A patrol boat (also referred to as a patrol craft, patrol ship, or patrol vessel) is a relatively small naval vessel generally designed for coastal defence, border security, or law enforcement. There are many designs for patrol boats, and they generally range in size. They may be operated by a nation's navy, coast guard, police, or customs, and may be intended for marine ("blue water"), estuarine ("green water"), or river ("brown water") environments.

Per their name, patrol boats are primarily used to patrol a country's exclusive economic zone (EEZ), but they may also be used in other roles, such as anti-smuggling, anti-piracy, fishery patrols, immigration law enforcement, or search and rescue. Depending on the size, organization, and capabilities of a nation's armed forces, the importance of patrol boats may range from minor support vessels that are part of a coast guard, to flagships that make up a majority of a navy's fleet. Their small size and relatively low cost make them one of the most common naval vessels in the world.

ClassificationEdit

 
Kawachi, a patrol boat in service with the Osaka Prefectural Police

The classification of a patrol boat is often subjective, but they are generally small naval vessels that are used to patrol national waters or a certain jurisdiction. They may be as large as a frigate or a corvette, though the term may also be used for vessels as small as a yacht or rigid inflatable boat. They can include fast attack craft, torpedo boats, and missile boats. They may be broadly classified as inshore patrol vessels (IPVs) or offshore patrol vessels (OPVs). OPVs are usually the smallest ship in a navy's fleet that are large and seaworthy enough to patrol off-shore in the open ocean, while IPVs are typically too small to do so and are instead kept in lakes or rivers, or close to coasts; IPVs specifically used in rivers can also be called "riverine patrol vessels".

Seagoing patrol boats are typically around 30 m (100 ft) in length and usually carry a single medium caliber artillery gun as main armament, and a variety of lighter secondary armament such as machine guns or a close-in weapon system. Depending on their role, vessels in this class may also have more sophisticated sensors and fire control systems that would enable them to carry torpedoes, anti-ship missiles, and surface-to-air missiles.[1]

HistoryEdit

 
PCE-872, a World War II patrol craft escort of the U.S. Navy

During both World Wars, in order to rapidly build up numbers, all sides created auxiliary patrol boats by arming motorboats and seagoing fishing trawlers with machine guns and obsolete naval weapons. Some modern patrol vessels are still based on fishing and leisure boats.

The United States Navy operated the Pegasus class of armed hydrofoils for years in a patrol boat role. During the Vietnam War, the U.S. Navy ordered 193 aluminum hulled Patrol Craft, Fast (PCFs),[2] also known as Swiftboats, for brown water naval operations. The Patrol Boat, River (PBR, sometimes called "Riverine" and "Pibber") was a fiberglass hulled vessel also designed and used for inland river operations during the Vietnam War, and became an icon of water operations during the war due to its use in the 1979 film Apocalypse Now.

Most modern designs are powered by gas turbine arrangements such as CODAG, and speeds are generally in the 25–30 knots (46–56 km/h; 29–35 mph) range. The largest OPVs might also have a flight deck and helicopter embarked. In times of crisis or war, these vessels are expected to support the larger vessels in a navy, though some smaller navies are mostly composed of just patrol boats.

Specific nationsEdit

AlbaniaEdit

 
Iliria, an example of a modern patrol boat of the Albanian Naval Force

Albanian Naval ForceEdit

AlgeriaEdit

Algerian National NavyEdit

ArgentinaEdit

 
Argentine Naval Prefecture's GC67 patrol vessel

Argentine Naval PrefectureEdit

Argentine NavyEdit

AustraliaEdit

Royal Australian NavyEdit

 
HMAS Armidale of the Royal Australian Navy

Australian Border Force Marine UnitEdit

OthersEdit

BahamasEdit

Royal Bahamas Defence ForceEdit

BahrainEdit

Royal Bahrain Naval ForceEdit

35m Fast Patrol Vessels- USA -built by Swiftships, Commissioned in 2021 [3]

BangladeshEdit

The Bangladesh Navy classified its medium size patrol ships as large patrol craft (LPC) which are armed with either anti-ship missiles or torpedoes. Those ships typically have heavier armaments but less range than OPVs.[4][5]

Bangladesh NavyEdit

Large patrol craft
Offshore patrol vessel
Inshore patrol vessel
ASW patrol boat
Patrol gunboat

Bangladesh Coast GuardEdit

Offshore patrol vessel
Inshore patrol vessel
Fast patrol vessel
Coastal patrol vessel
Riverine patrol craft

