Kerala State Road Transport Corporation
The Kerala State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) is the state-run bus company in Kerala, India. It is one of the oldest state run public bus transport services in India and is headquartered in Thiruvananthapuram.
|Public Sector Corporation under the Ministry of Transport, Government of Kerala|
|Founded||20 February 1938,1965|
|Headquarters||Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India|
|Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Mahe|
|Products||Bus transport, Cargo Transport, Transit Services|
|Subsidiaries||Kerala Urban Road Transport Corporation (KURTC)|
The earliest of the Kerala State Road Transport Corporation was the Travancore State Transport Department, constituted by the King Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma, with the intent of reorganizing the transportation services of the former state. E.G. Salter, Assistant Operating Superintendent of London Passenger Transport Board, was appointed as Superintendent of the Transport Department on 20 September 1937. The Transport Department grew with nationalisation of key interstate routes such as Thiruvananthapuram–Kanyakumari route and the Palakkad–Coimbatore route.
The first fleet consisted of 60 Comet chassis fitted with Perkins diesel engines, imported from England. The bodies of the buses were built by the staff of the Travancore State Transport Department under the supervision of the Superintendent. The model for the selection of operating staff continues to be followed by the current operating staff. The Transport Department gave preference in recruitment for those who were likely to lose their private transport company jobs resulting from the nationalization of Thiruvananthapuram–Kanyakumari route. Thus the Transport Department began with a staff of about a hundred graduates appointed as Inspectors and Conductors.
The State Motor Service was inaugurated by The King Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma on 20 February 1938. He and his kin were the first passengers of the system on the inaugural trip; Superintendent Salter was the driver of the bus. This bus, along with the thirty-three other buses brought on road driving through the Kowdiar Square was an attraction at that time.
Following the enactment of the Road Transport Corporation Act in 1950, the Government of Kerala formulated KSRTC rules in 1965 by Section 44. The Transport Department was converted into an autonomous corporation on 1 April 1965 and the Keralacation dated 15 March 1965. KSRTC buses are the registered under a dedicated RTO at Thiruvananthapuram with the registration series KL-15.
The State government had issued a notification in 2012 suspending the issuance of new permits to inter-district buses while exempting the Kerala State Transport Corporation (KSRTC). The presumption then was that State-run services would step in and operate on these routes. However, it had led to a shortage of services from Kochi to several northern districts, Madhu Sivaraman, CPPR Director (research and projects) said, who conducted a study regarding choice between KSRTC and private buses.
Kerala Urban Road Transport CorporationEdit
In November 2014, Kerala Urban Road Transport Corporation (KURTC), with headquarters in Kochi, was formed to operate low-floor buses which are procured with the financial assistance from the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM).
The 314 low-floor buses already procured are to be brought under this newly formed subsidiary (KURTC). With 400 low-floor buses to be procured for extending services to 12 more districts in the State under JNNURM scheme 2013-14, the number of these sleek modern buses is to go up to 767.
[[File:Kollam KSRTC Bus Station.jpg|right|thumb|Kollam KSRTC Bus Terminal near Cutchery in Kollam city]] Kerala State Road Transport Corporation have a total of 5 zones in the state, each zone is managed by a zonal officer.
|1||Thiruvananthapuram||Vikas Bhavan Depot.|
|2||Kollam||Kollam KSRTC Bus Station|
|3||Ernakulam||Ernakulam KSRTC Bus Station|
|4||Thrissur||Thrissur KSRTC Bus Station|
|5||Kozhikode||Kozhikode KSRTC Bus Station|
Depots and workshopsEdit
KSRTC has 28 depots, 45 sub depots, 19 operating centres, 28 station master offices, 5 workshops and 3 staff training colleges spread throughout the Kerala. In 1995 Kerala State Road Transport Corporation ventured into the technical education field by establishing an engineering college named Sree Chitra Thirunal College of Engineering at Pappanamcode on its Central Workshop premises.
KSRTC is also having 28 Station Master (SM) Offices at Ambalapuzha, Ayoor, Eenchakkal, Ernakulam Jetty, Ettumanoor, Iritty, Kadakkal, Kaliyakkavila, Kuthiyathode, Malayilkeezh, Manjery, Mundakkayam, Nagarcoil, Ochira, Pattambi, Pothencode, Puthenkurishu, Tirur, Valanchery, Varkala, Vytila Hub and also have 3 staff training colleges in Trivandrum, Ernakulam and Edappal . 
"Half a Chakram was the minimum fare in 1938. The first class tickets had cost 50% more than the coordinating rate. During that period free travel was allowed for children up to 3 years and only half the fare was charged for children until age 14. There were no luggage tickets, but when the luggage weighed more than 28 pounds up to 56 pounds, a fee was assessed for 4 chakras. Passengers with luggage that weighed more than 56 pounds were assessed a fee of 6 chakras up to 112 pounds and above. As the Chakram had triple the value of a 100 rupee currency note today, the cost of travelling was comparatively higher during those days".
- "All JNNURM buses to be brought under KURTC". The Hindu. 26 October 2014. Retrieved 20 Jan 2015.
- http://www.natgeotraveller.in/web-exclusive/web-exclusive-month/kerala-bus-journey/ Archive
- http://archive.commercialmotor.com/article/27th-august-1937/52/briton-to-co-ordinate-indian-transport-a-british-t Archive
- Paul, John L. (2016-12-09). "Concern over decline in number of inter-district buses". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2017-10-02.
- KSRTC Directory
- "Thiruvananthapuram: KSRTC executive directors in-charge of zones". Times of India. 8 January 2017. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
- All about KSRTC
- At present the corporation has 5373 buses running on 4795 schedules. http://www.keralartc.com/html/aboutus.html