Nata (raga)

Nata (nāṭa) is a rāgam in Carnatic music (musical scale of South Indian classical music). It is a janya rāgam (derived scale) from the 36th melakarta scale Chalanata. It is a janya scale, as it does not have all the seven swaras (musical notes) in the descending scale. It is a combination of the sampurna raga scale Chalanata and the pentatonic scale Gambhiranata.[1][2] It is an auspicious raga, which is mostly sung in the early part of the concert.[1]

Nata
ArohanamS R₃ G₃ M₁ P D₃ N₃ 
Avarohanam N₃ P M₁ R₃ S

Structure of LakshanaEdit

 
Ascending scale with shadjam at C, which is same as Chalanata scale
 
Descending scale with shadjam at C, which is same as Gambhiranata scale

Nata is an ASYMMETRIC rāgam that does not contain gandharam and dhaivatam in the descending scale. It is an sampurna-audava rāgam (or owdava rāgam, meaning pentatonic descending scale).[1][2] Its ārohaṇa-avarohaṇa structure (ascending and descending scale) is as follows:

It is a vivadi raga. The notes used in this scale are shadjam, shatsruthi rishabham, antara gandharam, shuddha madhyamam, panchamam, shatsruthi dhaivatam and kakali nishadham in ascending scale, with dhaivatam and gandharam skipped in descending scale. For the details of the notations and terms, see swaras in Carnatic music.

Popular CompositionsEdit

There are many compositions set to Nata rāgam. Many compositions in praise of Lord Ganesha are set to this raga.[1] Here are some popular kritis composed in this ragam.

Sri Maha Ganapathim by Muthuswami Dikshitar

Film SongsEdit

Language: TamilEdit

Song Movie Composer Singer
Ventriduven Unnai(Ragamalika opening portion only) Agathiyar Kunnakudi Vaidyanathan T. M. Soundararajan, Sirkazhi Govindarajan
Mahaganapathim Sindhu Bhairavi Illayaraja K.J. Yesudas
Mettioli Katrodu Metti Illayaraja, S. Janaki(Humming only)
Kavithai Kelungal(Ragamalika) Punnagai Mannan Vani Jairam
Aala Asathum Kanni Rasi S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, Vani Jairam
Isai Paadu Nee Isai Paadum Thendral S. Janaki
Oh Oh Oh Kaalai Kuyilgale Unnai Vaazhthi Paadugiren
Holi Holi Raasukutti S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, S. Janaki
Innum Ennai (Gambeeranattai with Tilang) Singaravelan
Podu Thanthanathom Nalla Naal
Panivizhum Malar Vanam (in Chalanattai) Ninaivellam Nithya S. P. Balasubrahmanyam
Nan Deva devi Thangakkili Mano, Swarnalatha
Oru Pattampochi Kadhalukku Mariyadhai K.J. Yesudas, Sujatha
Naan Ondru Kettal Ilayaragam Arunmozhi, K.S. Chitra
Peigaley Nambathey Mahanadi Kamal Haasan, Shanmugasundari
Sandhosha Kannire Uyire A. R. Rahman A. R. Rahman
Spiderman New Kunal Ganjawala, Sadhana Sargam
Narumugaiye Narumugaiye Iruvar P. Unnikrishnan, Bombay Jayashree
Vennila Vennila Asha Bhosle
Thom Thom Alli Thandha Vaanam Vidyasagar Hariharan, K.S. Chitra
Thangamagan Indru Baashha Deva K.J. Yesudas, K.S. Chitra
Devi Devi Santharpam S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, Uma Ramanan
Irupathu Kodi Nilavugal Thulladha Manamum Thullum S. A. Rajkumar Hariharan
Mudhalam Santhippil Charlie Chaplin Bharani P. Unnikrishnan, Swarnalatha
Solaigal Ellam Pookalai Pareekatheergal T. Rajendar S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, K.S. Chitra
Uyire Uyire Vaanam Vasappadum Mahesh Mahadevan Hariharan, Ganga
Iyengaru Veetu Azhagey Anniyan Harris Jayaraj Hariharan, Harini
Chennai Senthamizh (inspired from Mahaganapathim) M. Kumaran Son of Mahalakshmi Srikanth Deva Harish Raghavendra
Jingunamani Jilla D. Imman Ranjith, Sunidhi Chauhan
Ammukuttiye Gemini Ganeshanum Suruli Raajanum Pradeep Kumar

Related rāgamsEdit

This section covers the theoretical and scientific aspect of this rāgam.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Alternate notations:
    • Hindustani: S  G M P  N 
    • Western: C D E F G A B C
  2. ^ Alternate notations:
    • Hindustani:  N P M  S
    • Western: C B G F D C

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Ragas in Carnatic music by Dr. S. Bhagyalekshmy, Pub. 1990, CBH Publications
  2. ^ a b Raganidhi by P. Subba Rao, Pub. 1964, The Music Academy of Madras