Athletics at the 1908 Summer Olympics – Men's 200 metres

The men's 200 metre race was held for the third time at the 1908 Summer Olympics in London. The competition was held from 21 to 23 July 1908. NOCs could enter up to 12 athletes.[1] 43 sprinters from 15 nations competed.

Men's 200 metres
at the Games of the IV Olympiad
VenueWhite City Stadium
Dates21 July (quarterfinals)
22 July (semifinals)
23 July (final)
Competitors43 from 15 nations
Medalists
1st place, gold medalist(s) Robert Kerr  Canada
2nd place, silver medalist(s) Robert Cloughen  United States
3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Nate Cartmell  United States
← 1904
1912 →

RecordsEdit

These were the standing world and Olympic records (in seconds) prior to the 1908 Summer Olympics.

World Record 21.4(*)   Jim Maybury Chicago (USA) 5 June 1897
Olympic Record 21.6(**)   Archie Hahn St. Louis (USA) 31 August 1904

(*) unofficial 220 yards (= 201.17 m)

(**) straight course

ResultsEdit

HeatsEdit

The winner of each heat advanced, with all others eliminated. Heats were held on 21 July 1908.

Heat 1

George led by ten yards when he crossed the finish line.

Place Name Nation Time
1 John George   Great Britain 23.4 seconds
2 Victor Henny   Netherlands (24.6 seconds)

Heat 2

In a tight race, Huff barely beat Duffy, crossing the line with a lead of less than two yards.

Place Name Nation Time
1 Harold Huff   United States 22.8 seconds
2 Edward Duffy   South Africa (23.2 seconds)
3 Henk van der Wal   Netherlands Unknown
4 Knut Stenborg   Sweden Unknown

Heat 3

Roche won by a mere yard.

Place Name Nation Time
1 Patrick Roche   Great Britain 22.8 seconds
2 Lawson Robertson   United States (23.0 seconds)
3 Frank Lukeman   Canada Unknown
4 Evert Koops   Netherlands Unknown

Heat 4

Cartmell won by about two yards.

Place Name Nation Time
1 Nate Cartmell   United States 23.0 seconds
2 Vilmos Rácz   Hungary (23.3 seconds)
3 Ragnar Stenberg   Finland Unknown

Heat 5

Malfait had about a four-yard lead when he finished.

Place Name Nation Time
1 Georges Malfait   France 22.6 seconds
2 Robert Duncan   Great Britain (23.1 seconds)

Heat 6

Laaftman won by two yards.

Place Name Nation Time
1 Sven Låftman   Sweden 23.8 seconds
2 Frigyes Wiesner   Hungary (24.0 seconds)
3 Ernst Greven   Netherlands Unknown

Heat 7

There was no competition for Radóczy in the seventh heat.

Place Name Nation Time
1 Károly Radóczy   Hungary walkover

Heat 8

Cloughen had a comfortable six-yard lead when he crossed the finish line.

Place Name Nation Time
1 Robert Cloughen   United States 23.4 seconds
2 Umberto Barrozzi   Italy (24.1 seconds)

Heat 9

Hurdsfield led by a yard and a half at the finish.

Place Name Nation Time
1 Samuel Hurdsfield   Great Britain 23.6 seconds
2 Mikhail Paskalides   Greece (24.0 seconds)

Heat 10

Hamilton's margin of victory was three yards.

Place Name Nation Time
1 William Hamilton   United States 22.4 seconds
2 Louis Sebert   Canada (22.8 seconds)
3 Henry Pankhurst   Great Britain Unknown
4 Pál Simon   Hungary Unknown
5 Fernand Halbart   Belgium Unknown

Heat 11

Kerr's victory was by about three yards.

Place Name Nation Time
1 Robert Kerr   Canada 22.2 seconds
2 William W. May   United States (22.7 seconds)
3 James P. Stark   Great Britain Unknown
4 Knut Lindberg   Sweden Unknown
5 Emilio Brambilla   Italy Unknown

Heat 12

Sherman led by two yards when he finished.

Place Name Nation Time
1 Nathaniel Sherman   United States 22.8 seconds
2 John W. Morton   Great Britain (23.1 seconds)
3 Eduard Schönecker   Austria Unknown
4 Cornelis den Held   Netherlands Unknown

Heat 13

Reed won by two and a half yards.

Place Name Nation Time
1 Lionel Reed   Great Britain 23.2 seconds
2 Arthur Hoffmann   Germany (23.5 seconds)

Heat 14

Guttormsen was the second runner to win without competition.

Place Name Nation Time
1 Oscar Guttormsen   Norway walkover

Heat 15

The race was extremely tight until the final straightaway, where Hawkins pulled away to win.

Place Name Nation Time
1 George Hawkins   Great Britain 22.8 seconds
2 Henri Meslot   France (23.2 seconds)
3 Jacobus Hoogveld   Netherlands Unknown

SemifinalsEdit

The semifinal round was held on 22 July 1908, a day after the heats. The winners of each semifinal advanced to the final, with the other runners being knocked out of competition.

Semifinal 1

The first semifinal featured both of the runners who had won via walkover in the heats. There was very little room separating the lead three runners, with Kerr about nine inches in front of Hamilton and twelve ahead of Radoczy.

Place Name Nation Time
1 Robert Kerr   Canada 22.6 seconds
2 William Hamilton   United States (22.7 seconds)
3 Károly Radóczy   Hungary (22.8 seconds)
4 Oscar Guttormsen   Norway Unknown

Semifinal 2

This all-American heat was also close, but not as close as the first. Cartmell won by about five feet.

Place Name Nation Time
1 Nate Cartmell   United States 22.6 seconds
2 Nathaniel Sherman   United States (22.9 seconds)
3 Harold Huff   United States (23.0 seconds)

Semifinal 3

Cloughen finally pulled ahead of Reed three-quarters of the way into the race, holding onto the lead until the finish.

Place Name Nation Time
1 Robert Cloughen   United States 22.6 seconds
2 Lionel Reed   Great Britain (22.8 seconds)
3 John George   Great Britain Unknown
4 Samuel Hurdsfield   Great Britain Unknown

Semifinal 4

Låftman was forced to scratch due to an injury. The three runners broke apart in the last ten metres, with Hawkins winning by a foot.

Place Name Nation Time
1 George Hawkins   Great Britain 22.6 seconds
2 Patrick Roche   Great Britain (22.6 seconds)
3 Georges Malfait   France Unknown
Sven Låftman   Sweden Did not start

FinalEdit

 
Kerr winning the final.

The final was held on 23 July 1908. The top three were within two feet of each other, as Kerr's early lead evaporated in the straight. He was able to hang onto nine inches, however, and defeated Cloughen by that small margin.

Rank Athlete Nation Time
  Robert Kerr   Canada 22.6 seconds
  Robert Cloughen   United States (22.6 seconds)
  Nate Cartmell   United States (22.7 seconds)
4 George Hawkins   Great Britain (22.9 seconds)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Official report, p. 32.
  • Cook, Theodore Andrea (1908). The Fourth Olympiad, Being the Official Report. London: British Olympic Association.
  • De Wael, Herman (2001). "Athletics 1908". Herman's Full Olympians. Retrieved 23 July 2006.
  • Wudarski, Pawel (1999). "Wyniki Igrzysk Olimpijskich" (in Polish). Archived from the original on 14 June 2006. Retrieved 23 July 2006.