List of castra in Romania

This is a list of Roman castra in Romania. They were built by the Roman army following the conquests of Moesia, Scythia Minor and Dacia, parts of which are now found in the territory of modern Romania. The Latin word castra, with its singular castrum, was used by the ancient Romans to mean buildings or plots of land reserved to or constructed for use as a military defensive position. Many of these castra were part of various limes (a border defense or delimiting system).

Porta Praetoria at Porolissum, Roman Dacia (modern Romania)

The castra not yet identified, have the name of the modern location in italics and parenthesis (i.e. (Pietroasele)), while major ones are in bold (i.e. Porolissum).

Picture Name Modern City Limes Area (ha) Founded Abandoned Administrative Unit Modern Province County
Abruttus Abrud 0.2 Dacia Apulensis Transylvania Alba
Acidava Enoşeşti Dacia Malvensis Oltenia Olt
Ad Pannonios Teregova 1.4 Dacia Apulensis Banat Caraş-Severin
Aizis Fârliug Dacia Apulensis Banat Caraş-Severin
Altenum Oltina Moesiarum 2 Moesia Inferior Dobrudja Constanţa
Amutria (Ad Mutriam) Cătunele 1.7 Dacia Malvensis Oltenia Gorj
Angustia Brețcu Porolissensis? 2.5 Dacia Apulensis Transylvania Covasna
Image of Porta Principalis Dextra at castra Apulum, Roman Dacia (modern Romania) Apulum Alba Iulia 16 Dacia Apulensis Transylvania Alba
Arcidava Vărădia 2.6 106 Dacia Apulensis Banat Caraş-Severin
Ruins of ancient Arrubium Arrubium Macin Moesiarum Moesia Inferior Dobrudja Tulcea
Image of castra Arutela, Roman Dacia (modern Romania) Arutela Căciulata Alutanus 138 Dacia Malvensis Oltenia Vâlcea
Bacaucis Foeni Dacia Apulensis Banat Timiș
Bersobis Berzovia 20 Dacia Apulensis Banat Caraş-Severin
Ruins of castra Buridava Buridava Râmnicu Vâlcea Alutanus Dacia Malvensis Oltenia Vâlcea
Image of castra Capidava, Moesia (modern Romania) Capidava Capidava Moesiarum 1.33 Moesia Inferior Dobrudja Constanţa
Caput Bubali Delineşti Dacia Apulensis Banat Caraş-Severin
Caput Stenarum Boiţa Alutanus 0.2 Dacia Apulensis Transylvania Sibiu
Carsium Hârşova Moesiarum Moesia Inferior Dobrudja Constanţa
Castra Traiana Dăeşti Alutanus Dacia Malvensis Oltenia Vâlcea
Castranova Castranova Dacia Malvensis Oltenia Dolj
Castrum Stenarum Sighişoara 2.4 Dacia Apulensis Transylvania Mureş
Cedonia Sibiu Dacia Apulensis Transylvania Sibiu
Centum Putei Surducu Mare 1.7 Dacia Apulensis Banat Caraş-Severin
Certinae Romita Porolissensis 4.25 Dacia Porolissensis Transylvania Sălaj
Cumidava Râşnov Transalutanus 1.2 Dacia Apulensis Transylvania Braşov
Dierna Orşova Moesiarum 0.35 Dacia Malvensis Oltenia Mehedinţi
Image of castra Dinogetia, Moesia (modern Romania) Dinogetia Garvăn Moesiarum Moesia Inferior Dobrudja Tulcea
Image of castra Drobeta, Roman Dacia (modern Romania) Drobeta Drobeta Turnu Severin Moesiarum 1.6 103 Dacia Malvensis Oltenia Mehedinţi
Image of castra Germisara, Roman Dacia (modern Romania) Germisara Geoagiu Dacia Apulensis Transylvania Hunedoara
(Jidava) Schitu Goleşti 1.3 Dacia Malvensis Muntenia Argeş|-
Largina Românaşi Porolissensis 2 Dacia Porolissensis Transylvania Sălaj
Media Mediaş Dacia Apulensis Transylvania Sibiu
