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Paleontology or palaeontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 2016.

List of years in paleontology (table)
In science
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019

Contents

PlantsEdit

CnidariansEdit

ResearchEdit

New taxaEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Aphyllum pachystele[4]

Sp. nov

Valid

Munson & Jell

Silurian (late Wenlock)

Jack Formation

  Australia

A rugose coral belonging to the family Tryplasmatidae.

Aulokoninckophyllum potyi[5]

Sp. nov

Valid

Somerville, Rodríguez & Said

Carboniferous

Azrou-Khenifra Basin

  Morocco

An aulate coral.

Axuolites higoensis[6]

Sp. nov

Valid

Niko

Silurian (Ludlow)

Fukami Formation

  Japan

A tabulate coral belonging to the order Favositida and the family Coenitidae.

Bjarmia[7]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Grazhdankin

Late Ediacaran (~550 Ma)

Erga Formation

  Russia

A jellyfish-like organism, a possible relative of scyphomedusae. Genus includes new species B. cycloplerusa.

Byronia jaegeri[8]

Sp. nov

Valid

Vinn et al.

Ordovician (Katian)

  Estonia

A possible thecate scyphozoan.

Calceola collini[9]

Sp. nov

Valid

Wright, Plusquellec & Gourvennec

Devonian (Eifelian)

Saint-Fiacre Formation

  France

An operculate coral belonging to the family Calceolidae; a species of Calceola.

Cambroctoconus coreaensis[10]

Sp. nov

Valid

Park et al.

Cambrian

Daegi Formation

  South Korea

A stem-cnidarian.

Caninophyllum charli[11]

Sp. nov

Valid

Denayer

Carboniferous (Tournaisian)

Yılanlı Formation

  Turkey

A rugose coral belonging to the family Bothrophyllidae; a species of Caninophyllum.

Cystodactylon[12]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Denayer & Webb

Carboniferous (Tournaisian)

Gudman Formation

  Australia

A rugose coral. Genus includes new species C. orbum.

Dokophyllum hillae[4]

Sp. nov

Valid

Munson & Jell

Silurian (Ludfordian)

Jack Formation

  Australia

A rugose coral belonging to the family Ketophyllidae.

Edaphophyllum zhaotongense[13]

Sp. nov

Valid

Liao & Ma

Devonian (Emsian)

  China

A rugose coral.

Eoaequorea[14]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Tang et al.

Ediacaran

Doushantuo Formation

  China

A member of Hydrozoa of uncertain phylogenetic placement. The type species is Eoaequorea xingi.

Eosiderastrea[15]

Gen. et comb. et 2 sp. nov

Valid

Löser

Cretaceous (late Valanginian to Santonian)

  Austria
  France
  Germany
  Greece
  Iran
  Italy
  Japan
  Mexico
  Poland
  Spain
  Ukraine
  United States
  Uzbekistan

A stony coral belonging to the family Siderastreidae. The type species is "Siderastrea" cuyleri Wells (1932); genus also includes "Phyllocoenia" cotteaui Orbigny (1850), "Diploastrea" crassa Kuzmicheva (1980), "Diploastrea" crassicostata Morycowa & Masse (1998), "Phyllocoenia" cyclops Felix (1891), "Confusastrea" dollfusi Prever (1909), "Confusastrea" felixi Prever (1909); "Stephanocoenia" grandipora Orbigny (1849), "Diploastrea" harrisi Wells (1932), "Diploastrea" hilli Wells (1933), "Montastraea" nagaoi Eguchi (1951), "Pleurocora" reussi Milne Edwards (1857), "Diplocoenia" splendida Prever (1909), "Diploastrea" vaughani Wells (1933) and "Plesiofavia" villaltai Reig Oriol (1991), as well as new species E. paragrandipora Löser (2016) and E. stefani Löser (2016).[16]

Famastraea[17]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Berkowski, Zapalski & Wrzołek

Devonian (Famennian)

  Poland

A coral belonging to the group Rugosa and the family Campophyllidae. The type species is Famastraea catenata.

Fomichevella najafi[18]

Sp. nov

Valid

Badpa et al.

Carboniferous (Bashkirian)

Sardar Formation

  Iran

A member of Rugosa belonging to the group Stauriida and the family Kleopatrinidae.

Gertholites haikawai[19]

Sp. nov

Valid

Niko & Fujikawa

Early Carboniferous

Akiyoshi Limestone Group

  Japan

A tabulate coral.

Gerviphyllum[9]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Wright, Plusquellec & Gourvennec

Early Devonian (likely late Lochkovian to early Pragian)

  France

An operculate coral belonging to the family Calceolidae; a new genus for "Calceola" gervillei Bayle (1878).

Gudmania[12]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Denayer & Webb

Carboniferous (Tournaisian)

Gudman Formation

  Australia

A rugose coral. Genus includes new species G. darumbalae.

Heintzella fluegeli[18]

Sp. nov

Valid

Badpa et al.

Carboniferous (Bashkirian)

Sardar Formation

  Iran

A member of Rugosa belonging to the group Stauriida and the family Kleopatrinidae.

Kullingia rotadiscopsis[14]

Sp. nov

Valid

Tang et al.

Ediacaran

Doushantuo Formation

  China

A member of Hydrozoa of uncertain phylogenetic placement; a species of Kullingia.

Madrepora mitsukurii[20]

Sp. nov

Valid

Niko, Suzuki & Taguchi

Miocene

Katsuta Group

  Japan

A madrepore.

Marekostragulum grafi[21]

Sp. nov

Valid

Plusquellec, Galle & Franke

Devonian (Emsian)

  Germany

A tabulate coral belonging to the family Hyostragulidae.

Mesoconularia (?) lukesi[22]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mergl, Ferrova & Frýda

Devonian (late Emsian)

Suchomasty Limestone

  Czech Republic

A member of Conulariida, possibly a species of Mesoconularia.

?Michelinia vinni[23]

Sp. nov

Valid

Zapalski, Berkowski & Wrzołek

Devonian (late Famennian)

  Poland

A tabulate coral belonging to the family Micheliniidae; possibly a species of Michelinia.

Multicarinophyllum vepreculatum[4]

Sp. nov

Valid

Munson & Jell

Silurian (Ludfordian)

Jack Formation

  Australia

A rugose coral belonging to the family Amsdenoididae.

Oligophylloides maroccanus[24]

Sp. nov

Valid

Weyer

Devonian (late Famennian)

  Morocco

A member of Heterocorallia.

Palaeosiderofungia[15]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Löser

Cretaceous (Aptian to Santonian)

  Austria
  Czech Republic
  France
  Germany
  Greece
  Serbia

A stony coral belonging to the family Siderastreidae; a new genus for "Thamnasteria" exigua Reuss (1854).

Parostragulum[21]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Plusquellec, Galle & Franke

Devonian (Emsian)

  Germany

A tabulate coral belonging to the family Hyostragulidae. The type species is P. problematicum.

Pleurodictyum goldfussi[25]

Sp. nov

Valid

Plusquellec & Franke

Devonian (Emsian)

Wiltz Beds

  Germany
  Luxembourg

A tabulate coral belonging to group Favositida and to the family Micheliniidae.

Pleurodictyum pruemensis[25]

Sp. nov

Valid

Plusquellec & Franke

Devonian (Emsian)

Wiltz Beds

  Germany

A tabulate coral belonging to group Favositida and to the family Micheliniidae.

Potyphyllum[26]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Coen-Aubert

Devonian (late Frasnian)

  Belgium
  Czech Republic
  France
  Germany
  Poland
  Russia
  United Kingdom

A rugose coral belonging to the family Phillipsastreidae. The type species is "Cyathophyllum" ananas Goldfuss (1826); genus also includes "Pseudoacervularia" dybowskii Różkowska (1953), "Pseudoacervularia" intercellulosa (Phillips, 1841) sensu Pickett (1967), "Schlüteria" lyskovensis Ermakova (1957), "Acervularia" macrommata Roemer (1855), "Phillipsastrea" plantana Różkowska (1979), "Cyathophyllum" profundum Michelin (1845), "Phillipsastrea" rozkowskae Scrutton (1968), "Pseudoacervularia" cf. smithi (Różkowska, 1953) sensu Pickett (1967), "Phillipsastrea" ananas veserensis Coen-Aubert (1974) and "Phillipsastrea" zerda Galle, 1992 in Hladil et al. (1992).

Preisingerella[27]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Kossovaya, Novak & Weyer

Early Permian

  Slovenia

A coral similar to members of the genus Caninia. The type species is P. stegovnikensis.

Ptychophyllum variatum[4]

Sp. nov

Valid

Munson & Jell

Silurian (late Gorstian to Ludfordian)

Jack Formation

  Australia

A rugose coral belonging to the family Ptychophyllidae.

Pycnostylus polyphyllodus[4]

Sp. nov

Valid

Munson & Jell

Silurian (late Wenlock)

Jack Formation

  Australia

A rugose coral belonging to the family Pycnostylidae.

Sokolovia[28]

Gen. et sp. nov

Junior homonym

Tsyganko

Late Devonian (Famennian)

  Russia
(  Komi Republic)

A tabulate coral belonging to the family Pachyporidae. The type species is Sokolovia pershinae. The generic name is preoccupied by Sokolovia Ilovaisky (1934) and Sokolovia Shishkinskaya (1964).

Spinaxon[29]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Weyer

Devonian (late Frasnian)

  France
  Germany

A member of Rugosa belonging to the family Petraiidae. The type species is Spinaxon potyi.

Syringopora hilarowiczi[23]

Sp. nov

Valid

Zapalski, Berkowski & Wrzołek

Devonian (late Famennian)

  Poland

A tabulate coral belonging to the family Syringoporidae; a species of Syringopora.

Syringopora kowalensis[23]

Sp. nov

Valid

Zapalski, Berkowski & Wrzołek

Devonian (late Famennian)

  Poland

A tabulate coral belonging to the family Syringoporidae; a species of Syringopora.

Talfania[30]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Peel & McDermott

Ordovician (Katian)

Sholeshook Limestone Formation

  United Kingdom

A solitary coral. The type species is Talfania calicula.

Thamnoptychia mistiaeni[23]

Sp. nov

Valid

Zapalski, Berkowski & Wrzołek

Devonian (late Famennian)

  Poland

A tabulate coral belonging to the family Pachyporidae; a species of Thamnoptychia.

Turbinolia (Turbinolia) deformis[31]

Sp. nov

Valid

Berezovsky in Berezovsky & Berezovsky

Eocene

  Ukraine

A stony coral.

Turbinolia (Turbinolia) emendata[31]

Sp. nov

Valid

Berezovsky in Berezovsky & Berezovsky

Eocene

  Ukraine

A stony coral.

Utaratuia yunnanensis[13]

Sp. nov

Valid

Liao & Ma

Devonian (Eifelian)

  China

A rugose coral.

Vassiljukia[32]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Denayer & Ogar

Carboniferous (Viséan)

  Turkey
  Ukraine

A colonial rugose coral; a new genus for "Lithostrotion" columnariformis Vassiljuk (1960).

Vesicospina[4]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Munson & Jell

Silurian (Ludfordian)

Jack Formation

  Australia

A rugose coral belonging to the family Kyphophyllidae. The type species is V. julli.

Vulykhia[33]

Nom. nov

Valid

Doweld

Late Ordovician

  Mongolia

An anthozoan belonging to the superfamily Heliolitoidea; a replacement name for Concavites Bondarenko & Minzhin (1981).

ArthropodsEdit

BryozoansEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Anisotrypa kjarkiensis[34]

Sp. nov

Valid

Tolokonnikova

Carboniferous (Tournaisian)

  Armenia

A bryozoan belonging to the group Trepostomata and the family Anisotrypidae.

Beisselina skyscanica[35]

Sp. nov

Valid

Koromyslova & Pakhnevich

Late Cretaceous (Campanian)

  Belarus

A bryozoan belonging to the group Ascophora and the family Tessaradomidae; a species of Beisselina.

Celleporaria pirabasensis[36]

Sp. nov

Valid

Muricy et al.

Oligocene-Miocene

Pirabas Formation

  Brazil

A bryozoan belonging to the group Cheilostomata and the family Lepraliellidae.

Celleporaria triangulavicularis[36]

Sp. nov

Valid

Muricy et al.

Oligocene-Miocene

Pirabas Formation

  Brazil

A bryozoan belonging to the group Cheilostomata and the family Lepraliellidae.

Dybowskiella hupehensiformis[37]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ernst

Permian

Zongba Formation

  China

A member of Cystoporata belonging to the family Fistuliporidae.

Dyscritella lii[37]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ernst

Permian

Zongba Formation

  China

A member of Trepostomata belonging to the family Dystritellidae.

Ehrhardina[38]

Gen. et 2 sp. nov

Valid[39]

Martha & Taylor

Late Cretaceous (Cenomanian)

  France
  Germany
  United Kingdom

A bryozoan belonging to the group Flustrina and the family Onychocellidae. The type species is Ehrhardina voigti; genus also includes Ehrhardina pikeae.

Eridotrypella danzikensis[40]

Sp. nov

Valid

Tolokonnikova

Devonian (Famennian)

  Azerbaijan

A bryozoan belonging to the group Trepostomata and the family Eridotrypellidae.

Etherella tibetensis[37]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ernst

Permian

Zongba Formation

  China

A member of Cystoporata belonging to the family Etherellidae.

Fistuliphragma moniliformis[41]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mesentseva

Devonian (Emsian)

  Russia

A bryozoan belonging to the group Cystoporida.

Fistuliphragma sibirica[41]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mesentseva

Devonian (Emsian)

  Russia

A bryozoan belonging to the group Cystoporida.

Fistulipora sakagamii[37]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ernst

Permian

Zongba Formation

  China
  Thailand

A member of Cystoporata belonging to the family Fistuliporidae.

Fistulipora salairiensis[41]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mesentseva

Devonian (Emsian)

  Russia

A bryozoan belonging to the group Cystoporida.

Fistuliramus fasciculus[41]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mesentseva

Devonian (Emsian)

  Russia

A bryozoan belonging to the group Cystoporida.

