Podocarpus elatus

Podocarpus elatus, known as the plum pine, the brown pine or the Illawarra plum is a species of Podocarpus endemic to the east coast of Australia, in eastern New South Wales and eastern Queensland.

Podocarpus elatus
Podocarpus elatus00.jpg
drawing by Margaret Flockton
Scientific classification
P. elatus
Binomial name
Podocarpus elatus

It is a medium to large evergreen tree growing to 30–36 m tall with a trunk up to 1.5 m diameter. The leaves are lanceolate, 5–15 cm long (to 25 cm long on vigorous young trees) and 6–18 mm broad. The seed cones are dark blue-purple, berry-like, with a fleshy base 2-2.5 cm diameter bearing a single oval or globose seed 1 cm in diameter.


The fleshy part of the seed cone is edible, used in condiments. The timber was prized for furniture, joinery, boat planking, lining and piles in salt water. Podocarpus elatus is an attractive ornamental tree. In older Australian suburbs, the plum pine is used as an ornamental street tree, such as at Baldry Street, Chatswood.[2]



  1. ^ Farjon, A. (2013). "Podocarpus elatus". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2013: e.T42500A2983200. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2013-1.RLTS.T42500A2983200.en. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
  2. ^ Willoughby City Council, Urban Tree Management Policy, Volume 3, Street Tree Master Plan. June 2014. page 66