Equipment of the Romanian Armed Forces

This is a list of equipment of the Romanian Armed Forces currently in service and storage.

Vehicular Land ForcesEdit

Model Image Origin Type Variant Numbers Details
Main Battle Tanks [1]
TR-85     Romania Main battle tank TR-85
TR-85M1 Bizon
226
54
The upgraded TR-85M1 version (1999-) is heavily modified to meet NATO standards.
TR-580     Romania Main battle tank TR-580 23 Romanian version of Soviet T-55 tank.
T-55/TR-77-580     Soviet Union/  Romania Main battle tank T-55AM
T-55AM2
TR-77-580
372
Infantry Fighting Vehicles
MLI-84     Romania Infantry fighting vehicle MLI-84
MLI-84M Jder
23
101[2]
Licensed built BMP-1 with a number of modifications. MLI-84 Jder is the modernized version, equipped with a 25 mm Oerlikon KBA cannon and Spike missiles.
Mowag Piranha V      Switzerland /   Romania Armored Fighting vehicle Infantry Fighting Vehicle
120 mm mortar
Command Post
CBRN
Ambulance
Recovery Vehicle
36[3] 227 AFV on order on six variants, 8 arrived in November, 2018.30 will be manufactured in Switzerland and 197 in Bucharest at Uzina Mecanica Bucuresti.[4]
Armoured Personnel Carriers
Mowag Piranha      Switzerland Armoured personnel carrier Piranha IIIC 43[2] Up-armoured with armour kits from Plasan Sasa (Israel).[5]
TAB B33 Zimbru     Romania Armoured personnel carrier 69[2][6] Licensed built BTR-80 with a number of modifications.
TAB-77     Romania Armoured personnel carrier TAB-77M
TAB-77A
TAB-77A-PCOMA
TERA-77L
155[2] Romanian produced version of the BTR-70 with a number of modifications.
TAB-71     Romania Armoured personnel carrier TAB-71M
TAB-71A
TAB-71AR
TERA-71L
401[2] Licensed built BTR-60 with a number of modifications. Will be replaced by the future TBT 8×8 APV, currently in development.
TABC-79     Romania Armoured personnel carrier TAB-C
TAB-79A-PCOMA
TAB-79AR
401[2]
MLVM     Romania Armoured personnel carrier MLVM
MLVM M
MLVM-AR
ABAL
Ambulance
76[2] Infantry fighting vehicle for mountainous terrain. Classified as an armoured personnel carrier by UN because of its light armour and armament. Used by the vânători de munte units.
MT-LB     Soviet Union Armoured personnel carrier SNAR-10 "Jaguar"
SNAR-10M "Pantera"
8[6][7] Artillery/mortar locating radar.
Multi-Purpose Armoured Vehicles
HMMWV     United States Multi-purpose armoured vehicle M1113
M1114
M1165
M1151
322: 200 deployed in Afghanistan[8] Up-armoured M1113, M1165 is used by ISAF troops in Afghanistan. M1114 is used by Military Police. M1151 is used by Romanian Land Force.
URO VAMTAC     Spain Multi-purpose armoured vehicle S3, S3-HD 80[9]
20
Mainly used by Special Forces; S3-HD variant with light up-armour.
Wolf Armoured Vehicle     Israel Multi-purpose armoured vehicle 3[9] Used by the Military Police.
Panhard PVP     France Multi-purpose armoured vehicle 16[10]
MRAPs
Cougar     United States Mine Resistant Ambush Protected Vehicle Cougar 6x6 5 Provided by the United States, used by the EOD.
International MaxxPro     United States Mine Resistant Ambush Protected Vehicle MaxxPro Dash 60[8] Provided by the United States, used by the Special Forces in Afghanistan.[11]
Carmor Hurricane   Israel MRAP 3[9] Used by E.O.D troops.
Engineering Vehicles
DMT-85M1     Romania Armored engineer vehicle 5[12] Armoured engineer vehicle based on the TR-85M1 chassis with a new, fixed superstructure, a 6.5t crane and a Pearson's TWMP mine clearing plough. The commander has a cupola with RWS. Five were built between 2007 and 2009.
TER TR-85   Romania Armoured recovery vehicle Unknown[9] Based on TR-85 chassis. Will be replaced with a version based on TR-85M1 chassis, currently in development.
TEHEVAC MLI-84M Romania Unknown Based on MLI-84M chassis. Crane load is 2200 kg.[13]
BPZ-2     Germany Armoured recovery vehicle 3[8] Delivered as offset for Gepard SPAAG by KMW[14]
PMA     East Germany Armoured vehicle-launched bridge BLG-67M Unknown Will be replaced with a version based on TR-85M1 chassis, currently in development. Used by military engineering units.[15]
NX 7 B3   France Trench digger Unknown Used by military engineering units.[16]
MFRD     France Counter-mobility vehicle Unknown Used by military engineering units.[17]
AMT 125     Romania Crane truck Unknown[9] Used by military engineering units.
AMT 950     Romania Crane truck Unknown[9] Used by military engineering units.
Autogreder     Romania Road grader[9] AG-180 Unknown Used by military engineering units.
Ł34     Poland Wheeled loader Unknown[9] Used by military engineering units.
Bulldozer     Romania Bulldozer S.1500L.S. Unknown[9] Used by military engineering units.
VW Transporter     Germany Van SIBCRA Unknown[9] Sampling and Identification of Biological, Chemical and Radiological Agents vehicle.[18]
Mercedes Benz Sprinter     Germany Van Unknown Used for transport and radio stations. Newly added.
Unarmoured Multi-Purpose Vehicles
Chevrolet LSSV Tahoe     United States Four-wheel drive command vehicle 17[9] Equipped with Harris radio equipment.
Land Rover Defender     United Kingdom Four-wheel Drive Multi-Purpose Vehicle Unknown Used by Military Police in Bosnia and Herzegovina as part of SFOR.[19]
Dacia Duster     Romania Four-wheel Drive Multi-Purpose Vehicle Unknown Increasing numbers. One has been modified for use as CBRNE vehicle.[20]
Polaris ATV   United States Light all-terrain vehicle Ranger 6x6