Fistulocladia cincinnata[41]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mesentseva

Devonian (Emsian)

  Russia

A bryozoan belonging to the group Cystoporida.

Margaretta amplipora[42]

Sp. nov

Valid

Sonar & Gaikwad

Cenozoic

  India

An ascophoran belonging to the family Margarettidae.

Margaretta guhai[42]

Nom. nov

Valid

Sonar & Gaikwad

Cenozoic

  India

An ascophoran belonging to the family Margarettidae.

Margaretta hariparensis[42]

Sp. nov

Valid

Sonar & Gaikwad

Cenozoic

  India

An ascophoran belonging to the family Margarettidae.

Metastenodiscus[43]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Ernst, Schäfer & Grant-Mackie

Late Triassic

  New Caledonia
  New Zealand

A trepostome bryozoan. A new genus for "Stenodiscus" zealandicus Schäfer & Grant-Mackie (1994) and "Stenodiscus" kawhiae Schäfer & Grant-Mackie (1994).

Nikiforopora arpaensis[34]

Sp. nov

Valid

Tolokonnikova

Carboniferous (Tournaisian)

  Azerbaijan

A bryozoan belonging to the group Trepostomata and the family Stenoporidae.

Pachydermopora grodnoensis[35]

Sp. nov

Valid

Koromyslova & Pakhnevich

Late Cretaceous (Campanian)

  Belarus

A bryozoan belonging to the group Ascophora and the family Tessaradomidae; a species of Pachydermopora.

Petalotrypa myunkhbalaensis[40]

Sp. nov

Valid

Tolokonnikova

Devonian (Famennian)

  Azerbaijan

A bryozoan belonging to the group Trepostomata.

Planicellaria walsariensis[44]

Sp. nov

Valid

Sonar & Pawar

Cenozoic

  India

A bryozoan belonging to the group Cheilostomata and the family Calloporidae.

Protoretepora irregularis[37]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ernst

Permian

Zongba Formation

  China

A member of Fenestrata belonging to the family Polyporidae.

Pyriporella charopadiensis[44]

Sp. nov

Valid

Sonar & Pawar

Cenozoic

  India

A bryozoan belonging to the group Cheilostomata and the family Calloporidae.

Pyriporella vadsariensis[44]

Sp. nov

Valid

Sonar & Pawar

Cenozoic

  India

A bryozoan belonging to the group Cheilostomata and the family Calloporidae.

Rectifenestella famenniensis[40]

Sp. nov

Valid

Tolokonnikova

Devonian (Famennian)

  Azerbaijan

A bryozoan belonging to the family Fenestellidae.

Rectifenestella kadrluiensis[40]

Sp. nov

Valid

Tolokonnikova

Devonian (Famennian)

  Armenia

A bryozoan belonging to the family Fenestellidae.

Stenophragmidium buckhornensis[45]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ernst et al.

Carboniferous (Pennsylvanian)

Boggy Formation

  United States
(  Oklahoma)

Streblotrypa (Streblotrypa) heltzelae[45]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ernst et al.

Carboniferous (Pennsylvanian)

Boggy Formation

  United States
(  Oklahoma)

Streblotrypa (Streblotrypa) parviformis[37]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ernst

Permian

Zongba Formation

  China

A member of Cryptostomata belonging to the family Hyphasmoporidae.

Tabuliporella nakhichevanica[34]

Sp. nov

Valid

Tolokonnikova

Carboniferous (Tournaisian)

  Azerbaijan

A bryozoan belonging to the group Trepostomata and the family Crustoporidae.

Tibetiporella[37]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Ernst

Permian

Zongba Formation

  China

A member of Fenestrata belonging to the family Polyporidae. The type species is T. ornata.

Timanotrypa australis[37]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ernst

Permian

Noonkanbah Formation
Rat Buri Limestone
Zongba Formation

  Australia
  China
  Thailand

A member of Cryptostomata belonging to the family Timanodictyidae.

Zigzagopora[46]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Wilson & Taylor

Ordovician (Sandbian)

Bromide Formation

  United States
(  Oklahoma)

A cyclostome bryozoan. Genus includes new species Z. wigleyensis.

BrachiopodsEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Acritosia ogamensis[47]

Sp. nov

Valid

Tazawa et al.

Early Permian (Kungurian)

Nabeyama Formation

  Japan

Acrosaccus scutatus[48]

Sp. nov

Valid

Percival in Percival et al.

Ordovician

  Australia

A member of Discinidae.

Anathyris (Anathyris) calestiennensis[49]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mottequin et al.

Devonian (Frasnian)

Nismes Formation

  Belgium

Anisopleurella antiqua[50]

Sp. nov

Valid

Popov, Kebriaee-Zadeh & Pour

Ordovician (Darriwilian)

Lashkarak Formation

  Iran

A member of Strophomenida belonging to the family Sowerbyellidae.

Apatobolus anoskelidion[48]

Sp. nov

Valid

Percival in Percival et al.

Ordovician

  Australia

A member of Obolidae.

Atansoria australis[48]

Sp. nov

Valid

Percival in Percival et al.

Ordovician

  Australia

A member of Obolidae.

Atryparia (Costatrypa) agricolae[51]

Sp. nov

Valid

Halamski & Baliński in Baliński, Racki & Halamski

Devonian (Frasnian)

  Poland

A member of Atrypidae.

Aulacothyris maendlii[52]

Sp. nov

Valid

Sulser

Middle Jurassic (Callovian)

   Switzerland

A member of Terebratulida belonging to the family Zeilleriidae.

Aulacothyris waikatoensis[53]

Sp. nov

Valid

MacFarlan

Jurassic

  New Zealand

A member of Terebratulida.

Bellimurina fluctuosa[50]

Sp. nov

Valid

Popov, Kebriaee-Zadeh & Pour

Ordovician (Darriwilian)

Lashkarak Formation

  Iran

A member of Strophomenida belonging to the family Strophomenidae.

Biernatia pseudoplana[48]

Sp. nov

Valid

Engelbretsen in Percival et al.

Ordovician

  Australia

A member of Lingulata belonging to the family Biernatiidae.

Biernatia wrighti[48]

Sp. nov

Valid

Engelbretsen in Percival et al.

Ordovician

  Australia

A member of Lingulata belonging to the family Biernatiidae.

Biernatium minus[51]

Sp. nov

Valid

Baliński in Baliński, Racki & Halamski

Devonian (Frasnian)

  Poland

A member of Mystrophoridae.

Buxtonia inexpletucosta[54]

Sp. nov

Valid

Torres-Martínez & Sour-Tovar

Carboniferous (middle Pennsylvanian)

Ixtaltepec Formation

  Mexico

A member of Productoidea.

Canalilatus musculosus[55]

Sp. nov

Valid

Percival, Engelbretsen & Peng

Cambrian

Huaqiao Formation

  China

A lingulate brachiopod belonging to the family Zhanatellidae.

Cerasinella[56]

Nom. nov

Valid

Copper

Silurian (Llandovery)

Merrimack Formation

  Canada
(  Quebec)

An atrypoid brachiopod; a replacement name for Cerasina Copper (1995) (preoccupied).

Chapinella belkovskensis[57]

Sp. nov

Valid

Baranov, Sokiran & Blodgett

Devonian (Famennian)

Nerpalakhsk Formation

  Russia
(  Sakha Republic)

A member of Rhynchonellida belonging to the family Pugnacidae.

Chilcatreta[58]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Lavié & Benedetto

Ordovician (Darriwilian)

San Juan Formation

  Argentina

A siphonotretid brachiopod. Genus includes new species C. tubulata.

Crispithyris[53]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

MacFarlan

Jurassic

  New Zealand

A member of Terebratulida. Genus includes new species C. nauarchus.

Cyrtina transcaucasica[59]

Sp. nov

Valid

Gretchishnikova & Oleneva in Oleneva

Devonian (Givetian)

  Azerbaijan

A member of Spiriferinida belonging to the family Cyrtinidae.

Davidsonia enmerkaris[51]

Sp. nov

Valid

Halamski in Baliński, Racki & Halamski

Devonian (Frasnian)

  Poland

A member of Davidsoniidae.

Dictyoclostus transversum[54]

Sp. nov

Valid

Torres-Martínez & Sour-Tovar

Carboniferous (middle Pennsylvanian)

Ixtaltepec Formation

  Mexico

A member of Productoidea.

Disculina mancenidoi[53]

Sp. nov

Valid

MacFarlan

Jurassic

  New Zealand

A member of Terebratulida.

Dolerorthis nadruvensis[60]

Sp. nov

Valid

Paškevičius & Hints

Ordovician (Katian)

  Lithuania

A member of Orthida belonging to the family Hesperorthidae.

Dulankarella hyrcanica[50]

Sp. nov

Valid

Popov, Kebriaee-Zadeh & Pour

Ordovician (Darriwilian)

Lashkarak Formation

  Iran

A member of Strophomenida belonging to the family Leptellinidae.

Dyoros (Lissosia) maya[61]

Sp. nov

Valid

Torres-Martínez, Sour-Tovar & Barragán

Permian (Leonardian)

Paso Hondo Formation

  Mexico

Echinocoelia parva[51]

Sp. nov

Valid

Baliński in Baliński, Racki & Halamski

Devonian (Frasnian)

  Poland

A member of Ambocoeliidae.

Eochonetes maearum[62]

Sp. nov

Valid

Bauer & Stigall

Late Ordovician

  United States
(  Wyoming)

Eochonetes minerva[62]

Sp. nov

Valid

Bauer & Stigall

Late Ordovician

  United States
(  Texas)

Eochonetes voldemortus[62]

Sp. nov

Valid

Bauer & Stigall

Late Ordovician

Saturday Mountain Formation

  United States
(  Idaho)

Eoconulus puteus[48]

Sp. nov

Valid

Engelbretsen in Percival et al.

Ordovician

  Australia

A member of Lingulata belonging to the family Eoconulidae.

Eolingularia[63]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Bitner & Emig

Carboniferous to Triassic

  China
  Russia
  Spain

A member of Lingulata belonging to the group Lingulida and the family Lingulidae. The type species is "Lingularia" siberica Biernat & Emig (1993).

Experilingula larga[55]

Sp. nov

Valid

Percival, Engelbretsen & Peng

Cambrian

Huaqiao Formation

  China

A member of Obolidae.

Flexaria magna[54]

Sp. nov

Valid

Torres-Martínez & Sour-Tovar

Carboniferous (middle Pennsylvanian)

Ixtaltepec Formation

  Mexico

A member of Productoidea.

Globiella kamiyassensis[64]

Sp. nov

Valid

Tazawa

Permian (Wordian)

  Japan

Glossella cuyanica[58]

Sp. nov

Valid

Lavié & Benedetto

Ordovician (Darriwilian)

San Juan Formation

  Argentina

Gondwanorthis[65]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid[66]

Benedetto & Muñoz

Early Ordovician

  Argentina
  Iran

A plectorthoid brachiopod. A new genus for "Nanorthis" calderensis Benedetto (2007); genus also includes "Nanorthis" bastamensis Ghobadi Pour, Kebriaee-Zadeh & Popov (2011).

Gowanella[67]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Hiller

Late Cretaceous (probably Maastrichtian)

Broken River Formation

  New Zealand

A member of Terebratulida related to Ostreathyris. The type species is G. capralis.

Grandispirifer qaidamensis[68]

Sp. nov

Valid

Lee, Shi & Chen in Shi et al.

Carboniferous (Serpukhovian)

Huaitoulata Formation

  China

A member of Spiriferoidea belonging to the family Spiriferidae.

Gretchispirifer[59]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Oleneva

Devonian (EmsianEifelian)

Sharur Formation

  Azerbaijan

A member of Spiriferida belonging to the family Adolfiidae. The type species is G. dagnensis.

Gundaria[69]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Angiolini et al.

Permian

  Tajikistan

The type species is G. insolita.

Harperoides[70]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Baranov & Blodgett

Devonian (Pragian)

Soda Creek Limestone

  United States
(  Alaska)

A member of Strophomenida belonging to the subfamily Mesodouvillininae. The type species is Harperoides alaskensis.

Hemileurus politus[69]

Sp. nov

Valid

Angiolini et al.

Permian

  Tajikistan

Holcothyris campbelli[53]

Sp. nov

Valid

MacFarlan

Jurassic

  New Zealand

A member of Terebratulida.

Hustedia shumardi[61]

Sp. nov

Valid

Torres-Martínez, Sour-Tovar & Barragán

Permian (Leonardian)

Paso Hondo Formation

  Mexico

Inflatia coodzavuii[54]

Sp. nov

Valid

Torres-Martínez & Sour-Tovar

Carboniferous (late Mississippian, middle Pennsylvanian)

Ixtaltepec Formation

  Mexico

A member of Productoidea.

Iridistrophia (Flabellistrophia)[71]

Subgen. et comb. sp. nov

Valid

Jansen

Devonian (late Emsian to Eifelian)

  Germany
  Venezuela?

A member of Chilidiopsidae; a subgenus of Iridistrophia. The type species is "Orthis" hipponyx Schnur (1851); the subgenus also includes new species Iridistrophia (Flabellistrophia) musculosa and possibly also "Orthis" undifera Schnur (1853) and Iridistrophia dendritica Benedetto (1984).

Ishimia inflata[50]

Sp. nov

Valid

Popov, Kebriaee-Zadeh & Pour

Ordovician (Darriwilian)

Lashkarak Formation

  Iran

A member of Strophomenida belonging to the family Leptellinidae.

Isogramma nakamurai[64]

Sp. nov

Valid

Tazawa

Permian (Wordian)

  Japan

Jakutoproductus lenensis[72]

Sp. nov

Valid

Makoshin

Early Permian

  Russia

Jakutoproductus talchanensis[72]

Sp. nov

Valid

Makoshin

Early Permian

  Russia

Kjaerina (Kjaerina) gondwanensis[73]

Sp. nov

Valid

Colmenar

Ordovician (late SandbianKatian)

Gabian Formation
Glauzy Formation
Louredo Formation
Portixeddu Formation

  France
  Italy
  Portugal

A rafinesquinid strophomenid brachiopod, a species of Kjaerina.

