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Palakkad,(Malayalam: [pɐːlɐkːɐːɖɨ̆] (listen)), also known as Palghat, is a city and municipality in the state of Kerala in India. It is spread over an area of 26.60 square kilometres (10.27 sq mi). It is the administrative headquarters of the Palakkad District. The city is situated about 350 kilometres (220 mi) north of state capital Thiruvananthapuram, 50 kilometres (31 mi) southwest of Coimbatore in Tamil Nadu, 66 kilometres (41 mi) northeast of Thrissur, and 127 kilometres (79 mi) southest of Kozhikode, on the meeting point of two National Highways namely, Salem-Kochi National Highway NH 544, and Kozhikode-Malappuram-Palakkad National Highway NH 966. Palakkad is also known as the rice bowl of Kerala. The 18th-century Palakkad Fort has sturdy battlements, a moat, and a Hanuman temple on its grounds. North on the Kalpathy River, the 15th-century Viswanatha Swamy Temple is the main venue of the Ratholsavam chariot festival. Northeast, near Malampuzha Dam, the town of Malampuzha has a rock garden created from recycled materials. The river Bharathappuzha (River Ponnani) flows through Palakkad city. Palakkad is located on the northern bank of Bharathappuzha River.
From top clockwise: IMA Junction,Near KSRTC Bus Stand,Chandranagar roundabout, Aerial view from Olavakode, Palakkad City Night View
|• Body||Palakkad Municipality|
|• Chairperson||K.Priya Ajayan (BJP)|
|• Deputy Chairman||E. Krishnadas (BJP)|
|• Member of Parliament||V. K. Sreekandan (INC)|
|• Member of Legislative Assembly||Shafi Parambil (INC)|
|• City||26.60 km2 (10.27 sq mi)|
|• Metro||1,363 km2 (526 sq mi)|
|Elevation||84 m (276 ft)|
|• Density||4,900/km2 (13,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Postal Index Number|
Palakkad municipality was formed on 1 November 1866 according to the Madras Act 10 of 1865 (Amendment of the Improvements in Towns act 1850) of the British Indian Empire, making it the second oldest municipality in the state.
The region around Coimbatore was ruled by the Cheras during Sangam period between c. 1st and the 4th centuries CE and it served as the eastern entrance to the Palakkad Gap, the principal trade route between the Malabar Coast and Tamil Nadu. Palakkad city was ruled by the Palakkad Rajas (Tarur Swaroopam). Palakkad Raja had the right over the Taluks of Palakkad, Alathur, and Chittur. The original headquarters of Palakkad Rajas were at Athavanad, Tirur Taluk, in present-day Malappuram district. It is said that their lands at Athavanad area were given to the Azhvanchery Thamprakkal and the Palakkad-Chittur areas were bought from them instead. The territory of Palakkad Rajas had been under the Zamorin of Calicut for a long time.
In 1757, to resist the invasion of the Zamorin of Kozhikode, the Palakkad Raja sought the help of the Hyder Ali of Mysore. In 1766, Hyder Ali defeated the Zamorin of Kozhikode – an East India Company ally at the time – and absorbed Kozhikode into his state. The Hyder Ali rebuilt Palakkad Fort in 1766. The smaller princely states in northern and north-central parts of Kerala (Malabar region) including Kolathunadu, Kottayam, Kadathanadu, Kozhikode, Tanur, Valluvanad, and Palakkad were unified under the rulers of Mysore and were made a part of the larger Kingdom of Mysore. His son and successor, Tipu Sultan, launched campaigns against the expanding British East India Company, resulting in two of the four Anglo-Mysore Wars.
Tipu ultimately ceded the Malabar District and South Kanara to the company in the 1790s as a result of the Third Anglo-Mysore War and the subsequent Treaty of Seringapatam; both were annexed to the Bombay Presidency (which had also included other regions in the western coast of India) of British India in the years 1792 and 1799 respectively. Later in 1800, both of the Malabar District and South Canara were separated from Bombay presidency to merge them with the neighbouring Madras Presidency. Palakkad was under British Raj until 1947.
At the time of 1951 Census of India, Palakkad was the second-largest city in the erstwhile Malabar District after Kozhikode. At that time only two towns in Malabar was treated as cities: Kozhikode and Palakkad. Following the formation of the state of Kerala in 1956, the erstwhile Taluk of Palakkad in Malabar District was divided into three: Palakkad, Alathur, and Chittur, and Palakkad district was formed by taking parts of erstwhile Malabar District.
Palakkad is the gateway to Kerala due to the presence of the Palakkad Gap in the Western Ghats. Malayalam is the official language in Palakkad. The district has many small and medium rivers, which are tributaries of the Bharathapuzha River. Of the numerous dams in Palakkad district, the largest Malampuzha dam is 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) from Palakkad city.