Micia Veţel Dacia Apulensis Transylvania Hunedoara
Morisena Sânnicolau Mare Marisiensis Dacia Apulensis Banat Timiș
Ruins of ancient Napoca Napoca Cluj-Napoca 106 Dacia Porolissensis Transylvania Cluj
Noviodunum Isaccea Moesiarum Moesia Inferior Dobrudja Tulcea
Optatiana Sutoru Porolissensis Dacia Porolissensis Transylvania Sălaj
Pelendava Craiova Dacia Malvensis Oltenia Dolj
Image of a Thasos amphora from Piroboridava, Moesia (modern Romania) Piroboridava Poiana Moesia Inferior? Moldova Galaţi
Pons Aluti Ioneşti Alutanus Dacia Malvensis Oltenia Vâlcea
Pons Augusti Voislova 0.17 Dacia Apulensis Banat Caraş-Severin
Pons Vetus Câineni Alutanus Dacia Malvensis Oltenia Vâlcea
Image of Porta Praetoria at castra Porolissum, Roman Dacia (modern Romania) Porolissum Moigrad-Porolissum Porolissensis 6.9 106 Dacia Porolissensis Transylvania Sălaj
Image of castra Potaissa, Roman Dacia (modern Romania) Potaissa Turda 23.37 107 Dacia Porolissensis Transylvania Cluj
Praetorium Mehadia 1.6 Dacia Apulensis Banat Caraş-Severin
Praetorium Copăceni Alutanus Dacia Malvensis Oltenia Vâlcea
Resculum Bologa Porolissensis 2.6 Dacia Porolissensis Transylvania Cluj
Romula Reşca Dacia Malvensis Oltenia Olt
Image of medieval castle from Rupea, build on top of castra Rupes, Roman Dacia (modern Romania) Rupes Rupea Porolissensis? Dacia Apulensis Transylvania Braşov
Rusidava Drăgăşani Alutanus Dacia Malvensis Oltenia Vâlcea
Sacidava Rasova Moesiarum Moesia Inferior Dobrudja Constanţa
Samum Căşeiu Porolissensis 2.7 106 Dacia Porolissensis Transylvania Cluj
Image of Sucidava, Roman Dacia (modern Romania) Sucidava Corabia Moesiarum Dacia Malvensis Oltenia Olt
Temesiensis Timișoara Dacia Apulensis Banat Timiș
Tibiscum Jupa 5.4 Dacia Apulensis Banat Caraş-Severin
Image of castra Troesmis, Moesia (modern Romania) Troesmis Turcoaia Moesiarum Moesia Inferior Dobrudja Tulcea
Ulmetum Pantelimon Moesia Inferior Dobrudja Constanţa
Image of Ulpia Traiana Sarmizegetusa, Roman Dacia (modern Romania) Ulpia Traiana Sarmizegetusa Sarmizegetusa Dacia Apulensis Transylvania Hunedoara
(Albești) Albești Dacia Malvensis Oltenia Olt
(Albota) Albota Transalutanus 0.4 Dacia Malvensis Muntenia Argeș
(Apoldu de Jos) Apoldu de Jos Dacia Apulensis Transylvania Sibiu
(Arad) Lipova Marisiensis Dacia Apulensis Banat Arad
(Basarabi-Murfatlar) Basarabi Moesia Inferior Dobrudja Constanța
(Băneasa) Băneasa Transalutanus 2.2 Dacia Malvensis Muntenia Teleorman
(Bănița) Bănița 7.4 Dacia Apulensis Transylvania Hunedoara
(Boroșneu Mare) Boroșneu Mare Porolissensis? 2.57 Dacia Apulensis Transylvania Covasna
(Brașov – Șprenghi) Brașov Transalutanus Dacia Apulensis Transylvania Brașov
(Brâncovenești) Brâncovenești Porolissensis 2.55 Dacia Porolissensis Transylvania Mureș
(Breznița-Ocol) Breznița-Ocol Dacia Malvensis Oltenia Mehedinți
(Brusturi) Brusturi Porolissensis Dacia Porolissensis Transylvania Sălaj
(Bucium) Bucium 2.56 Dacia Apulensis Transylvania Hunedoara
(Buciumi) Buciumi Porolissensis 2.2 Dacia Porolissensis Transylvania Sălaj
(Bulci) Bulci Marisiensis Dacia Apulensis Banat Arad
(Bumbești-Jiu 1) Bumbești-Jiu Dacia Malvensis Oltenia Gorj
