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Devanesan Chokkalingam, popularly known as Deva, is an Indian film composer and singer. He has composed songs and provided background music for Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam and Kannada films in a career spanning about 20 years. Many know his gaana songs, written mostly using Madras Tamil. He is known as the "Father of Gaana Genre" in the Tamil film industry.[2][3]

Deva
Music Director Deva at KJ Yesudas 50 Concert Press Meet.jpg
Background information
Birth nameDevanesan Chokkalingam
Born (1958-11-20) 20 November 1958 (age 60)[1]
OriginTamil Nadu, India
Occupation(s)Film composer, music director
InstrumentsVocals (playback singing), guitar, keyboard/harmonium/piano
Years active1988–present

Deva has composed music for many films. He debuted as a film music director in the film Manasukkeththa Maharaasa in 1989. In the intervening years he has composed music for a total of more than 400 films.[4]

Personal lifeEdit

Deva was born to M. C. Chokkalingam and M. C. Krishnaveni. Even in his childhood, Deva was attracted to the world of music. Teaming up with Chandra Bose, he staged many musical programmes. He started learning classical music under Dhanraj and has completed a course in Western music at Trinity College of Music in London. His son Srikanth Deva is also a music director, as are his brothers, who have formed the duo Sabesh-Murali. His nephew Jai is an actor.

CareerEdit

Before coming to cinema, Deva worked for some time in the television field. In those days, Deva's brothers were working in the musical troupes of Illayaraja and other music directors as instrumentalists. His first film, Manasukketha Maharasa, was released in 1989. He was then called to work on the movie Vaigasi Poranthachu. After the release of Vaikaasi Poranthaachu, his name became known throughout the Tamil community.[1][5]

So far, he has composed music for more than 400 films, which include Tamil, Telugu and Malayalam films. He is also famous for his compositions for religious films. He was widely acclaimed for his scores for the Rajinikanth starrer Basha. His other famous compositions include Annamalai and Baasha, both starring the superstar Rajinikanth.

In 2014, Anirudh Ravichander chose Deva to sing a gaana song in his album Maan Karate and labelled Deva as the "father of the Gaana genre".[6]

HonoursEdit

Veteran music director M. S. Viswanathan conferred the title Thenisai Thendral upon Deva for his contributions.

AwardsEdit

In 1990, he received his first Tamil Nadu State Film Award for Best Music Director. He received the Tamil Nadu Government's Kalaimamani Award in the year 1992. In 1995, the film Aasai brought him another state film award. For Baasha, he got the Tamil Nadu Arts and Cultural Academy Award. He received an award by Guinness world records for Sivappu Mazhai as the world fastest movie from script to screening. He has also been honoured by awards from popular journals like Dinakaran, Cinema Express and Screen. He won the Filmfare Award for Best Music Director - Kannada film Amrutha Varshini.[7][8]

CriticismEdit

One of the major criticisms against Deva is plagiarism.[9] He is known for lifting snippets and sometimes even the full song from famous old and recent English pop songs and using them as his own. Some of his lifts include the title track of Baashha being lifted from the theme of Terminator 2: Judgment Day, "O Nenje" from Mugavaree being lifted from Backstreet Boys' "Get Down" and "Oh Sona" from Vaali being lifted from "Susanna" by The Art Company.

