S. M. Subbaiah Naidu

Subburayulu Munuswami Subbaiah Naidu (a.k.a. SMS) (15 March 1914 – 26 May 1979) was an Indian composer, conductor, and orchestrator. He was one of the oldest music directors. He worked as an in-house music composer for Central Studios and Pakshiraja Studios and well associated with S. M. Sriramulu Naidu. SMS also worked with many films under Jupiter Pictures banner and a favorite of M. G. Ramachandran.

S. M. Subbaiah Naidu
Born
Subburayulu Munuswami Subbaiah Naidu[1]

(1914-03-15)15 March 1914
Died26 May 1979(1979-05-26) (aged 65)
Other namesSMS[2]
Occupationmusic composer
Years active1942–1978

Early lifeEdit

Born in 1914 in Kadaiyanallur, Subburayalu Munusami Subbiah Naidu had an unhappy childhood. He ran away from home with dreams of finding his fortune in Singapore, but ended up working in drama troupes such as those of Jagannatha Aiyer and Nawab Rajamanickam Pillai. Finding himself drawn more to music than acting, SMS learned music from masters such as Rajagopala Iyengar and Subramaniya Bagavathar. When the company's play Baktha Ramadas was made into a movie, SMS worked on the music for the movie as well.[3]

Career lifeEdit

He is fondly known as "Sangeethayya" in the south Indian film industries. He somehow had never changed his trend of composing much from the beginning days. He is well versed in the Indian music but never showed interest in Western tunes and music.

SMS worked jointly with other composers on a few movies in the early 1940s. He then composed music for the first movie in which MGR played the hero Rajakumaari in 1947. All through the 1950s, SMS continued to compose memorable songs in the movies that came his way. Films such as Ezhai Padum Padu (1950), Kanchana (1952) and Malaikkallan (1954) helped him to consolidate his place among the front-ranking composers of the decade. There were also Thirumanam, Maragadham, Nadodi Mannan and the magnificent classic Konjum Salangai.

While he was composing music for Rajakumaari at Central Studious, SMS made the acquaintance of the hero MGR. This laid the basis for a lifelong friendship between the two, which was further strengthened during the making of Marma Yogi and Malaikkallan. When MGR turned producer and director with Nadodi Mannan, he invited SMS to compose the songs, along with N.S. Balakrishnan who had composed 2 songs. Later, when the fortunes of SMS were on the decline in the 1960s, MGR secured for his friend a few opportunities such as Thaayin Madiyil, Aasai Mugam and Thalaivan.[4]

As the 1960s progressed, SMS engaged in a few projects towards the end of the 1960s such as Naam Moovar, Raja Veetu Pillai, Uyir Mel Aasai, Sabash Thambi, Panakkara Pillai, Naalum Therindhavan, Chakkaram and Mannippu.

In the 1970s, opportunities were few and far between Snegithi, Vairakiyam, Therottam and Thanga Gopuram.

His contribution is invaluable. Not only he is a composer, but also very good conductor, orchestrator, and what not. He is considered as O. P. Nayyar of South India. His tunes were very catchy and his songs instant hits. He has made J. P. Chandrababu a great singer in the song Kunguma Poove Konjum Puraave. He would leave no stone unturned to bring the best of his singers. Till date, the best of S. Janaki is Singaara Velane Deva which was composed by him. He innovated the concept of voice with Nadaswaram.

He worked with singers like C. S. Jayaraman, T. M. Soundararajan, Ghantalasa, A. M. Rajah, Thiruchi Loganathan, Seerkazhi Govindarajan, V. N. Sundharam, T. A. Mothi, P. B. Sreenivas, S. C. Krishnan, A. L. Raghavan, M. L. Vasanthakumari, P. A. Periyanayaki, P. Leela, Jikki, P. Susheela, T. V. Rathinam, K. V. Janaki, A. P. Komala, K. Jamuna Rani, Radha Jayalakshmi, Soolamangalam Rajalakshmi, S. Janaki and L. R. Eswari.

The singing actors P. U. Chinnappa, C. Honnappa Bhagavathar, N. C. Vasanthakokilam, U. R. Jeevarathinam, T. R. Rajakumari, K. R. Ramaswamy, Chittor V. Nagaiah, N. S. Krishnan, T. A. Madhuram, P. Bhanumathi, S. Varalakshmi and J. P. Chandrababu also sang memorable songs under his compositions.

