List of oldest companies

This list of the oldest companies in the world includes brands and companies, excluding associations and educational, government, or religious organizations. To be listed, a brand or company name must remain operating, either in whole or in part, since inception. Note however that such claims are often open to question and should be researched further before citing them.

StatisticsEdit

According to a report published by the Bank of Korea in 2008 that looked at 41 countries, there were 5,586 companies older than 200 years. Of these, 3,146 (56%) are in Japan, 837 (15%) in Germany, 222 (4%) in the Netherlands, and 196 (3%) in France.[1] Of the companies with more than 100 years of history, most of them (89%) employ fewer than 300 people.[1][2]

In Japan, very old companies, called shinise, are particularly prestigious. A nationwide Japanese survey counted more than 21,000 companies older than 100 years as of September 30, 2009.[3]

Founded before 1300Edit

 
A spa bath at Hōshi Ryokan in the Awazu Onsen area of Komatsu, in Ishikawa Prefecture, Japan. The ryokan was established in 718 AD.
Year Company Current location Field Sources
578 Kongō Gumi[a] Japan Construction [4][5][6][7]
705 Nishiyama Onsen Keiunkan Japan Hotel [8][9]
717 Koman Japan Hotel [9][10]
718 Hōshi Ryokan Japan Hotel [10][11]
771 Genda Shigyō Japan Ceremonial paper goods [12]
803 St. Peter Stiftskulinarium Austria Restaurant [13][14][15]
862 Staffelter Hof Germany Wine [16][17]
864 Monnaie de Paris France Mint [18]
885 Tanaka-Iga Japan Religious goods [10][19]
886 The Royal Mint United Kingdom Mint [20]
970 Nakamura Shaji[b] Japan Construction [10]
1000 Château de Goulaine France Wine [19][21]
1000 Ichimonjiya Wasuke Japan Confectionery [22]
1024 Shumiya-Shinbutsuguten Japan Religious goods [19]
1050 Weltenburger Germany Brewery [19][23]
1068 Otterton Mill United Kingdom Watermill [24]
1074 Benediktinerstift Admont Austria Woodworking [25]
1075 Takahan Ryokan Japan Hotel [26]
1100 Schloss Johannisberg Germany Wine [27][28]
1120 Zum Roten Bären Germany Hotel [19]
1131 Hofbrauhaus Arolsen[c] Germany Brewery [23][29]
1134 Geto Onsen Japan Hotel [30]
1135 Munke Mølle Denmark Mill [31][32]
1135 The Olde Bell United Kingdom Hotel [33][34]
1136 Aberdeen Harbour Board United Kingdom Harbour [19][35]
1141 Barone Ricasoli Italy Wine
1141 Sudo Honke Japan Sake [36][37][38]
1153 Ma Yu Ching China Restaurant [39]
1160 Tsuen Tea Japan Tea [10]
1165 Gostilna Gastuž Slovenia Restaurant [40]
1177–1180 Gorobee Ame Japan Confectionery [41]
1184 Fujito Japan Confectionery [42]
1184 Kikuoka Japan Herbs [43][44]
1184 Sakan Ryokan Japan Hotel [45][46]
1189 Ito Tekko Japan Metalworking [47]
1190 Shirasagiyu Tawaraya Japan Hotel [48]
1190–1199 Kotabe Foundry Japan Foundry [49]
1191 Tosen Goshobo Japan Hotel [50]
1191 Arima Onsen Okunobo Japan Hotel [51][52]
1192 Yoshinoya Irokuen Japan Hotel [53]
1203 Angel and Royal United Kingdom Hotel [54][55][56]
1218 Casa de Ganaderos Spain Sheep farming [57][58]
1220 The Old Bell United Kingdom Hotel [59][60][61]
1230 (approx.) Gasthof Sternen Switzerland Restaurant [62]
1239 Eyguebelle France Wine [2][25]
1242 The Bear Inn United Kingdom Pub [63][64][65]
1245 Gasthof zur Blume Switzerland Restaurant [66]
1246 Sanct Peter Germany Hotel [67][68]
1248 Bochnia Poland Salt [69][70]
1249 Adam & Eve United Kingdom Pub [71][72][73]
1250 Wieliczka Poland Salt [74][75]
1250 Drohobych Ukraine Salt [76][77]
1266 Freiberger Brauhaus Germany Brewery [23][78][79]
1266 Bolten-Brauerei Germany Brewery [23][80][81]
1268 Aldersbach Germany Brewery [23][82]
1270 Frapin France Cognac [83][84]
1270 Hirter Austria Brewery [85][86]
1273 Piwnica Świdnicka Poland Restaurant [87]
1283 Fürstenberg Brewery Germany Brewery [23][88][89]
1283 Rhanerbräu Germany Brewery [23][90]
1288 Stora Enso Finland Originally mining, currently paper [19][91]
1295 Barovier Italy Glass [92]
  1. ^ Subsidiary of Takamatsu since 2006.
  2. ^ Subsidiary of Kongō Gumi since 2007.
  3. ^ Legally re-incorporated in 1910 as "Hofbrauhaus Heinrich Brüne GmbH & Co. KG" when Heinrich Brüne purchased the (former) royal brewery "Hofbrauhaus Arolsen", although they continue to use the name Arolsen.

1300 to 1399Edit

 
An image of the old Kremnica Mint building in Kremnica, central Slovakia. It is now an exposition of historical machines.
 
The Old Crown is a pub in Deritend, England, an historic area of Birmingham, and is the oldest extant secular building in Birmingham.[93] It is Grade II* listed, and claims to date back to circa 1368.
 
Schloss Vollrads is a castle and a wine estate in the Rheingau wine-growing region in Germany that claims to have been making wine for over 800 years.[94]
Year Company Current location Field Sources
1300 Kuchlbauer Germany Brewery [95]
1300 Grauer Bär (Orso Grigio) Italy Hotel [96]
1304 Pilgrim Haus Germany Hotel
1308 Aktienbrauerei Kaufbeuren Germany Brewery [97]
1308 Frescobaldi Italy Wine [98]
1311 Notoya Japan Hotel [48]
1312 Higashiya Japan Hotel [99]
1313 Bratwursthäusle Nürnberg Germany Restaurant [100]
1313 Landgasthof Mayr Austria Inn [101]
1314 Garley Germany Brewery [102]
1318 Rats-Apotheke Germany Pharmacy [103]
1319 Sankogan Japan Pharmacy [104]
1321 Browar Namysłów Poland Brewery [25][105]
1323 Interlaken Switzerland Hotel [106][107]
1325 The Old Bell United Kingdom Pub [108][109][110]
1326 Richard de Bas France Paper
1327 Korenya Shingetsuan Japan Confectionery [111]
1328 Augustiner-Bräu Germany Brewery [112][113]
1328 Kremnica Mint Slovakia Mint [19]
1329 Kanbukuro Japan Confectionery [114]
1330 Schloss Vollrads Germany Wine [94]
1331 Hofpfisterei Germany Bakery [115]
before 1333 Kuroda Sennendo Japan Confectionery [116]
1334 Gmachl Austria Hotel [101][117]
1335 Karthäuserhof Germany Wine [118]
1337 Maruya Hatchomiso Japan Miso [119]
1339 Marinelli Bell Foundry Italy Foundry
1340 Brand Netherlands Brewery [120]
1340 Landgasthof Löwen Switzerland Restaurant [121]
1345 La Couronne France Restaurant [122]
1346 Goldene Gans Germany Brewery [123]
1346 Takata Japan Textile [124]
1346 Skyllbergs bruk Sweden Iron processing [125]
1348 Pivovar Broumov Czech Republic Brewery [25][126]
1348 Haus zum Rüden Zürich Switzerland Restaurant [127]
1349 Shiose Japan Confectionery [128]
1349 Gasthof zum Goldenen Sternen Switzerland Restaurant [129]
1350 Schmidberger Austria Blacksmith [130]
1352 Domaine des Molards Switzerland Vineyard [131]
1354 Zum Weinberg Germany Restaurant [132]
1356 Gasthof zum Bären Switzerland Restaurant [133]
1357 Hotel Storchen Zürich Switzerland Hotel [134]
1363 Franziskaner Germany Brewery
1364 Löwen-Apotheke Germany Pharmacy [135]
1364 Wierzynek Poland Restaurant [136]
1366 Stella Artois Belgium Brewery [25]
1367 H. Rüetschi Switzerland Bell [137]
1368 Old Crown United Kingdom Restaurant
1368 Uiro Japan Pharmacy [138]
1369 Torrini Firenze Italy Jewelry
1371 Wynhus zum Bären Switzerland Restaurant [139]
1375 Al Cappello Rosso Italy Hotel [140]
1378 Einbecker Germany Brewery [141]
1380 Gastagwirt Austria Hotel [142]
1380 Roter Hahn Germany Hotel [143]
1383 Löwenbräu Germany Brewery [144]
1385 Antinori Italy Wine
1386 Riegele Germany Brewery [145]
1387 Veneranda Fabbrica del Duomo di Milano Italy Church [146]
1389 Engel-Apotheke Switzerland Pharmacy [147]
1390 Goldener Adler Austria Hotel [148]
1390 The Olde Bell United Kingdom Hotel [149]
1392 Matsumaeya Japan Sea weed [150][151]
1394 Allgäuer Brauhaus Germany Brewery [152]
1395 Namariichi Japan Chemicals [153]
1396 Hotel Adler Switzerland Hotel [154]
1397 Hotel de Draak Netherlands Hotel [120]
1397 Spaten Germany Brewery
1398 Schnupp Germany Restaurant [155]
1399 Stein Austria Hotel [156]

1400 to 1499Edit

 
Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena in Siena, Italy, is the oldest surviving bank in the world and Italy's third largest bank. It was founded in 1472.
 
The Raeapteek in the center of Tallinn city, Estonia is one of the oldest continuously running pharmacies in Europe, having always been in business in the same exact house since the early 15th century. It is also the oldest commercial enterprise and the oldest medical establishment in Tallinn.
 
The Zum Riesen hotel in Miltenberg, Germany, 2014. Zum Riesen is one of the oldest hotels in Germany, dating back to at least 1411.
Year Company Current location Field Sources
1405 Ratskeller Bremen Germany Restaurant
1405 Schlenkerla Germany Brewery
1410 Schremser Austria Brewery [157]
1411 Zum Riesen Germany Restaurant [158][159]
1412 Zum Goldenen Sternen Switzerland Restaurant [160]
1413 Zum Stachel Germany Restaurant [161]
1416 Bianyifang China Restaurant [162]
1418 Krone Switzerland Hotel [163]
1418 Krumbad Germany Baths [164]
1418 Les Bonnets Rouges France Hotel [165]
1419 Barbarossa Hotel Germany Hotel [166]
1421 Kameya Mutsu Japan Confectionery [167]
1422 Raeapteek Estonia Pharmacy
1426 Mühle Sting Germany Mill [168]
1428 Saku Japan Hotel [169]
1429 Gablerbräu Austria Restaurant [170][171]
1430 Kronen Germany Brewery [172]
1431 Bratwurst-Röslein Germany Restaurant [173]
1434 Lodenwalker Austria Clothing [174]
1435 Schloss Sommerhausen Germany Wine [175]
1435 Hecht Am See Switzerland Restaurant [176]
1436 Wernesgrüner Germany Brewery
1437 Moserhof Austria Hotel [177]
1438 Andechs Germany Restaurant [178]
1438 Camuffo di Portogruaro Italy Boat building
1439 Weideneder Germany Brewery [179]
1439 Zum Goldenen Anker Germany Hotel [180]
1441-1450 Grafelijke Korenmolen Netherlands Mill [120][181]
1446 Rother Ochsen Switzerland Wine bar [182]
1447 Griechenbeisl Austria Restaurant [183]
1447 Hotel Krone Austria Hotel [184]
1447 Zötler Germany Brewery [185]
1455 Klosterbrauerei Andechs Germany Brewery [186]
1458 Zum Schwan Germany Hotel [187]
1461 Friedels Keller Germany Brewery [188]
1461 Hotel Lilie Italy Hotel [189]
1461 Surugaya Japan Confectionery [190][191]
1462 Eck Germany Brewery [192]
1462 Senkiya Japan Tea [193]
1463 Geska Switzerland Cheese
1465 Weingut Geierslay Germany Wine [194]
1465 Owariya Japan Restaurant [195]
1466 Berg Brauerei Germany Brewery [196]
1466 Gallet & Co. Switzerland Clock [197]
1467 Inoue Japan Tea [198]
1470 Jean Roze France Textiles [92]
1470 Mazlo France Jeweler
1472 Bad Osterfingen Switzerland Restaurant [199]
1472 Hirschgasse Germany Hotel [200]
1472 Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena Italy Bank
1473 Banca del Monte di Bologna Italy Bank [201]
1473 Gebrüder Weiss Austria Transport [202]
1473 Steiger Slovakia Brewery [25]
1474 Kindli Switzerland Hotel [203]
1475 La Rochere France Glass [204]
1476 Pfahnl Austria Mill [205]
1477 Hirzinger Germany Hotel [206]
1477 Ratskeller Erfurt Germany Restaurant [207]
1477 Mizuta Gyokuundo Japan Confectionery [208]
1478 Warka Poland Brewery
1479 Cassa di Risparmio di Savona Italy Bank [209]
1482 Isabellenhütte Heusler Germany Industry [210]
1483 Zur Sonne Switzerland Restaurant [211]
1483 Banca Carige Italy Bank
1485 Krone Germany Restaurant [212]
1487 Hiraizumi Japan Sake [213]
1488 Rathbornes Candles Ireland Candles
1488 Banca Monte Parma Italy Bank
1488 Schwabe Switzerland Publisher [214]
1489 Banca del Monte di Lucca Italy Bank
1491 Sommerhuber Austria Ceramics [215]
1492 Stieglbrauerei zu Salzburg Austria Brewery [216][217]
1492 Hofmühl Germany Brewery
1492 Haeberlein Germany Bakery [218]
1493 Bürgerbräu Bad Reichenhall Germany Brewery [219]
1495 Baronnie de Coussergues France Wine [92]
1497 Raventós i Blanc Spain Wine [220]
1498 Goldenes Posthorn Germany Restaurant [221]
1498 The Shore Porters Society United Kingdom Transport [92][222]
1499 U Fleků Czech Republic Brewery

