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Interstate 10 (I-10) runs for 362 miles (583 km) in Florida as the easternmost section of an east-west Interstate Highway in the southern United States. It is also the eastern end of a highway known as the Christopher Columbus Transcontinental Highway, one of three coast-to-coast Interstates, along with I-80 and I-90. The highway runs east from the Alabama border, traveling through the Panhandle of Florida, serving the major cities of Pensacola, Tallahassee, Lake City, ending at Jacksonville, and carries the hidden Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT) designation of State Road 8 (SR 8).

Interstate 10 marker

Interstate 10
I-10 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by FDOT
Length362.057 mi[1] (582.674 km)
Existed1958–present
Major junctions
West end I-10 towards Mobile, AL
 
East end I-95 in Jacksonville
Location
CountiesEscambia, Santa Rosa, Okaloosa, Walton, Holmes, Washington, Jackson, Gadsden, Leon, Jefferson, Madison, Suwannee, Columbia, Baker, Nassau, Duval
Highway system
SR 9BSR 10
SR 7SR 8SR 8A

Route descriptionEdit

 
Eastbound view of I-10 near Lake City and I-75

The Interstate runs roughly parallel to US Highway 90 (US 90), but is a more direct route, bypassing the central cores of many cities. I-10 runs through some of the least populated areas of the state.

The western terminus of I-10 is the Florida–Alabama state line at the Perdido River, just west of Pensacola, in Escambia County. Exit 7A, SR 297 (southbound), gives access to the Pensacola Naval Air Station and the National Museum of Naval Aviation. On the border between Brent and Ensley, the median approaching exits 10A and 10B become unexpectedly wide in order to accommodate flyover on-ramps from US 29 that enter the left sides of the road. At exit 12, I-10 serves as the northern terminus of I-110, a spur route to central Pensacola. The route leaves the county at the Escambia Bay Bridge and has two interchanges within Santa Rosa County before crossing another bridge over the Blackwater River. After that bridge it has two more interchanges with a pair of rest areas in between before crossing the Santa Rosa–Okaloosa County line.

The road crosses the border between the Central and Eastern time zones at the long Dewey M. Johnson Bridge, over the Apalachicola River. East of the bridge over the Ochlockonee River and the rest areas that follow, I-10 widens from four to six lanes and remains that way until after the interchange with SR 61 and US 319.

Like US 29 in Escambia County, the median for I-10 widens in the vicinity of I-75 at exits 296A and 296B in order to accommodate flyover on-ramps that enter from the left sides of the road.

A 21-mile-long (34 km) segment between exits 303 and 324 contains no interchanges because it passes through a portion of Osceola National Forest. The sole means of leaving and re-entering the highway in this section is at a pair of rest areas, the easternmost rest areas along I-10. The road widens to six lanes again at the interchange with the First Coast Expressway. Just as I-75 did with I-10 in Columbia County, I-10's interchange with I-295 uses single ramps leading to both directions on I-295 with east-to-north and south-to-west flyover ramps leading to the median of I-295. US 17 overlaps I-10 for two exits before the eastern terminus of the Interstate, located in the Brooklyn neighborhood of Jacksonville's urban core at I-95.

HistoryEdit

ConstructionEdit

 
I-10 west at the interchange for US 17 Alt. south in Jacksonville

Prior to the construction of I-10, US 90 was the main east–west highway across the state.

The first section of I-10 in Florida was completed between Sanderson and Jacksonville in 1961. Construction on points westward continued in 1962. The route between Sanderson and Winfield was completed in 1963. By 1967, construction had been completed from the Alabama state line to SR 87, and was under construction from Falmouth to I-75. New construction extending I-10 east from SR 87 to Mossy Head began in 1968. The Falmouth to I-75 segment opened in 1969. Construction began in 1970 further extending I-10 eastward from Mossy Head to DeFuniak Springs. New construction began in 1973 from DeFuniak Springs to Caryville and from Drifton to Capitola; the segment between Drifton and Falmouth opened that year. The Capitola–Drifton segment was completed the following year. Construction began between Caryville and Chipley in 1974, and from Chipley to Midway in 1975. The segment between Chipley and Midway was completed in 1977 except for a small portion between Kynesville and Oakdale; in 1978, the entire length of I-10, as well as the I-110 spur in Pensacola across the state opened along its original planned route.[2]

During the planning stage of construction, I-10 was placed just north of the central business district of Tallahassee, roughly along the current route of US 90 through town, while later a spur route was proposed to go to the core of the city. Both of these proposals were dropped and a route across the north side of the city was chosen. In 2008 the Interstate stretch in Tallahassee was expanded to six lanes to alleviate congestion.