(Bumbești-Jiu 2) Bumbești-Jiu 1.44 Dacia Malvensis Oltenia Gorj
(Bumbești-Jiu 3) Bumbești-Jiu 2.8 Dacia Malvensis Oltenia Gorj
(Călugăreni) Călugăreni Porolissensis? 2.2 Dacia Apulensis Transylvania Mureș
(Cernavodă) Cernavodă Moesiarum Moesia Inferior Dobrudja Constanța
(Chitid) Chitid 3.15 Dacia Apulensis Transylvania Hunedoara
(Cigmău) Cigmău 3.8 Dacia Apulensis Transylvania Hunedoara
(Cincșor) Cincșor 2.5 Dacia Apulensis Transylvania Brașov
(Cioroiu Nou) Cioroiu Nou Dacia Malvensis Oltenia Dolj
(Ciuperceni) Ciuperceni Moesiarum Transalutanus 13.6 Dacia Malvensis Muntenia Teleorman
(Colțești) Colțești Dacia Apulensis Transylvania Alba
(Comărnicel 1) Petrila 5.8 Dacia Apulensis Transylvania Hunedoara
(Comărnicel 2) Petrila 7.8 Dacia Apulensis Transylvania Hunedoara
(Constantin Daicoviciu) Constantin Daicoviciu Dacia Apulensis Banat Caraș-Severin
(Cornuțel) Cornuțel 0.24 Dacia Apulensis Banat Caraș-Severin
(Costești) Costești 3 Dacia Apulensis Transylvania Hunedoara
(Crâmpoia) Crâmpoia Transalutanus 0.7 Dacia Malvensis Oltenia Olt
(Cristești) Cristești Dacia Apulensis Transylvania Mureș
(Desa) Desa Dacia Malvensis Oltenia Dolj
(Drajna de Sus) Drajna de Sus Dacia Malvensis Muntenia Prahova
(Drumul Carului) Drumul Carului Dacia Apulensis Transylvania Brașov
(Duleu) Duleu Dacia Apulensis Banat Caraș-Severin
(Fâlfani) Fâlfani Transalutanus 0.6 Dacia Malvensis Muntenia Argeș
(Federi) Federi Dacia Apulensis Transylvania Hunedoara
(Feldioara) Feldioara 1.5 Dacia Apulensis Transylvania Brașov
(Fizești) Fizești 0.31 Dacia Apulensis Transylvania Hunedoara
Plan of castra from Galați – Tirighina-Bărboși, Moesia (modern Romania) (Galați – Tirighina-Bărboși) Galați Moesiarum Moesia Inferior Moldova Galați
(Gherla) Gherla 106 Dacia Porolissensis Transylvania Cluj
Image of castra from Gilău, Roman Dacia (modern Romania) (Gilău) Gilău 3 106 Dacia Porolissensis Transylvania Cluj
(Gresia) Gresia 0.3 Dacia Malvensis Muntenia Teleorman
(Grădiștea de Munte) Grădiștea de Munte 0.4 Dacia Apulensis Transylvania Hunedoara
(Hinova) Puținei Moesiarum 0.18 Dacia Malvensis Oltenia Mehedinți
(Hoghiz) Hoghiz Porolissensis? 3.6 Dacia Apulensis Transylvania Brașov
(Hunedoara) Hunedoara Dacia Apulensis Transylvania Hunedoara
(Ighiu) Ighiu 0.2 Dacia Apulensis Transylvania Alba
(Ilișua) Ilișua Porolissensis 3.3 106 Dacia Porolissensis Transylvania Bistrița-Năsăud
(Inlăceni) Inlăceni Porolissensis? 2.07 Dacia Apulensis Transylvania Harghita
Plan of Roman fortifications from Insula Bisericuța, Moesia (modern Romania) (Insula Bisericuța) Insula Bisericuța/Lake Razelm Moesia Inferior Dobrudja Tulcea
(Islaz 1) Islaz Moesiarum Dacia Malvensis Muntenia Teleorman
(Islaz 2) Islaz Moesiarum Dacia Malvensis Muntenia Teleorman
(Izbășești) Izbășești Dacia Malvensis Muntenia Argeș
(Jac) Jac Porolissensis 6 Dacia Porolissensis Transylvania Sălaj
(Jigorul Mare) Jigorul Mare 7.4 Dacia Apulensis Transylvania Hunedoara
(Lipova) Lipova Marisiensis Dacia Apulensis Banat Arad
(Livezile) Livezile Porolissensis 2 Dacia Porolissensis Transylvania Bistrița-Năsăud
(Luncani) Luncani 2.4 Dacia Apulensis Transylvania Hunedoara
(Moldova Nouă) Moldova Nouă Moesiarum Dacia Apulensis Banat Caraș-Severin
