Equipment of the Romanian Armed Forces
This is a list of equipment of the Romanian Armed Forces currently in service and storage.
Vehicular Land ForcesEdit
|Main Battle Tanks |
|TR-85||Romania||Main battle tank||TR-85
|The upgraded TR-85M1 version (1999-) is heavily modified to meet NATO standards.|
|TR-580||Romania||Main battle tank||TR-580||23||Romanian version of Soviet T-55 tank.|
|T-55/TR-77-580||Soviet Union/ Romania||Main battle tank||T-55AM
|Infantry Fighting Vehicles|
|MLI-84||Romania||Infantry fighting vehicle||MLI-84
|Licensed built BMP-1 with a number of modifications. MLI-84 Jder is the modernized version, equipped with a 25 mm Oerlikon KBA cannon and Spike missiles.|
|Mowag Piranha V||Switzerland / Romania||Armored Fighting vehicle||Infantry Fighting Vehicle
120 mm mortar
|36||227 AFV on order on six variants, 8 arrived in November, 2018.30 will be manufactured in Switzerland and 197 in Bucharest at Uzina Mecanica Bucuresti.|
|Armoured Personnel Carriers|
|Mowag Piranha||Switzerland||Armoured personnel carrier||Piranha IIIC||43||Up-armoured with armour kits from Plasan Sasa (Israel).|
|TAB B33 Zimbru||Romania||Armoured personnel carrier||69||Licensed built BTR-80 with a number of modifications.|
|TAB-77||Romania||Armoured personnel carrier||TAB-77M
|155||Romanian produced version of the BTR-70 with a number of modifications.|
|TAB-71||Romania||Armoured personnel carrier||TAB-71M
|401||Licensed built BTR-60 with a number of modifications. Will be replaced by the future TBT 8×8 APV, currently in development.|
|TABC-79||Romania||Armoured personnel carrier||TAB-C
|MLVM||Romania||Armoured personnel carrier||MLVM
|76||Infantry fighting vehicle for mountainous terrain. Classified as an armoured personnel carrier by UN because of its light armour and armament. Used by the vânători de munte units.|
|MT-LB||Soviet Union||Armoured personnel carrier||SNAR-10 "Jaguar"
|8||Artillery/mortar locating radar.|
|Multi-Purpose Armoured Vehicles|
|HMMWV||United States||Multi-purpose armoured vehicle||M1113
|322: 200 deployed in Afghanistan||Up-armoured M1113, M1165 is used by ISAF troops in Afghanistan. M1114 is used by Military Police. M1151 is used by Romanian Land Force.|
|URO VAMTAC||Spain||Multi-purpose armoured vehicle||S3, S3-HD||80
|Mainly used by Special Forces; S3-HD variant with light up-armour.|
|Wolf Armoured Vehicle||Israel||Multi-purpose armoured vehicle||3||Used by the Military Police.|
|Panhard PVP||France||Multi-purpose armoured vehicle||16|
|Cougar||United States||Mine Resistant Ambush Protected Vehicle||Cougar 6x6||5||Provided by the United States, used by the EOD.|
|International MaxxPro||United States||Mine Resistant Ambush Protected Vehicle||MaxxPro Dash||60||Provided by the United States, used by the Special Forces in Afghanistan.|
|Carmor Hurricane||Israel||MRAP||3||Used by E.O.D troops.|
|DMT-85M1||Romania||Armored engineer vehicle||5||Armoured engineer vehicle based on the TR-85M1 chassis with a new, fixed superstructure, a 6.5t crane and a Pearson's TWMP mine clearing plough. The commander has a cupola with RWS. Five were built between 2007 and 2009.|
|TER TR-85||Romania||Armoured recovery vehicle||Unknown||Based on TR-85 chassis. Will be replaced with a version based on TR-85M1 chassis, currently in development.|
|TEHEVAC MLI-84M||Romania||Unknown||Based on MLI-84M chassis. Crane load is 2200 kg.|
|BPZ-2||Germany||Armoured recovery vehicle||3||Delivered as offset for Gepard SPAAG by KMW|
|PMA||East Germany||Armoured vehicle-launched bridge||BLG-67M||Unknown||Will be replaced with a version based on TR-85M1 chassis, currently in development. Used by military engineering units.|
|NX 7 B3||France||Trench digger||Unknown||Used by military engineering units.|
|MFRD||France||Counter-mobility vehicle||Unknown||Used by military engineering units.|
