Amelanchier sanguinea

Amelanchier sanguinea, known as red-twigged shadbush or roundleaf serviceberry, is a shrub native to eastern and central North America. Its native range stretches from New Brunswick to Saskatchewan south as far as northern Georgia. It is most common in eastern Canada, the northeastern United States, and the Great Lakes region.[3]

Amelanchier sanguinea
Amelanchier sanguinea -roundleaf serciveberry.jpg
1913 drawing[1]
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Amelanchier
Species:
A. sanguinea
Binomial name
Amelanchier sanguinea
Amelanchier sanguinea range map 1.png
Natural range of Amelanchier sanguinea
Synonyms[2]
Synonymy
  • Amelanchier amabilis Wiegand
  • Amelanchier canadensis var. rotundifolia (Michx.) Torr. & A.Gray
  • Amelanchier canadensis var. spicata (Lam.) Sarg.
  • Amelanchier huronensis Wiegand
  • Amelanchier rotundifolia (Michx.) M.Roem.
  • Amelanchier spicata (Lam.) Koehne
  • Aronia sanguinea (Pursh) Nutt.
  • Mespilus canadensis var. 'rotundifolia' Michx.
  • Pyrus sanguinea Pursh
  • Amelanchier gaspensis (Wiegand) Fernald & Weatherby, syn of var. gaspensis
  • Amelanchier grandiflora (Wiegand) Wiegand, syn of var. grandiflora
  • Amelanchier sanguinea f. grandiflora Wiegand, syn of var. grandiflora

Amelanchier sanguinea is a shrub that can grow up to 3 metres (9.8 ft) tall, and has edible sweet-flavored fruits[4] that are red when young and become purple or dark-blue when they ripen. Like all Amelanchier fruit, these resemble berries, but are technically pomes.[5][6]

Varieties[2]
  • Amelanchier sanguinea var. gaspensis Wiegand
  • Amelanchier sanguinea var. grandiflora (Wiegand) Rehder
  • Amelanchier sanguinea var. sanguinea

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ illustration from Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. Vol. 2: 293
  2. ^ a b The Plant List, Amelanchier sanguinea (Pursh) DC.
  3. ^ Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map
  4. ^ Little, Elbert L. (1980). The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Trees: Eastern Region. New York: Knopf. p. 461. ISBN 0-394-50760-6.
  5. ^ Amelanchier sanguinea information from Plants for a Future database
  6. ^ Amelanchier sanguinea information from the University of Maine

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