Castra of Tihău
It was a fort in the Roman province of Dacia.
|Castra of Tihău|
|Known also as||Castra of Surduc|
|Founded||2nd century AD|
|Place in the Roman world|
|Administrative unit||Dacia Porolissensis|
|Administrative unit||Dacia Superior|
|Directly connected to|
|— Stone  structure —|
|Size and area||129 m × 144 m (1.85  ha)|
|— Wood and earth  structure —|
|Stationed military units|
|— Cohorts —|
|Altitude||221 m (725 ft)|
|Place name||Grădiște |
|Recognition||National Historical Monument|
|Exhibitions||County Museum of History and Art, Zalău|
Fortification of historical significance, the castra of Tihău was called since the 18th century "citadel of Tuhutum". Ruins on the plateau "Grădiște" shows that the Castra of Tihău was a Roman fort of auxiliary troop, pertaining to the northwest sector of Dacic limes. Repeated discoveries of Roman archaeological materials (pottery, tiles and bricks, arms, tools, diverse objects, tegular stamps, coins, even stone inscriptions etc.), advanced knowledges in the realm of history and archeology of Roman Dacia, all together, confirm the nature, the chronological placement, appurtenance and Roman military-defensive role of "fort" that formerly erected in this place from the confluence of Almaș and Someș River.
The castra was known and put on contribution in the debate of various military issues of Roman Dacia-based only on few fortuitous discoveries and some land surface observations.
First systematic excavations, that actually were only information surveys, were taken in 1958, within the pale of archaeological site of Porolissum, where performed its works a large group of researchers, led by regretted professor Mihail Macrea. Of his commission and modest funds provided by the Museum of Zalău, they began the excavations at the castra, excavations that were conceived to unfold several years and would receive a greater ampleness. But, unfortunately, the excavations were limited to 1958, to what they could do then, not to be resumed. Otherwise, excavations from Porolissum were stopped the following year, because the same reasons of deformed and arbitrary historical photics. After 36 years, the researches were resumed and continued, through a collaboration between Institute of Archaeology and Art History in Cluj-Napoca and Museum of History and Art in Zalău.
Geographical and strategical positionEdit
The castra is located on a plateau called by villagers "Grădiște" or "Cetate", plateau placed to the left of Someș River, before its confluence with Almaș River and at about 120 m in the left of Jibou-Dej road. From the plateau, whose plots belonged to Tihău inhabitants (commune of Surduc), it opens a wide view over the valley of Someș River to Jibou, 8 km westwards, to the village of Ciocmani, northwards, and southwards, on the valley of Almaș River, to the village of Gâlgău Almașului. Only eastwards the perspective closes by nearby hills, that stretch along the valley of Gârbou River and to the namesake village. It's a nodal strategic point, excellently chosen for a Roman castra on the frontier of Dacia Porolissensis (additional province organized in 124 AD), castrat that blocked the main pathways of a potential external attack to the northwestern Roman Dacia territories. Actually, westwards, horizon is far closed, beyond Jibou, to the hills in Popteleac-Mirșid-Creaca-Moigrad (Porolissum) area.
Protase, Dumitru (1994). Castrul roman de la Tihău în lumina cunoștințelor actuale (PDF).
- "Castrul roman de la Tihău - "Grădişte"". National Archaeological Record of Romania (RAN). ran.cimec.ro. 2014-01-31. Archived from the original on 2014-02-27. Retrieved 2014-02-27.
- Istoria Daciei romane, de Adrian Bejan Archived December 5, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
- Bibliografia lucrărilor științifice ale membrilor Institutului de Istorie din Cluj (1920-2005)
- Șt. Ferenczi, A tihói római táborról, published in EmlKelemen, p. 279-292
- Gh. Bot, Despre castrul și garnizoana romană de la Tihău, published in 1974, in IMCD, p. 429-440
- Google Earth