1500 to 1599Edit

 
The entrance gate to the domains of the Codorníu Winery, Spain
 
The Tour d'Argent restaurant in Paris, France
 
The chandler Arthur Beale in London, UK
Year Company Current location Field Sources
circa 1500 Ammerndorfer Germany Mill [223]
1500 Arthur Beale United Kingdom Chandler [224][225]
1500 Ubaldo Grazia Italy Pottery [21]
1501 Fukkodo Japan Brushes [226]
1502 Tsutaya Japan Confectionery [227]
1502 Chigira Jinsentei Japan Hotel [228][229]
1503 Golden Fleece Inn United Kingdom Pub [230][231]
1503 Hacklwirt Austria Restaurant [232]
1503 Kawabata Doki Japan Confectionery [233]
1504–1520 Ishiga Honten Japan Religious goods [234]
before 1505 Kenbishi Japan Sake [235][236]
1506 Herold Czech Republic Brewery
1509 Roter Hirsch Germany Restaurant [237]
1514 Hampton Ferry United Kingdom Ferry
1514 Trinity House United Kingdom Lighthouse
1515 R J Balson & Son United Kingdom Butcher [238]
1515 Café Vlissinghe Belgium Restaurant [239]
1516 Zeilinger Austria Metalwork [240]
1516 White Hart Inn United Kingdom Pub [241][242]
1517 Měšťanský pivovar v Poličce Czech Republic Brewery [126][243]
1517 Salzbergwerk Berchtesgaden Germany Salt [244]
1519 Orell Füssli Holding AG Switzerland Holding [25][245][246]
1520s Toraya Japan Confectionery [247]
1520 CTT Correios de Portugal, S.A. Portugal National Postal Service [248]
1521 Spiegelau Germany
1524 Schöllnitzer Germany Distillery [249]
1524 Hostal de Pinós Spain Restaurant [250]
1525 Auerbachs Keller Leipzig Germany Restaurant
1526 Bären Twann Switzerland Hotel [251]
1526 Beretta Italy Firearms [252][253][254]
1526 Bratwurst Herzle Germany Restaurant [255]
1530 William Prym Germany Metalwork
1530 Liubiju China Pickle [256]
1532 Yamaji Japan Sake [257]
1532 Honke Kojima Japan Confectionery [258]
1533 Klosterbräu Bamberg Germany Restaurant [259]
1533 Zvon Czech Republic Hotel [260]
1534 Cambridge University Press United Kingdom Publishing [261][262]
1534 Ur-Krostitzer Germany Brewery [263]
1534 Matsuokaya Japan Sauce [264]
1534 La Casa de Moneda de México Mexico Mint [265]
1534 Tomita Japan Sake [266]
1535 Gottsmannsgrüner Germany Brewery [267]
1536 Izumiya Ryokan Japan Hotel [268]
1538 Ye Olde Cheshire Cheese United Kingdom Pub
1539 Banco di Napoli Italy Bank [269]
1540 Shusen Kurano Japan Sake [270]
1541 John Brooke & Sons United Kingdom Real estate [271][272][273]
1542 Urs und Viktor Switzerland Restaurant [274]
1542 Wolferstetter Germany Brewery [275]
1543 Köstritzer Germany Brewery
1543 Hof-Apotheke (Coburg) Germany Pharmacy [276]
1545 Touwfabriek G. van der Lee Netherlands Rope [120][277]
1545 Roman Brewery Belgium Brewery [278][279][280]
1546 Fubokaku Japan Hotel [281]
1547 Kunitomo Kyutaro Japan Gunpowder [257]
1548 Can Bonastre Spain Wine [282]
1548 Yoshinogawa Japan Sake [283]
1550 Konishi Japan Sake [284]
1550 Riess Austria Metalwork [285]
1550 Sasaiya Japan Confectionery [286]
1550 Izeki Japan Clothing [287]
1551 De Zalm Netherlands Hotel [120]
1551 Hof Apotheke (Stuttgart) Germany Pharmacy [288]
1551 Codorníu Spain Wine [25]
1551 Daikokuya Japan Food [268][289]
1552 Fonjallaz Switzerland Wine [290]
1553 Piesslinger Austria Aluminium [291]
1554 De Vergulde Hand Netherlands Soap [120][292]
1554 Meien Japan Salt [293]
1555 Chiso Japan Clothing [294]
1555 Chikiriya Jihei Japan Clothing [287]
before 1558 Kaikodo Japan Lacquerware [295]
1558 Kanbayashi Shunsho Japan Tea [287]
1558 Ueda Japan Sake [296]
1559 Kastner Austria Confectionery
1560 Aritsugu Japan Knives
1560 Nabeya Japan Metalwork
1560 Okamoto Japan Iron [297]
1560 Hasemoku Japan Real estate [124]
1560 Ichijoh Japan Hotel [45]
1560 Toyahachi Japan Pottery retail [298]
1561 Achkarren Krone Germany Hotel [299]
1561 SS Annunziata Italy Perfume [300]
1561 Yamagatakan Japan Hotel [301]
1562 Otaya Hanuemon Japan Confectionery [302]
1563 Istituto Bancario San Paolo di Torino Italy Bank [303]
1563 Shima Tamura Japan Hotel [304]
1563 Kojiya Japan Food [228]
1564 Svijany Czech Republic Brewery
1565 Casa Nacional de Moneda Peru Mint [265]
1565 Taiko Mochi Japan Confectionery [305]
1566 Nishikawa Japan Beds [257]
1567 Acrobräu Germany Brewery [306]
1567 Liuquanju China Restaurant [307]
1568 Gasthof Herold Germany Brewery [308]
1568 Kichijiya Japan Oil [309]
1568 Poschinger Germany Glass [310]
1569 Edegger-Tax Austria Bakery [311]
1570 Einhorn Apotheke Germany Pharmacy [312]
1570 Klášter Czech Republic Brewery
1570 Schwarzer Adler Austria Hotel [313]
1570 Whitechapel Bell Foundry United Kingdom Foundry [92][272]
1570 Suishodo Japan Pharmacy [314]
1570 Isekusuri Honpo Japan Pharmacy [315]
1570-1600 Kikuhime Japan Sake [316]
1572 Royal Tichelaar Makkum Netherlands Ceramics
1572 Yoshida Gennojo Japan Religious goods [317]
1573 Luzhou Laojiao China Distillery [318]
1573 Hosoji Inbanten Japan Stamps [48]
1573 Nakano Japan Fish [319]
1573 Muroji Japan Sauce [320]
1573 Otsuya Japan Retailing [321]
1573–1592 Shintsu Japan Building material [322]
1573–1592 Sonodaya Japan Confectionery [323]
1573–1592 Kanbayashi Japan Tea [324]
1573–1592 Mitsuboshien Kanbayashi Sannyu Japan Tea [325]
1573–1592 Ishikawa Japan Stone [326]
1574 Dopff au Moulin France Wine [327]
1574 Glossner Germany Brewery [328]
1575 Nikenjayamochi Kadoya Japan Brewery [286]
1575 Lucas Bols Netherlands Distillery
1575 Meboso Hachirobee Japan Fishing flies [48]
1575 Yanagiya Hozen Japan Confectionery [286]
1575 Nippon Kodo Japan Incense [329][128]
1576 Heihachi Jaya Japan Restaurant [330]
1576 Kishigon Japan Hotel [331]
1576 Gyokueido Japan Confectionery [332]
1577 Kobaien Japan Ink [333]
1577 Mineyo Japan Fish [301]
1578 Holzhausen Austria Printing [334]
1578 Klett Germany Firearms [335]
1578 Lamp no Yado Japan Hotel [48]
1578 Tomihiro Japan Clothing [336]
1579 Hof-Apotheke (Sigmaringen) Germany Pharmacy [337]
1579 Kiguraya Japan Clothing [338]
1579 Nakaya Japan Herbal medicine [339]
ca.1580 Higashimaru Japan Sauce [340]
1581 Krušovice Czech Republic Brewery
1582 Hatano Paint Japan Paint [341]
1582 Indenya Japan Leather [342]
1582 Koju Japan Incense [343]
1582 La Tour d'Argent France Restaurant
1582 Onomichi Japan Vinegar
1582 Piana Clerico Italy Cloth [344]
1582 Pivovar Krakonoš Czech Republic Brewery [126][345]
1582 Tamaruya Japan Udon noodles [346]
1582 Thorbräu Germany Brewery
1582 Minowa Japan Lacquerware [321]
1582 MaYinglong China Pharmacy [347][348]
1583 Gnomenkeller Germany Restaurant [349]
1584 Çemberlitaş Hamamı Turkey Turkish bath
1584 Dragseths Germany Restaurant [350]
1584 Erizen Japan Clothing [351]
1584 Gosset France Champagne
1584 Hahnemühle Germany Paper
1584 Godayu Kikuya Japan Confectionery [352]
1584 Yamato Intec Japan Metalworking [264]
1585 Kiennast Austria Supermarket [353]
1585 Kikuya Japan Confectionery [354]
1585 Mercros Japan Retailer [355]
1585 Schlitzer Germany Distillery
1585 Tenshoen Japan Tea [193]
1586 Matsui Japan Construction [356]
1586 Metzger Germany Bakery [357]
1586 Oyama Shaji Japan Construction [226]
1587 Chogoromochi Japan Confectionery [358]
1587 Corbiac France Wine
1587 Josuian Japan Confectionery [359]
1588 Keymer Tiles United Kingdom Tiles [360]
1588 Okeka Japan Furnaces [286]
1589 Hofbräuhaus Germany Restaurant
1589 Klosterbrauerei Neuzelle Germany Brewery
1589 Piesers Germany Restaurant [361]
1590 Au-Hallertau Germany Brewery [362]
1590 Berenberg Germany Bank
1590 Cēsu Alus Latvia Brewery
1590 Sumitomo Group Japan Mining
1590 Ibasen Japan Fans [363]
1590 Lana France Paper [364]
1590 Weichselbaum Germany Metalwork
1591 R. Durtnell & Sons United Kingdom Construction [222][272][365]
1591 Alte f.e. Hofapotheke Austria Pharmacy [366]
1591 Kogure Japan Hotel [228]
1591 Yamashina Japan Utensil [367]
1592 Osugiya Sobee Japan Confectionery [368]
1592 Meimon Sakai Japan Sake [322]
1592 Kikyoya Japan Confectionery [369]
1592 Nezameya Japan Restaurant [370]
1593 Koya Japan Sake [336]
1593 Yamamotoya Japan Seed [371]
1594 Specht Germany Restaurant [372]
1594 Kungyokudo Japan Incense [373]
1594 Fujinoya Japan Fertilizer [371]
1595 Alte Taverne Germany Restaurant [374]
1595 Haus zum Ritter St. Georg (Heidelberg) Germany Restaurant/Hotel [375]
1596 Chojiya Japan Restaurant [352]
1596 Ed Meier Germany Shoes
1596 Osiander [de] Germany Bookstore [376]
1596 Toshimaya Japan Sake [377]
1596 Takimo Japan Food [378]
1596 Oteramochi Kawaido Japan Confectionery [379]
1596 Tazen Japan Metal [45]
1596 Gyokurinbo Japan Hotel [380]
1596–1615 Nagata Bunshodo Japan Publisher [381]
1596–1615 Heirakuji Japan Publisher [381]
1596–1615 Hayashikan Japan Clothing [382]
1597 Gold Ochsen Germany Brewery [383]
1597 Kojima Japan Sake [384]
1597 Kuwanaya Japan Confectionery [297]
1597 Uzu Kyumeigan Japan Pharmacy [385]
1597 Ryujin Japan Sake [228]
1598 The Fruit Basket United States Orchard [386][387]
1598 Chinjukan Japan Pottery [226]
1598 Wakanoura Imoto Japan Pharmacy [388]
1598 Watahan Japan Construction [389]
1598 Nakazato Moemon Japan Pottery [390]
before1599 Minatoya Yurei-kosodate-ame Japan Confectionery [391]
1599 Grassmayr Austria Bells [392]
1599 Umai Japan Chemicals
1599 Boun Japan Hotel [228]
1599 Kyorin Japan Clothing [228]
1599 Shichiyama Hospital Japan Hospital [393]
1599 Stämpfli Switzerland Publisher [394]

1600 to 1649Edit

 
The Paulaner Brewery in Munich, Germany
Year Company Current location Field Sources
1600 Red Lion public house, Hillingdon United Kingdom Hotel [395]
1600 Guangzhou Chenliji China Pharmaceutical [396]
1600 Zhimeizhai China Sauce [397]
1600 Kani Japan Soy sauce [226]
1600 Kawamata Japan Pharmacy [398]
1600 Kimura Shinzo Japan Clothing [399]
1600 Kokuya Japan Hotel [400]
1601 Shioya Japan Property [226]
1601 Okuto Japan Sake [401]
1602 Goldener Karpfen Germany Hotel [402]
1602 Brauerei Gundel Germany Brewery [403]
1602 Goto Japan Sake [404]
1602 Hozokan Japan Bookstore [405]
1602 Migita Japan Sake [406]
1602 Yomeishu Japan Pharmaceutical, Sake [407]
1602 Nakashima Japan Slate [226]
1602 Fukui Yaemon Japan Real estate [408]
1603 Chateau Auvernier Switzerland Wine [409]
1603 Hirose Japan Metal [378]
1603 Kuragi Japan Agricultural [286]
1603 Nemoto Japan Sake [38]
1603 Sato Japan Miso [410]
1603 Shobido Nagamatsu Japan Religious goods [411]
1603 Tsukasabotan Japan Sake [412]
1603 Unsuido Japan Confectionery [413]
1604 Hirsch Hotel Gehrung Germany Hotel [414]
circa 1604 Ishicho Japan Stonemasonry [415]
1604 Kikuchi Hojudo Japan Foundry [416]
1604 Kameya Japan Pharmacy [417]
1604 Kadoshichi Japan Retailing [321]
1604 Yuzakikan Japan Hotel [418]
1605 Mitaniya Japan Clothing [198]
1605 Kagamiya Japan Retailing [321]
1605 Kano Japan Stationery [419]
1606 Kamakurabori Yodo Japan Woodwork [420]
1607 Leve Germany Restaurant [421]
1607 Schleppe Austria Brewery [422]
1607 Schlosswirt Zu Anif Austria Hotel [423]
1607 Alfred Blaul Hofgut Goennheim Germany Wine [424]
1607 Skultuna Sweden Brass and silver accessories
1607 Sasajima Japan Fuel [425]
1607 Fushimiya Japan Cosmetics [426]
1608 Kikyoya Orii Japan Confectionery [427]
1608 Kimura Japan Retail [428]
1608 Takeda Kahei Japan Clothing [429]
1608 Komeya Japan Hotel [430]
1609 Asano Taiko Japan Drums [48]
1609 Klampfleuthner Germany Pottery [431]
1609 Kloster Ettal Germany Brewery [432]
1609 Ritterbräu Austria Brewery [433]
1609 Wolff Austria Wine
1609 Apteka Rektorska Poland Pharmacy [434]
1609 Ryochikuya Japan Hotel [371]
before 1610 Wookey Hole United Kingdom Paper [435]
1610 Takenaka Japan Construction
1610 Honjin Japan Hotel [436]
1611 Matsuzakaya Japan Retailing
1611 Miyoshi Japan Paper lantern [437]
1611 Hisaya Daikokudo Japan Pharmacy [438]
1611 Meimondo Chihara Japan Confectionery [439]
1612 Santa Maria Novella Italy Pharmacy
1613 Mellerio France Jewelry [92]
1613 J. D. Sauerländer's Germany Publisher [440]
1613 Shirley Plantation United States Farm [441]
1613 Kikutani Japan Confectionery [442]
1614 Sumihei Japan Building material [264]
1614 Yamamoto Japan Construction [296]
1614 Kansuiro Japan Hotel [443]
1615 Akamatsu Japan Pharmacy [367]
1615 Aoki Trans Japan Shipping [444]
1615 Cartiera Mantovana Italy Papermaking [21]
1615 Eirakuya Japan Retailing [445]
1615 Furuhata Japan Hotel [446]
1615 Grolsch Netherlands Brewery
1615 Hankeido Japan Brushes [257]
1615 Kimura Japan Sake [447]
1615 Komeya Japan Pharmacy [448]
1615 Maruei Japan Retailing
1615 Yanagiya Japan Cosmetics [449]
1615 Anyōji Japan Fuel [48]
1615 Takagi Japan Sake [336]
1615 Kawabe Japan Iron works [319]
1615 Murata Japan Eyeglasses [450]
1616 Higeta Japan Soy sauce [444]
1616 Vopak Netherlands Fuel storage
before 1616 Morino Japan Confectionery [451]
1616 Wildbräu Grafing Germany Brewery [452]
1616 C. Wittmann Germany Brewery [453]
1616 Aburaya Kyusuke Japan Wholesale [368]
1617 Kameya Kiyonaga Japan Confectionery [454]
1617 Mannendo Japan Confectionery [455]
1618 Zum Schwarzen Kameel Austria Restaurant [456]
1618 Horiguchi Japan Sake [321]
1619 Tengu Japan Jewelry [367]
1620 Croix D'or et Poste Switzerland Hotel [457]
1620 Spindler Germany Wine [458]
1620 Toraya Japan Confectionery [367]
1620 Naruko Kanko Hotel Japan Hotel [45]
1621 Augustiner Bräu Kloster Mülln Salzburg Austria Brewery [459][460]
1621 Casa de Moneda de Colombia Colombia Mint [265]
1621 Zur Letzten Instanz Germany Restaurant [461]
1622 Gessner Germany Brewery [462]
1622 Hirschen Switzerland Hotel [463]
1622 Hiya Japan Pharmaceutical [388]
1623 Hirase Japan Sake [464]
1623 Kamotsuru Japan Sake [465]
1623 Avedis Zildjian United States Cymbals [2][25]
1624 Weingut Richard Böcking Germany Wine [466]
1624 Akashiya Japan Brushes
1624 Fukusaya Japan Castella [444]
1624 Okubo Nishinochaya Japan Soba noodles [467]
1624 Karacho Japan Paper
circa 1624 Komaruya Japan Uchiwa [468]
1624 Marui Japan Cloth [268][289]
1624 Takahashi Magozaemon Japan Sake [368]
1624 Hoshino Resorts Kai Kaga Japan Hotel
1624 Yoshizaki Japan Sake [469]
1624 Kato Japan Stone mill [378]
1624 Yoshinoso Yukawaya Japan Hotel [296]
1624 Takaoka Fukunobu Japan Confectionery [470]
1624 Murata Bunpuku Japan Confectionery [471]
1624 Sato Japan Funerary items [472]
1624 Awabiya Japan Seafood [420]
1624 Zum Heidenberg Germany Hotel [473]
1624–1645 Shobun Japan Vinegar [474]
1624–1645 Ota Japan Stonework [341]
1624–1645 Mimasuya Japan Confectionery [475]
1624–1645 Kawabun Japan Restaurant [476]
1624–1645 Amihiko Japan Restaurant [477]
1624–1645 Tokiwaya Japan Hotel [478]
1624–1645 Tsuboya Japan Confectionery [479]
1625 Iwanumaya Japan Hotel [45]
1625 Aogen Japan Miso [268][289]
1625 Fukumitsuya Japan Sake [480]
1625 Fukuzumi Japan Hotel [481]
1625 Morihachi Japan Confectionery [482]
1625 Paul Schunk Germany Wine [483]
1625 Sakura Masamune Japan Sake [484]
1625 Toa Japan Sake [485]
1625 Yagenbori Japan Shichimi [486]
1625 Masuda Japan Sake [296]
1626 Rikyuen Japan Tea [487]
1625 Morihisa Iron Studio Japan Ironware [488]
1625 Yamauchi Japan Religious goods [489]
1626 Zur Forelle Germany Restaurant [490]
1626 Minoya Japan Sake [38]
1626 Panesys Japan Building material [438]
1626 Kuroda Eiichi Japan Sake [491]
1626 Kanyoutei Japan Confectionery [492]
1626 Fujimura Japan Confectionery [493]
1627 Kotohira Kadan Japan Hotel [494]
1628 Tsukubasan Edoya Japan Hotel [38]
1628 Lammsbräu Germany Brewery [495]
1628 Schwan Germany Hotel [496]
1628 Todaya Japan Confectionery [264]
1628 Winkler Germany Restaurant [497]
1628 Yachiya Japan Sake [498]
1628 Horikiri Japan Construction [499]
1629 Augustea SpA Italy Shipping [92]
1629 Horiguchi Japan Construction [444]
1629 Tyskie Poland Brewery
1630 Chidoriya Japan Confectionery [500]
1630 Graf Arco Germany Brewery [501]
1630 Ichinoyu Japan Hotel [502]
1630 Kikkoman Japan Foods
1630 Wirt am Berg Austria Restaurant [503]
1630 Oi Yamamoto Japan Seafood [438]
1631 Tsunehisa Japan Kitchen knife [504]
1632 Schwechat Austria Brewery [505]
1632–33 Tuttle's Red Barn United States Farm [441][506][507]
1632 Yusaya Japan Hotel [45]
1632 Zum Ochsen Germany Restaurant [508]
1632 Takasagoya Ikeuchi Japan Pillow [509]
1632 Yoshida Hideji Japan Tatami [509]
1632 Ishino Japan Stonemasonry [509]
1632 Tokumistuya Japan Pharmacy [510]
1633 Izumi Shokai Japan Stonework [341]
1633 Wakabayashi Japan Bag [322]
1634 Albrecht Germany Metalwork [511]
1634 Paulaner Germany Brewery
1634 Ryoguchiya Korekiyo Japan Confectionery [378]
1634 Nagamochiya Japan Confectionery [286]
1634 Gotenmori Japan Hotel [512]
1635 Dreikönigshof Germany Wine [513]
1635 Maruyama Japan Woodwork [295]
1635 Morikawa Japan Sōmen noodles [514]
1635 Nickelhütte Aue Germany Nickel
1635 Regenfuß Germany Nursery [515]
1635 Casa Batalha Portugal Jewellery [516]
1635 Okutan Kiyomizu Japan Restaurant [517][518]
1635 Harikichi Japan Fishing tackle [322]
1636 Maxlrainer Germany Brewery [519]
1636 Shiraishi Japan Wholesale [42]
1636 Fuyahei Japan Restaurant [520]
1636 Hatsugame Japan Sake [521]
1637 Gekkeikan Japan Sake [92]
1638 Einbecker Blaudruck Germany Linen [522]
1638 Fürst Germany Wine
1638 Kizuya Japan Office supplies [523]
1638 Kopke Port Portugal Wine [524]
1638 Touwfabriek Langman Netherlands Rope [525][526]
1638 Tysmenytsia Fur Company Ukraine Textiles [2][25]
1638 Shiratamaya Shinzaburo Japan Confectionery [527]
1638 GABA Switzerland Health care products [528]
1639 Field View Farm United States Farm [529][530]
1639 Hugel & Fils France Wine [92]
1639 Tsuruya Japan Confectionery [531]
1639 Kyushu Toho Japan Medical supplies [527]
1639 Shimogoten Japan Hotel [418]
1640 Fromholzer Austria Linen [532]
1640 Tanaka Japan Sake [533]
1640 Kyorinkai Japan Hospital [534]
1641 Bickelmaier Germany Wine [535]
1641 Sonne Switzerland Hotel [536]
1641 Spreitzer Germany Wine [537]
1642 Bilsener Germany Insurance [538]
1642 Barker's Farm United States Farm [539][540][541]
1642 Hof Apotheke Rüdel Germany Pharmacy [542]
1642 Amako Japan Machinery [367]
1642 Kagetsu Japan Restaurant [543]
1642 Fukagawaya Mutsudaijo Japan Confectionery [544]
1643 Rudi Rüttger Germany Wine [545]
1643 Tanaka Japan Sake [368]
1643 Sasaki Japan Seal [546]
1643 Trudon France Wax, candles
1644 Bucher Germany Brewery
1644 Stockholm Germany Hotel [547]
1644 Tsukioka Japan Hotel [548]
1645 Daishin Japan Hotel [549]
1645 Hatchomiso Japan Miso [378]
1645 Post-och Inrikes Tidningar Sweden Newspaper [19][550]
1645 Ritter Germany Brewery
1645 Shohokuen Japan Tea [551]
1645 Shoutoku Japan Sake [552]
1645 Yamasa Japan Soy sauce
1645 Kaku Japan Farming material [553]
1646 Bofors Sweden Defense
1647 Chivite Spain Wine [554]
1648 Kojima Japan Paper [444]
1648 Fujiya Japan Wedding hall [264]
1648 Oji Ogiya Japan Restaurant [555]
1648-1651 Shirokiya Japan Lacquerware [295]
1649 Bischofshof Germany Brewery [556]
1649 Falter Germany Brewery
1649 Fiskars Finland Blades
1649 Marukan Japan Vinegar [557]
1649 Trautwein Germany Wine [558]
1649 Tanaka Japan Safe [499]

1650 to 1699Edit

 
Café Procope is called the oldest restaurant of Paris in continuous operation.[559] It was opened in 1686[560] by the Sicilian chef Francesco Procopio dei Coltelli.
 
