Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellowship
The Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellowship, also known as Akademi Ratna Sadasyata, is an Indian honour for the performing arts presented by Sangeet Natak Akademi. It is "the most prestigious and rare honour" conferred by the Akademi and is "restricted to 40 individuals at any given time".
|Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellowship|
|Award for individual contributions to Performing arts|
|Awarded for||Award for the performing arts in India|
|Sponsored by||Sangeet Natak Akademi|
|Reward(s)||₹3 lakh (equivalent to ₹3.8 lakh or US$4,800 in 2020)|
In 1945, The Asiatic Society of Bengal submitted a proposal to establish a National Cultural Trust consisting of three academies: an Academy of Music, Dance, and Drama, an Academy of Letters, and an Academy of Art and Architecture. The proposal was reconsidered in the Conference on Art held in Kolkata in 1949, and two conferences, the Conference on Letters, and the Conference on Dance, Drama, and Music, were held in New Delhi in 1951. All three conferences were organized by the Government of India and recommended the establishment of three national academies: an Academy of Music, Dance, and Drama (Sangeet Natak Akademi), an Academy of Letters (Sahitya Akademi), and an Academy of Art (Lalit Kala Akademi).
The Sangeet Natak Akademi, established on 31 May 1952 by a resolution of the Ministry of Human Resource Development (then the Ministry of Education), Government of India, headed by Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, is India's National Academy for Music, Dance, and Drama. The Akademi was officially inaugurated on 28 January 1953 by the first President of India, Rajendra Prasad and P. V. Rajamannar was appointed as its first Chairman. The first members of the Executive Board of the Akademi consisted of Maharaja Sri Sir Jayachamarajendra Wadiyar Bahadur, T. L. Venkatarama Aiyar, S. N. Mozumdar, N. R. Ray, Dharma Vira, A.K. Ghosh, J. C. Mathur, and A. V. Venkateswaran. Other two institutes were established later; the Sahitya Akademi was inaugurated on 12 March 1954 and the Lalit Kala Akademi was inaugurated on 5 August 1954. Later, on 11 September 1961, it was reorganized as a society and registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860. Though the Sangeet Natak Akademi functions as an autonomous organization of the Ministry of Culture, its programmes are completely funded by the Government.
The Sangeet Natak Akademi is defined as "the apex body of the performing arts" in the country and primarily focuses on "preserving and promoting the vast intangible heritage of India's diverse culture expressed in the forms of music, dance and drama". The Akademi has also established various institutions in the fields of performing arts: the National School of Drama in New Delhi in 1959, the Jawaharlal Nehru Manipur Dance Academy in Imphal and the National Institute of Kathak Dance in New Delhi in 1964, and the Koodiyattam Kendra in Thiruvananthapuram in 1990. Since 1965, the Akademi also publishes a quarterly journal, Sangeet Natak.
The Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellowship is conferred without distinction of nationality, race, caste, religion, creed, or sex. The criteria restricts any person below the age of 50 to ordinarily be considered for the honour, although a minimum age of 35 is required. Persons who are already deceased do not qualify; if an honoree dies before the honour is conferred, however, the honour will be assigned posthumously. The criteria also excludes any institution along with the members of the General Council of the Akademi from consideration. The fellowship does not refer to any specific work or achievement of an artist but to the "significant and lasting contribution on a sustained basis over a period of time". The recommendations are received from the current fellows along with the members of the General Council of the Akademi.
The fellowship was established in 1954 and the first elected fellows were Carnatic music vocalist Ariyakudi Ramanuja Iyengar, Veena player Karaikudi Sambasiva Aiyer, and film and theatre actor Prithviraj Kapoor. As of 2015[update], the fellowship has been conferred upon 148 individuals, including 32 dancers, 31 theater performers, 76 musicians, and 9 individuals awarded for their overall contributions in all three fields. Since its inception, the honour has been bestowed upon 26 female artists and, in 1958, a Hindustani classical vocalist, belonging to the Bhendibazaar gharana, Anjanibai Malpekar became the first woman fellow of the Akademi. A French national and musicologist Alain Daniélou is the only non-Indian national awarded with the fellowship.
As per the constitutional provision under Rule 12 (vi) of the Rules and Regulations of the Akademi, the number of fellows is restricted to 30. On 25 March 2003, the General Council of the Akademi recommended restricting the number of fellows to 40 living persons and a total of 60 at any given time. However, the recommendation is not yet approved by the Ministry. As of 2021[update], there are 39 Fellows of the Sangeet Natak Akademi. Each recipient is awarded with a cash prize of ₹3 lakh (equivalent to ₹3.8 lakh or US$4,800 in 2020), an Angavastram (Shawl), and a Tamrapatra (citation plaque) given under the seal of Akademi and signature of its Chairman. The most recent fellowship was announced on 25 November 2022 and awarded to ten recipients for the year 2019, 2020 and 2021.