TriviaEdit

  • In 1947, SMS was the first music composer in Tamil film industry who had introduced playback singing for Rajakumari. Thiruchi Loganathan sang "Kasinimel Nangal", a playback song for M. N. Nambiar. It is notable that it is MGR's first movie as a hero.
  • In 1948 under SMS's composition, Kannadasan wrote his first song "Kalangathiru Manamey Un Kanavellan Nanavagum Oru Dinamey" for Kanniyin Kathali sung by K. V. Janaki. The film was released in 1949.
  • His all-purpose assistant, M. S. Viswanathan at Jupiter Pictures later became the musician of Tamil films. As his assistant, M. S. Viswanathan practised composing tunes when SMS was not around.[5] When MGR was the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, M. S. Viswanathan had organised a programme to honour his "master" SMS. SMS was a very close friend of MGR.
  • He featured in a role as a doctor in Malaikkallan that won the National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Tamil.
  • He had composed a few songs for Thirudadhe and was working on setting the tune for a duet when producer AL. Srinivasan made him listen to a song En Aruge Nee Irundhaal sung by P. B. Sreenivas & P. Susheela. The song had been composed by Viswanathan–Ramamoorthy for an earlier project and had remained unused. AL. Srinivasan suggested that the song be included in the movie. Seeing that it was by his protégé M. S. Viswanathan, SMS readily agreed, and thus the song featured with the credit once again going to SMS.[6]
  • M. S. Viswanathan and Kannadasan, who have acknowledged many a time the crucial role played by SMS in shaping their career, organized a grand function to celebrate the 60th birthday of the master composer. In the function graced by MGR and Sivaji Ganesan, a cash award was presented to SMS as a token of his contribution to Tamil cinema.[7]
  • M. S. Viswanathan brought the childless SMS and his wife to his house and attended to their every need with solicitude until each of their end.