In 2002, I-10, along with most of Florida's Interstates, switched over from a sequential exit numbering system to a mileage-based exit numbering system.[3]

Rest area security concernsEdit

 
I-10 west in Tallahassee

In 1993, a British tourist was killed at the Jefferson County rest area in a botched burglary by teens.[4][5] As a result, Florida rest stops were either patrolled or closed for at least two years when lawmakers approved cut-backs.[6] A number of rest areas are currently regularly patrolled at night by armed security, often private, due to a resurgence in rest area-related violent crime.[7]

Hurricane IvanEdit

On September 16, 2004, Hurricane Ivan made landfall near Pensacola, with the resulting storm surge causing heavy damage to the I-10 bridge across Escambia Bay. As much as a quarter mile (400 m) of the bridge, consisting of 58 bridge segments, collapsed into the bay, and an additional 66 segments were knocked out of alignment; most of the damage was to the eastbound lanes.[8] A $26.5 million project was awarded the following day to Gilbert Southern/Massman and to the Parsons Corporation to make emergency repairs to the bridge. Work was completed on October 4 on the westbound bridge, restoring two-way traffic seven days ahead of schedule. The more heavily damaged eastbound bridge was completely repaired on November 20, just 66 days after Hurricane Ivan made landfall, and 27 days ahead of schedule. The contractor received $1.5 million in bonuses for the early completion. The commercial truck detour sent truck traffic into Alabama and I-65 to avoid the bridges.

The causeway that carries US 90 across the northern part of the same bay was also heavily damaged.