|AMT 125||Romania||Crane truck||Unknown||Used by military engineering units.|
|AMT 950||Romania||Crane truck||Unknown||Used by military engineering units.|
|Autogreder||Romania||Road grader||AG-180||Unknown||Used by military engineering units.|
|Ł34||Poland||Wheeled loader||Unknown||Used by military engineering units.|
|Bulldozer||Romania||Bulldozer||S.1500L.S.||Unknown||Used by military engineering units.|
|VW Transporter||Germany||Van||SIBCRA||Unknown||Sampling and Identification of Biological, Chemical and Radiological Agents vehicle.|
|Mercedes Benz Sprinter||Germany||Van||Unknown||Used for transport and radio stations. Newly added.|
|Unarmoured Multi-Purpose Vehicles|
|Chevrolet LSSV Tahoe||United States||Four-wheel drive command vehicle||17||Equipped with Harris radio equipment.|
|Land Rover Defender||United Kingdom||Four-wheel Drive Multi-Purpose Vehicle||Unknown||Used by Military Police in Bosnia and Herzegovina as part of SFOR.|
|Dacia Duster||Romania||Four-wheel Drive Multi-Purpose Vehicle||Unknown||Increasing numbers. One has been modified for use as CBRNE vehicle.|
|Polaris ATV||United States||Light all-terrain vehicle||Ranger 6x6
|Used by special forces and troops.|
|352||The DAC 665T chassis is also used for APR-40 multiple rocket launcher, while the slightly improved APRA-40 is based on DAC 15.215 DFAEG.|
|124||chassis for weapons systems like LAROM, ATROM, as Rocket Containers Transport and Load Vehicle, to carry command posts and weather stations and various others transport duties.|
|IVECO||Italy||Truck||Iveco DV High Mobility Truck 6X6 (173)||200+||Increasing numbers in 6x6 and 8x8 configurations. Used for vehicle transport, cargo etc. Another contract for 942 units signed. They are to be produced by Iveco locally. In total 2902 units desired|
|DPM-4||Minelayer||Romania||Unknown||Towed by DAC 6×6 trucks. Used by military engineering units.|
|BP-10||Assault boat||Romania||Unknown||Paddled for silent approach or fitted with an outboard motor. Capacity: 10 soldiers|
|Zodiac MK3||Assault boat||France||Unknown||Equipped with Evinrude Etec 50 hp engine.|
|PR-71||Pontoon bridge||Romania||Unknown||Used by military engineering units.|
|ST 140||Utility armoured motorboat||Romania||Unknown||3.5 tons, 8–10 mm armour, 140 hp engine. Used by military engineering units for maneuvering pontoons, it can also transport up to 20 soldiers.|
|MLC 240||Self-propelled barge||Romania||4||Used by military engineering units.|
|MLC 300||Ferryboat||Romania||4||Used by military engineering units.|
|M 1988||60mm||Romania||Unknown||There are also two 2001 versions: a commando version and an extended range version.|
|M 1977||82mm||Romania||1,214||Also available in 81 mm caliber.|
|M82||76mm||Romania||154||Mountain howitzer used by vânători de munte units. Based on the Yugoslav M48.|
|M81||152mm||Romania||320||Licensed built after the Soviet 152 mm howitzer D-20.|
|M85||152mm||Romania||116||A variant of the M81 howitzer, with performance similar to the 2A65 "Msta-B".|
|LAROM||Multiple Rocket Launcher||Romania/ Israel||54||Based on the APRA-40 Model 1988 122C.|
|M142||Tactical ballistic missile system||United States||54||First system will arrive in 2020.|
|APR 40||Multiple Rocket Launcher||Romania||135||Romanian improved version of BM-21 Grad; further developed into APRA-40.|
|M 1977||100mm towed anti-tank gun||Romania||208||Upgraded with modern day and night fire control system.|
|Anti-Tank Launcher Vehicles|
|9P122 "Malyutka"||ATGM Launcher Vehicle||Soviet Union||90||12 9P122 Sagger B and 78 9P133 Sagger C|
|9P148 "Konkurs"||ATGM Launcher Vehicle||Soviet Union||48||Also capable of firing the 9K111 Fagot missile.|
|Spike||Anti-tank missile||Israel||2000+||Spike ER and Spike LR. Used on MLI-84M Jderul, IAR 330 Puma SOCAT and in portable format
for ground troops.