Border Guard BangladeshEdit

Patrol vessel

BarbadosEdit

Barbados Coast GuardEdit

BelgiumEdit

  • Castor (in Dutch) (2014–present)
  • Pollux (in Dutch) (2015–present)

BrazilEdit

BruneiEdit

  • Darussalam-class offshore patrol vessel
  • Ijtihad-class patrol vessel
  • KH 27-class patrol boat
  • FDB 512-class patrol boat
  • Bendaharu-class patrol vessel
  • Perwira-class patrol vessel
  • Saleha-class patrol vessel
  • Pahlawan-class patrol vessel

BulgariaEdit

CanadaEdit

Royal Canadian NavyEdit

Canadian Coast GuardEdit

Cape VerdeEdit

Cape Verdean Coast GuardEdit

ChileEdit

  • Patrulleros de Zona Marítima FASSMER OPV-80 class – four of six units planned, built by ASMAR under the license of FASSMER Gmbh:
    • OPV-81 Piloto Pardo
    • OPV-82 Comandante Toro
    • OPV-83 Marinero Fuentealba – this unit has reinforced hull for Antarctic operations
    • OPV-84 Cabo Odger – with characteristics similar to the previous ship
  • 6 Micalvi-class patrol vessels – built in ASMAR
  • 18 Protector-class patrol crafts – built by ASMAR under the license of Fairey Brooke Marine
  • 4 Dabur-class patrol crafts – built in Israel

China (PRC)Edit

People's Liberation Army NavyEdit

China Coast GuardEdit

ColombiaEdit

 
ARC Juan Ricardo Oyola Vera, a PAV-IV-class patrol boat of the Colombian National Navy

Colombian NavyEdit

  • Diligente-class patrol boat
  • Nodriza-class patrol boat
  • PAF-I-class patrol boat
  • PAF-II-class patrol boat
  • PAF-III-class patrol boat
  • PAF-IV-class patrol boat
  • Patrullera Fluvial Ligera-class patrol boat
  • Riohacha-class gunboat
  • Fassmer-80 class – built in Colombia by COTECMAR

CroatiaEdit

DenmarkEdit

Royal Danish NavyEdit

EcuadorEdit

Ecuadorian NavyEdit

EritreaEdit

Eritrean NavyEdit

OthersEdit

FinlandEdit

Finnish NavyEdit

Finnish Border GuardEdit

FranceEdit

 
Maritime Gendarmerie Vedette class patrol boat

French NavyEdit

Maritime GendarmerieEdit

  • Trident-class patrol boat
  • Géranium-class patrol boat
  • Jonquille-class patrol boat
  • Vedette-class patrol boat
  • Pétulante-class patrol craft
  • Pavois-class patrol craft

GermanyEdit

 
New Bundespolizei offshore patrol vessel BP 81 Potsdam

GreeceEdit

 
Hellenic Navy HSY-56A gunboat HS Aittitos

Hellenic NavyEdit

Hellenic Coast GuardEdit

  • Sa'ar 4 class[13] – acting as offshore patrol vessels (OPV)
  • Stan Patrol 5509 OPV
  • Vosper Europatrol 250 Mk1 OPV
  • Abeking & Rasmussen patrol vessels – class Dilos
  • POB-24G patrol vessels – class Faiakas
  • CB90-HCG
  • Lambro 57 and derivatives – all being boats for coastal patrols

HondurasEdit

Honduran NavyEdit

Hong Kong (SARPRC)Edit

 
Sea Panther (PL 3), a Sea Panther-class large command boat with the Hong Kong Police Marine Unit

Hong Kong Police ForceEdit

IcelandEdit

Icelandic Coast GuardEdit

IndiaEdit

 
The Indian Coast Guard's offshore patrol vessel ICGS Samarth at sea.
 
