Talisia esculenta

Talisia esculenta is a medium-sized tree native to the Amazon Basin, and is found in Brazil, Colombia, Peru, Paraguay and Bolivia.

Talisia esculenta
Pitomba fruit, in Futuro Beach, Fortaleza, Brazil.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Sapindaceae
Genus: Talisia
Species:
T. esculenta
Binomial name
Talisia esculenta

The tree and fruit are called pitomba in English, Spanish and Portuguese, cotopalo in Spanish, pitoulier comestible in French and olho de boi, pitomba-rana and pitomba de macaco in Portuguese and karajá bola in Guarani. Pitomba is also used as the name for Eugenia luschnathiana.

DescriptionEdit

Talisia esculenta can grow to a height of 9–20 m, with a trunk up to 45 cm diameter. The leaves are arranged alternately, pinnately compound, with 5–11 leaflets, the leaflets 5–12 cm long and 2–5 cm broad.

The flowers are produced in a panicle 10–15 cm long, the individual flowers small and white. The fruit is round to ellipsoid in shape, 1.5–4 cm in diameter. Beneath the outer peel is the white, translucent, sweet-sour pulp with one or two large, elongated seeds.

UsesEdit

The fruit is eaten fresh and used to make juice. The sap is used as a fish poison. Roasted seeds are used to treat diarrhea.

ReferencesEdit