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Paleontology or palaeontology is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 2017.

List of years in paleontology (table)
In science
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
Important taxa described (but not necessarily validly named) in 2017

PlantsEdit

CnidariansEdit

ResearchEdit

New taxaEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Acanthophyllum filiforme[8]

Sp. nov

Valid

Coen-Aubert

Devonian (Givetian)

  Mauritania

A rugose coral belonging to the family Ptenophyllidae.

Acanthophyllum sougyi[8]

Sp. nov

Valid

Coen-Aubert

Devonian (Givetian)

  Mauritania

A rugose coral belonging to the family Ptenophyllidae.

Agetolites angullongensis[9]

Sp. nov

Valid

Zhen, Wang & Percival

Late Ordovician

Angullong Formation

  Australia

A tabulate coral.

Aulohelia carbonica[10]

Sp. nov

Valid

Niko & Fujikawa

Carboniferous (Viséan)

Akiyoshi Limestone Group

  Japan

A tabulate coral.

Bothrophyllum gorbachevensis[11]

Sp. nov

Valid

Fedorowski

Carboniferous (Bashkirian)

  Ukraine

A rugose coral belonging to the family Bothrophyllidae.

Bothrophyllum kalmyussi[11]

Sp. nov

Valid

Fedorowski

Carboniferous (Bashkirian)

  Ukraine

A rugose coral belonging to the family Bothrophyllidae.

Cambroctoconus koori[12]

Sp. nov

Valid

Peel

Cambrian Stage 4 or Stage 5

Henson Gletscher Formation

  Greenland

A possible member of Octocorallia.

Charactophyllum mauritanicum[8]

Sp. nov

Valid

Coen-Aubert

Devonian (Givetian)

  Mauritania

A rugose coral belonging to the family Disphyllidae.

Charactophyllum soraufi[8]

Sp. nov

Valid

Coen-Aubert

Devonian (Givetian)

  Mauritania

A rugose coral belonging to the family Disphyllidae.

Dianqianophyllum[13]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Liao & Ma

Devonian (Givetian)

  China

A rugose coral. Genus includes new species D. bianqingense.

Dibunophylloides columnatus[14]

Sp. nov

Valid

Fedorowski

Carboniferous (Bashkirian)

  Ukraine

A rugose coral belonging to the family Aulophyllidae.

Dibunophylloides paulus[14]

Sp. nov

Valid

Fedorowski

Carboniferous (Bashkirian)

  Ukraine

A rugose coral belonging to the family Aulophyllidae.

Dibunophylloides similis[14]

Sp. nov

Valid

Fedorowski

Carboniferous (Bashkirian)

  Ukraine

A rugose coral belonging to the family Aulophyllidae.

Dibunophyllum medium[14]

Sp. nov

Valid

Fedorowski

Carboniferous (Bashkirian)

  Ukraine

A rugose coral belonging to the family Aulophyllidae.

Fungiaphyllia[15]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Melnikova & Roniewicz

Early Jurassic (Hettangian/SinemurianPliensbachian)

  Afghanistan

A stony coral belonging to the family Latomeandridae. The type species is Fungiaphyllia communis.

Gillismilia[16]

Nom. nov

Valid

Lathuilière, Charbonnier & Pacaud

Early Jurassic (Pliensbachian)

  France

A coral; a replacement name for Palaeocyathus Alloiteau (1956).

Guembelastraea dronovi[15]

Sp. nov

Valid

Melnikova & Roniewicz

Early Jurassic (Hettangian/Sinemurian)

  Afghanistan

A stony coral belonging to the family Tropiastraeidae, a species of Guembelastraea.

Lithostrotion termieri[17]

Sp. nov

Valid

Rodríguez & Somerville in Rodríguez, Somerville & Said

Carboniferous (Viséan)

Azrou-Khenifra Basin

  Morocco

A rugose coral belonging to the family Lithostrotionidae.

Macgeea tourneuri[8]

Sp. nov

Valid

Coen-Aubert

Devonian (Givetian)

  Mauritania

A rugose coral belonging to the family Phillipsastreidae.

Nina[11]

Gen. et 3 sp. et comb. nov

Junior homonym

Fedorowski

Carboniferous (Serpukhovian and Bashkirian)

  Ukraine

A rugose coral belonging to the family Bothrophyllidae. The type species is N. donetsiana; genus also includes new species N. dibimitaria and N. magna, as well as "Bothrophyllum" berestovensis Vassilyuk (1960). The generic name is preoccupied by Nina Horsfield (1829).

Oppelismilia spectabilis[15]

Sp. nov

Valid

Melnikova & Roniewicz

Early Jurassic (Hettangian/Sinemurian)

  Afghanistan

A stony coral belonging to the family Oppelismiliidae, a species of Oppelismilia.

Parepismilia dolichostoma[15]

Sp. nov

Valid

Melnikova & Roniewicz

Early Jurassic (Hettangian–early Sinemurian)

  Afghanistan

A stony coral belonging to the family Parepismiliidae, a species of Parepismilia.

Parepismilia dronovi[15]

Sp. nov

Valid

Melnikova & Roniewicz

Early Jurassic (Hettangian/Sinemurian)

  Afghanistan

A stony coral belonging to the family Parepismiliidae, a species of Parepismilia.

Periplacotrochus[18]

Gen. et comb. et sp. nov

Valid

Cairns

Late Eocene to middle Miocene

  Australia

A flabellid coral. Genus includes P. deltoideus (Duncan, 1864), P. corniculatus (Dennant, 1899), P. elongatus (Duncan, 1864), P. pueblensis (Dennant, 1903), P. inflectus (Dennant, 1903) and P. magnus (Dennant, 1904), as well as new species P. cudmorei.

Petrophyllia niimiensis[19]

Sp. nov

Valid

Niko, Suzuki & Taguchi

Miocene

Bihoku Group

  Japan

A stony coral.

Protomichelinia funafusensis[20]

Sp. nov

Valid

Niko

Early Permian

Funafuseyama Limestone

  Japan

A tabulate coral belonging to the order Favositida and the family Micheliniidae.

Qinscyphus[21]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Liu et al.

Cambrian (Fortunian)

Kuanchuanpu Formation

  China

A probable crown jellyfish belonging to the family Olivooidae. The type species is Q. necopinus.

Rozkowskia lenta[14]

Sp. nov

Valid

Fedorowski

Carboniferous (Bashkirian)

  Ukraine

A rugose coral belonging to the family Aulophyllidae.

Scoliopora hosakai[22]

Sp. nov

Valid

Niko, Ibaraki & Tazawa

Middle Devonian

  Japan

A tabulate coral belonging to the order Favositida and the family Alveolitidae.

Sinaster[23]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Wang et al.

Early Cambrian

Kuanchuanpu Formation

  China

A member of Medusozoa belonging to the family Olivooidae. The type species is S. petalon.

Stephanophyllia plattenwaldensis[24]

Sp. nov

Valid

Baron-Szabo

Early Cretaceous (late Aptian to Albian)

Garschella Formation

  Austria

A stony coral belonging to the family Micrabaciidae.

Sterictopathes[25]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Baliński & Sun

Ordovician (early Floian)

Fenxiang Formation
Honghuayuan Formation

  China

A black coral related to Sinopathes reptans. The type species is S. radicatus.

Voragoaxum[14]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Fedorowski

Carboniferous (Bashkirian)

  Ukraine

A rugose coral belonging to the family Aulophyllidae. The type species is V. cavum.

ArthropodsEdit

BryozoansEdit

ResearchEdit

New taxaEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Acupipora mexicana[27]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ernst & Vachard

Carboniferous (middle Pennsylvanian)

  Mexico

Adeonellopsis sandbergi[28]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino, Taylor & Portell

Early Miocene

Chipola Formation

  United States
(  Florida)

A cheilostome bryozoan belonging to the family Adeonidae.

'Akatopora' wilmseni[29]

Sp. nov

Valid

Martha, Niebuhr & Scholz

Late Cretaceous (mid-late Turonian)

Strehlen Formation

  Germany

A cheilostome bryozoan.

Atactotoechus vaulxensis[30]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ernst et al.

Carboniferous (Mississippian)

  Belgium

A bryozoan.

Bashkirella arnaoense[31]

Sp. nov

Valid

Suárez Andrés & Wyse Jackson

Devonian (Eifelian)

Moniello Formation

  Spain

A member of Fenestrata belonging to the family Chasmatoporidae.

Bigeyina cantabrica[31]

Sp. nov

Valid

Suárez Andrés & Wyse Jackson

Devonian (Emsian–early Eifelian)

Moniello Formation

  Spain

A member of Fenestrata belonging to the family Semicosciniidae.

Bigeyina spinosa[31]

Sp. nov

Valid

Suárez Andrés & Wyse Jackson

Devonian (Emsian–early Eifelian)

Moniello Formation

  Spain

A member of Fenestrata belonging to the family Semicosciniidae.

Bragella[32]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino et al.

EoceneOligocene transition

  Tanzania

A cheilostome bryozoan. Genus includes new species B. pseudofedora.

Buskia waiinuensis[33]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino et al.

Pleistocene

Nukumaru Limestone

  New Zealand

A member of Ctenostomata belonging to the superfamily Vesicularioidea and the family Buskiidae.

Cheiloporina clarksvillensis[28]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino, Taylor & Portell

Early Miocene

Chipola Formation

  United States
(  Florida)

A cheilostome bryozoan belonging to the family Cheiloporinidae.

Cigclisula solenoides[28]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino, Taylor & Portell

Early Miocene

Chipola Formation

  United States
(  Florida)

A cheilostome bryozoan belonging to the family Colatooeciidae.

Coeloclemis zefrehensis[34]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ernst et al.

Devonian (Frasnian)

Bahram Formation

  Iran

A trepostome bryozoan.

Diplosolen akatjevense[35]

Sp. nov

Valid

Viskova & Pakhnevich

Middle Jurassic (Callovian)

  Russia

A bryozoan belonging to the class Stenolaemata and the order Tubuliporida.

Ditaxipora lakriensis[36]

Sp. nov

Valid

Sonar & Pawar

Miocene (Burdigalian)

Chhasra Formation

  India

A member of the family Catenicellidae.

Eridopora moravica[37]

Sp. nov

Valid

Tolokonnikova, Kalvoda & Kumpan

Carboniferous (Tournaisian)

  Czech Republic

Escharoides joannae[28]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino, Taylor & Portell

Early Miocene

Chipola Formation

  United States
(  Florida)

A cheilostome bryozoan belonging to the family Romancheinidae.

Euthyrhombopora tenuis[34]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ernst et al.

Devonian (Frasnian)

Bahram Formation

  Iran

A rhabdomesine cryptostome bryozoan.

Exechonella minutiperforata[28]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino, Taylor & Portell

Early Miocene

Chipola Formation

  United States
(  Florida)

A cheilostome bryozoan belonging to the family Exechonellidae.

Exidmonea baghi[38]

Sp. nov

Valid

Zágoršek, Yazdi & Bahrami

Miocene

Qom Formation

  Iran

A cyclostome bryozoan.

Fabifenestella almazani[27]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ernst & Vachard

Carboniferous (middle Pennsylvanian)

  Mexico

Fenestrapora elegans[31]

Sp. nov

Valid

Suárez Andrés & Wyse Jackson

Devonian (late Emsian–early Eifelian)

Moniello Formation

  Spain

A member of Fenestrata belonging to the family Semicosciniidae.

Filites robustus[31]

Sp. nov

Valid

Suárez Andrés & Wyse Jackson

Devonian (Emsian–early Eifelian)

Moniello Formation

  Spain

A member of Fenestrata belonging to the family Acanthocladiidae.

Floridina subantiqua[28]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino, Taylor & Portell

Early Miocene

Chipola Formation

  United States
(  Florida)

A cheilostome bryozoan belonging to the family Onychocellidae.

Foratella cervisia[39]

Sp. nov

Valid

Taylor & Martha

Late Cretaceous (Cenomanian)

Beer Head Limestone Formation

  United Kingdom

A cheilostome bryozoan.

Hagiosynodos simplex[28]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino, Taylor & Portell

Early Miocene

Chipola Formation

  United States
(  Florida)

A cheilostome bryozoan belonging to the family Cheiloporinidae.

Heteractis tanzaniensis[32]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino et al.

EoceneOligocene transition

  Tanzania

A cheilostome bryozoan.

Hillmeropora[29]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Martha, Niebuhr & Scholz

Late Cretaceous (mid-late Turonian)

Strehlen Formation

  Germany

A cheilostome bryozoan genus belonging to the family Calloporidae. Type species H. pavonina; genus also includes Membranipora procurrens Brydone, 1929.

Jablonskipora[40]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Martha & Taylor

Early Cretaceous (Albian)

Upper Greensand

  United Kingdom

A cheilostome bryozoan. The type species is J. kidwellae.

Kalvariella antiqua[31]

Sp. nov

Valid

Suárez Andrés & Wyse Jackson

Devonian (Emsian–early Eifelian)

Moniello Formation

  Spain

A member of Fenestrata belonging to the family Acanthocladiidae.

Lacrimula crassa[32]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino et al.

EoceneOligocene transition

  Tanzania

A cheilostome bryozoan.

Lacrimula kilwaensis[32]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino et al.

EoceneOligocene transition

  Tanzania

A cheilostome bryozoan.

Margaretta pentaceratops[28]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino, Taylor & Portell

Early Miocene

Chipola Formation

  United States
(  Florida)

A cheilostome bryozoan belonging to the family Margarettidae.

Metrarabdotos aquaeguttum[41]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ramalho, Távora & Zagorsek

Early Miocene

Pirabas Formation

  Brazil

A member of Lepralielloidea belonging to the family Metrarabdotosidae.

Metrarabdotos capanemensis[41]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ramalho, Távora & Zagorsek

Early Miocene

Pirabas Formation

  Brazil

A member of Lepralielloidea belonging to the family Metrarabdotosidae.

