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The Cobra (Turkish: Kobra) is an infantry mobility vehicle developed by Turkish firm Otokar which uses some mechanical components and sub-systems of the HMMWV.[1][2]

Otokar Cobra
Paradbaku98.jpg
An Otokar Cobra in an Azerbaijani military parade
TypeInfantry mobility vehicle
Place of originTurkey
Service history
In service1997–present
Used byOperators
WarsWar in Afghanistan (2001–present)
Russo-Georgian War
Kurdish–Turkish conflict
Boko Haram insurgency
Operation Euphrates Shield
Operation Olive Branch
Kosovo War
Production history
DesignerOtokar
ManufacturerOtokar
Specifications
MassCobra: 6,200 kg Cobra II: 12,000kg.
LengthCobra: 5.23m Cobra II: 5.6m
WidthCobra: 2.22m Cobra II: 2.5m
HeightCobra: 2.1m Cobra II: 2.2m
CrewCobra 1+8 Cobra II: 2+7

EngineCobra: 6.5L, GM V8 diesel, water cooled, turbo charged

Cobra II: 6.7L, six-cylinder, water cooled, turbo charged, common rail, diesel engine
Cobra: 190 hp

Cobra II: 281hp
SuspensionHelical coil suspension
Operational
range
Cobra: 752 km Cobra II: 700km
SpeedCobra: 115 km/h (72 mph) Cobra II: 110mile/h

Contents

DurabilityEdit

The monocoque steel v-hull provides protection against small arms fire, artillery shell shrapnel, and to a certain degree against anti-personnel and tank mines, and IEDs. Front wheel arches are designed to be blown away to free blast pockets.[1]

In December 2016, footage of an ISIL attack against Turkish M-60 Sabra tanks circulating the Internet, showed the crew of a Cobra APC surviving a direct hit from an ISIL RPG.[3]

VariantsEdit

Cobra

The Cobra vehicle forms a common platform which can be adapted for various roles and mission requirements including: armoured personnel carrier, anti-tank vehicle, reconnaissance vehicle, ground surveillance radar vehicle, forward observation vehicle, armoured ambulance, armoured command post, turreted vehicle for 12.7mm machine gun (turret produced by the Israeli firm Rafael), 20mm cannon, anti-tank missiles such as the TOW missile and Spike missiles or surface-to-air missiles.[1]

Cobras can be used as amphibious combat vehicles. Turkish naval forces are currently looking for a new amphibious vehicle and the Cobra is listed among the candidates for acquisition.

Cobra II

 
Cobra II in IDEF 2013

First unveiled at IDEF 2013, the Cobra II is a more heavily armoured successor to the Cobra. The Cobra II has a combat weight that is roughly double that of its predecessor and is slightly wider, longer and taller.[4]

Standard equipment includes rear view camera, thermal front camera, air conditioning system, blackout lighting system, multi-point seat belts, radio provisions, and a towing eye. It can be optionally equipped with a self-recovery winch, nuclear, biological and chemical filtration kit, automation fire extinguishing system, intercom system, navigation system and an auxiliary power unit.[5] In an APC configuration, the vehicle can carry nine personnel and can be armed with a number of different weapons, including crew-operated machine guns and remote weapon stations armed with short-range surface-to-air missiles and grenade launchers.[4] Powered by a 6.7 L, six-cylinder, water cooled, turbo charged, common rail diesel engine that produces 281 hp, its maximum road speed is 110 km/h on roads and has a maximum cruising range of 700 km[5] with an operating temperature from -10 up to 45 degree C.