Palakkad has a tropical wet and dry climate. Temperatures remain moderate throughout the year, with the exception being March and April, the hottest months. A very high amount of precipitation is received in Palakkad, mainly due to the South-West monsoon. July is the wettest month, and the total annual rainfall is around 83 inches (210 cm).
|Climate data for Palakkad (1981–2010, extremes 1943–2005)|
|Record high °C (°F)||37.6
|Average high °C (°F)||32.7
|Average low °C (°F)||22.0
|Record low °C (°F)||15.6
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||3.6
|Average rainy days||0.3||0.3||0.9||3.3||5.9||18.7||20.0||15.8||9.2||10.1||4.7||0.9||90.1|
|Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST)||46||39||38||52||60||79||82||81||75||73||65||56||61|
|Source: India Meteorological Department|
The nearest international airport is Coimbatore International Airport, which is about 62 kilometres (39 mi) from Palakkad. However, Cochin International Airport and Calicut International Airport serve the city as well.
There has been a proposal for a mini domestic airport at East Yakkara with respect to setting up domestic airports for enhanced air connectivity by the civil aviation ministry of India. 60 acres has been identified for the project at East Yakkara Palakkad.
Palakkad is the HQ of the Palakkad Railway Division of Southern Railway Zone. The city is served by two railway stations – Palakkad Junction is a broad gauge railway junction (located at Olavakkode, about 4 km from Municipal bus stand) and Palakkad Town railway station located in the heart of the Palakkad city. The cities of Coimbatore, Tiruchirappalli, Erode, Salem, Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam, Mangalore, Kozhikode and Ernakulam are connected by the broad gauge line. Train services to Pollachi, Dindigul and Madurai are through the broad gauge line through Palakkad Town station.
As per Census 2011, population of Palakkad in 2011 is 130,955; of which male and female are 63,833 and 67,122 respectively.
Total literates in Palakkad city are 112,479, of which 56,065 are males while 56,414 are females. The average literacy rate of Palakkad city is 94.20 percent of which male and female literacy was 96.83 and 91.73 percent.The literacy rate of the Palakkad Metropolitan Area is 92.14%, much higher than the national average of 59.5%.
On 3 July 1866, the Governor of Madras declared Palakkad as a city. On 11 September 1912, the system of electing the city father by the councillors began. City Council expanded to 28 wards in 1938, 32 wards in 1973 and 36 wards in 1978.
Proposed Palakkad Municipal CorporationEdit
The metropolitan area of Palakkad includes Hemambikanagar, Marutharode, Palakkad municipality, Pirayiri, Pudussery Central, Pudussery West, and Puthuppariyaram. Its urban / metropolitan population is 293,566 of which 143,650 are males and 149,916 are females. There is demand to upgrade Palakkad Municipality into a Municipal Corporation by adding the Outgrowth areas and nearby Urban Local bodies to the Palakkad Corporation.
- Palakkad Municipality
- Piriyari Grama Panchayath
- Marutharoad Panchayth
- Puduppariyaram Panchayath
- Pudussery Central
- Pudussery West
- Mathur Panchayath
- Kodumba Panchayath
- Kannadi (Urban areas only)
- Akathethara (Urban areas only)
- Malampuzha (excluding rural and forest areas)
Education in PalakkadEdit
Palakkad City has number of Prominent Educational Institutions which provide a great platform for higher education., IIT Palakkad]s a public autonomous engineering and research institute located in Palakkad, Kerala. It is one of the five new IITs proposed in the 2014 Union budget of India. Victoria College in Palakkad is the oldest institution of higher learning in the Malabar region of Kerala. Government Medical College, Palakkad is started in 2014 is the first Government medical college in the district.NSS College of Engineering at Akathethara, is the Fourth Engineering Institution established in Kerala, India.Chembai Memorial Government Music College is one of the main centres of excellence in teaching carnatic music in the state. Mercy College, Palakkad a women's college established in 1964 is one of the familiar institution in city.
Prominent People from PalakkadEdit
- Kocheril R. Narayanan (former president of india)
- E Sreedharan
- P. R. Pisharoty (Kollengode, Father of remote sensing in India)
- Vidya Balan
- K P Kesava Menon
- V P Menon
- Kunjan Nambiar
- M T Vasudevan Nair
- O V Vijayan
- Akkitham Achuthan Namboothiri
- Malayattoor Ramakrishnan
- Shashi Tharoor
- O M C Narayanan Nambudiripad
- Anita Nair
- K. S. Sethumadhavan
- Shankar Mahadevan (Playback Singer and Composer)
- M. G. Ramachandran
- P. Unnikrishnan
Sports in PalakkadEdit
Palakkad has a very rich history of producing some world class athletes in the state, Palakkad, Indira Gandhi Municipal Stadium in the center of city was once used for Major sports meets and football matches in state, now the stadium is not in condition for conducting games due to the lack of maintenance, There is a proposal for the renovation of the stadium with international facilities by the Municipality , The city has Fort Maidan also known as Kota Maidanam, is a multi-use stadium in the center of the Palakkad, India. It is currently used mostly for cricket matches. Fort Maidan holds a maximum capacity of 10,000 people at a time. Up till 2002 the ground was considered for local cricket only. In 2003, Ranji Trophy was introduced in Fort Maidan.
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