Prunus campanulata

Prunus campanulata is a species of cherry native to Japan, Taiwan, southern and eastern China (Guangxi, Guangdong, Hainan, Hunan, Fujian, and Zhejiang), and Vietnam.[4] It is a large shrub or small tree, growing 3–8 m (10–26 ft) tall.[4] It is widely grown as an ornamental tree, and a symbol of Nago in the Ryukyu Islands of Japan. It is variously known in English as the Taiwan cherry,[5] Formosan cherry, or bellflower cherry. It was described in 1883 by Carl Johann Maximowicz.[1]

Taiwan cherry
Prunus campanulata blossoms
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Prunus subg. Cerasus
Section: P. sect. Cerasus
P. campanulata
Binomial name
Prunus campanulata
  • Cerasus campanulata (Maxim.) A.Vassiliev
  • Prunus cerasoides var. campanulata (Maxim.) Koidz.
  • Prunus pendula hort.

Invasive speciesEdit

The tree is an invasive plant species in the Northland Region of New Zealand. It is illegal to distribute, sell or propagate the plant or to distribute soil, gravel, etc., that contain the seeds or other parts of the plant.[6]

Ecological interactionsEdit

Prunus campanulata is the host of larval Chrysozephyrus nishikaze, a butterfly species endemic to Taiwan.[7] Flowers and nectar of Prunus campanulata are among the main food sources of Taiwan yuhinas during their breeding season.[8]


Prunus campanulata is one of the many cherry blossom trees that blooms early. Their seeds portray a physiological and morphological dormancy that is broken when exposed to cold and warm temperatures before germination. The flower is fertilized by pollinating insects and can begin to flower in 1 to 2 years.



  1. ^ a b "Plant Name Details for Prunus campanulata". IPNI. Retrieved September 14, 2009. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ "Plant Name Details for Cerasus campanulata". IPNI. Retrieved September 14, 2009. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ The Plant List, Prunus campanulata Maxim.
  4. ^ a b Li Chaoluan (Li Chao-luang); Jiang Shunyuan; Bruce Bartholomew. "Cerasus campanulata (Maximowicz) A. N. Vassiljeva, 1957. 钟花樱桃 zhong hua ying tao". Flora of China. Retrieved 22 June 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. ^ "Prunus campanulata". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 10 January 2018.
  6. ^ "Northland Pest Management Strategy" (PDF). Northland Regional Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 12 August 2010. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  7. ^ Savela, Markku (8 August 2015). "Chrysozephyrus Shirôzu & Yamamoto, 1956". Lepidoptera and some other life forms. Retrieved 22 June 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  8. ^ Lee, Pei-Fen; et al. (2005). "Habitat selection of the cooperative breeding Taiwan Yuhina (Yuhina brunneiceps) in a fragmented forest habitat" (PDF). Zoological Studies. 44 (4): 497–504. “Taiwan Cherry.” Taiwan Cherry - University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, 31 July 2019,