Guide (film)

Guide, also known as The Guide, is a 1965 Indian Hindi-language romantic drama film directed by Vijay Anand and produced by Dev Anand, who co-starred in the film with Waheeda Rehman. Based on R. K. Narayan's 1958 novel The Guide, the film narrates the story of the freelance guide Raju (Anand) and his meeting with Rosie (Rehman), who is the wife of a wealthy archaeologist.[3]

Guide
Guide 1965 film poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byVijay Anand
Written byVijay Anand
Based onThe Guide
by R. K. Narayan
Produced byDev Anand
Starring
CinematographyFali Mistry
Edited by
  • Vijay Anand
  • Babu Sheikh
Music byS. D. Burman
Production
company
Release dates
  • February 1965 (1965-02) (United States)
  • 2 April 1966 (1966-04-02) (India)
[1]
Running time
183 minutes
CountriesIndia
United States
LanguagesEnglish
Hindi
Budget6 million[2]

A 120-minute U.S. version titled The Guide was written by Pearl S. Buck and directed and produced by Tad Danielewski.[4][5] The film was screened at the 2007 Cannes Film Festival, 42 years after its release.[6][7]

Guide was a highly successful film at the box-office upon release,[8] and later achieved a cult following; it has since been deemed one of the best Bollywood films produced of all time. It received high critical acclaim, particularly for the performances of Anand and Rehman, as well as the score by S. D. Burman. Guide earned several accolades: at the 14th Filmfare Awards, it won for Best Film, Best Actor, Best Actress, Best Director, Best Dialogue, Best Story and Best Cinematography. It was entered for Best Foreign Language Film at the 38th Academy Awards, but it was not accepted as a nominee. In 2012, Time magazine listed it at #4 on its list of "Best Bollywood Classics".[9]

PlotEdit

Raju is released from jail. Raju is freelance guide who earns his living by taking tourists to historic sites. One day, wealthy archaeologist Marco comes to the city with his young wife Rosie, the daughter of a courtesan. Marco wants to do some research on the caves outside the city and hires Raju as his guide.

While Marco devotes himself to the discovery of the cave, Raju takes Rosie on a tour and appreciates her dancing ability and innocence. He learns about Rosie's background as a daughter of a courtesan and how Rosie has achieved respectability as the wife of Marco but at a terrible cost. She had to give up her passion for dancing as it was unacceptable to Marco. Rosie tries to commit suicide by consuming poison. Marco, upon learning of the incident, returns to see Rosie and is furious with her. He tells her that her suicide attempt was for dramatic purposes; if it had been serious, she would have consumed more sleeping pills to ensure her death. Upon returning to the caves, Rosie learns that Marco is enjoying the company of a native tribal girl. She is enraged at Marco and they argue. Rosie leaves the caves, and she once again wants to end her life.

Raju calms her down by saying that committing suicide is a sin and that she should live to pursue her dream. With Rosie needing a home, Raju gives her shelter. Rosie is considered a prostitute by Raju's community, which leads to many problems, and his mother and her brother insist that Rosie be kicked out. Raju refuses and his mother leaves him, and his friend and driver also disagree with him. Raju loses his business and the town turns against him. Undeterred by these setbacks, Raju helps Rosie embark on a singing and dancing career, and as she becomes a star, Raju indulges in gambling and drinking.

Marco returns, trying to win back Rosie. His agent asks her to release some jewelry from a safe deposit box. Raju, a bit jealous, does not want Marco to have any contact with Rosie and forges her name on the release of the jewels. Rosie, now believing that a man should not live on a woman's earnings, treats Raju coldly and they drift apart. Raju tells her that it was only with his help that she became famous.

