Department of La Libertad

(Redirected from La Libertad Region)

La Libertad (Spanish pronunciation: [la liβeɾˈtað]; in English: The Liberty) is a region in northwestern Peru. Formerly it was known as the Department of La Libertad (Departamento de La Libertad). It is bordered by the Lambayeque, Cajamarca and Amazonas regions on the north, the San Martín Region on the east, the Ancash and Huánuco regions on the south and the Pacific Ocean on the west. Its capital is Trujillo, which is the nation's third biggest city. The region's main port is Salaverry, one of Peru's largest ports. The name of the region is Spanish for "freedom" or "liberty"; it was named in honor of the Intendencia of Trujillo's proclaiming independence from Spain in 1820 and fighting for that. It is the ninth smallest department in Peru, but it is also its second-most populous department after Piura and its second-most densely populated department after Lambayeque.

Department of La Libertad
Departamento de La Libertad (Spanish)
Flag of Department of La Libertad
Official seal of Department of La Libertad
Location of the La Libertad Region in Peru
Location of the La Libertad Region in Peru
Subdivisions12 provinces and 83 districts
 • BodyRegional Council of La Libertad
 • GovernorCésar Acuña
 • Congressmen
7 Congressman
 • Total25,499.9 km2 (9,845.6 sq mi)
34 m (112 ft)
Highest elevation
4,008 m (13,150 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
 • Total1,778,080
 • Density70/km2 (180/sq mi)
Dialing code044
ISO 3166 codePE-LAL
Principal resourcesNation's largest sugar cane producer, and second-largest producer of rice.
Poverty rate18.4%
Percentage of Peru's GDP4.18%

Name edit

During the viceroyalty of Peru, the La Libertad region, together with the present-day regions of Lambayeque, Piura and Tumbes regions in Peru, and Guayaquil and El Oro Province in Ecuador, were all within the jurisdiction of the Intendencía de Trujillo. These were included in the domain of the city of Trujillo; together they comprised the Departamento de Trujillo of the viceroyalty.

After the Intendencía joined the emancipation cause and was the first to gain independence from Spain, in 1825 the Congress of the Peruvian republic changed the name to Departmento de la Libertad. Since the late 20th century, Peru has decentralized its government. All former Departments in Peru are now called Regions; their governors are elected, and they have more independent authority in decisionmaking.

Geography edit

La Libertad is the only Peruvian region that includes all three natural regions of the nation: coast, Sierra (highlands), and selva (rainforest).

Trujillo, the capital, has a strategic location, near where the Andes come closest to the coast. Seen from Trujillo, the Andes appears as a row of low-elevation hills. The Andean Plateau increases altitude sharply to the east, in the provinces of Otuzco and Santiago de Chuco. These two provinces comprise the Pacific hydrographic watershed, which give rise to the Moche and Virú rivers, to the south, and Chicama River to the north. Pacasmayo Province, located more to the north, is along the coast. To the east, Sánchez Carrión Province waterways drain into the Amazon River and thus belong to the Atlantic Ocean watershed.[citation needed]

Demographics edit

Population edit

La Libertad region is the third-most populous in Peru; the census 2007 recorded 1,617,050 residents, representing 5.9% of the Peruvian population. It was surpassed only by the Department of Lima and Piura. In 2012 its capital Trujillo is the second-most populated metropolitan area in Peru and the largest city in northern Peru. The largest population is concentrated in provincial capitals and districts, which comprise the majority urban population in La Libertad region. The migrant population to the region comes from border departments and immigrants from other countries.

Principal cities edit

The principal cities in La Libertad region are shown in the next table.

Nº. City Population
Cens. 2007
District Province Mayor
Trujillo 682.834 Trujillo Trujillo Daniel Marcelo Jacinto
Chepén 41,358 Chepén Chepén José David Lías Ventura
San Pedro de Lloc 16.198 San Pedro de Lloc Pacasmayo Victor Raúl Cruzado Rivera
Pacasmayo 26.125 Pacasmayo Pacasmayo César Rodolfo Milla Manay
Guadalupe 36,580 Guadalupe Pacasmayo Benjamín Javier Banda Abanto[1]
Santiago de Chuco 25.000 Santiago de Chuco Santiago de Chuco Juan Gabriel Alipioz
Virú 36.029 Virú Virú Andrés Ostino Chávez Gonzáles
Otuzco 25.134 Otuzco Otuzco Heli A. Verde Rodríguez
Huamachuco 59,407 Huamachuco Sánchez Carrión Benito Robert Contreras Morales
10° Cascas Juan Julio Iglesias Gutiérrez Cascas Gran Chimú -
11° Bolívar Odar Sánchez Peche Bolívar Bolívar -
12° Tayabamba Omar Armando Iparraguirre Espinoza Tayabamba Pataz -
13° Julcán Marco Antonio Rodríguez Espejo Julcán Julcán -
14° Ascope - Ascope Ascope John Román Vargas Campos
15° Casa Grande Casa Grande Ascope
15° Paiján Paiján Ascope

Political division edit

Map of the La Libertad region showing its provinces

The Region is separated into 12 provinces (provincias), political divisions that generally correspond to counties in the United States of America. A Peruvian Region has as its head political executive a governor (governador), an elected official. The head political executive of each province is a lieutenant governor (teniente governador), an official appointed by the governor. These 12 provinces comprise a total of 80 districts (distritos). The provinces, with their capitals are:

