Kozhikode district

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Kozhikode or Calicut district, in the central part of the former Malabar district, is a district of Kerala state, on the southwest coast of India. The city of Kozhikode, also known as Calicut, is the district headquarters. The district is 38.25% urbanised.[2]

Kozhikode district

Calicut district
Fishing with cast-net from a boat near Kozhikode Beach.jpg
Mananchira,Calicut.jpg
Ksrtc bus stand calicut.jpg
IIM Kozhikode Aerial View s.jpg
ലോകനാർകാവ് ഭഗവതി ക്ഷേത്രം 02.jpg
View point of Thamarassery Churam.jpg
Kozhikode district
Location in Kerala
Coordinates: 11°15′N 75°46′E / 11.25°N 75.77°E / 11.25; 75.77Coordinates: 11°15′N 75°46′E / 11.25°N 75.77°E / 11.25; 75.77
Country India
StateKerala
HeadquartersKozhikode
Government
 • CollectorSeeram Sambasiva Rao
 • District Panchayat PresidentBabu Parasserry CPI (M)[1]
 • Members of Parliament
Area
 • Total2,344 km2 (905 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total3,086,293
 • Density1,300/km2 (3,400/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialMalayalam, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 codeIN-KL
Vehicle registrationCalicut City-KL11, Vatakara-KL-18, Koyilandy-KL-56, Koduvally-KL-57, Nanmanda-KL-76, Perambra-KL-77
Websitekozhikode.nic.in

Kozhikode district is bordered by the districts of Kannur and Mahé (Puducherry) to the north, Wayanad to the east, and Malappuram to the south. The Arabian Sea lies to the west and Western Ghats stretches towards east. Vavul Mala is the highest peak in the district. It lies between latitudes 11° 08'N and 11° 50'N and longitudes 75° 30'E and 76° 8'E.

The district is divided into four taluks: Kozhikode, Vatakara, Koyilandy and Thamarassery. By the 2011 census there are 12 block panchayats: Balusseri, Chelannur, Koduvally, Kozhikode, Kunnamangalam, Kunnummal, Melady, Panthalayani, Perambra, Thodannur, Thuneri and Vatakara.[3]

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901610,058—    
1911654,846+0.71%
1921678,122+0.35%
1931796,881+1.63%
1941892,078+1.13%
19511,116,391+2.27%
19611,403,413+2.31%
19711,821,734+2.64%
19812,245,265+2.11%
19912,619,941+1.56%
20012,879,131+0.95%
20113,086,293+0.70%
source:[4]
% of Population Sex Ratio Literacy Rate (L.R.) L.R. Males L.R. Females
Hindus 56.2% 1049 94.5 97.3 91.9
Muslims 39.2% 1058 91.6 95.3 88.1
Christians 4.3% 1178 98.2 98.6 97.8
Jains 0.06 1003 97.7 99.3 96.1

(Details for 'Kozhikode Urban' retrieved from Census of India.[5])

According to the 2011 census Kozhikode district has a population of 3,086,293,[6] roughly equal to the nation of Mongolia[7] or the US state of Iowa.[8] This gives it a ranking of 115th in India (out of a total of 640).[6] Among this the population of the Hindus increased to 17,34,958 (males: 8,37,824, females: 8,97,134) from the figure of 16,69,161 in the 2001 census. Muslim population grew rapidly to 12,11,131 (males: 5,64,489: females: 6,46,642) from the 2001 figure of 10,78,759 while the Christian population stood at 1,31,516 (males: 64,367 and females: 67,149). Its population a decade ago was 1,27,468. The district has a population density of 1,318 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,410/sq mi).[6] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 7.31%.[6] Kozhikode has a sex ratio of 1097 females for every 1000 males,[6] and a literacy rate of 95.24%.[6]

The centuries of trade across the Indian Ocean has given Kozhikode a cosmopolitan population.

ReligionEdit

Religion in Kozhikode (2011)[9]

  Hinduism (56.21%)
  Islam (39.24%)
  Christianity (4.26%)
  Other (0.29%)

According to the 2011 census, Hindus constitute the majority of the population, followed by the Muslims and the Christians.In 2001,the proportion was 57.97% Hindus; 37.47% Muslims and 4.43% Christians.[10]

There is a small presence of Jains (601), Sikhs (297) and Buddhists (235).[10]

ClimateEdit

The district has a generally humid climate with a very hot season extending from March to May. The rainy season is during the South West Monsoon, which sets in the first week of June and extends up to September. The North East Monsoon extends from the second half of October through November. The average annual rainfall is 3266 mm. The best weather is found in towards the end of the year, in December and January — the skies are clear, and the air is crisp. The highest temperature recorded was 39.4 °C in March 1975. The lowest was 14 °C recorded on 26 December 1975.