Sportsman 4x4

Used by special forces and troops.
Trucks
DAC     Romania Truck 665T/G 6×6
443T 4×4
887R 8×8
11.154 4×4
12.135 6×6
15.240 6×6
16.220 4×4
31.310 8×8
352 The DAC 665T chassis is also used for APR-40 multiple rocket launcher, while the slightly improved APRA-40 is based on DAC 15.215 DFAEG.[21]
ROMAN     Romania Truck 16.310 FAEG
22.310 DFAEG
26.360 DFAEG
26.410 DFAEG
124 chassis for weapons systems like LAROM, ATROM, as Rocket Containers Transport and Load Vehicle, to carry command posts and weather stations and various others transport duties.
IVECO     Italy Truck Iveco DV High Mobility Truck 6X6 (173) 200+[22] Increasing numbers in 6x6 and 8x8 configurations. Used for vehicle transport, cargo etc. Another contract for 942 units signed. They are to be produced by Iveco locally. In total 2902 units desired[23]

Special equipmentEdit

Model Image Type Origin Numbers Details
Army Watercraft
DPM-4   Minelayer   Romania Unknown Towed by DAC 6×6 trucks. Used by military engineering units.[24]
BP-10   Assault boat   Romania Unknown Paddled for silent approach or fitted with an outboard motor.[25] Capacity: 10 soldiers
Zodiac MK3   Assault boat   France Unknown Equipped with Evinrude Etec 50 hp engine.[15]
PR-71   Pontoon bridge   Romania Unknown Used by military engineering units.[26]
ST 140   Utility armoured motorboat   Romania Unknown[9] 3.5 tons, 8–10 mm armour, 140 hp engine. Used by military engineering units for maneuvering pontoons, it can also transport up to 20 soldiers.
MLC 240 Self-propelled barge   Romania 4[27] Used by military engineering units.
MLC 300   Ferryboat   Romania 4[27] Used by military engineering units.

ArtilleryEdit

Model Image Caliber Origin Numbers Details
Mortars
M 1988   60mm   Romania Unknown There are also two 2001 versions: a commando version and an extended range version.
M 1977   82mm   Romania 1,214[2] Also available in 81 mm caliber.
M 1982   120mm   Romania 316[2]
Howitzers
M82   76mm   Romania 154[2] Mountain howitzer used by vânători de munte units. Based on the Yugoslav M48.
M30   122mm   Soviet Union 218[2]
M81   152mm   Romania 320[2] Licensed built after the Soviet 152 mm howitzer D-20.
M85   152mm   Romania 116[2] A variant of the M81 howitzer, with performance similar to the 2A65 "Msta-B".
Rocket Launchers
LAROM   Multiple Rocket Launcher   Romania/  Israel 54[2] Based on the APRA-40 Model 1988 122C.
M142[28]   Tactical ballistic missile system   United States 54[citation needed] First system will arrive in 2020.
APR 40   Multiple Rocket Launcher   Romania 135[2][29] Romanian improved version of BM-21 Grad; further developed into APRA-40.

Anti-TankEdit

Model Image Type Origin Numbers Details
Towed Guns
M 1977   100mm towed anti-tank gun   Romania 208[6][7] Upgraded with modern day and night fire control system.
Anti-Tank Launcher Vehicles
9P122 "Malyutka"   ATGM Launcher Vehicle   Soviet Union 90[6] 12 9P122 Sagger B and 78 9P133 Sagger C
9P148 "Konkurs"   ATGM Launcher Vehicle   Soviet Union 48[6] Also capable of firing the 9K111 Fagot missile.
Shoulder-Fired/Mounted Weapons
Spike Anti-tank missile   Israel 2000+[30] Spike ER and Spike LR. Used on MLI-84M Jderul, IAR 330 Puma SOCAT and in portable format

for ground troops.[31]

AG-7   Rocket propelled grenade   Romania Unknown[9] Romanian version of RPG-7; standard anti-tank weapon at infantry squad level.
AG-9   73mm Recoilless rifle   Romania Unknown[9] Romanian version of SPG-9; sometimes mounted on ARO 4×4 vehicles.
9K111 Fagot   Anti-tank missile   Soviet Union Unknown Acquired in the 1980s.
M72A5 LAW   Light anti-tank weapon   Norway 24[32] Bought from Nammo Raufoss AS, Norway. Used by special forces.

