Interstate 10 in Florida
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Interstate 10 (I-10) runs for 362 miles (583 km) in Florida as the easternmost section of an east-west Interstate Highway in the southern United States. It is also the eastern end of a highway known as the Christopher Columbus Transcontinental Highway, one of three coast-to-coast Interstates, along with I-80 and I-90. The highway runs east from the Alabama border, traveling through the Panhandle of Florida, serving the major cities of Pensacola, Tallahassee, Lake City, ending at Jacksonville, and carries the hidden Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT) designation of State Road 8 (SR 8).
I-10 highlighted in red
|Maintained by FDOT|
|Length||362.057 mi (582.674 km)|
|West end||I-10 towards Mobile, AL|
|East end||I-95 in Jacksonville|
|Counties||Escambia, Santa Rosa, Okaloosa, Walton, Holmes, Washington, Jackson, Gadsden, Leon, Jefferson, Madison, Suwannee, Columbia, Baker, Nassau, Duval|
The Interstate runs roughly parallel to US Highway 90 (US 90), but is a more direct route, bypassing the central cores of many cities. I-10 runs through some of the least populated areas of the state.
The western terminus of I-10 is the Florida–Alabama state line at the Perdido River, just west of Pensacola, in Escambia County. Exit 7A, SR 297 (southbound), gives access to the Pensacola Naval Air Station and the National Museum of Naval Aviation. On the border between Brent and Ensley, the median approaching exits 10A and 10B become unexpectedly wide in order to accommodate flyover on-ramps from US 29 that enter the left sides of the road. At exit 12, I-10 serves as the northern terminus of I-110, a spur route to central Pensacola. The route leaves the county at the Escambia Bay Bridge and has two interchanges within Santa Rosa County before crossing another bridge over the Blackwater River. After that bridge it has two more interchanges with a pair of rest areas in between before crossing the Santa Rosa–Okaloosa County line.
The road crosses the border between the Central and Eastern time zones at the long Dewey M. Johnson Bridge, over the Apalachicola River. East of the bridge over the Ochlockonee River and the rest areas that follow, I-10 widens from four to six lanes and remains that way until after the interchange with SR 61 and US 319.
Like US 29 in Escambia County, the median for I-10 widens in the vicinity of I-75 at exits 296A and 296B in order to accommodate flyover on-ramps that enter from the left sides of the road.
A 21-mile-long (34 km) segment between exits 303 and 324 contains no interchanges because it passes through a portion of Osceola National Forest. The sole means of leaving and re-entering the highway in this section is at a pair of rest areas, the easternmost rest areas along I-10. The road widens to six lanes again at the interchange with the First Coast Expressway. Just as I-75 did with I-10 in Columbia County, I-10's interchange with I-295 uses single ramps leading to both directions on I-295 with east-to-north and south-to-west flyover ramps leading to the median of I-295. US 17 overlaps I-10 for two exits before the eastern terminus of the Interstate, located in the Brooklyn neighborhood of Jacksonville's urban core at I-95.
Prior to the construction of I-10, US 90 was the main east–west highway across the state.
The first section of I-10 in Florida was completed between Sanderson and Jacksonville in 1961. Construction on points westward continued in 1962. The route between Sanderson and Winfield was completed in 1963. By 1967, construction had been completed from the Alabama state line to SR 87, and was under construction from Falmouth to I-75. New construction extending I-10 east from SR 87 to Mossy Head began in 1968. The Falmouth to I-75 segment opened in 1969. Construction began in 1970 further extending I-10 eastward from Mossy Head to DeFuniak Springs. New construction began in 1973 from DeFuniak Springs to Caryville and from Drifton to Capitola; the segment between Drifton and Falmouth opened that year. The Capitola–Drifton segment was completed the following year. Construction began between Caryville and Chipley in 1974, and from Chipley to Midway in 1975. The segment between Chipley and Midway was completed in 1977 except for a small portion between Kynesville and Oakdale; in 1978, the entire length of I-10, as well as the I-110 spur in Pensacola across the state opened along its original planned route.
During the planning stage of construction, I-10 was placed just north of the central business district of Tallahassee, roughly along the current route of US 90 through town, while later a spur route was proposed to go to the core of the city. Both of these proposals were dropped and a route across the north side of the city was chosen. In 2008 the Interstate stretch in Tallahassee was expanded to six lanes to alleviate congestion.
Rest area security concernsEdit
In 1993, a British tourist was killed at the Jefferson County rest area in a botched burglary by teens. As a result, Florida rest stops were either patrolled or closed for at least two years when lawmakers approved cut-backs. A number of rest areas are currently regularly patrolled at night by armed security, often private, due to a resurgence in rest area-related violent crime.
On September 16, 2004, Hurricane Ivan made landfall near Pensacola, with the resulting storm surge causing heavy damage to the I-10 bridge across Escambia Bay. As much as a quarter mile (400 m) of the bridge, consisting of 58 bridge segments, collapsed into the bay, and an additional 66 segments were knocked out of alignment; most of the damage was to the eastbound lanes. A $26.5 million project was awarded the following day to Gilbert Southern/Massman and to the Parsons Corporation to make emergency repairs to the bridge. Work was completed on October 4 on the westbound bridge, restoring two-way traffic seven days ahead of schedule. The more heavily damaged eastbound bridge was completely repaired on November 20, just 66 days after Hurricane Ivan made landfall, and 27 days ahead of schedule. The contractor received $1.5 million in bonuses for the early completion. The commercial truck detour sent truck traffic into Alabama and I-65 to avoid the bridges.
The causeway that carries US 90 across the northern part of the same bay was also heavily damaged.
|County||Location||mi||km||Old exit||New exit||Destinations||Notes|
|Escambia||||0.000||0.000||I-10 west – Mobile||Alabama state line (Perdido River)|
|||1.1||1.8||Inspection station (eastbound only)|
|||4.4||7.1||Florida Welcome Center (eastbound only)|
US 90 Alt. (SR 10)
|Pine Forest||7.092||11.413||2||7||SR 297 (Pine Forest Road) – Pensacola NAS, Perdido Key||Signed as exits 7A (south) and 7B (north) eastbound|
|Brent–Ensley line||10.270||16.528||3||10||US 29 (Pensacola Boulevard / SR 95) – Pensacola, Cantonment||Signed as exits 10A (south) and 10B (north)|
|||12.422||19.991||4||12||I-110 south (SR 8A) – Pensacola, Pensacola Beach, Airport||Exit 6 on I-110; Northern terminus of I-110|
|Ferry Pass||12.928||20.806||5||13||SR 291 (Davis Highway)||Access to West Florida Hospital|
|16.495||26.546||6||17||US 90 (SR 10A) – Pensacola, Pace|
|Escambia Bay Bridge|
|Santa Rosa||||21.700||34.923||7||22||SR 281 north / SR 281 south – Milton, Gulf Breeze|
|||25.946||41.756||8||26||CR 191 – Milton, Bagdad|
|Bridge over Blackwater River|
|||28.415||45.730||9||28||CR 89 – Milton|
|||31.265||50.316||10||31||SR 87 – Fort Walton Beach, Milton, Navarre|
|Okaloosa||||45.072||72.536||11||45||CR 189 – Holt|
|Crestview||56.300||90.606||12||56||SR 85 – Crestview, Niceville|
|Walton||Mossy Head||69.482||111.820||13||70||SR 285 – Niceville, Eglin AFB, Hurlburt Field|
|DeFuniak Springs||84.588||136.131||14||85||US 331 (SR 83) – DeFuniak Springs, Freeport||Access to Healthmark Regional Medical Center|
|Holmes||Ponce de Leon||96.018||154.526||15||96||SR 81 – Ponce de Leon||Rest area in southeast corner|
|Washington||||104.038||167.433||16||104||CR 279 – Caryville|
|Holmes||Bonifay||111.685||179.740||17||112||SR 79 – Bonifay, Panama City Beach|
|Washington||Chipley||119.680||192.606||18||120||SR 77 – Chipley, Panama City||Access to Northwest Florida Community Hospital|
|Jackson||||129.833||208.946||19||130||US 231 (SR 75) – Cottondale, Panama City|
|Marianna||136.441||219.581||20||136||SR 276 – Marianna|
|||142.126||228.730||21||142||SR 71 – Marianna, Blountstown||Access to Jackson Hospital|
|||152.041||244.686||22||152||SR 69 – Grand Ridge, Blountstown|
|||158.011||254.294||23||158||CR 286 – Sneads|
|Dewey M. Johnson Bridge, Central/Eastern Time Zone boundary|
|||165.729||266.715||24||166||CR 270A – Chattahoochee|
|||174.093||280.176||25||174||SR 12 – Quincy, Gretna, Greensboro|
|||180.963||291.232||26||181||SR 267 – Quincy||Access to Capital Regional Medical Center-Gadsden Memorial Campus|
|Midway||191.949||308.912||27||192||US 90 (SR 10) – Midway, Quincy, Tallahassee|
|Tallahassee||195.731||314.999||28||196||SR 263 (Capital Circle Northwest) – Regional Airport|
|199.010||320.276||29||199||US 27 (Monroe Street / SR 63) – State Capitol|
|202.678||326.179||30||203||US 319 / SR 61 (Thomasville Road / Capital Circle Northeast / SR 261)||Access to Capital Regional Medical Center|
|208.570||335.661||31||209||US 90 (SR 10) – Tallahassee, Monticello||Signed as exits 209A (west) and 209B (east)|
