Petrila (Romanian pronunciation: [peˈtrila]; Hungarian: Petrilla) is a town in the Jiu Valley, Hunedoara County, Transylvania, Romania. It is located near the confluence of the rivers Jiul de Est, Taia, and Jieț.

Catholic Church in Lonea
Catholic Church in Lonea
Coat of arms of Petrila
Location in Hunedoara County
Location in Hunedoara County
Petrila is located in Romania
Location in Romania
Coordinates: 45°27′0″N 23°25′12″E / 45.45000°N 23.42000°E / 45.45000; 23.42000
 • Mayor (2020–2024) Vasile Jurca[1] (PSD)
308.68 km2 (119.18 sq mi)
675 m (2,215 ft)
 • Density63/km2 (160/sq mi)
Time zoneEET/EEST (UTC+2/+3)
Postal code
Area code+40 x54
Vehicle reg.HD

The town administers four villages: Cimpa (Csimpa), Jieț (Zsiec), Răscoala (Reszkola), and Tirici.

History edit

A Romanian town in the Carpathian Mountains, Petrila is an ancient settlement, but its existence was not documented until 1493 in a donation letter between Vladislav the First, King of Hungary and a Romanian prince named Mihai Cande.

The name of the town was noted in 1733 as coming from the Latin word “petrinus” ("pietros" in Romanian), which can be translated into English to mean “of stone”, a reference to the large coal deposits in the area that would become a profitable export in the Industrial Revolution. The exploitation of coal deposits in and around Petrila made the town grow as a single-industry town, revolving either around the mining of coal or the processing of the coal mined there, which is listed under the grade “Pitcoal”. Mining operations began in 1840, but the town would remain sparsely populated until the arrival of Western Moldavian workers forced to relocate by the former president of Romania Nicolae Ceaușescu under Communist rule. The restructuring of the economy since the Romanian Revolution of 1989 has led to a decrease in production and supply for the region, including Petrila.

It was the site in recent times of the Petrila Mine disaster, wherein two methane gas explosions in a coal mine on November 15, 2008 killed at least 12 miners and/or rescue workers. This is not the first time this millennium a coal mine in Petrila has suffered such an incident; another similar incident occurred in 2001.[3]

Economy edit

The mining in the town began in 1840 and the peak production of coal was in 1984 1,255,240 tonnes, since then it decreased to 504,000 tonnes.

Population edit

Historical population
Source: Census data

At the 2011 census, Petrila had a population of 21,373; of these, 93.97% were Romanians, 4.9% Hungarians, and 0.73% Roma. At the 2021 census, the town had a population of 19,600.[4]

Natives edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Results of the 2020 local elections". Central Electoral Bureau. Retrieved 8 June 2021.
  2. ^ "Populaţia rezidentă după grupa de vârstă, pe județe și municipii, orașe, comune, la 1 decembrie 2021" (XLS). National Institute of Statistics.
  3. ^ "Gas blasts kill Romanian miners". BBC News. 15 November 2008. Retrieved 22 November 2008.
  4. ^ "Populația rezidentă după grupa de vârstă, pe județe și municipii, orașe, comune, la 1 decembrie 2021" (in Romanian). INSSE. 31 May 2023.
View from the Parâng mountain hut

External links edit