Anti-AircraftEdit

Model Image Type Origin Numbers Details
Anti-aircraft artillery
ZU-2   2×14.5mm anti-aircraft machine gun   Romania Unknown Romanian manufactured version. There is also a 4x14.5mm version called the MR-4,[33] essentially a ZPU-4, but with a two-wheel carriage designed locally.[34]
M 1980/88   2×30mm anti-aircraft gun   Romania 300[9]
Oerlikon GDF-003   2×35mm anti-aircraft gun    Switzerland 72[6][29]
Gepard   Self-propelled anti-aircraft gun   Germany 36[6] Plus 7 vehicles for spare parts.
Surface-to-air missiles
MIM-104 Patriot   Mobile long-range surface-to-air missile   United States - 56 PAC-2 GEM-T missiles

- 168 PAC-3 MSE missiles

Romania will be the 14th Patriot customer worldwide. First system to arrive in 2020.[35][36] Of the total 7 systems, 3 will be for the Land Forces.
MIM-23 HAWK   Mobile medium-range surface-to-air missile   United States - 72 launchers with 223 rockets Entered service in 2003.
2K12 Kub   Tracked medium-range surface-to-air missile system   Soviet Union 40[9] 8 batteries.
9K33 OSA   6×6 amphibious SAM system   Soviet Union 24[9] 4 batteries of 9K33M3 "OSA-AKM" type (16 9A33B TELAR and
8 9T217 transloader vehicles).
CA-95   Amphibious Short-range surface-to-air missile system   Romania 48[9] Licensed built 9K31 Strela-1 (NATO designation SA-9 "Gaskin")
using a TABC-79 vehicle instead of BRDM-2.
CA-94   MANPAD   Romania 288[2] Including CA-94M modernized version, and 6 regular Strela-2s.

FirearmsEdit

Model Image Caliber Type Origin Details
Pistols
Pistol md. 1995   9×19mm Pistol   Romania Not to be confused with Carpati model 1995. Standard service pistol.
Pistol md. 2000   9×19mm Pistol   Romania Modernized version of Pistol md. 1995.
Glock 17   9×19mm Pistol   Austria Used by troops on deployment and several special operations units.
Submachine Guns
HK MP5   9×19mm Submachine gun   Germany Used by special forces.
HK UMP9   9×19mm Submachine gun   Germany Used by special forces.
Uzi   9×19mm Submachine gun   Israel MiniUzi used by military police.[37]
Assault Rifles
PA md. 86   5.45×39mm Assault rifle   Romania Standard service rifle in TOs, it is being replaced by the ARX 160 A3.
PM md. 63/65/90   7.62×39mm Assault rifle   Romania Romanian Navy and Army reserve. Will be replaced by the ARX 160 A3
Beretta ARX 160   5.56×45mm NATO Assault Rifle   Italy   Romania The Romanian Armed Forces have chosen the ARX 160 A3 to replace the old AKM of the Romanian Land Forces. Production should start in Autumn 2019 at Uzina Plopeni (ROMARM).
HK G36   5.56×45mm assault rifle   Germany Used by special forces.
SIG 551 LB   5.56×45mm Assault rifle    Switzerland Used by special forces.
Steyr AUG   5.56×45mm Assault rifle   Austria Used by special forces.
M4 carbine   5.56×45mm Assault rifle   United States Used by special forces.
Light Machine Guns
PM md. 93   5.45×39mm Light machine gun   Romania Romanian version of RPK-74.
PM md. 64   7.62×39mm light machine gun   Romania Romanian version of RPK, standard LMG.
M249 light machine gun   5.56×45mm Light machine gun   United States US version of FN MINIMI. Used by special forces.
General-Purpose Machine Guns
Vektor SS-77   7.62×51mm General purpose machine gun   South Africa SS-77 MK1[38]
Mitraliera md. 66   7.62×54mmR General purpose machine gun   Romania Romanian version of PKM, standard GPMG.
M240 machine gun   7.62×51mm General purpose machine gun   United States Mounted use on HMMWV.
Heavy Machine Guns
Browning M2HB QCB   12.7×99mm Heavy machine gun   United States Mounted use; small numbers.
DShK   12.7×108mm or
12.7×99mm
Heavy machine gun   Romania Mainly mounted use (tanks, URO VAMTAC and Humvee), but also on tripod.
DMRs and Sniper Rifles
PSL   7.62×54mmR Designated marksman rifle   Romania Looks similar to the Russian SVD, but actually based on AK-47 mechanism; also available in 7.62×51mm.
ArmaLite AR-10 SuperSASS   7.62×51mm Sniper rifle   United States Used by special forces.
Brügger & Thomet APR   7.62×51mm Sniper rifle    Switzerland Used by special forces.
Barrett M82   12.7×99mm Anti-materiel rifle/sniper rifle   United States Used by special forces.
Grenades
AG-40   40mm Grenade launcher   Romania P version in 40×47mm and PN version in 40×46mm NATO.
F-1 F-1 grenade Defensive grenade   Romania
M-92 M-92 grenade Offensive grenade   Romania
RG-42   Offensive grenade   Romania
RKG-3   Anti-tank grenade   Romania RKG-3E (EM) version.
GMM GMM grenade Multifunctional grenade   Romania Defensive, offensive and HEAT variants.