FilmographyEdit

Tamil filmsEdit

Year Film Title Notes
1989 Manasukketha Maharasa Debut film as a composer
1990 Mattukara Mannaru
Vaigasi Poranthachu Winner Tamil Nadu State Film Award for Best Music Director
Namma Ooru Poovatha
Mannukketha Maindhan Not Released
1991 Naadu Adhai Naadu
Pudhu Manithan
Marikozhundhu
Aatha Un Koyilile
Mill Thozhilali
Vaidehi Kalyanam
Mangalyam Thanthunane
Vasanthakala Paravai
Kizhakku Karai
Oyilattam
Vaasalile Oru Vennila
En Pottukku Sonthakkaran
Vaidehi Vandhachu
Thoodhu Poo Chellakiliye
Thambi Oorukku Pudhusa
Nadodi Kadhal Not Released
1992 Brahmachari
Soorya Namaskaram Not Released
Periya Gounder Ponnu
Government Mappillai
Kasthuri Manjal
Thangarasu
Therku Theru Machan
Tamil Ponnu
Oor Mariyadhai
Unakkaga Piranthen
Pokkiri Thambi
Pudhusa Padukkiren Paattu
Kizhakku Velathachu
Amma Vanthachu
Annamalai
Vasantha Kaala Malargal
Pattathu Raani
Suriyan
Kottai Vaasal
Pondatti Rajyam
Mouna Mozhi
Kizhakku Veedhi
Samundi
Natchathira Nayagan
Solaiyamma
1993 Pudhu Piravi
Madurai Meenakshi
Rajadurai
Suriyan Chandiran
Madhumathi
Vedan
Idhaya Nayagan
Munarivippu
Nallathe Nadakkum
Thanga Pappa
Band Master
Pass Mark
Maravan
Moondravadhu Kann
Karuppu Vellai
Akkarai Cheemayile
Kattabomman
Muthupandi
Purusha Lakshanam
Rojavai Killathe
Kizhakke Varum Paattu
Sendhoorapandi
1994 Veettai Paaru Naattai Paaru
Subramaniya Swamy
Chinna Muthu
Aranmanai Kaavalan
En Rajangam
Indhu
Vaa Magale Vaa
Namma Annachi
Pathavi Pramanam
Sevatha Ponnu
Manasu Rendum Pudhusu
Maindhan
Rasigan
Watchman Vadivel
Thamarai
Sarigamapadani
En Aasai Machan
Killadi Mappillai
Raja Pandi
Thai Maaman
Pattukottai Periyappa
Ilaignar Ani
Jallikattu Kaalai
Veera Padhakkam
Nila
Magudikkaran
Pandiyanin Rajyathil
Thaai Manasu
Manja Virattu
1995 Karuppu Nila
Baashha
Veluchami
Gangai Karai Paattu
Deva
Chinna Mani
En Pondatti Nallava
Thirumoorthy
Chellakannu
Sandhaikku Vandha Kili
Rani Maharani
Thamizhachi
Anbu Magan
Marumagan
Pullakuttikaran
Gandhi Pirantha Mann
Chakravarthy
Vishnu
Nadodi Mannan
Aasai Winner Tamil Nadu State Film Award for Best Music Director
Sindhu Bath
Thaikulame Thaikulame
Aakaya Pookal
Ilavarasi
Seethanam
Varraar Sandiyar
Mannai Thottu Kumbidanum
Dear Son Maruthu
1996 Parambarai
Thayagam
Thirumbi Paar
Vaanmathi
Mahaprabhu
Kalloori Vaasal
Summa Irunga Machan
Puthiya Parasakthi
Mappillai Manasu Poopola
Maanbumigu Maanavan
Kaalam Maari Pochu
Pudhu Nilavu
Veetukkulle Thiruvizha
Kadhal Kottai
Tamizh Selvan
Vishwanath
Sivasakthi
Parivattam
Avvai Shanmugi
Gokulathil Seethai
Kalki
Panchalankurichi
Senathipathi
Gopala Gopala
1997 Dharma Chakkaram
Kaalamellam Kaathiruppen
Chachi 420 Hindi film; BGM only
Remake of Avvai Shanmugi
Nalla Manasukkaran
Periya Thambi
Bharathi Kannamma
Nesam
Kaalamellam Kadhal Vaazhga
Ettupatti Rasa
Vaimaye Vellum
Mannava
Mappillai Gounder
Arunachalam
Vallal
Sishya
Pongalo Pongal
Pasamulla Pandiyare
Once More
Kaadhali
Pagaivan
Anubhavam Pudhumai
Kadhal Palli
Sathi Sanam
Abhimanyu
Kalyana Vaibhogam
Nerukku Ner
Pathhini
Aahaa
Periya Manushan
Porkkaalam
Vidukadhai
Thadayam
Rettai Jadai Vayasu
Pudhalvan
1998 Kaadhale Nimmadhi
Sundara Pandian
Vaettiya Madichu Kattu
Santhosham
Ninaithen Vandhai
Ponnu Velayira Bhoomi
Iniyavale
Priyamudan
Natpukkaga
Sandhippoma
En Aasai Rasave
Ellame En Pondattithaan
Kannedhirey Thondrinal
Unnudan
En Uyir Nee Thaane
Urimai Por
Veeram Vilanja Mannu
Pudhumai Pithan
Gurupaarvai
Sivappu Nila
Bhagavath Singh
1999 Kallazhagar
Ninaivirukkum Varai
Unnaithedi
Chinna Raja
Ullathai Killathe
Vaali
Annan Thangachi
Anantha Poongatre
Nenjinile
Oruvan
Suyamvaram 1 Song
Viralukketha Veekkam
Kanave Kalaiyadhe
Ponvizha
Kannodu Kanbathellam
Minsara Kanna
Anbulla Kadhalukku
Hello
Maanaseega Kadhal
Ooty
Pudhu Kudithanam
Iraniyan
Sundari Neeyum Sundaran Naanum
Unnaruge Naan Irundhal
Azhagarsamy
Aasaiyil Oru Kaditham
2000 Eazhaiyin Sirippil
Thai Porandachu
Mugavaree
Sandhitha Velai
Vallarasu
Veeranadai
Kushi Winner Tamil Nadu State Film Award for Best Music Director
Appu
Ennamma Kannu
Vetri Kodi Kattu
Koodi Vazhnthal Kodi Nanmai
Independence Day
Kannaal Pesavaa
Krodham 2
Sabhash
Unnai Kann Theduthey
Ninaivellam Nee Co-composed by M. S. Viswanathan
Uyirile Kalanthathu
Kannukku Kannaga
Vaanavil
Seenu
Manasu
Manu Needhi
2001 Looty
Engalukkum Kaalam Varum
En Purushan Kuzhandhai Maadhiri
Sri Raja Rajeshwari
Citizen
Love Channel
Dosth
Lovely
Ninaikkatha Naalillai
Kalakalappu
Chocolate
Maayan
Veettoda Mappillai
Kabadi Kabadi
Love Marriage
Azhagana Naatkal
Kadal Pookkal
Kottai Mariamman
Ulagai Vilai Pesava Not Released
2002 Pammal K. Sambandam
Red
Vivaramana Aalu
Nettru Varai Nee Yaaro Naan Yaaro
123
Panchathanthiram
Maaran
Samasthanam
Bagavathi
Virumbugiren
2003 Annai Kaligambal
Chokka Thangam
Ramachandra
Military
Dum
Kadhal Sadugudu
Indru Mudhal
Success
Adhaanda Idhaanda
Vani Mahal not released
Kadhal Kirukkan
Thathi Thavadhu Manasu
Soori
Indru
2004 Engal Anna
Adi Thadi
Kavidhai
Jore
Super Da
Loves
Sound Party
Azhagesan
Gajendra
Maha Nadigan
Jaisurya
Ramakrishna
2005 Devathayai Kanden
Girivalam
Englishkaran
Selvam
Sivakasi Background Score Only
Saadhuriyan
Vanakkam Thalaiva
Varapogum Sooriyane
2006 47A Besant Nagar Varai
2007 Thirumagan
Nanbanin Kadhali
Manikanda
Adavadi
Viyabari
En Uyirinum Melana
Cheena Thaana 001
Pasupathi c/o Rasakkapalayam
2008 Kodaikanal
2009 Enga Raasi Nalla Raasi
Saamy Sonna Saridhan
Aarumugam
Suriyan Satta Kalloori
2010 Sivappu Mazhai
Kutti Pisasu
Pen Singam
2012 Mattuthavani
Kondaan Koduthaan
2014 Dummy Tapassu
2016 Mugappair Sri Kanaka Durga
2017 Unnai Thottu Kolla Vaa

Kannada filmsEdit

Year Film Title Notes
1997 Raja
Amrutha Varshini Winner: Filmfare Award for Best Music Director - Kannada
2000 Independence Day
Vande Matharam
Galate Aliyandru
2001 Kotigobba
2002 Naanu Naane
Nata
Sainika
Simhadriya Simha
2003 Vijayadashami
Raja Narasimha
2004 Kadamba
2005 Vishnu Sena
2008 Aakasha Gange
2010 Bombat Car
2011 Olave Mandara
2012 Super Shastri
2016 Bheeshma

Telugu filmsEdit

Year Film Title Notes
1994 Bhale Pellam
1997 Master
1998 Auto Driver
Tholi Prema
2000 Bagunnara
2003 Naaga
2005 Naayudamma
2010 Cara Majaka

Malayalam filmsEdit

Year Film Title Notes
1996 The Prince
King Solomon
1997 Itha Oru Snehagatha
2002 Phantom

TelevisionEdit

DiscographyEdit

Year Film Title Song(s) Notes
2016 Enakku Veru Engum Gilaigai Kidaiyathu "Kodambakkam Maru Peru"
2016 Theri "Jithu Jilladi"
2016 Anjala "Tea Podu"
2014 Maan Karate "Open The Tasmac"
2009 Modhi Vilayadu "Modhi Vilayadu"
2004 Adithadi "Thagadu"
1998 Kannethire Thondrinaal "Salomiya"
1998 Priyamudan "White Lagaan"
1998 Ninaithen Vandhai "Manisha Manisha"
1998 Kaadhale Nimmadhi "Vidha Vidhama"
1998 Kaadhal Mannan "Marimuthu Marimuthu"
1996 Kadhal Kottai "Kavalaipadathe Sagothara"
1996 Vaanmathi "Pillayarpatti Hero"

Onscreen appearancesEdit

Year Film Title Notes
1998 Unnidathn as himself
1999 Chinna Raja as himself
2004 Adi Thadi himself in song "Thagadu"
2005 Englishkaran as himself
2009 Modhi Vilayadu himself in song "Modhi Vilayadu"

Reused tunesEdit

  • Kotigobba (2001) from Baashha (1995) (3 songs added with one of them being reused version of "Athanda Ithanda" from Arunachalam (1997))
  • Simhadriya Simha from Kattabomman (1 song "Priya Priya" has been reused; while "Kalladre Naanu" was reused as "Poove Mudhal Poove" in Kadhal Kirukkan with different vocals and instrumentations; "Malnad Adike" was reused from "Kottapaakum" in Nattamai).
  • Naaga from Kushi (3 songs "Megam Karukuthu", "Macarina" and "Oru Ponnu" has been reused).
  • Nata (2002) from Priyamudhan (1997) (3 songs "Bharathikku", "Pooja Vaa", and "Mowriya" have been reused).

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b DINAKARAN dinakaran.com. "dinakaran". web.archive.org. Archived from the original on 11 January 2001. Retrieved 20 July 2014.
  2. ^ "Tamil cinema Data Base of actors,actress,directors". web.archive.org. 29 October 2006.
  3. ^ "Find Tamil Actor Deva Filmography, Movies, Pictures and Videos - Jointscene.com". web.archive.org. 15 August 2011.
  4. ^ "Deva tamil music director". behindwoods.com. Retrieved 20 July 2014.
  5. ^ "The Hindu : Cinema Plus / Cinema : my first break". hindu.com. Retrieved 20 July 2014.
  6. ^ "Maan Karate Songs Review – OnlyKollywood". onlykollywood.com. Retrieved 20 July 2014.
  7. ^ "45th Annual Filmfare Best Kannada Music Director : Santosh : Free Dow…". archive.is. 5 February 2017. Archived from the original on 5 February 2017.
  8. ^ "deva_won_filmfare__best_kannada_music_director : santosh : Free Downl…". archive.is. 5 February 2017. Archived from the original on 5 February 2017.
  9. ^ "chronicles of plagiarism in indian film music". itwofs.com. Retrieved 13 February 2012.

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