Petrila (Romanian pronunciation: [peˈtrila]; Hungarian: Petrilla) is a town in the Jiu Valley, Hunedoara County, Transylvania, Romania. It is located near the confluence of the rivers Jiul de Est, Taia, and Jieț.

Petrila
Catholic Church in Lonea
Catholic Church in Lonea
Coat of arms of Petrila
Location in Hunedoara County
Location in Hunedoara County
Petrila is located in Romania
Petrila
Petrila
Location in Romania
Coordinates: 45°27′0″N 23°25′12″E / 45.45000°N 23.42000°E / 45.45000; 23.42000Coordinates: 45°27′0″N 23°25′12″E / 45.45000°N 23.42000°E / 45.45000; 23.42000
CountryRomania
CountyHunedoara
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2024) Vasile Jurca[1] (PSD)
Area
308.68 km2 (119.18 sq mi)
Elevation
675 m (2,215 ft)
Population
 (2011)[2]
22,692
 • Density74/km2 (190/sq mi)
Time zoneEET/EEST (UTC+2/+3)
Postal code
335800
Area code+40 x54
Vehicle reg.HD
Websitewww.petrila.ro

The town administers four villages: Cimpa (Csimpa), Jieț (Zsiec), Răscoala (Reszkola), and Tirici.

HistoryEdit

A Romanian town in the Carpathian Mountains, Petrila is an ancient settlement, but its existence was not documented until 1493 in a donation letter between Vladislav the First, King of Hungary and a Romanian prince named Mihai Cande.

The name of the town was noted in 1733 as coming from the Latin word “petrinus” ("pietros" in Romanian), which can be translated into English to mean “of stone”, a reference to the large coal deposits in the area that would become a profitable export in the Industrial Revolution. The exploitation of coal deposits in and around Petrila made the town grow as a single-industry town, revolving either around the mining of coal or the processing of the coal mined there, which is listed under the grade “Pitcoal”. Mining operations began in 1840, but the town would remain sparsely populated until the arrival of Western Moldavian workers forced to relocate by the former president of Romania Nicolae Ceaușescu under Communist rule. The restructuring of the economy since the Romanian Revolution of 1989 has led to a decrease in production and supply for the region, including Petrila.

It was the site in recent times of the Petrila Mine disaster, wherein two methane gas explosions in a coal mine on November 15, 2008 killed at least 12 miners and/or rescue workers. This is not the first time this millennium a coal mine in Petrila has suffered such an incident; another similar incident occurred in 2001.[3]

EconomyEdit

The mining in the town began in 1840 and the peak production of coal was in 1984 1,255,240 tonnes, since then it decreased to 504,000 tonnes.

PopulationEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
195619,955—    
196624,796+24.3%
197725,173+1.5%
199229,302+16.4%
200228,742−1.9%
201121,373−25.6%
Source: Census data

As of 2011, it had a population of 21,373. Of these, 93.97% were Romanians, 4.9% Hungarians and 0.73% Roma.

NativesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Results of the 2020 local elections". Central Electoral Bureau. Retrieved 8 June 2021.
  2. ^ "Populaţia stabilă pe judeţe, municipii, oraşe şi localităti componenete la RPL_2011" (XLS). National Institute of Statistics.
  3. ^ "Gas blasts kill Romanian miners". BBC News. 15 November 2008. Retrieved 22 November 2008.

External linksEdit