MinesEdit

Model Image Type Origin Numbers Details
MAI-75 Pressure activated blast mine   Romania 1940[39] For training purposes only.
MAI-68 Pressure activated blast mine   Romania 120+120[39] 120 with disc and 120 without disc. For training purposes only.
MAI-6 Pressure activated blast mine   Romania 90[39] For training purposes only.
MAI-2 Trip wire fragmentation mine   Romania 110[39] For training purposes only.
MSS Bounding fragmentation mine   Romania 120[39] For training purposes only.
MAT-62B Anti-tank blast mine   Romania Unknown
MAT-76 Anti-tank blast mine   Romania Unknown

Air ForceEdit

Model Image Origin Type Variant Numbers Details
Fixed-wing Aircraft
F-16     United States Multirole Fighter Aircraft F-16 AM/BM block 15 MLU 12+5[40] 12 bought from Portugal[41] and entered service during 2016-2017.[42][43] Contract for a further of 5 aircraft from Portugal, signed and ratified, first 4 to arrive in 2020 and the last in 2021.[44] Another 36 aircraft of newer variants are to be ordered by Romania.[45]
MiG-21 LanceR     Soviet Union Fighter Aircraft MiG-21 LanceR A
MiG-21 LanceR B
MiG-21 LanceR C
36[46][47] Ground attack.[48]
Dual-seat trainer.
Air superiority.[48]
98 in total including those in storage.[2]
An-26   Soviet Union Cargo/Transport aircraft An-26 2[49]
An-30     Soviet Union Reconnaissance Aircraft An-30 2[50] Aerial cartography for Treaty on Open Skies.
C-27J     Italy Cargo/Transport aircraft C-27J 7[51]
C-130     United States Cargo/Transport aircraft C-130H 3 (4)[50] At least three in service and one retired and used for spare parts.
Boeing C-17 Globemaster III     United States Strategic Transport 3 shared within NATO's Heavy Airlift Wing.[52] Heavy Airlift Wing (HAW) is part of the SAC group which includes 10 NATO nations—Bulgaria, Estonia, Hungary, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, United States—and Partnership for Peace members Sweden and Finland. They will share acquisition and operating costs for the eventual fleet of three C-17s over the nearly 30-year agreement.
IAR 99     Romania Trainer Aircraft/Reconnaissance aircraft IAR-99
IAR-99C Șoim
10[53]
11[53]
Used for training, reconnaissance and close in air support missions. IAR-99C Șoim is an upgraded variant with modern avionics. Upgrade to Super Șoim standard is expected.
Iak-52     Romania Trainer Aircraft Iak-52 14[54] Licensed-built Yak-52 by Aerostar.
Helicopters
IAR 316     Romania Training Helicopter IAR-316 6[53] Out of a total of 125, a single squadron remains operational as a training unit at Boboc.
IAR 330     Romania Utility Helicopter IAR-330 Puma L/M 35[53]
Attack Helicopter IAR-330 SOCAT 24[2][53] The IAR-330M and SOCAT are modernised variants.
Other
RQ-7     United States UAV Shadow-600 7 11 initially, 4 crashed (1 in country, 3 in Iraq).
Northrop Grumman RQ-4 Global Hawk     United States Reconnaissance Aircraft Block 40 0 (shared) 5 ordered,[55][56] first drone to be delivered in the third quarter of 2019.[57]
ScanEagle     United States UAV 10[58] Used in Afghanistan
MIM-104 Patriot     United States surface-to-air missile - 56 PAC-2 GEM-T missiles

- 168 PAC-3 MSE missiles

0 Romania will be the 14th Patriot customer worldwide. First system to arrive in 2020.[35][36] Of the total 7 systems, 4 will be for the Air Force.
S-60     Soviet Union 57 mm anti-aircraft gun CRT 1RL-35M1 250 Will be replaced with SHORAD systems. Still used for training as of 2010.
MIM-23     United States surface-to-air missile Hawk PIP-III R[10] 224 8 batteries.[53] To be modernized to the HAWK XXI or an equivalent standard by 2018.
S-75     Soviet Union surface-to-air missile S-75 M3 "Volhov" 6 batteries;[53] 18 or 20 initially delivered by USSR between 1963–1967, modernized three times since then.[59] Towed by Soviet era ZIL 131 trucks.
AN/FPS-117     United States radar AN/FPS-117E (T)
TPS-77
5[60]
3 (+2 on order)[61]
3-dimensional air search radar; in service since 1998.
P-18     Soviet Union radar P-18[62] 2-dimensional air search radar; in service since 1977; mounted on Ural-375D chassis.
P-37     Soviet Union radar P-37 Bar Lock 2D E band/F band radar; in service since 1975.
TPS-79     United States
  Romania
radar TPS-79(R) 19 3-dimensional air search radar.[63] in service since late 2004. Towed by DAC 665 T utility truck.
PRV-13     Soviet Union Radar altimeter PRV-13[62] In service since 1978.

Naval forcesEdit

Sea FleetEdit

Class Photo Type Ships Origin Commissioned Note
Submarine (1 in service[64])
Kilo   Conventional Submarine Delfinul   Soviet Union 1985 The submarine is not operational and is currently waiting to go through repairs and modernization, although actual official details have not been made public.
Frigates (3 in service[64])
Type 22   Multipurpose Frigates F-221 Regele Ferdinand
F-222 Regina Maria
  United Kingdom 2004
2005
The frigates are currently in the second phase of the modernization program.
Mărășești   Multipurpose Frigate F-111 Mărășești   Romania 1992
Corvettes (4 in service[64])
Tetal-I   Multipurpose corvettes F-263 Vice-Amiral Eugeniu Roșca
F-260 Amiral Petre Bărbuneanu
  Romania 1987
1983
Tetal-II   Multipurpose corvettes F-264 Contraamiral Eustațiu Sebastian
F-265 Contraamiral Horia Macellariu
  Romania 1988
1989
Missile corvettes (3 in service[64])
Zborul   Missile corvettes F-188 Zborul
F-189 Pescărușul
F-190 Lăstunul
  Soviet Union 1989
1989
1991
Fast Attack Craft (3 in service)
Epitrop Torpedo boats F-202 Smeul
F-204 Vijelia
F-209 Vulcanul
  Romania Based on the Soviet Osa-class missile boat.
Mine Warfare (5 in service[64])
Musca Minesweepers F-24 Lt. Remus Lepri
F-25 Lt. Lupu Dinescu
F-29 Lt. Dimitrie Nicolescu
F-30 Slt. Alexandru Axente
  Romania 1986
1989
1989
1989
Cosar Minelayer F-274 Vice-Amiral Constantin Bălescu   Romania 1981

River FleetEdit

Class Photo Type Ships Origin Commissioned Note
River monitors (3 in service[64])
Mihail Kogălniceanu   River Monitors F-45 Mihail Kogălniceanu
F-46 Ion C. Brătianu
F-47 Lascăr Catargiu
  Romania 1993
1994
1996
Gunboats (5 in service[64])
Smârdan   Armoured patrol boats F-176 Rahova
F-177 Opanez
F-178 Smârdan
F-179 Posada
F-180 Rovine
  Romania 1987
1989
1990
1990
1993
Patrol boats (12 in service[64])
VD 141   Patrol boats F-142
F-143
F-147
F-148
F-149
F-150
F-151
F-153
F-157
F-159
F-163
F-165
  Romania 1980 Organized in two sections, one based at Brăila and the other one at Tulcea .

Coastal DefenseEdit

Model Image Type Origin Numbers Details
4K51 RUBEZH   Anti-ship mobile missile launcher (P-21/22 - P15 Termit)   Soviet Union 4 4 mobile launchers[65] on MAZ - 543 8X8 platforms.

Auxiliary VesselsEdit

Class Photo Type Ships Origin Commissioned Note
Auxiliary Vessels[66]
Croitor Tender F-281 Constanța
F-283 Midia
  Romania 1979 Constanța is allocated to the Frigate Flotilla and Midia is used as a Navy Divers training ship.
Gorch Fock   Sail Training Ship Mircea   Nazi Germany 1938
Venus Navy Divers ship Venus   Romania N/A
Jupiter Navy Divers ship Jupiter   Romania N/A
Egreta   Command ship Egreta   Romania 1985
Grigore Antipa Survey ship Grigore Antipa   Romania 1980 Used mainly as a Navy Divers ship.
Project 1395[67] Hydrographics ship Cpt. cdor. Alexandru Cătuneanu   Romania 1993
Project 1395 Sea-going Tugboat Grozavul   Romania 1993
Stan Tug 1606 Sea-going Tugboat Vârtosul[68][69]
Voinicul[70]
Vanjosul[71]
  Romania 2016
Project 1407 Oil tanker TMM-531   Romania N/A
Project 406/3 Oil tanker Tulcea TMM-532   Romania 1992
Lupeni[72] River Tugboat RF-328   Romania N/A
C417 River Barge C417   Romania N/A

Naval AviationEdit

Model Image Origin Type Variant Numbers Details
IAR 330     Romania Maritime helicopter Puma Naval SOCAT 3[73] Include the SOCAT upgrade package; the Navy Pumas also have flotation gear fitted under the nose and main undercarriage fairings. Currently operated from Navy frigates for search and rescue, medevac, maritime surveillance missions and ASW.[74][75]

Proposed Purchases (future)Edit

These are requests, prototypes and weapons under development/testing which could enter in the Romanian military.