Otokar has received orders for the Cobra II both from an undisclosed customer and from the Turkish Armed Forces.[4]

In late 2015, the Turkish Armed Forces ordered 82 Cobra II vehicles plus related systems, maintenance and support worth $52 million.[4][6][7] In June 2016, the Turkish Armed Forces ordered an undisclosed number of Cobra II vehicles plus related systems, maintenance and support worth $120.8 million.[8] Assuming the same value to vehicle ratio as the 2015 order, this would imply an order of about 180 vehicles.[8]

Cobra II amphibious

There is an amphibious and slightly larger variant of the Cobra II with a more powerful 6.7 L, 360Hp, V6 turbocharged engine that is capable of crossing lakes and smaller bodies of water.[9]

Operational historyEdit

BangladeshEdit

Bangladesh Army operates 44 cobras, with 600+ units in order.[citation needed] received approximately 30 unit in early-mid April.

Received 20 Otokar Cobra II from Turkey in 2017.[10]

GeorgiaEdit

In the 2008 South Ossetia war, Cobra vehicles equipped with 12.7 mm NSV machine guns and 40 mm automatic grenade launchers[11] were used by the special forces of the Georgian Ministry of Internal Affairs during their assault on the city in the Battle of Tskhinvali. One of the Cobras were destroyed and captured during 2008 South Ossetia war by Russian army.[12] Cobras are also being used by Georgian UN forces in the Central African Republic.

PakistanEdit

According to sources, Pakistan purchased over 200 of these vehicles and plan to have about 500 in their inventory. A deal was concluded with TOT and the remaining vehicles are to be produced at Heavy Industries Taxila with additional orders for Otokar Akrep.

NigeriaEdit

The Nigerian military has deployed Cobras during operations against the terrorist Boko Haram insurgency in the north-east of the country since 2013.[13]

AfghanistanEdit

Cobras are used by the Turkish Armed Forces in Afghanistan.

TurkeyEdit

Cobras are actively being used by the Turkish Armed Forces within the country for anti-terrorism operations.

Cobras have shown to be highly resistant against most mine and IED attacks, with the crew surviving most incidents without any injuries. The increasing sophistication of IED use by the PKK and the loss of eight soldiers inside one on August 19, 2015, has prompted the Turkish Armed Forces to upgrade its fleet of armoured vehicles.[14] This has, in part, led to additional orders for the improved Cobra II.[7]

Cobras have also been used effectively by the Free Syrian Army against ISIS and YPG during Operation Euphrates Shield.

Burkina FasoEdit

A Burkinabe army vehicle was struck by an IED in the area of Kompienbiga, after hitting an IED laid by terrorists, the explosion overturned the army vehicle upside down, after which it caught fire. At least three dead and four wounded.[15]