INS Sunayna (P57) returns to Kochi post an 80 day anti piracy patrol in the Gulf of Aden

Indian NavyEdit

Indian Coast GuardEdit

IndonesiaEdit

 
KN Tanjung Datu (1101) of the Indonesian Maritime Security Agency
  • FPB 28, Indonesian Police and Indonesian Customs, 28 meter long patrol boat made by local shipyard PT PAL.
  • FPB 38, Indonesian Customs, 38 meter long aluminium patrol boat made by local shipyard PT PAL.
  • FPB 57, Indonesian Navy, 57 meter long patrol boat designed by Lurssen and made by PT PAL, ASM and heli deck equipped for some version.
  • PC-40, Indonesian Navy, 40 meter long FRP/Aluminum patrol boat, locally made by in house Navy's workshop.
  • PC-60 trimaran, Indonesian Navy, 63-meter-long composite material, is armed with 120 km range of anti-ship missile, made by PT Lundin industry
  • OPV 80 - 80 meter long, designed by Terafulk and made by PT Citra Shipyard
  • OPV 110 (Tanjung Datu-class) - 110 meter long, made by PT Palindo Marine Shipyard

IraqEdit

Iraq NavyEdit

35m Fast Patrol Vessels- USA -built by Swiftships, during the period 2010 - 2014 [14]

IrelandEdit

List of Irish Naval Service vessels;[15]

IsraelEdit

 
Slovenian Navy HPL-21, an example of the Israeli-made Super Dvora Mk II-class patrol boat also in service with the Israeli Navy

ItalyEdit

 
Italian Navy Comandanti-class Cigala Fulgosi
 
Italian Coast Guard patrol boat U. Diciotti, CP-902

JamaicaEdit

JDF Coast GuardEdit

JapanEdit

 
Shikishima (Japan Coast Guard), the largest patrol boat in the world
 
Japan Coast Guard Hida

LatviaEdit

MalaysiaEdit

  • Kedah class offshore patrol vessel, (Royal Malaysian Navy)
  • Keris-class littoral mission ship,(Royal Malaysian Navy)
  • Gagah Class Ship, Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Ramunia Class Ship, Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Nusa Class Ship, Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Sipadan Class Ship, Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Rhu Class Ship, Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Pengawal Class Ship, Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Peninjau Class Ship, Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Pelindung Class Ship, Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Semilang Class Ship, Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Penggalang Class Ship, Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Penyelamat Class Ship, Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Pengaman Class Ship, Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Kilat Class Ship, Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Malawali Class Ship, Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Langkawi Class Patrol Ship, Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency

MaltaEdit

 
Protector class patrol boat P52 of the Maritime Squadron of the Armed Forces of Malta.

MexicoEdit

 
ARM Oaxaca, lead boat of the Oaxaca-class.
 
Durango-class offshore patrol vessels in formation.

Mexican NavyEdit

MontenegroEdit

 
Kotor class frigate of the Montenegrin Navy

MoroccoEdit

NamibiaEdit

NetherlandsEdit

Royal Netherlands NavyEdit

 
HNLMS Holland (P840) from Holland Class of the Dutch Navy

Netherlands CoastguardEdit

Dutch Caribbean Coast GuardEdit

New ZealandEdit

NicaraguaEdit

Nicaraguan NavyEdit

NorwayEdit

Royal Norwegian NavyEdit

Norwegian Coast GuardEdit

 
NoCGV Tor (W334 KYSTVAKT) from Nornen Class of the Norwegian Coast Guard

PeruEdit

PhilippinesEdit

Philippine NavyEdit

 
Jacinto-class patrol vessel BRP Artemio Ricarte (PS-37), Philippine Navy
 
Gregorio del Pilar-class patrol-frigate BRP Goryo (PS-15), Philippine Navy

Philippine Coast GuardEdit

 
Ilocos Norte-class patrol boat, Philippine Coast Guard
 
Parola-class patrol vessel, Philippine Coast Guard
 
San Juan-class patrol vessel, Philippine Coast Guard
 
Gabriela Silang-class offshore patrol vessel, Philippine Coast Guard

PortugalEdit

 
NRP Viana do Castelo, offshore patrol vessel of the Portuguese Navy

Portuguese NavyEdit

Maritime PoliceEdit

  • Bolina-class
  • Levante-class
  • Calmaria-class

National Republican GuardEdit

  • Bojador-class
  • Ribamar-class
  • Lancha de Fiscalização de Águas Interiores

QatarEdit

Qatari Emiri NavyEdit

Qatari Ministry of InteriorEdit

  • ARES 75
  • ARES 110
  • ARES 150

RomaniaEdit

RussiaEdit

 
Russian Coast Guard Rubin class patrol boat Zhemchug on the Almaz Shipbuilding Company

SenegalEdit

 
Fouladou, OPV 190 from Senegalese navy
  • Fouladou (OPV 190), Senegalese Navy
  • Kedougou (OPV 45), Senegalese Navy
  • Ferlo (RPB 33), Senegalese Navy
  • Conejera (Class Conejera P 31), Senegalese Navy
  • Fouta (Osprey 55), Senegalese Navy
  • Njambuur (PR 72), Senegalese Navy

