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List of castra by province

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Castra (Latin, singular castrum) were military forts of various sizes used by the Roman army throughout the Empire in various places of Europe, Asia and Africa. The largest castra were permanent legionary fortresses.[1]

Contents

LocationsEdit

The disposition of the castra reflects the most important zones of the empire from a military point of view. Many castra were disposed along frontiers particularly in Northern and Central Europe. Another focal point was the Eastern border, where the Roman Empire confronted one of its long-term enemies, the Persian Empire. Other castra were located in strategically important zones, as in Egypt, from which most of the wealth of the empire came. Finally, other castra were located in zones in which the Romans experienced local unrest, such as Northern Spain and Judea. Provinces where the Roman power was unchallenged, such as Italy, Gaul, Africa and Greece, were provided with few or no castra.

In the long history of the Roman Empire, the character of the military policy of the Roman Empire changed, and consequently the location and dimension of the castra changed. Under Emperors Gallienus and Aurelian (and later Diocletian), the Roman army was organized into a high-mobility central army (the comitatus) and in local troops (the limitanei). Some castra lost importance, others were built in new zones, and in general they lost the role of permanent quarter for huge corps of troops.

Castra by Roman provinceEdit

AegyptusEdit

Alexandria, Babylon, Coptos, Nicopolis (Egypt)

AfricaEdit

Ammaedara, Lambaesis, Thamugas, Theveste

ArmeniaEdit

Satala

BritanniaEdit

Alauna, Arbeia, Banna, Branodunum, Bremenium, Burrium, Camulodunum, Derventio (Malton), Deva Victrix, Eboracum, Epiacum, Glevum, Isca Dumnoniorum, Isca Augusta, Condercum, Concangis, Corinium, Galava, Glannoventa, Leucarum, Lindum, Mamucium, Manduessedum, Mediobogdum, Navio, Morbium, Olicana, Pinnata Castra, Portus Adurni, Regulbium, Segedunum, Trimontium, Vindolanda, Vinovia, Viroconium, Voreda
Also castra of unknown name:
Bar Hill, Bearsden, Lunt Fort, Normandykes, Raedykes, Templeborough

CappadociaEdit

Melitene

CommageneEdit

Samosata, Zeugma

CorsicaEdit

Aleria, Aurelianus

DaciaEdit

Acidava, Ad Mutrium, Ad Pannonios, Agnaviae, Aizis, Altenum, Angustia, Apulum, Arcidava, Arcobara, Arutela, Auraria Daciae, Bacaucis, Berzovia, Buridava, Caput Bubali, Caput Stenarum, Castra Traiana, Castra Nova, Certinae, Cumidava, Dierna, Drobeta, Jidava, Largiana, Micia, Naissus, Napoca, Optatiana, Partiscum, Pelendava, Pons Aluti, Pons Vetus, Porolissum, Potaissa, Praetoria Augusta, Praetorium (Copăceni), Praetorium (Mehadia), Resculum, Romula, Rupes, Rusidava, Samum, Sucidava, Tibiscum, Ulpia Traiana Sarmizegetusa
Also castra of unknown name:
Albești, Bădeni, Băile Homorod, Boroșneu Mare, Brusturi, Brâncovenești, Bucium, Buciumi, Bulci, Bumbești-Jiu - Gară, Bumbești-Jiu - Vârtop, Băneasa, Bănița, Chitid, Cigmău, Cincșor, Cioroiu Nou, Colțești, Constantin Daicoviciu, Cornuțel, Cristești, Crâmpoia, Călugăreni, Desa, Duleu - Cornet cetate, Duleu - Odăi, Federi, Feldioara, Fizești, Fâlfani, Gherla, Gilău, Gresia, Hinova, Hoghiz, Hunedoara, Ighiu, Islaz, Izbășești, Izvoarele, Jac, Livezile, Luncani / Târsa, Moldova Nouă, Negreni, Ocna Sibiului, Olteni, Odorheiu Secuiesc, Orheiu Bistriței, Pietroasele, Pietroșani, Ploiești, Plosca, Poiana, Pojejena, Porceni, Purcăreni, Putineiu, Puținei, Roșiorii de Vede, Râu Bărbat, Răcarii de Jos, Războieni-Cetate, Reci, Salcia, Sfârleanca, Sighișoara, Slăveni, Stremț, Surducu Mare, Sânpaul (Harghita), Sânpaul (Mureș), Săpata de Jos, Sărățeni, Sfârleanca, Tihău, Titești, Târnăveni, Urlueni, Voinești, Voislova, Șinca Veche, Zăvoi
Possible castra mentioned on Tabula Peutingeriana but not investigated:
Ad Aquas/Aquae, Brucla, Gaganis, Masclianis, Petris, Salinae/Salinis

DalmatiaEdit

Delminium, Burnum, Ragusia or Laus, Tilurium, Split

GalliaEdit

Argentoratum, Castra Constantia, Lugdunum
Also castra of unknown name:
Oudenburg

GermaniaEdit

Abusina, Augusta Vindelicorum, Bonna, Colonia Agrippinae, Flevum, Moguntiacum, Novaesium, Noviomagus, Traiectum, Vetera
Also castra of unknown name:
Saalburg

HispaniaEdit

Asturica Augusta, Castra Servilia, Legio, Lucus Augusti, Tarraco

ItaliaEdit

Aquileia, Castra Albana, Castra ad Fluvium Frigidum, Cremona, Emona, Castra Taurinorum, Placentia

IudaeaEdit

Aelia Capitolina, Raphana

MesopotamiaEdit

Nisibis, Singara, Ziata

MoesiaEdit

Ad Stoma, Arrubium, Altinum, Argamum, Axiopolis, Beroe, Callatis, Capidava, Carsium, Cius, Dinogetia, Drajna de Sus, Histriopolis, Halmyris, Libida, Novae, Noviodunum, Oescus, Ratiaria, Sacidava, Salsovia, Scupi, Singidunum, Stratonis, Tomis, Troesmis, Ulmetum, Viminacium
Also castra of unknown name:
Basarabi-Murfatlar, Tirighina-Bărboși, Cernavodă

NoricumEdit

Asturis (Zwentendorf), Cannabiaca (Zeiselmauer-Wolfpassing), Comagena, Lauriacum, Lentia

OsrhoeneEdit

Circesium

PannoniaEdit

Aquincum, Brigetio, Carnuntum, Mursa, Poetovio, Sirmium, Taurunum, Vindobona

RaetiaEdit

Brigantium, Castra Regina, Batavis, Castra Maiense

Maxima SequanorumEdit

Augusta Raurica, Vindonissa

SyriaEdit

Androna, Apamea, Bostra, Dura, Emesa

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Roman Legionary Fortresses: Map". legionaryfortresses.info. Retrieved 11 April 2018.

External linksEdit