OperatorsEdit

 
Map of Otokar Cobra operators, in blue

Current Cobra operatorsEdit

Cobra II current and planned operatorsEdit

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

SourcesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "Cobra Light Armoured Vehicle - Army Technology". army-technology.com. Archived from the original on 6 April 2016. Retrieved 20 September 2015.[unreliable source?]
  2. ^ "Otokar Cobra is a true all-terrain fighting machine". Fox News. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 20 September 2015.
  3. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4Il493DPkMQ
  4. ^ a b c d e "Otokar's Cobra II 4x4 receives its first orders | IHS Jane's 360". www.janes.com. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2016-04-21.
  5. ^ a b "Cobra II Tactical Wheeled Armoured Vehicle". Army Technology. Archived from the original on 2016-04-20. Retrieved 2016-04-21.[unreliable source?]
  6. ^ "Turkey contracts Otokar for Cobra II armored vehicles". UPI. Archived from the original on 2016-06-12. Retrieved 2016-04-21.
  7. ^ a b c "Turkey Picks Otokar for $52M Armored Vehicle Contract". Defense News. Retrieved 2016-04-21.
  8. ^ a b c "Turkey orders more Cobra II armoured vehicles | IHS Jane's 360". www.janes.com. Archived from the original on 2016-06-26. Retrieved 2016-06-27.
  9. ^ "Otokar Cobra II" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-02-20.
  10. ^ "Trade Registers". armstrade.sipri.org. Archived from the original on 2011-01-31. Retrieved 2019-04-21.
  11. ^ Independent International Fact Finding Mission on the Conflict in Georgia, Final report Volume III. Archived 2011-07-06 at the Wayback Machine p.121
  12. ^ "Russians are working on Otokar Cobra technologies". Archived from the original on 2018-12-25. Retrieved 2018-12-25.
  13. ^ "SECURITY OPERATIONS IN INSURGENCY-PRONE 'EMERGENCY RULE' AREAS OF N.E NIGERIA : EID-EL-FITR CELEBRATIONS 8-9 AUGUST, 2013 (PHOTO CREDIT: SUNDAY ALAMBA/ASSOCIATED PRESS) - Beegeagle's Blog". Beegeagle's Blog. Archived from the original on 12 March 2016. Retrieved 20 September 2015.
  14. ^ "Turkish army to upgrade armored vehicles - POLITICS". hurriyetdailynews.com. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 20 September 2015.
  15. ^ ""Кобра" устарела: защита бронеавтомобиля оказалась недостаточной". Rossiyskaya Gazeta. Archived from the original on 2018-12-25. Retrieved 2018-12-25.
  16. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-03-25. Retrieved 2011-03-24.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  17. ^ "ناقلات الجنود المدرعة تركية الصنع !". Archived from the original on 2017-01-01. Retrieved 2016-10-01.
  18. ^ Pike, John. "Bahrain - Army Equipment". www.globalsecurity.org. Archived from the original on 2017-03-11. Retrieved 2016-10-01.
  19. ^ "Otokar cobra of Dhaka Metropolitan Police ~ Bangladesh Defence". defencebd.com. Archived from the original on 6 June 2014. Retrieved 20 September 2015.
  20. ^ de Cherisey, Erwan (20 December 2018). "Burkina Faso shows new Cobra armoured vehicles". IHS Jane's 360. Paris. Archived from the original on 20 December 2018. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
  21. ^ "Otokar Kazakistan'da 'Cobra' üretecek". MİLLİYET HABER - TÜRKİYE'NİN HABER SİTESİ. 7 May 2012. Archived from the original on 31 March 2014. Retrieved 20 September 2015.
  22. ^ "Turqia e mbështet fuqishëm FSK-në". MFSK - MKBS - MKSF. Archived from the original on 14 February 2017. Retrieved 20 September 2015.
  23. ^ "Mauritania deploys new armoured vehicles for peacekeeping mission". janes.com. Archived from the original on 21 January 2016. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
  24. ^ "DM Besimi receives Turkish donation for ARM". Влада на Република Македонија. Archived from the original on 26 January 2016. Retrieved 20 September 2015.
  25. ^ "Ministarstvo nastavlja nadogradnju "cobre"". vijesti.me. Archived from the original on 9 May 2017. Retrieved 5 March 2017.
  26. ^ a b c https://web.archive.org/web/20170622123315/http://www.janes.com/images/assets/520/71520/New-model_African_armies.pdf
  27. ^ "Cobra Armored Personnel Carrier". Archived from the original on 2013-01-18. Retrieved 2013-03-09.
  28. ^ "36.000 evrov za uro leta". Prvi interaktivni multimedijski portal, MMC RTV Slovenija. Archived from the original on 4 January 2019. Retrieved 20 September 2015.
  29. ^ "Video: captured Turkish Otokar Cobra armored vehicle". Defence Watch. 30 December 2016. Archived from the original on 14 March 2017. Retrieved 14 March 2017.
  30. ^ "NDF on Twitter: Another Turkish armored (Otokar Cobra) has been captured by Syrian Army from #ISIS #EastAleppo". Twitter. 11 March 2017. Archived from the original on 14 March 2017. Retrieved 14 March 2017.
  31. ^ "Turkey's Otokar Wins Armored Vehicle Contract From UN". Defense News. Retrieved 20 September 2015.
  32. ^ French: Des Otokar Cobras pour l’armée tunisienne
  33. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-08-06. Retrieved 2017-06-08.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  34. ^ "Trade Registers". armstrade.sipri.org. Archived from the original on 2017-12-29. Retrieved 2019-04-21.

External linksEdit