(Negreni) Negreni Porolissensis Dacia Porolissensis Transylvania Cluj
(Ocna Sibiului) Ocna Sibiului Dacia Apulensis Transylvania Sibiu
(Odorheiu Secuiesc) Odorheiu Secuiesc Porolissensis? Dacia Apulensis Transylvania Harghita
(Olteni) Olteni Porolissensis? 1.3 Dacia Apulensis Transylvania Covasna
(Orheiu Bistriței) Orheiu Bistriței Porolissensis 2.9 Dacia Porolissensis Transylvania Bistrița-Năsăud
Image of thermae at castra from Pietroasele, Roman Dacia (modern Romania) (Pietroasele) Pietroasele 1.95 Dacia Malvensis Muntenia Buzău
(Pietroșani) Pietroșani Moesiarum Dacia Malvensis Muntenia Teleorman
(Pinoasa) Pinoasa 2.5 Dacia Malvensis Oltenia Gorj
(Pleșa) Pleșa 3.6 Dacia Malvensis Oltenia Gorj
(Ploiești) Ploiești Dacia Malvensis Muntenia Prahova
(Plosca) Plosca Moesiarum Dacia Malvensis Oltenia Dolj
(Pojejena) Pojejena Moesiarum 2.7 Dacia Apulensis Banat Caraș-Severin
(Purcăreni [ro]) Purcăreni [ro] Transalutanus ~ 3 Dacia Malvensis Muntenia Argeș
(Putineiu) Putineiu Transalutanus 0.28 Dacia Malvensis Muntenia Teleorman
(Puținei) Puținei Dacia Malvensis Oltenia Mehedinți
(Răcarii de Jos) Răcarii de Jos 2.5 Dacia Malvensis Oltenia Dolj
(Rădăcinești) Rădăcinești Dacia Malvensis Oltenia Vâlcea
(Războieni-Cetate) Războieni-Cetate Dacia Apulensis Transylvania Alba
(Râu Bărbat) Râu Bărbat 0.96 Dacia Apulensis Transylvania Hunedoara
(Reci / Comalău) Reci Transalutanus Dacia Apulensis Transylvania Covasna
(Roșiorii de Vede 1) Roșiorii de Vede Transalutanus Dacia Malvensis Muntenia Teleorman
(Roșiorii de Vede 2) Roșiorii de Vede Transalutanus 0.3 Dacia Malvensis Muntenia Teleorman
(Rucăr) Rucăr Dacia Malvensis Muntenia Argeș
(Salcia) Salcia Transalutanus 0.28 Dacia Malvensis Muntenia Teleorman
(Săpata de Jos 1) Săpata de Jos Transalutanus 1.1 Dacia Malvensis Muntenia Argeș
(Săpata de Jos 2) Săpata de Jos Transalutanus 1.6 Dacia Malvensis Muntenia Argeș
(Sărățeni) Sărățeni Porolissensis? Dacia Apulensis Transylvania Mureș
(Sânpaul) Sânpaul Dacia Apulensis Transylvania Harghita
(Sântămărie) Cetatea de Baltă Dacia Apulensis Transylvania Alba
(Sebeș) Sebeș Dacia Apulensis Transylvania Alba
(Sfârleanca) Sfârleanca Dacia Malvensis Muntenia Prahova
(Slăveni) Slăveni Dacia Malvensis Oltenia Olt
(Stremț) Stremț Dacia Apulensis Transylvania Alba
(Svinița) Svinița Moesiarum Dacia Malvensis Oltenia Mehedinți
(Șinca Veche) Șinca Veche Dacia Apulensis Transylvania Brașov
(Șugag) Șugag Dacia Apulensis Transylvania Alba
(Târgșoru Vechi) Târgșoru Vechi Dacia Malvensis Muntenia Prahova
Târnăveni Târnăveni Dacia Apulensis Transylvania Mureș
(Tihău) Tihău Porolissensis Dacia Porolissensis Transylvania Sălaj
(Tileagd) Tileagd Dacia Porolissensis Crișana Bihor
(Titești) Titești 0.26 Dacia Malvensis Oltenia Vâlcea
(Urlueni 1) Urlueni Transalutanus 1.3 Dacia Malvensis Muntenia Argeș
(Urlueni 2) Urlueni Transalutanus 0.8 Dacia Malvensis Muntenia Argeș
(Voinești) Voinești Dacia Malvensis Muntenia Argeș
(Zăvoi) Zăvoi 11.2 Dacia Apulensis Banat Caraș-Severin

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

ReferencesEdit

AncientEdit

ModernEdit

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit