Papanasam Ramayya Sivan (26 September 1890 – 1 October 1973) was a composer of Carnatic music and a singer. He was awarded the Madras Music Academy's Sangeetha Kalanidhi in 1970. He was also a film score composer in Kannada cinema as well as Tamil cinema in the 1930s and 1940s.
Papanasam Ramayya Sivan
September 26, 1890
Polagam, Thanjavur district, Tamil Nadu
|Died||October 1, 1973(aged 83)|
Papanasam Sivan's early years were spent in the Travancore area of Kerala where the kings patronised fine arts. He was born at Polagam village in the district of Thanjavur, which was home to the musical trinity of Carnatic music. His given name was Ramaiya. In 1897, when Ramaiya was just 7, his father died. His mother Yogambal, along with her sons, left Thanjavur and were forced to move to Trivandram (now Thiruvananthapuram) in 1899 to seek the aid of his uncle. At Thiruvananthapuram, Ramaiya learned Malayalam and later he joined the Maharaja Sanskrit college and obtained a degree in grammar.
Ramaiya was very religious, and with the death of his mother Yogambal in 1910, when he was 20, became even more so. He wandered from place to place visiting temples and singing devotional songs. Ramaiya used to be an active participant in the devotional music sessions at the home of Neelakandasivan in Thiruvananthapuram. Thus he learned many of the musical compositions of Neelakandasivan. In this period, his wanderings would take him regularly to the temple at Papanasam, where he would smear bhasma all over his body. Hence people began to refer him as Papanasam Sivan, the name by which he was to become known later.
He picked up his first music lessons from Noorani Mahadeva Bhagavatar, son of Parameswara Bhagavatar. Later, he became the disciple of Konerirajapuram Vaidyanath Iyer, a well-known musician.
Papanasam Sivan was most interested in the devotional aspect of music. He preferred to sing devotional songs and encouraged other singers take part in sessions of devotional music with him. Papanasam Sivan was a regular performer in the main temple festivals in South India with his devotional songs.
Later in 1962, Papanasam Sivan received the President Award, and in 1969 he received the Sangeetha Kalasikhamani Award bestowed on him by "The Indian Fine Arts Society, Chennai". He was conferred the Sangita Kalanidhi in 1971.
Sivan was married to Lakshmi Ammal and they had three daughters, the youngest of them being Dr. Rugmini Ramani, who is also a composer, and two sons. Ashok Ramani who is his grandson is also a Carnatic musician. Another daughter by the name of Nila Ramamurthy also used to compose Carnatic music. He had two sons named Ramadoss and P.S.Krithivasan, and is survived by children named K.Ganapathy and K. Balathiripura Sundari. K.Ganapathy is a mechanical engineer by full-time profession and is also a part-time light music- performer for various orchestras in and around Chennai. K.Balathiripura Sundari has learnt carnatic music and currently teaches music to students in Mumbai. Many of Sri Papanasam Sivan's kritis have the mudhirai ' ramadasa' in tribute to his son. Sri Papanasam Sivan had an elder brother Rajagopal Iyer whose daughter, V. N. Janaki, was an actress and wife of a former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu. Rajagopal Iyer also had a son P. Narayanan who was an educator in Chennai.
|amba Nee irangayenil||Atana||'adi'|
|Chittham Iranga||shahana||'Misra Chapu'|
|Devi paadam paninden||Hanumatodi|
|Devi Neeye Thunai||Keeravani|
|Dharma samvarttani taaye||naatta|
|Durgaalakshmi saraswati||aarab, yamunaa kalyaani|
|Ennatavam seydane yesodaa||kaapi||Adi||Tamil|
|Gajavadana karunaa||shree ranjani||'adi'|
|Gowri Manohara Kripakara||gowrimanohari|
|Kaana kan kodi||kambhoji|
|Kaa vaa vaa||Varaali||'adi'|
|Kannan madhura idhazhai||bhimpalaas||'Tamil'|
|Karpagaambikai Nee Allavo||Behaag|
|Karunai Varumo Enrenginen||Charukesi||'Adi'||'Carnatic'||'Tamil'|
|Ksheera Saagara Sayee||Purvi Kalyani|
|Kumaran taal||yadukula kaambhoji|
|Malarinai tunaiye||reeti gowla||'Tamil'|
|Mayil vAhanA –||mohanam||Tamil|
|Naan oru vilayaattu bommaiyaa||navarasa kannada|
|Naaraayana divya naamam||mohanam|
|Nee arul puriya vendum||keeravani|
|Paamalai inai undo||harikambhoji|
|Parpala porpani (kanni)||kamaas|
|Patita paavana raama||hanumatodi|
|Raadhaa mukhakamala||hindustaani kaapi|
|Raagagopaala devaadi devane||hanumatodi|
|Saamaja vara gamana||madhyamavati|
|Saa sapaa nabonipaa||hamsadhvani|
|Sada siva kumara||sudhasaveri|
|Sharavana bhava guhane||madhyamavati|
|Sharavana Bhava Enum||Shanmugapriya|
|Sivakaama sundaree jagadamba||mukhaari|
|Sivakaama sundaree jagadamba||surutti|
|Shree ganapatiye||deva manohari|
|Shree shrI vallI dEva sEnApatE||natta bhairavi|
|Shreeraaman ravikulasoman||naaraayana gowla|
|Shree vaataapi ganapatiye||sahana|
|Sollu paapaa (paapaa kanni)||mukhaari|
|Sopana Vazhvil Sivakavi||mukhaari|
|Sree valli deva sena pathe||Natabhairavi|
|Swami Nan Undran||Natakurinji||'Adi'|
|Swaami unran caranam||bilahari|
|, Swamikku Sari Evare||Kedaragaula|
|Taamasam en swaamy||hanumatodi|
|Tattvamariya taramaa||reeti gowla|
|Tiruvalar mayilaiyun (kanni)||kamaas|
|Tunai purindarul||shuddha hindolam|
|Unadu dayai enai||kamavardani|
|Unnaiyalla vere gatiyillai||Kalyani||'Adi'|
|Swami Nan Undan Adimai||Naattakurinji|
- Tamizh Thyagayyar – The life and Music of Papanasam Sivan : Lec-Dem by Dr.Rukmini Ramani
- Mark Slobin (29 September 2008). Global Soundtracks: Worlds of Film Music. Wesleyan University Press. pp. 122–. ISBN 978-0-8195-6882-3. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
- "SNA: List of Sangeet Natak Akademi Ratna Puraskar winners (Akademi Fellows)". Official website.