SingaporeEdit

 
Police Coast Guard third generation PT Class Flower Ray(PT65),conducting a sea-rescue demonstration

SloveniaEdit

South AfricaEdit

South Korea (ROK)Edit

SpainEdit

 
Meteoro (P-41)

Sri LankaEdit

SurinameEdit

SwedenEdit

  • Hugin-class (based on the Norwegian Storm-class, decommissioned) – 16 ships
  • Kaparen-class (Hugin-class modified with better subhunting capacity, decommissioned) – 8 ships
  • Stockholm-class (commissioned as corvettes, later converted to patrol boats) – 2 ships
  • HMS Carlskrona (commissioned as minelayer, later converted to ocean patrol vessel)

Additionally, the Royal Swedish Navy also operates smaller types of patrol boats (Swedish: bevakningsbåt = "guard boat"):

The Swedish Coast Guard operate an additional 22 patrol vessels for maritime surveillance.

ThailandEdit

Trinidad and TobagoEdit

Trinidad and Tobago Coast GuardEdit

TurkeyEdit

 
Turkish TCG Karabiga (P-1205), one of the Tuzla-class patrol boats

Turkish Naval ForcesEdit

Coast Guard CommandEdit

  • KAAN 15 class
  • KAAN 19 class
  • KAAN 29 class
  • KAAN 33 class
  • SAR 33 class
  • SAR 35 class
  • 80 class
  • Corvette

United KingdomEdit

 
Two River class offshore patrol vessels of the Royal Navy

United StatesEdit

United States NavyEdit

United States Coast GuardEdit

VenezuelaEdit

 
Naiguatá during sea trials

VietnamEdit

  • Type TT-120 patrol boat, Vietnam Coast Guard
  • Type TT-200 patrol boat, Vietnam Coast Guard
  • Type TT-400 patrol boat, Vietnam Coast Guard
  • DN 2000(Damen 9014 class) offshore patrol vessels, Vietnam Coast Guard

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "MK VI Patrol Boats, United States of America". www.naval-technology.com. Retrieved 2021-06-24.
  2. ^ "Special Operations Riverine Craft". Swiftships.
  3. ^ "Bahrain Naval Forces Commissions New Patrol Vessels". Naval Post. 14 February 2021. Retrieved 15 April 2022.
  4. ^ "Bangladesh and Asia's Maritime Balance". Center for International Maritime Security. 7 December 2015. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  5. ^ "Tender specifications for construction of 02 X Large Patrol Craft (LPC) in local shipyard for BN" (PDF). Directorate General of Defence Purchase. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 May 2021. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  6. ^ "BDR-Shahjalal – Patrol Vessel – Details and current position IMO 8106472 MMSI 0 | Vessels | VesselFinder". www.vesselfinder.com. Retrieved 2017-04-23.
  7. ^ "Brazil getting armored vehicles, boats". Space War. Space Media Network. UPI. 10 August 2012. Retrieved 19 August 2017. The first-of-class Amazonas was constructed at BAE Systems' Portsmouth facility.
  8. ^ "Offshore Patrol Vessels". BAE Systems. n.d. Archived from the original on 17 January 2013. We are supplying three Ocean Patrol Vessels and ancillary support services to the Brazilian Navy, as well as a manufacturing licence to enable further vessels of the same class to be constructed in Brazil. P120 Amazonas, P121 Apa and P122 Araguari
  9. ^ OOB-31 “Omiš” predan u ruke OS RH (in Croatian)
  10. ^ "Gunboats Class Osprey 55". Hellenic Navy. 2008. Archived from the original on 2008-05-30. Retrieved 2008-07-15.
  11. ^ "Gunboats Class Osprey HSY-55". Hellenic Navy. 2008. Archived from the original on 2008-05-30. Retrieved 2008-07-15.
  12. ^ "Gunboats Class Asheville". Hellenic Navy. 2008. Archived from the original on 2008-05-30. Retrieved 2008-07-15.
  13. ^ E.A. Pagotsis (2009). G. Christogiannakis (ed.). Hellenic Defence Report 2009-2010 (Yearbook of the magazine Hellenic Defence & Security). Athens: Line Defence Publications Ltd. p. 81.
  14. ^ "US Navy Delivers Two More 35 Meter". Navy Recognition. Retrieved 15 April 2022.
  15. ^ "Naval Service - Defence Forces". www.military.ie.