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Okaloosa County is a county located in the northwestern portion of the U.S. state of Florida, extending from the Gulf of Mexico to the Alabama state line. As of 2015,[1] the population was 198,664.[2] Its county seat is Crestview.[3]

Okaloosa County, Florida
Crestview Okaloosa Cty crths01.jpg
The Okaloosa County courthouse in March 2008
Flag of Okaloosa County, Florida
Flag
Seal of Okaloosa County, Florida
Seal
Map of Florida highlighting Okaloosa County
Location within the U.S. state of Florida
Map of the United States highlighting Florida
Florida's location within the U.S.
FoundedSeptember 7, 1915
SeatCrestview
Largest communityWright
Area
 • Total1,082 sq mi (2,802 km2)
 • Land930 sq mi (2,409 km2)
 • Water152 sq mi (394 km2), 14.0%
Population (est.)
 • (2018)207,269
 • Density223/sq mi (86/km2)
Congressional district1st
Time zoneCentral: UTC−6/−5
Websitewww.co.okaloosa.fl.us

Okaloosa County is included in the Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

HistoryEdit

Okaloosa County was created by an act passed on September 7, 1915.[4] Okaloosa is a Choctaw word meaning "black water". "Oka" means water, and "lusa" is black in the Choctaw language.[5]

GeographyEdit

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,082 square miles (2,800 km2), of which 930 square miles (2,400 km2) is land and 152 square miles (390 km2) (14.0%) is water.[6] Fort Walton Beach and three United States Air Force bases, (Duke Field in the North and Eglin AFB and Hurlburt Field are in the south).

Adjacent countiesEdit

National protected areasEdit

 
Beach in Destin, Florida

State Parks and ForestsEdit

  • Blackwater River State Forest:[7] 189,594 acres (76,726 ha) spanning Okaloosa and neighboring Santa Rosa County.[8]
  • Fred Gannon Rocky Bayou State Recreation Area:[9] 357 acres (144 ha) of sand pine forest along Choctawhatchee Bay. The park provides facilities for camping, hiking, fishing, and canoeing. It is located five miles (8 km) east of Niceville on State Road 20.[10]
  • Henderson Beach State Park:[11] 1.3 miles (2.1 km) of sugar sand beach along the Gulf of Mexico. The park provides facilities for camping, RV-ing, and picnicking, as well as a pavilion and boardwalk. It is located just east of downtown Destin on U.S. 98.[10]

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
19209,360
19309,8975.7%
194012,90030.3%
195027,533113.4%
196061,175122.2%
197088,18744.2%
1980109,92024.6%
1990143,77630.8%
2000170,49818.6%
2010180,8226.1%
Est. 2018207,269[12]14.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]
1790-1960[14] 1900-1990[15]
1990-2000[16] 2010-2015[2] 2018[17]

As of 2015,[18] there were 198,664 people and 95,494 households. As of the census of 2010,the population density was 194.4 people per square mile (70/km²).

Link to statistics of racial makeup:[1]

  • White alone=81.5% (July 1, 2015)
  • Black or African American alone=10.2% (July 1, 2015)
  • American Native and Alaskan Native alone=0.7% (July 1, 2015)
  • Asian alone=3.2% (July 1, 2015)
  • Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone=0.3% (July 1, 2015)
  • Two or more races=4.1% (July 1, 2015)
  • Hispanic or Latino=8.6% (July 1, 2015)

As of 2015, there were 95,494 households. Within the 2010 census, 33.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.20% were married couples living together, 10.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.80% were non-families. 23.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.94.

According to the 2010 census, the population was spread out with 24.70% under the age of 18, 9.60% from 18 to 24, 31.10% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 12.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 102.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.50 males.

In 2015, the median income for a household in the county was $55,880. The per capita income for the county was $28,902. 11.3% of the population were below the poverty line.

EducationEdit

The county's public schools come under the Okaloosa County School District.

Northwest Florida State College serves over 10,000 residents of Okaloosa County annually for bachelor's Degrees, associate degrees, and certificates. The College maintains four campuses in Okaloosa County: Niceville, Crestview, Ft. Walton Beach, and Hurlburt Field, and one campus in Walton County, FL.

LibrariesEdit

Okaloosa County is served by the Okaloosa County Public Library Cooperative.

The Robert L.F. Sikes Library is located in Crestview, FL and was started in the 1940’s in the home of Bertha Henry. She started the library by using her own books as well as books that belonged to her mother as well as using the services of a local church’s lending library. After moving locations multiple times as it grew in popularity, it eventually was renamed after Congressman “Bob” Sikes who served in Congress from 1940-1979. Today, it is a thriving public library.

The Destin Library is located in Destin, FL. While the Okaloosa County Public Library Cooperative was officially formed in 1997, Destin wasn’t added until about the year 2000. They provide many services to the public including ancestry research, online card catalog training and how to check out and utilize ebooks using the library.

