Kāpi is a popular rāga in Carnatic music, the classical music of South India.[1] Kāpi is a janya rāgam of Kharaharapriya with a meandering vakra scale. Typically performed at slow and medium speeds, it is capable of inducing moods of devotion, pathos and sadness in the listeners. Kāpi is different from the Hindustani raag and thaat Kafi. The equivalent raag in Hindustani is Pilu.

Kapi
ArohanamS R₂ M₁ P N₃ 
Avarohanam N₂ D₂ N₂ P M₁ G₂ R₂ S

Structure and LakshanaEdit

Kāpi is an audava-vakra sampoorna rāgam with an ascending pentatonic scale and a descending scale with seven notes, but not in a descending order. Use of Kakali Nishadam and Anthara Gandharam make it a Bhashanga Raagam.

The presence of different nishāda swarās (N2 and N3) lends a distinctive quality to Kāpi, along with the fact that it uses a set of vakra swarās (N2 D2 N2).

There is also a mild presence of shuddha daivatham (D1) that renders an invaluable feeling of devotion to the raagam. This, and the presence of Anthara Gandharam (G3) makes it difficult to pinpoint the exact nature of the avarohana of the raagam.

In the song Jagadhodharana composed by Sangeeta Pitamaha Sri Purandara Dasa, the note Suddha Dhaivatham (Dha1) also occurs as a foreign note(anya swara)

Kapi ragam gives the feeling Devotion, Sentiment and happiness

CompositionsEdit

Some of the popular compositions in Kāpi are:

** Kāpi of Muthuswami Dikshitar is quite different from the traditional Kāpi and often cited as karNATaka Kāpi

The Moorchana of Kāpi as per Venkatamakhin is S R2 G2 M1 P D2 N2 S/ N2 D2 P M1 G2 G2 R2 S

Film SongsEdit

Language:TamilEdit

Song Movie Composer Singer
Dhianame Nee Ashok Kumar Alathur V. Subramanyam M. K. Thyagaraja Bhagavathar
Chinnanciru kiliye Kannammaa

(Ragamalika:Kapi,Maand,Vasantha)

Manamagal C. R. Subburaman M. L. Vasanthakumari,V. N. Sundharam
Neela Vanna Kannaa Vaadaa

(Ragamalika:Kapi,Yamunakalyani)

