List of Indian submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film
India has submitted films for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film since 1957, a year after the incorporation of the category. The award is given annually by the United States Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to a feature-length motion picture produced outside the United States that contains primarily non-English dialogue. The "Best Foreign Language Film" category was not created until 1956; however, between 1947 and 1955, the Academy presented a non-competitive Honorary Award for the best foreign language films released in the United States.
The Film Federation of India (FFI) appoints a committee to choose one film among those released that year to be submitted as India's official entry to the Academy for a nomination for "Best Foreign Language Film" the following year. The chosen films, along with their English subtitles, are sent to the Academy, where they are screened for the jury. The 1957 Hindi film Mother India was India's first submission. The film made it to the final shortlist and was nominated alongside four other films in the category. It came close to winning the Academy Award but lost to Nights of Cabiria by a single vote. Since 1984, India has not submitted a film on only one occasion; in 2003, the FFI controversially chose not make an entry as they felt no film would be in a position to compete with films from other nations. As of 2014[update], only three Indian films—Mother India (1957), Salaam Bombay! (1988) and Lagaan (2001)—have been nominated for the Academy Award for "Best Foreign Language Film". In 2011, the jury of the 58th National Film Awards made a recommendation that films winning Best Film at the annual National Film Awards should be the official entry. However, over the next three years, none of the "Best Film" winners was chosen as the official entry. For the 88th Academy Awards, Court, the "Best Film" winner at the 62nd National Film Awards, was submitted by India.
India has sent more than fifty films to the competition. Most of India's submissions were Hindi films (including Hindi-Urdu films), three of which received nominations. Tamil films were submitted by the committee on nine occasions. Three submissions were Marathi films, two were Bengali films, two Malayalam films, one Telugu film, one Gujarati film and one Assamese film.
Bengali filmmaker Satyajit Ray has represented India three times in this competition, the most by any director. Tamil actor Kamal Haasan has most often represented the country as a performer, with seven films submitted—including three consecutive films between 1985 and 1987, one of which he directed himself. Aamir Khan has represented India four times as an actor, including once as a director and thrice as a producer; Lagaan (2001), which he produced and starred in, received a nomination.
|Film title used in nomination||Original title||Language||Director(s)||Result|
|Mother India||Mother India (मदर इंडिया)||Hindi-Urdu||Mehboob Khan||Nominated[Note 1]|
|Madhumati||Madhumati (मधुमती)||Hindi-Urdu||Bimal Roy||Not Nominated|
|The World of Apu||Apur sansār (অপুর সংসার)||Bengali||Satyajit Ray||Not Nominated|
|Sahib Bibi Aur Ghulam||Sahib Bibi Aur Ghulam (साहिब बीबी और ग़ुलाम)||Hindi
|Abrar Alvi||Not Nominated|
|Metropolis||Mahanagar (মহানগর)||Bengali||Satyajit Ray||Not Nominated|
|The Guide||Guide (गाइड)||Hindi||Vijay Anand||Not Nominated|
|Amrapali||Amrapali (अम्रपल्ली)||Hindi||Lekh Tandon||Not Nominated|
|The Last Letter||Aakhri Khat (आखरी ख़त)||Hindi||Chetan Anand||Not Nominated|
|Elder Sister||Majhli Didi (मझली दीदी)||Hindi||Hrishikesh Mukherjee||Not Nominated|
|Deiva Magan||Deiva Magan (தெய்வ மகன்)||Tamil||A. C. Tirulokchandar||Not Nominated|
|Reshma Aur Shera||Reshma Aur Shera (रेशमा और शेरा)||Hindi||Sunil Dutt||Not Nominated|
|Uphaar||Uphaar (उपहार)||Hindi||Sudhendu Roy||Not Nominated|
|Saudagar||Saudagar (सौदागर)||Hindi||Sudhendu Roy||Not Nominated|
|Hot Winds||Garam Hawa (गरम हवा)||Urdu||M. S. Sathyu||Not Nominated|
|Manthan||Manthan (मंथन)||Hindi||Shyam Benegal||Not Nominated|
|The Chess Players||Shatranj Ke Khilari (शतरंज के खिलाड़ी)||Hindi
|Satyajit Ray||Not Nominated|
|Payal Ki Jhankaar||Payal Ki Jhankaar (पायल की झंकार)||Hindi||Satyen Bose||Not Nominated|
|Saaransh||Saaransh (सारांश)||Hindi||Mahesh Bhatt||Not Nominated|
|Saagar||Saagar (सागर)||Hindi||Ramesh Sippy||Not Nominated|
|Swati Mutyam||Swati Mutyam (స్వాతి ముత్యం)||Telugu||Kasinadhuni Viswanath||Not Nominated|
|Nayakan||Nayakan (நாயகன்)||Tamil||Mani Ratnam||Not Nominated|
|Salaam Bombay!||Salaam Bombay! (सलाम बॉम्बे)||Hindi||Mira Nair||Nominated[Note 2]|
|Parinda||Parinda (परिंदा)||Hindi||Vidhu Vinod Chopra||Not Nominated|
|Anjali||Anjali (அஞ்சலி)||Tamil||Mani Ratnam||Not Nominated|
|Randhir Kapoor||Not Nominated|
|Thevar Magan||Thevar Magan (தேவர் மகன்)||Tamil||Bharathan||Not Nominated|
|Rudaali||Rudaali (रुदाली)||Hindi||Kalpana Lajmi||Not Nominated|
|Bandit Queen||Bandit Queen (बैंडिट क्वीन)||Hindi||Shekhar Kapur||Not Nominated|
|Kuruthipunal||Kuruthipunal (குருதிப்புனல்)||Tamil||P. C. Sreeram||Not Nominated|
|Indian||Indian (இந்தியன்)||Tamil||S. Shankar||Not Nominated|
|Guru||Guru (ഗുരു)||Malayalam||Rajiv Anchal||Not Nominated|
|Jeans||Jeans (ஜீன்ஸ்)||Tamil||S. Shankar||Not Nominated|
|Earth||Earth (अर्थ)||Hindi||Deepa Mehta||Not Nominated|
|Hey Ram||Hey Ram (ஹே ராம் हे राम)||Tamil
|Kamal Haasan||Not Nominated|
|Ashutosh Gowariker||Nominated[Note 3]|
|Devdas||Devdas (देवदास)||Hindi||Sanjay Leela Bhansali||Not Nominated|
|The Breath||Shwaas (श्वास)||Marathi||Sandeep Sawant||Not Nominated|
|Riddle||Paheli (पहेली)||Hindi||Amol Palekar||Not Nominated[Note 4]|
|Rang De Basanti||Rang De Basanti (रंग दे बसंती)||Hindi||Rakeysh Omprakash Mehra||Not Nominated[Note 5]|
|Eklavya: The Royal Guard||Eklavya: The Royal Guard (एकलव्य – दी रॉयल गार्ड)||Hindi||Vidhu Vinod Chopra||Not Nominated|
|Like Stars on Earth||Taare Zameen Par (तारे ज़मीन पर)||Hindi||Aamir Khan||Not Nominated|
|Harishchandra's Factory||Harishchandrachi Factory (हरिश्चंद्राची फॅक्टरी)||Marathi||Paresh Mokashi||Not Nominated|
|Peepli Live||Peepli Live (लाइव)||Hindi||Anusha Rizvi||Not Nominated|
|Abu, Son of Adam||Adaminte Makan Abu (ആദാമിന്റെ മകൻ അബു)||Malayalam||Salim Ahamed||Not Nominated|
|Barfi!||Barfi! (बर्फी!)||Hindi||Anurag Basu||Not Nominated|
|The Good Road||The Good Road (ધી ગુડ રોડ)||Gujarati||Gyan Correa||Not Nominated|
|Liar's Dice||Liar's Dice||Hindi||Geetu Mohandas||Not Nominated|
|Court||Court||Marathi||Chaitanya Tamhane||Not Nominated|
|Interrogation||Visaranai (விசாரணை)||Tamil||Vetrimaaran||Not Nominated|
|Newton||Newton||Hindi||Amit V Masurkar||Not Nominated|
|Village Rockstars||Village Rockstars||Assamese||Rima Das||Not Nominated|
- The film lost to the Italian film Nights of Cabiria by one vote.
- The film, India's second accepted nomination in 31 years, lost to the Danish film Pelle the Conqueror.
- The film, being India's last accepted nomination to date, lost to the Bosnian film No Man's Land.
- Morning Raga, an English-Telugu film released during the same year, was submitted as an independent entry by its producers; neither film received the nomination.
- Lage Raho Munna Bhai, a Hindi film released during the same year, was submitted as an independent entry; neither film received the nomination.
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most of the writers working in this so-called Hindi cinema write in Urdu: Gulzar, or Rajinder Singh Bedi or Inder Raj Anand or Rahi Masoom Raza or Vahajat Mirza, who wrote dialogue for films like Mughal-e-Azam and Gunga Jumna and Mother India. So most dialogue-writers and most song-writers are from the Urdu discipline, even today.
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