Climate data for Kozhikode
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31.6
(88.9)
32
(90)
32.7
(90.9)
33.1
(91.6)
32.4
(90.3)
29.4
(84.9)
28.4
(83.1)
28.3
(82.9)
29.5
(85.1)
30.6
(87.1)
31.3
(88.3)
31.6
(88.9)
30.9
(87.6)
Average low °C (°F) 22
(72)
23.4
(74.1)
25
(77)
26.1
(79.0)
25.8
(78.4)
24
(75)
23.5
(74.3)
23.5
(74.3)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23.6
(74.5)
22.7
(72.9)
23.8
(74.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 2.7
(0.11)
3.4
(0.13)
21.4
(0.84)
90.2
(3.55)
310.9
(12.24)
818.2
(32.21)
902.5
(35.53)
447.3
(17.61)
233.4
(9.19)
263.5
(10.37)
136.6
(5.38)
35
(1.4)
3,284.6
(129.31)
Source: [11]

Political divisionsEdit

Subdistricts (Taluks)Edit

 
Taluks in Kozhikode
Subdistrict Area
(in km2)
Population
(2011)
Villages
Vatakara 576 687,726 28
Koyilandy 642 645,879 31
Thamarassery 574 401,831 20
Kozhikode 547 1,354,107 39
Sources: 2011 Census of India,[12] Official website of Kozhikode district[13]

Parliament constituenciesEdit

Member of Kerala Legislative assemblyEdit

 
Local authorities in Kozhikode district

There are 13 legislative assembly seats in Kozhikode district.They are :-Balussery, Beypore, Elathur, Koduvally, Koyilandy, Kozhikode North, Kozhikode South, Kunnamangalam, Kuttiyadi, Nadapuram, Perambra, Thiruvambady and Vatakara.

Sl. No Constituency Member Party Alliance
1 Nadapuram E. K. Vijayan CPI   LDF ‹See Tfd›
2 Koyilandy K. Dasan CPI(M)   LDF ‹See Tfd›
3 Perambra T. P. Ramakrishnan CPI(M)   LDF ‹See Tfd›
4 Balussery Purushan Kadalundy CPI(M)   LDF ‹See Tfd›
5 Elathur A. K. Saseendran NCP   LDF ‹See Tfd›
6 Kozhikode North A. Pradeepkumar CPI(M)   LDF ‹See Tfd›
7 Kozhikode South M. K. Muneer IUML   UDF ‹See Tfd›
8 Beypore V. K. C. Mammed Koya CPI(M)   LDF ‹See Tfd›
9 Kunnamangalam P. T. A. Rahim LDF Ind.   LDF ‹See Tfd›
10 Koduvally Karat Razak LDF Ind.   LDF ‹See Tfd›
11 Thiruvambady George M. Thomas CPI(M)   LDF ‹See Tfd›
12 Vatakara C. K. Nanu JD(S)   LDF ‹See Tfd›
13 Kuttiady Parakkal Abdulla IUML   UDF ‹See Tfd›

EconomyEdit

TransportEdit

AirEdit

Kozhikode is served by Calicut International Airport (IATA: CCJ, ICAO: VOCL) located at Karipur, about 28 kilometres (17 miles) from Kozhikode city. The airport started operation in April 1988. It has two terminals, one for domestic flights and second for international flights.[14]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "District Panchayath Kozhikode". kozhikodejillapanchayath.in. Retrieved 15 February 2020.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 11 January 2010. Retrieved 18 November 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "Reports of National Panchayat Directory: Block Panchayats of Kozhikode, Kerala". Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Government of India. Archived from the original on 13 November 2011. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
  4. ^ "Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901". Retrieved 15 February 2020.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 January 2009. Retrieved 23 May 2006.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  7. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Mongolia 3,133,318 July 2011 est.
  8. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Iowa 3,046,355
  9. ^ "Religion – Kerala, Districts and Sub-districts". Census of India 2011. Office of the Registrar General.
  10. ^ a b "Hindu population 56.21% in Kozhikode". The Hindu. 28 August 2015. Retrieved 15 February 2020 – via www.thehindu.com.
  11. ^ "Kozhikode weather". India Meteorological Department. Archived from the original on 5 May 2010. Retrieved 14 November 2010.
  12. ^ "Taluk-wise demography of Kozhikode" (PDF). censusindia.gov.in. Directorate of Census Operations, Kerala. pp. 161–193. Retrieved 19 April 2020.
  13. ^ "Villages in Kozhikode". kozhikode.nic.in. Retrieved 17 August 2020.
  14. ^ "Silver jubilee does not bring cheer to Karipur airport users | Kozhikode News - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 15 February 2020.

External linksEdit