Prunus murrayana

Prunus murrayana, called the Murray's plum, is a critically endangered shrub native to Texas. It is found in the Edwards Plateau and the trans-Pecos regions of the state.[2][3]

Prunus murrayana
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Prunus subg. Prunus
Section: Prunus sect. Prunocerasus
P. murrayana
Binomial name
Prunus murrayana
  • Prunus rivularis var. pubescens Enquist

Prunus murrayana is a thorny, deciduous shrub up to 5 meters (almost 17 feet) tall, forming clumps by means of sprouts formed at the base of the plant. Leaves are hairy on both surfaces, usually folding along the midrib. Flowers are white, usually appearing about the same time as the leaves. Fruits are red with white dots, hairless but with a waxy coating on the outside.[2][4] It is purportedly so rare that no one has seen its fruit since first being scientifically described.[5][6]


  1. ^ "Prunus murrayana (Murray Plum)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 16 March 2018.
  2. ^ a b c Flora of North America, Prunus murrayana E. J. Palmer, 1929. Murray’s plum
  3. ^ Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map
  4. ^ Palmer, Ernest Jesse 1929. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 10(1): 38
  5. ^ "Texas Native Plants Database". Retrieved 16 March 2018.
  6. ^

External linksEdit