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Flag of Alabama
Alabama's location within the United States

Alabama (/ˌæləˈbæmə/) is a state in the southeastern region of the United States. It is bordered by Tennessee to the north, Georgia to the east, Florida and the Gulf of Mexico to the south, and Mississippi to the west. Alabama is the 30th largest by area and the 24th-most populous of the U.S. states. With a total of 1,500 miles (2,400 km) of inland waterways, Alabama has among the most of any state.

Alabama is nicknamed the Yellowhammer State, after the state bird. Alabama is also known as the "Heart of Dixie" and the "Cotton State". The state tree is the longleaf pine, and the state flower is the camellia. Alabama's capital is Montgomery. The largest city by population is Birmingham, which has long been the most industrialized city; the largest city by land area is Huntsville. The oldest city is Mobile, founded by French colonists in 1702 as the capital of French Louisiana.

From the American Civil War until World War II, Alabama, like many states in the southern U.S., suffered economic hardship, in part because of its continued dependence on agriculture. Similar to other former slave states, Alabamian legislators employed Jim Crow laws to disenfranchise and otherwise discriminate against African Americans from the end of the Reconstruction Era up until at least the 1970s. Despite the growth of major industries and urban centers, white rural interests dominated the state legislature from 1901 to the 1960s. During this time, urban interests and African Americans were markedly under-represented. Following World War II, Alabama grew as the state's economy changed from one primarily based on agriculture to one with diversified interests. The state's economy in the 21st century is based on management, automotive, finance, manufacturing, aerospace, mineral extraction, healthcare, education, retail, and technology.

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A montage of Mobile area attractions and landmakrs
Mobile /mˈbl/ is the third most populous city in the Southern U.S. state of Alabama and is the county seat of Mobile County. It is located on the central Gulf Coast of the United States. The population within the city limits was 198,915 during the 2000 census. Mobile is the principal municipality of the Mobile Metropolitan Statistical Area, a region of 399,843 residents which is composed solely of Mobile County and is the second largest MSA in the state. Mobile is included in the Mobile-Daphne-Fairhope Combined Statistical Area with a total population of 540,258, the second largest combined statistical area in the state.

Located at the junction of the Mobile River and Mobile Bay on the northern Gulf of Mexico, the city is the only seaport in Alabama. The Port of Mobile has always played a key role in the economic health of the city beginning with the city as a key trading center between the French and Native Americans down to its current role as the 10th largest port in the United States. Mobile is one of the Gulf Coast's cultural centers, housing several art museums, a symphony orchestra, a professional opera, a professional ballet company, and a large concentration of historic architecture. Mobile is known for having the oldest organized Carnival celebrations in the United States, dating to its early colonial period. It was also host to the first formally organized Carnival mystic society or krewe in the United States, dating to 1830.

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Povenmire at Comic-Con, 2009
Daniel Kingsley Povenmire (born September 18, 1963) is an American television director, writer, producer, storyboard artist, and actor associated with several animated television series, best known as the co-creator of the Disney animated series Phineas and Ferb in which he also voices the show's villain, Heinz Doofenshmirtz. Povenmire grew up in Mobile, Alabama, where he was a talented art student who spent summers outdoors and making movies. Povenmire attended the University of South Alabama before deciding to pursue a film career and transferring to the University of Southern California School of Cinematic Arts.

Povenmire has been a long-time contributor to the animation business, working on several different animated television series such as The Simpsons, Rocko's Modern Life and SpongeBob SquarePants. He was a longtime director on the prime time series Family Guy, where he was nominated for an Annie Award in 2005. He left the series to create Phineas and Ferb with Jeff "Swampy" Marsh. Povenmire has been nominated for several awards for his work on the show, including a BAFTA, an Annie, and three Emmy Awards. He lives with his wife and their two daughters in Pasadena, California.

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Demopolis, Alabama

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  • Total area: 52,419 mi2
    • Land: 50,742 mi2
    • Water: 1,677 mi2
  • Highest elevation: 2,413 ft (Mount Cheaha)
  • Population 4,863,300 (2016 est)
  • Admission to the Union: December 14, 1819 (22nd)

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Big Spring Park in Huntsville, Alabama
Credit: Larry Wilbourn

Big Spring International Park is located in downtown Huntsville, Alabama. It is most noted as being the site of the Panoply Arts Festival, held the last full weekend in April, and Big Spring Jam, an annual music festival that usually occurs on the fourth weekend in September.

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2005 Sugar BowlAlabama Crimson Tide football seasonsBirmingham campaignBobby EatonHurricane Danny (1997)List of counties in AlabamaList of Governors of AlabamaList of National Historic Landmarks in AlabamaList of tallest buildings in MobileNatalee HollowayOzzie SmithRosa ParksTo Kill a MockingbirdTropical Storm Bill (2003)UAB Blazers football seasonsZelda Fitzgerald

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2008 Super Tuesday tornado outbreakAcer rubrumAgudath Israel Etz AhayemApril 6–8, 2006 Tornado OutbreakAuburn High School (Alabama)Birmingham AmericansBob HollyBrodie CroyleCaptain MunnerlynCharles BarkleyCharlie FonvilleDebra MarshallDan PovenmireFebruary-March 2007 Tornado OutbreakGrapicoGreat Storm of 1975Hurricane CarmenHurricane EloiseHurricane Florence (1988)Hurricane IsidoreHurricane IvanInterstate 359John Mitchell (American football coach)Mark MatthewsMobile, AlabamaRichard M. ScrushyShenandoah (band)Tennessee Coal, Iron and Railroad CompanyTropical Storm Arlene (2005)Tropical Storm Beryl (1988)Tropical Storm Matthew (2004)Utricularia inflataWilliam Lowndes Yancey

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