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Artocarpus lacucha

Artocarpus lacucha, also known as monkey fruit,[1] or Monkey Jack[1] or barhar (Hindi:बरहङ), badahar (Nepali:बडहर) or dewa (Assamese: ডেৱা, Bengali: ডেউয়া) or bohot (Assamese: বহঁত) or Heirikokthong (Meeteilon:ꯍꯩꯔꯤꯀꯣꯛꯊꯣꯡ) and 'Taat' in Thadou-Kuki language of Northeast India, is a tropical evergreen tree species of the family Moraceae. It is distributed throughout the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia.[2] The tree is valued for its wood; its fruit is edible and is believed to have medicinal value.[3] In Northeastern Thailand, the wood is used to make pong lang, a local traditional instrument.[4]

Artocarpus lacucha
Lakoocha tree.JPEG
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Moraceae
Genus: Artocarpus
Species:
A. lacucha
Binomial name
Artocarpus lacucha
Synonyms
  • Artocarpus ficifolius W.T.Wang
  • Artocarpus lakoocha Roxb.
  • Artocarpus yunnanensis H.H.Hu
  • Saccus lakoocha (Roxb.) Kuntze
A twig of Artocarpus lacucha in Panchkhal VDC, Nepal

The stilbenoid oxyresveratrol can be isolated from the heartwood of A. lakoocha[5] as well as in Puag Haad, the light brown powder obtained from the aqueous extract of the wood chips of A. lakoocha Roxb by boiling, then slow evaporation, followed by cooling. This traditional drug is effective against the intestinal fluke Haplorchis taichui[6] or against taeniasis.[7]

This tree is mentioned in the Arthashastra.[8]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Artocarpus lacucha". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  2. ^ Pankaj Oudhia, Robert E. Paull. Monkey Jack Artocarpus lakoocha Roxb., Moraceae p485-487.Encyclopedia of Fruit and Nuts - 2008, J. Janick and R. E. Paull -editors, CABI, Wallingford, United Kingdom
  3. ^ Lakoocha: A Multipurpose Tree of Warm Climate
  4. ^ Cruz-Garcia, Gisella S.; Price, Lisa L. (2011). "Ethnobotanical investigation of 'wild' food plants used by rice farmers in Kalasin, Northeast Thailand". Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine. 7: 33. doi:10.1186/1746-4269-7-33. PMC 3233498.
  5. ^ Maneechai, S; Likhitwitayawuid, K; Sritularak, B; Palanuvej, C; Ruangrungsi, N; Sirisa-Ard, P (2009). "Quantitative analysis of oxyresveratrol content in Artocarpus lakoocha and 'Puag-Haad'". Medical Principles and Practice. 18 (3): 223–7. doi:10.1159/000204354. PMID 19349726.
  6. ^ Wongsawad, C; Wongsawad, P; Luangphai, P; Kumchoo, K (2005). "In vitro effects of aqueous extract from Artocarpus takoocha Roxb on tegumental surface of Haplorchis taichui" (PDF). The Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health. 36 Suppl 4: 112–6. PMID 16438193. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-12-02.
  7. ^ Charoenlarp, P; Radomyos, P; Bunnag, D (1989). "The optimum dose of Puag-Haad in the treatment of taeniasis". Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet Thangphaet. 72 (2): 71–3. PMID 2738489. INIST:7273462.
  8. ^ Arthashastra/Book XIII

External linksEdit