens in Tampa". Tampa Bay Times. July 23, 2013. Retrieved January 11, 2019.
- Klinkenberg, Jeff (April 2, 2008). "Busch Gardens' Jungala meets your wildest dreams". Tampa Bay Times. Times Publishing Company. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved November 5, 2018.
- Bevil, Dewayne (November 22, 2013). "Busch Gardens: Timbuktu turning into 'Pantopia'". Orlando Sentinel. Archived from the original on November 8, 2014. Retrieved November 5, 2018.
- "Scorpion". SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
- "SandSerpent". SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
- "Explore Pantopia". SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
- Perry, Anthony. "A Behind the Scenes Look at Pantopia Theater – Busch Gardens Tampa". Busch Gardens Tampa Blog. SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
- "Grand Caravan Carousel Review – Busch Gardens Tampa". Total Orlando. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
- "Falcon's Fury". SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
- "Jambo Junction". SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment. Archived from the original on September 5, 2015. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
- "Myombe Reserve". SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
- "The Wildlife Docs". SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
- Albright, Mark (January 12, 2012). "New attraction lets you see Busch Gardens' vets at work". Tampa Bay Times. Times Publishing Company. Retrieved July 26, 2012.
- "Animal Care Center". SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
- "Elephants". SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment. Retrieved October 1, 2015.
- "Cheetah Hunt". SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
- "Cheetah Run". SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
- Hayes, Stephanie (May 26, 2011). "At Busch Gardens Tampa Bay's Cheetah Run habitat, the cats are a nose away". Tampa Bay Times. Times Publishing Company. Archived from the original on August 11, 2011. Retrieved August 21, 2012.
- Chaney, Anna (March 11, 2013). "An Update from Cheetah Run". Busch Gardens Tampa. Retrieved June 1, 2015.
Mtani has since left her first home at Busch Gardens and traded it in for a new home. She now lives with one of our staff members and is thriving in the lap of luxury where every dog belongs - on the couch.
- "Cobra's Curse". SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
- "Montu". SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
- Entertainment, SeaWorld Parks &. "Animal Care Center". seaworldparks.com. Retrieved September 15, 2015.
- Entertainment, SeaWorld Parks &. "The Wildlife Docs". SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment. Retrieved September 15, 2015.
- Entertainment, SeaWorld Parks &. "Bird Gardens". seaworldparks.com. Retrieved September 15, 2015.
- Entertainment, SeaWorld Parks &. "Bird Gardens". seaworldparks.com. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
- Entertainment, SeaWorld Parks &. "Walkabout Way". seaworldparks.com. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
- Staff. "Busch Gardens Tampa's New Area - Walkabout Way - Featuring Kangaroos". Seaworld.com. Retrieved August 26, 2012.
- Entertainment, SeaWorld Parks &. "Walkabout Way". seaworldparks.com. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
- Entertainment, SeaWorld Parks &. "Lory Landing". seaworldparks.com. Retrieved September 15, 2015.
- Entertainment, SeaWorld Parks &. "Edge of Africa". seaworldparks.com. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
- "Busch Gardens Tampa Bay Fact Sheet", page 4.[permanent dead link] Busch Gardens, Tampa Bay. Retrieved January 31, 2010.
- Entertainment, SeaWorld Parks &. "Serengeti Plain". seaworldparks.com. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
- "Real Music Series Adds Concerts on Select Saturdays! | Busch Gardens Tampa". www.buschgardenstampablog.com. Retrieved October 1, 2015.
- Duke, Alan. "Barenaked Ladies' SeaWorld gig is off after viewing 'Blackfish'". Retrieved December 27, 2013.
- David, John P. "Blackfish Backlash Continues". The Huffington Post. Retrieved December 27, 2013.
- "Busch Gardens Tampa Heats Up With Viva La Música | Busch Gardens Tampa". www.buschgardenstampablog.com. Retrieved October 1, 2015.
- Entertainment, SeaWorld Parks &. "Summer Nights". seaworldparks.com. Retrieved October 1, 2015.
- Sentinel, Orlando. "Kinetix show returns for Busch Gardens Summer Nights". Retrieved October 1, 2015.
- Gershman, Rick (October 14, 2004). "Scare tactics". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved June 6, 2009.
- Staff. "Do You Dare Enter Trickster's Garden as Howl-O-Scream 2012 Celebrates an Unlucky 13 Years?". SeaWorld Press release. SeaWorld. Archived from the original on September 20, 2012. Retrieved September 14, 2012.
- Entertainment, SeaWorld Parks &. "Christmas Town 2015". seaworldparks.com. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
- Entertainment, SeaWorld Parks &. "New Year's Eve at Busch Gardens Tampa". seaworldparks.com. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
- "Amusement Today's 1999 Golden Ticket Awards" (PDF).
- "Amusement Today's: Golden Ticket Awards 2006" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on October 16, 2006. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
- "Amusement Today's: Golden Ticket Awards 2017". Retrieved September 14, 2015.[permanent dead link]
- "Amusement Today's: Golden Ticket Awards 2007" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on May 30, 2008. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
- "TEA/AECOM 2008 Global Attractions Report" (PDF). Themed Entertainment Association. 2008. Retrieved June 25, 2014.
- "TEA/AECOM 2009 Global Attractions Report" (PDF). Themed Entertainment Association. 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 2, 2010. Retrieved June 25, 2014.
- "TEA/AECOM 2011 Global Attractions Report" (PDF). Themed Entertainment Association. 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 18, 2015. Retrieved June 25, 2014.
- "TEA/AECOM 2013 Global Attractions Report" (PDF). Themed Entertainment Association. 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 6, 2014. Retrieved June 25, 2014.
- "TEA/AECOM 2014 Global Attractions Attendance Report Report" (PDF). Themed Entertainment Association. 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.[dead link]
- "TEA/AECOM 2016 Global Attractions Attendance Report Report" (PDF). Themed Entertainment Association. 2016. Retrieved June 7, 2017.
- "TEA/AECOM 2017 Global Attractions Attendance Report Report" (PDF). Themed Entertainment Association. 2017. Retrieved May 21, 2018.