Rosie learns of the forgery release and Raju is convicted, resulting in a two-year sentence. On the day of his release, his mother and Rosie come to collect him, but they are told that he had been released six months ago because of good behaviour. Raju wanders alone in despair and poverty until he finds a wandering group of sadhus with whom he spends a night at a derelict temple in a small town. Raju manages to talk to a woman brought by Bhola into marrying the guy Bhola is suggesting, and convinces Bhola that he is a swami, and Bhola spreads the news throughout the village. Raju assumes the role of village holy man and engages in skirmishes with the local pandits. During a drought, Raju fasts for 12 days to bring rain. His mother, friend and Rosie unite with him and reconcile. The rain comes but Raju dies.

CastEdit

ProductionEdit

Dev Anand was approached by American director Tad Danielewski and writer Pearl Buck for an American film based on the 1958 novel The Guide by R. K. Narayan. Anand declined at first, but agreed to collaborate with Danielewski when he met him again at the 1962 Berlin Film Festival. Anand read the novel and contacted Buck, who invited him to the United States to discuss the project. He then reached Narayan to procure the rights to the book.[10]

The Indian and American production teams clashed, causing Anand to postpone the Hindi version, thereby freeing Chetan Anand to direct the highly acclaimed Haqeeqat (1964).

Raj Khosla was to direct the Hindi version and Waheeda Rehman was the first choice to play Rosie. However, Rehman did not wish to work with Khosla following a misunderstanding between the two on the sets of Solva Saal. Anand then approached Saira Banu to play the lead, who declined.[11] Vyjayanthimala was considered, but was rejected by Danielewski.[12] Khosla then abandoned the project, thereby presenting an opportunity for Vijay Anand to step in, and the film would prove to be a landmark achievement in his career and the Hindi film industry.[10][13] Following his appointment, Rehman returned to the project. Buck tutored her on her diction for the English part.

The sequence featuring the song "Aaj Phir Jeene Ki Tamanna Hai" was shot in the Chittor Fort in Rajasthan.[6] The film's climax was shot in the town of Limbdi, 90 km from Ahmedabad on the Bhogavo River.[14]

MusicEdit

Guide
Soundtrack album by
Released1965 (India)
Recorded1964
GenreFilm soundtrack
Length38:01
LabelThe Gramophone Company of India (Private) Limited
ProducerSachin Dev Burman
Sachin Dev Burman chronology
Ziddi
(1964)
Guide
(1965)
Teen Devian
(1965)

The film's music was composed by Sachin Dev Burman, written by Shailendra and sung by Kishore Kumar, Mohammed Rafi, Lata Mangeshkar, Manna Dey and Sachin Dev Burman. The soundtrack was listed by Planet Bollywood as #11 on their list of 100 Greatest Bollywood Soundtracks.[15]

Song Singer(s) Picturized on
"Aaj Phir Jeene Ki Tamanna Hai" Lata Mangeshkar Dev Anand & Waheeda Rehman
"Din Dhal Jaaye" Mohammed Rafi Dev Anand & Waheeda Rehman
"Gaata Rahe Mera Dil" Kishore Kumar & Lata Mangeshkar Dev Anand & Waheeda Rehman
"Kya Se Kya Ho Gaya" Mohammed Rafi Dev Anand & Waheeda Rehman
"Piya Tose Naina Laage Re" Lata Mangeshkar Waheeda Rehman
"Saiyaan Beimaan" Lata Mangeshkar Dev Anand & Waheeda Rehman
"Tere Mere Sapne" Mohammed Rafi Dev Anand & Waheeda Rehman
"Wahan Kaun Hai Tera" Sachin Dev Burman Dev Anand
"He Ram Hamare Ramchandra" Manna Dey & Chorus Dev Anand
"Allah Megh De Paani De" Sachin Dev Burman Dev Anand

Rafi had originally recorded a song called "Hum Hi Mein Thi Na Koi Baat, Yaad Na Tumko Aa Sake, Tumne Hume Bhula Diya, Hum Na Tumko Bhula Sake", but later this song was replaced by "Din Dhal Jaaye".