The Fort Walton Beach Library is located in Fort Walton Beach, FL. It was established in 1927 by the Women’s Club in an old Masonic building near the waterfront of the city. In order to keep the library open, they would rotate services during the days of the week, each service offered on a particular day of the week. The library ended up closing to the public after donating all of its inventory to the local high school to help them meet their requirements to the students. In 1954, the Business and Professional Women’s Club assisted the Women’s Club to re-establish the public library, and it is thriving today.

The Mary Esther Public Library was first proposed in 1974 and was approved, taking up only a space of 585 square feet. After a new building was provided in 1988, the library’s popularity and utilization continued to grow. In 1990, a grant was approved to construct a brand new library and it was opened to the public in 1992. In 2004, the library was expanded and it thrives today serving the citizens of Mary Esther, FL and Okaloosa County.

The Niceville Library became a part of the library cooperative in 1997 in Okaloosa County. The library buildings include the main public library, a community center that hosts events and a public children's park and splash pad.

The Valparaiso Community Library is located in Valparaiso, FL. It began in 1973 with a modest collection. Eventually it expanded to include genealogy research which helped to expand its collection. In 2007 the library was awarded a state library construction grant. While it is one of the smaller libraries, it continues to provide the same type of services to the community.

TransportationEdit

AirportsEdit

Surface TransportationEdit

Emerald Coast Rider (formerly Okaloosa County Transit)[19] operates bus services in the county.[20]

PoliticsEdit

Okaloosa County is one of the most conservative counties in Florida. Incumbent George W. Bush won the county in 2004 with 78% of the popular vote and in 2008 the Republican candidate John McCain polled 72%.[21] Mitt Romney won the county in 2012 with 73.86% (69,785) of the popular vote, while Donald Trump won 70.42% (71,893) in 2016.[22]

Presidential elections results
Okaloosa County vote
by party in presidential elections
[23]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 70.42% 71,893 23.29% 23,780 6.29% 6,423
2012 73.80% 70,168 24.63% 23,421 1.56% 1,486
2008 71.82% 68,789 27.01% 25,872 1.17% 1,120
2004 77.65% 69,693 21.58% 19,368 0.77% 695
2000 73.69% 52,186 23.99% 16,989 2.33% 1,644
1996 64.53% 40,683 26.11% 16,462 9.36% 5,899
1992 53.13% 32,818 19.49% 12,038 27.38% 16,913
1988 80.04% 40,389 19.33% 9,753 0.63% 320
1984 83.51% 37,044 16.47% 7,304 0.02% 9
1980 69.62% 28,072 26.90% 10,845 3.49% 1,406
1976 55.86% 18,598 42.68% 14,210 1.46% 487
1972 88.64% 23,303 10.81% 2,843 0.55% 144
1968 26.54% 5,525 14.69% 3,059 58.77% 12,237
1964 55.80% 9,961 44.20% 7,890
1960 36.18% 4,685 63.82% 8,263
1956 32.66% 2,788 67.34% 5,748
1952 30.47% 2,355 69.53% 5,375
1948 12.13% 486 62.86% 2,519 25.01% 1,002
1944 17.87% 626 82.13% 2,877
1940 18.68% 690 81.32% 3,003
1936 15.81% 457 84.19% 2,433
1932 9.79% 232 90.21% 2,137
1928 72.70% 1,385 26.40% 503 0.89% 17
1924 19.20% 183 67.37% 642 13.43% 128
1920 40.98% 411 56.63% 568 2.39% 24
1916 31.86% 303 63.41% 603 4.73% 45

CommunitiesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population estimates, July 1, 2015, (V2015)".
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 14, 2014.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  4. ^ Hutchinson, Leonard Patrick, "History of the Playground Area of Northwest Florida", Great Outdoors Publishing Co., St. Petersburg, Florida, 1st ed., 1961, no Library of Congress card number, no ISBN, page 41.
  5. ^ Read, William (2008). Louisiana Place Names of Indian Origin: A Collection of Words. Tuscaloosa, Alabama: The University of Alabama Press. p. 47. ISBN 978-0-8173-8072-4.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  7. ^ "Florida State Parks".
  8. ^ McGovern, Bernie (2011). Florida Almanac 2012. Pelican Publishing Company. p. 186. ISBN 9781589808461.
  9. ^ "Florida State Parks".
  10. ^ a b McGovern, Bernie (2011). Florida Almanac 2012. Pelican Publishing Company. p. 214. ISBN 9781589808461.
  11. ^ "Florida State Parks".
  12. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  13. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 16, 2014.
  14. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 16, 2014.
  15. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 16, 2014.
  16. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 16, 2014.
  17. ^ "QuickFacts. Okaloosa County, Florida". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 6, 2019.
  18. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  19. ^ "Welcome to Emerald Coast Rider". Emerald Coast Rider. 2015. Archived from the original on 2015-11-01. Retrieved 2017-12-16.
  20. ^ "Ride The Wave! - EC Rider". www.ecrider.org. Retrieved 2017-12-16.
  21. ^ "2008 US Presidential Election Results by County - USATODAY.com". Content.usatoday.com. 2008-11-10. Retrieved 2010-07-22.
  22. ^ https://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/
  23. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections".

External linksEdit