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Kadhalan (Translation: Loverboy) is a 1994 Indian Tamil-language romantic thriller film written and directed by S. Shankar and produced by K. T. Kunjumon. The film stars Prabhu Deva and Nagma, while Raghuvaran, Girish Karnad and Vadivelu play other pivotal roles. The film's score and soundtrack were composed by A. R. Rahman. Kadhalan was dubbed in Hindi as Humse Hai Muqabala and in Telugu as Premikudu and performed well in both regions.

Directed byS. Shankar
Produced byK. T. Kunjumon
Screenplay byShankar
Story byS. Shankar
StarringPrabhu Deva
Girish Karnad
Music byA. R. Rahman
Edited byB. Lenin
V. T. Vijayan
Distributed byA. R. S. Film International
Release date
  • 17 September 1994 (1994-09-17)
Running time
170 minutes

The film received positive reviews from critics and enjoyed commercial success upon release in September 1994. It won many recognitions and honours, including the Filmfare Best Director for S. Shankar and Filmfare Best Music Director for A. R. Rahman.



Prabhu, the student chairman of Chennai's Government Arts College[disambiguation needed], is asked by his principal to invite the Governor of Tamil Nadu, Kakarla Sathyanarayana Moorthy, to be the chief guest on the annual day of the college. When he goes to invite Kakarla, he bumps into his daughter Shruthi and instantly falls in love with her. To propose his love for her, he even joins in the same dance class as her. Shruthi too subsequently gets to know more about Prabhu and falls in love with him.

Since there is a considerable fear of terrorism in the state, Kakarla does not permit his daughter to travel anywhere without bodyguards. On one such occasion, she manages to give them the slip and runs away with Prabhu at a dance festival. Shortly after, there is the threat of a bomb being planted. Shruthi is immediately brought home, and Prabhu is arrested. Shruthi is forbidden to see Prabhu. After being beaten severely, Prabhu is released from police custody and taken back home, tended by his police father Kathiresan.

Prabhu then goes to meet Shruthi who is in her grandparents' house, unaware of the changed circumstances. This is where he finds evidence that will lead him to a hideout in her grandparents home of bomb specialist Mallikarjuna, the mastermind of all the bomb blasts. Prabhu realizes that Mallikarjuna has been working for Kakarla to kill innocent civilians with bombs. Kakarla pays Mallikarjuna to put a bomb in the Government General Hospital and betrays him by trying to kill him with a bomb radio. Mallikarjuna survives but is wounded. He changes the time so that the bomb can explode earlier.

When Kakarla shows up, he realizes that Mallikarjuna is still alive, but the latter disappears. Prabhu and other people take the patients out of the hospital. Kakarla, his wife, and Shruthi get stuck in an elevator. Prabhu finds the bomb and manages to get out of the hospital so he can throw the bomb off the bridge into the water. The bomb explodes in the water. After Shruthi gets out of the elevator, a wounded Mallikarjuna breaks from the top and electrocutes Kakarla to death. Mallikarjuna dies because of blood loss. The film ends with the reunion of Prabhu and Shruthi. It is presumed that they got married.


Voice over


Prabhu Deva was roped in to portray the lead role after Shankar felt that he would do justice to the role. Dubbing voice for Prabhu Deva was provided by then struggling actor Vikram.[2] Madhuri Dixit was originally considered as the lead actress. Busy schedules meant that Nagma was chosen for the lead role.[3] The set resembling that of Natyanjali dance school was built at Pondicherry.[3] The song "Urvasi" was shot near the SPIC building in Guindy.[4]


The background music score and the soundtrack were composed by A. R. Rahman. The soundtrack, released as Kadhalan: The Original Motion Picture Soundtrack, features 9 songs composed by Rahman, with lyrics written by Vaali, Vairamuthu and S. Shankar who penned the Pettai Rap number. While the entire soundtrack was well received commercially and critically by reviewers, one song Mukkabla became recognised on a national level, becoming one of the most recognisable Tamil songs in history. The song was plagiarised freely by Bollywood's tunesmiths and nearly a dozen versions of the song were churned out, a feat that earned Mukkabla and Rahman a place in the Limca Book of Records.[5] New styles were experimented with, as in the song "Pettai Rap", a Madras bashai song which was written in a rap-like style, interspersing Tamil with English words. This song was penned by ace director S.Shankar. The synthesiser and the keyboard also feature while drawing from Tamil folk music. Playback singer Unnikrishnan made his singing debut with the song "Ennavale Ennavale" and the song was composed in Kedaram raga.[6]

The Hindi version of the soundtrack, Humse Hai Muqabala, sold 2.5 million units in India.[7] The song "Urvasi Urvasi" inspired the 2014 song "It's My Birthday" by American rapper[8][9]


Malini Mannath of The Indian Express said, "[Kadhalan] is better than expected, and will appeal to the college crowd."[10] K. Vijiyin of New Straits Times said, "Sadly, the love story is not all that endearing as it is eclipsed by the dance songs."[11] The film then went on to win four National Film Awards in 1994, securing a recognition for the soundtrack and three technical awards. P. Unnikrishnan won the Best Male Playback Singer with his first ever song in Tamil films for "Ennavale Ennavale". Meanwhile, A. S. Laxmi Narayanan and V. S. Murthy won an award for Best Audiography, B. Lenin and V. T. Vijayan for Best Editing while Venky picked up an award for Best Special Effects.


Congress MP R. Anbarasu expressed ban on the film alleging the negative portrayal of the governor.[12]


The song "Urvasi Urvasi" inspired the title of Rajsirpy's 1996 film Take It Easy Urvasi.[13] Furthermore, the gibberish line "Jil Jung Juk" which was spoken by Vadivelu in the film inspired the title of a film of the same name, released in 2016.[14][15] It was remade in Hindi as a single, Urvashi in 2018, sung and composed by Yo Yo Honey Singh, and features Shahid Kapoor and Kiara Advani.


  1. ^ "Kadalan". The Indian Express. 17 September 1994. p. 4.
  2. ^ Ramanan, V. V. (5 July 2014). "Cinema Quiz". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 1 February 2015. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
  3. ^ a b Dhananjayan 2014, p. 332.
  4. ^
  5. ^ Gopal Srinivasan. "The Complete Biography of A.R.Rahman – The A.R.Rahman Page". Retrieved 1 June 2014.
  6. ^ "Mood enhancers - The Hindu". The Hindu. Retrieved 31 October 2015.
  7. ^ "Music Hits 1990-1999 (Figures in Units)". Box Office India. 2 January 2010. Archived from the original on 2 January 2010.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  8. ^ "A R Rahman collaborates with on Urvashi song remake – The Times of India". 22 May 2014. Retrieved 1 June 2014.
  9. ^ "Humse Hai Muqabala : Lyrics and video of Songs from the Movie Humse Hai Muqabala (1994)". 26 May 2014. Retrieved 1 June 2014.
  10. ^ Mannath, Malini (30 September 1994). "Better than expected". The Indian Express. p. 6.
  11. ^ Vijiyin, K. (1 October 1994). "Love story eclipsed by the dance songs". New Straits Times. p. 15.
  12. ^ "Cong MP moves HC to ban Kaadalan". The Indian Express. 9 November 1994. p. 4.
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^

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