Petit & Fritsen (Koninklijke Klokkengieterij Petit & Fritsen b.v.) is a foundry located at Aarle-Rixtel, Netherlands that dates back to 1660.[561]
 
The Royal Delft (De Koninklijke Porceleyne Fles) building is a designated rijksmonument in the Netherlands. It is the only remaining factory of the 32 earthenware factories that were established in Delft during the 17th century.
Year Company Current location Field Sources
1650 Aannemers- en Timmerbedrijf Roozemond Netherlands Construction [277]
1650 Yukawa Japan Sake [264]
1650 Schlossbrauerei Autenrieder Germany Brewery [562]
1650 Fachwerk 33 Germany Restaurant [563]
1650 Kaganoi Japan Sake [564]
1650 Post Brauerei Weiler Germany Brewery [565]
1650 Yukawa Japan Sake [566]
1650 Koshuya Japan Dolls [567]
1650 Ebisuya Japan Hotel [568]
1650 Jiuzhitang China Pharmacy [569]
1650 Otowaya Shinise Japan Confectionery [570]
1651 Emmerich Germany Wine [571]
1651 Lauterbacher Germany Brewery [572]
1651 Wangmazi China Scissors [573][574]
1652 Brückenkeller Germany Restaurant [575]
1652 KnaapenGroep Netherlands Construction [277]
1652 Bussho Japan Religious goods [286]
1652 Mabuchi Japan Clothing [45]
1652 Ichimaru Japan Clothing [371]
1652-1655 Matsuya Tokiwa Japan Confectionery [576]
1653 Ozu Japan Paper [444]
1653 Royal Delft Netherlands Porcelain
1653 Sushiman Japan Restaurant [577]
1653 Totsuka Japan Sake [264]
1654 Faust Germany Brewery [578]
1654 Orkla Norway Conglomerate
1654 Akoya Japan Clothing [371]
1655 Emery Farm United States Farm [579]
1655 Firmin United Kingdom Beltmaker
1655 Henninger Brewery Germany Brewery
1655 Tanaka Japan Sake [38]
1655 Tobaya Japan Strings [580]
1655 Ota Japan Retailing [581]
1655 Zanini Italy Wrought iron [582]
1655-1658 Shichimiya Japan Spice [583]
1656 Au Bijou Switzerland Jewelry [584]
1656 Haarlems Dagblad Netherlands Newspaper [550]
1656 Kasen Japan Kiln [585]
1656 Kogatanaya Japan Dolls [567]
1657 Baieido Japan Incense
1657 Everlth Japan Pharmaceutical [586]
1657 Hirschbräu Germany Brewery [587]
1657 Kitagawa Honke Japan Sake [588]
1657 Nakayama Doll Japan Dolls [567]
1657 Ulefos Jernværk Norway Foundry
1657 Toraya Japan Confectionery [589]
1657 Uemura Yoshitsugu Japan Confectionery [590]
1657 Kamigoten Japan Hotel [418]
1657 Cham Paper Group Switzerland Paper [591]
1658 Arikawa Japan Pharmaceutical [257]
1658 Gaststätte Röhrl Germany Restaurant [592]
1658 Hirai Japan Sake [257]
1658 Nishino Kinryo Japan Chemicals [341]
1658 Ohki [ja] Japan Pharmaceutical [444]
1658 Shuzui Japan Scales [593]
1658 Kamadaya Japan Hotel [45]
1659 Asadaya Japan Hotel [594]
1659 Asadaya Ihei Japan Restaurant [595]
1659 Harise Japan Restaurant [596]
1659 Hinoki Japan Printing [597]
1659 Kagiya Japan Fireworks [598]
1659 Kiku Masamune Japan Sake [444]
1659 Mochibun Japan Confectionery [599]
1659 Okamaya Japan Metal [600]
1659 Somaya Japan Stationery [601]
1659 Tsuchiya Japan Paper lanterns [602]
1660 Chimatsushima Japan Hotel [45]
1660 Petit & Fritsen Netherlands Foundry
1660 Maison Germain Soieries et Papiers peints France Tissues & Wallpapers
1661 Asaka Japan Tools [444]
1661 Ejima Japan Tea [603]
1661 Inoueki Japan Chemicals [444]
1661 Kameya Sakyo Japan Chinese medicine [604]
1661 Schilz Germany Ceramics
1661 Selbach Germany Wine
1661 Uchigasaki Japan Sake [605]
1661 Zohiko Japan Lacquerware [295]
1661-1673 Tago Honke Japan Sake [606]
1661-1673 Otokoyama Japan Sake [607]
1662 Matsuzakaya Japan Hotel [568]
1662 Miyasaka Japan Miso [400]
1662 Moririn Japan Cloth [444]
1662 Rössle Germany Hotel [608]
1662 Hotel Wesseling Netherlands Hotel [277]
1662 Shirokiya Japan Retailing
1662 Tatsuuma Honke Japan Sake [444]
1662 Usui Japan Retailing [609]
1662 Van Eeghen Netherlands Foods [92]
1662 Yanagiya Japan Tea [193]
1663 Bärenwirt Austria Restaurant [610][611]
1663 Hirsch Germany Pharmacy [612]
1663 Hofmann Germany Brewery [613]
1663 Ihan Japan Tatami [614]
1663 Krawany Austria Retailing [615]
1663 Kyukyodo Japan Pharmacy, paper goods, incense [616]
1663 Matsumoto Japan Chemicals [617]
1663 Moriroku Japan Chemicals [618]
1663 Shimakawa Japan Confectionery [619]
1663 Zhang Xiaoquan China Scissors [620]
1663 Vitale Barberis Canonico Italy Wool fabrics
1663 Hauert Switzerland Fertilizer [621]
1663 Correios Brazil Post [622]
1664 Daisan Japan Real estate [623]
1664 Gazzetta di Mantova Italy Newspaper [550][624]
1664 Old Holland Netherlands Oil Paints [625]
1664 Schwarze & Schlichte Germany Distillery [92]
1665 Gubernija Lithuania Brewery
1665 London Gazette United Kingdom Newspaper
1665 Morita Japan Brewery [626]
1665 Okazaki Japan Sake [400]
1665 Saint-Gobain France Conglomerate
1666 Robert Noble United Kingdom Textiles [222]
1666 Sato Japan Supermarket [444]
1666 Spink United Kingdom Currency [222][627]
1666 Wieninger Germany Brewery [628]
1666 Yaegaki Japan Sake [629]
1666 Yuasa Trading Japan Trade [630]
1666 Bankaku Japan Confectionery [631]
1667 Seaside Inn United States Hotel [530][632][633]
1668 Merck KGaA Germany Pharmaceutical [634][635]
1668 Engelbräu Germany Brewery [636]
1668 Mitsui Japan Sake [637]
1669 Iseya Japan Hotel [638]
1669 Okaya Japan Trade [92]
1669 Tong Ren Tang China Pharmacy
1669 Zum Adler Breisach Germany Restaurant [639]
1669 Zum Kreuz Switzerland Hotel [640]
1669 Akahoshi Japan Metalware [638]
1670 El Rinconcillo Spain Restaurant [641]
1670 Hudson's Bay Company Canada Retailing [642][643][644][645]
1670 J. Herbin France Sealing wax and ink [646]
1672 Hoares Bank United Kingdom Bank [92][272]
1672 Kikuya Japan Stationery [647]
1672 Tucher Bräu Germany Brewery [648]
1672 Rongbaozhai China Stationery [649]
1673 Daiichi Japan Cloth [268]
1673 Genpei Japan Sake [650]
1673 Goldenes Kreuz Austria Hotel [651]
1673 Inata Japan Sake [652]
1673 Jinjudo Japan Incense [653]
1673 Kawashima Japan Paper [654]
1673 Kawasho Japan Paper [654]
1673 Mitsukoshi Japan Retailing
1673 Oga Japan Sake [655]
1673 Tamagawa Japan Sake [368]
1673 Tamanohikari Japan Sake [656]
1673 Zillinger Austria Wine [657]
1673 Yamada Japan Restaurant [371]
1673 Matsuya Riemon Japan Confectionery [658]
1673 Ebiya Japan Antique [659]
1673-1681 Kojimaya Japan Confectionery [660]
1673-1681 Terada Honke Japan Sake [661]
1674 Miki Japan Chemicals [444]
1674 Sabatti Italy Firearms [662]
1674 Stockholms Auktionsverk Sweden Auctions
1674 Metzler Bank Germany Bank
1674 Myogaya Japan Hotel [663]
1675 Adams Gasthof Germany Restaurant [664]
1675 Egger Austria Brewery
1675 Hakubotan Japan Sake [367]
1675 Hartmann Germany Hotel [665]
1675 Masuda Tokubee Japan Sake [666]
1675 Matsudaya Japan Hotel [667]
1675 Mornflake United Kingdom Foods [92]
1675 Romanushof Germany Wine [668]
1675 Shuetsu Japan Foods [444]
1675 Sugimoto Kichijuro Japan Tools [568]
1675 Takahashi Japan Stonemasonry [326]
1675 Takanoya Japan Karasumi [669]
1675 Tamazawa Japan Confectionery [670]
1675 Tiefenbrunner Italy Wine [671]
1675 Weihenstephan Germany Brewery [672]
1675 Fujiwara Japan Oil [42]
1676 Hiroroku Japan Foods [673]
1676 James Lock & Co. United Kingdom Hats [92][272]
1676 Konishi Mankintan Japan Pharmacy [674]
1677 Yamahiko Japan Construction [257]
1677 Yamamoto Honke Japan Sake [675]
1677 Zur Linde Germany Restaurant [676]
1678 Olmo Antico Italy Wine [677]
1678 Mitsubishi Tanabe Pharma Japan Pharmacy
1679 Eichbaum Germany Brewery
1679 Eigashima Japan Sake [678]
1679 Schwarz Austria Mouth harps [679]
1679 Viellard Migeon & Cie France Foundry [92]
1680 Comédie-Française France Theatre
1680 Saunderskill United States Farm [579]
1680 Simonis Belgium Cloth
1680 Tenryo Japan Sake [680]
1680 Yoshibun Japan Fish [367]
1680 Morita Jihee Japan Pharmacy [681]
1681 Chikumanishiki Japan Sake [682]
1681 Eggenberg Austria Brewery
1681 Göteborgs Auktionsverk Sweden Auctions [683]
1681 JeanRichard Switzerland Watches [684]
1681 Les Trois Rois Switzerland Hotel [685]
1681 Naraya Japan Construction [38]
1681 Hotel zum Ritter St. Georg Germany Hotel [686]
1681 Shooken Japan Castella [687]
1682 Sawaya Japan Confectionery [688]
1682 Ishiichi Japan Stonework [286]
1683 Brill Netherlands Publisher
1683 Gaggenau Germany Appliances
1683 Yasuda Nenju Japan Prayer beads [689]
1683 Hof-Apotheke (Kempten) Germany Pharmacy [690]
1684 Mieman Nishimura Japan Soy sauce [286]
1684 Niiya Japan Herbs [691]
1684 Yoshiyo Japan Catering equipment [692]
1684 Urokoya Japan Confectionary [693]
1685 Carl Loebner Germany Toyshop [694]
1685 Heimes Germany Restaurant [695]
1685 Tomikyu Japan Paper [654]
1685 SFCO France Trading [92][696]
1686 Café Procope France Restaurant [560]
1686 Nakaura Japan Foods [697]
1687 Mihoharaya Japan Housewares [698]
1687 Tarlant France Wine [699]
1687 Kimuraya Japan Hotel [700]
1688 Kadojin Japan Hotel [418]
1688 Aburaya Japan Hotel [701]
1688 Chikuma Miso Japan Miso [702]
1688 Fukuda Japan Sake [703]
1688 Fukuroju Japan Sake [704]
1688 Harry Germany Bakery [705]
1688 Kaishin Japan Foods [706]
1688 Kanmo Japan Hanpen [707]
1688 Katsuyama Japan Foods [708]
1688 Kesselring Germany Brewery [709]
1688 Kobu Japan Sake [710]
1688 Lambertz Germany Chocolate [711]
1688 Lloyd's of London United Kingdom Insurance
1688 Madonoume Japan Sake [712]
1688 Shibanuma Japan Soy sauce [713]
1688 Tatebayashi Japan Architecture [297]
1688 Tsuda Magobee Japan Foods [714]
1688 Yasuimoku Japan Construction [715]
1688 Shimizu Japan Pharmacy [319]
1688 Kikkona Japan Soy sauce [378]
1688 Moriyama Japan Sake [378]
1688 Kajimasa Japan Metalware [378]
1688 Sakuragi Fusajiro Japan Retail [322]
1688 Nishikawaya Japan Confectionery [322]
1688 Muromachi Japan Sake [42]
1688 Yaogen Japan Confectionery [716]
1688 Yutouya Japan Hotel [418]
1689 Aiba Japan Fans [717]
1689 Amekaze Japan Soy sauce [718]
1689 Ede & Ravenscroft United Kingdom Clothing
1689 Fukushima Japan Pawnbroker [719]
1689 Hanbee Fu Japan Foods [720]
1689 Hinomaru Japan Sake [721]
1689 Husqvarna AB Sweden Conglomerate
1689 Kojiya Japan Miso [722]
1689 Kuroeya Japan Lacquerware [295][723]
1689 Marukichi Japan Oil [724]
1689 Nabedana Japan Sake [725]
1689 Nagano Japan Sake [726]
1689 Shogoin Yatsuhashi Japan Confectionery [727]
1689 Nishio Japan Confectionery [728]
1689 Suzuki Shuzōten Japan Sake [729]
1689 Ishikawa Kinjiro Japan Dried goods [368]
1689 Nishino Japan Taiko drum [368]
1689 Osawa Japan Sake [730]
1689 Maruta Nakajima Japan Pharmacy [731]
1690 Delamare & Co. France Optics [92]
1690 Genroku Tatami Japan Tatami [732]
1690 J B Joyce United Kingdom Clocks
1690 Hichifuku Japan Pharmaceutical [388]
1690 Makino Japan Sake [733]
1690 Maruishi Japan Sake [378]
1690 Tokyo Matsuya Japan Paper [734][735]
1690 Monjuso Japan Hotel [736]
1690 Okabun Japan Cloth [737]
1690 Tanbaya Japan Fashion [738]
1690 Towle Silversmiths United States Silversmith [530][739]
1690 Tsujikura Japan Umbrellas [740]
1690 Yamamotoyama Japan Tea [444]
1690 Amehata Japan Inkstone [647]
1691 Awaya Japan Cloth [527]
1691 Imai Japan Sake [741]
1691 Itokichi Japan Cloth [742]
1691 Nolet Jeneverstokerij-Distilleerderij Netherlands Distillery [277]
1691 Sasanoyuki Japan Tofu [743]
1691 Sekizenkan Japan Hotel [744]
1691 Valentin Zusslin France Wine [745]
1691 Omaru Japan Hotel [268]
1691 Ameya Kawai Japan Confectionery [746]
1692 Coutts United Kingdom Bank
1692 Ekelund Sweden Cloth [747]
1692 Taylor's Portugal Wine
1692 Izutsuya Japan Noodles [341]
1692 Yuuki Japan Sake [748]
1693 Suzutame Japan Dolls [268][289]
1693 Ishino Japan Slate [296]
1694 Shimadaya Japan Farm [749]
1694 Schuler St. Jakobskellerei Switzerland Wine [750]
1694 Bank of England United Kingdom Bank
1695 Bank of Scotland United Kingdom Bank
1694 Casa da Moeda do Brasil Brazil Mint [265][751]
1695 DeKuyper Netherlands Distillery [92][277]
1695 Furutakiya Japan Hotel [752]
1695 Kumagaiya Japan Confectionery [753]
1695 Niki Japan Sake [297]
1695 Oiwake Yokan Japan Yōkan [754]
1695 Suzuki Bussan Japan Foods [297]
circa 1695 Taruhei Japan Sake [755]
1695 Yumoto Japan Hotel [756]
1695 Uenoya Japan Hotel [568]
1696 Kagiya Masaaki Japan Confectionery [757]
1696 Kitajima Japan Confectionery [758]
1696 C. de Koning Tilly Netherlands Pharmacy [277]
1697 Folkes United Kingdom Foundry [759]
1697 Hakukoma Japan Sake [760]
1697 Old Moore's Almanack United Kingdom Almanac [761]
1697 Ono Japan Sake [367]
1697 Schwanen Germany Restaurant [762]
1698 Berry Brothers and Rudd United Kingdom Wine [763]
1698 Am Knipp Germany Restaurant [764]
1698 Kössel Germany Brewery [765]
1698 Shepherd Neame United Kingdom Brewery [92][766]
1698 Silvera Netherlands Fabric [767]
1698 Wakaeya Japan Restaurant [768]
1699 Akaoya Japan Pickles [769]
1699 Ninben Japan Foods [444]
1699 Osoumenya Japan Confectionery [770]
1699 Wakatakeya Japan Sake [771]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Japans oldest companies" (in Japanese). Yonhap News. 14 May 2008. Archived from the original on 17 November 2009. Retrieved 28 March 2012.
  2. ^ a b c d Jae-kyoung, Kim (14 May 2008). "Centennial Firms Dry up in Korea". Korea Times. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
  3. ^ "特別企画:全国創業100年超え企業の実態調査 (Special Edition:Whole country wide survey on companies aged over 100 years)" (in Japanese). Tokyo Shoko Research. 21 October 2009. Retrieved 20 June 2012.
  4. ^ Yasuhiko Nakazawa (31 December 2020). "Japan's oldest company defies time with merit-based succession". Nikkei. Archived from the original on 4 January 2021.
  5. ^ "The End of a 1,400-Year-Old Business". Bloomberg. 17 April 2007. Archived from the original on 11 March 2016. Retrieved 9 January 2021.
  6. ^ David Pilling (19 October 2007). "Kongo Gumi: Building a future on the past". Financial Times. Retrieved 12 August 2014.
  7. ^ "Kongo Gumi Construction". Businesses Today. 29 November 2011. Retrieved 12 August 2014.
  8. ^ "Oldest Hotel". Guinness World Records. Retrieved 29 September 2011.
  9. ^ a b Allen, Jason (27 May 2013). "The Very Strange Story of Japan's Thousand-Year-Old Hotels". Thrillist. Retrieved 3 December 2013.
  10. ^ a b c d e "Survey of companies over 100 years old" (PDF). Teikoku databank (in Japanese). 8 September 2010. p. 1. Retrieved 24 September 2012. Entry 7 in table at bottom of page 1
  11. ^ William T. O'Hara (2004). Centuries of Success: Lessons from the World's Most Enduring Family Businesses. Adams Media. p. 17. ISBN 9781580629379. Retrieved 23 August 2012.
  12. ^ "Company profile". Kyoto Magazine (in Japanese). J-kyoto (48). 8 May 2000. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
  13. ^ "The oldest restaurant in Central Europe has been a welcoming host for over 1200 years". Retrieved 10 August 2021.
  14. ^ "St. Peter Stiftskulinarium Website". Retrieved 10 August 2021.
  15. ^ "The Oldest Company In Each European Country". Retrieved 1 August 2021.
  16. ^ "4 lições de empresas milenares – Pedro Souza" [4 lessons from millennial companies - Pedro Souza] (in Portuguese). Administradores.com.br. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
  17. ^ "Business Solutions – The Medical Diary". Em-online.com. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
  18. ^ "1,150 years of history". Monnaie de Paris. Retrieved 26 October 2020.
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Самые старые бренды мира" [The oldest brands in the world] (in Russian). Sostav.ru. 25 December 2009. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
  20. ^ "1,135 years of history". The Royal Mint. Retrieved 8 June 2021.
  21. ^ a b c "Six Italian Companies Among The Ten Oldest Family-Run Businesses In The World". Winenews.it. 22 January 2009. Archived from the original on 16 November 2012. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
  22. ^ 一文字屋和輔(いちもんじやわすけ) [Ichimonjiyawasuke] (in Japanese). City of Kyoto. Retrieved 31 October 2013.
  23. ^ a b c d e f g "Hessen Fragt...: Privatbrauerei Brüne ist Hessens älteste Brauerei" [Hessen asks ...: Private Brewery Brüne is Hesse's oldest brewery] (in German). Hessischer Rundfunk. 22 August 2012. Archived from the original on 5 January 2013. Retrieved 25 September 2012.