Metrarabdotos elongatum[41]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ramalho, Távora & Zagorsek

Early Miocene

Pirabas Formation

  Brazil

A member of Lepralielloidea belonging to the family Metrarabdotosidae.

Microeciella kolomnensis[35]

Sp. nov

Valid

Viskova & Pakhnevich

Middle Jurassic (Callovian)

  Russia

A bryozoan belonging to the suborder Tubuliporina and the family Oncousoeciidae.

Microporella rusti[33]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino et al.

Pleistocene

Nukumaru Limestone

  New Zealand

A member of the family Microporellidae.

Nellia winstonae[28]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino, Taylor & Portell

Early Miocene

Chipola Formation

  United States
(  Florida)

A cheilostome bryozoan belonging to the family Quadricellariidae.

Nevianipora isfahani[38]

Sp. nov

Valid

Zágoršek, Yazdi & Bahrami

Miocene

Qom Formation

  Iran

A cyclostome bryozoan.

'Onychocella' barbata[29]

Sp. nov

Valid

Martha, Niebuhr & Scholz

Late Cretaceous (late Cenomanian)

Dölzschen Formation

  Germany

A cheilostome bryozoan. Taylor, Martha & Gordon (2018) transferred this species to the genus Kamilocella.[42]

Onychocella saxoniae[29]

Sp. nov

Valid

Martha, Niebuhr & Scholz

Late Cretaceous (late Cenomanian)

Dölzschen Formation

  Germany

A cheilostome bryozoan.

Paralicornia interdigitata[28]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino, Taylor & Portell

Early Miocene

Chipola Formation

  United States
(  Florida)

A cheilostome bryozoan belonging to the family Candidae.

Paraseptopora geometrica[31]

Sp. nov

Valid

Suárez Andrés & Wyse Jackson

Devonian (late Emsian–early Eifelian)

Moniello Formation

  Spain

A member of Fenestrata belonging to the family Septoporidae.

Paraseptopora irregularis[31]

Sp. nov

Valid

Suárez Andrés & Wyse Jackson

Devonian (Emsian–early Eifelian)

Moniello Formation

  Spain

A member of Fenestrata belonging to the family Septoporidae.

Pharopora[43]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Wyse Jackson, Ernst & Suárez Andrés

Carboniferous (Tournaisian)

Hook Head Formation

  Ireland

A member of Cryptostomata belonging to the family Rhabdomesidae. The type species is P. regularis.

Pleuromucrum epifanioi[28]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino, Taylor & Portell

Early Miocene

Chipola Formation

  United States
(  Florida)

A cheilostome bryozoan belonging to the family Phidoloporidae.

Pleuromucrum liowae[28]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino, Taylor & Portell

Early Miocene

Chipola Formation

  United States
(  Florida)

A cheilostome bryozoan belonging to the family Phidoloporidae.

Polyascosoecia iranica[38]

Sp. nov

Valid

Zágoršek, Yazdi & Bahrami

Miocene

Qom Formation

  Iran

A cyclostome bryozoan.

Puellina quadrispinosa[28]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino, Taylor & Portell

Early Miocene

Chipola Formation

  United States
(  Florida)

A cheilostome bryozoan belonging to the family Cribrilinidae.

Revalotrypa inopinata[44]

Sp. nov

Valid

Fedorov, Koromyslova & Martha

Ordovician (Floian)

  Russia

An esthonioporate bryozoan belonging to the family Revalotrypidae.

Revalotrypa yugaensis[44]

Sp. nov

Valid

Fedorov, Koromyslova & Martha

Ordovician (Floian)

  Russia

An esthonioporate bryozoan belonging to the family Revalotrypidae.

Schizolepraliella[28]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino, Taylor & Portell

Early Miocene

Chipola Formation

  United States
(  Florida)

A Schizoporella-like cheilostome bryozoan of uncertain phylogenetic placement. The type species is S. nancyae.

Selenaria lyrulata[45]

Sp. nov

Valid

López-Gappa, Pérez & Griffin

Early Miocene

Monte León Formation

  Argentina

A bryozoan belonging to the family Selenariidae.

Spiniflabellum jacksoni[28]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino, Taylor & Portell

Early Miocene

Chipola Formation

  United States
(  Florida)

A cheilostome bryozoan belonging to the family Cribrilinidae.

Steginoporella tiara[46]

Sp. nov

Valid

Gordon, Voje & Taylor

Early Pleistocene

  New Zealand

A member of Cheilostomata belonging to the family Steginoporellidae.

Stylopoma farleyensis[28]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino, Taylor & Portell

Early Miocene

Chipola Formation

  United States
(  Florida)

A cheilostome bryozoan belonging to the family Schizoporellidae.

Stylopoma leverhulme[28]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino, Taylor & Portell

Early Miocene

Chipola Formation

  United States
(  Florida)

A cheilostome bryozoan belonging to the family Schizoporellidae.

Thalamoporella bitorquata[28]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino, Taylor & Portell

Early Miocene

Chipola Formation

  United States
(  Florida)

A cheilostome bryozoan belonging to the family Thalamoporellidae.

Thalamoporella hastigera[28]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino, Taylor & Portell

Early Miocene

Chipola Formation

  United States
(  Florida)

A cheilostome bryozoan belonging to the family Thalamoporellidae.

Thalamoporella ogivalis[28]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino, Taylor & Portell

Early Miocene

Chipola Formation

  United States
(  Florida)

A cheilostome bryozoan belonging to the family Thalamoporellidae.

Thalamoporella papalis[28]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino, Taylor & Portell

Early Miocene

Chipola Formation

  United States
(  Florida)

A cheilostome bryozoan belonging to the family Thalamoporellidae.

Thalamoporella polygonalis[28]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino, Taylor & Portell

Early Miocene

Chipola Formation

  United States
(  Florida)

A cheilostome bryozoan belonging to the family Thalamoporellidae.

Trypostega vokesi[28]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino, Taylor & Portell

Early Miocene

Chipola Formation

  United States
(  Florida)

A cheilostome bryozoan belonging to the family Trypostegidae.

Turbicellepora giardinai[28]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino, Taylor & Portell

Early Miocene

Chipola Formation

  United States
(  Florida)

A cheilostome bryozoan belonging to the family Celleporidae.

Utropora parva[31]

Sp. nov

Valid

Suárez Andrés & Wyse Jackson

Devonian (Emsian–early Eifelian)

Moniello Formation

  Spain

A member of Fenestrata belonging to the family Semicosciniidae.

Vix scolaroi[28]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino, Taylor & Portell

Early Miocene

Chipola Formation

  United States
(  Florida)

A cheilostome bryozoan belonging to the family Vicidae.

Wilbertopora manubriformis[39]

Sp. nov

Valid

Taylor & Martha

Late Cretaceous (Cenomanian)

Beer Head Limestone Formation

  United Kingdom

A cheilostome bryozoan.

Wilbertopora ostiolatoides[29]

Sp. nov

Valid

Martha, Niebuhr & Scholz

Late Cretaceous (mid-late Turonian)

Strehlen Formation

  Germany

A cheilostome bryozoan.

BrachiopodsEdit

ResearchEdit

New taxaEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Acrothyra bonnia[49]

Sp. nov

Valid

Skovsted et al.

Cambrian Stage 4

Forteau Formation

  Canada
(  Newfoundland and Labrador)

A member of Acrotretida belonging to the family Acrotretidae.

Anarhynchia smithi[50]

Sp. nov

Valid

Pálfy et al.

Early Jurassic (Pliensbachian)

Inklin Formation

  Canada
(  British Columbia)

Atelelasma longisulcum[51]

Sp. nov

Valid

Liljeroth et al.

Ordovician

Dunabrattin Limestone Formation
Tramore Limestone Formation

  Ireland

A member of Strophomenata belonging to the order Billingsellida and the family Clitambonitidae.

Atychorhynchia[52]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Baeza-Carratalá, Reolid & García Joral

Early Jurassic (late Pliensbachian–early Toarcian)

Zegrí Formation

  Spain

A member of Rhynchonellida belonging to the family Norellidae. The type species is A. falsiorigo.

Avdeevella[53]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Baranov

Ordovician

  Russia

The type species is A. mica.

Bilobia alichovae[54]

Sp. nov

Valid

Madison

Ordovician (Sandbian)

  Russia
(  Leningrad Oblast)

A member of Strophomenida.

Bittnerithyris[55]

Gen. nov

Valid

Popov & Zakharov

Early Triassic (Olenekian)

  Russia
(  Primorsky Krai)

A member of Terebratulida.

Bronnothyris danaperensis[56]

Sp. nov

Valid

Bitner & Müller

Eocene (Priabonian)

  Ukraine

A member of Terebratulida belonging to the family Megathyrididae.

Burrirhynchia albiensis[57]

Sp. nov

Valid

Gaspard

Early Cretaceous (Albian)

  France

A member of Rhynchonellida belonging to the family Tetrarhynchiidae.

Colaptomena auduni[51]

Sp. nov

Valid

Liljeroth et al.

Ordovician

Tramore Limestone Formation

  Ireland

A member of Strophomenida belonging to the family Rafinesquinidae.

Cyrtinaella? houi[58]

Sp. nov

Valid

Lü & Ma

Devonian (late Frasnian)

  China

A member of Spiriferinida.

Cyrtospirifer ainosawensis[59]

Sp. nov

Valid

Tazawa, Inose & Kaneko

Late Devonian

Ainosawa Formation

  Japan

A member of Spiriferida belonging to the family Cyrtospiriferidae.

Cyrtospirifer choanjiensis[60]

Sp. nov

Valid

Tazawa

Late Devonian

  Japan

A member of Spiriferida belonging to the family Cyrtospiriferidae.

Dactylogonia costellata[51]

Sp. nov

Valid

Liljeroth et al.

Ordovician

Dunabrattin Limestone Formation
Tramore Limestone Formation

  Ireland

A member of Strophomenida belonging to the family Strophomenidae.

Dirafinesquina antiqua[61]

Sp. nov

Valid

Popov & Cocks

Ordovician (Dapingian)

  Iran

A strophomenoid brachiopod.

Discinisca suborbicularis[62]

Sp. nov

Valid

Smirnova et al.

Late Jurassic

  Russia

Discinisca undata[63]

Sp. nov

Valid

Smirnova in Smirnova et al.

Late Jurassic

  Russia

A brachiopod belonging to the family Discinidae, a species of Discinisca.

Elkanathyris[64]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Copper & Jin

Silurian (Aeronian)

  Canada
(  Quebec)

An athyride brachiopod. The type species is E. pallula.

Eoporambonites raziabadensis[61]

Sp. nov

Valid

Popov & Cocks

Ordovician (Dapingian)

  Iran

A porambonitoid brachiopod.

Foveola ivari[65]

Sp. nov

Valid[66]

Holmer et al.

Ordovician (Sandbian)

  Estonia

A member of Obolidae.

Gypidula xui[58]

Sp. nov

Valid

Lü & Ma

Devonian (late Frasnian)

  China

A member of Pentamerida.

Hesperorthis leinsterensis[51]

Sp. nov

Valid

Liljeroth et al.

Ordovician

Dunabrattin Limestone Formation
Tramore Limestone Formation

  Ireland

A member of Orthida belonging to the family Hesperorthidae.

Hexigtenichonetes[67]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Shen in Shen et al.

Permian (Guadalupian)

Miaoling Formation

  China

A member of Productida belonging to the family Rugosochonetidae. The type species is "Hemichonetes" hemipleura Li & Su in Li et al. (1980); genus also includes "Hemichonetes guangxingensis Li & Su in Li et al. (1980), "Hemichonetes subquadrata Li & Su in Li et al. (1980) and "Hemichonetes yanjiensis Li & Su in Li et al. (1980).

Hibernobonites[51]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Liljeroth et al.

Ordovician

Dunabrattin Limestone Formation
Tramore Limestone Formation
Tourmakeady Limestone Formation?

  Ireland

A member of Pentamerida belonging to the family Porambonitidae. The type species is "Atrypa" filosa M’Coy (1846); genus might also include "Porambonites" dubius Williams & Curry (1985).

Howellites hibernicus[51]

Sp. nov

Valid

Liljeroth et al.

Ordovician

Dunabrattin Limestone Formation
Tramore Limestone Formation

  Ireland

A member of Orthida belonging to the family Dalmanellidae.

Isophragma parallelum[51]

Sp. nov

Valid

Liljeroth et al.

Ordovician

Dunabrattin Limestone Formation
Tramore Limestone Formation

  Ireland

A member of Strophomenida belonging to the family Plectambonitidae.

Joania ukrainica[56]

Sp. nov

Valid

Bitner & Müller

Eocene (Priabonian)

  Ukraine

A member of Terebratulida belonging to the family Megathyrididae.

Karadagithyris boullierae[68]

Sp. nov

Valid

Halamski & Cherif

Late Jurassic (Oxfordian)

Argiles de Saïda Formation

  Algeria

A member of Terebratulida belonging to the family Muirwoodellidae.

Karlsorus[69]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Jin & Holmer

Silurian (Wenlock)

  Sweden

A new genus for "Pentamerus" gothlandicus Lebedev (1892).

Koninckodonta sumuntanensis[52]

Sp. nov

Valid

Baeza-Carratalá, Reolid & García Joral

Early Jurassic (late Pliensbachian–early Toarcian)

Zegrí Formation

  Spain

A member of Athyridida belonging to the family Koninckinidae.

Kurtothyris[67]

Nom. nov

Valid

Shen in Shen et al.

Permian (late Cisuralian)

Chihsia Formation

  China

A member of Spiriferida belonging to the family Skelidorygmidae; a replacement name for Litothyris Chang (1987). The type species is "Litothyris" anhuiensis Chang (1987).

Kyrshabaktella diabola[49]

Sp. nov

Valid

Skovsted et al.

