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The 200 metres at the Summer Olympics has been contested since the second edition of the multi-sport event. The men's 200 m has been present on the Olympic athletics programme since 1900 and the women's 200 m has been held continuously since its introduction at the 1948 Games. It is the most prestigious 200 m race at elite level. The competition format typically has three or four qualifying rounds leading to a final race between eight athletes.

200 metres
at the Olympic Games
Bolt200.jpg
The 2008 Olympic men's 200 m final
Overview
SportAthletics
GenderMen and women
Years heldMen: 19002016
Women: 19482016
Olympic record
Men19.30 Usain Bolt (2008)
Women21.34 Florence Griffith-Joyner (1988)
Reigning champion
Men Usain Bolt (JAM)
Women Elaine Thompson (JAM)

The Olympic records for the distance are 19.30 seconds for men, set by Usain Bolt in 2008, and 21.34 seconds set by Florence Griffith-Joyner in 1988. The men's world record was set at the Olympics in 1956, 1960 (twice), 1968, 1996 (twice) and 2008.[1] The women's world record has similarly been linked to the competition, with records coming at the Olympic Games in 1952 (twice), 1956, 1968, 1972 and 1988 (twice). Griffith-Joyner's 1988 Olympic mark remains the world record for the distance, while Bolt's Olympic record is the third fastest of all-time.[2]

Only three athletes have won the title more than once. Bärbel Wöckel of East Germany became the first to defend the title in 1980 and Veronica Campbell-Brown repeated that feat in 2008. Usain Bolt was the first person to win two Olympic 200 m gold medals at the 2012 Summer Olympics, and at the 2016 Summer Olympics he defended his title to win his third Olympic 200 m gold medal. Merlene Ottey is the most decorated athlete, having won four medals in the event (though none of them gold). Allyson Felix has won three medals, as has Poland's Irena Szewińska. Reflecting how sprint athletes often compete over various distances, many of the medalists in the Olympic 200 metres have had success in the Olympic 100 metres and 4×100 metres relay as well.

The United States has had by far the most success in the event, having 23 gold medals and 57 medals in total. American men have completed a medal sweep on six occasions. Jamaica is the next most successful, with five gold among their seventeen medals, and became the second nation to sweep the men's medals in 2012.

The 1968 medal podium ceremony for the men's 200 metres witnessed a prominent political protest in the form of a Black Power salute by the African-American medalists Tommie Smith and John Carlos. The third medalist, Peter Norman of Australia, wore a badge for the Olympic Project for Human Rights in solidarity.

Contents

Medal summaryEdit

MenEdit

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1900 Paris
details
Walter Tewksbury
  United States
Norman Pritchard
  India
Stan Rowley
  Australia
1904 St. Louis
details
Archie Hahn
  United States
Nate Cartmell
  United States
William Hogenson
  United States
1908 London
details
Robert Kerr
  Canada
Robert Cloughen
  United States
Nate Cartmell
  United States
1912 Stockholm
details
Ralph Craig
  United States
Donald Lippincott
  United States
Willie Applegarth
  Great Britain
1920 Antwerp
details
Allen Woodring
  United States
Charley Paddock
  United States
Harry Edward
  Great Britain
1924 Paris
details
Jackson Scholz
  United States
Charley Paddock
  United States
Eric Liddell
  Great Britain
1928 Amsterdam
details
Percy Williams
  Canada
Walter Rangeley
  Great Britain
Helmut Körnig
  Germany
1932 Los Angeles
details
Eddie Tolan
  United States
George Simpson
  United States
Ralph Metcalfe
  United States
1936 Berlin
details
Jesse Owens
  United States
Mack Robinson
  United States
Tinus Osendarp
  Netherlands
1948 London
details
Mel Patton
  United States
Barney Ewell
  United States
Lloyd LaBeach
  Panama
1952 Helsinki
details
Andy Stanfield
  United States
Thane Baker
  United States
James Gathers
  United States
1956 Melbourne
details
Bobby Morrow
  United States
Andy Stanfield
  United States
Thane Baker
  United States
1960 Rome
details
Livio Berruti
  Italy
Lester Carney
  United States
Abdoulaye Seye
  France
1964 Tokyo
details
Henry Carr
  United States
Paul Drayton
  United States
Edwin Roberts
  Trinidad and Tobago
1968 Mexico City
details
Tommie Smith
  United States
Peter Norman
  Australia
John Carlos
  United States
1972 Munich
details
Valeriy Borzov
  Soviet Union
Larry Black
  United States
Pietro Mennea
  Italy
1976 Montreal
details
Don Quarrie
  Jamaica
Millard Hampton
  United States
Dwayne Evans
  United States
1980 Moscow
details
Pietro Mennea
  Italy
Allan Wells
  Great Britain
Don Quarrie
  Jamaica
1984 Los Angeles
details
Carl Lewis
  United States
Kirk Baptiste
  United States
Thomas Jefferson
  United States
1988 Seoul
details
Joe DeLoach
  United States
Carl Lewis
  United States
Robson da Silva
  Brazil
1992 Barcelona
details
Michael Marsh
  United States
Frankie Fredericks
  Namibia
Michael Bates
  United States
1996 Atlanta
details
Michael Johnson
  United States
Frankie Fredericks
  Namibia
Ato Boldon
  Trinidad and Tobago
2000 Sydney
details
Konstantinos Kenteris
  Greece
Darren Campbell
  Great Britain
Ato Boldon
  Trinidad and Tobago
2004 Athens
details
Shawn Crawford
  United States
Bernard Williams
  United States
Justin Gatlin
  United States
2008 Beijing
details
Usain Bolt
  Jamaica
Shawn Crawford
  United States
Walter Dix
  United States
2012 London
details
Usain Bolt
  Jamaica
Yohan Blake
  Jamaica
Warren Weir
  Jamaica
2016 Rio
details
Usain Bolt
  Jamaica
Andre De Grasse
  Canada
Christophe Lemaitre
  France

Multiple medalistsEdit

Rank Athlete Nation Olympics Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Usain Bolt   Jamaica (JAM) 2008–2016 3 0 0 3
2 Andy Stanfield   United States (USA) 1952–1956 1 1 0 2
Carl Lewis   United States (USA) 1984–1988 1 1 0 2
Shawn Crawford   United States (USA) 2004–2008 1 1 0 2
5 Pietro Mennea   Italy (ITA) 1976–1980 1 0 1 2
Don Quarrie   Jamaica (JAM) 1972–1980 1 0 1 2
7 Charlie Paddock   United States (USA) 1920–1924 0 2 0 2
Frankie Fredericks   Namibia (NAM) 1992–1996 0 2 0 2
9 Nate Cartmell   United States (USA) 1904–1908 0 1 1 2
Thane Baker   United States (USA) 1952–1956 0 1 1 2
11 Ato Boldon   Trinidad and Tobago (TRI) 1996–2000 0 0 2 2

Medals by countryEdit

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1   United States (USA) 17 18 11 46
2   Jamaica (JAM) 4 1 2 7
3   Italy (ITA) 2 0 1 3
4   Canada (CAN) 2 1 0 3
5   Greece (GRE) 1 0 0 1
  Soviet Union (URS) 1 0 0 1
7   Great Britain (GBR) 0 3 3 6
8   Namibia (NAM) 0 2 0 2
9   Australia (AUS) 0 1 1 2
10   India (IND) 0 1 0 1
11   Trinidad and Tobago (TRI) 0 0 3 3
12   France (FRA) 0 0 2 2
13   Brazil (BRA) 0 0 1 1
  Germany (GER) 0 0 1 1
  Netherlands (NED) 0 0 1 1
  Panama (PAN) 0 0 1 1

WomenEdit

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1948 London
details
Fanny Blankers-Koen
  Netherlands
Audrey Williamson
  Great Britain
Audrey Patterson
  United States
1952 Helsinki
details
Marjorie Jackson
  Australia
Bertha Brouwer
  Netherlands
Nadezhda Khnykina-Dvalishvili
  Soviet Union
1956 Melbourne
details
Betty Cuthbert
  Australia
Christa Stubnick
  United Team of Germany
Marlene Mathews
  Australia
1960 Rome
details
Wilma Rudolph
  United States
Jutta Heine
  United Team of Germany
Dorothy Hyman
  Great Britain
1964 Tokyo
details
Edith McGuire
  United States
Irena Kirszenstein
  Poland
Marilyn Black
  Australia
1968 Mexico City
details
Irena Szewińska
  Poland
Raelene Boyle
  Australia
Jenny Lamy
  Australia
1972 Munich
details
Renate Stecher
  East Germany
Raelene Boyle
  Australia
Irena Szewińska
  Poland
1976 Montreal
details
Bärbel Eckert
  East Germany
Annegret Richter
  West Germany
Renate Stecher
  East Germany
1980 Moscow
details
Bärbel Wöckel
  East Germany
Natalya Bochina
  Soviet Union
Merlene Ottey
  Jamaica
1984 Los Angeles
details
Valerie Brisco-Hooks
  United States
Florence Griffith
  United States
Merlene Ottey
  Jamaica
1988 Seoul
details
Florence Griffith-Joyner
  United States
Grace Jackson
  Jamaica
Heike Drechsler
  East Germany
1992 Barcelona
details
Gwen Torrence
  United States
Juliet Cuthbert
  Jamaica
Merlene Ottey
  Jamaica
1996 Atlanta
details
Marie-José Pérec
  France
Merlene Ottey
  Jamaica
Mary Onyali
  Nigeria
2000 Sydney
details
Pauline Davis-Thompson
  Bahamas
Susanthika Jayasinghe
  Sri Lanka
Beverly McDonald
  Jamaica
2004 Athens
details
Veronica Campbell
  Jamaica
Allyson Felix
  United States
Debbie Ferguson
  Bahamas
2008 Beijing
details
Veronica Campbell-Brown
  Jamaica
Allyson Felix
  United States
Kerron Stewart
  Jamaica
2012 London
details
Allyson Felix
  United States
Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce
  Jamaica
Carmelita Jeter
  United States
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Elaine Thompson
  Jamaica
Dafne Schippers
  Netherlands
Tori Bowie
  United States

Multiple medalistsEdit

Rank Athlete Nation Olympics Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Bärbel Wöckel   East Germany (GDR) 1976–1980 2 0 0 2
Veronica Campbell-Brown   Jamaica (JAM) 2004–2008 2 0 0 2
3 Allyson Felix   United States (USA) 2004–2012 1 2 0 3
4 Irena Szewińska   Poland (POL) 1964–1972 1 1 1 3
5 Florence Griffith   United States (USA) 1984–1988 1 1 0 2
6 Renate Stecher   East Germany (GDR) 1972–1976 1 0 1 2
7 Raelene Boyle   Australia (AUS) 1968–1972 0 2 0 2
8 Merlene Ottey   Jamaica (JAM) 1980–1996 0 1 3 4

Medalists by countryEdit

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1   United States (USA) 6 3 3 12
2   Jamaica (JAM) 3 4 5 12
3   East Germany (GDR) 3 0 2 5
4   Australia (AUS) 2 2 3 7
5   Netherlands (NED) 1 2 0 3
6   Poland (POL) 1 1 1 3
7   Bahamas (BAH) 1 0 1 2
8   France (FRA) 1 0 0 1
9   United Team of Germany (EUA) 0 2 0 2
10   Great Britain (GBR) 0 1 1 2
  Soviet Union (URS) 0 1 1 2
12   West Germany (FRG) 0 1 0 1
  Sri Lanka (SRI) 0 1 0 1
14   Nigeria (NGR) 0 0 1 1

Olympic record progressionEdit

MenEdit

Time Athlete Nation Games Round Date
24.0* Bill Holland   United States (USA) 1900 Heat 1
22.2 Walter Tewksbury   United States (USA) 1900 Final
22.2 Archie Hahn   United States (USA) 1904 Heat 1
21.6 Archie Hahn   United States (USA) 1904 Final
21.6 Jackson Scholz   United States (USA) 1924 Final
21.6 Helmut Körnig   Germany (GER) 1928 Quarterfinal 6
21.5 Ralph Metcalfe   United States (USA) 1932 Quarterfinal 1
21.5 Eddie Tolan   United States (USA) 1932 Quarterfinal 2
21.5 Carlos Bianchi   Argentina (ARG) 1932 Quarterfinal 3
21.5 Arthur Jonath   Germany (GER) 1932 Quarterfinal 4
21.2 Eddie Tolan   United States (USA) 1932 Final
21.1 Jesse Owens   United States (USA) 1936 Heat 3
20.7 WR Jesse Owens   United States (USA) 1936 Final
20.7 Andy Stanfield   United States (USA) 1952 Final
20.6 WR Bobby Morrow   United States (USA) 1956 Final
20.5 WR Livio Berruti   Italy (ITA) 1960 Semifinal 2
20.5 WR Livio Berruti   Italy (ITA) 1960 Final
20.5 Paul Drayton   United States (USA) 1964 Semifinal 1
20.3 Henry Carr   United States (USA) 1964 Final
20.37 Tommie Smith   United States (USA) 1968 Heat 2
20.23 Peter Norman   Australia (AUS) 1968 Heat 6
20.12 John Carlos   United States (USA) 1968 Semifinal 1
19.83 WR Tommie Smith   United States (USA) 1968 Final
19.80 Carl Lewis   United States (USA) 1984 Final
19.75 Joe DeLoach   United States (USA) 1988 Final
19.73 Mike Marsh   United States (USA) 1992 Semifinal 1
19.32 WR Michael Johnson   United States (USA) 1996 Final
19.30 WR Usain Bolt   Jamaica (JAM) 2008 Final

WomenEdit

Time Athlete Nation Games Round Date
25.7 Fanny Blankers-Koen   Netherlands (NED) 1948 Heat 1
25.6 Cynthia Thompson   Jamaica (JAM) 1948 Heat 2
25.3 Daphne Hasenjäger   South Africa (RSA) 1948 Heat 4
24.3 Fanny Blankers-Koen   Netherlands (NED) 1948 Semifinal 1
24.3 Nadezhda Khnykina   Soviet Union (URS) 1952 Heat 2
23.6 WR Marjorie Jackson   Australia (AUS) 1952 Heat 3
23.4 WR Marjorie Jackson   Australia (AUS) 1952 Semifinal 1
23.4 Betty Cuthbert   Australia (AUS) 1956 Final
23.2 Wilma Rudolph   United States (USA) 1960 Heat 3
23.0 Edith McGuire   United States (USA) 1964 Final
23.09 Raelene Boyle   Australia (AUS) 1968 Heat 2
22.94 Barbara Ferrell   United States (USA) 1968 Heat 3
22.87 Barbara Ferrell   United States (USA) 1968 Semifinal 2
22.58 Irena Szewińska   Poland (POL) 1968 Final
22.40 WR Renate Stecher   East Germany (GDR) 1972 Final
22.37 Barbel Eckert   East Germany (GDR) 1976 Final
22.26 Natalya Bochina   Soviet Union (URS) 1980 Quarterfinal 3
22.03 Barbel Eckert   East Germany (GDR) 1980 Final
21.81 Valerie Brisco-Hooks   United States (USA) 1984 Final
21.76 Florence Griffith Joyner   United States (USA) 1988 Quarterfinal 1
21.56 WR Florence Griffith Joyner   United States (USA) 1988 Semifinal 1
21.34 WR Florence Griffith Joyner   United States (USA) 1988 Final

Non-canonical Olympic eventsEdit

In addition to the main 1900 Olympic men's 200 metres, a 220-yard dash handicap race was also held. The winner was J. McGann for the United States, who ran an estimated 22.8 seconds with a ten-yard start. Frank Lukeman of Canada was second, also with a ten-yard handicap, and American C. Turner was third with a two-yard handicap.[3]

This event is no longer considered part of the official Olympic history of the 200 metres or the athletics programme in general. Consequently, medals from this competition have not been assigned to nations on the all-time medal tables.[3]

ReferencesEdit

Participation and athlete data
Olympic record progressions
Specific
  1. ^ "12th IAAF World Championships In Athletics: IAAF Statistics Handbook. Berlin 2009" (PDF). Monte Carlo: IAAF Media & Public Relations Department. 2009. pp. Pages 546, 547. Archived from the original (pdf) on June 29, 2011. Retrieved August 2, 2009.
  2. ^ 200 Metres - men - senior - outdoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-05-24.
  3. ^ a b Handicap Olympic Athletics Events. GBR Athletics. Retrieved on 2014-04-18.

External linksEdit