Model Image Origin Type Variant Numbers Details
HIMARS   United States Tactical ballistic missile system 54 The Government of Romania had issued a request for 54 HIMARS launchers, which was approved by the US Congress. The approved Foreign Military Sale also included 162 GMLRS warheads, 54 ATACMS missiles, 30 LCRR practice rockets, and 24 Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data Systems, plus 30 Humvees and logistics vehicles. In February 2018 the Romanian government approved the purchase.[76] The contract for the first 18 launchers was awarded in August 2018, with an expected completion date of 2020.[77]
TBT 8x8 Agilis Romania

Germany

Armored Fighting Vehicle Infantry Fighting Vehicle
120 mm mortar
Command Post
CBRN
Ambulance
Recovery Vehicle
400 Designed along with Rheinmetall. First vehicles should roll out in 2020.[78]
AH-1Z Viper   United States

Romania

Attack helicopter 24 The first of the 24 will be purchased from the US and the rest will be produced by IAR Braşov.[79][80][81]
Bell UH-1Y Venom   United States

Romania

Armed utility helicopter 21 The first of the 21 will be purchased from the US and the rest will be produced by IAR Braşov.[79][80][81]
Leopard 2   Germany Main Battle Tank 30-40 In December 2018, the Romanian Army expressed its interest in replacing its current inventory of aging T-55 tanks with Leopard 2 models.
F-16   United States Multirole Fighter Aircraft 5+36 First 5 to complete RoAF 53rd squadron, probably the same variant as those already in service. Romania stated it is in talks with Portugal for this purchase. The rest could be newer versions, probably block 50/52 or 70/72, but no official details have been offered.[82]

Stored equipmentEdit

Model Image Type Origin Numbers Details
T-72   Main battle tank   Soviet Union 30 T-72M variant;[8] 28 tanks (5 operational, 23 need repairs) are for sale.[83] Originally bought from Israel which captured the units in 1973.[84]
2S1   122mm self-propelled howitzer   Soviet Union 6[2] In storage since 2005.
Md. 89   122mm self-propelled howitzer   Romania 41[2] 2S1 turret on MLI-84 chassis. In storage since 2005.
M 1993   98mm mountain howitzer   Romania 23[2] Replaced with the M1982 120mm mortars in 2004.
M82   130mm towed gun   Romania 75[85] 72 pieces for sale.[7][83] Licensed built after the Chinese Type 59-1, itself a copy of the Soviet 130 mm towed field gun M1954 M-46. Romania also produced a 76mm mountain gun designated M82 and a 120 mm mortar designated M 1982.
ML-20   152mm gun-howitzer   Soviet Union 4[2]
ZSU-57-2   57mm anti-aircraft double gun   Soviet Union 60[8]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "United Nations Register of Conventional Arms". United Nations. Retrieved 2020-04-06.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v "United Nations Register of Conventional Arms". United Nations. 14 August 2017. p. 49. Archived from the original on 2018-08-30. Retrieved 30 August 2018.
  3. ^ Template:Https://m.defenseromania.ro/program-piranha-v-ministrul-ciuca-confirma-primul-batalion-de-infanterie-dotat-cu-blindate 601380.html
  4. ^ "Contract signed for Piranha V TBT8x8". Archived from the original on 2018-01-14. Retrieved 2018-01-13.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-10-22. Retrieved 2017-01-27.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ a b c d e f g International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2012, page 148.
  7. ^ a b c "The Military Balance - IISS". Archived from the original on 2013-01-19. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
  8. ^ a b c d e "Trade Registers". Archived from the original on 2010-04-14. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Romania Army, National Security and Defense Policy Handbook Volume 1
  10. ^ a b "Programe DPA". Archived from the original on 2014-04-27. Retrieved 24 April 2014.
  11. ^ "Comunicat de Presă Nr. 245" (in Romanian). Ministry of Defense (mapn.ro). 4 October 2010. Archived from the original on 2012-03-14. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
  12. ^ Berbece, Claudiu (22 September 2011). "FOTO Robotul care descoperă "bombele murdare" şi gigantul care sapă după mine. Vezi şi celelalte atracţii de la EXPOMIL". România Liberă (in Romanian). Archived from the original on 2011-10-02. Retrieved 3 June 2012.
  13. ^ "TEHEVAC MLI-84 | MINISTERUL APĂRĂRII NAŢIONALE". www.forter.ro. Archived from the original on 2017-12-29. Retrieved 2017-12-28.
  14. ^ Belciuganu, Răzvan (9 November 2009). "Blindat străbun livrat de bun (Ancient armour delivered)". Jurnalul Național (in Romanian). jurnalul.ro. Archived from the original on 2014-04-21. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
  15. ^ a b Crauciuc, Dan. "Echipamente de geniu folosite pentru trecerea cursurilor de apă (River crossings equipment of engineer units)". Revista Forțelor Terestre (in Romanian). rft.forter.ro. Archived from the original on 2012-03-20. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
  16. ^ "Excavator de transee NX 7 B3" (in Romanian). forter.ro. Archived from the original on 26 May 2012. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
  17. ^ "Masina de forat rapid pentru distrugeri" (in Romanian). forter.ro. Archived from the original on 26 May 2012. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
  18. ^ "Revista Fortelor Terestre • Ultima ora • Testarea si evaluarea operationala a autospecialei SIBCRA". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 20 November 2016.
  19. ^ "Military Police Capabilities". politia.forter.ro. Archived from the original on 2012-03-05. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
  20. ^ "Duster - CBRNE - Romania Military". Romania Military (in Romanian). 2017-10-08. Archived from the original on 2017-12-28. Retrieved 2017-12-28.
  21. ^ "Automobile Romanesti - Roman - Autovehicule militare". Archived from the original on 2014-04-21. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
  22. ^ "Armata cumpara 173 de camioane militare 6X6 de la IVECO pentru circa 128 de milioane de lei". HotNewsRo (in Romanian). Archived from the original on 2018-02-19. Retrieved 2018-02-18.
  23. ^ https://m.defenseromania.ro/mapn-iveco_600717.html. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  24. ^ "Distribuitor plantator de mine" (in Romanian). Brigada 10 Geniu "Dunărea de Jos". Retrieved 17 June 2012.
  25. ^ "Barcă de asalt BP-10" (in Romanian). Brigada 10 Geniu "Dunărea de Jos". Retrieved 17 June 2012.
  26. ^ Rădulescu, Bogdan (2012). "Pod peste timp" (PDF). Observator Militar (in Romanian). www.presamil.ro. p. 6. Retrieved 17 June 2012.[permanent dead link]
  27. ^ a b http://www.cpge.ro/scdra/Publicatii_files/Revista%20Ge_2014.pdf
  28. ^ "Saint-Gobain Crystals delivers transparent armor for M142 HIMARS windshields and door windows". November 8, 2013.
  29. ^ a b "Romanian Armed Forces". European Defense Information. Armed Forces.co.uk. Archived from the original on 2012-12-28. Retrieved 21 April 2014.
  30. ^ "Mijloace antitanc - Romania Military". Romania Military (in Romanian). 2016-01-14. Archived from the original on 2018-02-19. Retrieved 2018-02-18.
  31. ^ "Romania a cumparat armament antitanc de 110 milioane de euro de la un consortiu germano-israelian". HotNewsRo (in Romanian). Archived from the original on 2018-02-19. Retrieved 2018-02-18.
  32. ^ "Buletinul Contractelor de Achiziții Publice, anul 5, Nr.1" (PDF) (in Romanian). DPA (Armaments Department). 11 June 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 March 2012. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
  33. ^ Cer senin, nr. 1 (120), 2012, Editura CTEA, ISSN 1582-6317, p. 34
  34. ^ "14.5mm ZU-2/MR-4 Romania, Towed anti-aircraft guns". Jane's Land-Based Air Defence. Janes.com. 4 April 2011. Archived from the original on 2012-07-01. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
  35. ^ a b "It's official: Romania signs deal to buy US missile defense system". 29 November 2017.
  36. ^ a b "Romania a cumparat Patriot. Detalii despre avantajele achizitiei (Raytheon Advertorial)". 12 December 2017. Archived from the original on 2017-12-20. Retrieved 2017-12-20.
  37. ^ "Politia Militara". Archived from the original on 2016-04-18. Retrieved 20 November 2016.
  38. ^ http://www.dpa.ro/images/buletinul_contractelor/2009/bc2009_1.pdf
  39. ^ a b c d e "Annual Article 7 Report (2010)" (PDF). UN Office for Disarmament Affairs. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2014-04-21. Retrieved 17 June 2012.
  40. ^ "Pe 28 septembrie – preluarea oficială a avioanelor F-16 | InfoMondo Militar". militar.infomondo.ro. Retrieved 2016-09-25.