Cambrian Stage 4

Forteau Formation

  Canada
(  Newfoundland and Labrador)

A member of Linguloidea belonging to the family Kyrshabaktellidae.

Lacunites ivantsovi[65]

Sp. nov

Valid[66]

Holmer et al.

Ordovician (early Darriwilian)

  Russia

A paterinid brachiopod.

Lamellaerhynchia carronensis[57]

Sp. nov

Valid

Gaspard

Early Cretaceous (Albian)

  France

A member of Rhynchonellida belonging to the family Cyclothyrididae.

Leptagonia franca[70]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mottequin & Simon

Carboniferous (Tournaisian)

Tournai Formation

  Belgium

A member of Strophomenoidea belonging to the family Rafinesquinidae.

Levipugnax? liui[58]

Sp. nov

Valid

Lü & Ma

Devonian (late Frasnian)

  China

A member of Rhynchonellida.

Liaotarimella[67]

Nom. nov

Valid

Shen in Shen et al.

Permian (Artinskian)

Wutankule Formation

  China

A member of Productida belonging to the family Productellidae. A replacement name for Tarimella Chen (2004). The type species is "Tarimella" tarimensis Chen (2004).

Lichuanorelloides[71]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Wang et al.

Early Triassic

  China

Genus includes new species L. lichuanensis.

Meristella? aksuensis[72]

Sp. nov

Valid

Modzalevskaya et al.

Devonian (Lochkovian)

  Tajikistan

Nisusia guizhouensis[73]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mao et al.

Cambrian

Kaili Formation
Qingxudong Formation

  China

A brachiopod belonging to the subphylum Rhynchonelliformea, order Kutorginida and the family Nisusiidae.

Nucleospira hannoniae[70]

Nom. nov

Valid

Mottequin & Simon

Carboniferous (Tournaisian)

Tournai Formation

  Belgium

A member of Athyridida belonging to the family Nucleospiridae; a replacement name for Athyris globulina de Koninck (1887).

Onniella variabilis[74]

Sp. nov

Valid

Harper, Parkes & Zhan

Ordovician (Katian)

Raheen Formation

  Ireland

A dalmanelloid brachiopod belonging to the family Dalmanellidae.

Ouraniorhynchus[72]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Modzalevskaya et al.

Devonian (Lochkovian)

  Tajikistan

A brachiopod. Genus includes new species O. dronovi.

Permocryptospirifer[67]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Shen & Grunt in Shen et al.

Permian (late Cisuralian and Guadalupian)

Chihsia Formation
Maokou Formation
Shazipo Formation

  China

A member of Athyridida belonging to the family Athyrididae. The type species is "Cryptospirifer" omeishanensis Huang (1933); genus also includes "Cryptospirifer" minor Yang (1984) and "Cryptospirifer" shawanensis Jin et al. (1974).

Piarorhynchella tazawai[55]

Sp. nov

Valid

Popov & Zakharov

Early Triassic (Olenekian)

  Russia
(  Primorsky Krai)

A member of Rhynchonellida.

Platystrophia tramorensis[51]

Sp. nov

Valid

Liljeroth et al.

Ordovician

Tramore Limestone Formation

  Ireland

A member of Orthida belonging to the family Platystrophiidae.

Pustulobolus[49]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Skovsted et al.

Cambrian Stage 3-4

Forteau Formation

  Canada
(  Newfoundland and Labrador)

A member of Linguloidea belonging to the family Eoobolidae. The type species is P. triangulus.

Qidongia[58]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Lü & Ma

Devonian (late Frasnian)

  China

A member of Terebratulida. The type species is Q. tani.

Rhipidomella discreta[75]

Sp. nov

Valid

Cisterna et al.

Carboniferous (late SerpukhovianBashkirian)

El Paso Formation

  Argentina

A brachiopod belonging to the group Orthida and the family Rhipidomellidae.

Rioultina zalasensis[76]

Sp. nov

Valid

Radwańska

Late Jurassic (Oxfordian)

  Poland

A member of Thecideida belonging to the family Thecidellinidae.

Sericoidea hibernica[74]

Sp. nov

Valid

Harper, Parkes & Zhan

Ordovician (Katian)

Raheen Formation

  Ireland

A plectambonitoid brachiopod belonging to the family Sowerbyellidae.

Serratocrista scaldisensis[70]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mottequin & Simon

Carboniferous (Tournaisian)

Tournai Formation

  Belgium

A member of Orthotetida belonging to the family Schuchertellidae.

Simehorthis[77]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Kebria-Ee Zadeh, Popov & Ghobadi Pour

Ordovician (Darriwilian)

Lashkarak Formation

  Iran

A member of Orthida belonging to the family Hesperorthidae. Genus includes new species S. fascicostellata.

Somalithyris lakhaparensis[78]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mukherjee & Shome

Late Jurassic (Tithonian)

  India

Starnikoviella[53]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Baranov

Ordovician

  Russia

The type species is S. settedabanica.

Tectogonotoechia rivasi[79]

Sp. nov

Valid

García-Alcalde & Herrera

Devonian (Pragian)

Nogueras Formation

  Spain

A member of Rhynchonellida belonging to the superfamily Ancistrorhynchoidea and the family Iberirhynchiidae.

Thomasaria? baii[58]

Sp. nov

Valid

Lü & Ma

Devonian (late Frasnian)

  China

A member of Spiriferida.

Thomasaria? liangi[58]

Sp. nov

Valid

Lü & Ma

Devonian (late Frasnian)

  China

A member of Spiriferida.

Tunethyris blodgetti[80]

Sp. nov

Valid

Feldman

Middle Triassic

Saharonim Formation

  Israel

A member of Terebratulida belonging to the family Dielasmatidae.

Westonia mardini[81]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mergl et al.

Cambrian (Furongian)

Sosink Formation

  Turkey

Xiangia[58]

Gen. et sp. nov

Junior homonym

Lü & Ma

Devonian (late Frasnian)

  China

A member of Spiriferida. The type species is X. liaoi. The generic name is preoccupied by Xiangia Peng (1987).

Zhanorthis[61]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Popov & Cocks

Ordovician (Dapingian)

  Iran

An orthoid brachiopod. Genus includes new species Z. gerdkuhensis.

Ziyunospirifer[82]

Nom. nov

Valid

Shen in Shen et al.

Early Carboniferous

Zhaojiashan Formation

  China

A member of Spiriferida belonging to the family Choristitidae; a replacement name for Quizhouspirifer Xian (1982). The type species is "Quizhouspirifer" ziyunensis Xian (1982).

MolluscsEdit

EchinodermsEdit

ResearchEdit

New taxaEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Amblypygus matruhensis[99]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ali

Middle Miocene

  Egypt

A sea urchin.

Ambonacrinus[100]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Cole et al.

Ordovician (Katian)

Fombuena Formation

  Spain

A diplobathrid camerate crinoid. Genus includes new species A. decorus.

Andymetra toarcensis[101]

Sp. nov

Valid

Hess & Thuy

Early Jurassic

  France

A comatulid crinoid.

Anthroosasterias[102]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Blake

Carboniferous

Gilmore City Formation

  United States
(  Iowa)

A starfish belonging to the family Urasterellidae. Genus includes new species A. mikrotero.

Antillaster farisi[103]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ali

Middle Eocene

  Egypt

A sea urchin.

Aspidophiura? seren[104]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ewin & Thuy

Jurassic

Oxford Clay Formation

  United Kingdom

A brittle star.

Ateleocystites? lansae[105]

Sp. nov

Valid

McDermott & Paul

Ordovician (Katian)

Slade and Redhill Beds

  United Kingdom

A mitrate belonging to the family Anomalocystitidae, possibly a species of Ateleocystites.

Brissus mihalyi[106]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Polonkai et al.

Middle Miocene

Leitha Limestone Formation

  Hungary

A heart urchin belonging to the family Brissidae.

Crepidosoma doylei[107]

Sp. nov

Valid

Blake, Donovan & Harper

Silurian (Telychian)

Kilbride Formation

  Ireland

A brittle star belonging to the group Oegophiurida and the family Encrinasteridae.

Dalicrinus[100]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Cole et al.

Ordovician (Katian)

Fombuena Formation

  Spain

A diplobathrid camerate crinoid. Genus includes new species D. hammanni.

Diplodetus brisenoi[108]

Sp. nov

Valid

Silva-Martínez et al.

Late Cretaceous (early Campanian)

Austin Formation

  Mexico

A heart urchin belonging to the family Brissidae.

Echinocyamus belali[103]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ali

Middle Eocene

  Egypt

A sea urchin.

Enakomusium whymanae[104]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ewin & Thuy

Jurassic

Oxford Clay Formation

  United Kingdom

A brittle star.

Eopatelliocrinus hispaniensis[100]

Sp. nov

Valid

Cole et al.

Ordovician (Katian)

Fombuena Formation

  Spain

A monobathrid camerate crinoid.

Eotiaris guadalupensis[109]

Sp. nov

Valid

Thompson in Thompson, Petsios & Bottjer

Permian (Capitanian)

Bell Canyon Formation

  United States
(  Texas)

A sea urchin. The name first appeared in the publication of Thompson et al. (2015);[110] however, it was published in an online only journal Scientific Reports and it was not registered with ZooBank, making it invalid until it was validated by Thompson, Petsios & Bottjer (2017).[109]

Felbabkacystis[111]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Nardin et al.

Cambrian (Drumian)

Jince Formation

  Czech Republic

A transitional form between calyx-bearing and theca-bearing blastozoans. Genus includes new species F. luckae.

Fombuenacrinus[100]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Cole et al.

Ordovician (Katian)

Fombuena Formation

  Spain

A diplobathrid camerate crinoid. Genus includes new species F. nodulus.

Forcipicrinus[101]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Hess & Thuy

Early Jurassic

  France

An isocrinid crinoid. Genus includes new species F. normannicus.

Globator roselli[112]

Sp. nov

Valid

Carrasco

Eocene

  Spain

A sea urchin related to members of the genus Conulus.

Goniopygus emmae[113]

Sp. nov

Valid

Forner i Valls

Late Cretaceous (Campanian)

  Morocco

A sea urchin belonging to the group Arbacioida and the family Acropeltidae.

Grigopyrgus[114]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Müller & Hahn

Early Devonian

  Germany

A member of Edrioasteroidea belonging to the family Agelacrinitidae; a new genus for "Agelacrinites" curvatus Grigo (1995).

Goyacrinus[100]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Cole et al.

Ordovician (Katian)

Fombuena Formation

  Spain

A diplobathrid camerate crinoid. Genus includes new species G. gutierrezi.

Heropyrgus[115]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Briggs et al.

Silurian

Herefordshire Lagerstätte

  United Kingdom

A rhenopyrgid edrioasteroid. The type species is H. disterminus.

Holocystites salmoensis[116]

Sp. nov

Valid

Sheffield, Ausich & Sumrall

Ordovician (Hirnantian)

Ellis Bay Formation

  Canada
(  Quebec)

A member of Diploporita belonging to the group Sphaeronitida and the family Holocystitidae.

Metalia lindaae[103]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ali

Middle Eocene

  Egypt

A sea urchin.

Monostychia alanrixi[117]

Sp. nov

Valid

Sadler, Martin & Gallagher

Miocene

Colville Sandstone

  Australia

A sea urchin.

Monostychia macnamarai[117]

Sp. nov

Valid

Sadler, Martin & Gallagher

Miocene

Colville Sandstone

  Australia

A sea urchin.

Monostychia robertirwini[117]

Sp. nov

Valid

Sadler, Martin & Gallagher

Miocene

Colville Sandstone

  Australia

A sea urchin.

Moroccodiscus[118]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Reich et al.

Ordovician (Darriwilian)

Taddrist Formation

  Morocco

A cyclocystoid echinoderm. Genus includes new species M. smithi.

Oehlerticrinus peachi[119]

Sp. nov

Valid

Donovan & Fearnhead

Early Devonian

Looe Basin

  United Kingdom

A crinoid belonging to the group Monobathrida and the family Hexacrinitidae.

Ophiotitanos smithi[104]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ewin & Thuy

Jurassic

Oxford Clay Formation

  United Kingdom

A brittle star.

Ova rancoca[120]

Sp. nov

Valid

Zachos

Paleocene (Thanetian)

Vincentown Formation

  United States
(  New Jersey)

A sea urchin.

Paerticrinus[121]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Wright & Toom

Silurian (Rhuddanian)

  Estonia

A crinoid. Genus includes new species P. arvosus.

Palaeocomaster structus[101]

Sp. nov

Valid

Hess & Thuy

Early Jurassic

  France

A comatulid crinoid.

Persiacarpos[122]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Rozhnov & Parsley

Cambrian

Mila Formation

  Iran

A member of Cornuta. Genus includes new species P. jefferiesi.

Petalobrissus ossoi[113]

Sp. nov

Valid

Forner i Valls

Late Cretaceous (Campanian)

  Morocco

A sea urchin belonging to the group Cassiduloida and the family Faujasidae.

Petalocrinus stenopetalus[123]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mao et al.

Silurian (Aeronian)

  China

A crinoid belonging to the family Petalocrinidae.

Picassocrinus[100]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Cole et al.

Ordovician (Katian)

Fombuena Formation

  Spain

A cladid crinoid. Genus includes new species P. villasi.

Ronsocrinus[124]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Cordie & Witzke

Devonian (Givetian)

  United States
(  Iowa)

A camerate crinoid belonging to the family Melocrinitidae. Genus includes new species R. rabia.

Salenia palmyra[120]

Sp. nov

Valid

Zachos

Paleocene (Danian)

Clayton Formation

  United States
(  Alabama
  Georgia (U.S. state))

A sea urchin.

Sanducystis[125]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Zamora et al.

Cambrian (Furongian)

Sandu Formation

  China

A stemmed echinoderm. The type species is S. sinensis.

