The Ecuadorian Navy is responsible for the surveillance and protection of national maritime territory and has a personnel of 9,127 men to protect a coastline of 2,237 km which reaches far into the Pacific Ocean. The vessels are identified by a ship prefix of B.A.E.: Buque de la Armada del Ecuador (Ship of the Ecuadorian Navy) or L.A.E.: Lancha de la Armada del Ecuador (Boat of the Ecuadorian Navy).
|Armada del Ecuador|
Ecuadorian Navy insignia
|Active||1832 - present|
3 fast attack crafts
8 auxiliary ships
|Part of||Military of Ecuador|
|Anniversaries||25 July, Navy Day and the anniversary of the Battle of Jambeli|
|Engagements||Ecuadorian-Peruvian War 1941|
|Commander-in-chief of the Navy||Rear Admiral Luis Santiago Chávez|
|Ecuadorian Naval Jack|
|Naval Aviation roundel|
Organize, train, equip and maintain naval capabilities, as well as to assist and support all procedures involving national security and development. Contribute to the achievement of safeguarding national objectives in times of peace and war.
Maintain highly trained naval forces to secure victory within the maritime zone in order to support developing communities. As a consequence operate highly qualified military personnel whom are able to fulfill this role based on elevated moral, values and principles.
The roots of the Ecuadorian Navy or (Armada Ecuatoriana) date back to 1823 whilst forming a part of the Gran Colombian fleet. In 1832 the by then, Ecuadorian congress established officially "The Ecuadorian Maritime Department". On 25 July 1941 during the Ecuadorian–Peruvian War, the gunboat Calderon commanded by Rafael Morán Valverde encountered the Peruvian destroyer Almirante Villar in the Jambeli channel. The Ecuadorian gunboat opened fire on Villar, keeping its distance while doing shots for elevation, but the Peruvian destroyer returned fire for the duration of the chase, which was ended by the Peruvians when the Calderon took refuge in the channels. The Calderon was unharmed in the skirmish and according to Ecuador, the Peruvian Villar suffered from damages, allegation that has always been refuted by Perú. However, this event had no influence over the general outcome of the war as Puerto Bolivar was lost to Peruvian Troops only two days later. BAE Tungurahua was bought from a private owner but was scrapped shortly after conversion due to engine malfunctions.
Today, the Ecuadorian Navy is a compact, efficient and well-balanced force. However, limited funds hinder any major acquisitions and the chances of maintaining a strong force within the Pacific Ocean. Since introduction of a restructuring program within the Armed Forces, ("PATRIA I"), the Navy's structure became simplified. It supervises the Pacific Coast and Galápagos Islands all in one naval zone. Most seagoing assets are based at Guayaquil.
Currently[when?] the Navy consists of the following vessels:
|Training ship (1 in service)|
|BAE Guayas (BE-21)||Spain||Sail training ship||steel-hulled barque||Yes||As an ambassador of its country, the Guayas is a participant in tall ship regattas. By the end of 2008 the Guayas had visited 60 harbours in 25 countries and covered about 340,000 nautical miles (630,000 km).|
|Submarines (2 in service)|
|BAE Shyri (S102)||Germany||diesel-electric submarine||Type 209/1300||Yes|||
|BAE Huancavilca (S102)||Germany||diesel-electric submarine||Type 209/1300||Yes||On September 16, 2011, the submarine was sent to the ASMAR shipyard in Chile for modernization, which was completed in 2014.|