ReceptionEdit

Author R. K. Narayan disliked the film adaptation of his novel. Reviewing the English version of the film for the magazine Life, he called it "The Misguided Guide."[16]

In a review of the American release in The New York Times, critic Bosley Crowther praised the cinematography as "... a succession of colorful views of sightseeing spots, busy cities, temples, dusty landscapes and crowds," but lamented that "... the development of the narrative continuity is so erratic and frequently slurred–so clumsy and artless, to be plain-spoken–that both story and emotion are vague."[4]

AccoladesEdit

The film was selected as the Indian entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 38th Academy Awards, but was not accepted as a nominee.[17]

Guide received a leading 9 nominations at the 14th Filmfare Awards and won 7 awards, becoming the most-awarded film at the ceremony. Guide was also the first film to win all 4 major awards: Best Film, Best Director, Best Actor and Best Actress.[citation needed]

The ceremony also proved to be controversial, as S. D. Burman, who was nominated for Best Music and Lata Mangeshkar, who was nominated for Best Playback Singer for "Aaj Phir Jeene Ki Tamanna Hai", both lost their respective awards to Shankar-Jaikishan and Mohammed Rafi (for "Baharon Phool Barsao"), both for Suraj, despite being highly favored for winning in their respective categories.

Year Award Category Recipient Result
1967 BFJA Awards Best Music Director (Hindi) S. D. Burman Won
1965 Chicago International Film Festival Gold Hugo Vijay Anand Nominated
1967 Filmfare Awards Best Film Dev Anand Won
Best Director Vijay Anand
Best Actor Dev Anand
Best Actress Waheeda Rehman
Best Music Director S. D. Burman Nominated
Best Playback Singer Lata Mangeshkar (For "Aaj Phir Jeene Ki Tamanna Hai")
Best Story R. K. Narayan Won
Best Dialogue Vijay Anand
Best Cinematography (Color) Fali Mistry

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Vittal, Balaji; Bhattacharjee, Anirudha (10 October 2018). "Journey of the 'Guide'". The Hindu. Retrieved 1 February 2021.
  2. ^ Unny, Divya (16 March 2014). "B-Town rewind: The tale of the first Bollywood crore". Mid-Day. Archived from the original on 16 March 2014. Retrieved 1 February 2021.
  3. ^ "Guide; a human odyssey". Retrieved 24 June 2015.
  4. ^ a b Crowther, Bosley (10 February 1965). "Screen: A Tale of Romance in India". The New York Times. p. 44.
  5. ^ "Tad Danielewski Filmography". Fandango.com. 29 March 1921. Retrieved 3 August 2011.
  6. ^ a b Gitanjali Roy (1 May 2013). "8 things you didn't know about Guide". NDTV Movies. Retrieved 3 May 2013.
  7. ^ "Ode to Guide: Celebrating Dev Anand's 97th birth anniversary with his greatest movie". 26 September 2020.
  8. ^ "BoxOfficeIndia Top Earners 1960-1969 (Figures in Indian rupees)". Retrieved 24 June 2015.
  9. ^ Corliss, Richard (27 October 2010), "Guide - 1965 - Best of Bollywood", Time.com, archived from the original on 30 October 2010, retrieved 31 July 2012
  10. ^ a b Anand, Dev (2007). Romancing with Life - an autobiography. Penguin Viking. pp. 182–184. ISBN 978-0-670-08124-0.
  11. ^ "'This serial is my tribute to my mother'".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  12. ^ "Goldie: Guide for new filmmakers".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  13. ^ Suresh Kohli (4 October 2008). "Blast From The Past: Guide 1965". The Hindu. Chennai, India. Archived from the original on 29 June 2013. Retrieved 27 April 2013.
  14. ^ "We hunted for a firang for Dev sahab in 5 hrs". Pune Mirror. 6 December 2011. Retrieved 18 December 2013.
  15. ^ "100 Greatest Bollywood Soundtracks Ever-Part 4". Planet Bollywood. Retrieved 7 March 2011.
  16. ^ Guy, Randor (26 July 2001). "A flood of fond memories". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 3 May 2017. Retrieved 28 April 2017.
  17. ^ Margaret Herrick Library, Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit