List of culinary fruits

  (Redirected from Culinary fruit)

This list contains the names of fruits that are considered edible either raw or in some cuisines. The word "fruit" is used in several different ways.[1] The definition of fruit for this list is a culinary fruit, i.e. "Any sweet, edible part of a plant that resembles fruit, even if it does not develop from a floral ovary; also used in a technically imprecise sense for some sweet or semi-sweet vegetables, some of which may resemble a true fruit or are used in cookery as if they were a fruit, for example rhubarb."[2][3] Many edible plant parts that are true fruits botanically speaking, are not considered culinary fruits. They are classified as vegetables in the culinary sense (for example: the tomato, zucchini, and so on), and hence they do not appear in this list. Similarly, some botanical fruits are classified as nuts (e.g. brazil nut), and do not appear here either. Even so, this list is otherwise organized botanically.

Various fruits for sale at a grocery store

PomesEdit

 
A basket full of apples
 
Different pear varieties

Pomes include any crunchy accessory fruit that surrounds the fruit's inedible "core" (composed of the plant's endocarp) and typically has its seeds arranged in a star-like pattern.

Common name Species name Cultivar list
Apple Malus pumila Apple cultivars
Chinese quince Pseudocydonia sinensis
Chokeberry Aronia melanocarpa
Cocky apple Planchonia careya
Eastern mayhaw Crataegus aestivalis
Hawthorn Crataegus rhipidophylla
Jagua Genipa americana
Loquat Eriobotrya japonica
Lovi-lovi Flacourtia inermis
Medlar Mespilus germanica
Niedzwetzky's apple Malus niedzwetzkyana
Pear Pyrus communis Pear cultivars
Quince Cydonia oblonga
Ramontchi Flacourtia indica
Rowan Sorbus aucuparia
Sapodilla Manilkara zapota
Saskatoon Amelanchier alnifolia
Scarlet firethorn Pyracantha coccinea
Shipova × Sorbopyrus irregularis
Sorb Sorbus domestica
Southern crabapple Malus angustifolia
Toyon Heteromeles arbutifolia

DrupesEdit

 
The coconut is a drupe
 
Ways to slice a mango

Drupes represent any fruit that has only one seed (or "stone") or one hard capsule containing seeds.

Common name Species name Cultivar list
Açaí Euterpe oleracea
Acerola Malpighia emarginata
African mango Irvingia gabonensis
African mangosteen Garcinia livingstonei
African oil palm fruit Elaeis guineensis
Alaskan bunchberry Cornus × unalaschkensis
Amazon grape Pourouma cecropiifolia
Ambarella Spondias dulcis
American oil palm fruit Elaeis oleifera
American plum Prunus americana
Apricot Prunus armeniaca
Bambangan Mangifera pajang
Beach plum Prunus maritima
Bignay Antidesma bunius
Binjai Mangifera caesia
Black cherry Prunus serotina
Blue guarri Euclea crispa
Bolivian mountain coconut Parajubaea torallyi
Brush cherry Syzygium australe
Burdekin plum Pleiogynium timoriense
Bush butter fruit Dacryodes edulis
Calamus erectus Calamus erectus
Calligonum junceum Calligonum junceum
Canadian bunchberry Cornus canadensis
Casimiroa Casimiroa edulis
Cedar Bay cherry Eugenia reinwardtiana
Changunga Byrsonima crassifolia
Cherry Prunus avium
Cherry elaeagnus Elaeagnus multiflora
Cherry of the Rio Grande Eugenia involucrata
Chinese date Ziziphus mauritiana
Choke cherry Prunus virginiana
Coarse dodder-laurel fruit Cassytha melantha
Cocoplum Chrysobalanus icaco
Coconut Cocos nucifera
Cornelian cherry Cornus mas
Country-almond Terminalia catappa
Creek plum Prunus rivularis
Crowberry Empetrum nigrum
Curry berry Murraya koenigii
Damson Prunus domestica subsp. insititia
Date Phoenix dactylifera
Desert quandong Santalum acuminatum
Emblic Phyllanthus emblica
Emu apple Owenia acidula
Engkala Litsea garciae
Fibrous satinash Syzygium fibrosum
Flatwoods plum Prunus umbellata
Gomortega Gomortega keule
Greengage Prunus domestica subsp. italica
Green plum Buchanania obovata
Guavaberry Myrciaria floribunda
Gubinge Terminalia ferdinandiana
Hackberry Celtis occidentalis
Hairless rambutan Nephelium xerospermoides
Jambolan Syzygium cumini
Japanese silverberry Elaeagnus umbellata
Jelly palm fruit Butia capitata
Jocote Spondias purpurea
Jujube Ziziphus jujuba
Kelsey plum Prunus salicina spp.
King coconut Cocos nucifera var. aurantiaca
Korlan Nephelium hypoleucum
Lemon aspen fruit Acronychia acidula
Little gooseberry Buchanania arborescens
Longan Dimocarpus Longan
Lychee Litchi chinensis
Malay rose apple Syzygium malaccense
Mamey sapote Pouteria sapota
Mango Mangifera indica Mango cultivars
Maprang Bouea macrophylla
Marula Sclerocarya birrea
Miracle fruit Synsepalum dulcificum
Moriche palm fruit Mauritia flexuosa
Muntrie Kunzea pomifera
Nannyberry Viburnum lentago
Nectarine Prunus persica var. nucipersica
Neem Azadirachta indica
Nepali hog plum Choerospondias axillaris
Nutmeg Myristica fragrans
Otaheite gooseberry Phyllanthus acidus
Peach Prunus persica
Peanut butter fruit Bunchosia glandulifera
Pequi Caryocar brasiliense
Phalsa Grewia asiatica
Pigeon plum Coccoloba diversifolia
Pili Canarium ovatum
Pitanga Eugenia uniflora
Plum Prunus domestica Plum cultivars
Pulasan Nephelium mutabile
Rambutan Nephelium lappaceum
Red bush apple Syzygium suborbiculare
Riberry Syzygium luehmannii
Sageretia Sageretia theezans
Sansapote Licania platypus
Savannah cherry Eugenia calycina
Saw palmetto fruit Serenoa repens
Sea coconut Lodoicea maldivica
Sea grape Coccoloba uvifera
Shoebutton ardisia Ardisia elliptica
Silver buffaloberry Shepherdia argentea
Sloe Prunus spinosa
Spanish cherry Mimusops elengi
Spanish lime Melicoccus bijugatus
Tamarind-plum Dialium indum
Velvet tamarind Dialium cochinchinense
Velvet tamarind Dialium guineense
Watery rose apple Syzygium aqueum
Wax apple Syzygium samarangense
White aspen berry Acronychia oblongifolia
Wild peach Terminalia carpentariae
Wongi Manilkara kauki
Yangmei Myrica rubra
Yellow mombin Spondias mombin
Yellow plum Ximenia americana
Zwetschge Prunus domestica subsp. domestica

Botanical berriesEdit

 
Bananas on grocery store shelves

Botanical berries represent any fruit that has a relatively thin exterior, with mostly flesh and more than one seed inside.

Common name Species name Cultivar list
Abiu Pouteria caimito
American black elderberry Sambucus canadensis
American persimmon Diospyros virginiana
American red elderberry Sambucus pubens
Apple berry Billardiera scandens
Arabian coffee Coffea arabica Coffee cultivars
Araza Eugenia stipitata
Babaco Vasconcellea × heilbornii
Banana Musa acuminata Banana cultivars
Barberry Berberis vulgaris
Bearberry Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
Bengal currant Carissa carandas
Bilberry Vaccinium myrtillus
Bilberry cactus fruit Myrtillocactus geometrizans
Black currant Ribes nigrum
Black sapote Diospyros nigra
Blueberry Vaccinium corymbosum
Bolwarra Eupomatia laurina
Brazil cherry Eugenia brasiliensis
Brazilian guava Psidium guineense
Burahol Stelechocarpus burahol
Cainito Chrysophyllum cainito
Calabur fruit Muntingia calabura
Camu camu Myrciaria dubia
Canistel Pouteria campechiana
Cape gooseberry Physalis peruviana
Cardón fruit Pachycereus pringlei
Cattley guava Psidium cattleyanum
Ceylon gooseberry Dovyalis hebecarpa
Chilean guava Ugni molinae
Conkerberry Carissa spinarum
Costa Rican guava Psidium friedrichsthalianum
Cranberry Vaccinium macrocarpon
Darwin's barberry Berberis darwinii
Date-plum Diospyros lotus
Davidson's plum Davidsonia jerseyana
Dragon fruit Hylocereus undatus
Elderberry Sambucus nigra
Feijoa Feijoa sellowiana
Fox grape Vitis labrusca
Giant granadilla Passiflora quadrangularis
Glenniea philippinensis Glenniea philippinensis
Golden kiwifruit Actinidia chinensis
Gooseberry Ribes uva-crispa
Grape Vitis vinifera Grape cultivars
Guava Psidium guajava
Hardy kiwi Actinidia arguta
Honeyberry Lonicera caerulea
Honeysuckle Lonicera periclymenum
Huckleberry Vaccinium ovatum
Jabuticaba Plinia cauliflora
Kei apple Dovyalis caffra
Kiwifruit Actinidia deliciosa
Langsat Lansium parasiticum
Lingonberry Vaccinium vitis-idaea
Lúcuma Pouteria lucuma
Malabar plum Syzygium jambos
Mammee Mammea americana
Mangaba Hancornia speciosa
Maqui berry Aristotelia chilensis
Mayapple Podophyllum peltatum
Maypop Passiflora incarnata
Midgen berry Austromyrtus dulcis
Mortiño Vaccinium floribundum
Muscadine Vitis rotundifolia
Naranjilla Solanum quitoense
Native currant Acrotriche depressa
Ooray Davidsonia pruriens
Oregon grape Mahonia aquifolium
Papaya Carica papaya
Passiflora alata Passiflora alata
Passiflora platyloba Passiflora platyloba
Passionfruit Passiflora edulis
Pentadiplandra brazzeana Pentadiplandra brazzeana
Pepino Solanum muricatum
Persimmon Diospyros kaki
Peruvian apple cactus fruit Cereus repandus
Pitomba-da-bahia Eugenia luschnathiana
Pomegranate Punica granatum
Prickly pear fruit Opuntia ficus-indica
Purple apple-berry Billardiera longiflora
Purple guava Psidium rufum
Red currant Ribes rubrum
Red huckleberry Vaccinium parvifolium
Rukam Flacourtia rukam
Saguaro fruit Carnegiea gigantea
Salal Gaultheria shallon
Sea buckthorn Hippophae rhamnoides
Small-leaved fuchsia Fuchsia microphylla
Small-leaved myrtle berry Archirhodomyrtus beckleri
Smooth davidson's plum Davidsonia johnsonii
South American sapote Quararibea cordata
Star fruit Averrhoa carambola
Strawberry tree fruit Arbutus unedo
Sweet apple-berry Billardiera cymosa
Sweet granadilla Passiflora ligularis
Tamarillo Solanum betaceum
Texas persimmon Diospyros texana
Velvet apple Diospyros blancoi
Wampee Clausena lansium
Wild orange Capparis mitchellii
Wolfberry Lycium barbarum
Yellow granadilla Passiflora edulis f flavicarpa

PeposEdit

 
Cantaloupe and slice

Pepos represent any fruit that is covered by a hard, thick rind with soft flesh inside, and seeds filling each locule. Melons are good examples of this.

Common name Species name Cultivar list
Bael Aegle marmelos
Bailan melon Cucumis melo var. inodorus 'Bailan Melon'
Banana melon Cucumis melo 'Banana'
Canary melon Cucumis melo var. inodorus 'Canary Melon'
Cucumis prophetarum Cucumis prophetarum
Cassabanana Sicana odorifera
Collective farm woman melon Cucumis melo 'Collective Farm Woman Melon'
Crane melon Cucumis melo 'Crane Melon'
Crenshaw melon Cucumis melo 'Crenshaw Melon'
Doub palm fruit Borassus flabellifer
European cantaloupe Cucumis melo var. cantalupensis
Gaya melon Cucumis melo 'Gaya'
Honeydew melon Cucumis melo var. inodorus
Horned melon Cucumis metuliferus
Hydnora abyssinica Hydnora abyssinica
Jícara Crescentia cujete
Kajari melon Cucumis melo 'Kajari'
Korean melon Cucumis melo var. makuwa
Mirza melon Cucumis melo 'Mirza'
Muskmelon Cucumis melo
Natal orange Strychnos spinosa
North American cantaloupe Cucumis melo var. reticulatus Reticulatus group cultivars
Santa Claus melon Cucumis melo var. inodorus 'Santa Claus Melon'
Sprite melon Cucumis melo 'Sprite Melon'
Tigger melon Cucumis melo 'Tigger Melon'
Watermelon Citrullus lanatus
Wood-apple Limonia acidissima

HesperidiumsEdit

 
One whole lemon and one cut in half
 
The buddha's hand, a uniquely shaped variant of citron
 
Lime and blossom

Also known as citruses, they possess thick and leathery rinds. These fruits are generally sour and acidic to some extent and have a wagon wheel-like cross section.

Common name Species name Cultivar list
African cherry orange Citropsis articulata
Amanatsu Citrus × natsudaidai
Bajoura citron Citrus medica ssp. bajoura
Bergamot orange Citrus bergamia
Bitter orange Citrus × aurantium
Blood lime Citrus australasica var. sanguinea × 'Ellendale Mandarin'
Blood orange Citrus × sinensis 'Blood Orange'
Buddha's hand Citrus medica var. sarcodactylis
Calamondin × Citrofortunella microcarpa
Cam sành Citrus reticulata × sinensis
Centennial variegated kumquat Citrus margarita 'Centennial Variegated Kumquat'
Citron Citrus medica Citron cultivars
Clementine Citrus × clementina
Desert lime Citrus glauca
Etrog Citrus medica var. ethrog
Finger lime Citrus australasica
Florentine citron Citrus × limonimedica
Grapefruit Citrus × paradisi
Haruka Citrus tamurana x C. natsudaidai
Hyuganatsu Citrus tamurana
Ichang papeda Citrus cavaleriei
Iyokan Citrus × iyo
Jiangsu kumquat Citrus obovata
Kabosu Citrus sphaerocarpa
Kaffir lime Citrus hystrix
Kanpei Citrus reticulata 'Kanpei'
Kawachi Bankan Citrus kawachiensis
Key lime Citrus × aurantiifolia
Kinkoji unshiu Citrus obovoidea x C. unshiu
Kinnow Citrus nobilis × citrus × deliciosa
Kiyomi Citrus unshiu × citrus sinensis
Kobayashi mikan Citrus natsudaidai x C. unshiu
Koji orange Citrus leiocarpa
Kuchinotsu No.37 Kiyomi x encore
Kumquat Citrus japonica
Lemon Citrus limon
Lime Citrus × latifolia
Limeberry Triphasia trifolia
Limequat Citrus × floridana
Mandarin orange Citrus reticulata
Mangshanyegan Citrus mangshanensis
Melogold Citrus grandis × citrus paradisi
Meyer lemon Citrus × meyeri
Myrtle-leaved orange Citrus myrtifolia
Ōgonkan Citrus flaviculpus
Orange Citrus × sinensis
Oroblanco Citrus grandis × citrus paradisi
Oval kumquat Citrus margarita
Pomelo Citrus maxima
Pompia Citrus medica tuberosa
Ponderosa lemon Citrus × pyriformis
Rangpur Citrus × limonia
Round lime Citrus australis
Satsuma mandarin Citrus unshiu
Shangjuan Citrus cavaleriei × citrus
Shonan gold Citrus flaviculpus × citrus unshiu
Sudachi Citrus sudachi
Sweet limetta Citrus limetta
Taiwan tangerine Citrus × depressa
Tangelo Citrus × tangelo
Tangerine Citrus tangerina
Tangor Citrus reticulata × sinensis 'Tangor'
Ugli fruit Citrus reticulata × citrus paradisi
Volkamer lemon Citrus volkameriana
Yuzu Citrus junos

Aggregate fruitsEdit

 
A sliced cherimoya
 
Half of a raspberry

Aggregate fruits are a cluster of many fruits produced from a single flower.

Common name Species name Cultivar list
African custard-apple Annona senegalensis
American red raspberry Rubus strigosus
Annona conica Annona conica
Atemoya Annona squamosa × annona cherimola
Atherton raspberry Rubus probus
Biribá Rollinia deliciosa
Black mulberry Morus nigra
Blackberry Rubus allegheniensis
Boysenberry Rubus ursinus × rubus idaeus
Cawesh Annona scleroderma
Cherimoya Annona cherimola Cherimoya cultivars
Cloudberry Rubus chamaemorus
Creeping raspberry Rubus hayata-koidzumii
Cudrang Maclura tricuspidata
Custard apple Annona reticulata
Dewberry Rubus flagellaris
Elephant apple Dillenia indica
Emu berry Grewia retusifolia
Ilama Annona diversifolia
Japanese bramble berry Rubus parvifolius
Loganberry Rubus × loganobaccus
Marolo Annona crassiflora
Molucca bramble berry Rubus moluccanus
Mora común Rubus adenotrichos
Mora de Castilla Rubus glaucus
Mountain soursop Annona montana
Pond apple Annona glabra
Red mulberry Morus rubra
Rose hip Rosa rugosa
Roseleaf bramble berry Rubus rosifolius
Salmonberry Rubus spectabilis
Soncoya Annona purpurea
Soursop Annona muricata
Strawberry Fragaria × ananassa Strawberry cultivars
Sugar-apple Annona squamosa
Tayberry Rubus fruticosus × rubus idaeus
Thimbleberry Rubus parviflorus
White bark raspberry Rubus leucodermis
White mulberry Morus alba
Wild strawberry Fragaria vesca
Wineberry Rubus phoenicolasius
Youngberry Rubus caesius 'Youngberry'

Multiple fruitsEdit

 
The pineapple is a multiple fruit
 
The jackfruit is known for being the world's largest fruit

Multiple fruits are a cluster of many fruits produced from multiple flowers.

Common name Species name Cultivar list
Breadfruit Artocarpus altilis
Breadnut Artocarpus camansi
Cempedak Artocarpus integer
Cluster fig Ficus racemosa
Desert fig Ficus platypoda
Duguetia confinis Duguetia confinis
Duguetia spixiana Duguetia spixiana
Ficus carrii Ficus carrii
Fig Ficus carica
Hala fruit Pandanus tectorius
Jackfruit Artocarpus heterophyllus
Kwai muk Artocarpus hypargyreus
Monkey fruit Artocarpus lacucha
Monkey jackfruit Artocarpus rigidus
Monstera deliciosa Monstera deliciosa
Noni Morinda citrifolia
Pineapple Ananas comosus
Red fruit Pandanus conoideus
Sandpaper fig Ficus coronata
Strangler fig Ficus aurea
Sycamore fig Ficus sycomorus
Terap Artocarpus odoratissimus
White fig Ficus virens
Wild jack Artocarpus hirsutus

CapsulesEdit

 
Cacao pods
 
Mangosteens, sliced in a way that exposes the carpels

Capsules represent a pod fruit with multiple carpels.

Common name Species name Cultivar list
Achacha Garcinia humilis
Ackee Blighia sapida
Aglaia teysmanniana Aglaia teysmanniana
Asam gelugur Garcinia atroviridis
Asam kelubi Eleiodoxa conferta
Bacuri Platonia insignis
Bemange Cola urceolata
Black apple Pouteria australis
Blue tongue Melastoma affine
Boquila Boquila trifoliolata
Burmese grape Baccaurea ramiflora
Button mangosteen Garcinia prainiana
Cacao Theobroma cacao
Charichuelo Garcinia madruno
Copperleaf snowberry Gaultheria hispida
Courbaril Hymenaea courbaril
Cupuaçu Theobroma grandiflorum
Durian Durio zibethinus
Eastern teaberry Gaultheria procumbens
Gấc Momordica cochinchinensis
Gamboge Garcinia morella
Garcinia cambogia Garcinia gummi-gutta
Garcinia forbesii Garcinia forbesii
Garcinia magnifolia Garcinia magnifolia
Garcinia pseudoguttifera Garcinia pseudoguttifera
Keluak Pangium edule
Kokum Garcinia indica
Kola nut Cola nitida
Kundong Garcinia parvifolia
Lardizabala Lardizabala biternata
Luóhàn guǒ Siraitia grosvenorii
Mangosteen Garcinia mangostana
Menteng Baccaurea racemosa
Mundu Garcinia dulcis
Pawpaw Asimina triloba
Red salak Salacca affinis
Salak Salacca zalacca
Santol Sandoricum koetjape
Small-leaved tamarind Diploglottis campbellii
Spanish tamarind Vangueria madagascariensis
Trichosanthes beccariana Trichosanthes beccariana
Vanilla Vanilla planifolia
Yantok Calamus manillensis

LegumesEdit

Legumes represent a pod fruit with one carpel.

Common name Species name Cultivar list
African locust bean Parkia biglobosa
Bilimbi Averrhoa bilimbi
Ice-cream bean Inga edulis
Monkeypod Pithecellobium dulce
Tamarind Tamarindus indica
Zig-zag vine fruit Melodorum leichhardtii

FolliclesEdit

Follicles represent a single ovary that splits along a single seam.

Common name Species name Cultivar list
Angular sea-fig Carpobrotus glaucescens
Dead man's fingers Decaisnea fargesii
Karkalla fruit Carpobrotus rossii

Plants with edible fruit-like structuresEdit

Plants with edible fruit-like structures are not technically fruit, but are used culinarily as such.

Common name Species name Cultivar list
Cashew apple Anacardium occidentale
Juniper berry Juniperus communis
Kahikatea Dacrycarpus dacrydioides
Manoao Manoao colensoi
Nageia Nageia nagi
Native cherry Exocarpos cupressiformis
Plum pine fruit Podocarpus elatus
Podocarpus Podocarpus elongatus
Prumnopitys Prumnopitys andina
Raisin tree fruit Hovenia dulcis
Rhubarb Rheum × hybridum Rhubarb cultivars
Rimu Dacrydium cupressinum
Totara Podocarpus totara

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ See Vegetable#Terminology
  2. ^ See the Wiktionary definition of fruit
  3. ^ Harri Vainio; Franca Bianchini (2003). Fruit and Vegetables. IARC. p. 2. ISBN 9283230086.


External linksEdit