Kamal Dasgupta

Kamal Dasgupta (28 July 1912 – 20 July 1974) was a Bangla music director, composer and folk artist. Rāga and Thumri were the main elements of his music.[1][2] His wife Feroza Begum was a noted Nazrul Sangeet singer. Their second and third sons Hamin Ahmed and Shafin Ahmed are the lead singers with Bangladeshi Band Miles.

Kamal Dasgupta
Born(1912-07-28)28 July 1912
Died20 July 1974(1974-07-20) (aged 61)
Dhaka, Bangladesh
Occupationcomposer, music director, folk singer
Spouse(s)
(m. 1955⁠–⁠1974)
ChildrenTahsin Ahmed
Hamin Ahmed
Shafin Ahmed
Parents
  • Taraprasanna Dasgupta (father)
  • Kamini (mother)

Early life and careerEdit

Dasgupta was born on 28 July 1912 in Narail, Jessore of the then British India. He matriculated in 1928 from Calcutta Academy and later completed B. Com. from Comilla Victoria Government College. He earned his doctorate in music from Banaras Hindu University in 1943 for his work on Meerabai, the composer and singer of Bhajans. His early inspiration came from his father, Tara Prasanna Dasgupta. He took his first music lessons from his brother, Bimal Das Gupta. Later he studied under Dilip Kumar Roy, K C Dey (Kana Keshto), and Ustad Jamiruddin Khan.

Dasgupta sang modern songs in Bengali, Urdu, Hindi, and Tamil. He was also a composer, composing the music for about eight thousand songs. His work was based on classical music and tended towards the Thungri style, though he also drew inspiration from other sources.

Dasgupta composed the music for about eighty Bangla films, among them Tufan Mail, Jhamelar Prem, Ei Ki Go Shes Dan. His last film as a music director was Badhu Bharan (1967). He also composed the background music for an American film, War Propaganda. His active life as a composer covered about fourteen years. His unique contribution in music is his invention of a shorthand method for swaralipi (notations).

In 1935, Dasgupta joined the Gramophone Company of India as a music director. During his term there, he developed a close association with Kazi Nazrul Islam and composed the music for almost four hundred of his songs. The gramophone records for which Dasgupta composed music were notable in the 1950s and 1960s. Among his songs still notable today are Sanjher Taraka Ami (I am the star of twilight), Prithivi Amare Chay (The world needs me), and Ami Bhorer Juthika' '(I am the jasmine of morning).

In 1955, he married Feroza Begum, a Nazrul Sangeet singer, in the same year. They have three sons, Tahsin Ahmed, Hamin Ahmed and Shafin Ahmed.

Dasgupta died on 18 July 1974 in Dhaka.[3]

DiscographyEdit

HindiEdit

  • Mrhospital
  • Jawab (1942)
  • Hospital (1943)
  • Rani (1943)
  • Megdoot (1945)
  • Arabian Nights (1946)
  • Bindiya (1946)
  • Krishan Leela (1946)
  • Zamin Aasman (1946)
  • Faisla (with Anupam Ghatak) (1947)
  • Gribala (1947)
  • Manmani (1947)
  • Chander Shekhar (1948)
  • Iran Ki Ek Raat (1949)
  • Phulwari (1951)

BengaliEdit

  • Pandit Mashi (1936)
  • Shesh Uttar (1942)
  • Garmil (1942)
  • Sahadharmini (1943)
  • Joga jog (1943)
  • Chandar Kalnka (1944)
  • Dhampati (1944)
  • Bideshni (1944)
  • Nandita (1944)
  • Megdoot (1945)
  • Bhabi kaal (1945)
  • Rangamati (1948)
  • Anuradha (1949)
  • Malancha (1952)
  • Prarthana (1953)
  • Bhagwan Sri Krishna Chataniya (1953)
  • Sandhan (1953)
  • Nabibidhan (1954)
  • Bratacharini (1955)
  • Manraksha (1956)
  • Govindadas (1956)
  • Madhu Malati (1956)
  • Bodhu Baran (1967)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Kamal Das Gupta: Voice of renaissance in Bengal music". The Daily Star (Bangladesh). Retrieved 11 July 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ Hussain, Mohsin (2012). "Kamal Dasgupta". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  3. ^ "Komol Dasgupta: An unparalleled composer". The Daily Star. 2006-07-27. Retrieved 2018-01-12.

External linksEdit