Singillatimetra truncata[101]

Sp. nov

Valid

Hess & Thuy

Early Jurassic

  France

An isocrinid crinoid.

Solanocrinites jagti[101]

Sp. nov

Valid

Hess & Thuy

Early Jurassic

  France

A comatulid crinoid.

Spinimetra[101]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Hess & Thuy

Early Jurassic

  France

A comatulid crinoid. Genus includes new species S. chesnieri.

Spirocrinus circularis[123]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mao et al.

Silurian (Aeronian)

  China

A crinoid belonging to the family Petalocrinidae.

Spirocrinus dextrosus[123]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mao et al.

Silurian (Aeronian)

  China

A crinoid belonging to the family Petalocrinidae.

Staurasterias[102]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Blake

Carboniferous

Keokuk Formation

  United States
(  Indiana)

A starfish belonging to the family Urasterellidae. Genus includes new species S. elegans.

Sumrallia[126]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Müller & Hahn

Early Devonian

Seifen Formation

  Germany

A member of Edrioasteroidea. Genus includes new species S. rseiberti.

Superstesaster[127]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Villier et al.

Early Triassic

  United States
(  Utah)

A starfish. Genus includes new species S. promissor.

Teleosaster[128]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Hunter & McNamara

Permian (Kungurian)

Cundlego Formation

  Australia

A brittle star. Genus includes new species T. creasyi.

Tintinnabulicrinus[121]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Wright & Toom

Ordovician (Katian)

  Estonia

A crinoid. Genus includes new species T. estoniensis.

Ulphaceaster[129]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Néraudeau et al.

Late Cretaceous (Cenomanian)

  France

A sea urchin belonging to the family Archiaciidae. Genus includes new species U. sarthacensis.

Vologesia rollingstones[130]

Sp. nov

Valid

Schlüter & Wiese

Late Cretaceous (early Campanian)

  Spain

A sea urchin belonging to the family Echinolampadidae.

ConodontsEdit

ResearchEdit

  • A study on the conodont assemblage from the Silurian (Homerian) Rootsiküla Formation (Estonia), interpreted as occurring in the evaporite-bearing strata, and on the conodont diversity in various environments, is published by Jarochowska et al. (2017).[131]
  • Articulated skeletal remains of Hindeodus parvus, providing direct evidence of the number and arrangement of elements in the apparatus, are described from the Lower Triassic of China by Zhang et al. (2017).[132][133][134]

New taxaEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Acodus zeballus[135]

Sp. nov

Valid

Voldman & Albanesi in Voldman et al.

Early Ordovician

  Argentina

Aldridgeognathus[136]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Miller et al.

Ordovician (Darriwilian)

Amdeh Formation

  Oman

A member of Balognathidae. Genus includes new species A. manniki.

Bispathodus ultimus corradinii[137]

Subsp. nov

Valid

Söte, Hartenfels & Becker

Devonian (Famennian)

  Germany

Coelocerodontus hunanensis[138]

Sp. nov

Valid

Dong & Zhang

Cambrian (Furongian)

Panjiazui Formation

  China

A euconodont.

Ctenopolygnathus parallelus[139]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ovnatanova et al.

Late Devonian

Kedzyrschor Formation

  Russia

Fahraeusodus jachalensis[140]

Sp. nov

Valid

Feltes & Albanesi in Serra et al.

Ordovician (Darriwilian)

Gualcamayo Formation
Las Aguaditas Formation
Las Chacritas Formation
San Juan Formation

  Argentina

Furnishina wangcunensis[138]

Sp. nov

Valid

Dong & Zhang

Cambrian (Furongian)

Bitiao Formation

  China

A member of Paraconodontida.

Gothodus vetus[135]

Sp. nov

Valid

Voldman & Albanesi in Voldman et al.

Early Ordovician

  Argentina

Guexispathodus[141]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Plasencia et al.

Middle Triassic

Mukheiris Formation
Saharonim Formation

  Israel
  Jordan

A member of the family Gondolellidae. The type species is "Neospathodus" shagami Benjamini & Chepstow-Lusty (1986); genus also includes "Pseudofurnishius" siyalaensis Sadeddin & Kozur (1992).

Gullodus tieqiaoensis[142]

Sp. nov

Valid

Sun et al.

Permian

  China

Icriodus ballbergensis[143]

Sp. nov

Valid

Lüddecke, Hartenfels & Becker

Devonian (Famennian)

  Germany

Icriodus marieae[144]

Sp. nov

Valid

Suttner, Kido & Suttner

Middle Devonian

Valentin Formation

  Austria
  France
  Germany

Idiognathodus boardmani[145]

Sp. nov

Valid

Hogancamp & Barrick

Carboniferous (Gzhelian)

Heebner Shale

  United States

Idiognathodus itaitubensis[146]

Sp. nov

Valid

Cardoso, Sanz-López & Blanco-Ferrera

Carboniferous (Pennsylvanian)

Tapajós Group

  Brazil

Idiognathoides luokunensis[147]

Sp. nov

Valid

Hu & Qi in Hu et al.

Carboniferous (Bashkirian)

  China

Iowagnathus[148]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Liu et al.

Ordovician (Whiterock Stage)

Winneshiek Konservat-Lagerstätte

  United States
(  Iowa)

Genus includes new species I. grandis.

Kirilella[141]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Plasencia et al.

Middle Triassic

  Austria
  Canada
  China
  Egypt
  Hungary
  Israel
  Italy
  Japan
  Jordan
  Russia
  Spain
  United States

A member of the family Gondolellidae. The type species is "Polygnathus" mungoensis Diebel (1956); genus also includes "Tardogondolella" diebeli Kozur & Mostler (1971), "Epigondolella" mostleri Kozur in Kozur & Mock (1972) and "Metapolygnathus" longobardicus Kovács (1983).

Laiwugnathus hunanensis[138]

Sp. nov

Valid

Dong & Zhang

Cambrian (Drumian)

Huaqiao Formation

  China

A member of Paraconodontida.

Laiwugnathus transitans[138]

Sp. nov

Valid

Dong & Zhang

Cambrian (Guzhangian and Paibian)

Chefu Formation

  China

A member of Paraconodontida.

Lenathodus[149]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Izokh in Izokh & Yazikov

Early Carboniferous

  Russia

Genus includes new species L. bakharevi.

Lugnathus[138]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Dong & Zhang

Cambrian Stage 10 and Early Ordovician (Tremadocian)

Panjiazui Formation

  China

A member of Paraconodontida. Genus includes new species L. hunanensis.

Marquezella[141]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Plasencia et al.

Middle Triassic

  Austria
  Bulgaria
  China
  France
  Greece
  Hungary
  India
  Italy
  Japan
  Russia
  Slovakia
  Slovenia
  Spain

A member of the family Gondolellidae. The type species is "Gladigondolella" truempyi Hirsch (1971); genus also includes "Polygnathus" japonicus Hayashi (1968).

Mayrodus[150]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Zhang, Jowett & Barnes

Silurian (Sheinwoodian)

Cape Phillips Formation

  Canada
(  Nunavut)

A conodont of uncertain phylogenetic placement. The type species is M. melchini.

Miaognathus[138]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Dong & Zhang

Cambrian Stage 10

Shenjiawan Formation

  China

A member of Paraconodontida. Genus includes new species M. multicostatus.

Millerodontus[138]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Dong & Zhang

Cambrian (Furongian)

Shenjiawan Formation

  China

A euconodont. Genus includes new species M. intermedius.

Mosherella praebudaensis[151]

Sp. nov

Valid

Chen & Lukeneder

Late Triassic (Carnian)

Kasimlar Formation

  Turkey

Neopolygnathus communis yazikovi[149]

Subsp. nov

Valid

Izokh in Izokh & Yazikov

Early Carboniferous

  Russia

Neopolygnathus crucesignatis[152]

Sp. nov

Valid

Plotitsyn & Zhuravlev

Carboniferous (Tournaisian)

  Russia

Norigondolella carlae[153]

Sp. nov

In press

Rigo et al.

Late Triassic (Carnian)

Scillato Formation

  Austria
  Italy
  Turkey

A member of Ozarkodinida.

Omanognathus[136]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Miller et al.

Ordovician (Darriwilian)

Amdeh Formation

  Oman

A member of Balognathidae. Genus includes new species O. daiqaensis.

Palmatolepis chernovi[154]

Sp. nov

Valid

Soboleva

Devonian (Frasnian)

  Russia

Palmatolepis spallettae[155]

Nom. nov

Valid

Klapper et al.

Devonian (Frasnian)

  Canada
(  Ontario)

A replacement name for Palmatolepis nodosa Klapper et al. (2004).

Palmatolepis zhuravlevi[154]

Sp. nov

Valid

Soboleva

Devonian (Frasnian)

  Russia

Polygnathus arcus[152]

Sp. nov

Valid

Plotitsyn & Zhuravlev

Carboniferous (Tournaisian)

  Russia

Polygnathus mawsonae[139]

Sp. nov

Junior homonym

Ovnatanova et al.

Devonian (Famennian)

Sortomael’ Formation

  Australia
  Russia

Ovnatanova et al. (2019) coined a replacement name Polygnathus sharyuensis.[156]

Polygnathus postvogesi[157]

Sp. nov

Valid

Plotitsyn & Zhuravlev

Carboniferous (Tournaisian)

  Russia

Prosagittodontus compressus[138]

Sp. nov

Valid

Dong & Zhang

Cambrian (Guzhangian and Paibian)

Chefu Formation

  China

A member of Paraconodontida.

Pseudohindeodus elliptica[142]

Sp. nov

Valid

Sun et al.

Permian

  China

Quadralella wanlanensis[158]

Sp. nov

Valid

Zhang et al.

Triassic

  China

Quadralella yongyueensis[158]

Sp. nov

Valid

Zhang et al.

Triassic

  China

Siphonodella carinata[159]

Sp. nov

Valid

Zhuravlev

Carboniferous (Tournaisian)

Idzhid Formation

  Russia
(  Komi Republic)

Siphonodella kalvodai[160]

Sp. nov

Valid

Kaiser, Kumpan & Cígler

Carboniferous (Tournaisian)

Líšeň Formation

  Czech Republic
  Tajikistan

A member of Ozarkodinida belonging to the family Elictognathidae.

Sweetognathus asymmetrica[142]

Sp. nov

Valid

Sun et al.

Permian

  China

Tujiagnathus[138]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Dong & Zhang

Cambrian (Furongian)

Bitiao Formation

  China

A euconodont. Genus includes new species T. gracilis.

Vjalovognathus carinatus[161]

Sp. nov

Valid

Wang et al.

Permian (Changhsingian)

  China
  India

Wangcunella[138]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Dong & Zhang

Cambrian (Furongian)

Bitiao Formation

  China

A euconodont. Genus includes new species W. conicus.

Wangcunognathus[138]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Dong & Zhang

Cambrian (Paibian)

Bitiao Formation

  China

A member of Paraconodontida. Genus includes new species W. elegans.

Westergaardodina dimorpha[138]

Sp. nov

Valid

Dong & Zhang

Cambrian (Paibian)

Bitiao Formation

  China

A member of Paraconodontida.

Westergaardodina gigantea[138]

Sp. nov

Valid

Dong & Zhang

Cambrian (Guzhangian)

Chefu Formation

  China

A member of Paraconodontida.

Westergaardodina sola[138]

Sp. nov

Valid

Dong & Zhang

Cambrian (Guzhangian)

Chefu Formation

  China

A member of Paraconodontida.

Zentagnathus[135]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Voldman & Albanesi in Voldman et al.

Early Ordovician

  Argentina

A new genus for "Trapezognathus" primitivus Voldman, Albanesi & Zeballo in Voldman et al. (2013); genus also includes "Trapezognathus" argentinensis Rao et al. (1994)

FishesEdit

AmphibiansEdit

ResearchEdit

  • A study on the evolution of eye size in early tetrapods and in fish belonging to the lineage that gave rise to tetrapods, as well as on the impact of the eye size on the eye performance while viewing objects through water and through air is published by MacIver et al. (2017).[162]
  • A study on the influence of habitat traits on the persistence length of living and fossil amphibian species is published by Tietje & Rödel (2017).[163]
  • A study on the development of the vertebral intercentrum and pleurocentrum in fossil amphibians is published by Danto et al. (2017).[164]
  • A study on the probable function of the interpterygoid vacuities (holes in the palate) in temnospondyls as the site of muscle attachment is published by Witzmann & Werneburg (2017).[165]
  • A study on the earliest larval development in temnospondyls, as indicated by specimens from the Permian (Sakmarian) lake sediments near Obermoschel (Saar–Nahe Basin, Germany), is published by Werneburg (2017).[166]
  • A study on the histology of the small palatal plates and their denticles in a Permian dissorophoid temnospondyl from the Dolese Brothers Limestone Quarry near Richards Spur (Oklahoma, United States) is published by Gee, Haridy & Reisz (2017).[167]
  • Taxonomic revision of all described rhinesuchids and a study on the phylogenetic relationships of members of Rhinesuchidae is published by Marsicano et al. (2017), who transfer the species "Rhinesuchus" capensis Haughton (1925) to the genus Rhinesuchoides.[168]
  • New specimen of the rhinesuchid Australerpeton cosgriffi (a skull and mandible) is described from the Permian Rio do Rasto Formation (Brazil) by Azevedo, Vega & Soares (2017).[169]
  • A description of the anatomy of the braincase and middle ear regions of an exceptionally well-preserved skull of Stanocephalosaurus amenasensis from the Triassic of Algeria is published by Arbez, Dahoumane & Steyer (2017).[170]
  • A study on the anatomy of the skulls of metoposaurid species Metoposaurus krasiejowensis and Apachesaurus gregorii, as well as its implications for establishing whether metoposaurids were active or ambush predators is published by Fortuny, Marcé-Nogué & Konietzko-Meier (2017).[171]
  • An analysis of the microanatomy and histology of metoposaurid vertebra from the Petrified Forest National Park is published by Gee, Parker & Marsh (2017), who interpret Apachesaurus gregorii as more likely to be an early ontogenetic stage of a large metoposaurid, such as Koskinonodon perfectus rather than a distinct species.[172]
  • A juvenile specimen of Koskinonodon perfectus is described from the Norian Petrified Forest Member of the Late Triassic Chinle Formation (Arizona, United States) by Gee & Parker (2017).[173]
  • A study on the physiology (especially metabolic rate, body temperature, breathing, feeding, digestion, osmoregulation and excretion) of Archegosaurus decheni is published by Witzmann & Brainerd (2017).[174]
  • A study on the histology of the dermal skull roof bones in Kokartus honorarius is published by Skutschas & Boitsova (2017).[175]
  • Fossilized soft tissues preserved with the type specimen of the salamander Phosphotriton sigei are described by Tissier, Rage & Laurin (2017).[176]
  • A study on the bite force in extant Cranwell's horned frog (Ceratophrys cranwelli) and its implications for estimating the bite force in the Late Cretaceous species Beelzebufo ampinga is published by Lappin et al. (2017).[177]
  • A study on the morphology of the skull of Lethiscus stocki and on the phylogenetic relationships of early tetrapods, recovering lepospondyls as a polyphyletic group, is published by Pardo et al. (2017).[178]

New taxaEdit

TemnospondylsEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Aphaneramma gavialimimus[179]

Sp. nov

Valid

Fortuny et al.