Kjaerina (Villasina)[73]

Subgen. et 3 sp. et comb. nov

Valid

Colmenar

Ordovician (Katian)

Cavá Formation
Gabian Formation
Portilla de Luna Limestones
Portixeddu Formation
Porto de Santa Anna Formation
Punta Serpeddi Formation
Rosan Formation

  France
  Italy
  Portugal
  Spain

A rafinesquinid strophomenid brachiopod, a subgenus of Kjaerina. The type species of the subgenus is Kjaerina (Villasina) pedronaensis; the subgenus also contains "Hedstroemina" almadenensis Villas (1995), as well as new species Kjaerina (Villasina) meloui and Kjaerina (Villasina) pyrenaica.

Koneviella? fuscina[55]

Sp. nov

Valid

Percival, Engelbretsen & Peng

Cambrian

Huaqiao Formation

  China

A lingulate brachiopod belonging to the family Zhanatellidae.

Kutchithyris challinori[53]

Sp. nov

Valid

MacFarlan

Jurassic

  New Zealand

A member of Terebratulida.

Kutchithyris waitomoensis[53]

Sp. nov

Valid

MacFarlan

Jurassic

  New Zealand

A member of Terebratulida.

Lacunites jaroslavi[74]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mergl & Kraft

Early Ordovician

Klabava Formation

  Czech Republic

A paterinate brachiopod.

Lampazarorthis[65]

Gen. et comb. et sp. nov

Valid[66]

Benedetto & Muñoz

Early Ordovician

  Argentina

A plectorthoid brachiopod. A new genus for "Eoorthis" bifurcata Harrington (1937); genus also includes "Nanorthis" brachymyaria Benedetto in Benedetto & Carrasco (2002), as well as new species Lampazarorthis alata.

Lepidomena multiplicata[50]

Sp. nov

Valid

Popov, Kebriaee-Zadeh & Pour

Ordovician (Darriwilian)

Lashkarak Formation

  Iran

A member of Strophomenida belonging to the family Leptellinidae.

Leptathyris gornensis[51]

Sp. nov

Valid

Baliński in Baliński, Racki & Halamski

Devonian (Frasnian)

  Poland

A member of Athyrididae.

Liaous[75]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

He & Chen in He et al.

Middle Triassic (early Anisian)

Xinyuan Formation

  China

A relative of Mentzelia and Paramentzelia. The type species is Liaous shaiwensis.

Loboidothyris awakinoensis[53]

Sp. nov

Valid

MacFarlan

Jurassic

  New Zealand

A member of Terebratulida.

Loboidothyris grantmackiei[53]

Sp. nov

Valid

MacFarlan

Jurassic

  New Zealand

A member of Terebratulida.

Loboidothyris marokopaensis[53]

Sp. nov

Valid

MacFarlan

Jurassic

  New Zealand

A member of Terebratulida.

Lyonia rochacamposi[76]

Sp. nov

Valid

Taboada et al.

Early Permian (latest Asselian-earliest Sakmarian)

Taciba Formation

  Brazil

A member of Productida belonging to the family Auriculispinidae, a species of Lyonia.

Mendozotreta[77]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Holmer et al.

Ordovician

Antelope Valley Limestone
Lindero Formation

  Argentina
  United States
(  Nevada)

A member of Acrotretida belonging to the family Acrotretidae. The type species is "Conotreta" devota Krause & Rowell (1975).

Mesoleptostrophia belli[78]

Sp. nov

Valid

Earp

Early Devonian

Montys Hut Formation

  Australia

Minutella bulgarica[79]

Sp. nov

Valid

Bitner & Motchurova-Dekova

Miocene (Badenian)

  Bulgaria

Monelasmina montisjosephi[51]

Sp. nov

Valid

Baliński in Baliński, Racki & Halamski

Devonian (Frasnian)

  Poland

A member of Draboviidae.

Nasakia[80]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Streng et al.

Cambrian

Henson Gletscher Formation

  Greenland

A member of Rhynchonelliformea belonging to the class Obolellata and the order Naukatida. The type species is Nasakia thulensis.

Numericoma rowelli[77]

Sp. nov

Valid

Holmer et al.

Ordovician (Darriwilian)

Antelope Valley Limestone
Ponon Trehue Formation

  Argentina
  United States
(  Nevada)

A member of Lingulata belonging to the family Ephippelasmatidae.

Nushbiella kleithria[48]

Sp. nov

Valid

Percival in Percival et al.

Ordovician

  Australia

A member of Lingulata belonging to the family Siphonotretidae.

Obliquorhynchia[81]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Schrøder, Lauridsen & Surlyk

Paleocene (Danian)

Faxe Formation
Vigny Formation

  Denmark
  France
  Sweden

A member of Rhynchonellida belonging to the superfamily Pugnacoidea and the family Basiliolidae; a new genus for "Terebratula" flustracea von Buch (1834).

Orthis dehmollaensis[50]

Sp. nov

Valid

Popov, Kebriaee-Zadeh & Pour

Ordovician (Darriwilian)

Lashkarak Formation

  Iran

A member of Orthida belonging to the family Orthidae.

Paraspirifer (Laurentispirifer)[71]

Subgen. et comb. nov

Valid

Jansen

Middle Devonian

  United States
  Venezuela

A subgenus of Paraspirifer. The type species is Paraspirifer conradi Godefroid & Fagerstrom (1983); the subgenus also includes "Delthyris" acuminata Conrad (1839), "Terebratula" acuminatissima de Castelnau (1843), "Spirifer" bownockeri Stewart (1927), Paraspirifer halli Godefroid & Fagerstrom (1983) and Paraspirifer clarkei Godefroid & Fagerstrom (1983).

Paraspirifer (Mosellospirifer)[71]

Subgen. et comb. nov

Valid

Jansen

Devonian (late Emsian to early Eifelian

  Germany
  Canada?
  China?

A subgenus of Paraspirifer. The type species is Paraspirifer sandbergeri Solle (1971); the subgenus also includes Spirifer auriculatus Sandberger & Sandberger (1856), Paraspirifer sandbergeri longimargo Solle (1971) (elevated to species rank), Paraspirifer eos Solle (1971) and Paraspirifer sandbergeri nepos Solle (1971). The subgenus might also include Paraspirifer gigantea Su (1976) and Paraspirifer desbiensi Bizzarro & Lespérance (1999).

Parazhanatella[55]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Percival, Engelbretsen & Peng

Cambrian

Huaqiao Formation

  China

A lingulate brachiopod belonging to the family Zhanatellidae. The type species is P. paibia.

Pedderia[70]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Baranov & Blodgett

Devonian (Pragian)

Soda Creek Limestone

  United States
(  Alaska)

A member of Rhynchonellida belonging to the family Pygmaellidae. The type species is Pedderia fragosa.

Phragmorthis shahrudensis[50]

Sp. nov

Valid

Popov, Kebriaee-Zadeh & Pour

Ordovician (Darriwilian)

Lashkarak Formation

  Iran

A member of Orthida belonging to the family Phragmorthidae.

Prospira pseudostruniana[82]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mottequin & Brice

Devonian (late Famennian)

Etrœungt Formation

  France

A member of Spiriferida belonging to the family Spiriferidae.

Psygmakantha[48]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Percival in Percival et al.

Ordovician

  Australia

A member of Lingulata belonging to the family Ephippelasmatidae. The type species is P. malachiensis'.

Punctospirifer gerankalasus[59]

Sp. nov

Valid

Oleneva

Carboniferous (Tournaisian)

  Azerbaijan

A member of Spiriferinida belonging to the family Punctospiriferidae.

Qaidamospirifer[68]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Chen, Lee & Shi in Shi et al.

Carboniferous (Serpukhovian)

Huaitoulata Formation

  China

A member of Spiriferoidea belonging to the family Choristitidae. The type species is Q. elongatus.

Rafinesquina (Mesogeina)[73]

Subgen. et comb. et 2 sp. nov

Valid

Colmenar

Ordovician (Katian)

Bohdalec Formation
Fombuena Formation
Gabian Formation
Lower Ktaoua Formation
Porto de Santa Anna Formation
Upper Tiouririne Formation
Zahorany Formation

  Czech Republic
  France
  Germany
  Morocco
  Portugal
  Spain

A rafinesquinid strophomenid brachiopod, a subgenus of Rafinesquina. The type species of the subgenus is "Leptaena" pseudoloricata Barrande (1848); the subgenus also includes Rafinesquina pomoides Havlíček (1971), as well as new species Rafinesquina (Mesogeina) gabianensis and Rafinesquina (Mesogeina) loredensis.

Rhipidomella magna[64]

Sp. nov

Valid

Tazawa

Permian (Wordian)

  Japan

Rogorthis? oriens[50]

Sp. nov

Valid

Popov, Kebriaee-Zadeh & Pour

Ordovician (Darriwilian)

Lashkarak Formation

  Iran

A member of Orthida belonging to the family Orthidae.

Sampo suduvensis[60]

Sp. nov

Valid

Paškevičius & Hints

Late Ordovician

  Lithuania
  Russia
(  Kaliningrad Oblast)

A member of Strophomenida belonging to the family Leptestiidae.

Sartenaerirhynchus[71]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Jansen

Devonian (middle Siegenian to late Emsian)

  Belgium
  Germany
  Luxembourg

A member of Rhynchonellida belonging to the superfamily Uncinuloidea. The type species is "Terebratula" antiqua Schnur (1853); genus also includes "Uncinulus" frontecostatus Drevermann (1902)

Scaphelasma quadratum[48]

Sp. nov

Valid

Engelbretsen in Percival et al.

Ordovician

  Australia

A member of Lingulata belonging to the family Scaphelasmatidae.

Schizocrania equestra[83]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mergl & Nolčová

Ordovician (Katian)

Bohdalec Formation

  Czech Republic

A member of Discinoidea belonging to the family Trematidae.

Septaliphoria felberi[52]

Sp. nov

Valid

Sulser

Middle Jurassic (Callovian)

   Switzerland

A member of Rhynchonellida belonging to the superfamily Hemithiridoidea and the family Cyclothyrididae.

Siberioproductus[57]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Baranov, Sokiran & Blodgett

Devonian (Famennian)

Chekursk Formation

  Russia
(  Sakha Republic)

A member of Rhynchonelliformea belonging to the group Productida and the family Productellidae. The type species is S. boreus.

Skenidioides cretus[51]

Sp. nov

Valid

Halamski in Baliński, Racki & Halamski

Devonian (Frasnian)

  Poland

A member of Skenidiidae.

Spinobolus[84]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Zhang et al.

Cambrian

Shuijingtuo Formation

  China

A linguloid brachiopod. The type species is Spinobolus popovi.

Tapongaspirifer[78]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Earp

Early Devonian

Montys Hut Formation

  Australia

A member of Spiriferida belonging to the family Filispiriferidae. The type species is Tapongaspirifer melodiae.

Taungurungetes[78]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Earp

Early Devonian

Montys Hut Formation
Norton Gully Sandstone

  Australia

A possible member of Devonochonetinae. The type species is "Chonetes" taggertyensis Gill (1945) from the Montys Hut Formation; genus also contains second, unnamed species from the Norton Gully Sandstone.

Terebratulina leeae[53]

Sp. nov

Valid

MacFarlan

Jurassic

  New Zealand

A member of Terebratulida.

Terebratulina putiensis[53]

Sp. nov

Valid

MacFarlan

Jurassic

  New Zealand

A member of Terebratulida.

Thaerodonta notabile[85]

Sp. nov

Valid

Paškevičius

Ordovician (Katian)

Kaimynai Formation

  Lithuania

Thulatrypa[86]

Gen. et sp. et comb. nov

Valid

Huang et al.

Silurian

  China
  Norway

An atrypoid brachiopod. The type species is Thulatrypa gregaria; genus also contains "Meifodia" orientalis Rong, Xu & Yang (1974).

Tomteluva[80]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Streng et al.

Cambrian

Stephen Formation

  Canada
(  British Columbia)

A member of Rhynchonelliformea belonging to the class Obolellata and the order Naukatida. The type species is Tomteluva perturbata.

Trentingula[87]

Gen. et 3 sp. et comb. nov

Valid

Posenato

Late Permian and Early Triassic

  Hungary
  Italy
  United States
(  Wyoming)

A member of Linguloidea belonging to the family Lingulidae. The type species is T. lorigae; genus also includes new species T. mazzinensis and T. prinothi, as well as Trentingula borealis (Bittner, 1899).

Triangulospirifer[68]

Nom. nov

Valid

Lee in Shi et al.

Carboniferous

  United Kingdom

A member of Spiriferida. A replacement name for Triangularia Poletaev (2001).

Weberproductus[54]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Torres-Martínez & Sour-Tovar

Carboniferous (middle Pennsylvanian)

Ixtaltepec Formation

  Mexico

A member of Productoidea. Genus includes new species W. donajiae.

Wenjukovispirifer[59]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Oleneva

Devonian (Famennian)

  Russia

A member of Spiriferida belonging to the family Cyrtospiriferidae. The type species is "Spirifer" koscharicus Ljaschenko (1959); genus also includes "Spirifer" archiaci Murchison (1840), "Spirifer" brodi Wenjukov (1886) and W. lebedjanicus (Nalivkin, 1947).

Zeilleria opuatiaensis[53]

Sp. nov

Valid

MacFarlan

Jurassic

  New Zealand

A member of Terebratulida.

Zeilleria waiohipaensis[53]

Sp. nov

Valid

MacFarlan

Jurassic

  New Zealand

A member of Terebratulida.

MolluscsEdit

EchinodermsEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Alternocidaris[88]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

El Qot, Abdelhamid, & Abdelghany

Late Cretaceous (Cenomanian, possibly Turonian)

  Egypt

A sea urchin belonging to the group Camarodonta and the family Glyphocyphidae. The type species is "Tiaridia" weldoni Fourtau (1921).

Applinocrinus russelli[89]

Sp. nov

Valid[90]

Gale

Late Cretaceous (Maastrichtian)

Prairie Bluff Formation

  United States
(  Mississippi)

A crinoid belonging to the group Articulata and the family Saccocomidae.