Nº. Province Population
Cens. 2007
Capital Mayor
Trujillo 811,979 Trujillo Daniel Marcelo Jacinto
Chepén 75,980 Chepén José David Lías Ventura
Pacasmayo 94,377 San Pedro de Lloc Victor Raúl Cruzado Rivera
Ascope 116,229 Ascope John Román Vargas Campos
Bolívar 16,650 Bolívar Odar Sánchez Peche
Santiago de Chuco 58,320 Santiago de Chuco Juan Gabriel Alipioz
Virú 76,710 Virú Andrés Ostino Chávez Gonzáles
Otuzco 88,817 Otuzco Heli A. Verde Rodríguez
Sánchez Carrión 136,221 Huamachuco Benito Robert Contreras Morales
10° Gran Chimú 30,399 Cascas Juan Julio Iglesias Gutierrez
11° Julcán 32,985 Julcán Marco Antonio Rodríguez Espejo
12° Pataz 78,383 Tayabamba Omar Armando Iparraguirre Espinoza

Economy edit

Principal companies edit

Some of the main companies in La Libertad Region are the following:

Archaeology edit

Chan Chan, the huge adobe town from Chimu time
Aia Paec, Moche god

The coastal strip set the stage for the rise of many pre-Columbian cultures, such as the pre-Ceramic Huaca Prieta civilization, which is more than 5,000 years old & the Cupisnique, which is more than 3,000 years old. From 200 A.C., the first one to expand beyond its cradle was the Moche or Mochica culture. It was basically an agriculture and/or a warrior culture, which built countless temples and palaces such as the Sol (Sun), Luna (Moon), El Brujo & Cao Viejo, and other huacas. The Chimú culture emerged later and built its capital in Chan Chan, the largest pre-Columbian city in South America, & huacas like Esmeralda & Arco Iris (Rainbow). At its zenith, Chan Chan was home to 60,000 inhabitants who stubbornly resisted the expansion of the Inca Empire. These ancient cultures used irrigation canals and water reservoirs, which systems were increasingly better engineered and extensive over the years. The technological acumen of these sophisticated agricultural systems was carried into the Inca Empire, which surrounded the remnants of the prior cultures. The Spanish colonizers destroyed most of the agricultural works to more effectively establish political control and provide de facto slave labor from the displaced native agriculturalists.

The archaeological remains of Chan Chan, 6 km (3.7 mi) northeast of downtown Trujillo, are rather well-preserved despite being built out of adobe (mud bricks), largely because 1) dearth of rainfall and consequent erosion, and 2) lack of significant re-use of its construction materials (adobes do not respond easily to removal and transport and are relatively cheap to make on-site in current methods of construction).

During the Late Moche phase (AD 600 to 850), one of the largest power centers of the region was the fortified site of Cerro Chepén in the Jequetepeque Valley. It is located 3 km (1.9 mi) to the south of the site of San José de Moro.[2]

Cerro Chepén has a sophisticated system of fortifications, and a dominant position on top of the hill, with many monumental buildings. Recent excavations at the site revealed that there was much internal conflict there that affected local communities.[3]

Archeological sites edit

Some of the archeological sites in La Libertad Region are:

Places of interest edit

Ecological regions edit

Regions of La Libertad
Litoral Trujillano
Huanchaco at Coast
Andean landscape of Huamachuco
Yanasara, Andes de La Libertad

Water supply and sanitation edit

The public company for water supply and sanitation in La Libertad Region is SEDALIB which is formed by shareholders of municipalities of the Region.[citation needed]

Culture edit

Festivals and events edit

  • Spring Festival
  • Marinera Festival
  • International Calzaferia El Porvenir. It is a fair of footwear and in 2012 took place the 10th edition; it is held in El Porvenir city.[4]
  • Regional Fair of the Pineapple. It is held in the town of Poroto.[5]
  • Virgin of La Puerta. Patronal Feast; the celebration originated in 1664 when it placed the image of the Virgin at the entrance of Otuzco as precaution of the risk of a pirate raid. The main day is celebrated on December 15 every year and in 2012 the feast of Our Lady of the Gate was declared a National Cultural Heritage by the Peruvian government.[6]
  • Contradanza. Expression cultivated in Huamachuco city, in the villages Urpay, Shiracmaca and Culicanda. This dance in 2012 has been declared a National Cultural Heritage by the Peruvian government.[7]

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^
  2. ^ San José de Moro Region. SAN JOSÉ DE MORO Archaeological Program, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú
  3. ^ Marco Rosas, Cerro Chepen and the Late Moche Collapse in the Jequetepeque Valley, North Coast of Peru 2010
  4. ^ "Trujillo: X Calzaferia llegó a su fin con éxito". Retrieved November 25, 2012.
  5. ^ "Trujillo: Relanzarán Feria Regional de la Piña en Poroto". Retrieved November 25, 2012.
  6. ^ "Fiesta de la Virgen de la Puerta fue declarada Patrimonio Cultural de la Nación". Retrieved May 21, 2012.
  7. ^ "Contradanza de Huamachuco ya es patrimonio de la Nación". Archived from the original on November 30, 2012. Retrieved November 26, 2012.

8°0′S 78°30′W / 8.000°S 78.500°W / -8.000; -78.500