Sangeet Natak Akademi
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|Formation||May 31, 1952|
|Headquarters||Rabindra Bhawan, Ferozeshah Road, New Delhi, India|
|Ministry of Culture, Government of India|
Sangeet Natak Akademi (Devanāgarī: संगीत नाटक अकादेमी or The National Academy for Music, Dance and Drama in English) is the national level academy for performing arts set up by the Government of India.
It was set up by the Indian education ministry on 31 May 1952 and became functional the following year, with the appointment of its first chairman, Dr. P. V. Rajamannar. Dr Rajendra Prasad, the first President of India, inaugurated it on 28 January 1953 in a special function held in the Parliament House. The academy's Fellowship and Award are considered very prestigious.
The academy functions as the apex body of the performing arts in the country to preserve and promote the vast cultural heritage of India expressed in music, dance and drama. It also works with governments and art academies in states and territories of the country.
SNA established several institutions over the years:
- Manipur Dance Academy, Imphal
- Sattriya Centre
- Kathak Kendra (National Institute of Kathak Dance), New Delhi in 1964
- Ravindra Rangshala
- Centre for Kutiyattam, Thiruvananthapuram, a national projects in the support of Kuttiyattam (the age-old Sanskrit theatre of Kerala)
- Chhau Centre, Baripada/ Jamshedpur
- Northeast Centre
In addition, the Akademi
- Subsidizes the work of institutions engaged in teaching, performing or promoting music, dance, or theatre
- Gives grants to aid research, documentation and publishing in the performing arts
- Organises and subsidises seminars and conferences of subject specialists
- Documents and records the performing arts for its audio-visual archive
- Renders advice and assistance to the government of India in the task of formulating and implementing policies and programmes in the field
- Carries a part of the responsibilities of the state for fostering cultural contacts between regions in the country, as well as between India and the world
- Organises its annual festival of music, dance and theatre in NCT Delhi.
The academy is an important source of information and offers the following facilities.
The audio-visual archiveEdit
The academy's audio-visual archive has several audio/video tapes, photographs and films. It is the largest archive of its kind in the country and is extensively drawn upon for research on the performing arts of India.
The academy maintains a reference library consisting of about 22,000 books.
Books on several subjects including Dance, Drama, Music, Theatre, Sociology, Folklore, Tribal Studies, Indian History and Culture, Indian Art, Religion and Epics, Mythology, Anthropology and Reference works such as Encyclopedias, Dictionaries, Yearbooks, Bibliographies, Indexes and Newspaper clippings about Academy Awards and eminent artistes in the field of performing arts, can be found here.
The library maintains data files on awardees and fellows of the academy since its inception (1953) and along with those on other eminent personalities of the field.
Gallery of musical instrumentsEdit
The academy has a museum-cum-gallery of musical instruments in Rabindra Bhavan, New Delhi. There are more than 200 musical instruments on display here.
It has a documentation unit that collects and records works of masters in the field of music, dance and theatre on audio and video to help researchers. The academy produces several in-house publications.
Award and FellowshipEdit
Sangeet Natak Akademi AwardEdit
The Sangeet Natak Akademi Award is the highest national recognition given to practicing artists, gurus and scholars. It carries a purse money of Rs. 1,00,000/-, a shawl, and a tamrapatra (a brass plaque). The number of awards given annually is 33 at present and, till date, over 1000 artists have been honoured.
Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellowship, Ratna SadsyaEdit
Each year the Academy awards Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellowships, Ratna Sadsya, to distinguished individuals for their contribution to the field of arts, music, dance and theatre. The first Fellow of the Akademi was elected in 1954, and till date, the Akademi has honoured 123 eminent personalities as Akademi Fellows (Akademi Ratna).
Ustad Bismillah Khan Yuva PuruskarEdit
Indian classical dancesEdit
The Sangeet Natak Akademi confers classical status on eight Indian dance forms:
- Bharatanatyam: originating in Tamil Nadu
- Odissi: originating in Odisha
- Kuchipudi: originating in Andhra Pradesh
- Mohiniaattam: originating in Kerala, performed by women
- Sattriya: originating in Assam, conferred classical status most recently
- Kathakali: originating in Kerala, performed by men
- Kathak: originating in Northern India
- Manipuri: originating in Manipur
- Gaudiya Nritya: originating in West Bengal
- Sangeet Natak Akademi International Music Festival
- Lalit Kala Akademi: equivalent national academy for visual arts
- Sahitya Akademi: equivalent national academy for literature
- Sangeet Nataka Akademi organised the First Film Seminar in 1955 in Delhi, inaugurated by Pandit Nehru
- "Institutions of the Sangeet Natak Akademi". SNA. Retrieved 8 November 2010.
- "Centres of the Akademi". SNA. Retrieved 8 November 2010.
- Central stage Live Mint, 15 July 2009.
- Ustad Bismillah Khan Yuva Puruskar
- The official website of the Sangeet Natak Akademi
- List of Awardees - Sangeet Natak Akademi
- 'An agenda for the arts', Frontline magazine (The Hindu), February 15–28, 2003, article on 50th anniversary
- Data Bank on Traditional/Folk performances
- Current events page on the website (slightly outdated)
- The Academy's Official List of Award winners
- Carnatic India: a portal on Indian classical fine arts
- Akdemi Music