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Peru (orthographic projection).svg
An enlargeable map of the Republic of Peru

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Peru:

Peru – country located in western South America, on the Pacific Coast, north of Chile. Peruvian territory was home to several ancient cultures. Ranging from the Norte Chico civilization in the 32nd century BC, the oldest civilization in the Americas and one of the five cradles of civilization, to the Inca Empire, the largest state in pre-Columbian America, the territory now including Peru has one of the longest histories of civilization of any country, tracing its heritage back to the 4th millennia BCE. The Spanish Empire conquered the region in the 16th century and established a Viceroyalty, which included most of its South American colonies. After achieving independence in 1821, Peru has undergone periods of political unrest and fiscal crisis as well as periods of stability and economic upswing.


General referenceEdit

Geography of PeruEdit

An enlargeable topographic map of Peru

Geography of Peru

  Brazil 2,995 km
  Colombia 1,800 km
  Ecuador 1,420 km
  Bolivia 1,075 km
  Chile 171 km

Environment of PeruEdit

An enlargeable satellite image of Peru

Natural geographic features of PeruEdit

Regions of PeruEdit

Administrative divisions of PeruEdit

Administrative divisions of Peru

Regions of PeruEdit

Regions of Peru Peru is divided into 25 regions and the province of Lima.

Provinces of PeruEdit

Provinces of Peru

Districts of PeruEdit

Districts of Peru

Municipalities of PeruEdit

Municipalities of Peru

Demography of PeruEdit

Demographics of Peru

Neighbours of PeruEdit

Peru is bordered by:

Government and politics of PeruEdit

Branches of the government of PeruEdit

Executive branch of the government of PeruEdit

Legislative branch of the government of PeruEdit

Judicial branch of the government of PeruEdit

Foreign relations of PeruEdit

International organization membershipEdit

The Republic of Peru is a member of:[1]

Law and order in PeruEdit

Military of PeruEdit

Local government in PeruEdit

History of PeruEdit

Culture of PeruEdit

Economy and infrastructure of PeruEdit

Education in PeruEdit

See alsoEdit



  1. ^ "Peru". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. July 13, 2009. Retrieved July 23, 2009.

External linksEdit

  Wikimedia Atlas of Peru

  • (in Spanish) Web portal of the Peruvian Government
  • (in Spanish) Directory of Peruvian Government websites
General reference