  41. ^ "World Air Forces 2014" (PDF). Flightglobal Insight. 2014. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2013-12-25. Retrieved 14 August 2014.
  42. ^ "The first six upgraded F-16s will arrive in Romania by end-September - The Romania Journal". www.romaniajournal.ro. Archived from the original on 2016-09-27. Retrieved 2016-09-25.
  43. ^ "Ultimele trei avioane de vanatoare F-16 Fighting Falcon din escadrila de 12 vor fi preluate de catre Fortele Aeriene Romane". www.hotnews.ro. Archived from the original on 2017-09-27. Retrieved 2017-09-27.
  44. ^ https://www.romania-insider.com/romania-more-f16-portugal. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  45. ^ "Detalii despre achizitia de noi avioane de vanatoare / Fifor: Inca 4 aeronave sa completam escadrila de F-16 pe care o avem. In proiectie avem inca 36 de avioane F-16". HotNewsRo (in Romanian). Archived from the original on 2018-02-23. Retrieved 2018-02-23.
  46. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-06-21. Retrieved 2015-06-23.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  47. ^ http://www.cbs46.com/story/35640812/romanian-military-fighter-jet-crashes-in-field-pilot-ejects[permanent dead link]
  48. ^ a b (in Romanian) "MiG 21 on RoAF" Archived 2014-02-13 at the Wayback Machine
  49. ^ Cite error: The named reference World Air Forces 2020 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  50. ^ a b "World Air Forces 2015 pg. 27". Flightglobal Insight. 2015. Archived from the original on 2015-03-24. Retrieved 11 June 2015.
  51. ^ "INFORMAŢIE DE PRESĂ O nouă aeronavă C-27J SPARTAN pentru Forţele Aeriene Române (12.01.2015)". Archived from the original on 2015-01-12.
  52. ^ "SAC Nato". Archived from the original on 2014-12-21. Retrieved 2014-12-21.
  53. ^ a b c d e f g International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010, page 158.
  54. ^ Cite error: The named reference World Air Forces 2019 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  55. ^ "Alliance Ground Surveillance (AGS)" (PDF). July 2016.
  56. ^ Insider, Romania (9 June 2015). "Romania pays EUR 25 mln for NATO's new spy plane". Archived from the original on 15 August 2016. Retrieved 20 November 2016.
  57. ^ "NATO to receive first Northrop surveillance drone, years late". Reuters. 18 March 2019.
  58. ^ "Scan Eagle Modifications and Repairs - FMS Romania - Federal Business Opportunities: Opportunities". Retrieved 20 November 2016.
  59. ^ "S-75 M3 "Volhov" - Romanian Air Force". Archived from the original on 20 December 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
  60. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2015-07-26.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  61. ^ "Noi achizitii militare de circa 30 de milioane de euro facute de Romania: Armata cumpara inca doua radare mobile TPS-77 pentru apararea aeriana de la Lockheed Martin si sisteme de rachete antitanc portabile Spike - Hotnews". Archived from the original on 2018-02-08. Retrieved 8 February 2018.
  62. ^ a b "TRAGERI cu RACHETE AMERICANE la unitatea care APĂRĂ Bucureștiului. HARTA cu SISTEMELE ANTIAERIENE din România". 21 April 2015. Archived from the original on 2016-11-20. Retrieved 20 November 2016.
  63. ^ "Gap Filler - Romanian Air Force". Archived from the original on 20 December 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
  64. ^ a b c d e f g h IISS 2010, p. 157
  65. ^ "Istoria artileriei romane: 4 K51 RUBEJ (Frontiera) - Romania Military". Romania Military (in Romanian). 2012-02-20. Archived from the original on 2017-03-03. Retrieved 2017-03-03.
  66. ^ "Fortele Navale Romne". Archived from the original on 25 April 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
  67. ^ "Telegraf Online Constanta - Marina vrea s modernizeze nava "cpt.cdor. Alexandru Ctuneanu"". telegrafonline.ro. Archived from the original on 2014-12-20. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
  68. ^ ""Vârtosul" sparge gheaţa în Forţele Navale: prima navă nouă după 20 de ani". 13 April 2016. Retrieved 20 November 2016.
  69. ^ "Forțele Navale s-au înnoit cu un remorcher - "Vârtosul" - Constanța News". Archived from the original on 2016-04-20. Retrieved 20 November 2016.
  70. ^ "După "Vârtosul", "Voinicul" intră în serviciul Forţelor Navale". 10 June 2016. Retrieved 20 November 2016.
  71. ^ ""Vanjosul", al treilea remorcher maritim care a intrat in serviciul Fortelor Navale, a fost botezat de Ziua Portilor Deschise". Archived from the original on 2016-09-17. Retrieved 20 November 2016.
  72. ^ ""LUPENI" class military tug - Romanian Navy after 1945, Danube Fleet - Romania - The Community Forum". Archived from the original on 2014-12-20. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
  73. ^ "Trei elicoptere Puma Socat pentru fregatele Marinei Militare - Romania Libera". Archived from the original on 2016-02-03. Retrieved 20 November 2016.
  74. ^ "IAR Ghimbav successfully completes PUMA Naval programme:IAR 330 Puma Naval helicopter, among world's top 10 ASW helicopters - Nine O`Clock". Archived from the original on 2016-02-04. Retrieved 20 November 2016.
  75. ^ "PUMA for Romanian Navy ASW and ASuW missions". Archived from the original on 20 January 2015. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
  76. ^ "Romania – High Mobility Artillery Rocket Systems (HIMARS) and Related Support and Equipment | The Official Home of the Defense Security Cooperation Agency". www.dsca.mil. Archived from the original on 2017-12-22. Retrieved 2017-12-27.
  77. ^ Fiorenza, Nicholas (10 August 2018). "First 18 HIMARS ordered for Romania". www.janes.com. London: IHS Janes. Archived from the original on 2018-08-11. Retrieved 12 August 2018.
  78. ^ "Agilis 8x8. - Romania Military". Romania Military (in Romanian). 2017-11-12. Archived from the original on 2018-07-23. Retrieved 2017-12-27.
  79. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-07-23. Retrieved 2018-07-23.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  80. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-07-23. Retrieved 2018-07-23.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  81. ^ a b http://www.monitorulexpres.ro/?mod=monitorulexpres&p=eveniment&s_id=182013&%84Productia-de-elicoptere-de-atac-si-utilitare-la-Brasov-va-crea-locuri-de-munca%93
  82. ^ "Ministrul Apărării despre achiziția altor cinci avioane F-16 de la Portugalia: 'Sunt discuții foarte avansate. Sper ca aceste documente să le finalizăm în cursul acestui an' - Defense". HotNews.ro (in Romanian). 2019-02-20. Retrieved 2019-04-17.
  83. ^ a b "Romtehnica Offers from Stock". romtehnica.com.ro. Archived from the original on 2014-05-17. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
  84. ^ Goldman, Emily O.; Leslie C., Eliason (2003). The Diffusion of Military Technology and Ideas. Stanford University Press. p. 141. ISBN 978-0-8047-4535-2.
  85. ^ "United Nations Official Document". Archived from the original on 2014-07-09. Retrieved 20 November 2016.