|AG-7||Rocket propelled grenade||Romania||Unknown||Romanian version of RPG-7; standard anti-tank weapon at infantry squad level.|
|AG-9||73mm Recoilless rifle||Romania||Unknown||Romanian version of SPG-9; sometimes mounted on ARO 4×4 vehicles.|
|9K111 Fagot||Anti-tank missile||Soviet Union||Unknown||Acquired in the 1980s.|
|M72A5 LAW||Light anti-tank weapon||Norway||24||Bought from Nammo Raufoss AS, Norway. Used by special forces.|
|ZU-2||2×14.5mm anti-aircraft machine gun||Romania||Unknown||Romanian manufactured version. There is also a 4x14.5mm version called the MR-4, essentially a ZPU-4, but with a two-wheel carriage designed locally.|
|M 1980/88||2×30mm anti-aircraft gun||Romania||300|
|Oerlikon GDF-003||2×35mm anti-aircraft gun||Switzerland||72|
|Gepard||Self-propelled anti-aircraft gun||Germany||36||Plus 7 vehicles for spare parts.|
|MIM-104 Patriot||Mobile long-range surface-to-air missile||United States||- 56 PAC-2 GEM-T missiles
- 168 PAC-3 MSE missiles
|Romania will be the 14th Patriot customer worldwide. First system to arrive in 2020. Of the total 7 systems, 3 will be for the Land Forces.|
|MIM-23 HAWK||Mobile medium-range surface-to-air missile||United States||- 72 launchers with 223 rockets||Entered service in 2003.|
|2K12 Kub||Tracked medium-range surface-to-air missile system||Soviet Union||40||8 batteries.|
|9K33 OSA||6×6 amphibious SAM system||Soviet Union||24||4 batteries of 9K33M3 "OSA-AKM" type (16 9A33B TELAR and |
8 9T217 transloader vehicles).
|CA-95||Amphibious Short-range surface-to-air missile system||Romania||48||Licensed built 9K31 Strela-1 (NATO designation SA-9 "Gaskin") |
using a TABC-79 vehicle instead of BRDM-2.
|CA-94||MANPAD||Romania||288||Including CA-94M modernized version, and 6 regular Strela-2s.|
|Pistol md. 1995||9×19mm||Pistol||Romania||Not to be confused with Carpati model 1995. Standard service pistol.|
|Pistol md. 2000||9×19mm||Pistol||Romania||Modernized version of Pistol md. 1995.|
|Glock 17||9×19mm||Pistol||Austria||Used by troops on deployment and several special operations units.|
|HK MP5||9×19mm||Submachine gun||Germany||Used by special forces.|
|HK UMP9||9×19mm||Submachine gun||Germany||Used by special forces.|
|Uzi||9×19mm||Submachine gun||Israel||MiniUzi used by military police.|
|PA md. 86||5.45×39mm||Assault rifle||Romania||Standard service rifle in TOs, it is being replaced by the ARX 160 A3.|
|PM md. 63/65/90||7.62×39mm||Assault rifle||Romania||Romanian Navy and Army reserve. Will be replaced by the ARX 160 A3|
|Beretta ARX 160||5.56×45mm NATO||Assault Rifle||Italy Romania||The Romanian Armed Forces have chosen the ARX 160 A3 to replace the old AKM of the Romanian Land Forces. Production should start in Autumn 2019 at Uzina Plopeni (ROMARM).|
|HK G36||5.56×45mm||assault rifle||Germany||Used by special forces.|