Early Triassic (Olenekian)

  Madagascar

Chinlestegophis[180]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Pardo, Small & Huttenlocker

Late Triassic

Chinle Formation

  United States
(  Colorado)

A member of Stereospondyli, possibly a stem-caecilian. The type species is C. jenkinsi.

Cyclotosaurus naraserluki[181]

Sp. nov

Valid

Marzola et al.

Late Triassic

Fleming Fjord Formation

  Greenland

Tomeia[182]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Eltink, Stock Da-Rosa, & Dias-da-Silva

Early Triassic

Sanga do Cabral Formation

  Brazil

A capitosaur.

LissamphibiansEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Chachaiphrynus[183]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Nicoli

Oligocene

  Argentina

A member of Odontophrynidae. The type species is C. lynchi.

Genibatrachus[184]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Gao & Chen

Early Cretaceous

Guanghua (upper part of Longjiang) Formation

  China

A crown-group frog. The type species is G. baoshanensis.

Sanshuibatrachus[185]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Wang, Roček & Dong

Early Eocene

  China

A pelobatoid frog of uncertain phylogenetic placement. Genus includes new species S. sinensis.

Other amphibiansEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Spathicephalus marsdeni[186]

Sp. nov

Valid

Smithson et al.

Carboniferous (Viséan)

Anstruther Formation

  United Kingdom

A member of the supefamily Baphetoidea.

Yumenerpeton[187]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Jiang, Ji & Mo

Middle Permian

Xidagou Formation

  China

A bystrowianid chroniosuchian. The type species is Y. yangi.

LepidosaursEdit

RhynchocephaliansEdit

ResearchEdit

New taxaEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Deltadectes[193]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Whiteside, Duffin & Furrer

Late Triassic

   Switzerland

A basal member of Rhynchocephalia. The type species is D. elvetica.

Gephyrosaurus evansae[194]

Sp. nov

Valid

Whiteside & Duffin

Late Triassic (Rhaetian)

  United Kingdom

Penegephyrosaurus[194]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Whiteside & Duffin

Late Triassic (Rhaetian)

  United Kingdom

A member of the family Gephyrosauridae. The type species is P. curtiscoppi.

Vadasaurus[195]

Gen. et sp. nov

Bever & Norell

Late Jurassic (Kimmeridgian)

Solnhofen Limestone

  Germany

A relative of pleurosaurids. The type species is V. herzogi.

Lizards and snakesEdit

ResearchEdit

  • A study comparing inner ear morphology of Dinilysia patagonica and extant lizards and snakes is published by Palci et al. (2017).[196]
  • An overview of the discoveries of Mesozoic lizards from Brazil is published by Simões et al. (2017).[197]
  • A study on the origins of the Australian fauna of lizards and snakes is published by Oliver & Hugall (2017).[198]
  • A study on the nomenclature and phylogenetic relationships of the lizard species assigned to the genus Necrosaurus is published by Georgalis (2017), who assigns the species Necrosaurus cayluxi and Melanosauroides giganteus to the genus Palaeovaranus and names a new family Palaeovaranidae.[199]
  • A study on the anatomy and phylogenetic relationships of Eichstaettisaurus schroederi and Ardeosaurus digitatellus is published by Simões et al. (2017).[200]
  • A redescription of the anatomy of the holotype specimen of the teiid species Callopistes bicuspidatus from the late Miocene–early Pliocene of Argentina is published by Brizuela & Albino (2017).[201]
  • An almost complete skull and a few associated postcranial bones of the lacertid Dracaenosaurus croizeti are described from the Oligocene locality of Cournon (south-central France) by Čerňanský et al. (2017).[202]
  • A description of the anatomy of the postcranial skeleton of the putative stem-amphisbaenian Slavoia darevskii and a study on its implications for the evolution of the postcranial skeleton of amphisbaenians is published by Tałanda (2017).[203]
  • Description of a new specimen of Geiseltaliellus maarius from the Eocene Messel pit (Germany), preserving details of the squamation, is published by Smith (2017).[204]
  • A study testing whether extant anole species adapted to similar ecological niches have similar semicircular canal morphologies, as well as a reconstruction of the vestibular system in five Miocene anoles from the Dominican Republic and a study on their ecology is published by Dickson et al. (2017).[205]
  • An autotomized tail of a shinisaurid is described from the Eocene Messel pit (Germany) by Smith (2017).[206]
  • Fossils of a monitor lizard are described from the middle Pleistocene of Greece by Georgalis, Villa & Delfino (2017), representing the most recent known record of the family Varanidae from Europe.[207]
  • A study on the phylogenetic relationships of members of Mosasauroidea is published by Simões et al. (2017).[208]
  • A study on the robustness of the hypotheses about mosasauroid phylogenetic relationships and a reevaluation of the dataset from the study of Simões et al. (2017) is published by Madzia & Cau (2017).[209]
  • A revision of mosasauroids from the Upper Cretaceous marine sediments associated with Gondwanan landmasses is published by Jiménez-Huidobro, Simões & Caldwell (2017).[210]
  • A redescription of Mosasaurus hoffmannii based on examination of many specimens is published by Street & Caldwell (2017), who also provide emended diagnoses for both the genus Mosasaurus and its type species M. hoffmannii.[211]
  • A study on the presence of ligamentous tooth attachment in mosasaurs and in fossil and modern snakes is published by LeBlanc, Lamoureux & Caldwell (2017).[212]
  • A pachyostotic marine squamate specimen belonging to the family Pachyophiidae, consisting of 29 vertebrae, is described from the Upper Cretaceous (Turonian) of Bosnia and Herzegovina by Đurić et al. (2017).[213]
  • An overview of the snake fossil record from Brazil is published by Onary, Fachini & Hsiou (2017).[214]
  • A redescription of the type material of Gigantophis garstini, a reevaluation of referred material from North Africa and Pakistan, and a study on the phylogenetic relationships of Gigantophis and other madtsoiids is published by Rio & Mannion (2017).[215]
  • Snake fossils, including the first record of an indigenous member of the genus Pantherophis in West Indies and the first reported member of the genus Nerodia in the fossil record of West Indies, are described from the late Pleistocene of the Bahamas by Mead & Steadman (2017).[216]
  • A large viperine snake assigned to the genus Macrovipera is reported from the early Vallesian of Romania by Codrea et al. (2017), representing the first occurrence of this genus in the late Miocene of eastern Romania.[217]

New taxaEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Gaimanophis powelli[218]

Sp. nov

Valid

Albino

Late Miocene

India Muerta Formation

  Argentina

A boa.

Kaikaifilu[219]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Otero et al.

Late Cretaceous (late Maastrichtian)

Lopez de Bertodano Formation

  Antarctica

A mosasaur. The type species is K. hervei.

Magnuviator[220]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

DeMar et al.

Late Cretaceous (Campanian)

Two Medicine Formation

  United States
(  Montana)

A member of Iguanomorpha (the group containing crown and stem-iguanians) related to Saichangurvel davidsoni and Temujinia ellisoni. The type species is M. ovimonsensis.

Norisophis[221]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Klein et al.

Cretaceous

Kem Kem Beds

  Morocco

A stem-snake. The type species is N. begaa.

Oardasaurus[222]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Codrea, Venczel & Solomon

Late Cretaceous (Maastrichtian)

  Romania

A member of Teiioidea, possibly a relative of Barbatteius vremiri. Genus includes new species O. glyphis.

Pholidoscelis turukaeraensis[223]

Sp. nov

Valid

Bochaton et al.

Late Pleistocene and Holocene

  France
(Marie-Galante Island)

A member of Teiidae.

Schoenesmahl[224]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Conrad

Late Jurassic (Tithonian)

Solnhofen Limestone

  Germany

A relative of Ardeosaurus found in the abdominal cavity of the holotype specimen of Compsognathus longipes. The type species is S. dyspepsia.

Stefanikia[225]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Čerňanský & Smith

Eocene

Messel pit

  Germany

A lizard related to Eolacerta and the wall lizards. The type species is S. siderea.

Varanus mokrensis[226]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ivanov et al.

Early Miocene

  Czech Republic

A monitor lizard.

Yabeinosaurus bicuspidens[227]

Sp. nov

Valid

Dong, Wang & Evans

Early Cretaceous

Yixian Formation

  China

Yabeinosaurus robustus[227]

Sp. nov

Valid

Dong, Wang & Evans

Early Cretaceous

  China

Zilantophis[228]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Jasinski & Moscato

Late Hemphillian

Gray Fossil Site

  United States
(  Tennessee)

A colubrid snake. Genus includes new species Z. schuberti.

IchthyosauromorphsEdit

ResearchEdit

New taxaEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Gengasaurus[235]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Paparella et al.

Late Jurassic

  Italy

A member of Ophthalmosauridae. The type species is G. nicosiai.

Keilhauia[236]

Gen. et sp. nov

Disputed

Delsett et al.

Early Cretaceous (early Berriasian)

Agardhfjellet Formation

  Norway

A member of Ophthalmosauridae. The type species is K. nui. Zverkov & Prilepskaya (2019) considered Keilhauia to be a junior synonym of the genus Arthropterygius, and considered K. nui to be nomen dubium.[237]

Protoichthyosaurus applebyi[238]

Sp. nov

Valid

Lomax, Massare & Mistry

Early Jurassic (Hettangian)

  United Kingdom

SauropterygiansEdit

ResearchEdit

New taxaEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Acostasaurus[260]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Gómez-Pérez & Noè

Early Cretaceous (Barremian)

Paja Formation

  Colombia

A member of the family Pliosauridae. Genus includes new species A. pavachoquensis.

Hispaniasaurus[261]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Marquez-Aliaga et al.

Middle Triassic (Ladinian)

Cañete Formation

  Spain

A marine reptile with nothosauroid affinities. The type species is H. cranioelongatus.

Lagenanectes[262]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Sachs, Hornung & Kear

Early Cretaceous (probably late Hauterivian)

  Germany

A member of Elasmosauridae. The type species is L. richterae.

Luskhan[263]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Fischer et al.

Early Cretaceous

  Russia

A member of Pliosauridae. The type species is L. itilensis.

Mauriciosaurus[264]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Frey et al.

Late Cretaceous

Aguas Nuevas Formation

  Mexico

A member of Polycotylidae. The type species is M. fernandezi.

Nakonanectes[265]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Serratos, Druckenmiller & Benson

Late Cretaceous (early Maastrichtian)

Bearpaw Shale

  United States
(  Montana)

A member of Elasmosauridae. The type species is N. bradti.

Rhaeticosaurus[266]

Gen. et sp. nov

Wintrich et al.

Late Triassic (Rhaetian)

Exter Formation

  Germany

An early plesiosaur, possibly a basal member of Pliosauridae. The type species is R. mertensi.

Thaumatodracon[267]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Smith & Araújo

Early Jurassic (Sinemurian)

  United Kingdom

A member of the family Rhomaleosauridae. The type species is T. wiedenrothi.

TurtlesEdit

ResearchEdit

New taxaEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Andrewsemys[298]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Pérez-García

Late Eocene and early Oligocene

  Egypt

A member of the family Podocnemididae belonging to the subfamily Erymnochelyinae; a new genus for "Stereogenys" libyca Andrews (1903).

Apalone amorense[299]

Sp. nov

Valid

Valdes, Bourque & Vitek

Miocene (Clarendonian)

Alachua Formation

  United States
(  Florida)

A species of Apalone.

Cabindachelys[300]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Myers et al.

Early Paleocene

  Angola

A stem-cheloniid. The type species is C. landanensis.

Chelonoidis marcanoi[301]

Sp. nov

Disputed

Turvey et al.

Late Quaternary

  Dominican Republic

A tortoise, a species of Chelonoidis. Considered to be a nomen dubium by Albury et al. (2018).[302]

Eocenochelus[303]

Gen. et comb. et 2 sp. nov

Valid

Pérez-García, de Lapparent de Broin & Murelaga

Eocene (middle Ypresian to Priabonian)

  Belgium[304]
  France
  Spain
  United Kingdom[305]

A member of Podocnemididae belonging to the subfamily Erymnochelyinae. The type species is "Erymnochelys" eremberti Broin (1977); genus also includes new species E. lacombianus and E. farresi.

Lutemys[306]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Lyson, Joyce & Sertich

Late Cretaceous (Campanian)

Kaiparowits Formation

  United States
(  Utah)

A stem-kinosternoid. Genus includes new species L. warreni.

Mendozachelys[307]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

De la Fuente et al.

Late Cretaceous (late Campanian–early Maastrichtian)

Loncoche Formation

  Argentina

A member of Chelidae. The type species is M. wichmanni.

Perochelys hengshanensis[308]

Sp. nov

Valid

Brinkman, Rabi & Zhao

Early Cretaceous

Hengshan Formation

  China

A pan-trionychid.

Petrochelys[309]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Vitek et al.

Early Cretaceous (Albian)

  Kyrgyzstan

A member of Trionychidae; a new genus for "Trionyx" kyrgyzensis Nessov (1995).

Plesiochelys bigleri[310]

Sp. nov

Valid

Püntener, Anquetin & Billon-Bruyat

Late Jurassic (Kimmeridgian)

Reuchenette Formation

   Switzerland

A member of the family Plesiochelyidae.

Rionegrochelys[311]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

De la Fuente, Maniel & Jannello in De La Fuente et al.

Late Cretaceous

Plottier Formation

  Argentina

A relative of members of the family Chelidae. The type species is R. caldieroi.

“Trionyx” onomatoplokos[312]

Nom. nov

Valid

Georgalis & Joyce

Late Cretaceous (Santonian–early Campanian)

Bostobe Svita

  Kazakhstan

A member of Pan-Trionychidae of uncertain phylogenetic placement; a replacement name for Palaeotrionyx riabinini Kuznetsov & Chkhikvadze (1987).

ArchosauriformesEdit

ArchosaursEdit

Other archosauriformsEdit

Other reptilesEdit

ResearchEdit

New taxaEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Avicranium[336]

Gen. et sp. nov

Pritchard & Nesbitt

Late Triassic (late Norian or Rhaetian)

Chinle Formation

  United States
(  New Mexico)

A member of the family Drepanosauridae. The type species is A. renestoi.

Pectodens[337]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Li et al.

Middle Triassic (Anisian)

Guanling Formation

  China

A long-necked archosauromorph reptile of uncertain phylogenetic placement, possibly a member of Protorosauria. The type species is P. zhenyuensis.

Shringasaurus[338]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Sengupta, Ezcurra & Bandyopadhyay

Middle Triassic (Anisian)

Denwa Formation

  India

An archosauromorph reptile belonging to the group Allokotosauria and the family Azendohsauridae. The type species is S. indicus.

SynapsidsEdit

Non-mammalian synapsidsEdit

ResearchEdit

New taxaEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Alemoatherium[369]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Martinelli et al.

Late Triassic (late Carnian)

Santa Maria Formation

  Brazil

A cynodont belonging to the group Prozostrodontia. The type species is A. huebneri.

Aleodon cromptoni[370]

Sp. nov

Valid

Martinelli et al.

Triassic (Ladinian—early Carnian)

  Brazil
  Namibia?

A cynodont belonging to the family Chiniquodontidae.

Bulbasaurus[371]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Kammerer & Smith

Late Permian

Teekloof Formation

  South Africa

A dicynodont belonging to the family Geikiidae. The type species is B. phylloxyron.

Dalongkoua[372]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Liu & Abdala

Late Permian

Guodikeng Formation

  China

A therocephalian. The type species is D. fuae.

Microwhaitsia[373]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Huttenlocker & Smith

Permian (Wuchiapingian)

Teekloof Formation

  South Africa

A whaitsiid therocephalian. The type species is M. mendrezi.

Nuurtherium[374]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Velazco, Buczek & Novacek

Late Jurassic

Ulan Malgait Sequence

  Mongolia

A tritylodontid cynodont. The type species is N. baruunensis.

Ophidostoma[373]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Huttenlocker & Smith

Permian (Wuchiapingian)

Teekloof Formation

  South Africa

A whaitsioid therocephalian of uncertain phylogenetic placement. The type species is O. tatarinovi.

Parasuminia[375]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Kurkin

Permian (Severodvinian)

  Russia

An anomodont belonging to the family Galeopidae. Genus includes new species P. ivakhnenkoi.

Scalenodon ribeiroae[376]

Sp. nov

Valid

Melo, Martinelli & Soares

Triassic

Santa Maria Supersequence

  Brazil

A traversodontid cynodont.

Shartegodon[374]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Velazco, Buczek & Novacek

Late Jurassic

Ulan Malgait Sequence

  Mongolia

A tritylodontid cynodont. The type species is S. altai.

Shiguaignathus[377]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Liu & Abdala

Late Permian

Naobaogou Formation

  China

An akidnognathid therocephalian. The type species is S. wangi.

MammalsEdit

Other animalsEdit

ResearchEdit

New taxaEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Acoelia discontinua[399]

Sp. nov

Valid

Wu

Permian (Changhsingian)

  China

A calcareous sponge belonging to the order Inozoa and the family Acoeliidae.

Aeroretiolites[400]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Melchin, Lenz & Kozłowska

Silurian

  Canada

A graptolite. Genus includes new species A. cancellatus.

Aladraco[401]

Nom. et sp. nov

Valid

Geyer

Cambrian

Jbel Wawrmast Formation
Tannenknock Formation

  Germany
  Morocco

A member of Hyolitha; a replacement name for Oxyprymna Kiderlen (1933). Genus includes A. schloppensis (Wurm, 1925) and a new species A. ougnatensis.

Allonnia erjiensis[402]

Sp. nov

Valid

Yun, Zhang & Li

Cambrian

Chengjiang Lagerstätte

  China

A chancelloriid.

Andiprion[403]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Hints et al.

Ordovician (Dapingian)

  Argentina

A polychaete described on the basis of scolecodonts. Genus includes new species A. paxtonae.

Angulosuspongia[404][405]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Yang et al.

Cambrian Stage 5

Kaili Formation

  China

A sponge belonging to the order Verongida and the family Vauxiidae. Genus includes new species A. sinensis.

Ankalodous[406]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Shu et al.

Cambrian Series 3

Qiongzhusi (Chiungchussu) Formation

  China

An arrow worm. The type species is A. sericus.

Archaeochionelasmus[407]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Kočí et al.

Late Cretaceous (Cenomanian)

Bohemian Cretaceous Basin

  Czech Republic

An animal of uncertain phylogenetic placement. Originally interpreted as a barnacle belonging to the group Balanomorpha and the superfamily Chionelasmatoidea; Gale & Skelton (2018) considered it to be a rudist bivalve instead.[408] Genus includes new species A. nekvasilovae.

Biskolites[409]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Valent, Fatka & Marek

Cambrian (Drumian)

Buchava Formation

  Czech Republic

A member of Hyolitha. Genus includes new species B. iactans.

Capinatator[410]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Briggs & Caron

Cambrian

Burgess Shale

  Canada
(  British Columbia)

An arrow worm. The type species is C. praetermissus.

Caryosyntrips camurus[393]

Sp. nov

Valid

Pates & Daley

Cambrian

Burgess Shale
Langston Formation
Valdemiedes Formation?

  Canada
(  British Columbia)
  United States
(  Utah)
  Spain?

A member of Radiodonta.

Caryosyntrips durus[393]

Sp. nov

Valid

Pates & Daley

Cambrian

Wheeler Shale

  United States
(  Utah)

A member of Radiodonta.

Cloudina ningqiangensis[411]

Sp. nov

Valid

Cai et al.

Late Ediacaran

  China

Cloudina xuanjiangpingensis[411]

Sp. nov

Valid

Cai et al.

Late Ediacaran

  China

Conchicolites rossicus[412]

Sp. nov

Valid

Vinn & Madison

Ordovician (Katian)

  Russia

A member of Cornulitida belonging to the family Cornulitidae.

Conciliospongia[413]

Gen. et sp. nov

Botting, Zhang & Muir

Late Ordovician

Wenchang Formation

  China

A stem-demosponge of uncertain phylogenetic placement. The type species is C. anjiensis.

Corallistes campanensis[414]

Sp. nov

Valid

Świerczewska-Gładysz

Late Cretaceous (early Campanian)

  Poland

A lithistid demosponge belonging to the family Corallistidae.

Cretacimermis aphidophilus[415]

Sp. nov

Valid

Poinar

Late Cretaceous (Cenomanian)

Burmese amber

  Myanmar

A nematode belonging to the family Mermithidae.

Eolorica[416]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Harvey & Butterfield

Cambrian (Furongian)

Deadwood Formation

  Canada
(  Saskatchewan)

A member of the total group of Loricifera. The type species is E. deadwoodensis.

Eorograptus spirifer[400]

Sp. nov

Valid

Melchin, Lenz & Kozłowska

Silurian

  Canada

A graptolite.

Feiyanella[417]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Han et al.

Earliest Cambrian

Kuanchuanpu Formation

  China

A Cloudina-like tubular microfossil. The type species is F. manica.

Geoditesia jordaniensis[418]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ungureanu, Ahmad & Farouk

Middle Jurassic (Callovian)

  Jordan

A sponge.

Glomerula gemmellaroi[419]

Sp. nov

Valid

Sanfilippo in Sanfilippo et al.

Permian

“Pietra di Salomone” Limestone

  Italy

A polychaete belonging to the family Sabellidae, a species of Glomerula.

Guettardiscyphia zitti[420]

Sp. nov

Valid

Vodrážka

Late Cretaceous (Turonian)

Bílá Hora Formation

  Czech Republic

A hexactinellid sponge belonging to the family Cribrospongiidae.

Inquicus[421]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Cong et al.

Early Cambrian

Chengjiang Lagerstätte

  China

A tiny worm infecting members of the genera Cricocosmia and Mafangscolex. Genus includes new species I. fellatus.

Keretsa[422]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Ivantsov

Late Precambrian

Zimnie Gory Formation

  Russia
(  Arkhangelsk Oblast)

An early eumetazoan, showing similarities to the arthropod species Naraoia longicaudata. The type species is K. brutoni.

Labechia yeongwolense[423]

Sp. nov

Valid

Jeon et al.

Ordovician (Darriwilian)

Yeongheung Formation

  South Korea

A stromatoporoid.

Lepidocoleus kuangguoduni[424]

Sp. nov

Valid

Gügel et al.

Devonian (Eifelian)

Nandan Formation

  China

A machaeridian.

‘Linevitus’ guizhouensis[425]

Sp. nov

Valid

Sun et al.

Cambrian Stage 4

Balang Formation

  China

A member of Hyolitha.

Microdictyon cuneum[426]

Sp. nov

Valid

Wotte & Sundberg

Cambrian

  United States
(  Nevada)

A lobopodian.

Microdictyon montezumaensis[426]

Sp. nov

Valid

Wotte & Sundberg

Cambrian

  United States
(  Nevada)

A lobopodian.

Mughanniyyum[418]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Ungureanu, Ahmad & Farouk

Middle Jurassic (Callovian)

  Jordan

A sponge. Genus includes new species M. hanium.

Multiconotubus[411]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Cai et al.

Late Ediacaran

  China

A Cloudina-like fossil. Genus includes new species M. chinensis.

Neophrissospongia kacperskii[414]

Sp. nov

Valid

Świerczewska-Gładysz

Late Cretaceous (early Campanian)

  Poland

A lithistid demosponge belonging to the family Corallistidae.

Orthrozanclus elongata[427]

Sp. nov

Zhao & Smith in Zhao et al.

Cambrian Stage 3

Maotianshan Shales

  China

Ovatiovermis[428]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Caron & Aria

Cambrian

Burgess Shale

  Canada
(  British Columbia)

A lobopodian belonging to the family Luolishaniidae. The type species is O. cribratus.

Pachinion canaliculatum[414]

Sp. nov

Valid

Świerczewska-Gładysz

Late Cretaceous (early Campanian)

  Poland

A lithistid demosponge belonging to the family Corallistidae.

Paratetragraptus cooperi[429]

Sp. nov

Valid

VandenBerg

Ordovician (early Floian)

  Australia

A graptolite belonging to the group Dichograptina and the family Phyllograptidae.

Paratetragraptus? henrywilliamsi[429]

Sp. nov

Valid

VandenBerg

Ordovician (early Floian)

  Australia

A graptolite belonging to the group Dichograptina and the family Phyllograptidae.

Paratetragraptus thomassmithi[429]

Sp. nov

Valid

VandenBerg

Ordovician (early Floian)

  Australia

A graptolite belonging to the group Dichograptina and the family Phyllograptidae.

Plumulites lamonti[430]

Sp. nov

Valid

Candela & Crighton

Silurian (Telychian)

Wether Law Linn Formation

  United Kingdom

A machaeridian.

Propomatoceros permianus[419]

Sp. nov

Valid

Sanfilippo in Sanfilippo et al.

Permian

“Pietra di Salomone” Limestone

  Italy

A polychaete belonging to the family Serpulidae, a species of Propomatoceros.

Pseudoretiolites hyrichus[400]

Sp. nov

Valid

Melchin, Lenz & Kozłowska

Silurian

  Canada

A graptolite.

Pyrgopolon (Septenaria) cenomanensis[431]

Sp. nov

Valid

Kočí, Jäger & Morel

Late Cretaceous (Cenomanian)

  France

A polychaete belonging to the family Serpulidae.

Pyrgopolon (Turbinia?) gaiae[419]

Sp. nov

Valid

Sanfilippo in Sanfilippo et al.

Permian

“Pietra di Salomone” Limestone

  Italy

A polychaete belonging to the family Serpulidae, a species of Pyrgopolon.

Radiofibrosclera[399]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Wu

Permian (Changhsingian)

  China

A sclerosponge. The type species is R. laibinensis.

Ratcliffespongia arivechensis[432]

Sp. nov

Valid

Beresi et al.

Cambrian Series 3

  Mexico

A reticulosan sponge of uncertain phylogenetic placement.

Saccorhytus[433]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Han et al.

Earliest Cambrian

  China

An early deuterostome related to vetulicolians and vetulocystids. The type species is S. coronarius.

“Serpula” distefanoi[419]

Sp. nov

Valid

Sanfilippo in Sanfilippo et al.

