Prunus gracilis

Prunus gracilis, called the Oklahoma plum,[2][3] sour plum, and sand plum, is native to the south-central United States (eastern New Mexico, southeastern Colorado, Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, southwestern Arkansas, northwestern Louisiana).[4][5]

Prunus gracilis
Prunus gracilis.jpg
1913 illustration[1]
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Prunus subg. Prunus
Section: Prunus sect. Prunocerasus
P. gracilis
Binomial name
Prunus gracilis

Prunus normalis Small

The specific epithet Gracilis refers to 'slender branches'.[6] Prunus gracilis grows up to 6 ft (1.8 m) tall, has five-petaled leaves, and fruits ripen June–August.[7] Its red fruits are considered poor for eating, but Native Americans dried them for consumption during winter.[8] It grows in clusters and thickets.[9] It is hermaphrodite and pollinated by insects.[3]


It is natively found in various states of United States, from Alabama, Arkansas, Colorado, Kansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma and Texas.[3][10]


It is found growing in fence rows, open woodlands, woodlands edge, forest openings, hillsides, slopes, sandy roadsides, upland thickets and waste places. It is normally found at 100–1,300 m (330–4,270 ft) above sea level.[3]


  1. ^ illustration published in Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. Vol. 2: 323.
  2. ^ "Prunus gracilis". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 14 October 2015.
  3. ^ a b c d Pollard, R.P.; Rhodes, L.; Maxted, N. (2016). "Prunus gracilis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016. Retrieved 26 December 2017.
  4. ^ "Prunus gracilis". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved December 30, 2014.
  5. ^ Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map
  6. ^ "Prunus gracilis Engelm. & Gray". Oklahoma Biological Survey, University of Oklahoma. Retrieved December 30, 2014.
  7. ^ "Prunus gracilis". Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center. Retrieved December 30, 2014.
  8. ^ "Oklahoma Plum, Sour Plum, Sand Plum". Texas A&M University. Retrieved December 30, 2014.
  9. ^ Wright, William Franklin (1915). Native American species of Prunus. Washington, DC: United States Department of Agriculture. p. 58.
  10. ^

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