|SIG 551 LB||5.56×45mm||Assault rifle||Switzerland||Used by special forces.|
|Steyr AUG||5.56×45mm||Assault rifle||Austria||Used by special forces.|
|M4 carbine||5.56×45mm||Assault rifle||United States||Used by special forces.|
|Light Machine Guns|
|PM md. 93||5.45×39mm||Light machine gun||Romania||Romanian version of RPK-74.|
|PM md. 64||7.62×39mm||light machine gun||Romania||Romanian version of RPK, standard LMG.|
|M249 light machine gun||5.56×45mm||Light machine gun||United States||US version of FN MINIMI. Used by special forces.|
|General-Purpose Machine Guns|
|Vektor SS-77||7.62×51mm||General purpose machine gun||South Africa||SS-77 MK1|
|Mitraliera md. 66||7.62×54mmR||General purpose machine gun||Romania||Romanian version of PKM, standard GPMG.|
|M240 machine gun||7.62×51mm||General purpose machine gun||United States||Mounted use on HMMWV.|
|Heavy Machine Guns|
|Browning M2HB QCB||12.7×99mm||Heavy machine gun||United States||Mounted use; small numbers.|
|Heavy machine gun||Romania||Mainly mounted use (tanks, URO VAMTAC and Humvee), but also on tripod.|
|DMRs and Sniper Rifles|
|PSL||7.62×54mmR||Designated marksman rifle||Romania||Looks similar to the Russian SVD, but actually based on AK-47 mechanism; also available in 7.62×51mm.|
|ArmaLite AR-10 SuperSASS||7.62×51mm||Sniper rifle||United States||Used by special forces.|
|Brügger & Thomet APR||7.62×51mm||Sniper rifle||Switzerland||Used by special forces.|
|Barrett M82||12.7×99mm||Anti-materiel rifle/sniper rifle||United States||Used by special forces.|
|AG-40||40mm||Grenade launcher||Romania||P version in 40×47mm and PN version in 40×46mm NATO.|
|F-1||F-1 grenade||Defensive grenade||Romania|
|M-92||M-92 grenade||Offensive grenade||Romania|
|RKG-3||Anti-tank grenade||Romania||RKG-3E (EM) version.|
|GMM||GMM grenade||Multifunctional grenade||Romania||Defensive, offensive and HEAT variants.|
|MAI-75||Pressure activated blast mine||Romania||1940||For training purposes only.|
|MAI-68||Pressure activated blast mine||Romania||120+120||120 with disc and 120 without disc. For training purposes only.|
|MAI-6||Pressure activated blast mine||Romania||90||For training purposes only.|
|MAI-2||Trip wire fragmentation mine||Romania||110||For training purposes only.|
|MSS||Bounding fragmentation mine||Romania||120||For training purposes only.|
|MAT-62B||Anti-tank blast mine||Romania||Unknown|
|MAT-76||Anti-tank blast mine||Romania||Unknown|
|F-16||United States||Multirole Fighter Aircraft||F-16 AM/BM block 15 MLU||12+5||12 bought from Portugal and entered service during 2016-2017. Contract for a further of 5 aircraft from Portugal, signed and ratified, first 4 to arrive in 2020 and the last in 2021. Another 36 aircraft of newer variants are to be ordered by Romania.|
|MiG-21 LanceR||Soviet Union||Fighter Aircraft||MiG-21 LanceR A
MiG-21 LanceR B
MiG-21 LanceR C
98 in total including those in storage.