Permian

“Pietra di Salomone” Limestone

  Italy

A polychaete belonging to the family Serpulidae.

Serpula? pseudoserpentina[431]

Sp. nov

Valid

Kočí, Jäger & Morel

Late Cretaceous (Cenomanian)

  France

A polychaete belonging to the family Serpulidae.

Silicunculus saaqqutit[434]

Sp. nov

Valid

Peel

Cambrian Series 3

  Greenland

A sponge.

Singuuriqia[435]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Peel

Cambrian Stage 3

Sirius Passet Lagerstätte

  Greenland

A member of Priapulida. Genus includes new species S. simoni.

Siphusauctum lloydguntheri[436]

Sp. nov

Valid

Kimmig, Strotz & Lieberman

Cambrian Stage 5

Spence Shale

  United States
(  Utah)

Tauricornicaris[391]

Gen. et 2 sp. nov

Valid[437]

Zeng et al.

Early Cambrian

Chengjiang Lagerstätte

  China

A member of Radiodonta, possibly a member of Hurdiidae. Genus includes new species T. latizonae and T. oxygonae.

Thoracospongia lacrimiformis[434]

Sp. nov

Valid

Peel

Cambrian Series 3

  Greenland

A sponge.

Tianzhushanella tolli[438]

Sp. nov

Valid

Kouchinsky et al.

Cambrian

Medvezhya Formation

  Russia

A member of Tianzhushanellidae (a group of animals of uncertain phylogenetic placement, possibly stem-brachiopods).

Tshallograptus[429]

Gen. et comb. et 3 sp. nov

Valid

VandenBerg

Ordovician (early Floian)

  Australia
  Canada

A graptolite belonging to the group Dichograptina and the family Phyllograptidae. The type species is "Graptolithus" fruticosus Hall (1858); genus also includes new species T. tridens, T. cymulus and T. furcillatus.

Valospongia sonorensis[432]

Sp. nov

Valid

Beresi et al.

Cambrian Series 3

  Mexico

A reticulosan sponge of uncertain phylogenetic placement.

Vittatusivermis[439]

Gen. et sp. nov

Zhang et al.

Cambrian (Fortunian)

Yuhucun Formation

  China

A worm-like organism, possibly a member of Bilateria of uncertain phylogenetic placement. The type species is V. annularius.

Websteroprion[440]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Eriksson, Parry & Rudkin

Devonian (late Emsian-early Eifelian)

Kwataboahegan Formation

  Canada
(  Ontario)

A eunicidan polychaete of uncertain phylogenetic placement. The type species is W. armstrongi.

Other organismsEdit

ResearchEdit

New taxaEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Acadialithus[457]

Gen. et 2 sp. nov

Valid

Howe

Late Jurassic (Tithonian)

  Bulgaria
Offshore eastern Newfoundland, Canada
Offshore in the eastern Gulf of Mexico
Offshore of the northeast coast of the United States

A nannofossil. Genus includes new species A. dennei and A. valentinei.

Adendorfia[458]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Worobiec et al.

Miocene

  Germany

A fungus, probably a member of Chaetomiaceae. Genus includes new species A. miocenica.

Algites philippoviensis[459]

Sp. nov

Valid

Naugolnykh

Permian (Kungurian)

Philippovian Formation

  Russia

A brown alga.

Algites shurtanensis[459]

Sp. nov

Valid

Naugolnykh

Permian (Kungurian)

Shurtan Formation

  Russia

A brown alga.

Alpinoschwagerina nagatoensis[460]

Sp. nov

Valid

Kobayashi

Permian (Asselian)

Akiyoshi Limestone Group

  Japan

A foraminifer belonging to the group Fusulinida.

Amsassia argentina[461]

Sp. nov

Valid

Carrera, Astini & Gomez

Early Ordovician

La Silla Formation

  Argentina

A coral-like organism of uncertain phylogenetic placement.

Asterina indodeightonii[462]

Sp. nov

Valid

Vishnu et al.

Mid-Miocene to early Pleistocene

  India

A fungus, a species of Asterina.

Asterina mioconsobrina[462]

Sp. nov

Valid

Vishnu et al.

Mid-Miocene to early Pleistocene

  India

A fungus, a species of Asterina.

Asterina miosphaerelloides[462]

Sp. nov

Valid

Vishnu et al.

Mid-Miocene to early Pleistocene

  India

A fungus, a species of Asterina.

Asterina neocombreticola[462]

Sp. nov

Valid

Vishnu et al.

Mid-Miocene to early Pleistocene

  India

A fungus, a species of Asterina.

Asterina neoelaeocarpi[462]

Sp. nov

Valid

Vishnu et al.

Mid-Miocene to early Pleistocene

  India

A fungus, a species of Asterina.

Asterina presaracae[462]

Sp. nov

Valid

Vishnu et al.

Mid-Miocene to early Pleistocene

  India

A fungus, a species of Asterina.

Baculogypsinella[463]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Matsumaru

Eocene

  Philippines

A foraminifer. Genus includes new species B. eocenica.

Blastanosphaira[464]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Javaux & Knoll

Mesoproterozoic

Mainoru Formation

  Australia

A possible eukaryotic microorganism of uncertain phylogenetic placement. The type species is B. kokkoda.

Bonniea makrokurtos[465]

Sp. nov

Valid

Cohen, Irvine & Strauss

Tonian

Callison Lake Formation

  Canada
(  Yukon)

A vase-shaped microfossil.

Braarudosphaera pseudobatilliformis[466]

Sp. nov

Valid

Alves, Lima & Shimabukuro

Early Cretaceous (Aptian)

  Brazil

A haptophyte belonging to the family Braarudosphaeraceae.

Carbonoschwagerina nipponica[460]

Sp. nov

Valid

Kobayashi

Carboniferous (Kasimovian and Gzhelian)

Akiyoshi Limestone Group

  Japan

A foraminifer belonging to the group Fusulinida.

Cephalothecoidomyces[458]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Worobiec et al.

Neogene

  Germany
  Poland

A fungus, probably a member of Cephalothecaceae. Genus includes new species C. neogenicus.

Chiphragmalithus muzylevii[467]

Sp. nov

Valid

Musatov

Eocene (Ypresian)

  Russia

A haptophyte.

Cobios[468]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Du et al.

Ediacaran

Doushantuo Formation

  China

A red alga. The type species is Cobios rubo.

Curviacus[469]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Shen et al.

Ediacaran

Dengying Formation

  China

A benthic modular organism consisting of serially arranged and crescent-shaped chambers. Genus includes new species C. ediacaranus.

Cyanonema grandis[470]

Sp. nov

Valid

Shi & Feng in Shi et al.

Early Mesoproterozoic

Gaoyuzhuang Formation

  China

A member of Cyanobacteria belonging to the group Nostocales.

Cycliocyrillium rootsi[465]

Sp. nov

Valid

Cohen, Irvine & Strauss

Tonian

Callison Lake Formation
Chuar Group
(Kwagunt Formation)[471]

  Canada
(  Yukon)
  United States[471]

A vase-shaped microfossil. Originally described as a species of Cycliocyrillium, but subsequently transferred to the genus Obelix.[471] Morais et al. (2019) corrected the suffix for the specific epithet to rootsii.[471]

Dalongicaepa[472]

Gen. et sp. et comb. nov

Valid

Xiao & Suzuki in Xiao, Suzuki & He

Late Permian

Upper Dalong Formation

  China
  Thailand

A radiolarian belonging to the group Spumellaria and the family Spongotortilispinidae. The type species is D. bipolaris; genus also includes "Pseudospongoprunum" fontainei Sashida in Sashida et al. (2000).

Denaricion[473]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Bengtson in Bengtson et al.

~1.6 billion years ago

  India

An organism of uncertain phylogenetic placement, might be an alga or prokaryote. Genus includes new species D. mendax.

Devisphaera[474]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Tang et al.

Late Mesoproterozoic – early Neoproterozoic

Madhubani Group

  India

An organic-walled microfossil. Genus includes new species D. corallis.

Discusphyton[475]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Wang, Wang & Du

Ediacaran

Doushantuo Formation

  China

A macroalga of uncertain phylogenetic placement. Genus includes new species D. whenghuiensis.

Fissumella[476]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Cruz-Abad et al.

Early Cretaceous (Albian)

  Italy

A foraminifer. Genus includes new species F. motolae.

Flabelloperforata[477]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Schlagintweit & Rashidi

Late Cretaceous (Maastrichtian)

Tarbur Formation

  Iran

A foraminifer belonging to the group Loftusiida, possibly a member of the family Biokovinidae. Genus includes new species F. tarburensis.

Gigadiacrodium[478]

Gen. et comb. et sp. nov

Valid

Szczepanik, Servais & Żylińska

Cambrian (Furongian)

Alum Shale Formation
Elliott's Cove Formation

  Canada
  Iran
  Italy
  Poland
  Sweden

An acritarch. The type species is "Veryhachium" martinum Pittau (1985); genus also includes new species G. vidalii.

Gigantosphaeridium floccosum[479]

Sp. nov

Valid

Agić, Moczydłowska & Yin

Early Mesoproterozoic

Ruyang Group

  China

A microfossil.

Gondwanagaricites[480][481]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Heads, Miller & Crane

Early Cretaceous (Aptian)

Crato Formation

  Brazil

A gilled mushroom. Genus includes new species G. magnificus.

Hagenococcus[482]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Krings et al.

Early Devonian

Rhynie chert

  United Kingdom

A microorganism of uncertain phylogenetic placement, most likely an alga with affinities to the Chlorophyta or Streptophyta. Genus includes new species H. aggregatus.

Haplophragmoides arcticus[483]

Sp. nov

Valid

Kaminski, Waskowska & Chan

Middle Pleistocene

Arctic Ocean
(Lomonosov Ridge)

A foraminifer.

Jigulites titanicus[460]

Sp. nov

Valid

Kobayashi

Carboniferous (Gzhelian) and Permian (Asselian)

Akiyoshi Limestone Group

  Japan

A foraminifer belonging to the group Fusulinida.

Limeta[484]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Morais, Fairchild & Lahr in Morais et al.

Neoproterozoic

Urucum Formation

  Brazil

A vase-shaped microfossil. Genus includes new species L. lageniformis.

Montiparus minensis[460]

Sp. nov

Valid

Kobayashi

Carboniferous (Kasimovian)

Akiyoshi Limestone Group

  Japan

A foraminifer belonging to the group Fusulinida.

Nannoconus troelsenii[466]

Sp. nov

Valid

Alves, Lima & Shimabukuro

Early Cretaceous (Aptian)

  Brazil

A haptophyte belonging to the family Nannoconaceae.

Oscillatoriopsis gigas[470]

Sp. nov

Valid

Shi & Feng in Shi et al.

Early Mesoproterozoic

Gaoyuzhuang Formation

  China

A member of Cyanobacteria belonging to the group Oscillatoriales.

Palaeoamphora[484]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Morais, Fairchild & Lahr in Morais et al.

Neoproterozoic

Urucum Formation

  Brazil

A vase-shaped microfossil. Genus includes new species P. urucumense.

Palaeostromatus[485]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Dentzien-Dias, Poinar & Francischini

Permian (Guadalupian)

Rio do Rasto Formation

  Brazil

An actinomycete. Genus includes new species P. diairetus.

Paleohaimatus[486]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Poinar

Eocene-Miocene

El Mamey Formation
(Dominican amber)

  Dominican Republic

A member of Apicomplexa belonging to the group Piroplasmida. Genus includes new species P. calabresi.

Parastaffelloides kanmerai[460]

Sp. nov

Valid

Kobayashi

Carboniferous (Moscovian)

Akiyoshi Limestone Group

  Japan

A foraminifer belonging to the group Fusulinida.

Pentadinium darmirae[487]

Sp. nov

Valid

Slimani & Ţabără in Ţabără et al.

Paleocene (Danian)

Izvor Formation
Runcu Formation

  Romania

A dinoflagellate belonging to the group Gonyaulacales and the family Gonyaulacaceae.

Persiella[477]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Schlagintweit & Rashidi

Late Cretaceous (Maastrichtian)

Tarbur Formation

  Iran

A foraminifer belonging to the group Loftusiida, possibly a member of the family Spirocyclinidae. Genus includes new species P. pseudolituus.

Pocillithus crucifer[488]

Sp. nov

Valid

Lees, Bown & Young

Late Cretaceous (Turonian)

  Tanzania

A haptophyte belonging to the family Papposphaeraceae.

Pocillithus macleodii[488]

Sp. nov

Valid

Lees, Bown & Young

Late Cretaceous (Turonian)

  Tanzania

A haptophyte belonging to the family Papposphaeraceae.

Quasifusulinoides grandis[460]

Sp. nov

Valid

Kobayashi

Carboniferous (Kasimovian)

Akiyoshi Limestone Group

  Japan

A foraminifer belonging to the group Fusulinida.

Rafatazmia[473]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Bengtson in Bengtson et al.

~1.6 billion years ago

  India

An alga of uncertain phylogenetic placement. Genus includes new species R. chitrakootensis.

Ramathallus[473]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Sallstedt in Bengtson et al.

~1.6 billion years ago

  India

A possible stem-florideophycean red algae. Genus includes new species R. lobatus.

Schwagerina wakatakeyamensis[460]

Sp. nov

Valid

Kobayashi

Permian (Asselian)

Akiyoshi Limestone Group

  Japan

A foraminifer belonging to the group Fusulinida.

Schwagerina watanabei[460]

Sp. nov

Valid

Kobayashi

Permian (Asselian)

Akiyoshi Limestone Group

  Japan

A foraminifer belonging to the group Fusulinida.

Spearlithus[489]

Gen. et 12 sp. nov

Valid

Da Gama

Pleistocene

  Dominican Republic

A calcareous nannofossil of uncertain phylogenetic placement.