|Guided missile frigates (2 in service)|
|BAE Morán Valverde (FM-01)||United Kingdom||guided missile frigate||Condell-class frigate||Yes||Extensively refitted between April 2004 and December 2005. Acquired from Chile in March, 2008.|
|BAE Presidente Eloy Alfaro (FM-02)||United Kingdom||guided missile frigate||Condell-class frigate||Yes||Acquired from Chile in March, 2008.|
|Guided missile corvettes (6 in service)|
|BAE Esmeraldas (CM-11)||Italy||guided missile corvette||Esmeraldas-class||Yes||Refitted in 2006 under the Esmeraldas program.|
|BAE Manabí (CM-12)||Italy||guided missile corvette||Esmeraldas-class||Yes||Modernised, returned to fleet 2018.|
|BAE Los Rios (CM-13)||Italy||guided missile corvette||Esmeraldas-class||Yes||Modernised, returned to fleet 2018.|
|BAE El Oro (CM-14)||Italy||guided missile corvette||Esmeraldas-class||Yes||Refitted in 2008 under the Esmeraldas program.|
|BAE Galápagos (CM-15)||Italy||guided missile corvette||Esmeraldas-class||Yes||Refitted in 2010 under the Esmeraldas program.|
|BAE Loja (CM-16)||Italy||guided missile corvette||Esmeraldas-class||Yes||Modernised, returned to fleet 2019.|
|Offshore Patrol Vessel|
|LAE Isla San Cristobal (LG-30)||Netherlands||Offshore Patrol Vessel||Damen Stan patrol vessel 5009 class||Yes|
|LAE Isla Isabela (LG-31)||Netherlands||Offshore Patrol Vessel||Damen Stan patrol vessel 5009 class||Yes|
|Fast attack craft (3 in service)|
|LAE Quito (LM-25)||Germany||fast attack craft||TNC 45 Seawolf class||Yes||Modernised|
|LAE Guayaquil (LM-26)||Germany||fast attack craft||TNC 45 Seawolf class||Yes||Modernised|
|LAE Cuenca (LM-27)||Germany||fast attack craft||TNC 45 Seawolf class||Yes||Modernised|
|Auxiliaries (7 in service)|
|BAE Huacolpo (TR-61)||United States||LST-542-class tank landing ship||Huacolpo class||No||used as transport and listed as active in 2007 but may be not operational.|
|BAE Calicuchima (TR-62)||United Kingdom||ammunition supply ship||Kintebury class||Yes||ex-RMAS Throsk (A379)|
|BAE Atahualpa (TR-63)||Italy||water harbour tanker||Brenta type||Yes||ex-A 5356 Basento|
|BAE Quisquis (TR-64)||United Kingdom||water harbour tanker||Waterfall class||Yes||ex-Waterside (Y-20)|
|BAE Taurus (TR-65)||Ecuador||coastal oil tanker||Taurus class||Yes||Civilian ship bought in 1987. Built by Astinave, Guayaquil. Currently status is unknown.|
|BAE Chimborazo (RA-70)||United States||fleet tug||Abnaki-class tug||Yes||Ex-USS Chowanoc (ATF-100)|
|BAE Cotopaxi (RB-73)||United States||fleet tug||Yes|
|BAE Wolf (RB-74)||Netherlands||fleet tug||Yes|
|Scientific research vessels (2 in service)|
|BAE Orion (BI-91)||Japan||Oceanographic research ship||Orion class||Yes|
|LAE Sirius||Ecuador||oceanographic research ship||Sirius class||Yes|||
The Ecuadorian Naval Aviation (Aviación Naval Ecuatoriana) was formed in 1967 with fixed wing aircraft and received some helicopters in 1973. It remains the least effective section of the navy; capable of performing limited maritime patrol missions, it consists of fixed wing and a rotary wing element. Aircraft are based at Base Aérea Simón Bolívar in Guayaquil and the Eloy Alfaro Air Base in Manta. The most recent acquisition of the ANE are two Heron 1 and four Searcher Mk. III from Israel. These have increased the Navy's coastal surveillance capacity significantly.