Apsidocrinus doreckae[91]

Sp. nov

Valid

Konieczyński, Pisera & Fózy

Early Cretaceous

  Hungary

A cyrtocrinid crinoid, a species of Apsidocrinus.

Arabicodiadema[92]

Gen. et comb. et sp. nov

Valid

Abdelhamid, El Qot & Abdelghany

Cretaceous (Albian to Cenomanian)

  Oman
  United Arab Emirates

A heterodiadematid sea urchin. The type species is "Trochodiadema" dhofarense Roman (1991); genus also includes new species Arabicodiadema alii.

Atalopegaster[93]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Blake & Guensburg

Late Jurassic (Oxfordian)

Swift Formation

  United States
(  Montana)

A starfish belonging to the family Stichasteridae. The type species is A. gundersoni.

Bystrowicrinus (col.) depressus[94]

Sp. nov

Valid

Donovan & Keighley

Late Silurian

West Point Formation

  Canada
(  Quebec)

A crinoid.

Calliderma lindneri[95]

Sp. nov

Valid

Niebuhr & Seibertz

Late Cretaceous (Turonian)

Schmilka Formation

  Germany

A starfish belonging to the family Goniasteridae, a species of Calliderma.

Carolinaster[96]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Osborn, Mooi & Ciampaglio

Eocene

Castle Hayne Limestone

  United States
(  North Carolina)

A heart urchin belonging to the family Prenasteridae. Genus includes new species C. varnami.

Comptoniaster michaelisi[95][97]

Nom. nov

Valid

Niebuhr & Seibertz

Late Cretaceous (middle Turonian to middle Coniacian)

  Czech Republic
  Germany
  Poland

A starfish belonging to the family Goniasteridae; a replacement name for Asterias schulzii Cotta sensu Roemer (1840, 1841).

Costatocrinus[89]

Gen. et 2 sp. nov

Valid[90]

Gale

Late Cretaceous (Campanian)

Taylor Formation

  United Kingdom
  United States
(  Texas)

A crinoid belonging to the group Articulata and the family Saccocomidae. The type species is C. brydonei; genus also includes C. mortimorei.

Cultellacrinus[89]

Gen. et 2 sp. nov

Valid[90]

Gale

Late Cretaceous

  Sweden
  United Kingdom

A crinoid belonging to the group Articulata and the family Roveacrinidae. The type species is C. gladius; genus also includes C. labyrinthus.

Cunidentechinus[98]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Smith

Early Jurassic

  United Kingdom

A stem-carinacean sea urchin; a new genus for "Echinus" minutus Buckman in Murchison (1845).

Darwinaster[99]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Hunter, Rushton & Stone

Early Devonian

Fox Bay Formation

  Falkland Islands

A brittle star related to members of the genus Protaster. Genus includes new species D. coleenbiggsae.

Echinolampas andalusiensis[96]

Sp. nov

Valid

Osborn, Mooi & Ciampaglio

Eocene

Moodys Branch Formation

  United States
(  Alabama)

A sea urchin belonging to the family Echinolampadidae.

Gitolampas twitchelli[96]

Sp. nov

Valid

Osborn, Mooi & Ciampaglio

Eocene

Santee Limestone

  United States
(  South Carolina)

A sea urchin belonging to the group Cassiduloida.

Glyptocrinus nodosus[100]

Sp. nov

Valid

Kallmeyer & Ausich

Ordovician (Katian)

Kope Formation

  United States
(  Kentucky
  Ohio)

A camerate crinoid, a species of Glyptocrinus.

Goniopygus macrotuberculatus[88]

Sp. nov

Valid

El Qot, Abdelhamid, & Abdelghany

Late Cretaceous (Cenomanian)

Raha Formation

  Egypt

A sea urchin belonging to the group Arbacioida and the family Acropeltidae.

Goniopygus subaequalis[88]

Sp. nov

Valid

El Qot, Abdelhamid, & Abdelghany

Late Cretaceous (Cenomanian)

Raha Formation

  Egypt

A sea urchin belonging to the group Arbacioida and the family Acropeltidae.

Haimea brooksi[96]

Sp. nov

Valid

Osborn, Mooi & Ciampaglio

Eocene

Ocala Limestone

  United States
(  Florida)

A sea urchin belonging to the group Oligopygoida.

Hessicrinus[89]

Gen. et 2 sp. nov

Valid[90]

Gale

Late Cretaceous (Campanian)

  United Kingdom

A crinoid belonging to the group Articulata and the family Roveacrinidae. The type species is H. filigree; genus also includes H. scalaensis.

Hiiumaacrinus[101]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Ausich & Wilson

Silurian (Rhuddanian)

Hilliste Formation

  Estonia

A crinoid. Genus includes new species H. vinni.

Jakeocrinus[89]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid[90]

Gale

Late Cretaceous (early Campanian)

Taylor Formation

  United States
(  Texas)

A crinoid belonging to the group Articulata and the family Roveacrinidae. The type species is J. ellisensis.

Lakotacrinus[102]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Hunter et al.

Late Cretaceous (Campanian)

Pierre Shale

  United States
(  South Dakota)

A stalked crinoid. The type species is L. brezinai.

Lehmannaster[103]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Blake, Guensburg & Lefebvre

Ordovician (late Darriwilian)

Traveusot Formation

  France

A stenuroid asterozoan. Genus includes new species L. spinosus.

Lopidiaster[103]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Blake, Guensburg & Lefebvre

Ordovician (Floian)

Garden City Formation

  United States
(  Utah)

A stenuroid asterozoan. Genus includes new species L. jamisoni.

Loriolidiadema[92]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Abdelhamid, El Qot & Abdelghany

Cretaceous (Aptian-Cenomanian)

  Egypt
  Portugal
Border region between   Syria and   Lebanon

A heterodiadematid sea urchin. The type species is "Pseudodiadema" libanoticum de Loriol (1887); genus also includes Loriolidiadema sculptile (de Loriol, 1887).

Lucernacrinus[89]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid[90]

Gale

Late Cretaceous

  United Kingdom

A crinoid belonging to the group Articulata and the family Roveacrinidae. The type species is L. woodi.

Maennilocystis[104]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Paul & Rozhnov

Late Ordovician

  Estonia

A cystoid belonging to the family Callocystitidae. The type species is M. heckeri.

Manfredaster praebulbiferus[95]

Sp. nov

Valid

Niebuhr & Seibertz

Late Cretaceous (Cenomanian to Coniacian)

Dölzschen Formation
Schrammstein Formation
Strehlen Formation

  Germany

A starfish belonging to the group Valvatida and the family Stauranderasteridae.

Mariania comaschicariae[105]

Sp. nov

Valid

Stara, Borghi & Kroh

Miocene (Aquitanian to early Burdigalian)

Nurallao Formation

  Italy

A heart urchin belonging to the superfamily Spatangoidea, a species of Mariania.

Mariania stefaninii[105]

Sp. nov

Valid

Stara, Borghi & Kroh

Miocene (late Burdigalian to early Langhian)

Pantano Formation

  Italy

A heart urchin belonging to the superfamily Spatangoidea, a species of Mariania.

Meturaster[103]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Blake, Guensburg & Lefebvre

Ordovician (middle Darriwilian)

Lehman Formation

  United States
(  Nevada)

A starfish. Genus includes new species M. belli.

Monophoraster telfordi[106]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mooi, Martínez & del Río

Early Miocene

Chenque Formation

  Argentina

A sand dollar.

Nucleolites usoi[107]

Sp. nov

Valid

Forner i Valls

Early Cretaceous (Barremian)

Artoles Formation

  Spain

A sea urchin.

Osteocrinus sinensis[108]

Sp. nov

Valid

Hess, Etter & Hagdorn

Late Triassic (early Carnian)

Xiaowa Formation

  China

A crinoid belonging to the group Roveacrinida, a species of Osteocrinus.

Pentamerocrinus kosovi[109]

Sp. nov

Valid

Rozhnov

Ordovician

  Russia
(  Leningrad Oblast)

A crinoid belonging to the group Inadunata, a species of Pentamerocrinus.

Petraster crozonensis[103]

Sp. nov

Valid

Blake, Guensburg & Lefebvre

Ordovician (early Katian)

Kermeur Formation

  France

A starfish.

Phyllocrinus bersekensis[91]

Sp. nov

Valid

Konieczyński, Pisera & Fózy

Early Cretaceous

  Hungary

A cyrtocrinid crinoid, a species of Phyllocrinus.

Placentinechinus[110]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid[111]

Borghi & Garilli

Pleistocene (GelasianCalabrian)

  Italy

A sea urchin belonging to the family Temnopleuridae. The type species is P. davolii.

Plagiochasma saurai[107]

Sp. nov

Valid

Forner i Valls

Early Cretaceous (Barremian)

Artoles Formation

  Spain

A sea urchin.

Platelicrinus longispinus[89]

Sp. nov

Valid[90]

Gale

Late Cretaceous

  United Kingdom

A crinoid belonging to the group Articulata and the family Roveacrinidae.

Protaeropsis[112]

Nom. nov

Valid

Doweld

Paleocene (Thanetian)

  Spain

A heart urchin; a replacement name for Sphenaster Jeffery in Smith et al. (1999).

Protaxocrinus estoniensis[101]

Sp. nov

Valid

Ausich & Wilson

Silurian (Rhuddanian)

Hilliste Formation

  Estonia

A crinoid.

Pseudomilnia[98]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Smith

Middle Jurassic

  France
  United Kingdom

A salenioidan sea urchin; a new genus for "Acrosalenia" miliaria Paris (1908).

Sagittacrinus[89]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid[90]

Gale

Late Cretaceous (early Campanian)

Taylor Formation

  United Kingdom
  United States
(  Texas)

A crinoid belonging to the group Articulata and the family Saccocomidae. The type species is S. torpedo.

Salenia buddyi[96]

Sp. nov

Valid

Osborn, Mooi & Ciampaglio

Eocene

Santee Limestone

  United States
(  South Carolina)

A sea urchin belonging to the group Salenioida.

Schuchertia sprinklei[103]

Sp. nov

Valid

Blake, Guensburg & Lefebvre

Ordovician (Dapingian)

Kanosh Shale

  United States
(  Utah)

A starfish.

Stellacrinus[89]

Gen. et 2 sp. nov

Valid[90]

Gale

Late Cretaceous (Santonian and Campanian)

Gulpen Formation
Taylor Formation
Vaals Formation

  Netherlands
  Sweden
  United Kingdom
  United States
(  Texas)

A crinoid belonging to the group Articulata and the family Roveacrinidae. The type species is S. hugesae; genus also includes S. pannosus.

Stomechinus phillipsii[98]

Sp. nov

Valid

Smith

Jurassic

  United Kingdom

A sea urchin.

Thinocrinus akanthos[113]

Sp. nov

Valid

Rhenberg, Ausich & Meyer

Carboniferous (Mississippian)

Fort Payne Formation

  United States
(  Kentucky)

A camerate crinoid belonging to the group Monobathrida and the family Actinocrinitidae.

Trochotiara aalensis[98]

Sp. nov

Valid

Smith

Middle Jurassic

  United Kingdom

A sea urchin.

Wrightechnus[98]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Smith

Middle Jurassic

  France
  United Kingdom

A sea urchin, possibly a stem-salenioidan; a new genus for "Acrosalenia" lycetti Wright (1851).

ConodontsEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Amydrotaxis corniculans truncus[114]

Subsp. nov

Valid

Mathieson et al.

Early Devonian

Mountain Dam Limestone

  Australia

A member of Ozarkodinida belonging to the family Spathognathodontidae.

Cypricriodus[115][116]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Murphy, Carls & Valenzuela-Ríos

Silurian and Early Devonian

  Australia
  United States
(  Nevada)

Genus includes "Caudicriodus" hesperius (Klapper & Murphy, 1975).

Eognathodus kuangi[117]

Sp. nov

Valid

Earp

Early Devonian

  China

Eognathodus sulcatus lanei[114]

Subsp. nov

Valid

Mathieson et al.

Early Devonian

Mountain Dam Limestone

  Australia

A member of Ozarkodinida belonging to the family Spathognathodontidae.

Eognathodus sulcatus sicatus[114]

Subsp. nov

Valid

Mathieson et al.

Early Devonian

Booth Limestone

  Australia

A member of Ozarkodinida belonging to the family Spathognathodontidae.

Gladigondolella okayi[118]

Sp. nov

Valid

Kiliç

Triassic

Kayabaşı Limestone

  Turkey

Gondolella wardlawi[119]

Sp. nov

Valid

Nestell & Pope in Nestell, Wardlaw & Pope

Carboniferous (Pennsylvanian)

Excello Shale

  United States
(  Iowa)

Heliagnathus[114]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Mathieson et al.

Early Devonian

Mountain Dam Limestone

  Australia

A member of Ozarkodinida of uncertain phylogenetic placement. The type species is H. parvilabiatus.

Icriodus ampliatus[114]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mathieson et al.

Early Devonian

Mountain Dam Limestone

  Australia

A member of Prioniodontida belonging to the family Icriodontidae.

Icriodus michiganus[120]

Sp. nov

Valid

Narkiewicz & Bultynck

Devonian (Eifelian)

Michigan Basin

  United States

Icriodus praealternatus ferus[121]

Subsp. nov

Valid

Wang et al.

Late Devonian (Frasnian/Famennian boundary)

Hongguleleng Formation

  China

A subspecies of Icriodus praealternatus.

Icriodus plurinodosus[121]

Sp. nov

Valid

Wang et al.

Late Devonian (early Famennian)

Hongguleleng Formation

  China

A species of Icriodus.

Icriodus stenoancylus junggarensis[121]

Subsp. nov

Valid

Wang et al.

Late Devonian (early Famennian)

Hongguleleng Formation

  China

A subspecies of Icriodus stenoancylus.

Idiognathodus lateralis[122]

Sp. nov

Valid

Hogancamp, Barrick & Strauss

Carboniferous (early Gzhelian)

  China
  Russia
  Ukraine
  United States

A member of Ozarkodinida belonging to the family Idiognathodontidae, a species of Idiognathodus.