Staffella subsphaerica[460]

Sp. nov

Valid

Kobayashi

Carboniferous (Kasimovian and Gzhelian)

Akiyoshi Limestone Group

  Japan

A foraminifer belonging to the group Fusulinida.

Stradnerlithus? haynesiae[488]

Sp. nov

Valid

Lees, Bown & Young

Late Cretaceous (Turonian)

  Tanzania

A haptophyte belonging to the order Stephanolithiales and the family Stephanolithiaceae.

Stradnerlithus wendleri[488]

Sp. nov

Valid

Lees, Bown & Young

Late Cretaceous (Turonian)

  Tanzania

A haptophyte belonging to the order Stephanolithiales and the family Stephanolithiaceae.

Suraqalatia[490]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Görmüş, Ameen Lawa & Al Nuaimy

Late Cretaceous (Maastrichtian)

  Iraq

A foraminifer belonging to the family Dicyclinidae. Genus includes new species S. brasieri.

Synaptomitus[491]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Poinar

Eocene to Miocene

Dominican amber

  Dominican Republic

Originally described as a fungus belonging to the group Basidiomycota,[491] but this interpretation was challenged by Selosse et al. (2017).[492] Genus includes new species S. orchiphilus.

Syracosphaera antiqua[488]

Sp. nov

Valid

Bown, Lees & Young

Late Cretaceous (Turonian)

  Tanzania

A haptophyte belonging to the order Syracosphaerales and the family Syracosphaeraceae.

Syracosphaera repagula[488]

Sp. nov

Valid

Bown, Lees & Young

Late Cretaceous (Turonian)

  Tanzania

A haptophyte belonging to the order Syracosphaerales and the family Syracosphaeraceae.

Tarburina[493]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Schlagintweit, Rashidi & Barani

Late Cretaceous (late Maastrichtian)

Tarbur Formation

  Iran

A foraminifer. Genus includes new species T. zagrosiana.

Taruma[484]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Morais, Fairchild & Lahr in Morais et al.

Neoproterozoic

Urucum Formation

  Brazil

A vase-shaped microfossil. Genus includes new species T. rata.

Tortolithus foramen[488]

Sp. nov

Valid

Lees, Bown & Young

Late Cretaceous (Turonian)

  Tanzania

A haptophyte of uncertain phylogenetic placement.

Veteronostocale grandis[470]

Sp. nov

Valid

Shi & Feng in Shi et al.

Early Mesoproterozoic

Gaoyuzhuang Formation

  China

A member of Cyanobacteria belonging to the group Nostocales.

Windipila[494]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Krings & Harper

Early Devonian

Windyfield chert

  United Kingdom

A fungus described on the basis of a reproductive unit. Genus includes new species W. spinifera.

Xiaohongyuia[495]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Shi & Feng in Shi et al.

Late Paleoproterozoic

Dahongyu Formation

  China

A probable eukaryotic microfossil. Genus includes new species X. sinica.

General paleontologyEdit

Research related to paleontology that either does not concern any of the groups of the organisms listed above, or concerns multiple groups.

  • A study on the links between changes in the composition of exposed continental crust and oxygenation of the atmosphere in the Precambrian is published by Smit & Mezger (2017).[496]
  • A review of the progress in modeling the Snowball Earth atmosphere, cryosphere, hydrosphere and lithosphere, specifically as it pertains to Cryogenian geology and geobiology, is published by Hoffman et al. (2017).[497]
  • A revised record of fossil eukaryotic steroids during the Neoproterozoic is presented by Brocks et al. (2017), who argue that bacteria were the only notable primary producers in the oceans before the Cryogenian, and that rapid rise of marine planktonic algae to domination occurred in the narrow time interval between the Sturtian and Marinoan glaciations, 659–645 million years ago, likely driving the subsequent radiation of animals in the Ediacaran period.[498]
  • A study evaluating whether mass extinction events over the last 500 million year were caused by astronomical phenomena is published by Erlykin et al. (2017).[499]
  • A study on the water column geochemistry of the Yangtze Sea during the Ediacaran-Cambrian transition and its implications for the relationship between ocean oxygenation and Early Cambrian animal diversification is published by Zhang et al. (2017).[500]
  • A study on the links between the expansion of siliceous sponges and seawater oxygenation during the Ediacaran–Cambrian transition is published by Tatzel et al. (2017).[501]
  • A study on the factors influencing marine invertebrate diversity dynamics through the Phanerozoic is published by Cermeño et al. (2017).[502]
  • Edwards et al. (2017) identify a strong temporal link between the rising atmospheric oxygen levels and the Great Ordovician Biodiversification Event.[503]
  • A study on the impact of the drawdown of atmospheric carbon dioxide (caused by burial of organic carbon leading to the formation of coal) on the climate around the Carboniferous/Permian boundary is published by Feulner (2017).[504]
  • A comprehensive reconstruction of the Permian (Lopingian) Bletterbach Biota (Italy) and a review of other best-known Lopingian terrestrial associations containing both vertebrate and plant remains is published by Bernardi et al. (2017).[505]
  • A study on the causal connection between the Siberian Traps large igneous province magmatism and Permian–Triassic extinction event, identifying the initial emplacement pulse as likely to have triggered mass extinction, is published by Burgess, Muirhead & Bowring (2017).[506]
  • Viglietti, Rubidge & Smith (2017) review the tectonic setting of the Late Permian Karoo Basin (South Africa), provide an updated basin development model, and interpret their findings as indicating that the climatic changes associated with the Permian–Triassic extinction event were occurring much lower in the stratigraphy (and thus earlier) than previously documented.[507]
  • A study on benthic invertebrate communities from the Lower Triassic Werfen Formation (Italy), aiming to test whether carbon isotope perturbations during the Early Triassic were associated with biotic crises that impeded benthic recovery after the Permian–Triassic extinction event, is published by Foster et al. (2017).[508]
  • A study on the impact of the magmatic activity associated with the Central Atlantic magmatic province on the Triassic–Jurassic extinction event is published by Davies et al. (2017).[509]
  • A study on the volcanic activity at the end of the Triassic as indicated by mercury concentrations in sediments from around the world is published by Percival et al. (2017).[510]
  • A study on the oxygen levels in Earth’s oceans during and after the Triassic–Jurassic extinction event as indicated by uranium isotopes in shallow-marine limestones in the Lombardy Basin (northern Italy) is published by Jost et al. (2017).[511]
  • A high-resolution stratigraphic chart for terrestrial Late Cretaceous units of North America and a study on the stratigraphic ranges of North American dinosaurs is published by Fowler (2017).[512]
  • A study on the impact that large amounts of soot injected into the atmosphere during the Cretaceous–Paleogene extinction event (probably caused by global wildfires) had on the climate is published by Bardeen et al. (2017).[513]
  • A study estimating the decrease of the air temperature and the duration of the climate cooling caused by Chicxulub impact at the end of the Cretaceous is published by Brugger, Feulner & Petri (2017).[514]
  • A study on the volume of the climate-active gases released from sedimentary rocks as a result of the Chicxulub impact, as well as on their effect on the global climate, is published by Artemieva, Morgan & Expedition 364 Science Party (2017).[515]
  • Kaiho & Oshima (2017) calculate the amounts of stratospheric soot and sulfate formed by a virtual asteroid impact at various global locations, and conclude that the Cretaceous–Paleogene extinction event was caused by the Chicxulub impact happening at the hydrocarbon-rich, sulfate-dominated area on the Earth’s surface, and that an impact at a low–medium hydrocarbon area on Earth would be unlikely to cause mass extinction.[516]
  • A study on the data sets of molluscan fossils from the Cretaceous–Paleogene of the Seymour Island (Antarctica) is published by Tobin (2017), who identifies possible evidence of two separate extinction events, one prior to the Cretaceous–Paleogene boundary, and one simultaneous with the bolide impact at the Cretaceous–Paleogene boundary.[517]
  • A study on the behavioral and ecological diversification of animals that colonized land as indicated by trace fossils is published by Minter et al. (2017).[518]
  • A study on the age of the Cowie Harbour Fish Bed (Scotland, United Kingdom), containing fish and arthropod fossils (including the millipede Pneumodesmus newmani), is published by Suarez et al. (2017).[519]
  • A study on the preservation of skin and keratinous integumentary structures in tetrapod fossils through time is published by Eliason et al. (2017).[520]
  • A study on the differences between the tetrapod faunas at different latitudes during the early and middle Permian, as well as their implications for establishing whether the Olson's Extinction was a genuine event, is published by Brocklehurst et al. (2017).[521]
  • A study on the non-flying terrestrial tetrapod species richness through the Mesozoic and early Palaeogene is published by Close et al. (2017).[522]
  • A study on the evolution of the shape of brain and skull roof during the transition from early reptiles through archosauromorphs, including nonavian dinosaurs, to birds is published by Fabbri et al. (2017).[523]
  • A study on the structure and vulnerability of the food web in marine vertebrate assemblages prior to the Cretaceous–Paleogene extinction event as indicated by calcium isotope data from plesiosaurs and mosasaurs is published by Martin et al. (2017).[524]
  • Qvarnström et al. (2017) reconstruct fossil inclusions in two coprolites (produced by an insectivorous animal and a large aquatic predator) from the Late Triassic locality of Krasiejów (Poland) using propagation phase-contrast synchrotron microtomography.[525]
  • A study on the fossil inclusions in coprolite fragments (produced by medium to large-sized carnivores, possibly therocephalian therapsids or early archosauriforms) recovered from the Late Permian locality of Vyazniki (Russia) is published by Bajdek et al. (2017).[526]
  • A new tetrapod assemblage from the lowermost levels of the Triassic Chañares Formation (Argentina), dominated by fossils of Tarjadia ruthae, dicynodonts and cynodonts, and also including fossils of other pseudosuchians and rhynchosaurs, is described by Ezcurra et al. (2017), who also reinterpret Tarjadia ruthae and Archeopelta arborensis as erpetosuchid archosaurs.[527]
  • A study on the cosmopolitanism of terrestrial amniote faunas in the aftermath of the Permian–Triassic extinction event and Triassic–Jurassic extinction event is published by Button et al. (2017).[528]
  • Frese et al. (2017) determine the mineral and elemental composition of a range of fossils from the Talbragar fossil site (Australia) and their rock matrices using ultraviolet light-induced fluorescence/photoluminescence, X-ray fluorescence and X-ray diffractometry, and use those techniques to reveal anatomical details of animals and plants fossils that weren't discernible otherwise.[529]
  • A study on changes of the size of fossil marine shells and predatory drill holes in those shells during the Phanerozoic, as well as their implications for changes of predator-prey size ratio throughout the Phanerozoic, is published by Klompmaker et al. (2017).[530]
  • A study evaluating the utility of oxygen-isotope compositions of fossilised foraminifera tests as proxies for surface- and deep-ocean paleotemperatures, and its implications for inferring Late Cretaceous and Paleogene deep-ocean and high-latitude surface-ocean temperatures, is published by Bernard et al. (2017).[531][532][533]
  • A study on the glacial development and environmental changes in the Aurora Subglacial Basin (Antarctica) throughout the Cenozoic based on geophysical and geological evidence is published by Gulick et al. (2017).[534]
  • A study on the onset duration of the Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum is published by Kirtland Turner et al. (2017).[535]
  • A study on the relationship between volcanic activity in the North Atlantic Igneous Province and the Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum is published by Gutjahr et al. (2017).[536]
  • A study on the environment in the area corresponding to the present-day Amazon basin in the Miocene as indicated by data from the shark and ray fossils from the Pirabas Formation (Brazil) is published by Aguilera et al. (2017).[537]
  • A study on the impact of the Messinian salinity crisis on Mediterranean magmatism is published by Sternai et al. (2017).[538]
  • A study on the changes of ice sheets volume and sea level during the late Pliocene is published by de Boer et al. (2017).[539]
  • Pimiento et al. (2017) identify a previously unrecognized extinction event among marine megafauna at the end of the Pliocene.[540]
  • A study on the aridity in eastern Africa over the past 4.4 million years as indicated by oxygen isotope ratios in fossil herbivore tooth enamel, and on its implications for inferring the role of climate in shaping early hominin environments, is published by Blumenthal et al. (2017).[541]
  • Tierney, deMenocal & Zander (2017) reconstruct temperature and aridity in the Horn of Africa region spanning the past 200,000 years.[542]
  • A vertebrate fauna from the Pleistocene and Holocene of Sumba (Indonesia) is described by Turvey et al. (2017).[543]
  • A study on the modified mammalian bones from the Plio–Pleistocene of Ethiopia is published by Sahle, El Zaatari & White (2017), who interpret the marks on some of these bones as more likely to be produced by crocodiles than by hominids using stone tools.[544]
  • Hagstrum et al. (2017) report impact-related microspherules and elevated platinum concentrations found in fine-grained sediments retained within Late Pleistocene bison and mammoth skull fragments from Alaska and Yukon, and interpret the findings as evidence of repeated airbursts and ground/ice impacts associated with multiple episodes of cosmic impact.[545]
  • A study on changes in landscape moisture in the rangelands in Europe, Siberia and the Americas during the late Pleistocene as indicated by data from the bones of megaherbivores is published by Rabanus-Wallace et al. (2017).[546]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716.
  2. ^ Qiang Ou; Jian Han; Zhifei Zhang; Degan Shu; Ge Sun; Georg Mayer (2017). "Three Cambrian fossils assembled into an extinct body plan of cnidarian affinity". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 114 (33): 8835–8840. doi:10.1073/pnas.1701650114. PMC 5565419. PMID 28760981.
  3. ^ Baichuan Duan; Xi-Ping Dong; Luis Porras; Kelly Vargas; John A. Cunningham; Philip C. J. Donoghue (2017). "The early Cambrian fossil embryo Pseudooides is a direct-developing cnidarian, not an early ecdysozoan". Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 284 (1869): 20172188. doi:10.1098/rspb.2017.2188. PMC 5745419. PMID 29237861.