Currently[when?] the Navy consists of the following aircraft:
|Maritime patrol aircraft|
|Beechcraft Super King Air||United States||Maritime surveillance aircraft||CATPASS 250MP||3||Two units delivered in January and June 1997 respectively. CATPASS conversion includes a bottom-mounted surface-search radar, FLIR and ESM provisions.|
|CASA CN‑235 Persuader||Spain||Maritime patrol aircraft||CN-235-100 MP Persuader
CN-235-300 MP Persuader
|Maritime patrol/multipurpose transport aircraft equipped with surface-search radar.|
|Bell 206 JetRanger
Bell TH-57 SeaRanger
|United States||Utility helicopter / Training helicopter||206B
|Bell 230||United States||Radar surveillance helicopter||230T||1||Two units delivered in total. One unit crashed at sea in 2009.|
|Bell 430||United States||Utility helicopter||430||4||Two units delivered in August 1, 2010. The first 430 received a Garmin GNS400 GPS coupled to the autopilot. Both were equipped with a Honeywell Mark XXII EGPWS, right hand sliding door, hoist provisions and some maintenance items. Two units delivered in September 11, 2014.|
|Beechcraft T‑34 Turbo Mentor||United States||Advanced trainer||T-34C-1||10|
|ENAER T-35 Pillán||Chile||Basic trainer||T-35B||14|
|Unmanned Aerial Vehicles|
|IAI Heron||Israel||MALE UAV||Heron I||2|||
|IAI Searcher||Israel||Reconnaissance UAV||Searcher III||4|||
|Beechcraft Super King Air||United States||Light transport||B200
|Beechcraft King Air||United States||Light transport||C90A||2|
|Cessna 172||United States||Liaison aircraft||SP||2|
The Coast Guard (Cuerpo de Guardacostas de la Armada) became fully operational in 1980. Their mission is to control maritime activities on national territory, including all river zones. The objective is the internal security, protection of human life at sea and environmental protection. It disposes of around 250 men and 30 major as well as 40 smaller, partially very modern patrol vessels. In 2011 Ecuador ordered four 26.5 metres (87 ft) patrol vessels based on the Damen Stan 2600 design for the Coast Guard.
The Naval Infantry Corps (Cuerpo de Infanteria de Marina) was formed on 12 November 1962. It maintains a strength of around 1700 marines, with their HQ in Guayaquil. The units are individually spread across the naval coast of Ecuador and are equipped with infantry support weapons, including 60 mm and 81 mm mortars, 106 mm recoilless rifles (RCLs) and Humvees. However, it lacks amphibious assault and sealift capacity. The Ecuadorian Marines are to maintain a high level of alert in order to execute special operations in difficult territory as well as to provide a fast response to counter amphibious incursions. Structure:
- Escuela de la Infanteria Marina (Naval Infantry School)
- Compañia de Seguridad "Guayaquil" (Security Detachment)
- Batallon de Infanteria Marina "Jambeli"
- Battallon de Infanteria Marina "San Eduardo"
- Battallon de Infanteria Marina "San Lorenzo"
- Battallon de Infanteria Marina "Jaramijo"
- Battallon de Infanteria Marina "Esmeraldas"
The Guayas in Sweden (2008).
Ecuadorian Navy ship Guayas, visiting Pearl Harbor.
Acquired in 1991 from the Royal Navy, the "Morán Valverde" was decommissioned in October 2008.
In March 2008, the Almirante Lynch and sister ship Almirante Condell (PFG-06) were sold to Ecuador. The former Almirante Lynch is in active service under the name BAE Morán Valverde.
- "RESDAL - atlas-2014Red de Seguridad y Defensa de América Latina". www.resdal.org. Archived from the original on 1 March 2018. Retrieved 9 May 2018.
- Wikisource. "Parte oficial peruano sobre el Combate Naval de Jambeli". Archived from the original on 27 January 2012. Retrieved 26 October 2010.
- Nikolay Mityukov. "Zagadka boya v prolivye Hambeli" (Mystery of a skirmish in Jambeli channel), Tekhnika i Vooruzhenie 10/2005, p. 28-31 (in Russian)
- Ecuadorian Navy website. "Comandancia de Escuadra". Retrieved 14 October 2010.
