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Devanesan Chokkalingam, popularly known as Deva, is an Indian film composer and singer. He has composed songs and provided background music for Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam and Kannada films in a career spanning about 20 years. Many know his gaana songs, written mostly using Madras Tamil. He is known as the "Father of Gaana Genre" in the Tamil film industry.
|Birth name||Devanesan Chokkalingam|
|Born||20 November 1950|
|Origin||Tamil Nadu, India|
|Occupation(s)||Film composer, music director|
|Instruments||Vocals (playback singing), guitar, keyboard/harmonium/piano|
Deva has composed music for many films. He debuted as a film music director in the film Manasukkeththa Maharaasa in 1989. In the intervening years he has composed music for a total of more than 400 films.
Deva was born to M. C. Chokkalingam and M. C. Krishnaveni. Even in his childhood, Deva was attracted to the world of music. Teaming up with Chandra Bose, he staged many musical programmes. He started learning classical music under Dhanraj and has completed a course in Western music at Trinity College of Music in London. His son Srikanth Deva is also a music director, as are his brothers, who have formed the duo Sabesh-Murali. His nephew Jai is an actor.
Before coming to cinema, Deva worked for some time in the television field. In those days, Deva's brothers were working in the musical troupes of Illayaraja and other music directors as instrumentalists. His first film, Manasukketha Maharasa, was released in 1989. He was then called to work on the movie Vaigasi Poranthachu. After the release of Vaikaasi Poranthaachu, his name became known throughout the Tamil community.
So far, he has composed music for more than 400 films, which include Tamil, Telugu and Malayalam films. He is also famous for his compositions for religious films. He was widely acclaimed for his scores for the Rajinikanth starrer Basha. His other famous compositions include Annamalai and Baasha, both starring the superstar Rajinikanth.
Veteran music director M. S. Viswanathan conferred the title Thenisai Thendral upon Deva for his contributions.
In 1990, he received his first Tamil Nadu State Film Award for Best Music Director. He received the Tamil Nadu Government's Kalaimamani Award in the year 1992. In 1995, the film Aasai brought him another state film award. For Baasha, he got the Tamil Nadu Arts and Cultural Academy Award. He received an award by Guinness world records for Sivappu Mazhai as the world fastest movie from script to screening. He has also been honoured by awards from popular journals like Dinakaran, Cinema Express and Screen. He won the Filmfare Award for Best Music Director - Kannada film Amrutha Varshini.
One of the major criticisms against Deva is plagiarism. He is known for lifting snippets and sometimes even the full song from famous old and recent English pop songs and using them as his own. Some of his lifts include the title track of Baashha being lifted from the theme of Terminator 2: Judgment Day, "O Nenje" from Mugavaree being lifted from Backstreet Boys' "Get Down" and "Oh Sona" from Vaali being lifted from "Susanna" by The Art Company.
|Amrutha Varshini||Winner: Filmfare Award for Best Music Director - Kannada|
|1997||Itha Oru Snehagatha|
|2016||Enakku Veru Engum Gilaigai Kidaiyathu||"Kodambakkam Maru Peru"|
|2014||Maan Karate||"Open The Tasmac"|
|2009||Modhi Vilayadu||"Modhi Vilayadu"|
|1998||Ninaithen Vandhai||"Manisha Manisha"|
|1998||Kaadhale Nimmadhi||"Vidha Vidhama"|
|1998||Kaadhal Mannan||"Marimuthu Marimuthu"|
|1996||Kadhal Kottai||"Kavalaipadathe Sagothara"|
|1999||Chinna Raja||as himself|
|2004||Adi Thadi||himself in song "Thagadu"|
|2009||Modhi Vilayadu||himself in song "Modhi Vilayadu"|
- Kotigobba (2001) from Baashha (1995) (3 songs added with one of them being reused version of "Athanda Ithanda" from Arunachalam (1997))
- Simhadriya Simha from Kattabomman (1 song "Priya Priya" has been reused; while "Kalladre Naanu" was reused as "Poove Mudhal Poove" in Kadhal Kirukkan with different vocals and instrumentations; "Malnad Adike" was reused from "Kottapaakum" in Nattamai).
- Naaga from Kushi (3 songs "Megam Karukuthu", "Macarina" and "Oru Ponnu" has been reused).
- Nata (2002) from Priyamudhan (1997) (3 songs "Bharathikku", "Pooja Vaa", and "Mowriya" have been reused).
- DINAKARAN dinakaran.com. "dinakaran". web.archive.org. Archived from the original on 11 January 2001. Retrieved 20 July 2014.
- "Tamil cinema Data Base of actors,actress,directors". web.archive.org. 29 October 2006.
- "Find Tamil Actor Deva Filmography, Movies, Pictures and Videos - Jointscene.com". web.archive.org. 15 August 2011.
- "Deva tamil music director". behindwoods.com. Retrieved 20 July 2014.
- "The Hindu : Cinema Plus / Cinema : my first break". hindu.com. Retrieved 20 July 2014.
- "Maan Karate Songs Review – OnlyKollywood". onlykollywood.com. Retrieved 20 July 2014.
- "45th Annual Filmfare Best Kannada Music Director : Santosh : Free Dow…". archive.is. 5 February 2017. Archived from the original on 5 February 2017.
- "deva_won_filmfare__best_kannada_music_director : santosh : Free Downl…". archive.is. 5 February 2017. Archived from the original on 5 February 2017.
- "chronicles of plagiarism in indian film music". itwofs.com. Retrieved 13 February 2012.