List of fellowsEdit
|Field||Number of recipients|
# Indicates a current fellow
|1954||–||Hafiz Ali Khan||Music|
|1954||–||Ariyakudi Ramanuja Iyengar||Music|
|1954||–||Karaikudi Sambasiva Iyer||Music|
|1962||–||D. Annaswami Bhagavathar||Music|
|1963||–||Shrikrishna Narayan Ratanjankar||Music|
|1964||–||T. L. Venkatarama Iyer||Music|
|1964||–||C. Saraswathi Bai||Music|
|1964||–||Birendra Kishore Roy Choudhury||Music|
|1964||–||B. R. Deodhar||Music|
|1964||–||P. V. Rajamannar||Theatre|
|1965||–||Vinayak Narayan Patwardhan||Music|
|1965||–||Ganesh Hari Ranade||Music|
|1965||–||D. G. Vyas||Music|
|1966||–||E. Krishna Iyer||Overall Contribution/Scholarship|
|1967||Rukmini Devi Arundale||Dance|
|1967||Musiri Subramania Iyer||Music|
|1967||Bade Ghulam Ali Khan||Music|
|1967||–||P. K. Kunju Kurup||Dance|
|1967||–||V. Satyanarayana Sarma||Dance|
|1967||–||Adya Rangacharya 'Shriranga'||Theatre|
|1968||–||Kali Charan Patnaik||Overall Contribution/Scholarship|
|1970||–||K. C. D. Brahaspati||Music|
|1970||–||Dilip Chandra Vedi||Music|
|1972||–||Rallapalli Ananta Krishna Sharma||Music|
|1973||K. Shivaram Karanth||Theatre|
|1974||–||Jnan Prakash Ghosh||Music|
|1974||M. S. Subbulakshmi||Music|
|1975||–||Embar S. Vijayaraghavachariar||Music|
|1976||Santidev Ghosh||Overall Contribution/Scholarship|
|1976||Semmangudi Srinivasa Iyer||Music|
|1977||–||Hirjibhai Rustomji Doctor||Music|
|1978||–||Tinuvengadu Subramania Pillai||Music|
|1979||P. L. Deshpande||Theatre|
|1979||–||D. T. Joshi||Music|
|1979||–||T. P. Kuppiah Pillai||Dance|
|1980||–||V. K. Narayana Menon||Overall Contribution/Scholarship|
|1982||Mani Madhava Chakyar||Dance|
|1986||–||V. V. Swarna Venkatesa Deekshithar||Music|
|1988||–||Shivaputra Siddaramayya Komkali ‘Kumar Gandharva’||Music|
|1991||–||T. S. Parthasarathy||Overall Contribution/Scholarship|
|1992||Ali Akbar Khan||Music|
|1992||D. K. Pattammal||Music|
|1992||–||Prem Lata Sharma||Music|
|1994||–||Maheswar Neog||Overall Contribution/Scholarship|
|1996||Ammannur Madhava Chakyar||Dance|
|1998||–||K. P. Kittappa Pillai||Dance|
|2001||B. V. Karanth||Theatre|
|2001||Vempati Chinna Satyam||Dance|
|2002||Kavalam Narayana Panicker||Theatre|
|2004||–||Bindhyabasini Devi||Other performing arts[a]|
|2006||T. N. Krishnan||Music|
|2006||–||N. Khelchandra Singh||Dance|
|2007||–||Sushil Kumar Saxena||Overall Contribution/Scholarship|
|2008||–||R. C. Mehta||Music|
|2009||–||Kamlesh Dutt Tripathi#||Theatre|
|2010||–||T. K. Murthy#||Music|
|2010||–||Rahim Fahimuddin Dagar||Music|
|2011||–||Mukund Lath||Overall Contribution/Scholarship|
|2011||Rajkumar Singhajit Singh#||Dance|
|2011||Umayalpuram K. Sivaraman#||Music|
|2011||–||Amjad Ali Khan#||Music|
|2012||T. H. Vinayakram#||Music|
|2014||–||S. R. Janakiraman#||Music|
|2014||–||Vijay Kumar Kichlu#||Music|
|2014||M. S. Sathyu#||Theatre|
|2015||–||C. V. Chandrasekhar#||Dance|
|2016||–||Ram Gopal Bajaj#||Theatre|
|2016||Sunil Kothari||Overall Contribution/Scholarship|
|2018||–||T. K. Kalyanasundaram#||Dance|
|2019-21||A. K. C. Natarajan#||Music|
|2019-21||T. V. Gopalakrishnan#||Music|
|2019-21||Bharat Gupt#||Overall Contribution/Scholarship|
- Other performing arts include Traditional/Folk/Tribal/Dance/Music/Theatre and Puppetry
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- Post, Jennifer (2013). Ethnomusicology: A Research and Information Guide. Taylor & Francis. p. 119. ISBN 978-1-136-70518-2.
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- "Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellow". New Delhi: Sangeet Natak Akademi. Archived from the original on 2 March 2021. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
- "Announcement of Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellowships (Akademi Ratna) & Sangeet Natak Akademi Awards (Akademi Puraskar) for the Years 2019, 2020 and 2021" (PDF). sangeetnatak.gov.in. Retrieved 6 December 2022.
- Acharya, Helen (23 April 2016). "Declaration of Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellowships (Akademi Ratna) and Sangeet Natak Akademi Awards (Akademi Puraskar) for the Year 2015" (PDF) (Press release). New Delhi: Sangeet Natak Akademi. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
- "List of Akademi Fellows". sangeetnatak.gov.in. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016.