Lima Province is located in the central coast of Peru and is the only province in the country not belonging to any of the twenty-five regions, thus being quasi-autonomous. Its capital is Lima, which is also the nation's capital.

Lima Province
Flag of Lima Province
Coat of arms of Lima Province
Location of Lima Province in Peru
Location of Lima Province in Peru
Coordinates: 12°02′06″S 77°01′07″W / 12.03500°S 77.01861°W / -12.03500; -77.01861
Country Peru
FoundedJanuary 18, 1535
 • MayorRafael López Aliaga
 • Total2,672.28 km2 (1,031.77 sq mi)
 • Total11,321,000
 • Density4,200/km2 (11,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-5 (PET)

Despite its small area, this province is the major industrial and economic powerhouse of the Peruvian economy. It concentrates almost one-third of the country's population and 50% of Peru's GDP in 2012.

History edit

The province was created in 1821, as Peru's territory was divided into departments, provinces, districts and parishes. The province was part of the Lima Department, which was formed by the territories of present-day Lima, Callao and Ica regions, and the provinces of Casma, Huarmey and Santa, which later would be part of the La Costa Department.[citation needed]

The department was further subdivided as time passed but the Lima Province kept being part of it. Due to the massive migration from other areas of the country, the need to separate the province from the rest of the department was forecast by experts.[citation needed]

In 2002, the new regionalization law passed by President Alejandro Toledo made the Lima Province a separate entity from the rest of the newly created Lima Region.

Political division edit

The province is divided into 43 districts of Lima. Each of them is headed by a mayor, although the Metropolitan Municipality of Lima (Municipalidad Metropolitana de Lima), led by the mayor of Lima, also exercises its authority in these districts. These districts are grouped together into four sectors: Central Lima, North Lima, East Lima, and South Lima.[citation needed]

All the districts of Lima province are fused together in a continuous urban area, with the exception of the beach resort of Ancón and Santa Rosa in the north and Punta Hermosa, Punta Negra, San Bartolo, Santa Maria del Mar and Pucusana in the south.[citation needed]

Boundaries edit

Government edit

Plaza Mayor in Lima, Peru.
Andean Mountain basal stone monument in Lima, Peru (Taulichusco Monument)
Municipal Palace, headquarters of the Municipality

Lima Province is administered by the Metropolitan Municipality of Lima (Municipalidad Metropolitana de Lima), which also administers the city of Lima. Its current mayor is Rafael Bernardo López Aliaga Cazorla (2023-2026).

Climate edit

From April to December, Lima is often covered in coastal fog and mist, while in January to late March, the weather is generally sunny.[2]

Tourism edit

Lima has various tourist destinations and activities, including pre-Inca period pyramids, museums and modern shopping malls.[2] There are many restaurants, some of which specialize in fresh seafood, bars and nightclubs.[2] There are many beaches for sunbathing, swimming and fishing.[2]

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Estadística Poblacional - Ministerio de Salud del Perú".
  2. ^ a b c d Lima Travel Information from Lonely Planet Travel Guides and Travel Information. Retrieved August 2009.

External links edit