Exit listEdit

CountyLocationmi[1]kmOld exit[3]New exitDestinationsNotes
Escambia0.0000.000  I-10 west – MobileAlabama state line (Perdido River)
1.1[9]1.8Inspection station (eastbound only)
3.4[9]5.5Weigh station
4.4[9]7.1Florida Welcome Center (eastbound only)
5.5238.88815 
  US 90 Alt. (SR 10)
Pine Forest7.09211.41327  SR 297 (Pine Forest Road) – Pensacola NAS, Perdido KeySigned as exits 7A (south) and 7B (north) eastbound
BrentEnsley line10.27016.528310  US 29 (Pensacola Boulevard / SR 95) – Pensacola, CantonmentSigned as exits 10A (south) and 10B (north)
12.42219.991412   I-110 south (SR 8A) – Pensacola, Pensacola Beach, AirportExit 6 on I-110; Northern terminus of I-110
Ferry Pass12.92820.806513   SR 291 (Davis Highway)Access to West Florida Hospital
16.49526.546617  US 90 (SR 10A) – Pensacola, Pace
Escambia Bay16.549–
19.166[9]
26.633–
30.845
Escambia Bay Bridge
Santa Rosa21.70034.923722   SR 281 north / SR 281 south – Milton, Gulf Breeze
25.94641.756826  CR 191 – Milton, Bagdad
27.158–
27.747[9]
43.707–
44.654
Bridge over Blackwater River
28.41545.730928  CR 89 – Milton
30.2[9]48.6Rest area
31.26550.3161031  SR 87 – Fort Walton Beach, Milton, Navarre
Okaloosa45.07272.5361145  CR 189 – Holt
Crestview56.30090.6061256  SR 85 – Crestview, Niceville
60.0[9]96.6Rest area
WaltonMossy Head69.482111.8201370  SR 285 – Niceville, Eglin AFB, Hurlburt Field
DeFuniak Springs84.588136.1311485   US 331 (SR 83) – DeFuniak Springs, FreeportAccess to Healthmark Regional Medical Center
HolmesPonce de Leon96.018154.5261596  SR 81 – Ponce de LeonRest area in southeast corner
Washington104.038167.43316104  CR 279 – Caryville
HolmesBonifay111.685179.74017112  SR 79 – Bonifay, Panama City Beach
WashingtonChipley119.680192.60618120   SR 77 – Chipley, Panama CityAccess to Northwest Florida Community Hospital
Jackson129.833208.94619130  US 231 (SR 75) – Cottondale, Panama City
133.2[9]214.4Rest area
Marianna136.441219.58120136  SR 276 – Marianna
142.126228.73021142   SR 71 – Marianna, BlountstownAccess to Jackson Hospital
152.041244.68622152  SR 69 – Grand Ridge, Blountstown
155.6[9]250.4Weigh station
158.011254.29423158  CR 286 – Sneads
Apalachicola River160.061–
161.220[9]
257.593–
259.458
Dewey M. Johnson Bridge, Central/Eastern Time Zone boundary
Gadsden161.30[9]259.59Rest area
165.729266.71524166  CR 270A – Chattahoochee
174.093280.17625174  SR 12 – Quincy, Gretna, Greensboro
180.963291.23226181   SR 267 – QuincyAccess to Capital Regional Medical Center-Gadsden Memorial Campus
Midway191.949308.91227192  US 90 (SR 10) – Midway, Quincy, Tallahassee
Ochlockonee River193.569–
193.798[9]
311.519–
311.888
Bridge
Leon194.3[9]312.7Rest area
Tallahassee195.731314.99928196  SR 263 (Capital Circle Northwest) – Regional Airport
199.010320.27629199  US 27 (Monroe Street / SR 63) – State Capitol
202.678326.17930203    US 319 / SR 61 (Thomasville Road / Capital Circle Northeast / SR 261)Access to Capital Regional Medical Center
208.570335.66131209  US 90 (SR 10) – Tallahassee, MonticelloSigned as exits 209A (west) and 209B (east)
Jefferson216.737348.80432217  SR 59
225.055362.19133225  US 19 (Florida-Georgia Parkway / SR 57) – Monticello, Perry, Thomasville
232.849374.73434233  CR 257
234.8[9]377.9Rest area
Madison241.217388.20135241  US 221 (SR 55) – Greenville, Perry
251.520404.78236251  SR 14 – Madison, Perry
258.106415.38137258  SR 53 – Madison
261.771421.28038262  CR 255 – Lee
263.3[9]423.7Weigh station
264.9[9]426.3Rest area
Suwannee River268.142–
268.246[9]
431.533–
431.700
Bridge
Suwannee270.6[9]435.5Inspection station
274.642441.99339275  US 90 (SR 10) – Live Oak, Lee
282.770455.07440283   US 129 (SR 51) – Live Oak, JasperAccess to Shands Live Oak Regional Medical Center
292.127470.13341292  CR 137 – Wellborn
293.4[9]472.2Rest area (eastbound)
Columbia294.4[9]473.8Rest area (westbound)
296.199476.68642296  I-75 (SR 93) – Tampa, ValdostaSigned as exits 296A (south) and 296B (north); exit 435 on I-75
301.293484.88443301   US 41 (SR 25 / SR 100) – Lake City, White SpringsAccess to Shands Lake Shore Regional Medical Center
Lake City303.458488.36844303   US 441 (SR 47) – Lake City, FargoAccess to Shands Lake Shore Regional Medical Center
Baker317.8[9]511.4Rest area
323.827521.14945324  US 90 (SR 10) – Sanderson, Olustee
326.750525.85346327  CR 229 – Sanderson, Raiford
332.782535.56147333  CR 125 – Glen St. Mary
Macclenny335.145539.36448335  SR 121 – Macclenny, Lake Butler, Gainesville
336.312541.24249336   SR 228 – Macclenny, MaxvilleAccess to Ed Fraser Memorial Hospital
Nassau
No major junctions
Duval343.879553.42050343  US 301 (SR 200) – Baldwin, Starke
350.370563.866350    SR 23 south (Cecil Commerce Center Parkway) / SR 23 north to US 90 (Beaver Street)opened in 2010, replaced rest area, signed as exits 350A (south) and 350B (north) eastbound
Whitehouse352.096566.64451351Chaffee Road (CR 115C) – Whitehouse)
Marietta355Hammond BoulevardOpened June 8, 2016[10]
356.269573.35952355Marietta (Cahoon Road)Former right-in/right-out; replaced 2016 by Hammond Boulevard exit
Jacksonville356.838574.27553356  I-295 (Beltway / SR 9A) – Daytona Beach, SavannahExit 21 on I-295
357.910576.00054357  SR 103 (Lane Avenue)
359.185578.05255358  SR 111 (Cassat Avenue / Edgewood Avenue)
359.895579.19556359Luna Street to Lenox Avenue / Highway AvenueWestbound exit and eastbound entrance
360.773580.60857360  SR 129 (McDuff Avenue)
361.046581.04758361   US 17 south / SR 228 west (Roosevelt Boulevard / SR 15 south) – NAS JaxWest end of US 17 / SR 15 / SR 228 overlap; westbound exit and eastbound entrance
361.642582.00659362  Stockton Street - RiversideAccess to St. Vincent's Medical Center Riverside
362.057582.674    I-95 / US 17 north / SR 228 east (SR 9 / SR 15 north) – Jax Beaches, Daytona Beach, Downtown Jacksonville, SavannahI-95 exit 351B
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Florida Department of Transportation. "FDOT Interchange Report" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on February 8, 2012. Retrieved October 4, 2007.
  2. ^ "Florida's Interstates: A Half Century of Progress". Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved October 4, 2014.
  3. ^ a b "Florida's Interstate Exit Numbers- I-10". Florida Department of Transportation. Retrieved November 18, 2010.
  4. ^ "Orlando Sentinel: Articles about Rest stop". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved October 4, 2014.
  5. ^ "Crist: Appeal Denied in British Tourist's I-10 Rest Stop Murder" (Press release). Archived from the original on June 17, 2011.
  6. ^ Rohter, Larry (September 15, 1993). "Tourist Killed in Florida, Prompting New Patrols". The New York Times. Retrieved July 5, 2010.
  7. ^ Santana, Sofia (May 30, 2008). "Highway rest areas no place to let your guard down". South Florida Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved December 30, 2008.
  8. ^ "Aerial Tour of Panhandle Shows Devastation". Orlando: WESH. Archived from the original on February 29, 2012.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u "FDOT straight line diagrams". Archived from the original on March 6, 2014. Retrieved March 13, 2014.
  10. ^ http://jacksonville.com/news/metro/2016-06-08/story/new-i-10-marietta-overpass-and-interchange-scheduled-open-wednesday

External linksEdit

Route map:

KML is from Wikidata


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