Idiognathodus tuberis[119]

Sp. nov

Valid

Nestell, Wardlaw & Pope

Carboniferous (Pennsylvanian)

Excello Shale

  United States
(  Iowa)

Neogondolella cuneiforme[123]

Sp. nov

Valid

Golding & Orchard

Middle Triassic (Anisian)

  Canada
(  British Columbia)

Neogondolella curva[123]

Sp. nov

Valid

Golding & Orchard

Middle Triassic (Anisian)

  Canada
(  British Columbia)
  United States
(  Nevada)

Neogondolella dilacerata[123]

Sp. nov

Valid

Golding & Orchard

Middle Triassic (Anisian)

  Canada
(  British Columbia)

Originally described as a species of Neogondolella, but subsequently transferred to the genus Magnigondolella.[124]

Neogondolella hastata[123]

Sp. nov

Valid

Golding & Orchard

Middle Triassic (Anisian)

  Canada
(  British Columbia)
  United States
(  Nevada)

Neogondolella indicta[123]

Sp. nov

Valid

Golding & Orchard

Middle Triassic (Anisian)

  Canada
(  British Columbia)
  United States
(  Nevada)

Neogondolella panlaurentia[123]

Sp. nov

Valid

Golding & Orchard

Middle Triassic (Anisian)

  Canada
(  British Columbia)
  United States
(  Nevada)

Neogondolella tenera[123]

Sp. nov

Valid

Golding & Orchard

Middle Triassic (Anisian)

  Canada
(  British Columbia)
  United States
(  Nevada)

Neogondolella vellicata[123]

Sp. nov

Valid

Golding & Orchard

Middle Triassic (Anisian)

  Canada
(  British Columbia)
  United States
(  Nevada)

Neopolygnathus huijunae[121]

Sp. nov

Valid

Wang et al.

Late Devonian (early Famennian)

Hongguleleng Formation

  China

A species of Neopolygnathus.

Neospathodus planus[125]

Sp. nov

Valid

Chen et al.

Early Triassic

  Slovenia

Oulodus astriatus[114]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mathieson et al.

Early Devonian

Booth Limestone

  Australia

A member of Prioniodinida belonging to the family Prioniodinidae.

Ozarkodina multistriola[114]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mathieson et al.

Early Devonian

Mountain Dam Limestone

  Australia

A member of Ozarkodinida belonging to the family Spathognathodontidae.

Ozarkodina scoliciformis[114]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mathieson et al.

Early Devonian

Mountain Dam Limestone

  Australia

A member of Ozarkodinida belonging to the family Spathognathodontidae.

Ozarkodina selfi cordata[114]

Subsp. nov

Valid

Mathieson et al.

Early Devonian

Mountain Dam Limestone

  Australia

A member of Ozarkodinida belonging to the family Spathognathodontidae.

Ozarkodina selfi lanceola[114]

Subsp. nov

Valid

Mathieson et al.

Early Devonian

Mountain Dam Limestone

  Australia

A member of Ozarkodinida belonging to the family Spathognathodontidae.

Ozarkodina selfi lenticula[114]

Subsp. nov

Valid

Mathieson et al.

Early Devonian

Mountain Dam Limestone

  Australia

A member of Ozarkodinida belonging to the family Spathognathodontidae.

Panderodus rhytiodus[114]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mathieson et al.

Early Devonian

Mountain Dam Limestone

  Australia

A member of the family Panderodontidae.

Pelekysgnathus inequalis[114]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mathieson et al.

Early Devonian

Booth Limestone

  Australia

A member of Prioniodontida belonging to the family Icriodontidae.

Pelekysgnathus jeppssoni[126]

Sp. nov

Valid

Nazarova

Devonian (Eifelian)

  Russia
(  Bryansk Oblast)

Platyvillosus corniger[125]

Sp. nov

Valid

Chen et al.

Early Triassic

  Slovenia

Polygnathus abaimovae[127]

Sp. nov

Valid

Baranov & Blodgett

Devonian (Emsian)

  Russia

Polygnathus beckeri[127]

Nom. nov

Valid

Baranov & Blodgett

Devonian (Emsian)

  Russia

A replacement name for Polygnathus inflexus Baranov (1992).

Polygnathus datnensis[127]

Sp. nov

Valid

Baranov & Blodgett

Devonian (Emsian)

  Russia

Polygnathus dogdensis[127]

Sp. nov

Valid

Baranov & Blodgett

Devonian (Emsian)

  Russia

Polygnathus novozemelicus[127]

Sp. nov

Valid

Baranov & Blodgett

Devonian (Emsian)

  Russia

“Polygnathus” pseudocommunis[121]

Sp. nov

Valid

Wang et al.

Late Devonian (early Famennian)

Hongguleleng Formation

  China

Possibly a species of Polygnathus.

Polygnathus slastenovi[127]

Sp. nov

Valid

Baranov & Blodgett

Devonian (Emsian)

  Russia

Polygnathus tarabukini[127]

Sp. nov

Valid

Baranov & Blodgett

Devonian (Emsian)

  Russia

Siphonodella (Siphonodella) jii[128]

Nom. nov

Disputed

Becker, Kaiser & Aretz

Carboniferous (Tournaisian)

Chappel Limestone

  United States

A replacement name for Siphonodella (Siphonodella) hassi Ji (1985). Plotitsyn and Zhuravlev (2016) considered S. jii to be a junior synonym of Siphonodella quadruplicata (Branson et Mehl), because they considered the specimen selected as the holotype of S. jii to be more likely to represent an ontogenetic stage of S. quadruplicata.[129]

Staeschegnathus[130]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Koike

Triassic

Taho Formation

  Japan

An ellisonid conodont. The type species is S. perrii.

FishesEdit

AmphibiansEdit

ResearchEdit

New taxaEdit

TemnospondylsEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Cyclotosaurus buechneri[140]

Sp. nov

Valid

Witzmann, Sachs & Nyhuis

Late Triassic (middle Carnian)

Stuttgart Formation

  Germany

A mastodonsauroid temnospondyl, a species of Cyclotosaurus.

Konzhukovia sangabrielensis[141]

Sp. nov

Valid[142]

Pacheco et al.

Permian (early Guadalupian)

Rio do Rasto Formation

  Brazil

Samarabatrachus[143]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Novikov

Early Triassic

Sukhorechka Formation

  Russia
(  Samara Oblast)

A capitosaurid temnospondyl. The type species is S. bjerringi.

Selenocara rossica[143]

Sp. nov

Valid

Novikov

Early Triassic

Sukhorechka Formation

  Russia
(  Orenburg Oblast
  Samara Oblast)

A capitosaurid temnospondyl.

Stanocephalosaurus amenasensis[144]

Sp. nov

Valid

Dahoumane et al.

Early-Middle Triassic

Zarzaïtine Series, Illizi Basin

  Algeria

A mastodonsauroid temnospondyl, a species of Stanocephalosaurus.

Syrtosuchus[143]

Gen. et comb. et sp. nov

Valid

Novikov

Early Triassic

Sukhorechka Formation

  Russia
(  Orenburg Oblast
  Samara Oblast)

A benthosuchid temnospondyl. The type species is "Wetlugasaurus" samarensis Sennikov (1981); genus also includes new species S. morkovini.

Tomeia[145]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Eltink, Da-Rosa & Dias-da-Silva

Early Triassic

Sanga do Cabral Supersequence

  Brazil

A mastodonsauroid temnospondyl. The type species is T. witecki.

Yuanansuchus maopingchangensis[146]

Sp. nov

Valid

Liu

Middle Triassic (Anisian)

Badong Formation

  China

A mastodonsauroid temnospondyl, a species of Yuanansuchus.

LissamphibiansEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Hyogobatrachus[147]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Ikeda, Ota & Matsui

Early Cretaceous

Sasayama Group

  Japan

A frog. The type species is Hyogobatrachus wadai.

Kiyatriton krasnolutskii[148]

Sp. nov

Valid

Skutschas

Middle Jurassic (Bathonian)

Itat Formation

  Russia
(  Krasnoyarsk Krai)

A salamander, a species of Kiyatriton.

Kuruleufenia[149]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Gómez

Late Cretaceous (late Campanian–early Maastrichtian)

Allen Formation

  Argentina

A member of Pipidae. The type species is Kuruleufenia xenopoides.

Litoria lundeliusi[150]

Sp. nov

Valid

Tyler & Prideaux

Pleistocene

  Australia

A species of Litoria.

Nuominerpeton[151]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Jia & Gao

Early Cretaceous (BarremianAptian)

Guanghua Formation

  China

A cryptobranchoid salamander of uncertain phylogenetic placement. The type species is N. aquilonaris.

Palaeobatrachus eurydices[152]

Sp. nov

Valid

Villa et al.

Early Pleistocene (Gelasian)

  Netherlands

Phosphotriton[153]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Tissier, Rage, Boistel, Fernandez, Pollet, Garcia and Laurin

Eocene

  France

A salamander. The type species is Phosphotriton sigei.

Prospea[154]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Chen et al.

Paleocene

Naranbulak Formation

  Mongolia

A member of Scaphiopodidae. The type species is Prospea holoserisca.

Qinglongtriton[155]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Jia & Gao

Late Jurassic (Oxfordian)

Tiaojishan Formation

  China

A basal member of Salamandroidea. The type species is Qinglongtriton gangouensis.

Tambabatrachus[147]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Ikeda, Ota & Matsui

Early Cretaceous

Sasayama Group

  Japan

A frog. The type species is Tambabatrachus kawazu.

OthersEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Aytonerpeton[156]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Otoo, Clack & Smithson in Clack et al.

Carboniferous (Tournaisian)

Ballagan Formation

  United Kingdom

An early tetrapod of uncertain phylogenetic placement. The type species is A. microps.

Diploradus[156]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Clack & Smithson in Clack et al.

Carboniferous (Tournaisian)

Ballagan Formation

  United Kingdom

An early tetrapod of uncertain phylogenetic placement. The type species is D. austiumensis.

Koilops[156]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Clack & Smithson in Clack et al.

Carboniferous (Tournaisian)

Ballagan Formation

  United Kingdom

An early tetrapod of uncertain phylogenetic placement. The type species is K. herma.

Ossirarus[156]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Clack & Smithson in Clack et al.

Carboniferous (Tournaisian)

Ballagan Formation

  United Kingdom

An early tetrapod of uncertain phylogenetic placement. The type species is O. kierani.

Perittodus[156]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Clack & Smithson in Clack et al.

Carboniferous (Tournaisian)

Ballagan Formation

  United Kingdom

An early tetrapod of uncertain phylogenetic placement. The type species is P. apsconditus.

LepidosaursEdit

LizardsEdit

ResearchEdit

  • Twelve specimens of lizards (including stem-gekkotans, crown-agamids, a lacertoid, a stem-chamaeleonid and squamates of uncertain phylogenetic placement, probably stem-squamates) are described from the Cretaceous (Albian-Cenomanian boundary) amber from Myanmar by Daza et al. (2016).[157]
  • A study of almost 30 specimens of Polyglyphanodon sternbergi, including almost complete skeletons, is published by Simões et al. (2016), who report the discovery of previously unrecognized ontogenetic series, sexual dimorphism and a complete lower temporal bar in the skull of members of this species.[158]
  • New anatomical data on the Late Cretaceous lizard Slavoia darevskii is published by Tałanda (2016), who interprets it as a stem-amphisbaenian.[159]
  • A study on the skull anatomy of the Eocene amphisbaenian Spathorhynchus fossorium is published by Müller, Hipsley & Maisano (2016).[160]
  • A study on mosasaur tooth implantation and its phylogenetic implications is published by Liu et al. (2016).[161]
  • A redescription of the mosasaur Hainosaurus bernardi Dollo (1885) is published by Jimenez-Huidobro & Caldwell (2016), who transfer this species to the genus Tylosaurus and synonymize genera Tylosaurus and Hainosaurus.[162]
  • A revision of the species assigned to the mosasaur genus Tylosaurus is published by Jiménez-Huidobro, Simões & Caldwell (2016);[163] their conclusion that T. kansasensis is a junior synonym of T. nepaeolicus is subsequently rejected by Stewart & Mallon (2018).[164]
  • Early Miocene chamaeleonid fossils, including a specimen tentatively attributed to the species Chamaeleo cf. andrusovi Čerňanský (2010), previously known only from the early Miocene of the Czech Republic, are described from the Aliveri locality (Euboea, Greece) by Georgalis, Villa & Delfino (2016).[165]
  • Lizard fossils which might be the oldest known chameleon fossils from India are described from the Miocene Nagri Formation by Sankhyan & Čerňanský (2016).[166]

New taxaEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Bagaluus[167]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Alifanov

Early Cretaceous

  Mongolia

A member of Scincomorpha belonging to the family Hodzhakuliidae. The type species is B. primigenius.

Carnoscincus[167]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Alifanov

Early Cretaceous

  Mongolia

A member of Scincomorpha belonging to the family Hodzhakuliidae. The type species is C. eublepharus.

Janosikia[168]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Čerňanský, Klembara & Smith

Early Miocene

  Germany

A member of Lacertidae; a new genus for "Ophisaurus" ulmensis Gerhardt (1903).

Jeddaherdan[169]

Gen. et sp. nov

Apesteguía et al.

Late Cretaceous (Cenomanian)

Kem Kem Beds

  Morocco

An iguanian belonging to the group Acrodonta, possibly a relative of the uromasticine agamids. The type species is J. aleadonta.

Ophisauromimus[170]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Čerňanský, Klembara & Műller

Oligocene

  France
  Germany

A member of Anguidae. A new genus for "Dopasia" coderetensis Augé (2005); genus also includes "Dopasia" frayssensis Augé (2005).

Platynotoides[167]

Gen. et sp. nov

Junior homonym

Alifanov

Early Cretaceous

  Mongolia

A member of Scincomorpha belonging to the family Hodzhakuliidae. The type species is P. altidentatus. The generic name is preoccupied by Platynotoides Kaszab (1975).

Pluridens calabaria[171]

Sp. nov

Valid

Longrich

Late Cretaceous (late Campanian)

Nkporo Shale

  Nigeria

A mosasaur, a species of Pluridens.

Solastella[172]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Stocker & Kirk

Eocene

Devil's Graveyard Formation

  United States
(  Texas)

A rhineurid amphisbaenian. The type species is Solastella cookei.

SnakesEdit

ResearchEdit

  • Lee et al. (2016) examine the limb anatomy of Tetrapodophis amplectus, which according to the authors is suggestive of aquatic habits.[173]
  • A redescription of the Cenomanian snake Simoliophis rochebrunei on the basis of new fossil material from France is published by Rage, Vullo & Néraudeau (2016).[174]
  • Smith & Scanferla (2016) describe a juvenile specimen of Palaeopython fischeri from the Eocene Messel pit with preserved stomach contents, including a specimen of the stem-basilisk species Geiseltaliellus maarius, which in turn preserves an unidentified insect in its stomach.[175]
  • McNamara et al. (2016) describe pigment cells responsible for coloration and patterning preserved in a fossil skin of a colubrid snake from the Late Miocene Libros Lagerstätte (Teruel, Spain).[176]
  • New fossil material of the viperid Laophis crotaloides is described from Greece by Georgalis et al. (2016).[177]

New taxaEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Lunaophis[178]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Albino, Carrillo-Briceño & Neenan

Late Cretaceous (Cenomanian)

La Luna Formation

  Venezuela

A snake of uncertain phylogenetic placement. The type species is L. aquaticus.

Platyspondylophis[179]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Smith et al.

Eocene (Ypresian)

Cambay Shale Formation

  India

A member of Madtsoiidae. The type species is P. tadkeshwarensis.

Rieppelophis[180]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Scanferla, Smith & Schaal

Eocene

Messel pit

  Germany

A member of Boidae. A new genus for "Messelophis" ermannorum Schaal & Baszio (2004).

IchthyosauromorphsEdit

ResearchEdit

  • A study of taxonomic richness, disparity and evolutionary rates of ichthyosaurs throughout the Cretaceous period is published by Fischer et al. (2016).[181]
  • A restudy of "Platypterygius" campylodon is published by Fischer (2016), who transfers this species to the genus Pervushovisaurus.[182]
  • A revision of the ichthyosaur material of the British Middle and Late Jurassic referable to Ophthalmosaurus icenicus is published by Moon & Kirton (2016).[183]

New taxaEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Cryopterygius kielanae[184]

Sp. nov

Valid

Tyborowski

Late Jurassic (Tithonian)

Kcynia Formation

  Poland

A member of Ophthalmosauridae. Transferred to the genus Undorosaurus by Zverkov & Efimov (2019).[185]

Ichthyosaurus larkini[186]

Sp. nov

Valid[187]

Lomax & Massare

Early Jurassic (Hettangian)

  United Kingdom

Ichthyosaurus somersetensis[186]

Sp. nov

Valid[187]

Lomax & Massare

Early Jurassic (Hettangian)

  United Kingdom

Sclerocormus[188]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Jiang et al.

Early Triassic (Olenekian)

Nanlinghu Formation

  China

A basal member of Ichthyosauriformes. The type species is S. parviceps.

Wahlisaurus[189]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid[190]

Lomax

Early Jurassic (Hettangian)

  United Kingdom

A member of Leptonectidae. The type species is W. massarae.

SauropterygiansEdit

ResearchEdit

New taxaEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Alexandronectes[195]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Otero et al.

Late Cretaceous (early Maastrichtian)

Conway Formation

  New Zealand

An aristonectine elasmosaurid plesiosaur. The type species is Alexandronectes zealandiensis.

Dawazisaurus[196]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Cheng et al.

Middle Triassic (Anisian)

Guanling Formation

  China

A non-pistosauroid eosauropterygian of uncertain phylogenetic placement. The type species is Dawazisaurus brevis.

Kawanectes[197]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

O'Gorman

Late Cretaceous (late Campanian–early Maastrichtian)

Allen Formation

  Argentina

An elasmosaurid plesiosaur. The type species is "Trinacromerum" lafquenianum Gasparini & Goñi (1985).

Lariosaurus vosseveldensis[198]

Sp. nov

Valid

Klein et al.

Middle Triassic (Anisian)

  Netherlands

Polycotylus sopozkoi[199]

Sp. nov

Valid

Efimov, Meleshin & Nikiforov

Late Cretaceous

  Russia

Stenorhynchosaurus[200]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Páramo et al.

Early Cretaceous (late Barremian)

Paja Formation

  Colombia

A pliosaurid plesiosaur. The type species is Stenorhynchosaurus munozi.

TurtlesEdit

ResearchEdit

New taxaEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Algorachelus[209]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Pérez-García[210]

Late Cretaceous (Cenomanian)

Arenas de Utrillas Formation

  Portugal[211]  Spain

A member of Bothremydidae. The type species is A. peregrinus.

Anhuichelys doumuensis[212]

Sp. nov

Valid

Tong et al.

Middle Paleocene

Doumu Formation

  China

A stem-tortoise, a species of Anhuichelys.

Clemmys hutchensorum[213]

Sp. nov

Valid

Bourque

Early Pleistocene (late Blancan)

  United States
(  Florida)

A species of Clemmys.

Fontainechelon[214]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Pérez-García, Ortega & Jiménez Fuentes

Early Eocene

  France

A tortoise; a new genus for "Achilemys" cassouleti Claude & Tong (2004).

Inaechelys[215]

Gen. et sp. nov

Disputed

Carvalho, Ghilardi & Barreto

Paleocene (Danian)

Maria Farinha Formation

  Brazil

A member of Bothremydidae. The type species is I. pernambucensis. Its status as a valid taxon was challenged by Romano (2016), who considered the genus Inaechelys to be a junior synonym of the genus Rosasia and the species I. pernambucensis/Rosasia pernambucensis to be a nomen dubium.[216]

Keuperotesta[217]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Szczygielski & Sulej

Late Triassic

  Germany

A member of Proterochersidae. The type species is Keuperotesta limendorsa. The genus Keuperotesta was considered to be a junior synonym of the genus Proterochersis by Joyce (2017), though the author maintained K. limendorsa as a distinct species within the latter genus.[218]

Kinosternon notolophus[219]

Sp. nov

Valid

Bourque

Miocene (Clarendonian)

Alachua Formation
Statenville Formation

  United States
(  Florida)

A mud turtle.

Kinosternon pannekollops[219]

Sp. nov

Valid

Bourque

Miocene (Clarendonian)

Ogallala Formation

  United States
(  Texas)

A mud turtle.

Kinosternon rincon[219]

Sp. nov

Valid

Bourque

Miocene (late Barstovian)

Cerro Conejo Formation

  United States
(  New Mexico)

A mud turtle.

Kinosternon wakeeniense[219]

Sp. nov

Valid

Bourque

Miocene (Clarendonian)

Ash Hollow Formation
Ogallala Formation

  United States
(  Kansas,
  Nebraska)

A mud turtle.

Neurankylus notos[220]

Sp. nov

Valid

Lichtig & Lucas

Late Cretaceous (Coniacian-Santonian)

Crevasse Canyon Formation

  United States
(  New Mexico)

A member of Baenidae.

Neurankylus torrejonensis[221]

Sp. nov

Valid

Lyson et al.

Paleocene (Torrejonian)

Nacimiento Formation

  United States
(  New Mexico)

A member of Baenidae.

Notoemys tlaxiacoensis[222]

Sp. nov

Valid[223]

López-Conde et al.

Late Jurassic (Kimmeridgian)

Sabinal Formation

  Mexico

A member of Platychelyidae.

Paiutemys[224]

Gen. et sp. nov

Disputed

Joyce, Lyson & Kirkland

Late Cretaceous (late Cenomanian)

Naturita Formation

  United States
(  Utah)

A member of Bothremydidae. The type species is P. tibert. Pérez-García (2018) considered the genus Paiutemys to be a junior synonym of the genus Algorachelus, and transferred the species P. tibert to the latter genus.[225]

Palaeoamyda[226]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Cadena

Eocene

  Germany

A relative of trionychids; a new genus for "Trionyx" messelianus Reinach (1900).

Pelorochelon[214]

Gen. et sp. et comb. nov

Valid

Pérez-García, Ortega & Jiménez Fuentes

Middle Eocene

  Germany
  Spain

A tortoise. The type species is P. soriana; genus also includes Pelorochelon eocaenica (Hummel, 1935).

Proterochersis porebensis[217]

Sp. nov

Valid

Szczygielski & Sulej

Late Triassic

  Poland

A member of Proterochersidae.

Sichuanchelys palatodentata[227]

Sp. nov

Valid

Joyce et al.

Late Jurassic (Oxfordian)

Shishugou Formation

  China

A basal member of Testudinata.

Tartaruscola[228]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Pérez-García

Eocene (Ypresian)

  France

A member of Bothremydidae belonging to the group Foxemydina. The type species is T. teodorii.

Yelmochelys[229]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Brinkman et al.

Late Cretaceous (late Campanian and early Maastrichtian)

Cañon del Tule Formation
Cerro del Pueblo Formation

  Mexico

A stem-kinosternid. The type species is Yelmochelys rosarioae.

ArchosauriformesEdit

Other reptilesEdit

ResearchEdit

  • A skull of a juvenile specimen of Delorhynchus cifellii is described from the Richards Spur locality (Oklahoma, United States) by Haridy et al. (2016).[230]
  • A revision of the systematics of the Chinese pareiasaurs is published by Benton (2016).[231]
  • A study of evolution of body size of the carnivorous and herbivorous members of Captorhinidae is published by Brocklehurst (2016).[232]
  • Surmik et al. (2016) describe nothosaurid and tanystropheid bones from the Triassic of Poland preserving blood-vessel-like structures enclosing organic molecules.[233]
  • Two new specimens of Atopodentatus unicus are described by Chun et al. (2016), providing new information on the skull anatomy of this species and indicating that its rostrum, rather than being downturned as originally assumed, developed a hammerhead-like shape.[234]
  • Description of new material of Hemilopas mentzeli from the Middle Triassic of Silesia (Poland) and a study of the phylogenetic relationships of the species is published by Surmik (2016).[235]
  • Description of the anatomy of partially articulated forelimbs and isolated forelimb bones of Drepanosaurus recovered from the Late Triassic (Norian) Hayden Quarry (Chinle Formation) of New Mexico, USA is published by Pritchard et al. (2016).[236]
  • A study on the femoral and tibial histology of the rhynchosaur Stenaulorhynchus stockleyi is published by Werning & Nesbitt (2016).[237]
  • A study on the maximum body size and distribution of the reptile species known to have gone extinct during the last 50,000 years, as well as the role played by these factors in recent reptile extinction events, is published by Slavenko et al. (2016).[238]

New taxaEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Brasinorhynchus[239]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Schultz, Langer & Montefeltro

Middle Triassic (Ladinian)

Santa Maria Formation

  Brazil

A rhynchosaur belonging to the group Stenaulorhynchinae. The type species is Brasinorhynchus mariantensis.

Colobomycter vaughni[240]

Sp. nov

Valid

MacDougall, Modesto & Reisz

Early Permian

  United States
(  Oklahoma)

A member of Lanthanosuchoidea.

Euconcordia[241]

Nom. nov

Valid

Reisz, Haridy & Müller

Carboniferous (Pennsylvanian)

Calhouns Shale

  United States
(  Kansas)

A member of Captorhinidae; a replacement name for Concordia Müller & Reisz (2005).

Langeronyx[242]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Ezcurra, Montefeltro & Butler

Middle Triassic (Anisian)

Bromsgrove Sandstone Formation

  United Kingdom

A rhynchosaur; a new genus for "Rhynchosaurus" brodiei Benton (1990).

Ozimek[243]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Dzik & Sulej

Late Triassic (probably late Carnian)

  Poland

A relative of Sharovipteryx. The type species is O. volans.

Teyujagua[244]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Pinheiro et al.

Early Triassic (Induan to early Olenekian)

Sanga do Cabral Formation

  Brazil

A member of Archosauromorpha closely related to Archosauriformes. The type species is Teyujagua paradoxa.

Xinpusaurus xingyiensis[245]

Sp. nov

Valid

Li et al.

Middle Triassic (Ladinian)

  China

A thalattosaur.

SynapsidsEdit

Non-mammalian synapsidsEdit

ResearchEdit

New taxaEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Abdalodon[258]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Kammerer

Late Permian

Beaufort Group
(Tropidostoma Assemblage Zone)

  South Africa

An early cynodont related to Charassognathus gracilis. The type species is Abdalodon diastematicus.

Bonacynodon[259]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Martinelli, Soares & Schwanke

Late Triassic (early Carnian)

Santa Maria Supersequence

  Brazil

A member of Probainognathidae. The type species is B. schultzi.

Montirictus[260]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Matsuoka, Kusuhashi & Korfe

Early Cretaceous (probably Barremian or Aptian)

Kuwajima Formation

  Japan

A member of Tritylodontidae. The type species is Montirictus kuwajimaensis. Averianov et al. (2017) considered the genus Montirictus to be a junior synonym of the genus Stereognathus.[261]

Mupashi[262]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Huttenlocker & Sidor

Late Permian

Madumabisa Mudstone Formation

  Zambia

A therocephalian related to Karenites. The type species is Mupashi migrator.

Rastodon[263]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Boos et al.

Permian (Guadalupian/Lopingian)

Rio do Rasto Formation

  Brazil

A dicynodont belonging to the group Bidentalia. The type species is R. procurvidens.

Santacruzgnathus[259]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Martinelli, Soares & Schwanke

Late Triassic (early Carnian)

Santa Maria Supersequence

  Brazil

A member of Probainognathia, probably closely related to prozostrodontians. The type species is S. abdalai.

Sauroscaptor[264]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Kammerer, Bandyopadhyay & Ray

Late Permian

Kundaram Formation

  India

A cistecephalid dicynodont. The type species is S. tharavati.

Vaughnictis[265]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Brocklehurst et al.

Permian (Asselian-Sakmarian)

Cutler Group

  United States
(  Colorado)

A member of Eothyrididae; a new genus for "Mycterosaurus" smithae Lewis & Vaughn (1965).

Wantulignathus[266]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Whitney & Sidor

Permian (Guadalupian)

Madumabisa Mudstone Formation

  Zambia

A biarmosuchian. The type species is Wantulignathus gwembensis.

MammalsEdit

Other animalsEdit

ResearchEdit

New taxaEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Acanthograptus lateralis[274]

Sp. nov

Valid

Chen in Chen et al.

Ordovician

  China

A graptolite.

Acoelia norica[275]

Sp. nov

Valid

Senowbari-Daryan & Link

Late Triassic (Norian)

  Turkey

A demosponge belonging to the group Agelasida.

Acrograptus tenuiculus[274]

Sp. nov

Valid

Chen in Chen et al.

Ordovician

  China

A graptolite.

Amblysiphonella aiyongcuoensis[276]

Sp. nov

Valid

Deng

Permian

  China

A sponge.

Annulitubus[277]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Vinn et al.

Devonian (late Emsian)

Ponta Grossa Formation

  Brazil

An annelid, possibly a polychaete. The type species is Annulitubus mutveii.

Antennipatus[278]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Garwood, Edgecombe & Giribet in Garwood et al.

Carboniferous (Stephanian)

Montceau-les-Mines Lagerstätte

  France

A velvet worm. The type species is A. montceauensis.

Apoglossograptus uniformis[274]

Sp. nov

Valid

Chen in Chen et al.

Ordovician

  China

A graptolite.

Archiasterella dhiraji[279]

Sp. nov

Valid

Gilbert, Hughes & Myrow

Cambrian

Parahio Formation

  India

Archiclimacograptus columnus[274]

Sp. nov

Valid

Chen in Chen et al.

Ordovician

  China

A graptolite.

Baltichaeta[280]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid[281]

Slater et al.

Cambrian (Stage 4)

File Haidar Formation

  Sweden

A member of the total group of Annelida. The type species is B. jormunganda.

Baltiscalida[280]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid[281]

Slater et al.

Cambrian (Stage 4)

File Haidar Formation

  Sweden

A member of the total group of Priapulida. The type species is B. njorda.

Bistella[282]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Fedorov in Fedorov, Parkhaev & Demidenko

Cambrian

  Russia

A heteractinid sponge belonging to the group Heteractinellida and the family Heterostellidae. The type species is B. inexplicabila.

Bohemograptus praecox[283]

Sp. nov

Valid

Štorch et al.

Silurian

  Czech Republic

A graptolite.

Bolidium bertii[284]

Sp. nov

Valid[285]

Frisone, Pisera & Preto

Eocene (early Lutetian)

  Italy

A sponge, a species of Bolidium.

Burejospermum punctatum[286]

Sp. nov

Valid

McLoughlin et al.

Early Eocene

La Meseta Formation

Antarctica
(Seymour Island)

A member of Clitellata of uncertain phylogenetic placement, described on the basis of fossilized cocoons; a species of Burejospermum.

Burejospermum seymourense[286]

Sp. nov

Valid

McLoughlin et al.

Early Eocene

La Meseta Formation

Antarctica
(Seymour Island)

A member of Clitellata of uncertain phylogenetic placement, described on the basis of fossilized cocoons; a species of Burejospermum.

Caelispongia[275]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Senowbari-Daryan & Link

Late Triassic (Norian)

Kasımlar Basin

  Turkey

A demosponge belonging to the group Agelasida and the family Stellispongiellidae. The type species is C. topukensis.

Camerospongia tuberculata[284]

Sp. nov

Valid[285]

Frisone, Pisera & Preto

Eocene (early Lutetian)

  Italy

A sponge, a species of Camerospongia.

Camerospongia visentinae[284]

Sp. nov

Valid[285]

Frisone, Pisera & Preto

Eocene (early Lutetian)

  Italy

A sponge, a species of Camerospongia.

Capsulocyathus petri[287]

Sp. nov

Valid

Sundukov & Zhuravlev

Cambrian

  Russia

A member of Archaeocyatha belonging to the family Cryptoporocyathidae.

Cavispongia scarpai[284]

Sp. nov

Valid[285]

Frisone, Pisera & Preto

Eocene (early Lutetian)

  Italy

A sponge, a species of Cavispongia.

Conotheca hensoni[288]

Sp. nov

Valid

Peel et al.

Cambrian

Henson Gletscher Formation

  Greenland

A member of Hyolitha belonging to the group Orthothecida.

Constellatispongia[289]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Botting & Peel

Early Cambrian

Buen Formation

  Greenland

A sponge. The type species is C. canismajorii.

Corallistes multiosculata[284]

Sp. nov

Valid[285]

Frisone, Pisera & Preto

Eocene (early Lutetian)

  Italy

A sponge, a species of Corallistes.

Cornulites vilcae[290]

Sp. nov

Valid

Vinn & Gutiérez-Marco

Late Ordovician (probably late Sandbian)

Probably Calapuja Formation

  Peru

A member of Cornulitida (a group of animals of uncertain phylogenetic placement, possibly molluscs), a species of Cornulites.

Cornulites zatoni[290]

Sp. nov

Valid

Vinn & Gutiérez-Marco

Late Ordovician (Sandbian)

Calapuja Formation

  Peru

A member of Cornulitida (a group of animals of uncertain phylogenetic placement, possibly molluscs), a species of Cornulites.

Coronispongia[284]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid[285]

Frisone, Pisera & Preto

Eocene (early Lutetian)

  Italy

A sponge. The type species is Coronispongia confossa.

Corynites nanus[274]

Sp. nov

Valid

Chen in Chen et al.

Ordovician

  China

A graptolite.

Crassicoactum[289]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Botting & Peel

Early Cambrian

Buen Formation

  Greenland

A sponge. The type species is C. cucumis.

Daharella triassica[275]

Sp. nov

Valid

Senowbari-Daryan & Link

Late Triassic (Norian)

Kasımlar Basin

  Turkey

A demosponge belonging to the group Agelasida and the family Auriculospongiidae.

Dicranograptus ramosus angustus[274]

Subsp. nov

Valid

Chen in Chen et al.

Ordovician

  China

A graptolite.

Eoglyptograptus asymmetros[274]

Sp. nov

Valid

Goldman & Zhang in Chen et al.

Ordovician

  China

A graptolite.

Eolipastrotethya[291]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid[292]

Łukowiak & Pisera

Late Eocene

Pallinup Formation

  Australia

A heteroscleromorph demosponge belonging to the group Bubarida. The type species is E. picketti.

Erismacoscinus lucanoi[293]

Sp. nov

Valid

Menéndez et al.

Cambrian Stage 3

Pedroche Formation

  Spain

A member of Archaeocyatha belonging to the family Asterocyathidae.

Esakovella[282]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Fedorov in Fedorov, Parkhaev & Demidenko

Cambrian

  Russia

A tommotiid belonging to the family Kelanellidae. The type species is E. grigorievae.

Fallocyathus accomodatus[287]

Sp. nov

Valid

Sundukov in Sundukov & Zhuravlev

Cambrian

  Russia

A member of Archaeocyatha belonging to the family Fallocyathidae.

Fallocyathus apheles[287]

Sp. nov

Valid

Sundukov in Sundukov & Zhuravlev

Cambrian

  Russia

A member of Archaeocyatha belonging to the family Fallocyathidae.

Geodia hopetouni[291]

Sp. nov

Valid[292]

Łukowiak & Pisera

Late Eocene

Pallinup Formation

  Australia

A heteroscleromorph demosponge belonging to the group Tetractinellida, a species of Geodia.

Haddingograptus cuneatus[274]

Sp. nov

Valid

Chen in Chen et al.

Ordovician

  China

A graptolite.

Haddingograptus flexibilis[274]

Sp. nov

Valid

Chen in Chen et al.

Ordovician

  China

A graptolite.

Haddingograptus tarimensis[274]

Sp. nov

Valid

Chen in Chen et al.

Ordovician

  China

A graptolite.

Hadimopanella incubo[294]

Sp. nov

Valid[295]

Streng, Ebbestad & Berg-Madsen

Cambrian

  Sweden

A palaeoscolecid worm.

Hadimopanella oelandiana[294]

Sp. nov

Valid[295]

Streng, Ebbestad & Berg-Madsen

Cambrian

  Sweden

A palaeoscolecid worm.

Hallograptus echinatus[274]

Sp. nov

Valid

Chen in Chen et al.

Ordovician

  China

A graptolite.

Hamptonia limatula[289]

Sp. nov

Valid

Botting & Peel

Early Cambrian

Buen Formation

  Greenland

A sponge.

Hexactinella clampensis[284]

Sp. nov

Valid[285]

Frisone, Pisera & Preto

Eocene (early Lutetian)

  Italy

A sponge, a species of Hexactinella.

?Hyalostelia spinula[282]

Sp. nov

Valid

Fedorov in Fedorov, Parkhaev & Demidenko

Cambrian

  Russia

A hexactinellid sponge belonging to the group Hexasterophora and the family Hyalostellidae.

Jiangxigraptus? delicatus[274]

Sp. nov

Valid

Chen in Chen et al.

Ordovician

  China

A graptolite.

Jiangxigraptus ultilis[274]

Sp. nov

Valid

Chen in Chen et al.

Ordovician

  China

A graptolite.

Kuonamia[296]

Nom. nov

Valid

Doweld

Cambrian Stage 4 to Guzhangian

Holm Dal Formation
Kuonamka Formation

  Greenland[297]
  Russia
(  Sakha Republic)

A sponge; a replacement name for Disparella Fedorov in Fedorov & Pereladov (1987).

Lenica perversa[289]

Sp. nov

Valid

Botting & Peel

Early Cambrian

Buen Formation

  Greenland

A sponge.

Lyrarapax trilobus[298]

Sp. nov

Valid

Cong et al.

Early Cambrian

  China

Milyasa[275]

Gen. et 2 sp. nov

Valid

Senowbari-Daryan & Link

Late Triassic (Norian)

Dereköy Basin

  Turkey

A demosponge belonging to the group Agelasida and the family Preperonidellidae. The type species is M. polysiphonata; genus also includes M. askomorpha.

Mimograptus tenuis[274]

Sp. nov

Valid

Chen in Chen et al.

Ordovician

  China

A graptolite.

Monocrepidium pauli[291]

Sp. nov

Valid[292]

Łukowiak & Pisera

Late Eocene

Pallinup Formation

  Australia

A heteroscleromorph demosponge belonging to the group Bubarida.

Monocrepidium unispiculatum[291]

Sp. nov

Valid[292]

Łukowiak & Pisera

Late Eocene

Pallinup Formation

  Australia

A heteroscleromorph demosponge belonging to the group Bubarida.

Nganki namak[299]

Sp. nov

Valid

Kruse & Hughes

Cambrian

Khussak Formation

  Pakistan

A member of Hyolitha (a group of animals of uncertain phylogenetic placement, possibly molluscs), a species of Nganki.

Obscurospongia[275]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Senowbari-Daryan & Link

Late Triassic (Norian)

Kasımlar Basin

  Turkey

An inozoid or chaetetid sponge. The type species is O. chaetetiformis

Oepikograptus originalis[274]

Sp. nov

Valid

Chen in Chen et al.

Ordovician

  China

A graptolite.

Orthograptus paracalcaratus[274]

Sp. nov

Valid

Chen in Chen et al.

Ordovician

  China

A graptolite.

Ottoia guizhouensis[300]

Sp. nov

Valid

Yang, Zhao & Zhang

Cambrian

Kaili Formation

  China

A stem-group priapulid, a species of Ottoia.

Pachastrella australis[291]

Sp. nov

Valid[292]

Łukowiak & Pisera

Late Eocene

Pallinup Formation

  Australia

A heteroscleromorph demosponge belonging to the group Tetractinellida.

Pachastrella intermedia[291]

Sp. nov

Valid[292]

Łukowiak & Pisera

Late Eocene

Pallinup Formation

  Australia

A heteroscleromorph demosponge belonging to the group Tetractinellida.

Palaeoscolex xinglongensis[301]

Sp. nov

Valid

Liu et al.

Cambrian

Wulongqing Formation

  China

A palaeoscolecid.

Palaeotubus[302]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Sanfilippo et al.

Permian

Pietra di Salomone limestone

  Italy

A polychaete, possibly a relative of serpulids. The type species is P. sosiensis.

Pegmatothylakos[286]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

McLoughlin et al.

Early Eocene

La Meseta Formation

Antarctica
(Seymour Island)

A member of Clitellata of uncertain phylogenetic placement, described on the basis of fossilized cocoons. The type species is Pegmatothylakos manumii.

Phycopsis arbusculum[291]

Sp. nov

Valid[292]

Łukowiak & Pisera

Late Eocene

Pallinup Formation

  Australia

A heteroscleromorph demosponge belonging to the group Axinellida.

Preperonidella asymmetrica[275]

Sp. nov

Valid

Senowbari-Daryan & Link

Late Triassic (Norian)

Kasımlar Basin

  Turkey

A demosponge belonging to the group Agelasida and the family Preperonidellidae.

Proclimacograptus angustatus ultimus[274]

Subsp. nov

Valid

Chen in Chen et al.

Ordovician

  China

A graptolite.

Pronormalograptus[274]

Gen. et 2 sp. et comb. nov

Valid

Chen in Chen et al.

Ordovician

  China
  United Kingdom

A graptolite. The type species is P. acicularis; genus also includes new species P. regularis, as well as P. euglyphus (Lapworth, 1880) and P. siccatus (Elles and Wood, 1907).

Pseudosardospongia[282]

Gen. et 2 sp. nov

Valid

Fedorov in Fedorov, Parkhaev & Demidenko

Cambrian

  Russia

A calcareous sponge belonging to the family Polyactinellidae. The type species is P. plana; genus also includes P. miriculata.

Rajatubulus[303]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Yang et al.

Early Cambrian

  Kazakhstan

A member of Cloudinidae; a new genus for "Pseudorthotheca" costata Mambetov in Missarzhevsky & Mambetov (1981).