- http://www.elciudadano.gob.ec/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=36938:termino-proceso-de-modernizacion-del-submarino-shyri-en-los-astilleros-de-chile&catid=40:actualidad&Itemid=63[permanent dead link] in Spanish
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 7 January 2012. Retrieved 16 January 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) In Spanish
- "BAE Huancavilca SS-102 termino su modernizacion en ASMAR (Chile)". www.elSnorkel.com. Archived from the original on 16 May 2018. Retrieved 15 May 2018.
- Ecuadorian Navy website. "FM - 01 Presidente Alfaro". Retrieved 14 October 2010.
- Ecuadorian Navy website. "CM 11 Esmeraldas". Retrieved 14 October 2010.
- "Ecuadorian Navy rejoins 'Unitas LIX' exercise". Retrieved 17 July 2019.
- Ecuadorian Navy website. "TR - 62 Calicuchima". Retrieved 14 October 2010.
- Ecuadorian Navy website. "TR - 64 Quisquis". Retrieved 14 October 2010.
- Ecuadorian Navy website. "RA - 70 R. Chimborazo". Retrieved 14 October 2010.
- Ecuadorian Navy website. "L.A.E SIRIUS se incorporó a la Fuerza Naval". Archived from the original on 5 October 2011. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
- "Microsoft Word - FUERZA OPERATIVA.docx". armada.mil.ec. Archived from the original on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 9 May 2018.
- El Telègrafo. "Seis aviones no tripulados ingresan a filas navales". Archived from the original on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 30 October 2010.
- "Ecuadorian Navy receives delivery of two Bell 430's from URS" (PDF).[permanent dead link]
- IAI Website. "HERON 1". Archived from the original on 8 September 2010. Retrieved 30 October 2010.
- IAI Website. "SEARCHER Mk III". Archived from the original on 3 September 2010. Retrieved 30 October 2010.
- "Defense & Security Intelligence & Analysis: IHS Jane's - IHS". www.janes.com. Archived from the original on 21 July 2009. Retrieved 9 May 2018.
"L'Equateur commande une vedette garde-côte" [Ecuador orders a star Coast Guard]. Mer et Maritime. 16 November 2011. Archived from the original on 20 November 2011. Retrieved 30 November 2011.
The Dutch group Damen shipyard and the Ecuadorian Astinave signed with the coastguard service of Ecuador, the order type of a star Stan Patrol 2606.
- "Damen Signs Contract to Build Stan Patrol 2606 Boat at Astinave Yard in Ecuador". World Maritime News. 3 November 2011. Archived from the original on 22 April 2012. Retrieved 2011-11-30.
"Astinave contracts Damen for fourth Patrol Vessel". Damen Group. 2 May 2014. Archived from the original on 1 July 2014. Retrieved 15 July 2014.
Astilleros Navales Ecuatorianos EP - has recently awarded Damen Shipyards Group the contract for a fourth Patrol Vessel of the Damen Stan Patrol 2606 type. This contract represents the last of this SPa 2606 series for the Ecuadorian Coastguard to be built locally.
- "Signing of contract SPa 2606 Ecuador". Damen Group. 2 November 2011. Archived from the original on 29 November 2011. Retrieved 30 November 2011.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 March 2009. Retrieved 24 April 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Publicado por Intelligence, Defense, Security Service (3 September 2010). "Intelligence, Defense and Security: ECUADOR RECIBE DONACION DE CAMIONES MILITARES DE EEUU". Intelligenceservicechile.blogspot.com. Retrieved 15 March 2013.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Armada de Chile website Archived 24 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine (in Spanish)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ecuadorian Navy.|
- https://web.archive.org/web/20110307063238/http://www.armada.mil.ec/ Homepage of the Ecuadorian Navy