Prunus umbellata

Prunus umbellata, called flatwoods plum, hog plum and sloe plum, is a plum species native to the United States from Virginia, south to Florida, and west to Texas.[3][4]

Prunus umbellata
Prunus umbellata UGA1120566.jpg
Prunus umbellata bush
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Prunus subg. Prunus
Section: Prunus sect. Prunocerasus
P. umbellata
Binomial name
Prunus umbellata

Prunus umbellata can reach 20 ft (6.1 m) in height with a 15 ft (4.6 m) spread. It has alternate serrate green leaves that turn yellow in autumn. Flowers are white, creamy, or grayish. Fruits are round, purple, and 0.5–1 in (1.3–2.5 cm) in diameter.[4] P. umbellata trees can live up to 40 years and are very difficult to distinguish from Prunus angustifolia, with which it hybridizes easily.[5] The trees bloom and bear fruit later than other plums. The fruits mature August–October. Large crops appear only every 3-4 years.[6] The fruits are made into jellies and jams.[7]



  1. ^ Pollard, R.P.; Rhodes, L.; Maxted, N. (2016). "Prunus umbellata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T50668331A50668334. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T50668331A50668334.en. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  2. ^ The Plant List, Prunus umbellata Elliott
  3. ^ "Prunus umbellata". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved December 28, 2014.
  4. ^ a b "Prunus umbellata: Flatwoods Plum". University of Florida IFAS Extension. Retrieved December 28, 2014.
  5. ^ "Plum Delicious and Native, Too!". Florida Native Plant Society. July 15, 2011. Retrieved December 28, 2014.
  6. ^ "Flatwoods Plum, Black Sloe, Sloe, Hog Plum". Texas A&M University. Retrieved December 28, 2014.
  7. ^ Little, Elbert L. (1980). The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Trees: Eastern Region. New York: Knopf. p. 507. ISBN 0-394-50760-6.

External linksEdit