  24. ^ Kuhn, Andrea (7 April 2015). "Devon's ancient art of milling at Otterton Mill". Devon Life.
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Poutziouris, Panikkos; Smyrnios, Kosmas; Klein, Sabine (2006). Handbook of Research on Family Business. Edward Elgar Publishing. p. 524. ISBN 978-1-8454-2410-7. LCCN 2005037395. OCLC 62755551. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
  26. ^ Lindelauf, Perrin (18 January 2009). "Finding the fabled Snow Country". The Japan Times. Retrieved 22 September 2012.
  27. ^ "Schloss Johannisberg Review | The Rhineland". Fodors.com. Retrieved 24 September 2012.
  28. ^ "Schloss Johannisberg, Cuvéehof – Festival Stages – Rheingau Musik Festival". Rheingau Musik Festival.de. Archived from the original on 26 August 2012. Retrieved 24 September 2012.
  29. ^ "Drei Tage Brauereifest – Kreis Waldeck-Frankenberg – Regional" [Three days of brewery festival - district of Waldeck-Frankenberg - regional]. HNA Online (in German). 5 May 2010. Retrieved 25 September 2012.
  30. ^ 震災・戦争を生き抜いた「老舗企業」、全国に 2 万 5000 社 [25,000 established companies nationwide that survived the earthquake and war] (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 May 2013. Retrieved 31 October 2013.
  31. ^ "Munke Mølle – by Appointment to The Royal Danish Court". Hoflev.dk. Archived from the original on 20 February 2013. Retrieved 11 February 2013.
  32. ^ Thomsen, Jørgen; Møllekær, Johnny (12 January 2009). "Munkenes mølle". Fyens Stiftstidende. Archived from the original on 12 April 2015. Retrieved 11 February 2013.
  33. ^ Gerrie, Anthea (5 March 2012). "10 hotel rooms where history was made". CNN. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
  34. ^ Gould, Kevin (13 June 2009). "The Olde Bell". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 November 2013.
  35. ^ "Flushed with success". Times Higher Education. 7 February 1997. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
  36. ^ Hongo, Jun (29 August 2012). "Nuke crisis tested oldest sake brewer". The Japan Times. Retrieved 9 January 2013.
  37. ^ Gordinier, Jeff (1 February 2011). "In Las Vegas, a Good Story Helps Sell Expensive Sakes". New York Times. Retrieved 9 January 2013.
  38. ^ a b c d e f 特別企画: 茨城県の「老舗企業」実態調査 震災・戦争を生き抜いた「老舗企業」、茨城に 560 社 ~江戸開府以前の創業は 2 社、江戸時代の創業は 43 社~ [Special Edition: Old companies survey: 560 old companies in Ibaraki Prefecture survived the war and the earthquake disaster: 2 before Edo Shogunate founded, 43 during Edo period] (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Data Bank, Mito-branch. 24 August 2011. Retrieved 5 October 2012. Main old companies (Top 10) 主な老舗企業(上位10社) 1.Sudo-Honke 須藤本家(すどうほんけ) Sake manufacturing 清酒製造 Kasama 笠間市 1141年
  39. ^ "Yum is flogging its once high-flying China wing". The Economist. 12 April 2016. ISSN 0013-0613. Retrieved 18 August 2021.
  40. ^ "The Žiče Charterhouse". Zlati Grič. Retrieved 8 October 2019.
  41. ^ 五郎兵衛飴本舗「自然な甘さと美しい飴色。800年、変わらぬ製法の「五郎兵衛飴」 [Gorobei Candy Honpo: Natural sweetness and beautiful candy.] (in Japanese). ふるさと!ふくしまが好き! ふくしま観光情報. Retrieved 5 June 2014.
  42. ^ a b c d 特別企画: 岡山県内創業 100 年以上の「長寿企業」実態調査 創業 100 年以上の「長寿企業」は 474 社 ~ 長寿トップは西暦 1184 年創業の藤戸饅頭本舗 [Special Edition: Old companies survey in Okayama: 474 over-100-year-old companies: Oldest was Fujito Manju Hompo started in 1184] (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Data Bank, Okayama-branch. 16 September 2010. Retrieved 5 October 2012. Main old companies (Top 10) 創業100年以上の主な長寿企業 (上位10社
  43. ^ "Special souvenirs of Nara to take home!". Naraexplorer.jp. Archived from the original on 7 May 2014. Retrieved 4 June 2014.
  44. ^ Johnston, Eric (6 February 2010). "Nara fears 1,300th anniversary flop". The Japan Times. Retrieved 4 June 2014.
  45. ^ a b c d e f g h i 震災・戦争を生き抜いた「老舗企業」、宮城県に 445 社 (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
  46. ^ Matyas, Jo (6 October 2007). "A taste of Japan, with food that waves back at you". Toronto Star. Retrieved 24 September 2012.
  47. ^ 特別企画: 「老舗企業」実態調査 震災・戦争を生き抜いた「老舗企業」、山形県に 543 社 ~老舗企業輩出率は全国第 2 位~ [Special Edition: Old companies survey: 543 old companies in Yamagata survived the war and the earthquake disaster: Yamagata #2 old companies holder in the whole country] (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Data Bank Yamagata-branch. 29 August 2011. Retrieved 1 October 2012. Top 8 old companies (主な老舗企業(上位 8 社)) Ito Tekko 1189 伊藤鉄工(いとうてっこう)1189年
  48. ^ a b c d e f g "特別企画:石川県内企業の平均年齢と長寿企業の実態調査" [Special Edition: Survey on average age and long life companies in Ishikawa Prefecture] (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Data Bank, Kanazawa-branch. 16 November 2012. Retrieved 21 November 2012. Main long life companies 主な長寿企業 善吾楼 (Zengoro) 旅館 (Ryokan) 718, 白鷺湯たわらや (Shirasagiyu Tawaraya) 旅館 (Ryokan) 1190, のとや (Notoya) 旅館 (Ryokan) 1311, 細字印判店 (Hosoji Inbanten) その他の小売 (Retail store, not in categorized list of the report) 1573, 目細八郎兵衛商店 (Meboso Hachirōbei Shōten) スポーツ用品卸 (Sports equipment wholesale) 1575, ランプの宿 (Lamp no Yado) 旅館・ホテル (Hotel) 1578, 浅野太鼓楽器店 (Asano Taiko Gakkiten) 楽器小売 (musical instrument retail store) 1609, アンヨウジ (Anyōji) 燃料小売 (Fuel retail store) 1615
  49. ^ 梵鐘 [発見!!いばらき] – 茨城県 [Bell Bell [Discovery !! Ibaraki] – Ibaraki Prefecture] (in Japanese). Ibaraki Prefecture. Archived from the original on 21 November 2014. Retrieved 8 September 2014.
  50. ^ Price, Margaret (1999). Classic Japanese Inns and Country Getaways. Kodansha International Ltd. ISBN 4770018738. Retrieved 24 September 2012.
  51. ^ "Arima Onsen Okunobo (Established in 1191)". Jnto.go.jp. Retrieved 4 June 2014.
  52. ^ "Arima Onsen Okunobo (Established in 1191)". Jalan. Archived from the original on 6 June 2014. Retrieved 4 June 2014.
  53. ^ よしのや依緑園 (よしのやいろくえん) [Yoshinoya Irokuen] (in Japanese). ほっと石川旅ねっと 石川県観光連盟. Retrieved 12 September 2018.
  54. ^ "Inns of distinction: The pubs that made history". The Independent. 10 February 2006. Archived from the original on 6 June 2014. Retrieved 4 June 2014.
  55. ^ Griffin, Jon (21 August 2004). "Weekend Mail: Travel: Soaking Up History in a Right Royal Part of Thatcher's Britain". Birmingham Mail.[dead link]
  56. ^ "Angel & Royal Hotel, Grantham, Lincolnshire". The Times. 11 April 2009. Retrieved 4 June 2014.
  57. ^ "La Casa de Ganaderos de Zaragoza (Notas para el estudio del régimen jurídico de la Ganadería aragonesa)" [The Livestock House of Zaragoza (Notes for the study of the legal regime of the Aragonese Livestock)]. Universidad. 1929. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  58. ^ Fernández, José Antonio (15 September 1997). "Organización pastoril y economía urbana: la casa de ganaderos de Zaragoza en la Edad Media (siglos XIII-XV)" [Pastoral organization and urban economy: the house of farmers of Zaragoza in the Middle Ages (XIII-XV centuries)] (PDF). VJ Congreso de la Asociación de Historiadores Económicos. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  59. ^ "The Archaeology of Wiltshire's Towns. An Extensive Urban Survey: Malmesbury" (PDF). Wiltshire County Archaeology Service. August 2004. Retrieved 1 March 2011.
  60. ^ Else, David (2005). England (3 ed.). Lonely Planet. p. 240. ISBN 1-74059-922-5. old bell malmesbury.
  61. ^ Halliday, Stephen (1 February 2012). David & Charles (ed.). Amazing & Extraordinary Facts - Great Britain. David & Charles. p. 30. ISBN 978-1-4463-5397-4. Retrieved 21 April 2015.
  62. ^ "Der älteste Gasthof" [The oldest inn] (in German). Schweizer Radio und Fernsehen. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
  63. ^ Benedict Le Vay (1 October 2011). Ben Le Vay's Eccentric Oxford. Bradt Travel Guides. p. 249. ISBN 978-1-84162-426-6. Retrieved 27 August 2013.
  64. ^ "The Bear Inn information". Let's Go. Archived from the original on 27 August 2013. Retrieved 27 August 2013.
  65. ^ Pool, Krystal (5 September 1971). "Woodstock – The One Where Burtons Stayed". Toledo Blade. p. 9. Retrieved 27 August 2013.
  66. ^ "Gasthof zur Blume" (in German). Basler Bauten. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
  67. ^ Reuter, Fritz (1886). Arnold Hückstädt (ed.). Briefe: 1861-1866 [Letters 1861-1866] (in German). 2. Hinstorff. p. 705. ISBN 978-3-356-01338-2. OCLC 643886146. Retrieved 5 December 2014.
  68. ^ Ambrosi, Hans; Stewart, Kerry Brady (1 May 1990). Traveler's Wine Guide: Germany. Sterling Publishing Co., Inc. p. 18. ISBN 978-0-8069-7319-7. Retrieved 5 December 2014.
  69. ^ "Bochnia Salt Mine » A few words about the mine". bochnia-mine.eu. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  70. ^ Janusz Wiewiórka; Józef Charkot; Krzysztof Dudek; Małgorzata Gonera (2008). "Historic salt mines in Wieliczka and Bochnia". Geoturystyka. 18: 61–70.
  71. ^ "The oldest pub in Norwich". VisitNorwich. Retrieved 25 April 2020.
  72. ^ "8 Oldest Pubs in England". Oldest.org. 13 November 2017. Retrieved 25 April 2020.
  73. ^ "Ten of the Oldest Pubs in Norfolk". Number 10 The Abbey. 22 November 2019. Retrieved 25 April 2020.
  74. ^ "Wieliczka Salt Mine – UNESCO World Heritage Centre". Whc.unesco.org. 1 December 1998. Retrieved 24 September 2012.
  75. ^ "The mine of the past and of today". Wieliczka-saltmine.com. Retrieved 24 September 2012.
  76. ^ "Salt factory in Drohobych". NieznanaUkraina.pl. Retrieved 26 March 2018.
  77. ^ Державі більше не потрібна унікальна єдина у Європі Дрогобицька солеварня (in Ukrainian). Zaxid.net. 20 February 2017. Retrieved 27 March 2018.
  78. ^ "Das sind die Stationen des 4. FFZ" [These are the stations of the 4th FFZ]. Freie Presse (in German). 20 April 2012. Retrieved 25 September 2012.
  79. ^ "Sächsisches Bier" [Saxon beer] (in German). Landwirtschaft.sachsen.de. Retrieved 25 September 2012.
  80. ^ Wiedner, Ruth (14 March 2002). "Altbier-Brauerei Bolten startet strategische Partnerschaft: Mit "Caramel" Malzbier-Fans für sich gewinnen" [Altbier brewery Bolten starts strategic partnership: win over malt beer fans with "Caramel"]. Neuß-Grevenbroicher Zeitung (in German). Retrieved 25 September 2012.
  81. ^ Buchbauer, Andreas (29 August 2012). "Korschenbroich: Auf zum Picknick-Biergarten" [Korschenbroich: Off to the picnic beer garden]. Neuß-Grevenbroicher Zeitung (in German). Retrieved 25 September 2012.
  82. ^ "Aldersbacher Adel übernimmt Peschl – Bayern" [Aldersbach nobility takes over Peschl - Bavaria] (in German). Mediendenk.de. 18 August 2008. Retrieved 25 September 2012.
  83. ^ Gallagher, Zack (16 February 2014). "13 Irish contenders for the 2014 Gourmand World Cookbook Awards". Irish Central. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  84. ^ Lehrer, Suzanne (12 May 2011). "From Cognac to Perfume by P. Frapin & Cie". Vanity Fair. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  85. ^ Wampler, J.T. (19 April 2012). "Review: Hirter Morchl". Fayetteville Flyer. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  86. ^ "Hirter Bier auf Chinesisch" [Hirter beer in China]. wirtschaft.com (in German). 14 February 2014. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  87. ^ "Wrocławskie kamienice: Piwnica Świdnicka" [Wroclaw tenement houses: Piwnica Świdnicka] (in Polish). Krajowy Rynek Nieruchomości. 19 September 2013.
  88. ^ Pauly, Helen (30 June 1981). "This Beer Baron is a Real Prince". The Milwaukee Journal. p. 12. Retrieved 25 September 2012.
  89. ^ Rütschlin, Klaus (21 October 2011). "Gastronomie: Badisch schmeckt's … unser Bier: Fürstenberg: Die Beschwörung des Wir-Gefühls". Badische Zeitung (in German). Retrieved 25 September 2012.
  90. ^ "Programmvorschau 08.04.2012". Saarländischer Rundfunk. 8 April 2012. Retrieved 25 September 2012.
  91. ^ Gittleson, Kim (19 January 2012). "BBC News – Can a company live forever?". BBC News. Retrieved 3 December 2013.
  92. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Young, Chloe (14 August 2013). "5 Oldest Companies in the UK". Skipton Business Finance. Retrieved 3 December 2013.
  93. ^ "Birmingham City Council: entry for The Old Crown". Retrieved 4 May 2012.
  94. ^ a b Goldberg, Howard G. (22 November 1995). "A Celebration Of Riesling". The New York Times. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  95. ^ D. K (October 2014). The Beer Book. ISBN 9781465437679.
  96. ^ "Frozen in Time: The World's Oldest Hotels to Stay In". TravelersToday.com. 7 January 2014. Retrieved 10 December 2014.
  97. ^ "aktienbrauerei kaufbeuren ag". Bloomberg Businessweek. Archived from the original on 23 July 2014. Retrieved 10 December 2014.
  98. ^ Fisher, Mark (11 October 2005). "Wine-DDN". www.daytondailynews.com. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
  99. ^ "湯守のいる湯 白布温泉・東屋旅館". Train Vert (East Japan Railway Company). May 2012. Retrieved 10 December 2014.
  100. ^ "Reisetipp Bratwursthäusle". HolidayCheck. Retrieved 10 December 2014.
  101. ^ a b Huber, Heidi (24 March 2014). "Der Landgasthof der Mayrs könnte der älteste Familienbetrieb Österreichs sein" [The country inn Mayr could be the oldest family operated business in Austria]. Oberösterreichische Nachrichten (in German). Retrieved 6 January 2015.
  102. ^ "Box-Promoter gibt Garley neue Chance". Mitteldeutsche Zeitung. Retrieved 10 December 2014.
  103. ^ "Apotheken - Rats-Apotheke seit 1318 privilegiert Inh. Michae". Med-Kolleg. Retrieved 10 December 2014.
  104. ^ "奈良発祥商品の実態調査報告書" (PDF). J-SMECA 中小企業診断協会. Retrieved 10 December 2014.
  105. ^ "Browar Namysłów świętuje sukces z b&j – Wiadomości – Marketing przy Kawie". Marketing-news.pl. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
  106. ^ "Hotel Interlaken". Frommer's Review via The New York Times. Archived from the original on 31 January 2013.
  107. ^ "In the Swiss footsteps of Byron". The Independent. London. 22 June 2008.
  108. ^ Historic England. "THE OLD BELL (1369482)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 May 2015.
  109. ^ Townley, Simon (2011). The Victoria History of the County of Oxford: Henley-on-Thames and environs. University of London, Institute of Historical Research. p. 35. ISBN 978-1-904356-38-7. Retrieved 21 April 2015.
  110. ^ "Town's oldest house discovered". Henley Standard. 6 August 2009. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 13 November 2011.
  111. ^ 女子土産に最適な老舗の味と新感覚の大福:宮城 (in Japanese). Crea (Bungeishunjū). Retrieved 5 June 2014.
  112. ^ Haefer, Todd (7 May 2014). "Beer Man: German lager Edelstoff is the real deal". The Post-Crescent. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
  113. ^ Holt, Laura (31 August 2013). "Travel by numbers: Oktoberfest". The Independent. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
  114. ^ "Archived copy" かん袋【大阪旅楽】くるみ餅 (in Japanese). 京都関西グルメ本. Archived from the original on 1 October 2016. Retrieved 11 December 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  115. ^ "Warten auf die schwarze Sonne". Berliner Zeitung (in German). Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  116. ^ 有限会社 黒田千年堂 清水羊羹 (in Japanese). Yasugi Tourist Information Center. Retrieved 5 June 2014.
  117. ^ Nachrichten, Salzburger (7 January 2013). "Mehr als nur Wirtsleute seit 678 Jahren" [More than just innkeepers for 678 years]. Salzburger Nachrichten (in German). Retrieved 6 January 2015.
  118. ^ "Weingut Karthäuserhof" (in German). FAIR 'N GREEN. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  119. ^ 株式会社まるや八丁味噌 (in Japanese). Aichi Quality (Industry Promotion Division, Department of Industry and Labor, Aichi Prefecture). Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  120. ^ a b c d e f Flören, Roberto Hans; Jansen, S.F. (2007). Ondernemerschap en het familiebedrijf : de tien oudste familiebedrijven van Nederland [Entrepreneurship and Family Business: The Ten Oldest Families of the Netherlands]. Accountant & familiebedrijf (in Dutch). Wolters Kluwer. p. 37. ISBN 978-9-0130-4749-3. OCLC 212250325. Retrieved 7 January 2015.
  121. ^ "Löwen Heimiswil". Käseroute. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
  122. ^ "La plus vieille auberge de France : la Couronne (Rouen)" (in French). MICHELIN Restaurants. Retrieved 12 December 2014.
  123. ^ "Brauerei Goldene Gans, Augsburg" (in German). SchwabenMedia Meitingen. Retrieved 12 December 2014.
  124. ^ a b 企業平均年齢は31.6歳 (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku databank. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 April 2015. Retrieved 12 December 2014.
  125. ^ "Bruket som har anor sedan 1346". företagsamheten.se (in Swedish). Confederation of Swedish Enterprises. Archived from the original on 14 January 2016. Retrieved 3 January 2016.
  126. ^ a b c "Radio Prague – Breweries in East Bohemia". Radio.cz. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
  127. ^ "Haus zum Rüden" (PDF) (in German). Escapenet GmbH. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 November 2013. Retrieved 12 December 2014.
  128. ^ a b 震災・戦争を生き抜いた「老舗企業」、都内に 2328 社 (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 November 2013. Retrieved 7 November 2013.
  129. ^ "Basel: Zwei Adressen, ein Haus" (in German). Badische Zeitung. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
  130. ^ "Für fünfhundert Jahre verewigt". Neue Zürcher Zeitung (in German). Retrieved 13 December 2014.
  131. ^ Dynasties genevoises, Tribune de Genève, 2006
  132. ^ Ulrich Koglin, Achim Tacke Landpartie 5 Im Norden unterwegs Wismarbucht, Nord-Ostsee-Kanal
  133. ^ "Gemeinde Trubschachen" (in German). Minder, Lauperswil. Archived from the original on 16 December 2014. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
  134. ^ "History of Storchen Zürich". Historic Hotels Worldwide. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
  135. ^ "Gesund wie ein Löwe" (in German). Fischauge Ulm. Retrieved 13 December 2014.
  136. ^ "Historya rodziny Wierzynków" (in Polish). Towarzystwo Miłośników Historii i Zabytków Krakowa. 1899. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
  137. ^ "Barbara, die erste Aarauer Glocke, klingt auch nach 646 Jahren immer noch". Aargauer Zeitung. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
  138. ^ 創業100年以上の「長寿企業」は神奈川県内に630社 (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku databank. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 December 2014. Retrieved 13 December 2014.
  139. ^ "Aufgetischt: Währschaftes bei der Katechetin". Der Bund (in German). Retrieved 14 December 2014.
  140. ^ "Bologna - Albergo al Cappello Rosso" (in Italian). Space Hotels. Retrieved 14 December 2014.
  141. ^ Oliver, Garrett; Colicchio, Tom (2011). The Oxford Companion to Beer. Oxford UP. ISBN 9780195367133. Retrieved 21 March 2012.
  142. ^ "Gasthof Gastagwirt" (in German). Salzburg Convention Bureau. Retrieved 14 December 2014.
  143. ^ "Hotel Restaurant Roter Hahn" (in German). Bamberg-Guide.de. Retrieved 14 December 2014.
  144. ^ Oliver, Garrett; Colicchio, Tom (2011). The Oxford Companion to Beer. Oxford UP. ISBN 9780195367133. Retrieved 2 October 2014.
  145. ^ "Virtuelles Brauhaus Riegele" (in German). Institut für Medien, Wissen und Kommunikation, Universität Augsburg. Retrieved 14 December 2014.
  146. ^ "Duomo di Milano" (in Italian). Veneranda Fabbrica del Duomo di Milano. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
  147. ^ "Sonderheft Apotheker-Verband" (PDF) (in German). Spalentor Verlag. Retrieved 14 December 2014.
  148. ^ "Best Western Plus Hotel Goldener Adler" (in German). Tirol in Österreich. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  149. ^ Chantler, Bob (2010). Rother Country: a Short History and Guide to the River Rother in East Sussex, and the Towns and Villages near to the River. Bob Chantler. p. 23. GGKEY:RD76BJL3758. Retrieved 21 July 2011.
  150. ^ Funabashi, Haruo (2008). Timeless Ventures. Tata McGraw Hill Education. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  151. ^ "松前屋" (in Japanese). 京名物 百味會. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  152. ^ Gaby Funk DuMont Bildatlas Reiseführer Allgäu
  153. ^ 家入博信 社寺曼陀羅: 社寺修復塗師覚え書き
  154. ^ "Hotel Adler - Murten" (in German). swissinfo. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
  155. ^ "Schnupp, Altdrossenfeld, Neudrossenfeld" (in German). Nordbayern online. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  156. ^ Patricia Schultz 1,000 Places to See Before You Die, the second edition
  157. ^ Wehdorn, Manfred; Georgeacopol-Winischhofer, Ute (1984). Baudenkmäler der Technik und Industrie in Österreich: Wien, Niederösterreich ... ISBN 9783205072027.
  158. ^ "German Inn". Spartanburg Herald-Journal. 14 May 1970. p. 18. Retrieved 18 December 2014.
  159. ^ Dettelbacher, Werner; Fröhling, Stefan; Reuss, Andreas (1999). Franken (in German). DuMont Reiseverlag. p. 77. ISBN 978-3-7701-4186-9. Retrieved 18 December 2014.
  160. ^ "Gasthof Zum Goldenen Sternen". Basel Convention Bureau. Archived from the original on 17 December 2014. Retrieved 17 December 2014.
  161. ^ "Boulevard Würzburg: 600 Jahre Gasthaus Stachel". Main-Post. 30 November 2012. Retrieved 5 April 2015.
  162. ^ "Where to go if you have 72 hours in Beijing?". China Travel Page. Retrieved 29 December 2013.
  163. ^ Schubiger, Benno (1991). Solothurn. ISBN 9783728118066.
  164. ^ "Krumbach / Heilbad Krumbad". Gesundes Bayern. Retrieved 17 December 2014.
  165. ^ "Dossier de Presse 2014". Office de Tourisme de Bourges. Archived from the original on 17 December 2014. Retrieved 17 December 2014.
  166. ^ Eva Moser Bodensee: Drei Länder: Kultur und Landschaft zwischen Stein am Rhein, Konstanz und Bregenz
  167. ^ "亀屋陸奥". The CUBE 京都駅ビル専門店街. Archived from the original on 18 December 2014. Retrieved 18 December 2014.
  168. ^ "Gläserne Produktion im Herzen des Ortes". Im Fokus Jesingen/Nabern 2011. Retrieved 18 December 2014.
  169. ^ "信州一の老舗/佐久ホテル 【佐久市】". 軽井沢ナビ. Retrieved 18 December 2014.
  170. ^ "the history of the restaurant goes back as far as 1429". Retrieved 10 August 2021.
  171. ^ "Gablerbräu Website". Retrieved 10 August 2021.
  172. ^ "Dortmunder Kronen". Brauereierlebnis Dortmund. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
  173. ^ "Bratwurst-Röslein". Schutzverbandes Nürnberger Bratwürste. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
  174. ^ "Lodenwalker Ramsau das Original seit 1434". Mein Ausflug. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
  175. ^ "Steckbrief Schloss Sommerhausen". Verband Deutscher Prädikats- und Qualitätsweingüter. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
  176. ^ Adventure Guide to Switzerland. Kimberly Rinker. Hunter Publishing. 1 April 2004. p. 203. ISBN 9781588433695. Retrieved 7 April 2015.
  177. ^ "Gumpoldskirchen - HOTEL LANDHAUS MOSERHOF". Niederösterreich CARD. Archived from the original on 19 December 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
  178. ^ "Gastlichkeit - Klostergasthof". Kloster Andechs. Archived from the original on 19 December 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
  179. ^ "Partner". BrauConsult BCW GmbH. Archived from the original on 20 December 2014. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
  180. ^ "Altstadt Hotel Zum Goldenen Anker, Histor. Wirtshaus". Deutscher Hotel- und Gaststättenverband e.V. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
  181. ^ "Nederlandse molendatabase: Grafelijke Korenmolen, Zeddam". Database van werkende molens in Nederland (in Dutch). Nederlandse molendatabase. Retrieved 29 October 2012.
  182. ^ "2014-07-08_Auch-ein-Begegnungsort - Stein am Rhein" (PDF) (in German). Steiner Anzeiger. Retrieved 8 April 2015.
  183. ^ "Wiener Küche". Best of Wien. Archived from the original on 20 December 2014. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
  184. ^ "HOTEL KRONE". Matrei am Brenner. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
  185. ^ "Privat-Brauerei Zötler". Die Freien Brauer. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
  186. ^ "Kloster Andechs und die Klosterbrauerei". Typisch bayerisch. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
  187. ^ "Hotel- und Restaurant Gasthaus Zum Schwan, Oschatz". Dampfbahn-Route Sachsen. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
  188. ^ "Brauhaus am Kreuzberg - Friedels Keller". Bierland Oberfranken e.V. Archived from the original on 21 December 2014. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
  189. ^ "Restaurant Lilie". Marco Polo Reiseführer. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
  190. ^ "衰え知らぬガンダム…今度は「シャアの金塊羊羹」". Tokyo Sports. 5 August 2013. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  191. ^ "自衛消防隊紹介" (PDF). Osaka City Office. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 December 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  192. ^ "Brauerei-Gasthof Eck". Private Braugasthöfe. Archived from the original on 21 December 2014. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
  193. ^ a b c "江戸時代から伝統を継承する老舗・お茶". hitoyasumi.com. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
  194. ^ "Weingut Geierslay – Geschichte, die man schmeckt…". Der Vicampo Tumblr. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
  195. ^ "本家尾張屋十六代・稲岡亜里子さん". そうだ 京都、行こう。(Central Japan Railway Company). Retrieved 21 December 2014.
  196. ^ "Berg Brauerei / Chronik". Bierkulturstadt - Bier & Kultur in Ehingen. Archived from the original on 3 April 2015. Retrieved 22 December 2014.
  197. ^ "Gallet : Manufacturing High End Professional Timepieces Since 1466". Master Horologer. Archived from the original on 25 December 2014. Retrieved 18 September 2014.
  198. ^ a b 千葉の企業平均年齢は 32.1 歳 (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 November 2013. Retrieved 31 October 2013.
  199. ^ "Gasthaus und Weingut Bad Osterfingen". Schweiz Tourismus. Retrieved 22 December 2014.
  200. ^ "Hotel Hirschgasse". Süddeutsche Zeitung Magazin. 3 June 2010. Retrieved 22 December 2014.
  201. ^ "Fondazione del Monte di Bologna e Ravenna" (in Italian). Acri Raccolte. Retrieved 12 March 2018.
  202. ^ "Der Mann mit dem Überblick". DVZ Deutsche Logistik-Zeitung. Archived from the original on 22 December 2014. Retrieved 22 December 2014.
  203. ^ "Kindli Hotel". LINDENHOF - The Heart of Zürich. Retrieved 22 December 2014.
  204. ^ "La Rochere 1475". Meine Stilwelt. Retrieved 22 December 2014.
  205. ^ "Pfahnl Backmittel GmbH". Schule & Wirtschaft (Volkswirtschaftliche Gesellschaft OÖ). Retrieved 26 December 2014.
  206. ^ "Hirzinger – ein Wirtshaus nicht nur für Musikanten". Bayernhochsechs. Archived from the original on 26 December 2014. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
  207. ^ "Erfurt - zu Stein gewordene Geschichte". Akademie gemeinnütziger Wissenschaften zu Erfurt. Archived from the original on 30 March 2014. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
  208. ^ "和菓子にみる京 Vol.17 変わらぬ優しい甘さがうれしい 水田玉雲堂" (in Japanese). Kyoto Shimbun. Archived from the original on 17 April 2016. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
  209. ^ "Porto, prefettura e banca, Savona sotto assedio". la Repubblica (in Italian). 10 November 2015. Retrieved 12 March 2018.
  210. ^ Langenscheidt, Florian; Venohr, Bernd (2010). Lexikon der deutschen Weltmarktführer. Die Königsklasse deutscher Unternehmen in Wort und Bild (in German). Köln: Deutsche Standards Editionen. ISBN 978-3-86936-221-2.
  211. ^ "Vitohaus zur Sonne". Vitodurania. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
  212. ^ "Brauereimuseum Lüneburg". Brauereimuseum Lüneburg. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
  213. ^ "飛良泉 山廃純米大吟醸 1.8L(秋田地酒倶楽部 英雄)". 47CLUB. Archived from the original on 27 December 2014. Retrieved 27 December 2014.
  214. ^ "Wissensmanagement seit 1488". buchmagazin.ch. Retrieved 2 April 2015.
  215. ^ "Sommerhuber Manufaktur Tradition & Moderne im Zeichen der Sonne". Baufeuer Brandherm GmbH. Archived from the original on 27 December 2014. Retrieved 27 December 2014.
  216. ^ "Stiegl Brewery Austria's biggest and most successful brewery since 1492". Retrieved 10 August 2021.
  217. ^ "Stiegl Website". Retrieved 10 August 2021.
  218. ^ Stefan Lecher Meinen lieben Eltern
  219. ^ "Bürgerbräu Bad Reichenhall". Berchtesgadener Land Tourismus GmbH. Retrieved 6 September 2017.
  220. ^ Scheffler, Ted (4 March 2015). "Wine Wednesday: Finca Wine Dinner with Pepe Raventós". City Weekly. Archived from the original on 8 April 2016. Retrieved 2 February 2016.
  221. ^ "Tourismus Nürnberg: Bratwurstküchen". Verkehrsverein Nürnberg e.V. Archived from the original on 27 December 2014. Retrieved 27 December 2014.
  222. ^ a b c d "Top ten oldest UK companies". Real Business. 20 April 2008. Archived from the original on 11 December 2013. Retrieved 3 December 2013.
  223. ^ "Ammerndorfer Mühle Johann und Albert Stinzendörfer GbR". cylex.de. Retrieved 7 December 2014.
  224. ^ "Grace's Guide - Arthur Beale". Graces Guide. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  225. ^ House, Christian (31 March 2016). "Best of British: Arthur Beale Chandlery". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 10 July 2017.
  226. ^ a b c d e f 創業100年以上の「長寿企業」は1801社、満100歳は63社 (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 November 2013. Retrieved 2 November 2013.
  227. ^ "九州最古の老舗「平戸蔦屋」が作る元祖「カスドース」". 服部幸應のお取り寄せ. Retrieved 7 December 2014.
  228. ^ a b c d e f "創業 100 年の「老舗企業」は群馬県内に 431 社" (PDF). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 April 2015. Retrieved 5 November 2013.
  229. ^ "City Life News / Hotsurings / IKAHO ONSEN". City Life News Online. Retrieved 2 November 2013.
  230. ^ Casey, Vinny (12 June 2001). "York guide". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 6 December 2012.
  231. ^ Garrison, Gordon G. (5 May 2002). "Travel: Step back in time in York". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved 6 December 2012.
  232. ^ "Neuer Hacklwirt gesucht: Gmundens letztes Wirtshaus braucht einen Pächter". Oberösterreichische Nachrichten. Retrieved 7 December 2014.
  233. ^ "100 Japanese Long-established Stores" (PDF). Waraku (Shogakukan). Retrieved 6 June 2014.
  234. ^ 創業 100 年以上の「長寿企業」は 161 社 (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 November 2013. Retrieved 2 November 2013.
  235. ^ "gallery 灘五郷・蔵元探訪・剣菱" (in Japanese). Nadagogo Brewers Association. Archived from the original on 25 July 2001. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
  236. ^ "経営者に訊く 老舗企業とIT 剣菱酒造株式会社" (in Japanese). サイボウズ未来想研 (Cybozu). Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  237. ^ "Jena - 500 Jahre Gasthaus 'Roter Hirsch' vom 1509 bis 2009" (in German). Entdecke JENA. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 7 December 2014.
  238. ^ "Business tips from UK's oldest family firms". BBC News. 15 January 2014. Retrieved 17 January 2014.
  239. ^ Edward TRIPS, Café Vlissinghe 1515-1985, eern eeuwenoude Brugse herberg, Brugge, 1986.
  240. ^ "Kärnten macht Sinn - Metallbau Karl Zeilinger" (in German). Verein Kärnten macht Sinn. Retrieved 1 March 2015.
  241. ^ "The White Hart - EDINBURGH - Belhaven". www.whitehart-edinburgh.co.uk. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  242. ^ "White Hart Inn". Edinburgh City of Literature. Retrieved 20 January 2018.
  243. ^ "The Prague Post – Business Listings :: Měšťanský pivovar v Poličce a.s". The Prague Post. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
  244. ^ "Das heutige Salzbergwerk Berchtesgaden wird erbaut". Südwestdeutsche Salzwerke AG. Archived from the original on 10 December 2014. Retrieved 8 December 2014.
  245. ^ Fawer, Martin (15 November 2011). "Marketing – Orell Füssli: Neues Corporate Design". persoenlich.com. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
  246. ^ "Orell Füssli mit neuem Logo – Klein Report – News, alles über Kommunikation und Medien". KleinReport.ch. 27 May 2010. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
  247. ^ とらや見学。 (in Japanese). ほぼ日刊イトイ新聞(Shigesato Itoi). Retrieved 2 November 2013.
  248. ^ "CTT: uma empresa onde se lê a história do país" (in Portuguese). Retrieved 15 July 2021.
  249. ^ "Schöllnitzer Spreewald Bitter: Ein Kräuterlikör mit Tradition!" (in German). Ost Nachrichten & Osten News !. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
  250. ^ Xavi Vilà i Albiol, Txiverke multimedia design. "Restaurant Hostal de Pinós". El portal dels Pirineus.
  251. ^ "Hotel Bären Twann". Switzerland Travel Centre AG. Retrieved 8 December 2014.
  252. ^ "Shotgun news – Beretta celebrating the unity of Italy" (in Italian). Bighunter.it. 25 March 2011. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
  253. ^ "Beretta: Switching targets". The Economist. 16 November 2006. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
  254. ^ "Oldest manufacturer of weapons". Guinness World Records. Retrieved 28 March 2012.
  255. ^ "Genüsse Schlemmen und Sinnieren". Oberpfalznetz. Retrieved 8 December 2014.
  256. ^ "Liubiju Pickle and Sauce Shop". Beijing Tourism. Retrieved 2 November 2013.
  257. ^ a b c d e f g 戦争や災害を生き抜いた「老舗企業」、滋賀県内に426 社 (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 3 November 2013.
  258. ^ 本家小嶋 – 堺観光ガイド (in Japanese). Sakai Tourism and Convention Bureau (堺観光コンベンション協会). Retrieved 6 July 2014.
  259. ^ "Klosterbräu Bamberg" (in German). Bierland Oberfranken. Archived from the original on 9 December 2014. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
  260. ^ "Grandhotel Zvon" (in Czech). Turistika.cz. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
  261. ^ "Oldest printing and publishing house". Guinness World Records. Retrieved 28 March 2012.
  262. ^ Black, Michael (1984). Cambridge University Press, 1584–1984. pp. 328–9. ISBN 978-0521664974.
  263. ^ Ulla Heise: Ur-Krostitzer - Chronik einer Brauerei in Mitteldeutschland. Leipzig 2006, ISBN 3-938543-30-2
  264. ^ a b c d e f g 創業 100 年以上の「長寿企業」、長野県内に 801 社 (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 November 2013. Retrieved 2 November 2013.
  265. ^ a b c d John J. TePaske. A New World of Gold and Silver. Leiden, Boston: Brill, 2010.
  266. ^ "Tomita Shuzo - SAKAGURA Tourism". Japan Sake and Shochu Makers Association(日本酒造組合中央会). Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  267. ^ August Gebeßler: Stadt und Landkreis Hof. (= Die Kunstdenkmäler von Bayern, Kurzinventare Bd. 7). Deutscher Kunstverlag. München 1960, S. 42 f.
  268. ^ a b c d e f g 震災・戦争を生き抜いた「老舗企業」、栃木県に 389 社 (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 November 2013. Retrieved 2 November 2013.
  269. ^ "History: Banco di Napoli - Intesa Sanpaolo".
  270. ^ "Kawanakajima". Kontatsu.Co., Ltd. Retrieved 2 November 2013.
  271. ^ "Oldest manufacturer of uniforms". Guinness World Records. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
  272. ^ a b c d e Stadler, Christian (5 January 2011). Enduring Success: What We Can Learn from the History of Outstanding Corporations. Stanford University Press. pp. 7–8. ISBN 978-0-8047-7221-1. Retrieved 3 December 2013.
  273. ^ "John Brooke & Sons Ltd". Mirfield Reporter. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
  274. ^ "Das Hoheitszeichen am Obertor". Olten. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
  275. ^ "Wolferstetter - Export Hefe Weizen". Bier-Universum.de. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
  276. ^ "1543 Hof-Apotheke am Coburger Martplatz". Digitales Stadtgedächtnis Coburg. Retrieved 10 December 2014.
  277. ^ a b c d e f g "Hotel Wesseling in Dwingeloo en Aannemer Roozemond in Stavenisse 'nieuw' in de Top 13 oudste familiebedrijven in Nederland". Nyenrode Business Universiteit. 3 December 2012. Retrieved 9 January 2013.
  278. ^ "Adriaen Brouwer". Knack (in Dutch). 4 June 2003. Archived from the original on 3 November 2013. Retrieved 29 October 2013.
  279. ^ Verhaeghe, Julien (19 March 2003). "Een bruintje voor Adriaen Brouwer". Het Nieuwsblad (in Dutch). Retrieved 29 October 2013.
  280. ^ "Oost-Vlaamse biermaand gestart" (in Dutch). Waaskrant.be. 12 October 2009. Retrieved 29 October 2013.
  281. ^ 創業:西暦1546年、伊達家の御殿湯「株式会社不忘閣」 (in Japanese). 生活総合研究所. Retrieved 3 November 2013.
  282. ^ "Can Bonastre". Catalunya.com. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
  283. ^ 吉乃川株式会社 (in Japanese). Niigata Sake Brewers Association. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
  284. ^ 小西酒造株式会社 - 酒蔵ツーリズム (in Japanese). 日本酒造組合中央会 (Japan Sake and Shochu Makers Association). Retrieved 2 February 2015.
  285. ^ "Riess Kelomat GmbH" (in German). Marktgemeinde Ybbsitz. Archived from the original on 4 April 2015. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
  286. ^ a b c d e f g h i 老舗に学ぶ~本県老舗企業 553 社、輩出率全国 9 位~ (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 23 November 2013.
  287. ^ a b c 創業100年以上の「長寿企業」は府内で1,023社 (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 April 2015. Retrieved 3 November 2013.
  288. ^ "Homöopathie bei Blasenentzündungen" (PDF) (in German). ICA-Deutschland e.V. Retrieved 7 November 2013.
  289. ^ a b c d 創業100年以上の「長寿企業」は栃木県内に337社 (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 December 2014. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
  290. ^ "Die Greise der Unternehmenswelt" (PDF). Tages-Anzeiger (in German). Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 April 2015. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
  291. ^ "Bearbeitungszentren für edle Aluminium-Oberflächen" (in German). MAV Maschinen, Anlagen, Verfahren. Archived from the original on 23 November 2015. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
  292. ^ Pot, Annemieke (10 April 2012). "Hollands glorie" [Hollands Glory]. PlusOnline (in Dutch). Retrieved 7 January 2015.
  293. ^ 那古野エリア | なごや今昔紀行 (in Japanese). 名古屋観光コンベンションビューロー (Nagoya Convention & Visitors Bureau). Retrieved 2 November 2013.
  294. ^ 老舗企業に学ぶ 1555年創業(株)千總の経営理念 (in Japanese). Okayama Chamber of Commerce and Industry. Archived from the original on 4 April 2015. Retrieved 29 December 2014.
  295. ^ a b c d e 江戸時代から伝統を継承する老舗 (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Retrieved 17 January 2015.
  296. ^ a b c d e 創業 100 年以上の「老舗企業」は県内で 303 社 (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 November 2013. Retrieved 4 November 2013.
  297. ^ a b c d e "Special Edition: survey on "long life company" older than 100 years in Gifu prefecture: 400 companies in the prefecture are – Okamoto, established 1560, tops, 7 are older than 300 years -( 特別企画: 岐阜県における創業 100 年以上の「長寿企業」実態調査 創業 100 年以上の「長寿企業」は県下に 400 社~ 長寿トップは西暦 1560 年創業の岡本、創業 300 年超は 7 社 ~ )" (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Data Bank, Gifu-branch. 16 September 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 November 2013. Retrieved 5 August 2013. Main old companies over 100 years old (Top 5) 創業100年以上の主な長寿企業 (上位5社) 1.Okamoto 岡本(おかもと) 1560年 2.Kuwana-ya 桑名屋(くわなや) 1597年3.Tatebayashi 舘林(たてばやし) 1688年 4.Suzuki Bussan 鈴木物産(すずきぶつさん) 1695年 4.Nikishuzō 二木酒造(にきしゆぞう) 1695年
  298. ^ "中山道最大の宿『本庄宿』の再発見 vol.4" (in Japanese). 埼玉県 (Saitama Prefecture). Retrieved 2 February 2019.
  299. ^ "Echt Kaiserstuhl seit 1561" (PDF) (in German). Regio aktuell. Retrieved 29 December 2014.
  300. ^ "La "Farmacia SS. Annunziata dal 1561 Firenze Italy"" (in Italian). Nove da Firenze. Retrieved 29 December 2014.
  301. ^ a b 山梨の企業平均年齢は 36.9 歳 (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 November 2013. Retrieved 5 November 2013.
  302. ^ 笠松名物、笠松志古羅ん (in Japanese). Kasamatsu Confectionery Association, Kasamatsu Commercial and Industrial Association. Archived from the original on 4 April 2015. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  303. ^ "Istituto Bancario San Paolo di Torino". Intesa Sanpaolo. 16 December 2010. Retrieved 17 August 2019.
  304. ^ 藤田聡 四万温泉 オールアバウト
  305. ^ 遷宮守った太閤 出世餅に名残す. Yomiuri Shimbun (in Japanese). Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  306. ^ "FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: LATIS Imports Joins Ben E. Keith". GreatBrewers.com. Retrieved 29 December 2014.
  307. ^ "Beijing Olympic – Liuquanju". Hello Mandarin. Retrieved 29 December 2013.
  308. ^ "Brauerei Gasthof Herold". Bierland Oberfranken e.V. Archived from the original on 30 December 2014. Retrieved 30 December 2014.
  309. ^ "株式会社 吉字屋本店". 山梨県産業労働部労政雇用課. Retrieved 30 December 2014.
  310. ^ William T. O'Hara Centuries of Success: Lessons from the World's Most Enduring Family Businesses Adams Media Corporation (September 2004)
  311. ^ "Edegger, Erich - Vizebürgermeister - Biolex - Details". Österreichischer Cartellverband. Retrieved 30 December 2014.
  312. ^ Ramdohr, Paul (1910). Geschichte der Darmstädter Apotheken. Darmstadt: Wittich'sche Hofbuchdruckerei. p. 39.
  313. ^ "Hotel Schwarzer Adler". Tirol Werbung GmbH. Retrieved 30 December 2014.
  314. ^ 1570年に創業の翠松堂製薬:三重県四日市市 (in Japanese). Suzuka Town Guide. Retrieved 5 November 2013.
  315. ^ "【B-5】 企業名 伊勢くすり本舗株式会社" (PDF) (in Japanese). 三重県産業支援センター (Mie Industry and Enterprise Support Center). Retrieved 11 May 2017.
  316. ^ 松崎晴雄 (Haruo Matsuzaki) (2018). 日本酒ガイドブック≪英語対訳つき≫the SAKE BOOK (in Japanese). 実業之日本社(Jitsugyo no Nihon Sha). p. 055. ISBN 9784408009162. Retrieved 14 November 2019.
  317. ^ 今や良い技術とは昔の技術にいかに近付くかです。吉田 源之丞 (in Japanese). 石田大成社 (ISHIDA TAISEISHA CO., LTD). Retrieved 11 September 2018.
  318. ^ "Luzhou Laojiao 1573, Sichuan Travel Review By jabarootoo". Travel China Guide. Retrieved 29 December 2013.
  319. ^ a b c 震災・戦争を生き抜いた「老舗企業」、富山に 442 社 (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 November 2013. Retrieved 5 November 2013.
  320. ^ "Archived copy" 無臭の魚醤入り減塩しょうゆ – 産学官の道しるべ (in Japanese). Japan Science and Technology Agency. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 28 April 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  321. ^ a b c d e 福井県の長寿企業は481社 (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 April 2015. Retrieved 17 January 2015.
  322. ^ a b c d e f "Archived copy" 100年超え企業全体の4.3%を占める。数こそ少ないが (in Japanese). Business Kagawa. Archived from the original on 9 November 2013. Retrieved 7 November 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  323. ^ 商店街を歩く[お土産編] (in Japanese). i-Townpage. Archived from the original on 9 November 2013. Retrieved 7 November 2013.
  324. ^ 佐賀市|佐賀県の検索&コミュニティ【さがすばんた】 (in Japanese). Otonari Printing co,. Ltd. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
  325. ^ 美味しい日本茶入門 エイ出版社(EI-Publishing) (March 2015)
  326. ^ a b 江戸時代から伝統を継承する老舗 (in Japanese). hitoyasumi.com. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
  327. ^ "Dopff Au Moulin – Pioniere des Crémant d'Alsace seit 1574" (in German). vollmundig Schmitz - Feine Weine. Retrieved 31 December 2014.
  328. ^ "Besichtigung Glossner-Bräu mit Brauereimuseum" (in German). Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz. Archived from the original on 4 April 2015. Retrieved 31 December 2014.
  329. ^ "Choosing the Best Japanese Incense: 6 Things to Know". Japan Objects. Retrieved 24 December 2019.
  330. ^ 山ばな平八茶屋 (in Japanese). DigiStyle京都. Retrieved 31 December 2014.
  331. ^ 岸権旅館 (in Japanese). JTB Corporation. Retrieved 31 December 2014.
  332. ^ 玉英堂 (in Japanese). まち日本橋 (Mitsui Fudosan). Retrieved 20 March 2015.
  333. ^ にぎり墨体験 (株)古梅園 (in Japanese). 奈良県産業振興総合センター. Retrieved 31 December 2014.
  334. ^ "Wiener Holzhausen-Verlagsgruppe in Konkurs" (in German). derStandard.at. Retrieved 31 December 2014.
  335. ^ "Waffen Klett, Borken" (in German). Handwerk.com. Retrieved 1 January 2015.
  336. ^ a b c 震災・戦争を生き抜いた「老舗企業」、山形県に 543 社 (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Retrieved 6 November 2013.
  337. ^ "Ärzte, Hebammen, Apotheken, Drogen, Heilkundige". Landesarchiv Baden Württemberg. Retrieved 10 December 2014.
  338. ^ "加賀友禅彩食館 木倉や". 金沢市観光協会 (Kanazawa City Tourism Association). Retrieved 26 February 2015.
  339. ^ "Kanazawa Shinise Memorial Hall". Japan Station. Retrieved 10 July 2019.
  340. ^ "地元産原料によるプレミアム醤油の開発 -ヒガシマル醤油とJA兵庫西を中心とする農商工連携の取組み-" (PDF) (in Japanese). Norinchukin Research Institute Co., Ltd. Retrieved 4 June 2014.
  341. ^ a b c d e "特別企画:「老舗企業」実態調査(香川県)(Special Edition: Survey on "long life companies" (Kagawa Prefecture)" (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Data Bank, Takamatsu-branch. 17 August 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 November 2013. Retrieved 24 January 2013. 主な老舗企業(上位10社):「寺院,仏教教会」除くMain long life companies(Top 10): except Temples 1. 波多野塗料(はたのとりょう, Hatano paint) 1582 塗料卸(Paint wholesale), 2. 和泉商会(いずみしょうかい, Izumi Shokai) 1663 石工品製造(Stonework manufacturing), 3. 西野金陵(にしのきんりょう, Nishino Kinryo) 1658 酒類卸(Sake wholesale)), 4. 井筒屋(いづつや, Izutsuya) 1692 めん類製造(Noodle manufacturing)
  342. ^ 株式会社印傳屋 上原勇七 - 印伝(革工芸品)づくりに400年余 (in Japanese). FUJITSU JOURNAL. Retrieved 1 January 2015.
  343. ^ 銀座の老舗 (in Japanese). 日刊 勝ち組スポーツ. Retrieved 1 January 2015.
  344. ^ "Piana Clerico. Lusso dal 1582" (in Italian). Alessandro Serena. Web producer, consulente web. Archived from the original on 3 April 2015. Retrieved 1 January 2015.
  345. ^ "V Hradci se vrátili k tradici vaření piva, ale v malém – Hradecký deník". Hradecký Deník. Hradecky.denik.cz. 26 March 2008. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
  346. ^ 水沢うどん (in Japanese). コムギケーション倶楽部. Retrieved 1 January 2015.
  347. ^ "Mayinglong Pharmaceutical Group Co., Ltd. : Fairly valued, but don't skip the other factors". CapitalCube. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
  348. ^ "MaYinglong Group introduction". MaYinglong Group. MaYinglong Group. Archived from the original on 18 August 2016. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
  349. ^ "So war es im Porterhouse im Gnomenkeller" (PDF) (in German). Die WochenSchau. Retrieved 1 January 2015.
  350. ^ "Dragseth's Gasthof" (in German). Tourismus und Stadtmarketing Husum GmbH. Retrieved 2 January 2015.
  351. ^ 株式会社 ゑり善 (in Japanese). 京都ジョブパーク. Retrieved 2 January 2015.
  352. ^ a b 【放送内容】静岡発そこ知り(5月5日放送分) (in Japanese). Shizuoka Broadcasting System. Retrieved 2 January 2015.
  353. ^ "Julius Kiennast Lebensmittelgroßhandels GmbH" (in German). So schmeckt Niederösterreich (Energie- und Umweltagentur Niederösterreich). Retrieved 2 January 2015.
  354. ^ 創業天正十三年(1585)400年の歴史 御菓子司 本家菊屋 (in Japanese). 全国商工会連合会. Retrieved 2 January 2015.
  355. ^ 新規受注ビル・施設の実績 (in Japanese). 東急コミュニティー. Retrieved 2 January 2015.
  356. ^ 松井建設株式会社 (in Japanese). 東京商工会議所(Tokyo Chamber of Commerce and Industry). Retrieved 3 January 2015.
  357. ^ "Haeberlein-Metzger – Der Lebkuchen". Handelsblatt (in German). Archived from the original on 3 January 2015. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
  358. ^ 長五郎餅本舗 (in Japanese). 西陣てくとこ. Archived from the original on 3 April 2015. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
  359. ^ 五十二萬石 如水庵 (in Japanese). All Japan Confectionery Association. Archived from the original on 30 January 2015. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  360. ^ "Company Overview of Keymer Tiles Limited". Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
  361. ^ "Piesers Gasthaus seit 1589" (in German). Hoga-Professional. Archived from the original on 3 April 2015. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
  362. ^ "Biershop Bayern" (in German). Hoga-Professional. Retrieved 4 January 2015.
  363. ^ 伊場仙 (in Japanese). まち日本橋 (Mitsui Fudosan). Retrieved 4 January 2015.
  364. ^ "Lana". Legion Paper. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 4 January 2015.
  365. ^ "Family Business United". Family Business United. Retrieved 3 December 2013.