|An-26||Soviet Union||Cargo/Transport aircraft||An-26||2|
|An-30||Soviet Union||Reconnaissance Aircraft||An-30||2||Aerial cartography for Treaty on Open Skies.|
|C-130||United States||Cargo/Transport aircraft||C-130H||3 (4)||At least three in service and one retired and used for spare parts.|
|Boeing C-17 Globemaster III||United States||Strategic Transport||3 shared within NATO's Heavy Airlift Wing.||Heavy Airlift Wing (HAW) is part of the SAC group which includes 10 NATO nations—Bulgaria, Estonia, Hungary, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, United States—and Partnership for Peace members Sweden and Finland. They will share acquisition and operating costs for the eventual fleet of three C-17s over the nearly 30-year agreement.|
|IAR 99||Romania||Trainer Aircraft/Reconnaissance aircraft||IAR-99
|Used for training, reconnaissance and close in air support missions. IAR-99C Șoim is an upgraded variant with modern avionics. Upgrade to Super Șoim standard is expected.|
|Iak-52||Romania||Trainer Aircraft||Iak-52||14||Licensed-built Yak-52 by Aerostar.|
|IAR 316||Romania||Training Helicopter||IAR-316||6||Out of a total of 125, a single squadron remains operational as a training unit at Boboc.|
|IAR 330||Romania||Utility Helicopter||IAR-330 Puma L/M||35|
|Attack Helicopter||IAR-330 SOCAT||24||The IAR-330M and SOCAT are modernised variants.|
|RQ-7||United States||UAV||Shadow-600||7||11 initially, 4 crashed (1 in country, 3 in Iraq).|
|Northrop Grumman RQ-4 Global Hawk||United States||Reconnaissance Aircraft||Block 40||0 (shared)||5 ordered, first drone to be delivered in the third quarter of 2019.|
|ScanEagle||United States||UAV||10||Used in Afghanistan|
|MIM-104 Patriot||United States||surface-to-air missile||- 56 PAC-2 GEM-T missiles
- 168 PAC-3 MSE missiles
|0||Romania will be the 14th Patriot customer worldwide. First system to arrive in 2020. Of the total 7 systems, 4 will be for the Air Force.|
|S-60||Soviet Union||57 mm anti-aircraft gun||CRT 1RL-35M1||250||Will be replaced with SHORAD systems. Still used for training as of 2010.|
|MIM-23||United States||surface-to-air missile||Hawk PIP-III R||224||8 batteries. To be modernized to the HAWK XXI or an equivalent standard by 2018.|
|S-75||Soviet Union||surface-to-air missile||S-75 M3 "Volhov"||6 batteries; 18 or 20 initially delivered by USSR between 1963–1967, modernized three times since then. Towed by Soviet era ZIL 131 trucks.|
|AN/FPS-117||United States||radar||AN/FPS-117E (T)
3 (+2 on order)
|3-dimensional air search radar; in service since 1998.|
|P-18||Soviet Union||radar||P-18||2-dimensional air search radar; in service since 1977; mounted on Ural-375D chassis.|
|P-37||Soviet Union||radar||P-37 Bar Lock||2D E band/F band radar; in service since 1975.|
|TPS-79|| United States
|radar||TPS-79(R)||19||3-dimensional air search radar. in service since late 2004. Towed by DAC 665 T utility truck.|
|PRV-13||Soviet Union||Radar altimeter||PRV-13||In service since 1978.|
|Submarine (1 in service)|
|Kilo||Conventional Submarine||Delfinul||Soviet Union||1985||The submarine is not operational and is currently waiting to go through repairs and modernization, although actual official details have not been made public.|
|Frigates (3 in service)|
|Type 22||Multipurpose Frigates||F-221 Regele Ferdinand
F-222 Regina Maria
|The frigates are currently in the second phase of the modernization program.|
|Mărășești||Multipurpose Frigate||F-111 Mărășești||Romania||1992|
|Corvettes (4 in service)|
|Tetal-I||Multipurpose corvettes||F-263 Vice-Amiral Eugeniu Roșca
F-260 Amiral Petre Bărbuneanu
|Tetal-II||Multipurpose corvettes||F-264 Contraamiral Eustațiu Sebastian
F-265 Contraamiral Horia Macellariu
|Missile corvettes (3 in service)|
|Zborul||Missile corvettes||F-188 Zborul
|Fast Attack Craft (3 in service)|
|Epitrop||Torpedo boats||F-202 Smeul
|Romania||Based on the Soviet Osa-class missile boat.|
|Mine Warfare (5 in service)|
|Musca||Minesweepers||F-24 Lt. Remus Lepri
F-25 Lt. Lupu Dinescu
F-29 Lt. Dimitrie Nicolescu
F-30 Slt. Alexandru Axente