|||225.055||362.191||33||225||US 19 (Florida-Georgia Parkway / SR 57) – Monticello, Perry, Thomasville|
|Madison||||241.217||388.201||35||241||US 221 (SR 55) – Greenville, Perry|
|||251.520||404.782||36||251||SR 14 – Madison, Perry|
|||258.106||415.381||37||258||SR 53 – Madison|
|||261.771||421.280||38||262||CR 255 – Lee|
|||274.642||441.993||39||275||US 90 (SR 10) – Live Oak, Lee|
|||282.770||455.074||40||283||US 129 (SR 51) – Live Oak, Jasper||Access to Shands Live Oak Regional Medical Center|
|||292.127||470.133||41||292||CR 137 – Wellborn|
|||293.4||472.2||Rest area (eastbound)|
|Columbia||||294.4||473.8||Rest area (westbound)|
|||296.199||476.686||42||296||I-75 (SR 93) – Tampa, Valdosta||Signed as exits 296A (south) and 296B (north); exit 435 on I-75|
|||301.293||484.884||43||301||US 41 (SR 25 / SR 100) – Lake City, White Springs||Access to Shands Lake Shore Regional Medical Center|
|Lake City||303.458||488.368||44||303||US 441 (SR 47) – Lake City, Fargo||Access to Shands Lake Shore Regional Medical Center|
|||323.827||521.149||45||324||US 90 (SR 10) – Sanderson, Olustee|
|||326.750||525.853||46||327||CR 229 – Sanderson, Raiford|
|||332.782||535.561||47||333||CR 125 – Glen St. Mary|
|Macclenny||335.145||539.364||48||335||SR 121 – Macclenny, Lake Butler, Gainesville|
|||336.312||541.242||49||336||SR 228 – Macclenny, Maxville||Access to Ed Fraser Memorial Hospital|
||No major junctions|
|Duval||||343.879||553.420||50||343||US 301 (SR 200) – Baldwin, Starke|
|||350.370||563.866||350||SR 23 south (Cecil Commerce Center Parkway) / SR 23 north to US 90 (Beaver Street)||opened in 2010, replaced rest area, signed as exits 350A (south) and 350B (north) eastbound|
|Whitehouse||352.096||566.644||51||351||Chaffee Road (CR 115C) – Whitehouse)|
|Marietta||355||Hammond Boulevard||Opened June 8, 2016|
|356.269||573.359||52||355||Marietta (Cahoon Road)||Former right-in/right-out; replaced 2016 by Hammond Boulevard exit|
|Jacksonville||356.838||574.275||53||356||I-295 (Beltway / SR 9A) – Daytona Beach, Savannah||Exit 21 on I-295|
|357.910||576.000||54||357||SR 103 (Lane Avenue)|
|359.185||578.052||55||358||SR 111 (Cassat Avenue / Edgewood Avenue)|
|359.895||579.195||56||359||Luna Street to Lenox Avenue / Highway Avenue||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance|
|360.773||580.608||57||360||SR 129 (McDuff Avenue)|
|361.046||581.047||58||361||US 17 south / SR 228 west (Roosevelt Boulevard / SR 15 south) – NAS Jax||West end of US 17 / SR 15 / SR 228 overlap; westbound exit and eastbound entrance|
|361.642||582.006||59||362||Stockton Street - Riverside||Access to St. Vincent's Medical Center Riverside|
|362.057||582.674||I-95 / US 17 north / SR 228 east (SR 9 / SR 15 north) – Jax Beaches, Daytona Beach, Downtown Jacksonville, Savannah||I-95 exit 351B|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi|
- Florida Department of Transportation. "FDOT Interchange Report" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on February 8, 2012. Retrieved October 4, 2007.
- "Florida's Interstates: A Half Century of Progress". Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved October 4, 2014.
- "Florida's Interstate Exit Numbers- I-10". Florida Department of Transportation. Retrieved November 18, 2010.
- "Orlando Sentinel: Articles about Rest stop". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved October 4, 2014.
- "Crist: Appeal Denied in British Tourist's I-10 Rest Stop Murder" (Press release). Archived from the original on June 17, 2011.
- Rohter, Larry (September 15, 1993). "Tourist Killed in Florida, Prompting New Patrols". The New York Times. Retrieved July 5, 2010.
- Santana, Sofia (May 30, 2008). "Highway rest areas no place to let your guard down". South Florida Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved December 30, 2008.
- "Aerial Tour of Panhandle Shows Devastation". Orlando: WESH. Archived from the original on February 29, 2012.
- "FDOT straight line diagrams". Archived from the original on March 6, 2014. Retrieved March 13, 2014.