Rankenella zhangxianensis[304]

Sp. nov

Valid

Lee, Woo & Lee

Cambrian

Zhangxia Formation

  China

A sponge belonging to the family Anthaspidellidae.

Ratcliffespongia freuchenensis[289]

Sp. nov

Valid

Botting & Peel

Early Cambrian

Buen Formation

  Greenland

A sponge.

Rigonia[284]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid[285]

Frisone, Pisera & Preto

Eocene (early Lutetian)

  Italy

A sponge. The type species is Rigonia plicata.

Rotundocyathus indistinctus[287]

Sp. nov

Valid

Sundukov in Sundukov & Zhuravlev

Cambrian

  Russia

A member of Archaeocyatha belonging to the family Ajacicyathidae.

Rugatotheca daibuica[303]

Sp. nov

Valid

Yang et al.

Early Cambrian

Daibu Member of the Xiaotan section

  China

A small shelly fossil of uncertain phylogenetic placement.

Saccoglossus testa[305]

Sp. nov

Valid

Cameron

Carboniferous (Pennsylvanian)

Mazon Creek fossil beds

  United States
(  Illinois)

An acorn worm belonging to the family Harrimaniidae, a species of Saccoglossus.

Saetaspongia procera[289]

Sp. nov

Valid

Botting & Peel

Early Cambrian

Buen Formation

  Greenland

A sponge.

Sanxiascolex[306]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Yang & Zhang

Cambrian

Shipai Formation

  China

A palaeoscolecid. The type species is P. papillogyrus.

Sardospongia gigantea[282]

Sp. nov

Valid

Fedorov in Fedorov, Parkhaev & Demidenko

Cambrian

  Russia

A calcareous sponge belonging to the family Polyactinellidae.

Sardospongia triplexa[282]

Sp. nov

Valid

Fedorov in Fedorov, Parkhaev & Demidenko

Cambrian

  Russia

A calcareous sponge belonging to the family Polyactinellidae.

Sarmentofascis zamparelliae[307]

Sp. nov

Valid

Schlagintweit, Frijia & Parente

Late Cretaceous (early Campanian)

  Italy

A sponge, a species of Sarmentofascis.

Semigothograptus[308]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Kozłowska

Silurian

  Czech Republic
  Germany
  Poland
  United Kingdom

A graptolite; a new genus for "Gothograptus" meganassa Rickards & Palmer (2002).

Sibirecyathus onkhoydokh[287]

Sp. nov

Valid

Sundukov & Zhuravlev

Cambrian

  Russia

A member of Archaeocyatha belonging to the family Ajacicyathidae.

Spathioconchus[309]

Gen. et sp. nov

Zatoń et al.

Early Triassic (Induan)

  Greenland

A member of Microconchida (a group of animals of uncertain phylogenetic placement, possibly molluscs). The type species is S. weedoni.

Spinuliconchus[310]

Gen. et et comb. sp. nov

Valid

Zatoń & Olempska

Devonian

  Poland
  United States

A member of Microconchida. The type species is "Spirorbis" angulatus Hall (1861); genus also includes new species S. biernatae.

Stauractinella eocenica[284]

Sp. nov

Valid[285]

Frisone, Pisera & Preto

Eocene (early Lutetian)

  Italy

A sponge, a species of Stauractinella.

Talacastospongia[311]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Carrera & Rustán

Devonian (Lochkovian)

Talacasto Formation

  Argentina

A hexactinellid sponge. The type species is Talacastospongia minima.

Tanchajella[282]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Fedorov in Fedorov, Parkhaev & Demidenko

Cambrian

  Russia

A hexactinellid sponge belonging to the group Amphidiscophora and the family Hyalonematidae. The type species is T. aculeata.

Taurispongia[275]

Gen. et 8 sp. nov

Valid

Senowbari-Daryan & Link

Late Triassic (Norian)

Dereköy Basin

  Turkey

A demosponge belonging to the group Agelasida and the family Stellispongiellidae. The type species is T. oligocanalis; genus also includes new species T. polycanalis, T. tenuis, T. lamellicanalis, T. fascifera, T. siderifera, T. lamellata and T. polyforma.

Tenuipariespongia taurica[275]

Sp. nov

Valid

Senowbari-Daryan & Link

Late Triassic (Norian)

Kasımlar Basin

  Turkey

A demosponge belonging to the group Agelasida.

Toulminia italica[284]

Sp. nov

Valid[285]

Frisone, Pisera & Preto

Eocene (early Lutetian)

  Italy

A sponge, a species of Toulminia.

Triptolemma solida[291]

Sp. nov

Valid[292]

Łukowiak & Pisera

Late Eocene

Pallinup Formation

  Australia

A heteroscleromorph demosponge belonging to the group Tetractinellida.

Tritonychus [312]

Gen. et sp. nov.

Valid

Zhang et al.

Early Cambrian

  China

A lobopodian. The type species is T. phanerosarkus.

Tuberoconchus[310]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Zatoń in Zatoń & Olempska

Silurian (Ludlow)

Kuressaare Formation

  Estonia
  Sweden

A member of Microconchida (a group of animals of uncertain phylogenetic placement, possibly molluscs). The type species is "Palaeoconchus" wilsoni Zatoń, Vinn & Toom (2016).[313]

Tulenicornus? frykmani[288]

Sp. nov

Valid

Peel et al.

Cambrian

Henson Gletscher Formation

  Greenland

A member of Hyolitha belonging to the group Hyolithida.

Tyanada[275]

Gen. et comb. et sp. nov

Valid

Senowbari-Daryan & Link

Late Triassic (Norian-Rhaetian)

  Australia
  Austria
  Iran
  Turkey

A demosponge belonging to the group Agelasida and the family Virgulidae. The type species is "Grossotubenella" variabilis Senowbari-Daryan (2005); genus also includes new species T. irregularis.

Unicornigraptus[274]

Gen. et 3 sp. nov

Valid

Chen & Goldman in Chen et al.

Ordovician

  China
  Sweden

A graptolite. Genus includes new species U. minimus Chen, U. scandinavicus Goldman and U. xinjiangensis Chen and Goldman.

Wildspongia? krystyni[275]

Sp. nov

Valid

Senowbari-Daryan & Link

Late Triassic (Norian)

Dereköy Basin

  Turkey

A demosponge belonging to the group Agelasida and the family Stellispongiellidae.

Wronascolex geyiensis[314]

Sp. nov

Valid

Peng et al.

Cambrian

  China

A palaeoscolecid worm, a species of Wronascolex.

Wronascolex? johanssoni[294]

Sp. nov

Valid[295]

Streng, Ebbestad & Berg-Madsen

Cambrian

  Sweden

A palaeoscolecid worm.

Wronascolex yichangensis[315]

Sp. nov

Valid

Yang & Zhang

Cambrian

  China

A palaeoscolecid worm, a species of Wronascolex.

Xiphograptus aksuensis[274]

Sp. nov

Valid

Chen in Chen et al.

Ordovician

  China

A graptolite.

Other organismsEdit

ResearchEdit

  • Probable stromatolites are described from the 3,700-Myr-old rocks from the Isua supracrustal belt (Greenland) by Nutman et al. (2016);[316] however, Allwood et al. (2018) subsequently argue that these putative stromatolites as more likely to be structures of non-biological origin.[317]
  • Exceptionally large, organic, smooth-walled, coccoidal microfossils are described from the 2.52 Ga Gamohaan Formation (South Africa) by Czaja, Beukes & Osterhout (2016), who interpret them as fossils of sulfur-oxidizing bacteria similar to members of the modern genus Thiomargarita.[318]
  • Macroscopic fossils up to 30 cm long and nearly 8 cm wide are described from the 1,56-billion-year-old Gaoyuzhuang Formation (Yanshan area, North China) by Zhu et al. (2016), who interpret them as probable fossils of benthic multicellular eukaryotes of size that is unprecedentedly large for eukaryotes older than the Ediacaran Period.[319]
  • Organic-walled microfossils (at least some of which are eukaryote fossils) with holes in the walls similar to those formed by predatory protists in the walls of their prey to consume the contents inside are described from the 780–740 million-year-old Chuar Group (Grand Canyon, Arizona, USA) by Porter (2016).[320]
  • Tubular microfossils showing similarities to modern coenocytic green and yellow-green algae are described from the ∼2.8 to 2.7 Ga lacustrine deposits in South Africa by Kaźmierczak et al. (2016).[321]
  • Soft-bodied discoidal specimens resembling Aspidella are described from the Ediacaran Cerro Negro Formation (Argentina) by Arrouy et al. (2016).[322]

New taxaEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Accordiella? tarburensis[323]

Sp. nov

Valid

Schlagintweit & Rashidi

Late Cretaceous (Maastrichtian)

Tarbur Formation

  Iran

A foraminifer belonging to the group Textulariida and the family Chrysalidinidae.

Acuasiphonoria[324]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Liu et al.

Ordovician

Tarim Basin

  China

A member of Cyanobacteria. The type species is Acuasiphonoria ordovica.

Adnatosphaeridium ivoriense[325]

Sp. nov

Valid

Awad & Oboh-Ikuenobe

Late Paleocene and early Eocene

Gulf of Guinea (Côte d'Ivoire-Ghana Transform Margin)
  Nigeria

A dinoflagellate belonging to the group Gonyaulacales.

Agathammina vachardi[326]

Sp. nov

Valid

Zhang in Zhang et al.

Permian

Xiala Formation

  China

A foraminifer belonging to the group Miliolata and the family Cornuspiridae.

Amsassia koreanensis[327]

Sp. nov

Valid

Lee et al.

Middle and Late Ordovician (Darriwilian-Katian)

Duwibong Formation
Xiazhen Formation

  China
  South Korea

An organism of uncertain phylogenetic placement, probably a calcareous alga.

Anchisolenopora[328]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Vachard et al.

Ordovician-Carboniferous

  China
  France
  Norway
  Sweden

A red alga, possibly related to the coralline algae. The type species is "Hedstroemia" serrana Vachard & Aretz (2004); genus also includes "Hedstroemia" nidarosiensis Høeg, 1932 emend. Roux, 1985, "Hedstroemia" koninckoporoides Vachard, 1988 and "Pseudosolenopora" owodenkoi sensu Mamet, 2002 non Chanton-Güvenç, 1972.

Annelaurea[329]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Harper et al.

Carboniferous (late Viséan)

  France

An oomycete. The type species is Annelaurea excornis.

Aulacoseira helianthus[330]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mohan & Stone in Mohan, Stone & Campisano

Pliocene

Hadar Formation

  Ethiopia

A diatom belonging to the group Aulacoseirales and the family Aulacoseiraceae.

Aulacoseira jewsonii[330]

Sp. nov

Valid

Mohan & Stone in Mohan, Stone & Campisano

Pliocene

Hadar Formation

  Ethiopia

A diatom belonging to the group Aulacoseirales and the family Aulacoseiraceae.

Baltinema[280]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid[281]

Slater et al.

Cambrian (Stage 4)

File Haidar Formation

  Sweden

A filamentous organism of uncertain phylogenetic placement. The type species is B. rana.

Barattolites andhuri[331]

Sp. nov

Valid

Gallardo-Garcia & Serra-Kiel in Serra-Kiel et al.

Eocene

Dammam Formation

  Oman
  Yemen

A foraminifer belonging to the group Globothalamea and the family Orbitolinidae.

Berkutaphycus[332]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Schopf, Sergeev & Kudryavtsev

Early Cambrian

Kyrshabakta Formation

  Kazakhstan

An organism of uncertain phylogenetic placement; might be related to hormogonian cyanobacteria or to eukaryotic green or chrysophyte algae. The type species is Berkutaphycus elongatus.

Bianchina[333]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Schiøler

Cretaceous (late Aptian–middle Cenomanian)

East Coast Basin

  New Zealand

A dinoflagellate. The type species is Bianchina hieroglyphica.

Bolivinides intermedius[334]

Sp. nov

Valid

Dubicka & Peryt

Late Cretaceous (CampanianMaastrichtian)

  Poland
  Ukraine

A foraminifer belonging to the group Rotaliina and the family Bolivinoididae.

Braarudosphaera insecta[335]

Sp. nov

Valid

Bown

Late Paleocene

  Tanzania

A haptophyte belonging to the family Braarudosphaeraceae.

Braarudosphaera wendleriae[336]

Sp. nov

Valid

Lees & Bown

Late Cretaceous (Turonian)

  Tanzania

A haptophyte belonging to the family Braarudosphaeraceae.

Bramletteius cultellus[335]

Sp. nov

Valid

Bown

Paleocene (Selandian)

  Tanzania

A haptophyte belonging to the order Coccolithales and the family Coccolithaceae.

Broccoliforma[337]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Mason & Narbonne

Ediacaran

  Canada
(  Newfoundland and Labrador)

A flabellate, lobate frond with at least superficial similarities to the ivesheadiomorph Blackbrookia. The type species is B. alta.

Bulbobaculites felixi[338]

Sp. nov

Valid

Pleş, Bucur & Săsăran

Early Cretaceous (late Aptian)

  Romania

A lituolid foraminifer.

Caelatimurus[339]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Riedman & Porter

Mesoproterozoic and Neoproterozoic

Alinya Formation
Chuar Group
Muhos Formation
Roper Group

  Australia
  Finland
  United States

An acritarch. Genus includes new species C. foveolatus.

Chinggiskhaania[340]

Gen. et sp. nov

Dornbos et al.

Ediacaran

Zuun-Arts Formation

  Mongolia

A multicellular benthic alga of uncertain phylogenetic placement. The type species is Chinggiskhaania bifurcata.

Clypeorbis? ultima[341]

Sp. nov

Valid

Schlagintweit, Studeny & Sanders

Late Cretaceous (Maastrichtian)

Kambühel Formation

  Austria

A foraminifer, possibly a member of Clypeorbinae.

Coccolithus subcirculus[335]

Sp. nov

Valid

Bown

Paleocene (Selandian)

  Tanzania

A haptophyte, a species of Coccolithus.

Cretaciclavulina<