  366. ^ "Schirm, Charme und Marille". Die Welt (in German). Retrieved 7 November 2013.
  367. ^ a b c d e f g h 創業 100 年以上の「長寿企業」は 514 社 (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 November 2013. Retrieved 6 November 2013.
  368. ^ a b c d e f g 震災・戦争を生き抜いた「老舗企業」、新潟に 1120 社 (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 November 2013. Retrieved 7 November 2013.
  369. ^ 翁飴本舗・桔梗屋 - 能代市企業情報データベース (in Japanese). 能代市. Retrieved 27 February 2015.
  370. ^ "The Most Popular Japanese Landmark! Fushimi Inari-taisha Shrine". OpenRice Group Inc. Retrieved 16 March 2017.
  371. ^ a b c d e f 長寿企業の事業展開に関する調査研究 (PDF) (in Japanese). Oita Small and Medium Enterprise Management Consultant Association. Retrieved 29 November 2013.
  372. ^ "Gasthaus Specht" (in German). Click-Mainz (Frings Medienservice). Archived from the original on 4 April 2015. Retrieved 12 January 2015.
  373. ^ 株式会社負野薫玉堂 (in Japanese). 京都ジョブパーク (Kyoto Prefecture). Retrieved 4 January 2015.
  374. ^ "Kulinarisches" (in German). Appartementhaus Zum Fuchswirt. Retrieved 4 January 2015.
  375. ^ "Wikipedia Page" (in German). JJB-Website Hotel zum Ritter St. Georg. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  376. ^ Konrad Dietrich, Brigitte Riethmüller "Osiander 1596-1971. Buchhandel in Tübingen." Osiandersche Buchhandlung 1971
  377. ^ 導入事例(株式会社豊島屋本店様) (in Japanese). 株式会社日立システムズ (Hitachi Systems, Ltd.). Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  378. ^ a b c d e f g h i 愛知県の創業 100 年以上の「長寿企業」は 1198 社 (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 November 2013. Retrieved 8 November 2013.
  379. ^ スポット詳細:大寺餅河合堂(株) 堺観光ガイド (in Japanese). SAKAI tourism & convention Guide. Retrieved 8 November 2013.
  380. ^ 10年04月15日放送福島・玉の湯温泉 (in Japanese). 東日本放送. Retrieved 13 February 2015.
  381. ^ a b 文化史23 京都の出版 (in Japanese). Kyoto City Office. Retrieved 6 March 2014.
  382. ^ 京を語る 情報誌『京都』 有限会社 林勘法衣店 (in Japanese). 株式会社石田大成社 (Ishida Taiseisha Co., Ltd.). Retrieved 7 March 2015.
  383. ^ "Brauerei Gold Ochsen GmbH" (in German). Bier-Universum.de. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  384. ^ 酒造資料館 東光の酒蔵 (in Japanese). 日本酒造組合中央会 (Japan Sake and Shochu Makers Association). Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  385. ^ 宇津救命丸 家庭薬ロングセラー物語 (in Japanese). 日本家庭薬協会 (Home Medicine Association of Japan). Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  386. ^ http://www.findglocal.com/US/Velarde/142049243040177/The-Fruit-Basket
  387. ^ https://www.santafenewmexican.com/magazines/family-fruits/article_c0134080-be91-11e2-9130-001a4bcf6878.html
  388. ^ a b c 第3章 家庭薬歴史探訪 家庭薬はいつの時代も暮らしの味方 (PDF) (in Japanese). 日本家庭薬協会 (Home Medicine Association of Japan). Retrieved 12 January 2015.
  389. ^ 綿半HD、12月に東証2部上場 (in Japanese). 日刊鉄鋼新聞 (Japan Metal Daily). Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  390. ^ 陶芸リレー【武雄温泉ハイツ&中里茂右ェ門】 (in Japanese). 武雄焼陶磁器ショップ 緑青. Retrieved 9 November 2013.
  391. ^ みなとや幽霊子育飴本舗 – ほっこり京都生活 (in Japanese). Wakasa Seikatsu. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  392. ^ "Glockenmuseum Grassmayr" (in German). Tirol.tl (Peer GmbH). Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  393. ^ 歴史とともに歩む 医療法人爽神堂 七山病院 (in Japanese). Medical Finder. Archived from the original on 26 February 2014. Retrieved 9 November 2013.
  394. ^ "ARSV: Stämpfli Verlag AG" (in German). ARSV (Arbeitsgemeinschaft rechts- und staatswissenschaftlicher Verlage e.V.). Retrieved 1 April 2015.
  395. ^ Lysons, Daniel; Lysons, Samuel (1800). An historical account of those parishes in the county of Middlesex, which are not described in the Environs of London. Thomas Cadell. p. 152. OCLC 8970070. Retrieved 26 November 2015.
  396. ^ "Guangzhou Chenliji". 广州工业名优产品产销中心 (Guangzhou Industrial Famous & Excellent Products Exhibition & Sales Center). Archived from the original on 6 January 2015. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
  397. ^ 致美斋的由来: 从"品芳斋"开始的酱园老故事 (in Chinese). Southcn.com. Archived from the original on 30 December 2013. Retrieved 29 December 2013.
  398. ^ 常陸太田で2を探そう (PDF) (in Japanese). 常陸太田市フォンズネットワーク (常陸太田市生涯学習センター). Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 April 2015. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
  399. ^ 木村新造装束店 (in Japanese). 株式会社パイオン (PION Co., Ltd.). Retrieved 6 January 2015.
  400. ^ a b c 明治期以前に創業した「老舗企業」は県内に 794 社 (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 November 2013. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
  401. ^ "Okuto Shoji". Harima Kouiki Renkei Kyougikai (Himeji City plan policy promotion office). Retrieved 16 January 2017.
  402. ^ "Hotel Goldener Karpfen" (in German). Förderverein Stadtmarketing Aschaffenburg e.V. Retrieved 6 January 2015.[dead link]
  403. ^ "Brauerei Gundel - Fränkische Bierstraße - Brauereien Gaststätten Biergärten" (in German). Bierland Oberfranken e.V. Retrieved 7 December 2017.
  404. ^ 後藤酒造株式会社 (in Japanese). 愛媛県酒造協同組合. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
  405. ^ 創業100年以上はざら 歴史ある日本の老舗企業に驚愕右田本店 (in Japanese). 職人Times (株式会社MEGA-East). Archived from the original on 3 April 2015. Retrieved 7 January 2015.
  406. ^ "Archived copy" 右田本店 (in Japanese). 島根県酒造組合 (Shimane Sake Brewers Association). Archived from the original on 7 January 2015. Retrieved 7 January 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  407. ^ 2540養命酒製造 (in Japanese). 会社四季報オンライン (Toyo Keizai). Retrieved 7 January 2015.
  408. ^ "Archived copy" 株式会社福井弥右衛門商店 (in Japanese). ザ・ビジネスモール. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 28 February 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  409. ^ "Château d'Auvernier: une histoire de famille qui s'étale sur quatorze générations" (in French). Hotellerie Gastronomie Verlag. Archived from the original on January 7, 2015. Retrieved January 7, 2015.
  410. ^ 新・仙台の魅力発見 12の散策コース (in Japanese). 仙台観光コンベンション協会 (Sendai Tourism & Convention Bureau). Archived from the original on 14 July 2013. Retrieved 7 January 2015.
  411. ^ "Shobido NAGAMATSU BUTSUGUTEN". 寺町京極商店街振興組合 (Teramachi Kyogoku). Retrieved 7 January 2015.
  412. ^ 日本を変えた土佐の偉人が愛した銘酒/司牡丹酒造株式会社 (in Japanese). 高知県・高知まるごとネット事務局 (Kōchi Prefecture. Archived from the original on 8 January 2015. Retrieved 8 January 2015.
  413. ^ 平城遷都1300年記念 期間限定ショップ「奈良香」が登場! (PDF) (in Japanese). Kintetsu. Retrieved 10 June 2014.
  414. ^ "Hirsch Hotel Gehrung - Ostfildern". Venere Net S.r.l. Retrieved 8 January 2015.
  415. ^ "創業四百年 石長 鎌倉INFO" (in Japanese). 鎌倉市観光協会 (Kamakura City Tourist Association). Retrieved 8 January 2015.
  416. ^ 薄く、美しい山形鋳物「菊地保寿堂」 (in Japanese). Revalue Nippon (Hidetoshi Nakata). Retrieved 8 January 2015.
  417. ^ 創業 100 年以上の「長寿企業」は 278 社 (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 November 2013. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
  418. ^ a b c d e "江戸時代から伝統を継承する老舗・旅館:近畿". hitoyasumi.com. Retrieved 5 February 2015.
  419. ^ 水戸まちなかナビ 合名会社 加納商店 (in Japanese). 水戸商工会議所 (Mito Chamber of Commerce and Industry). Retrieved 1 March 2015.
  420. ^ a b 県内企業の平均年齢は32.8歳 ~全国で4番目に低く、長寿企業輩出率も全国45位~ (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 April 2015. Retrieved 11 June 2014.
  421. ^ "Altes Gasthaus Leve - Lokale Küche Restaurants - Münster" (in German). Max. Archived from the original on 8 January 2015. Retrieved 8 January 2015.
  422. ^ "Schleppe Brauerei: Erstes Kreativbier der Spezialitätenbrauerei" (in German). about-drinks.com (markt 8 GmbH). Retrieved 8 January 2015.
  423. ^ "Gassner-Gastronomie Folder" (PDF) (in German). Gassner Gastronomie GmbH. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 January 2015. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
  424. ^ "Hofgut Restaurant in Gönnheim" (in German). Mamilade Ausflugsziele. Archived from the original on 9 January 2015. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
  425. ^ 有限会社 笹島商店 - リンナイ 総合商品情報サイト (in Japanese). リンナイ. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
  426. ^ 呉服町老舗探訪記 第一回 【ふしみや呉服町本店】 (in Japanese). 静岡呉服町名店街. Archived from the original on 5 February 2015. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
  427. ^ "Archived copy" 老舗のお菓子屋さんの銘菓(三重県) :老舗 (in Japanese). スイーツお菓子お取り寄せ通販情報. Archived from the original on 9 January 2015. Retrieved 9 January 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  428. ^ 江戸時代から伝統を継承する老舗 (in Japanese). hitoyasumi.com. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
  429. ^ 有松・鳴海絞 (PDF) (in Japanese). Chubu Region Institute for Social and Economic Research. Retrieved 11 November 2013.
  430. ^ "Archived copy" 宿場町・薮原-水のライブラリー (in Japanese). Nagoya City Waterworks & Sewerage Bureau. Archived from the original on 11 November 2013. Retrieved 11 November 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  431. ^ "400 Jahre Töpfertradition" (in German). Heimatzeitung (Neue Presse Multimedia GmbH). Retrieved 9 January 2015.
  432. ^ "Brauerei und Destillerie Kloster Ettal" (in German). Kur- und Tourist-Information Bad Kohlgrub. Archived from the original on 9 January 2015. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
  433. ^ "Ritterbräu Neumarkt GmbH" (in German). Genussland Oberösterreich. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
  434. ^ "400 lat Apteki Rektorskiej w Zamościu" (in Polish). Aptekarz Polski. September 2009.
  435. ^ "THE WOOKEY HOLE PAPER MILL". BBC. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
  436. ^ "株式会社 本陣リゾート – 大卒等就職情報WEB提供サービス" (in Japanese). Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare, Government of Japan. Retrieved 10 June 2014.
  437. ^ 香川の旅 (in Japanese). 朝日放送 (Asahi Broadcasting Corporation). Archived from the original on 10 January 2015. Retrieved 10 January 2015.
  438. ^ a b c 創業 100 周年以上の「老舗企業」は府内で 1272 社 (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 February 2014. Retrieved 14 November 2013.
  439. ^ [名門堂千原] 里柿 (in Japanese). Fujingaho. Retrieved 10 June 2014.
  440. ^ "Firmengründungen 1613-1864" (in German). Nordend-Chronik. Retrieved 10 January 2015.
  441. ^ a b Mccormack, Kathy (1 August 2010). "After 378 years, NH family farm goes up for sale | World news". The Guardian. Associated Press. Retrieved 6 December 2012.
  442. ^ 菊谷 しばた観光ガイド (in Japanese). Shibata Tourism Association. Retrieved 10 June 2014.
  443. ^ 元湯 環翠楼 箱根の温泉・旅館・ホテル 公式ガイド「箱ぴた」 (in Japanese). 箱根温泉旅館協同組合 (Hakone Hot spring Ryokans and Hotels Association). Retrieved 16 March 2015.
  444. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q グロービス経営大学院 創業三〇〇年の長寿企業はなぜ栄え続けるのか
  445. ^ 株式会社 永楽屋 (in Japanese). 京都ジョブナビ (京都府商工労働観光部総合就業支援室). Retrieved 10 January 2015.
  446. ^ 有限会社 古畑旅館 (in Japanese). 21あおもり産業総合支援センター (Aomori Support Center for Industrial Promotion). Retrieved 10 January 2015.
  447. ^ 株式会社コメヤ薬局 (in Japanese). 秋田県物産振興会. Archived from the original on 10 January 2015. Retrieved 10 January 2015.
  448. ^ 株式会社コメヤ薬局 (in Japanese). めでぃしーんねっと2016 (J-Broad Co., LTD). Archived from the original on 10 January 2015. Retrieved 10 January 2015.
  449. ^ 株式会社柳屋本店様 導入事例 (in Japanese). テクマトリックス. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
  450. ^ 各店のご案内(村田眼鏡舗) (in Japanese). 東都のれん会. Retrieved 5 March 2015.
  451. ^ 森野吉野葛本舗 (in Japanese). 奈良銘品館. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
  452. ^ "Wildbräu Grafing" (in German). Bier-Tour.de. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
  453. ^ "Brauerei C. Wittmann OHG" (in German). Bier-Universum. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
  454. ^ 亀屋清永 京都のグルメ情報 (in Japanese). DigiStyle京都. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
  455. ^ "夏目三久 Tokyoナビゲッチュ〜! 2012年12月23日" (in Japanese). ニッポン放送 (Nippon Broadcasting System). Retrieved 11 January 2015.
  456. ^ "Stadtlokal Zum Schwarzen Kameel in Wien" (in German). Österreich Werbung. Archived from the original on 4 April 2015. Retrieved 12 January 2015.
  457. ^ "Simon Aellig" (in German). Valais Terroir (Feinschmecker Wallis). Retrieved 12 January 2015.
  458. ^ "Beste Weine von Weingut Spindler Lindenhof" (in German). Wine in Black. Retrieved 12 January 2015.
  459. ^ "Austria's biggest beer garden". Retrieved 10 August 2021.
  460. ^ "Augustiner Bräu Kloster Mülln in Salzburg Website". Retrieved 10 August 2021.
  461. ^ "Zur Letzten Instanz". 10Best.com (USA Today). Retrieved 12 January 2015.
  462. ^ "Privatbrauerei Gessner GmbH & Co" (in German). Bierspot.de. Archived from the original on 3 April 2015. Retrieved 12 January 2015.
  463. ^ "Matten bei Interlaken: Gasthof Hirschen hat einen neuen Besitzer" (in German). Berner Oberland News. Retrieved 12 January 2015.
  464. ^ 久寿玉(くすだま) 岐阜ポートフォリオ (in Japanese). 岐阜県商工労働部観光交流推進局観光課. Archived from the original on April 3, 2015. Retrieved January 13, 2015.
  465. ^ 2013蔵見学会 (in Japanese). 広島県酒造組合 (Hiroshima Sake Brewery Association). Retrieved 13 January 2015.
  466. ^ "Richard Boecking Wine Estate - Mosel-Inside - The Mosel-Valley-Travel-Guide" (in German). Mosel-Inside.de. Retrieved 13 October 2019.
  467. ^ 長野【大久保西の茶屋】信州戸隠そばセット (in Japanese). 伊勢丹. Retrieved 13 January 2015.
  468. ^ 「小丸屋」十代目女将 住井啓子さん 京の人に聞きました (in Japanese). JR東海. Retrieved 13 January 2015.
  469. ^ 吉壽(きちじゅ) 吉崎酒造株式会社 (in Japanese). 日本の酒蔵巡り (佐野屋 地酒.com). Archived from the original on 16 April 2015. Retrieved 13 January 2015.
  470. ^ "NameBright - Coming Soon" 酒饅頭/高岡福信 (in Japanese). Kuidaore Osaka: Food Library. Retrieved 11 June 2014.
  471. ^ 月窓餅 大洲市 (in Japanese). Ehime Tourist Information(愛媛県観光物産協会). Archived from the original on 11 June 2014. Retrieved 11 June 2014.
  472. ^ お客様の気持ちに寄り添う ㈲佐藤葬具店 (in Japanese). Association of Small Business Entrepreneurs in Shizuoka(静岡県中小企業家同友会). 18 October 2012. Retrieved 11 June 2014.
  473. ^ "Hotel-Gasthof Zum Heidenberg in Büchenbach (Kühedorf)" (in German). Hotel.de AG. Retrieved 14 January 2015.
  474. ^ "Archived copy" 中小企業魅力発信レポート (PDF) (in Japanese). 中小企業基盤整備機構 (Organization for Small & Medium Enterprises and Regional Innovation, JAPAN). Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 January 2015. Retrieved 14 January 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  475. ^ 日本の銘菓総覧 (in Japanese). elphstudio. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
  476. ^ 名古屋最古の「河文」が経営権譲渡へ. Chunichi Shimbun (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 10 July 2014.
  477. ^ 門上武司 さすがといわせる大阪選抜グルメ 2014
  478. ^ 常盤屋旅館 (in Japanese). 野沢温泉旅館ホテル事業協同組合. Archived from the original on 23 February 2015. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
  479. ^ 壺屋総本店 (in Japanese). 全国和菓子協会(Japan Wagashi Association). Retrieved 21 April 2020.
  480. ^ "SAKE SHOP 福光屋 金沢本店" (in Japanese). 金沢市観光協 会 (Kanazawa City Tourism Association). Retrieved 14 January 2015.
  481. ^ 萬翠楼 福住 (in Japanese). 箱根温泉旅館協同組合 (Hakone Hot spring Ryokans and Hotels Association). Retrieved 14 January 2015.
  482. ^ 森八 室町店 (in Japanese). まち日本橋 (Mitsui Fudosan). Retrieved 14 January 2015.
  483. ^ "Weingut Paul Schunk" (in German). Wein-Plus. Retrieved 14 January 2015.
  484. ^ 櫻正宗株式会社 酒蔵ツーリズム (in Japanese). 日本酒造組合中央会 (Japan Sake and Shochu Makers Association). Retrieved 15 January 2015.
  485. ^ 株式会社東亜酒造 酒蔵ツーリズム (in Japanese). 日本酒造組合中央会 (Japan Sake and Shochu Makers Association). Retrieved 15 January 2015.
  486. ^ やげん堀 (in Japanese). 浅草うまいもの会. Retrieved 15 January 2015.
  487. ^ 老舗企業設立年表 (in Japanese). 老舗企業研究会 (実践経営学会 顧客価値研究会). Archived from the original on 18 January 2015. Retrieved 15 January 2015.
  488. ^ 滔々と受け継がれる南部鉄器「15代鈴木盛久 熊谷志衣子」 (in Japanese). Hidetoshi Nakata. Retrieved 11 June 2014.
  489. ^ 高岡老舗会の会員企業の紹介 (in Japanese). Toyama Chamber of Commerce and Industry(富山県商工会議所連合会). Retrieved 11 June 2014.
  490. ^ Lonely Planet、Marc Di Duca、Kerry Christiani Lonely Planet Munich, Bavaria & the Black Forest
  491. ^ 創業 100 年以上の「長寿企業」、全国で 2 万 6,144 社 (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 February 2014. Retrieved 17 November 2013.