Mangaiyar Thilakam Susarla Dakshinamurthi R. Balasaraswathi Devi
Poovagi Kayagi Annai R. Sudarsanam P. Bhanumathi
Sentamizh Thenmozhiyaal Maalaiyitta Mangai Viswanathan–Ramamoorthy T. R. Mahalingam
Paatondru Pasamalar Jamuna Rani
Madhura Nagaril Paar Magaley Paar P. B. Sreenivas, P. Susheela
Senthur Murugan(Raga Pilu) Santhi
Kadhal Siragai Palum Pazhamum P. Susheela
Kaalamithu Kaalamithu Chitthi M. S. Viswanathan
Thamizhil Athuoru Sange Muzhangu T. M. Soundararajan, P. Susheela
Nilavu Vandhu Vaanathaiye Thirudi S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, P. Susheela
Poomazhai Thoovi Ninaithadhai Mudippavan T. M. Soundararajan
Naan Paadidum Kavithaiyin Samayalkaaran
Un Kannil Near Vietnam Veedu K. V. Mahadevan
Malargaliley Pala Thirumal Perumai
Hari Hari Gokula T. M. Soundararajan, Master Maharajan, P. Susheela
Antha Sivagami Pattanathil Bhootham R. Govardhanam T. M. Soundararajan, P. Susheela
Madhurai Arasaalum Thirumalai Thenkumari Kunnakudi Vaidyanathan Sirkazhi Govindarajan, L. R. Eswari,M. R. Vijaya
Ye Paadal Ondru Priya Ilaiyaraaja K. J. Yesudas, S. Janaki
Sangathil Padatha Auto Raja Ilaiyaraaja, S. Janaki
Kanne Kalaimaane Moondram Pirai K. J. Yesudas
Thanni Thotti Sindhu Bhairavi
Chinna Chinna Roja Poove Poovizhi Vasalile
Chinna Chinna Vanna Kuyil Mouna Ragam S. Janaki
Thenthoongum Poove Kodai Mazhai
Chinna Thayaval(Charukesi traces too) Thalapathi
Saami Kitta Solli Aavarampoo S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, S. Janaki
Maalai Soodum Vaelai Naan Mahaan Alla
Neethana Neethana Thalattu Padava Arunmozhi, S. Janaki
Goondru Gongura Chinnavar Mano, K.S. Chitra
Sembaruthi Poovu Chembaruthi Mano, K.S. Chitra, Bhanumathi
Alaiodu Alaiyaga Maranthen Mannithen Bhavatharini
Unna Nenachu Psycho Sid Sriram
Muthu Muthu Therottam(Raga Pilu) Aani Ver Shankar–Ganesh Vani Jairam
Ammamma Saranam Sattam Gangai Amaran S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, Vani Jairam
Kaadhal Rojave (Humming in Desh ragam) Roja A. R. Rahman S.P. Balasubrahmanyam, Sujatha Mohan(Humming only)
En Mel Vizhunda May Maadham P. Jayachandran, K.S. Chitra
Erani Kuradhani Kadhalan S.P. Balasubrahmanyam, S. Janaki
July Matham Pudhiya Mugam S.P. Balasubrahmanyam, Annupamaa
Anbae Idhu Rhythm Sadhana Sargam
Kuchi Kuchi Bombay Hariharan, Swarnalatha, G. V. Prakash Kumar
Pachai Kiligal Indian K. J. Yesudas, Nirmala Seshadri
Velli Malarae Jodi S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, Mahalakshmi Iyer
Naalai Ulagam Love Birds P. Unnikrishnan, Sujatha Mohan
Kadhali Nee Enna Seivai Rangeela P. Unnikrishnan, Kavita Krishnamurthy
Oru Poiyavadhu Jodi Hariharan(ver 1), Srinivas, Sujatha Mohan(ver 2)
Vaaji Vaaji Sivaji: The Boss Hariharan, Madhushree
Aalanguyil Koovum Rayyil Parthiban Kanavu Vidyasagar Harini
Vizhiyum Vizhiyum Sadhurangam Madhu Balakrishnan, Harini
Aasai Aasai(Pallavi and anupallavi only) Dhool Shankar Mahadevan, Sujatha Mohan
Kaadhal Vandhadhum Poovellam Un Vasam K. J. Yesudas, Sadhana Sargam
Desing Raja Thaan Thavasi S.P. Balasubrahmanyam, Sujatha Mohan
Boomiyea Boomiyea Sengottai S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, S. Janaki
Thai Masi Vasanthakala Paravai Deva
Angam Unathu Angam Pudhu Manithan S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, K. S. Chithra
Chinna Ponnuthaan Vaigasi Poranthachu Mano, K. S. Chithra
Karuppu Nila En Aasai Machan K. S. Chithra
Karupputhan Enakku Vetri Kodi Kattu Anuradha Sriram
Chinna Roja Oruvan Hariharan
Ravivarman(Charanam only) Vasanthi Chandrabose K.J. Yesudas, K. S. Chithra(humming only)
Andhinera Thendral Kaatru Inaindha Kaigal Gyan Varma S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, P. Jayachandran
Minnal Oru Kodi V. I. P. Ranjit Barot Hariharan, K.S. Chitra
En Kannadi Thoppukkulle Malabar Police S. A. Rajkumar
Pallangkuzhiyin Aanandham P. Unnikrishnan, Harini
Karisai Kaattu Pennae Raja K. S. Chitra, Manikka Vinayagam
Idhu Nee Irukkum Nenjamadi Krishna Mano
Ithu Kuzhanthai Oru Thalai Ragam T. Rajendar S. P. Balasubrahmanyam
Vannam Konda(Ragam Pilu) Sigaram S. P. Balasubrahmanyam
Enna Azhagu Love Today Shiva
Nee Malaraa Malaraa Arputham P. Unnikrishnan, K.S. Chitra
Sollathan Ninaikiren Kadhal Sugamanathu K.S. Chitra, S. P. Balasubrahmanyam(Pathos)
Poonkuruvi Paadadi Sundara Kandam Deepak S. Janaki, Mano
Mukundha Mukundha Dasavathaaram Himesh Reshammiya Sadhana Sargam
Kannukkulle kadhala Thamizh Bharadwaj P. Unnikrishnan, Swarnalatha
Thozha Thozha Kanavu Thozha Pandavar Bhoomi Chitra Sivaraman, Yugendran
Nachendru Inchondru Attahasam Srinivas, Ujaini
Thuli Thuliyaai Kottum Mazhai Paarvai Ondre Podhume Bharani Hariharan, Swarnalatha
Urugudhe Maragudhe Veyil G. V. Prakash Kumar Shankar Mahadevan, Shreya Ghoshal
Unn Perai Sollum Angadi Theru Naresh Iyer, Shreya Ghoshal, Haricharan
Ragasiya Kanavugal Bheemaa Harris Jayaraj Hariharan, Madhushree
Ivan Yaaro Minnale P. Unni Krishnan, Harini
Asku Laska Nanban Vijay Prakash, Chinmayi, SuVi
Mazhaye Mazhaye June R Sharreth Hariharan, Sujatha
Konjum Manjal Ullaasam Karthik Raja Hariharan, Harini
Chellame Chellam Album Hariharan, Shreya Ghoshal
Jalsa Panungada Chennai 600028 Yuvan Shankar Raja Ranjith, Tippu, Premji Amaran, Haricharan, Karthik
Vennmegam Pennaga Yaaradi Nee Mohini Hariharan
Ore Oru Kanpaarvai Nedunalvaadai Jose Franklin Yazin Nizar,Purnima Krishnan
Onnavitta Yaarum Yenakilla Seemaraja D. Imman Sean Roldan, Shreya Ghoshal
Paakaathey Paakaathey Varuthapadatha Valibar Sangam Vijay Yesudas, Pooja Vaidyanath
Kodi Aruvi Mehandi Circus Sean Roldan Pradeep Kumar,Nithyashree

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Alternate notations:
    • Hindustani: S R M P N 
    • Western: C D F G B C
  2. ^ Alternate notations:
    • Hindustani:   D  P M  R S
    • Western: C B A B G F E D C

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Viswanathan, T.; Matthew Harp Allen (2004). Music in South India. Oxford University Press US. pp. 44–51. ISBN 978-0-19-514591-5.
  2. ^ ""Jagadodharana"".