WorksEdit

Some compositions of S. M. Subbaiah Naidu, include

FilmographyEdit

Year Film Language Director Banner Co-Music Directors
1946 Sri Murugan Tamil M. Somasundaram Jupiter Pictures S. V. Venkatraman
1947 Kundalakesi Tamil Bomman D. Irani K. S. S. Pictures G. Ramanathan
1947 Rajakumari Tamil A. S. A. Sami Jupiter Pictures
1947 Kanjan Tamil Kovai C. Aiyamuthu & T. R. Gopu Jupiter Pictures
1948 Abhimanyu Tamil M. Somasundaram & A. Kasilingam Jupiter Pictures C. R. Subburaman
1948 Mohini Tamil Lanka Sathiyam Jupiter Pictures C. R. Subburaman
1949 Velaikaari Tamil A. S. A. Sami Jupiter Pictures C. R. Subburaman
1949 Kanniyin Kaadhali Tamil K. Ramnoth Jupiter Pictures C. R. Subburaman
1950 Krishna Vijayam Tamil M. Somasundaram Jupiter Pictures C. S. Jayaraman
1950 Digambara Samiyar Tamil T. R. Sundaram Modern Theatres G. Ramanathan
1950 Ezhai Padum Padu Tamil S. M. Sriramulu Naidu Pakshiraja Studios
1950 Beedala Paatlu Telugu S. M. Sriramulu Naidu Pakshiraja Studios
1951 Marma Yogi Tamil K. Ramnoth Jupiter Pictures C. R. Subburaman
1951 Rakthabandham Malayalam M. R. Vittal S. N. Ranganathan
1952 Kanchana Tamil S. M. Sriramulu Naidu Pakshiraja Studios
1952 Kanchana Telugu S. M. Sriramulu Naidu Pakshiraja Studios
1952 Kanjana Malayalam S. M. Sriramulu Naidu Pakshiraja Studios
1953 Ponni Tamil S. M. Sriramulu Naidu Pakshiraja Studios
1954 Malaikkallan Tamil S. M. Sriramulu Naidu Pakshiraja Studios
1954 Aggi Ramudu Telugu S. M. Sriramulu Naidu Pakshiraja Studios
1956 Vaazhvile Oru Naal Tamil A. Kasilingam Mercury Films C. N. Pandurangan & T. G. Lingappa
1957 Bettada Kalla Kannada S. M. Sriramulu Naidu Pakshiraja Studios
1957 Surasena Sinhala S. M. Sriramulu Naidu Pakshiraja Studios
1957 Taskaraveeran Malayalam S. M. Sriramulu Naidu Pakshiraja Studios C. Ramchandra
1958 Aalai Kandu Mayangathe Tamil
1958 Annaiyin Aanai Tamil Ch. Narayana Murthy Paragon Pictures
1958 Nadodi Mannan Tamil M. G. Ramachandran Emgeeyar Pictures N. S. Balakrishnan
1958 Thirumanam Tamil A. Bhim Singh Valampuri Pictures Limited T. G. Lingappa
1959 Anaganaga Oka Raju Telugu M. G. Ramachandran Emgeeyar Pictures N. S. Balakrishnan
1959 Athisaya Penn Tamil M. V. Raman Raman Productions
1959 Maragadham Tamil S. M. Sriramulu Naidu Pakshiraja Studios
1959 Nalla Theerpu Tamil T. Prakash Rao Sri Productions
1960 Vimala Tamil S. M. Sriramulu Naidu Pakshiraja Studios
1961 Jebu Donga Telugu P. Neelakantan A.L.S. Productions
1961 Thirudadhe Tamil P. Neelakantan A.L.S. Productions
1961 Sabarimala Ayyappan Malayalam S. M. Sriramulu Naidu Pakshiraja Studios
1961 Sabarimala Ayyappan Tamil S. M. Sriramulu Naidu Pakshiraja Studios
1962 Konjum Salangai Tamil M. V. Raman Raman Productions
1962 Muripinche Muvvalu Telugu M. V. Raman Raman Productions
1963 Aayiram Kalathu Payir Tamil T. S. Durairaj T.S.D. Pictures
1963 Kalyaniyin Kanavan Tamil S. M. Sriramulu Naidu Pakshiraja Studios
1964 Thaayin Madiyil Tamil Adurthi Subba Rao Annai Films
1965 Aasai Mugam Tamil P. Pullaiah Mohan Productions
1966 Naam Moovar Tamil C. P. Jambulingham Balan Pictures
1967 Pandhayam Tamil A. Kasilingam M. K. Movies
1967 Raja Veetu Pillai Tamil Dada Mirasi Mohan Productions
1967 Sabash Thambi Tamil C. P. Jambulingham Balan Pictures
1967 Sundaramurthi Nayanar Tamil K. Somu Kandhasami Productions
1967 Uyir Mel Aasai Tamil C. P. Jambulingham Ayappan Productions
1968 Chakkaram Tamil A. Kasilingam Annai Films
1968 Muthu Chippi Tamil M. Krishnan Mohan Productions
1968 Naalum Therindhavan Tamil C. P. Jambulingham Sri Balajee Combines
1968 Panakkara Pillai Tamil C. P. Jambulingham Annai Films
1969 Aindhu Laksham Tamil G. Ramakrishnan Sudha Movies
1969 Mannippu Tamil M. Krishnan Mohan Productions
1969 Pennai Vazha Vidungal Tamil R. Devarajan Vijaya Chithra Films
1970 Thalaivan Tamil P. A. Thomas & Singhu Muthu Thomas Pictures
1970 Snegithi Tamil G. Ramakrishnan Sudha Movies
1970 Vairakiyam Tamil A. Kasilingam Annai Films
1971 Ilangeswaran Tamil V. T. Arasu Shasti Films
1971 Thanga Gopuram Tamil M. S. Solaimalai Mohan Pictures
1971 Therottam Tamil V. T. Arasu Shasti Films
1972 Bathilukku Bathil Tamil C. P. Jambulingham Balan Combines
1972 Jakkamma Tamil M. Karnan Vijaya Chitra Films
1973 Muthu Chippi Tamil M. Krishnan Mohan Productions
1975 Hotel Sorgam Tamil G. Ramakrishnan Sudha Movies
1976 Kula Gouravam Tamil Peketi Sivaram Balan Movies
1978 Kaviraja Kalamegam Tamil G. R. Nathan T.N.R. Productions

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ மணியன், பி.ஜி.எஸ். ""சங்கீத அய்யா" எஸ்.எம். சுப்பையா நாயுடு - 5". Thamizhstudio (in Tamil). Retrieved 30 May 2019.
  2. ^ "எஸ்.எம்.சுப்பையா ±என்னும் எஸ்.எம்.எஸ்.,நாயுடு". Thinakaran. 26 August 2014. Retrieved 30 May 2019.
  3. ^ Saravanan Natarajan (3 February 2018). "மலர்ந்தும் மலராதவை # 20". Dhool. Retrieved 30 October 2018.
  4. ^ Saravanan Natarajan (3 February 2018). "மலர்ந்தும் மலராதவை # 20". Dhool. Retrieved 30 October 2018.
  5. ^ http://www.hindu.com/fr/2004/04/16/stories/2004041601730600.htm
  6. ^ Saravanan Natarajan (3 February 2018). "மலர்ந்தும் மலராதவை # 20". Dhool. Retrieved 30 October 2018.
  7. ^ Saravanan Natarajan (3 February 2018). "மலர்ந்தும் மலராதவை # 20". Dhool. Retrieved 30 October 2018.

External linksEdit