  492. ^ 身延町商工会 – 甘養亭 (in Japanese). Minobu Shokokai(身延町商工会). Retrieved 11 June 2014.
  493. ^ 湯島・本郷散歩 老舗和菓子屋 藤むら(藤村)羊羹編 (in Japanese). Gonzo Shouts. Retrieved 11 June 2014.
  494. ^ 香川県の宿泊 琴平花壇 (in Japanese). むらからまちから館. Archived from the original on 18 April 2015. Retrieved 15 January 2015.
  495. ^ "Neumarkter Lammsbräu 1628 Imperial - ein Gourmetbock für biersondere Anlässe" (in German). BierBasis.de. Retrieved 15 January 2015.
  496. ^ "Hotel Schwan in Oestrich" (in German). HRS - Hotel Reservation Service (Robert Ragge GmbH). Archived from the original on 4 April 2015. Retrieved 16 January 2015.
  497. ^ "winkler braeu seit 1628 brauerei und braeustueberl inh hans konrad winkler" (in German). Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved 16 January 2015.
  498. ^ やちや酒造株式会社 (in Japanese). 長期熟成酒研究会 (Association for Long Term Aged Sake). Retrieved 16 January 2015.
  499. ^ a b 震災・戦争を生き抜いた「老舗企業」、県内に 695 社 (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 February 2014. Retrieved 21 November 2013.
  500. ^ 千鳥屋 (in Japanese). 野田阪神ウイステ (WISTE). Archived from the original on 9 June 2013. Retrieved 16 January 2015.
  501. ^ "Gräfliche Brauerei Arco Valley GmbH" (in German). Bier-Universum.de. Retrieved 16 January 2015.
  502. ^ 箱根温泉「一の湯」グループ6店舗で湘南ゴールドがお楽しみ頂けるように (in Japanese). サンクトガーレン (Sankt Gallen Brewery Co., Ltd.). Retrieved 16 January 2015.
  503. ^ "Nach Rückgängen bei Geschäftsessen: Wirt am Berg sperrt mit Jahresende zu" (in German). Nachrichten.at. Retrieved 17 January 2015.
  504. ^ 常久刃物店 - 京都で暮らそう (in Japanese). 株式会社エクザム. Retrieved 10 March 2015.
  505. ^ Gerhard A. Stadler Das industrielle Erbe Niederösterreichs: Geschichte, Technik, Architektur
  506. ^ Levow, Faye (12 October 2007). "The story of a red barn in Dover". Seacoast Online. Retrieved 28 March 2012.
  507. ^ Weisgerber, Marcus (4 November 2005). "Planning under way to save historic Tuttle Farm in Dover". Foster's Daily Democrat. Retrieved 28 March 2012.
  508. ^ "Hotel Zum Ochsen Nichtraucher-Gasthof" (in German). HRS - Hotel Reservation Service. Retrieved 17 January 2015.
  509. ^ a b c 明治末年までの創業は 185 社、エリア全企業の 2.6% (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 February 2014. Retrieved 21 November 2013.
  510. ^ "徳光屋本店 | 医療情報" (in Japanese). Link Force CO., LTD. Archived from the original on 3 April 2015. Retrieved 21 November 2013.
  511. ^ "Vom Hammer bis zum Laserschneiden" (in German). Bergischen Landeszeitung (Kölnische Rundschau). 17 November 2009. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
  512. ^ 上杉の御湯 御殿守 百年企業 南陽ブランド推進 (in Japanese). Nan'yō (南陽市). Retrieved 13 February 2015.
  513. ^ "Weingut Dreikönigshof" (in German). traubenmeer Weinhandelsgesellschaft mbH. Retrieved 17 January 2015.
  514. ^ 五色そうめん株式会社森川 (in Japanese). S-ttokoしっとこ (有限会社クリエイティブ・ユニット). Retrieved 17 January 2015.
  515. ^ "Regenfuß Garten- und Landschaftsbau GmbH & Co. KG" (in German). Gabot.de (Dehne Dienstleistungs GmbH). Retrieved 18 January 2015.
  516. ^ "Os segredos da longevidade – Economia – PUBLICO.PT". Público. Retrieved 25 October 2012.
  517. ^ "Okutan – Reviews and Ratings of Restaurants in Kyoto – New York Times Travel". New York Times. Archived from the original on 10 March 2010. Retrieved 28 March 2012.
  518. ^ 資料「鍋 歴史年表」 (in Japanese). Kibun Foods Inc. Archived from the original on 2 December 2013. Retrieved 23 November 2013.
  519. ^ "Schlossbrauerei Maxlrain, Bayern, Germany". Waymarking. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
  520. ^ 麩屋平 会社概要 (in Japanese). ザ・ビジネスモール. Retrieved 12 March 2015.
  521. ^ "Archived copy" 初亀醸造 - 花山 (in Japanese). 株式会社花山 日本の酒ドットコム. Archived from the original on 23 February 2015. Retrieved 14 March 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  522. ^ Angelika Überrück Die christlichen Motive des Blaudrucks
  523. ^ -老舗-を生きる (PDF) (in Japanese). 盛岡商工会議所 (Morioka Chamber of Commerce and Industry). Retrieved 18 January 2015.
  524. ^ "Kopke Port". Vintage Port Shop. Retrieved 26 March 2015.
  525. ^ van Goethem, Maureen (13 January 2010). "Touwfabriek 370 jaar jong" [Rope factory 370 years young]. De Stad Nijkerk (in Dutch). BDU Uitgevers BV. Archived from the original on 6 January 2015. De fabriek is opgericht in 1638 en daarmee de oudste van Europa. (The factory was founded in 1638 and is therefore the oldest in Europe.)
  526. ^ "De Nijkerkse touwslagerij – vanaf 1638" [The Nijkerk rope yard]. mijngelderland.nl (in Dutch).
  527. ^ a b c 創業100年以上の「長寿企業」は熊本県に298社 (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
  528. ^ "Artifiche: Brand: GABA Basel, CH". Artifiche. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
  529. ^ Johnson, Kirk (13 March 1989). "350-Year-Old Farm Survives the Odds". New York Times. Retrieved 28 March 2012.
  530. ^ a b c "7 Companies Older Than America". Inc. 3 July 2012. Retrieved 26 September 2012.
  531. ^ 肥前ケシアド (in Japanese). さがすばんた (株式会社音成印刷). Retrieved 18 January 2015.
  532. ^ Angelika Überrück Die christlichen Motive des Blaudrucks
  533. ^ 田中酒造合資会社 (in Japanese). TOKYO IZEN. Retrieved 19 January 2015.
  534. ^ 創業100年以上の「長寿企業」は大分県内に214社 (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 December 2013. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
  535. ^ "Weingut Bickelmaier" (in German). Weine in Deutschland (malinet Informatik). Archived from the original on 19 January 2015. Retrieved 19 January 2015.
  536. ^ "Romantik Seehotel Sonne" (in German). Swiss Historic Hotels. Retrieved 19 January 2015.
  537. ^ "Weingut Josef Spreitzer" (in German). Hessische Staatskanzlei. Retrieved 19 January 2015.
  538. ^ "voiceMagazine Influencing global debate" (in German). International Cooperative and Mutual Insurance Federation. Archived from the original on January 19, 2015. Retrieved January 19, 2015.
  539. ^ "America's Oldest Family-Run Businesses". everest.edu. 12 August 2009. Archived from the original on 9 June 2010. Retrieved 22 January 2013.
  540. ^ O'Hara, William T. "Family Business – The World's Oldest Family Companies". Family Business. Griequity.com. Retrieved 22 January 2013.
  541. ^ "Cymbal of success". The Cincinnati Post. HighBeam Research. 28 May 2001. Archived from the original on 15 February 2016. Retrieved 22 January 2013.(subscription required)
  542. ^ "Hof Apotheke Rüdel" (in German). Walter-CMP GmbH & Co. KG. Archived from the original on 19 January 2015. Retrieved 19 January 2015.
  543. ^ "Archived copy" 史跡料亭花月から長崎検番へ (in Japanese). 九州行くなら、新幹線。 (JR東海). Archived from the original on 20 January 2015. Retrieved 20 January 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  544. ^ 深川屋 陸奥大豫 (in Japanese). テレビ愛知 (Television Aichi Broadcasting). Retrieved 9 January 2015.
  545. ^ "Weingut Rudi Rüttger (Neuleiningen)" (in German). Wein lokal (Scientec Internet Applications + Media GmbH). Archived from the original on 20 January 2015. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  546. ^ 佐々木印店 (in Japanese). まち日本橋 (Mitsui Fudosan). Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  547. ^ "Rodenberg" (in German). Fair-Hotels (VIVAI Software AG). Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  548. ^ やまがたへの旅 温泉三昧 (in Japanese). やまがた観光情報センター (Yamagata Prefecture). Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  549. ^ 大新旅館 (in Japanese). 銚子市旅館組合. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  550. ^ a b c "5 The top oldest newspapers". Liverpool Echo. 11 July 2011. Archived from the original on 10 June 2014. Retrieved 28 August 2012. – via HighBeam Research (subscription required)
  551. ^ 銘茶の里で知る日本文化の可能性 (in Japanese). SHUN GATE (Toppan Printing Co., Ltd.). Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  552. ^ "Shoutoku - KYOTO FUSHIMI Sake Guide" (in Japanese). Fushimi Sake Brewers Association. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
  553. ^ 大分県の企業平均年齢は34.6歳 (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  554. ^ "Profile of Bodegas Julián Chivite Winery". Cellar Tours (Cellar Tastings SL). Retrieved 21 January 2015.
  555. ^ "Famous sightseeing locations and activity information: Oji Ogiya". LIVE JAPAN (Tokyo Metro, Tokyu Corporation, and Gurunavi, Inc.). Retrieved 15 December 2016.
  556. ^ "WR-Leistungskurse bei Brauerei Bischofshof" (in German). Goethe-Gymnasium Regensburg. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
  557. ^ マルカン 酢店 (in Japanese). いちおし!ひょうご館 (Sun Television). Archived from the original on 21 January 2015. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
  558. ^ "Ökowinzer Trautwein – Wein im Einklang mit der Natur" (in German). Badische Zeitung. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
  559. ^ "Travel: The Great Cafes of Paris". TIME.com. 21 May 1990. Archived from the original on 5 October 2008.
  560. ^ a b Bell, David A. "Culture and Religion." Old Regime France: 1648-1788. Ed. William Doyle. Oxford u.a.: Oxford Univ., 2003. 78-104. Print.
  561. ^ "Website Petit & Fritsen".
  562. ^ "Umwelterklärung 2007 - Europa" (PDF) (in German). European Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 6 December 2014.
  563. ^ "Fachwerk 33 (Bergisch Gladbach)" (in German). StadtGui.de. Retrieved 6 December 2014.
  564. ^ 加賀の井酒造 (in Japanese). 表参道・新潟館. Archived from the original on 17 November 2014. Retrieved 6 December 2014.
  565. ^ "Post Brauerei Weiler" (in German). Mensa Regio. Retrieved 6 December 2014.
  566. ^ (株)湯川酒造店 (in Japanese). 長野県酒類販売株式会社. Retrieved 6 December 2014.
  567. ^ a b c 江戸時代から伝統を継承する老舗 (in Japanese). hitoyasumi.com. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
  568. ^ a b c d 震災・戦争を生き抜いた「老舗企業」、県内に 704 社 (PDF) (in Japanese). Teikoku Databank, Ltd. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
  569. ^ "Jiuzhitang Co., Ltd – Enghunan". Hunan government. Archived from the original on 30 December 2013. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
  570. ^ 松風 京都通百科事典 (in Japanese). 株式会社トリプルワン・ネットワークス (111 Networks Co., Ltd.). Retrieved 17 March 2015.
  571. ^ "Weingut Gotthard Emmerich seit 1651 in Leutesdorf am Rhein" (in German). rheinromantik.de (Deguto Werbeagentur GmbH). Archived from the original on 22 January 2015. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
  572. ^ "Preisgekrönt im Februar 2010" (in German). Bierclub (Probier GmbH). Archived from the original on January 22, 2015. Retrieved January 22, 2015.
  573. ^ Heng, Li (28 February 2003). "Bankruptcy of Wangmazi, End of 352-Year-Old Scissors Maker?". People's Daily. Retrieved 27 July 2015.
  574. ^ "Wangmazi" (in German). VisitBeijing.com. Retrieved 29 December 2013.
  575. ^ "Journal 2004, Ausgabe 3" (PDF) (in German). Elster-Instromet. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 January 2015. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
  576. ^ 松屋常盤:京都のグルメ情報 (in Japanese). DigiStyle Kyoto. Retrieved 7 July 2014.
  577. ^ 老舗物語 小鯛雀鮨 すし萬 (in Japanese). 甘辛のれん会. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
  578. ^ "Brauerei Faust aus Miltenberg punktet mit regionaler Biervielfalt" (in German). Kartoffelsupp (es-Verlag / Schnelldruck & Kopierzentrum). Retrieved 22 January 2015.
  579. ^ a b "Oldest Companies in the United States". How 100-Year-Old Companies Survive (Vicki TenHaken). Retrieved 22 January 2015.
  580. ^ 創業1655年 鳥羽屋の歴史は邦楽器弦の歴史 (in Japanese). 三線の和於屋 名工の秀作小笹 (株式会社ワオネット). Archived from the original on 22 January 2015. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
  581. ^ "Archived copy" 太田商事 愛知千年企業-江戸時代編 (in Japanese). (株)北見式賃金研究所/社会保険労務士法人北見事務所. Archived from the original on 18 February 2016. Retrieved 31 July 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  582. ^ Giuseppe Ciscato I maestri italiani del ferro battuto 2
  583. ^ "七味家本舗 京の老舗 京の読みもの". そうだ 京都、行こう。(Central Japan Railway Company). Retrieved 18 March 2015.
  584. ^ "Au Bijou" (in German). Veloclub Basilisk. Retrieved 23 January 2015.
  585. ^ 織部散馬目透大皿 (in Japanese). 高松園NEWS (高松園製陶所). Retrieved 23 January 2015.
  586. ^ 本通り - 観光スポット (in Japanese). 倉敷観光案内 くらしき観光.com (株式会社 楽). Retrieved 23 January 2015.
  587. ^ "Der Hirschbräu - Privatbrauerei Höss GmbH & Co. KG" (in German). Getränke-Beck GmbH & Co. KG. Retrieved 23 January 2015.
  588. ^ 株式会社 北川本家 (in Japanese). 京都ジョブナビ. Retrieved 23 January 2015.
  589. ^ 開け!運 ごまもなか (in Japanese). Hotel Housen Sawara. Retrieved 7 July 2014.
  590. ^ 植村義次 (in Japanese). Hyakumikai(百味會). Archived from the original on 13 December 2014. Retrieved 7 July 2014.
  591. ^ "Cham Paper Holding AG". Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved 30 March 2015.
  592. ^ "Oldest Gaststaette". Guinness World Records. Retrieved 28 March 2012.
  593. ^ "守随本店 SHUZUI HONTEN" (in Japanese). 日本計量新報社. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
  594. ^ 浅田屋 (in Japanese). 西武・そごうのe.デパート (Sogo & Seibu). Retrieved 24 January 2015.
  595. ^ 浅田屋伊兵衛商店株式会社 (in Japanese). リクナビ (株式会社リクルートキャリア). Retrieved 24 January 2015.
  596. ^ 株式会社はり清 (in Japanese). 京都ジョブナビ. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
  597. ^ 檜書店 (in Japanese). 神田小川町. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
  598. ^ 緊急特集 柔道審判は鍵屋 北京に咲かせる大輪 (in Japanese). スポニチ Sponichi Annex (Sports Nippon). Archived from the original on 28 January 2015. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
  599. ^ がんばる企業 株式会社餅文総本舗 (in Japanese). 名古屋人.com. Retrieved 25 January 2015.
  600. ^ 茶の湯文化を支えてきた350年の鉄器づくり—御釜屋 (in Japanese). nippon.com (Nippon Communications Foundation). Retrieved 25 January 2015.
  601. ^ 神楽坂・相馬屋源四郎商店の原稿用紙特集 (in Japanese). e-hon (TOHAN Corporation). Retrieved 25 January 2015.
  602. ^ 一力斎津知屋提灯店 (in Japanese). かわごえKOEDO Net (ソニック株式会社). Retrieved 25 January 2015.
  603. ^ 倭紙茶舗 江嶋 (in Japanese). 旅うららdot COM (ROOTS Co., Ltd.). Retrieved 25 January 2015.
  604. ^ 江戸を拠点に普及 鍼灸の効能 支える誇り (in Japanese). 京都新聞. Retrieved 25 January 2015.
  605. ^ 合資会社内ケ崎酒造店 (in Japanese). 地酒を親しむ会宮城 (マイティー千葉重). Archived from the original on 24 January 2015. Retrieved 26 January 2015.
  606. ^ "多胡本家酒造場 酒蔵見学ツアー" (in German). 津山市地域雇用創造協議会 (The Tsuyama Regional Job Creation Council). Archived from the original on 28 January 2015. Retrieved 26 January 2015.
  607. ^ 男山株式会社の蔵元・地酒・日本酒情報 (in Japanese). Jizake Kuramotokai (地酒蔵元会). Retrieved 8 July 2014.
  608. ^ "Hotel Rössle". HRS - Hotel Reservation Service. Retrieved 26 January 2015.
  609. ^ "Archived copy" 株式会社うすい百貨店 (in Japanese). 日経就職ナビ (日本経済新聞). Archived from the original on 28 January 2015. Retrieved 26 January 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  610. ^ "one of the oldest inn in Salzburg, where hospitality has been living since 1663". Retrieved 10 August 2021.
  611. ^ "Bärenwirt Website" (in German). Retrieved 10 August 2021.
  612. ^ "Eine gesunde Mischung" (in German). IHK Trier. Retrieved 26 January 2015.
  613. ^ "Privatbrauerei Hofmann GmbH & Co. KG" (in German). Bier-Universum.de. Retrieved 26 January 2015.
  614. ^ 全国畳産業振興会認定 あなたの街の"畳ドクター"店舗リスト-近畿 (in Japanese). 全国畳産業振興会. Retrieved 26 January 2015.
  615. ^ "MIT VIDEO: 350 Jahre Firma Krawany in Mödling" (in German). Stadtgemeinde Mödling online (RiS-Kommunal). Retrieved 27 January 2015.
  616. ^ 鳩居堂 (in Japanese). 東京ソラマチ (Tobu Railway, Tobu Town Solamachi). Retrieved 27 January 2015.
  617. ^ 株式会社マツモト交商への転職・求人情報 (in Japanese). デューダ (株式会社インテリジェンス). Retrieved 27 January 2015.
  618. ^ 森六ホールディングス (in Japanese). 100年経営の会 (日刊工業新聞). Retrieved 27 January 2015.
  619. ^ 富山の薬と歴史を歩んだ飴 『島川あめ店』 (in Japanese). グリーンツーリズムとやま. Archived from the original on 3 April 2015. Retrieved 27 January 2015.
  620. ^ "HANGZHOU ZHANG XIAOQUAN GROUP CO., LTD". 中国进出口商品交易会 (China Import and Export Fair). Archived from the original on 4 April 2015. Retrieved 27 January 2015.
  621. ^ "Hauert: erfolgreich seit 1663" (in German). Coopzeitung. Retrieved 29 March 2015.