|Cosar||Minelayer||F-274 Vice-Amiral Constantin Bălescu||Romania||1981|
|River monitors (3 in service)|
|Mihail Kogălniceanu||River Monitors||F-45 Mihail Kogălniceanu
F-46 Ion C. Brătianu
F-47 Lascăr Catargiu
|Gunboats (5 in service)|
|Smârdan||Armoured patrol boats||F-176 Rahova
|Patrol boats (12 in service)|
|VD 141||Patrol boats||F-142
|Romania||1980||Organized in two sections, one based at Brăila and the other one at Tulcea .|
|4K51 RUBEZH||Anti-ship mobile missile launcher (P-21/22 - P15 Termit)||Soviet Union||4||4 mobile launchers on MAZ - 543 8X8 platforms.|
|Romania||1979||Constanța is allocated to the Frigate Flotilla and Midia is used as a Navy Divers training ship.|
|Gorch Fock||Sail Training Ship||Mircea||Nazi Germany||1938|
|Venus||Navy Divers ship||Venus||Romania||N/A|
|Jupiter||Navy Divers ship||Jupiter||Romania||N/A|
|Grigore Antipa||Survey ship||Grigore Antipa||Romania||1980||Used mainly as a Navy Divers ship.|
|Project 1395||Hydrographics ship||Cpt. cdor. Alexandru Cătuneanu||Romania||1993|
|Project 1395||Sea-going Tugboat||Grozavul||Romania||1993|
|Stan Tug 1606||Sea-going Tugboat||Vârtosul
|Project 1407||Oil tanker||TMM-531||Romania||N/A|
|Project 406/3||Oil tanker||Tulcea TMM-532||Romania||1992|
|IAR 330||Romania||Maritime helicopter||Puma Naval SOCAT||3||Include the SOCAT upgrade package; the Navy Pumas also have flotation gear fitted under the nose and main undercarriage fairings. Currently operated from Navy frigates for search and rescue, medevac, maritime surveillance missions and ASW.|
Proposed Purchases (future)Edit
These are requests, prototypes and weapons under development/testing which could enter in the Romanian military.
|HIMARS||United States||Tactical ballistic missile system||54||The Government of Romania had issued a request for 54 HIMARS launchers, which was approved by the US Congress. The approved Foreign Military Sale also included 162 GMLRS warheads, 54 ATACMS missiles, 30 LCRR practice rockets, and 24 Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data Systems, plus 30 Humvees and logistics vehicles. In February 2018 the Romanian government approved the purchase. The contract for the first 18 launchers was awarded in August 2018, with an expected completion date of 2020.|
|TBT 8x8 Agilis||Romania||Armored Fighting Vehicle||Infantry Fighting Vehicle
120 mm mortar
|400||Designed along with Rheinmetall. First vehicles should roll out in 2020.|
|AH-1Z Viper||United States||Attack helicopter||24||The first of the 24 will be purchased from the US and the rest will be produced by IAR Braşov.|
|Bell UH-1Y Venom||United States||Armed utility helicopter||21||The first of the 21 will be purchased from the US and the rest will be produced by IAR Braşov.|
|Leopard 2||Germany||Main Battle Tank||30-40||In December 2018, the Romanian Army expressed its interest in replacing its current inventory of aging T-55 tanks with Leopard 2 models.|
|F-16||United States||Multirole Fighter Aircraft||5+36||First 5 to complete RoAF 53rd squadron, probably the same variant as those already in service. Romania stated it is in talks with Portugal for this purchase. The rest could be newer versions, probably block 50/52 or 70/72, but no official details have been offered.|
|T-72||Main battle tank||Soviet Union||30||T-72M variant; 28 tanks (5 operational, 23 need repairs) are for sale. Originally bought from Israel which captured the units in 1973.|
|2S1||122mm self-propelled howitzer||Soviet Union||6||In storage since 2005.|
|Md. 89||122mm self-propelled howitzer||Romania||41||2S1 turret on MLI-84 chassis. In storage since 2005.|
|M 1993||98mm mountain howitzer||Romania||23||Replaced with the M1982 120mm mortars in 2004.|
|M82||130mm towed gun||Romania||75||72 pieces for sale. Licensed built after the Chinese Type 59-1, itself a copy of the Soviet 130 mm towed field gun M1954 M-46. Romania also produced a 76mm mountain gun designated M82 and a 120 mm mortar designated M 1982.|
|ML-20||152mm gun-howitzer||Soviet Union||4|
|ZSU-57-2||57mm anti-aircraft double gun||Soviet Union||60|
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