Râșnov

Râșnov (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈrɨʃnov]; German: Rosenau; Hungarian: Barcarozsnyó; Transylvanian Saxon dialect: Ruusenåå;[3] Latin: Rosnovia) is a town in Brașov County, Transylvania, Romania with a population of 15,022.

Râșnov
Râşnov (Barcarozsnyó, Rosenau) - view from castle 01.jpg
Coat of arms of Râșnov
Location in Brașov County
Location in Brașov County
Râșnov is located in Romania
Râșnov
Râșnov
Location in Romania
Coordinates: 45°35′36″N 25°27′37″E / 45.59333°N 25.46028°E / 45.59333; 25.46028Coordinates: 45°35′36″N 25°27′37″E / 45.59333°N 25.46028°E / 45.59333; 25.46028
CountryRomania
CountyBrașov
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2024) Liviu Butnaru[1] (PNL)
Area
164.36 km2 (63.46 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[2]
15,022
 • Density91/km2 (240/sq mi)
Time zoneEET/EEST (UTC+2/+3)
Vehicle reg.BV
Websitewww.primariarasnov.ro

It is located at about 15 km (9.3 mi) from the city of Brașov and about the same distance from Bran, on the road that links Wallachia and Transylvania.

HistoryEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1956 7,974—    
1966 9,700+21.6%
1977 13,792+42.2%
1992 16,384+18.8%
2002 16,242−0.9%
2011 15,022−7.5%
Source: Census data

The Roman fort of Cumidava was discovered in 1856 near the town.

The Râșnov Fortress was first built as a castle by the Teutonic Knights in the years 1211–1225. Râșnov was mentioned for the first time in 1331 as Rosnou and again in 1388 as villa Rosarum.[4] While the village was razed many times in its history by Tatars, Turks, and Wallachians, the fortress was conquered only once, in 1612, by Gabriel Báthory.

Legend of the fortress wellEdit

There is a legend attached to Râșnov Fortress. During a particularly long siege of the fortress, the citizens of Râșnov were concerned about the lack of available fresh drinking water. Two Turkish soldiers, having been captured earlier, were put to the task of digging a well in the centre of the fortress. These two men were assured that they would be given their freedom once the well was completed. According to local legend, it took them 17 years to finish the well, but they were still killed afterwards. This famous well still sits in the centre of Râșnov Fortress, and is 143 metres deep.

ClimateEdit

Râșnov has a warm-summer humid continental climate (Dfb in the Köppen climate classification).

Climate data for Râșnov
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 0.3
(32.5)
2.2
(36.0)
6.8
(44.2)
12.8
(55.0)
17.6
(63.7)
20.9
(69.6)
22.8
(73.0)
23.1
(73.6)
18.1
(64.6)
12.9
(55.2)
7.8
(46.0)
1.9
(35.4)
12.3
(54.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) −3.8
(25.2)
−2.2
(28.0)
2.1
(35.8)
7.9
(46.2)
13
(55)
16.7
(62.1)
18.5
(65.3)
18.5
(65.3)
13.6
(56.5)
8.2
(46.8)
3.5
(38.3)
−1.9
(28.6)
7.8
(46.1)
Average low °C (°F) −7.9
(17.8)
−6.5
(20.3)
−2.5
(27.5)
2.6
(36.7)
7.8
(46.0)
11.9
(53.4)
13.7
(56.7)
13.7
(56.7)
9.3
(48.7)
4.1
(39.4)
0.1
(32.2)
−5.4
(22.3)
3.4
(38.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 46
(1.8)
44
(1.7)
62
(2.4)
93
(3.7)
134
(5.3)
138
(5.4)
136
(5.4)
110
(4.3)
74
(2.9)
59
(2.3)
52
(2.0)
51
(2.0)
999
(39.2)
Source: https://en.climate-data.org/europe/romania/brasov/rasnov-15497/

CultureEdit

MusicEdit

As of August 2013, Râșnov became the host of the first extreme metal festival in Romania, known as Rockstadt Extreme Fest, which was held at the foot of the fortress hill. The festival featured bands such as Decapitated, Napalm Death, Gojira, Carach Angren, Septicflesh, Primordial among many others and it continues to this day[when?].

FilmEdit

The American film Cold Mountain (2002) was shot to a large degree in the area around Râșnov.

SportsEdit

Râșnov Sports Complex was built just outside the town in Cărbunării Valley, for 2013 European Youth Winter Olympic Festival, which was hosted in the nearby city of Brașov.[5]

Two ski jumping events took place in Râșnov, as part of the Women's Ski Jumping World Cup 2013/2014 competition. The events were scheduled for March 2014, on the "Valea Cărbunării" slope.[6] During the 2019–20 World Cup, both women and men had events in Râșnov.[clarification needed].

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Results of the 2020 local elections". Central Electoral Bureau. Retrieved 9 June 2021.
  2. ^ "Populaţia stabilă pe judeţe, municipii, oraşe şi localităti componenete la RPL_2011" (in Romanian). National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 4 February 2014.
  3. ^ Rosenau
  4. ^ "Rosenau - Informationen".
  5. ^ "Romania starts into the future". 2011-10-17.
  6. ^ "Ski Jumping - FIS-SKI".

External linksEdit