Dej (Romanian pronunciation: [deʒ]; Hungarian: Dés; German: Desch, Burglos; Yiddish: דעעשDesh) is a municipality in Transylvania, Romania, 60 km (40 miles) north of Cluj-Napoca, in Cluj County. It lies where the river Someșul Mic meets the river Someșul Mare. The city administers four villages: Ocna Dejului (Désakna), Peștera (Pestes), Pintic (Oláhpéntek) and Șomcutu Mic (Kissomkút).[citation needed]

Dej
Dej Calvinist Church
Dej Calvinist Church
Coat of arms of Dej
Coat of arms
Location in Cluj County
Location in Cluj County
Dej is located in Romania
Dej
Dej
Location in Romania
Coordinates: 47°05′14″N 23°48′19″E / 47.08722°N 23.80528°E / 47.08722; 23.80528Coordinates: 47°05′14″N 23°48′19″E / 47.08722°N 23.80528°E / 47.08722; 23.80528
Country Romania
CountyCluj
Government
 • MayorCostan Morar[1] (PSD)
Area
109.12 km2 (42.13 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[2]
33,497
 • Density310/km2 (800/sq mi)
Time zoneEET/EEST (UTC+2/+3)
Vehicle reg.CJ
Websitewww.primariadej.ro

The city lies at the crossroads of important railroads and highways linking it to Cluj-Napoca, Baia Mare, Satu Mare, Deda, Bistrița, and Vatra Dornei.

HistoryEdit

 
Kingdom of Hungary stamp used in Deés, 8 January 1901

Like the rest of the territory of Cluj County, Dej was part of Hungary prior to 1920. The city was first mentioned in 1214 as Dees, in 1236 as Deeswar, in 1310 as Deesvitta, in 1351 both Deés[3] and Deésvár occurred, the earlier has been used until eventually it was changed to Dés. It had a royal charter as a free city and was the capital of Szolnok-Doboka County.[3] In 1905 it had a protestant church from the 15th Century, and a tower from 16th Century fortifications.[3] It was primarily a market town for local wines and other agricultural products.[4]

DemographicsEdit

YearPop.±%
1910 11,452—    
1930 15,110+31.9%
1948 14,681−2.8%
1956 19,281+31.3%
1966 26,984+40.0%
1977 32,345+19.9%
1992 41,216+27.4%
2002 38,478−6.6%
2011 33,497−12.9%
Source: Census data

According to the 2011 Romanian census, there were 33,497 people living within the city.

Of this population, 81.8% are ethnic Romanians, while 11.3% are ethnic Hungarians, 1.0% Roma and 0.1% others.[5]

NativesEdit

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Results of the 2016 local elections". Central Electoral Bureau. Retrieved 3 April 2020.
  2. ^ "Populaţia stabilă pe judeţe, municipii, oraşe şi localităti componenete la RPL_2011" (in Romanian). National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 4 February 2014.
  3. ^ a b c "Deés". Austria-Hungary: Including Dalmatia and Bosnia; Handbook for Travellers. Karl Baedeker. 1905. p. 406.
  4. ^ Ritter, Carl (1874). "Deés". Geographisch-statistisches Lexikon über die Erdteile, Länder, Meere, Buchten, Häfen, Seen, Flüsse, Inseln, Gebirge, Staaten, Städte, Flecken, Dörfer, Weiler, Bäder, Bergwerke, Kanäle etc (in German). Wigand. p. 375.
  5. ^ Tab8. Populaţia stabilă după etnie – judeţe, municipii, oraşe, comune, 2011 census results, Institutul Național de Statistică, accessed 17 February 2020.

External linksEdit